Who Is The Patron Saint Of Scotland

Contents

Who Was St Andrew?

For though that St Andrew has served as Scotland’s patron saint for many years, it wasn’t until the 18th century that his feast day became widely celebrated throughout the country. What may surprise you even more is that the practice of celebrating on November 30th was not really established in Scotland, but rather by a group of Scottish ex-pats living in the United States who wanted to reconnect with their Scottish heritage. In 1729, a group of affluent Scottish immigrants in Charleston, South Carolina, created the ‘St Andrew’s Society of Charleston,’ which was the beginning of it all.

They became well-known throughout the region as a result of their efforts supporting orphans and widows in the region.

In New York, the St Andrew’s Society is the oldest charitable organization of any sort that has ever been established.

These seeds have grown into St Andrew’s societies that have spread around the world as Scots have traveled and lived in far-flung corners of the planet.

Every year, on the 30th of November, people from all over Scotland get together to honour St Andrew and have a wonderful time in celebration of the Winter Festival.

Parties may last far into the wet and windy winter night.

St Andrew, Patron Saint of Scotland

The union flag of Great Britain, often known as the Union Jack, is composed of three crossed crosses that are layered on each other. One of these crosses is the flag of Saint Andrew, who is the Patron Saint of Scotland, despite the fact that he was not born in Scotland himself. Andrew’s hometown was Copernicum, and he worked as a fisherman, just like his brother Simon Peter. Andrew was a member of Jesus’ inner circle of apostles, which included Peter, James, and John, as well as the other apostles.

  • John the Baptist before becoming a follower of Christ.
  • Although it is not known for definite where he proclaimed the Gospel or where he is buried, the city of Patras in the Greek island of Achia claims to be the location where he was martyred and crucified.
  • This connection is asserted by two different interpretations of the events.
  • This town is now known as St Andrews, and the church became a focal point for evangelization, with pilgrims traveling from all across the United Kingdom to pray at the church.
  • No matter whether mythology is closest to the truth, we are unlikely to ever discover the truth behind it.
  • In Italy and France, as well as in Anglo-Saxon England, where Hexham and Rochester were the first of 637 medieval dedications, churches were dedicated to him from the beginning of time.
  • Andrew has also been recognized throughout history for the manner in which he died in A.D.
  • Apparently he felt unworthy of being crucified on the same cross as Christ, and as a result he was executed on a saltire, or X-shaped cross (also known as the St Andrew’s cross), which became his emblem.
  • The St Andrew’s cross (on the left) and the Union Jack (on the right).

People from all over the globe now go to St Andrews, a small town in Scotland that is worldwide recognized as the traditional home of golf, to partake in a different kind of pilgrimage.

List of saints of Scotland – Wikipedia

List of saints of Scotland, which includes saints fromScotland, saints related with, and saints who are particularly honored in the country of Scotland.

Veneration of saints in Scotland

In Medieval Scotland, one of the most distinctive characteristics was the veneration of saints. There were other persons known as St Faelan and St. Colman, as well as the saintsFindbar and Finan, who were highly honored as saints of Irish ancestry. Columba remained an important figure far into the fourteenth century, and a new foundation was established at Arbroath Abbey on the place of his bones, thanks to the generosity of King William I (r. 1165–1214). The most prominent saint in Strathclyde was St Kentigern, whose worship (under the pet name St.

St Cuthbert, whose remains were transported throughout Northumbria after Lindisfarne was ravaged by Vikings before being enshrined in Durham Cathedral, was the patron saint of Lothian.

Veneration of Saint Andrew

In Scotland, St Andrew is revered as the patron saint, and he has a long history of devotion there. As early as the ninth century, the Pictish rulers created the cult of St Andrew on the east coast at Kilrymont, which is now part of the United Kingdom. The shrine, which was supposed to have housed the remains of the saint, which were carried to Scotland by Saint Regulus, dates back to the twelfth century.

Developments in the Late Middle Ages

By the eleventh century, it had been known simply as St. Andrews, and it had grown to be identified with Scottish national identity as well as with the Royal Family of Edinburgh. King James I of Scotland canonized Queen Margaret in 1250, and with the ceremonial transfer of her remains to Dunfermline Abbey, she became known as one of the country’s most cherished national saints. As the doctrine of Purgatory gained in popularity in the late medieval period, the number of chapelries, priests, and masses for the dead within them increased rapidly, as did the number of altars to saints, withSt.

Impact of the Reformation

By the eleventh century, it had been known simply as St. Andrews, and it had grown to be identified with Scottish national identity as well as with the Royal Family of Scotland. As a result of the ceremonial transfer of her ashes toDunfermline Abbey in 1250, Queen Margaret became one of Scotland’s most beloved national saints, and she remains so today. As the doctrine ofPurgatory gained in popularity in the late medieval period, the number of chapelries, priests, and masses for the dead within them increased rapidly, as did the number of altars to saints, withSt.

Mary’s in Dundee having perhaps 48 andSt Giles’ in Edinburgh having over 50, as did the number of saints celebrated in Scotland, with approximately 90 being added to the missal used inSt Nicholas church in Aberdeen during this period.

List of saints

  1. In addition to G. W. S. Barrow’s Kingship and Unity: Scotland 1000–1306 (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1989),ISBN074860104X, p. 64
  2. M. Lynch’s Scotland: A New History (Random House, 2011),ISBN1446475638, p. 75
  3. A. Macquarrie’s Medieval Scotland: Kinship and Nation (Thrupp: Sutton, 2004),ISBN0-7509-2977

Who are the Patron Saints of Scotland, England, Wales and Northern Ireland?

Each member of the United Kingdom has a patron saint who represents them. (Image courtesy of Getty) The patron saints of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland are commemorated on a yearly basis, with each of the four patron saints being commemorated on a different day of the year. But what are those dates, and why are there four separate Saints who are patrons of the United Kingdom? Listed below is a brief overview of each of the four Patron Saints of the United Kingdom, including when they are commemorated in each country during the calendar year.

Who are the Patron Saints of Scotland, England, Wales and Northern Ireland?

St Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland, and St Andrew’s Day is celebrated on November 30, which occurs on a Monday this year. Historically, St Andrew has served as the patron saint of Scotland for more than 1,000 years, with people commemorating him dating back to the year 1000AD. He was only designated as Scotland’s patron saint in 1320, following the Declaration of Arbroath, which recognized the country’s independence. The Scottish flag, with the Saint Andrew’s Cross in the center. (Image courtesy of Getty) Since then, St Andrew has been commemorated in a variety of ways throughout Scotland, including the inclusion of the St Andrew Cross on the Scottish flag and the establishment of the town of St Andrews, which is believed to be the location of his grave.

Patron Saint of England

St George is the patron saint of England, and St. George’s Day will be celebrated on Friday, April 23, in the year 2021. Historical records show that St George’s most honorable deed was the liberation of Christian slaves, following which he declared himself to be a Christian and died for his beliefs on April 23, also known as St George’s Day, after declining to become a Christian. A virgin princess from a dragon at Silene, Libya, according to legend, which resulted in the Christianization of much of her father’s realm as a result of his efforts.

George and the Dragon The image above is courtesy of Barney Burstein/Corbis/VCG via Getty Images.

Patron Saint of Wales

Historically, St David is the Patron Saint of Wales, and St David’s Day is observed on March 1 every year, commemorating the day when it is believed he died in roughly 600AD. The bishop of Mynyw in Wales during the 6th century, Saint David was the son of the celibate Saint Non, who was also a bishop. During his lifetime, according to mythology, St David accomplished a number of miraculous feats. In St David’s Cathedral, there is a statue of Saint David. (Photo courtesy of DeAgostini/Getty Images) ) Legend has it that the Saint was standing in the middle of a town square, preaching to the people, when the earth under him began to rise and create a little hill, with a dove landing on his shoulder.

This is one of the most famous stories about the Saint. In paintings and stained glass windows, the Saint is frequently represented in this manner, with the bird perched on his shoulder.

Patron Saint of Northern Ireland

St Patrick is the patron saint of Northern Ireland, and his feast day, Saint Patrick’s Day, is observed on March 17 every year. St Patrick’s Day is celebrated on March 17, which is believed to be the day of St Patrick’s death. It was initially celebrated as the anniversary of the advent of Christianity on the island of Ireland. Saint Patrick (370-461), the patron saint of Ireland, is shown in this coloured etching by Diodore Rahoult, who lived in Italy. Featured image courtesy of Fototeca Gilardi/Getty Images.

Why are the Patron Saints of Scotland, England, Wales and Northern Ireland different?

Many countries across the world, particularly those where Christianity is the major religion, have a patron saint, with the United Kingdom being one of these countries. In spite of this, because the United Kingdom (UK) is made up of four distinct countries — Scotland, England, Wales, and Northern Ireland – it is only fair that each of those countries have its own patron saint. As a result, the Patron Saints of each region of the United Kingdom are distinct. How to Wish Someone a Happy St Patrick’s Day in Irish Gaelic (and other languages) Follow Metro on our social media networks, which include Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram.

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This morning marks the celebration of St Andrew’s Day, a day on which people all over Scotland gather together to commemorate the feast day of our patron saint. His diagonal cross is the reason why the white saltire is featured on the Scottish flag, and he is revered not just in Scotland but also in nations as diverse as Barbados, Greece, Russia, Colombia, Romania, and Cyprus where he is also revered as the patron saint. But how much do we truly know about the saint and why we commemorate his life?

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He was also a Disciple, a brother to St Peter, and a martyr.

This week’s top Scotland Now stories

On this day, we commemorate the feast day of St Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland, and people all over the country join together to celebrate. His diagonal cross is the reason why the white saltire is featured on the Scottish flag, and he is revered not just in Scotland but also in places as diverse as Barbados, Greece, Russia, Colombia, Romania, and Cyprus where he is also revered as the patron saint of their respective countries. But how much do we truly know about the saint and why we commemorate his life?

He was also a Disciple, a brother of St Peter, and a martyr.

Life

Saint Andrew the Apostle as seen in an earlier etching (Image: Getty) Andrew is said to have began his life as a fisherman in Galilee, and it is possible that he was originally a disciple of St. John the Evangelist. The elder brother of Saint Peter, he was asked by Jesus to be a “fisher of men,” and he accepted the challenge. As a result, he is frequently shown in art with a fishing net in his hands.

Andrew is a significant character in the biography of Jesus, and he is present at many of the most important events in his life, including the Last Supper. In latter years of his life, he is reported to have preached in places such as Romania, Ukraine, and Russia.

Death

(Image courtesy of the Kean Collection/Getty) Engraving portraying Saint Andrew, standing next to a ‘X’ shaped cross on which he died. When Andrew was finally crucified in the western Greek city of Patras in 60AD, it was because of persecution by the Roman Emperor Nero. He was executed by crucifixion as a result of this persecution. Early versions of his narrative claim that he was shackled rather than nailed to a crucifixion identical to the one on which Jesus was crucified, but subsequent stories claim that he was executed on an X-shaped cross after deciding that he was unworthy of being crucified on the same sort of cross as Jesus.

There are four places where these relics are kept: the Basilica of St Andrew in Greece, the Duomo di Sant’Andrea (the Cathedral of St Andrew) in Italy, the Cathedral of St Mary’s Catholic Church in Edinburgh, and the Church of St Andrew and St Albert in Poland, among others.

Scottish Legacy

The town of St Andrews in the Scottish province of Fife, where it is supposed that St Andrew first landed in Scotland (Image: Getty) Historically, it is believed that the saint’s first links to Scotland stretch back to the era of King Malcolm III (1034 -1093). Historically, the King is credited with rescheduling the Samhain (or Halloween, as we now know it) celebrations to coincide with the earliest celebration of St Andrew’s Day in order to ensure that enough animals were kept alive for the winter food supplies.

Despite being vastly outnumbered, engus pledged in a pre-battle prayer that if he were to be victorious, he would designate Saint Andrew as the patron saint of Scotland.

Engus interpreted this as a sign since it reflected the cross on which the Saint was crucified, and he responded by honoring his plea by designating Andrew as the patron saint of our parish.

After the signing of the Declaration of Arbroath in 1320, he was designated as the official patron saint of the city.

Myths and legends

During the Last Supper, Andrew (far right) was joined by fellow Apostles Bartholomew and James the Less. (Photo courtesy of Ann Ronan Picture Library/Getty Images) No one knows exactly how the relics of St Andrew landed on the beaches of Scotland. Some believe that a man known as Regulus (or St Rule) had a dream in which God told him that he should remove St Andrew’s body after his death and bury it somewhere safe. Having had a second dream in which an angel told him to transport the body to the ‘ends of the earth’ in order to protect it, St Rule packed as much of it as he could into a wooden boat and set sail with the rest of it.

A more mundane account, on the other hand, is that the relics were taken to Britain, and later Scotland, by Bishop Acca of Hexham, a well-known collector in the year 732.

Witches are said to be prevented from entering a house by placing a hex sign of the cross of Saint Andrew over the hearth, according to another local legend.

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St Andrew’s Day: 11 things you might not know about Scotland’s patron saint

The people of Scotland commemorate St Andrew’s Day, which is celebrated on November 30th, in honor of their patron saint. Despite the fact that Andrew, one of Christ’s apostles, never got any closer than the southernmost reaches of Europe, he has served as a guardian of the Scots and has bestowed many of the nation’s most famous emblems upon them. So, how did a Galilean fisherman from the first century AD come to be known as Scotland’s patron saint? Here are the facts, as well as some folklore.

Was he connected to the country of Scotland in any way?

What we know about Andrew’s life and how he came to be a patron saint of Scotland is revealed by Rab Houston, professor emeritus of history at the University of St Andrews.

Andrew was one of the apostles

There is very little information available regarding the life of St Andrew. He was a fisherman from Galilee, and his name, which means’manly’ in Greek, distinguished him as one of the original 12 apostles of Jesus Christ, along with his brother Peter, who was also a fisherman. They would become “fishers of men,” according to Christ’s words. 2

The saltire (diagonal cross) on the Scottish flag comes from Andrew’s execution

Andrew was murdered by the Romans in the Greek city of Patras somewhere around the year AD 60. According to legend, he wanted to be crucified on an X-shaped cross, often known as a saltire, since he did not believe he was worthy of being punished on the same shaped cross as Jesus. During the medieval time, this became known as the Saint Andrew’s Cross, and it became a national emblem of Scotland. From Andrew’s execution came the saltire (diagonal cross) that appears on the Scottish flag. (Photo courtesy of RF Getty Images) )

More patron saints history:

  • St George’s Day: 11 interesting facts about England’s patron saint that you might not have known
  • 16 facts about St David’s Day traditions that you (probably) didn’t know
  • A quick overview of the history of St. Patrick’s Day

There were other contenders for Scotland’s patron saint

During the Dark Ages, it appeared as though another would be the most qualified candidate for the position Andrew finally achieved. Despite the fact that saints such as Duthac and Ninian were well-known in their respective regions (the far north and deep south, respectively), it was Columba who appeared to be the most plausible candidate to become the patron saint of the newly formed nation of Alba. However, when Irish Gaels made advances into the country from the west, the political and religious center of gravity shifted east (and eventually south).

4

While St Andrew never came to Scotland, it is said that his remains did

According to legend, St Regulus (also known as Rule), a fourth-century monk at Patras, was instructed by an angel to conceal some of Andrew’s skeletal remains. He kidnapped them from their resting place in Constantinople, which also happened to be the patron city of Andrew, and attempted to transport them to the ends of the globe, finally ending up stranded on the shore of Fife, near the Pictish royal capital of Cennrgmonaid, which is now a museum (later renamed St Andrews).

There was already a church there, built by the Céli Dé, or Culdees (hermitical Celtic monks) who had previously lived there to hold a sarcophagus or box-shrine, which may have contained the relics.5

The town that became St Andrews became the centre of Scottish religious life

A fourth-century monk in Patras named St Regulus (also known as Rule) is said to have been instructed by an angel to conceal part of Andrew’s bones. It was he who removed them from their last resting place in Constantinople, which also happened to be the home of Andrew the Apostle, and attempted to send them to every corner of the globe, finally ending up stranded on the shore of Fife, near the Pictish royal capital of Cennrgmonaid (later renamed St Andrews). There was already a church there, built by the Céli Dé, or Culdees (hermitical Celtic monks) who had previously lived there to hold a sarcophagus or box-shrine, which may have contained the relics5.

St Andrew’s status as patron saint of Scotland was established by 1320

St Andrew’s cult evolved from a localized, minority religion to become the spiritual father of the entire nation of Scotland. This was officially acknowledged in 1286, when he appears on the seal of the Guardians of Scotland – the regents appointed after the death of King Alexander III – framed by his diagonal cross and surrounded by the words:Andreas dux esto Scotis compatriotis (‘Andrew be leader of the Scots, your fellow countrymen’). Andrew was the first monarch of Scotland to be crowned.

His association with the Scottish cause throughout the late 13th and early 14th-century Wars of Independence only served to solidify his position, transforming him into a great national icon.

Listen: In this episode of theHistoryExtrapodcast, Iain MacInnes replies to listener questions and popular search inquiries regarding the Anglo-Scottish military battles of the 13th and 14th centuries, which include the following topics: 7

Other countries have St Andrew as their patron saint

Andrew’s global popularity can be attributed to his obvious morality, since he is also the patron saint of Greece, Romania, and Russia, among other countries (among others). Today, there are dozens of St Andrew’s societies in various sections of the Scottish diaspora, including Australia, Canada, and the United States, as well as Abu Dhabi, Argentina, India, and Singapore, among other places. While Andrew is largely known as the patron saint of fishermen, his worship has also been employed for divination purposes in the past.

An Orthodox church in the Russian style dedicated to Saint Andrew, located in the village of Episkopio, Cyprus.

Interest in Andrew revived and evolved in the Renaissance

While pilgrimages to St Andrews declined in the later Middle Ages, King James III of Scotland may have considered establishing a chivalric order of St Andrew in the 15th century – on the model of Philip the Good, duke of Burgundy’s Order of the Golden Fleece, which was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and St Andrew in 1430 – to commemorate the patron saint of Scotland. A century later, court poet and herald Sir David Lindsay developed a new royal armorial, which included Andrew, the blue saltire, a revised lion rampant, and a thistle, among other symbols.

Renaissance Andrew was regarded as a royal saint in every sense of the word. However, over time, saints such as him became generalized models of virtue, heroic people who elicited public awe rather than personal devotion from the public. They were elevated to the status of saints. 9

Even the Reformation did not destroy St Andrew’s status

The arrival of Protestantism in the mid-16th century resulted in the partial destruction of St Andrew’s Cathedral and the scattering of any remaining relics. Nonetheless, even after this, Protestants and Catholics alike remained committed to the apostle as a model for the entire Christian community rather than as a simply sectarian figure. For all high-profile saints, what mattered was the kindness they contributed via affinity with God. It was God’s buddy who was also the friend of humans. Saint Andrew the Apostle as seen in a vintage etching.

(Photo courtesy of Getty Images) 10

St Andrew’s Day took off not in Scotland, but the New World

People of Scottish heritage frequently developed a greater sense of Scottish culture than others who had come before them, maybe in order to protect their ancestral identity. As a result, the first known celebration of St Andrew’s Day on November 30th after the Reformation took place at Charleston, South Carolina, in 1729. It had been organized by a philanthropic society that bears the apostle’s name, and it carried on the original point of the feast day in the Catholic Church, which was for communities to surpass themselves in penitence and charity in order to make them worthy of the saint’s protection, which had been for communities to surpass themselves in penitence and charity in order to make them worthy of the saint’s protection.

The first reported celebration of St Andrew’s Day on the 30th of November after the Reformation took place at Charleston, South Carolina, in 1729.

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Some would argue that tradition has now been lost, which is a good thing.11

St Andrews Day has relatively recently been a public holiday in Scotland

Even though the 30th of November (or the following Monday if 30 November falls on a weekend) officially became a public holiday in Scotland in 2007, celebrations are far more low-key than those held on Hogmanay (31 December) and Burns Night (31 January) in the rest of the United Kingdom (25 January). A very short introduction to Scotland by Rab Houston, Professor Emeritus in History at St Andrews University, and author of Scotland: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2008)

St Andrew – Patron Saint of Scotland

Saint Andrew, Patron Saint of Scotlandcompiled by Elizabeth Mckaskle
Saint Andrew is the Patron Saint of Scotland, and St. Andrew’s Day is celebrated by Scots around the world on the 30th November. The flag of Scotland is the Cross of St. Andrew, and this is widely displayed as a symbol of national identity.The “Order of Saint Andrew” or the “Most Ancient Order of the Thistle” is an order of Knighthood which is restricted to the King or Queen and sixteen others. It was established by James VII of Scotland in 1687.A disciple of Jesus and the brother of Simon Peter. The two are pictured as fishermen working beside the sea when Jesus summons them to follow him and become, “fishers of men.” Although less prominent than his brother, Andrew is present at the miracle of the bread and the speech on the Mount of Olives.In the list of the Twelve, Andrew is listed second in Luke and Matthew and fourth in the books of Mark and Acts. In all accounts he was one of the first, as a follower of John the Baptists, to be “called” a disciple.According to later traditions, Andrew became a missionary to Asia Minor, Macedonia, and southern Russia.In 70 AD he was martyred in Patras, Greece. Having many coverts, he was feared by the Roman governor who had him cruxified on an X-shaped cross known as a Saltire Cross.(One of the many Medievil customs of torture).It is this shape that is reflected in the Scottish flag.(for culture buffs who attribute the southern “bubba or redneck” culture to early Scottish settlers, take note of the similiar designs between the Scottish flag and the Confederate flag).He was the patron saint of Greece, Russua and Of course Scotland.St. Andrew is also invoked against gout and a stiff neck.St. Andrews bones were entombed, and around 300 years later were moved by Emperor Constantine (the Great) to his new capital Constantinople.Legend suggests that a Greek Monk (although others describe him as an Irish assistant of St. Columba) called St. Rule (or St. Regulus) was warned in a dream that St. Andrews remains were to be moved and was directed by an angel to take those of the remains which he could to the “ends of the earth” for safe-keeping. St. Rule dutifully followed these directions, removing a tooth, an arm bone, a kneecap and some fingers from St. Andrew’s tomb and transporting these as far away as he could. That place was Scotland and it is here the association is believed to have begun.It was here that St. Rule was shipwrecked with his precious cargo.St. Rule is said to have come ashore at a Pictish settlement on the East Coast of Scotland and this later became St. Andrews.Another story is that Acca, the Bishop of Hexham, who was a reknown collector of relics, brought the relics of St. Andrew to St. Andrews in 733. There certainly seems to have been a religious center at St. Andrews at that time, either founded by St. Rule in the 6th century or by a Pictish King, Ungus, who reigned from 731 – 761. Whichever tale is true, the relics were placed in a specially constructed chapel. This chapel was replaced by the Cathedral of St. Andrews in 1160, and St. Andrews became the religious capital of Scotland and a great center for Medieval pilgrims who came to view the relics.There are other legends of how St. Andrew and his remains became associated with Scotland,but there is little evidence for any of these, including the legend of St. Rule. The names still exist in Scotland today, including St. Rules Tower, which remains today amongst the ruins of St. Andrews Cathedral. It is not known what happened to the relics of St. Andrew which were stored in St. Andrews Cathedral, although it is most likely that these were destroyed during the Scottish Reformation.The Protestant cause, propounded by Knox, Wishart and others, won out over Roman Catholism during the Reformation and the “idolatry of catholism”, that is the Saints, relics, decoration of churches, were expunged during the process of converting the Roman Catholic churches of Scotland to the harsh simplicity of Knox’s brand of Calvanism.The place where these relics were kept within the Cathedral at St. Andrews is now marked by a plaque, amongst the ruins, for visitors to see.The larger part of St. Andrew’s remains were stolen from Constantinople in 1210 and are now to be found in Amalfi in Southern Italy. In 1879 the Archbishop of Amalfi sent a small piece of the Saint’s shoulder blade to the re-established Roman Catholic community in Scotland. During his visit in 1969, Pope Paul VI gave further relics of St. Andrew to Scotland with the words “Saint Peter gives you his brother” and these are now displayed in a reliquary in St. Mary’s Roman Catholic Cathedral in Edinburgh.Compiled by Elizabeth Mckaskle from the following sources:Gateway to Scotland WPThe Oxford Companion BibleThe Dictionary of Christian ArtClick here to learn about Scotland’s FlagSt Andrew Scotland’s Patron SaintIn most Christian countries and for many centuries the last day in November has been observed as the feast day of St Andrew. The Church Calendar begins with Advent (defined as the nearest Sunday to St Andrew’s Day), and it seems fitting that Andrew, the first of Christ’s disciples, should have the distinction of coming first in the Church Year. In Scotland – and wherever else Scots are gathered – November 30th is celebrated as our national day, for St Andrew is Scotland’s patron saint and the St Andrew’s Cross (or Saltire) is Scotland’s flag. But who was St Andrew, and how did he become our patron saint?ST ANDREW THE APOSTLEThe Bible tells us that Andrew, a fisherman from Bethsaida in Galilee, was the ‘first called’ of Christ’s disciples and that he brought his brother Simon Peter to become a follower of Jesus. After the Crucifixion, as tradition relates, Andrew travelled the countries bordering the Black Sea and preached the Gospel in Scythia (as the Ukraine and Southern Russia were anciently known) and in Greece. (For a link between Scythia and the Scots, see the part of the Arbroath Declaration quoted overleaf). His missionary work is still remembered in that part of the world: to this day Andrew is patron saint in Greece, Russia and the Ukraine. It was in Greece, in the city of Patras, that he suffered martyrdom. Possibly because he felt himself unworthy to meet his death on a cross of the same shape as his Lord’s, he was crucified on a diagonal cross. Part of the tradition is that St Andrew wore blue, and so the white of the wooden cross against the blue of his robes gave us the colours of our national flag. However, there is another legend to explain the white cross on a blue background, a legend which had its birth a long way from Greece, in the village of Athelstaneford in East Lothian.THE BATTLE OF ATHELSTANEFORDAccording to this legend, an army of Picts under Angus mac Fergus, High King of Alba, and aided by a contingent of Scots, had been on a punitive raid in Northumbrian territory, but were pursued and then confronted by a larger force of Angles and Saxons under one Athelstan. Defeat seemed almost certain, but after Angus and his men had prayed for deliverance, the appearance in the blue sky above them of a white cloud in the shape of a saltire or St Andrew’s Cross seemed to promise that their prayers had been heeded. Thereupon Angus vowed that if they were victorious thatday, St Andrew would forever after be their patron saint. Victory was indeed theirs, Angus remembered his vow, and so Andrew became our patron saint and his cross our flag. The date is believed to have been 832AD. The battle is commemorated by a monument in the churchyard at Athelstaneford. Attached is a tall flagpole on which a Saltire is flown permanently, even during the hours of darkness when it is floodlit, as a reminder of the flag’s origins.ST ANDREW AND ST ANDREWS Far though he travelled on his missionary journeys, St Andrew never set foot in the most westerly of the countries which adopted him as patron saint. But four centuries after his death, some of his bones arrived here. Quite how they did so is uncertain. One version of the story is that St Regulus (St Rule) was homeward bound from the Mediterranean lands withthe relics of the saint he had acquired there when his ship was wrecked on the coast of Fife. Regulus settled where he had been shipwrecked, at Kilrymont, and the church which he founded there became an important place of pilgrimage and the seat of the Bishop of St Andrews. Another version, favoured by historians, is that some relics of St Andrew found their way from Constantinople, where the Emperor Constantine the Great had a collection, via the Italian town of Amalfi to Scotland. But whatever the truth of the matter, it is clear that the rise to prominence of St Andrew and the cathedral city bearing his name was closely linked to changes taking place in Scotland between the 9th and the 12th centuries. During this period Celtic influences coming from Ireland and associated with local saints such as Columba had led to the creation of religious centres at Dunkeld, Abernethy and elsewhere; but the influence of Rome coming via England was, to prove stronger in the end, and St Andrews, named after an apostle of the universal church, became its headquarters. The strength of St Andrews was shown in the stubborn resistance it offered to the pretensions of the See of York, which was seeking to extend its jurisdiction over Scotland. The resistance was successful, and in the end the independence of the Scottish Church was recognised by the Pope. The country’s political independence, restored by the heroic efforts culminating in Bannockburn, was given its most eloquent expression in the Declaration of Arbroath, and in 1385 an Act of Parliament established the statutory position of the St Andrew’s Cross as the national flag which any Scot is entitled to fly or display.The Arbroath Declaration (1320) relates with pride the country’s link with St Andrew and the scene of his missionary labours:”Among other distinguished nations our own nation, namely of Scots, hasbeen marked by many distinctions. It journeyed from Greater Scythia.but nowhere could it be subjugated by any people it acquired, with many victories and untold efforts, theplaces which it now holds, although often assailed by Norwegians. Danes and English.”Our Lord Jesus Christ. called them.almost the first to his most holy faith. Nor did he wish to confirm them in that faith by anyone but by the first apostle by calling.namely the most gentle Andrew, the blessed Peter’s brother, whom he wished to protect them as their patron for ever”.Return to our Significant Scots page

St Patrick’s Day 2020: Who are the patron saints of Scotland, Wales, England and Ireland? – CBBC Newsround

Photographs courtesy of Getty Images Wales is represented by Saint David, who is its patron saint. Patron saints can be assigned to a variety of things, including occupations, organizations, and animals. For example, St Francis of Assisi cherished environment and wildlife, and as a result, he was designated as the Saint of Animals.

Traditionally, these saints have been seen as models of how to live a more fulfilling life. Nations, on the other hand, can have patron saints. All four of England’s constituent countries—England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales—have their own national day, which is named after their patron saint.

Saint David of Wales

The Getty Images collection contains a variety of images that are available for licensing. The patron saint of Wales is Saint David. Patron saints can be assigned to a wide range of things, including occupations, organizations, and even specific animals and species. The patron saint of animals, for example, is St Francis of Assisi, who cherished nature and wildlife and was thus designated as such. In the traditional view, these saints represent a path to a more fulfilling life. National patron saints, on the other hand, may be found anywhere.

England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales are no exception.

Saint Patrick of Ireland

Pacemaker Irish people venerate Saint Patrick as their patron saint, and they commemorate him for introducing Christianity to the nation. On the 17th of March, Ireland commemorates St Patrick’s Day. Saint Patrick’s Day began as a religious holiday to commemorate Saint Patrick’s life and activities, but it has now evolved into an international celebration of all things Irish. Photographs courtesy of Getty Images Spectators in Dublin don leprechaun hats as they watch the St Patrick’s Day parade.

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People also dress up as bearded Irish fairies known as leprechauns and wear all green on St.

Saint George of England

St George is the patron saint of England, and he has become something of a national emblem. St George’s Day is the national holiday of England, and it is observed on the 23rd of April every year. According to mythology, St George was a soldier in the Roman army when he fought a dragon and protected a princess, which led to his being knighted. That is why he has come to be seen as a symbol of bravery. He is much-liked and revered not only by the English, but also by Christians in Israel, Greece, and Russia, as well as by Muslims across the world.

Saint Andrew of Scotland

St George is the patron saint of England, and he has become a national emblem as a result of his exploits. On the 23rd of April every year, St George’s Day is observed as England’s National Day. During his time as a soldier in the Roman army, the tradition has it that St George fought a dragon and rescued a princess. He has become synonymous with bravery because of this. He is well-liked and revered not only by the English, but also by Christians in Israel, Greece, and Russia, as well as by Muslims in the Middle East.

Who was St Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland?

Scottish patron saint St. Andrew (also known as St. Andrew the Apostle). Contributed to the picture. Some think that the bones of St Andrew were carried to Scotland some hundred years after his death, and that a new religious center was established at Kilrymont, which was then known as St Andrews, to house them.

The Pictish King Oengus II led a successful side against the Angles in East Lothian in 832 AD, according to certain historians, and he was therefore designated as Scotland’s patron saint.

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He was convinced he had witnessed a supernatural intervention when, on the morning of the fight, white clouds shaped themselves into the shape of a cross in the sky. His interpretation of the symbol was that it was a reference to the x-shaped cross on which Andrew was crucified in Patras, Greece. This cross, according to one tale, was the inspiration for the flag of St Andrew, which is now the official flag of the Scottish Government. St Andrew – Scotland’s Myth and Identity, by Michael Turnbull, claims that both William Wallace and King Robert the Bruce prayed to Saint Andrew for guidance during times of national emergency.

  • According to Turnbull, it was also on display during the funerals of Scottish kings and queens, including those of King James VI and that of his mother, Mary Queen of Scots, among others.
  • The impact of St Andrew may be seen across Europe.
  • His boat got aground and he had to get ashore with his staff, which he used to strike the water source.
  • A monastery and church are located near to the coast, where it is believed that St Andrew first set foot on the island.
  • On the morning of St Andrew’s Day, mothers collect tree branches and arrange them into a bouquet for each member of their family.
  • On the night of St Andrew’s Day, it is customary for young women to place a branch of sweet basil – or 41 grains of wheat – beneath their pillow.
  • In addition to the United Kingdom, St Andrew is associated with superstition and custom surrounding marriage in various other nations.
  • After baking, the first one to rise to the top of a bucket of water, revealing the name of their future spouse, would win a prize.
  • The identity of their possible suitor will be revealed to them when they are the first one to be eliminated in the morning.

Girls who wish to get married throw stones on the top of the church at Cape Santo Andre in Portugal, where it is claimed that St Andrew stepped ashore on the day of his death. Fishermen make a pilgrimage to the chapel on the night of St Andrew’s Day in order to ensure their safety while out at sea.

How did a fisherman from Galilee become Scotland’s patron saint?

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Apostle crucified by Romans on X-shaped cross honoured on Saltire

Who is Scotland’s patron saint, and what is his story? On the 30th of November, the Scots commemorate St Andrew’s Day. Today, the apostle’s memory will be commemorated with a toast. The question remains, however, as to who the country’s patron saint was and what his connections were to the nation of Robert Burns, Sir Walter Scott, and Irn-Bru? Andreas was born around 6 BC in the hamlet of Bethsaida, which is located on the shores of the Sea of Galilee, and was a fisherman by trade. According to the Gospel of Matthew, he and his brother Peter were chosen to be two of Jesus Christ’s Twelve Apostles, often known as “fishers of men,” when they encountered the Messiah on the coastline and were summoned to his side.

The Apostle Andrew was a witness to the Last Supper and went on to preach Christianity in the provinces of Scythia, Achaea and Thrace, and all along the Black Sea and the Dnieper River, leading to his adoption as the patron saint of a number of countries in addition toScotland, including Greece, Cyprus, Romania, Ukraine, and Russia.

  • Andrew’s remains were declared holy relics after his death, and they have been transported all around Europe over the years since his death.
  • Following the destruction of the Ottoman capital in 1208 by Cardinal Peter of Capua, the remainder of his body was later sent to Amalfi, Italy, for protection by the Cardinal.
  • This account of events, however, has long been called into question, and Andrew’s bones are supposed to have arrived in Britain with an Augustine mission in 597 before being transported to Fife by Bishop Acca of Hexham in 732, according to another theory.
  • Scottish King Oengus II led an army of Picts and Scots to a victory over Aethelstan and his Angle allies at the battle of East Lothian in 832, and Andrew was thereafter designated as the country’s patron saint.
  • He prayed to Andrew and promised to name a day in Andrew’s honour if his army triumphed in the next battle.
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Superstition abounds in this area. To this day, Andrew maintains his position, and the Saltire, when placed near a fireplace, is claimed to deter witches from flying down the chimney.

The Patron Saint of Scotland

Saturday, November 30, was St. Andrew’s Day, a festival celebrated all over the world, but mainly in Scotland, where St. Andrew is the country’s patron saint, and which was observed internationally on that day. My friends and I had been talking about the holiday for a few days before it happened, and we had made plans to spend the entire day on Saturday. We were both excited and a little confused. What was it that we didn’t know? There would be a free celebration in Grassmarket, which is a historic section of Old Town that stands just south of the castle and is lined with taverns and cafés.

  • Who was St.
  • One of the most astonishing things is that we had already visited the town of St.
  • Andrew.
  • Again, none of us had any idea!
  • Andrew and his significance to the country of Scotland, which we did on our own time.
  • Saint Andrew, whose name literally translates as “strong,” and who was frequently described as “very inquiring,” was born in Palestine around the first decade of the first century CE.
  • At the time of his crucifixion at Patras, he requested that his cross be diagonal rather than upright since he felt unworthy of being crucified on the upright cross of Jesus.

Andrew were conveyed to Rome by the Bishop of Hexman, a tiny English town, during the year 732 A.D.

During a fight, a diagonal cross might be seen in the sky, inspiring the Scots and guiding them to success.

Andrew as their symbol of loyalty.

Throughout the Declaration of Arbroath, the saint is referred to as “our patron” or “protector.” A long time later, during the Protestant Reformation, the reliquary containing the bones of St.

They were banned “forever” from taking place on November 30, including street games, festivals, fireworks, and processions with evergreens, all of which used to take place.

Scotland objected since their national cross was not a prominent feature of the design.

Andrew’s cross as a symbol of their displeasure.

However, while the red Lion Rampant is the official Royal banner of Scotland, official heraldic laws declare that the national flag and arms of Scotland are the Saint Andrew’s Cross, which is the symbol of the city of St Andrews.

Andrew’s Day began once more, this time with a specific meaning for the country of Scotland, as it had done previously.

Andrew is that it serves to signify strength and curiosity, two characteristics that are, by tradition, deeply ingrained in the Scottish mentality.

This has been my first-hand experience over the past three months as I have become acquainted with the people and culture of Scotland, an experience that has been absolutely unforgettable.

St. Andrew’s Day served as an excellent jumping off point for all we had learned thus far in preparation for the final few weeks of our study abroad experience in Edinburgh.

Angela Owens

Angela Owens earned her bachelor’s degree in business administration from Georgetown University’s McDonough School of Business in 2015. She spent the autumn semester of 2013 in Edinburgh, Scotland, as part of the Berkley Center’s Junior Year Abroad Network, which was sponsored by the Berkley Center.

Why St Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland and many other territories

Because it is Friday, November 30, there will be celebrations in Scotland and many other nations and territories that honor Saint Andrew the Apostle as their patron saint, including the United States. In an increasingly secular society, the concept of having a patron saint may seem out of date. However, in Scotland, which does not yet have an official independence day, St. Andrew’s feast day in the Christian liturgical year is regarded as our national day, on which we commemorate our heritage as Scotsmen and women.

MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: How ‘Scotland’s first monarch’ was able to bring a kingdom together amid difficult times To grasp this, it is necessary to go back to the Bible, and specifically to the four gospels, which all contain the name Andrew, which is a Greek name meaning “strong” and was popular in many nations and languages at the time.

  • The gospels differ in their accounts of who was called first.
  • According to the first chapter of John, Andrew was there when John the Baptist identified Jesus as the promised Messiah.
  • As soon as the two disciples heard him speak, they sprang to their feet and followed him.
  • He invites them to come and see for themselves.
  • Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, was one of the two who listened in on John’s speech and then followed him.
  • Andrew is a character who appears frequently in the Gospels.
  • Despite the fact that there is a Gospel according to Andrew, commonly referred to as the Acts of Andrew, it was regarded as apocryphal many years ago.

Among the various patronages that have been claimed to him are those of fishermen, miners, and singers, among many others.

During the Roman occupation of Achaia – now Greece – in Patras, Andrew was beheaded on an X-shaped cross, which would become his emblem for the rest of his life.

Those two letters were crucial because, according to mythology, Emperor Constantine the Great was shown an X before a battle in 312 AD, which he won after pledging to convert the entire empire to Christianity.

At another version of the story, a monk in Patras named St Regulus or Rule was resolved to preserve the relics and was instructed by God in a dream to take the saint’s arm, kneecap, three fingers, and a tooth to the extremities of the world – at the time, Scotland.

By 747, the town of St Andrews in Fife, then known as Kilrymont, had erected a church dedicated to the saint, which serves as proof of this.

The story of Constantine’s vision before battle is well known – and the same vision was seen in the sky by King Oengus II before the Battle of Athelstaneford in 832, and with his Picts and Scots coming out victorious against the larger forces of Northumbria, Oengus II ordered that the flag of his kingdom be made up of a white X cross on a blue background – the Saltire, as we know it today.

Saint Margaret and future kings were instrumental in establishing St Andrews as the biggest ecclesiastical hub in Scotland and a major pilgrimage destination, with the long-lost shrine of our patron saint serving as its primary attraction.

He is referred to as the “kind Saint Andrew” in the 1320 Declaration of Arbroath, and he is still known as the “patron for ever” of the Scottish people, a title that he retains today.

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