- 1 Patron Saint of Germany
- 2 Saint Boniface
- 3 St. Boniface
- 4 Further Reading on St. Boniface
- 5 Additional Biography Sources
- 6 Saint Boniface
- 7 Saints of the Romantic Road in Germany
- 8 St Kilian of Würzburg
- 9 St Liobaof Tauberbischofsheim
- 10 St UlrichSt Afra of Augsburg
- 11 St Magnus of Füssen
- 12 Patron Saints of Cities of Germany
- 13 Saint of the Week: Saint Boniface, Patron Saint of Germany
- 14 German cathedral dusts off relics of St Corona, patron of epidemics
- 15 St. Maurice in Magdeburg (ca. 1240)
- 16 St. Andreas’ Day – German Culture
Patron Saint of Germany
|The term ‘Patron’ is used in Christian religions, including the Roman Catholic religion, to describe holy and virtuous men and women who are considered to be a defender of a specific group of people or of a country.Fast facts and information about Saint Boniface the Patron Saint of GermanyA patron is considered to be a defender of a specific group of people or of a nation. There is a patron for virtually every cause, profession or special interest. The following facts provides fast information about Saint Boniface:|
- Germany’s patron saint, St. Boniface, is commemorated on June 5th with a memorial day and a feast day. Death of Saint Boniface occurred in the year A.D. 755
- The cause of death was murder by pagans.
The Life of Saint Boniface A Benedictine monk from England, Boniface, also known as the apostle of the Germans, dedicated his life to the conversion of the Germanic nations. He was chosen abbot but refused to accept the position in order to devote his life to this cause. His Christian faith and his loyalty to the Pope of Rome are two qualities that stand out in particular. How vitally important this orthodoxy and fidelity were demonstrated by the difficulties Boniface encountered on his first missionary expedition in 719, which was undertaken at the behest of Pope Gregory II in Rome.
- What little Christianity he did come across had either devolved into paganism or been contaminated by error.
- Several of their ordinations were called into doubt in special cases.
- He was given specific instructions by the Holy Father to reform the German Church.
- Boniface subsequently stated that his labor would have been in vain had it not been for a letter of safe-conduct from Charles Martel, the powerful Frankish monarch and grandfather of Charlemagne, which allowed him to conduct himself with dignity.
- He was a tremendously successful businessman.
- Boniface and 53 comrades were slaughtered while on a last expedition to the Frisians, where he was preparing converts for confirmation.
- To begin, the clergy were required to return to the allegiance of their bishops, who were in one with the Pope of Rome.
- When he went to the continent, a large number of Anglo-Saxon monks and nuns joined him, and it was through him that the Benedictine women were initiated to an active educational apostolate.
- For Boniface, it was not just bodily anguish or death, but also the difficult, thankless, and confused mission of Church reform that he endured.
The accomplishment of missionary glory is frequently equated with the conversion of new believers. It appears to be less glorious, but it is not, to heal the home of the faith. Saint Boniface is the patron saint of the following countries: Germany
The English monk St. Boniface (c. 672-754) is renowned as the Apostle of Germany because he was instrumental in establishing the Catholic Church in that country during the eighth century. Known by his well-to-do English parents as Winfrith, Boniface was born most likely around Exeter, in the county of Devon. As a child, he studied at Benedictine monastic schools, eventually becoming a monk himself in the course of his studies. Over the course of 30 years, he was able to live in relative tranquility while learning, teaching, and praying.
- Because his initial attempts in Frisia (now the Netherlands) had been in vain, Winfrith traveled to Rome in quest of guidance and inspiration.
- In 719, a missionary monk embarked on what would out to be a highly successful journey.
- According to legend, he once hacked down the enormous sacred tree at Geismar in order to persuade the people of Hesse that there was no spiritual power in nature, which they accepted.
- For more than 30 years, Boniface labored to reform and organize the Church, establishing a strong connection between the numerous local communities and the Vatican.
- He created the monastery of Fulda, which is currently the annual gathering location for the bishops of the Roman Catholic Church in Germany.
- His vast contact with the popes throughout the years included requests for orders, information about the numerous Christian communities, and transmitting the popes’ intentions to the people.
- In 752, he served as the pope’s messenger and crowned Pepin of the Franks as king of the Franks.
- Boniface and several dozen companions were ambushed and killed by a band of savages near the town of Dokkum in 754 as they were traveling through the area.
- He was a man of action, but he was also considerate of the sentiments of people with whom he came into touch, which was a rare combination.
Further Reading on St. Boniface
After Boniface’s death, a German priest named Willibald penned a biography of him, which was published shortly after his death. In C.H. Talbot’s edited volume, The Anglo-Saxon Missionaries in Germany, you will find a translation of this book as well as some passages from Boniface’s letters, among other things (1954).
Eleanor Shipley Duckett’s book Anglo-Saxon Saints and Scholars provides a more contemporary interpretation of his life and times (1947). There is a useful bibliography in Godfrey Kurth’s biographical studySaint Boniface(trans. 1935), which was written in German.
Additional Biography Sources
In the year 754 (about), Saint Boniface was appointed Archbishop of Mainz. The letters of Saint Boniface were published by Norton in New York in 1976 and 1940. A collection of writings about St. Boniface and the Church of Crediton, published by Paternoster Press in Exeter in 1980, is titled The Greatest Englishman. Boniface of Devon: Apostle of Germany, by John Cyril Sladden, Exeter: Paternoster Press, 1980.
Known as the Apostle of Germany for his role in the Christianization of that country, Saint Boniface, LatinBonifatius, original nameWynfridorWynfrith, (born c.675 in Wessex, England—died June 5, 754, Dokkum, France; feast day June 5) was an English missionary and reformer who was born in Wessex, England, and died in France. Boniface established the church in Germany on a stable track of unwavering piety and unquestionably honorable behaviour from that point forward. In his letters and the writings of his contemporaries, he comes out as a guy with a clear sense of purpose and determination, as well as an inventor with a strong, if not overbearing, personality.
- Following an outstanding education at the Benedictine monasteries of Adescancastre (Exeter) and Nhutscelle (Nursling, between Winchester and Southampton), he entered the Benedictine order and was consecrated to the priesthood at the age of approximately thirty.
- While in England, he was informed that his abbot had died and that he had been elected to take his place—an honor that he spurned in favor of a second chance at missionary work.
- Wynfrid’s given name was changed to Boniface by Gregory II.
- When he arrived in Hesse, he erected the first of many Benedictine monasteries, which served as a method of solidifying his mission.
- Boniface also received a compilation of canons (ecclesiastical laws) from the pope, as well as letters of endorsement from significant figures such as Charles Martel, the lord of the Frankish realm, whose protection was critical to Boniface’s advancement.
- It was in Thuringia that Boniface spent the next ten years converting pagans and restoring the faith of Christians who had previously been converted by Irish missionaries, whose haphazard techniques of evangelism would prove to be the bane of Boniface’s existence in the future.
- When Boniface demanded not only excommunication, but also solitary imprisonment for two “heretical” missionaries, Adalbert and Clement the Irishman, Pope St.
The pope avoided applying these punishments by delaying their imposition for several months.
He turned instantly to Rome, he wanted swift and uncompromising action, and he appears to have been unduly severe in his judgment at times.
The presents they gave him were a source of encouragement, as was their unwavering affection for him, which was communicated in letters that were lovely in their transparency and compassion.
As a result of Pope Gregory III’s (731–741) order to organize the church in Bavaria, Boniface erected four bishoprics in the region at the time.
Afterward, he established another see in Bavaria and three more in central Germany.
A total of five synods were held between 740 and 745 to accomplish this goal.
Even though Charles had safeguarded Boniface, he had also granted church lands to his magnates and employed the discipline of the church to subdue resistant Germanic tribes at the same time.
During his lifetime, Boniface suffered martyrdom at the hands of a band of pagan Frisians, who murdered him as he was reading the Scriptures to a group of Christian neophytes on the feast of Pentecost.
His corpse is interred in a splendid baroque sarcophagus in that location.
He had a significant impact on the development of German and French history.
He made important contributions to the improvement of the quality of life in the Frankish realm through his monasteries, which produced bishops and professors for many centuries. Consuelo Maria Aherne is a woman who works in the fashion industry.
Saints of the Romantic Road in Germany
Many tourists from the United Kingdom and Ireland are perplexed when they discover familiar names mentioned as patron saints for certain areas or as characters in the mythology surrounding the establishment of a city with which they are unfamiliar. Following the Roman retreat from Britain and Ireland, much of the tale is concerned with the preservation of Christianity in the distant regions of Scotland, Ireland, and northern England, and with the subsequent missionary activity carried out by monks and bishops in other parts of Europe.
St Kilian of Würzburg
St Kilian, who was born in Ireland in the 7th century, had a significant part in the development of Würzburg as a city, since his rediscovered remains became a popular pilgrimage destination for those visiting the city. StKilian is the patron saint of Würzburg, and the city’s cathedral, the Würzburg Cathedral, is named for him. In the middle of the 7th century, St Kilian established himself in this section of Franconia and began teaching his Christian message to the local populace. He was successful in converting the local monarch, Count Gosbert, but he went too far in interfering in his wife’s (and political) affairs.
- As a result, St Kilian informed Gosbert that he would have to separate from his former sister-in-law in accordance with Christian beliefs at the time of his conversion to Christianity.
- Official Catholic records, on the other hand, state that the Countess went insane and died, that the murderer committed suicide, and that Gosbert was afterwards murdered.
- The bones were discovered again around 70 years later.
- When the area was investigated, three bones were discovered.
- Following the miraculous recovery from blindness of a local philosopher who paid a visit to the cemetery, the spot was designated sacred, the skeletons were identified as those of the martyrs, and the three monks were elevated to the status of saints.
- The current cathedral is the third cathedral to be erected, and even this had to be rebuilt after being bombed during World War II and subsequently destroyed.
- It is also harvest time according to the local farmers’ almanac, which states that “Kilian, the holy man, marks the first days of cutting” (it rhymes in German!) marks the beginning of the harvest season.
With rides, booths, processions, and beer tents, the Kiliani-Volksfest is one of the most popular events in Franconia. The festival is held over a fortnight around St. Kilian’s Day and attracts thousands of visitors.
St Liobaof Tauberbischofsheim
In addition to St. Lioba, there were several northern European missionaries who worked among the southern German people. It is believed she was born in the 8th century in Wessex and became a devotee of St Boniface, who founded a convent inTauberbischofsheim and named her as its first abbess. As a member of the theological and political hierarchy (which was nearly completely male) of the area, Lioba was well esteemed, and he served as a counselor to both Pepin the Great and his son Charlemagne, who were rulers of the Frankish empire.
St UlrichSt Afra of Augsburg
St Afra is the most likely the earliest of the saints on this page, as her martyrdom is believed to have occurred during the later portion of the reign of the Romans (around the4th century). As a result of his refusal to participate in pagan ceremonies, Afra, a Christian resident of Augsburg, was executed by being burned at the stake on an island in the River Lech. St Ulrich was a Bishop of Augsburg in the 10th century, and he is believed to have lived much later (in fact, he led the Roman Catholic church in Germany at the time).
He died in the city in 1547.
St Magnus of Füssen
St Magnus, or – as he is more often known in Bavaria and the Tirol – St Mang, is one of the most well-known saints associated with the Romantic Road. However, outside of the popular traditions, there is virtually little that can be learned about him or his life. According to legend, he was a member of the missionary community established by Irish monks in the eastern portion of Switzerland, however this may be a mistake for another Magnus who lived earlier. In any case, he became renowned as the Apostle of the Allgäu and was instrumental in the establishment of the monastery at Füssen.
Patron Saints of Cities of Germany
- Patrons of Aachen, Germany
- Patrons of Agathaberg, Germany
- Patrons of Altena, Germany
- Patrons of Anklam, Germany
- Patrons of Aschaffenburg, Germany
- Patrons of Augsburg, Germany
- Patrons of Augusta Treverorum
- Patrons of Bad Hersfeld, Germany
- Patrons of Baden-Baden, Germany
- Patrons of Bamberg, Germany
- Patrons of Berchtesgaden, Germany
- Patrons of Berlin,
Saint of the Week: Saint Boniface, Patron Saint of Germany
The Immaculate Heart Roman Catholic Church in Windsor, Ontario, has a mosaic of St. Boniface. “data-medium-file=” data-large-file=” title=”st boniface” data-large-file=” data-medium-file=” src=” alt=” src=”” srcset=” 258w,112w” sizes=”(max-width: 258px) 100vw, 258px”> srcset=” 258w,112w” sizes=”(max-width: 258px) 100vw, 258px”> Saint Boniface mosaic in Immaculate Heart Roman Catholic Church in Windsor, Ontario. Following on from last week’s Saint of the Week, let us consider another missionary saint, St.
- The missionary endeavor of the Anglo-Saxon Church was one of the most noteworthy aspects of the church’s history.
- In addition to being a monk and hermit, Saint Cuthbert is also known for his work as a missionary.
- Among the English missionaries is St.
- He was born in Devon (where the Hoskins come from!) from a family of free, land-owning peasants, and he obtained his early education at the monasteries of Exeter and Nursling.
- When he was thirty years old, he was consecrated a priest, and the Holy Spirit utilized his knowledge of the Scriptures to bring him success in his preaching and teaching.
- If Boniface had stayed in England, he might have finished his ecclesiastical career there.
- He may have obtained a lovely, comfortable bishopric in England as a reward.
As a result, he followed his heart’s desire to serve others and crossed the border into Frisia, following in the footsteps of Sts.
His presence there was met with fierce resistance from violent pagan groups, and he was compelled to withdraw to Nursling, England.
There, he requested a specific mission for preaching from Pope Gregory II, and was assigned the states of Bavaria and Hesse.
After that, he continued on to Hesse.
Boniface was given shelter by Charles Martel, and the English monk set out to evangelize the Hesse region.
He attacked it with an axe and brought it down.
This protest, which was evocative of Elijah’s confrontation with the prophets of Baal, was crucial in the conversion of many people.
Boniface continued his missionary work in Thuringia, where he continued to preach and make disciples for the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
Boniface established followers, he also established monasteries.
This was a common method at the time, and it struck me as a particularly brilliant use of the monks, integrating them into Christ’s Kingdom-building mission and placing them on the frontlines of that mission.
When Charles Martel vanquished the Saxons of Westphalia in 738, a new mission field was opened up among the people of that region.
Boniface’s efforts were ultimately unsuccessful.
Boniface recruited more missionaries to join him, convened synods and councils among the newly-converted German Christians, and sought reform in the Church in France following the death of Charles Martel in 741, putting an end to abuses such as simony and vacant bishoprics, and establishing the Benedictine Rule as the standard for all Carolingian monasteries.
Boniface was growing on in years and decided to delegate these responsibilities to younger brains, instead relocating to Frisia, where he had began his missionary activities.
A group of enraged pagans assaulted and killed Bishop Boniface and his colleagues one day while they were waiting for several converts to arrive to the River Borne for their baptismal confirmation.
Today is the Feast of the Annunciation of the Lord.
I credit the bulk of this knowledge to David Hugh Farmer’sThe Oxford Dictionary of Saints. The thoughts and some linkages with the greater mediaeval church, however, are all mine; so is the photo.
German cathedral dusts off relics of St Corona, patron of epidemics
AACHEN, Germany (Reuters) – AACHEN, Germany is a city in the German state of Bavaria. During the current coronavirus outbreak, the Aachen Cathedral in Germany has dug up the bones of little-known Saint Corona, patron saint of those who withstand epidemics, from its treasure vault and is cleaning up her ornate shrine so that it can be shown once the epidemic has gone. As a result of the epidemic, which has been verified to have infected about half a million individuals globally, including more than 30,000 in Germany, there has been renewed public interest in the Christian martyr, who is thought to have been slain by the Romans approximately 1,800 years ago.
As a result of stringent limitations on gatherings set in order to battle the transmission of the virus, it is unclear when the public will be able to see the shrine once again.
“We have opened the shrine a little earlier than we had expected, and we anticipate more attention as a result of the illness,” said Daniela Loevenich, a spokesperson for the Aachen Cathedral.
This specific girl died in an especially agonizing manner, according to folklore.
“That is a very gruesome story, and it is because of this that she has been designated as the patron saint of lumberjacks,” said Brigitte Falk, head of the Aachen Cathedral Treasure Chamber, adding that it was entirely by chance that she was also designated as the patron saint of those who fight epidemics.
The relics were transported to Aachen by King Otto III in 997 and were preserved in a grave beneath a slab in the cathedral – which can still be seen today.
In 814, Charlemagne was laid to rest there, and it was afterwards used for the coronation of German kings and queens after that.
Corona is a Latin word that signifies crown or garland.
Reuters Television and Madeline Chambers contributed reporting, while Gareth Jones edited the piece. for -phone -onlyfor-tablet-portrait-upfor-tablet-landscape-upfor-desktop-upfor-wide-desktop-up
St. Maurice in Magdeburg (ca. 1240)
St. Maurice in the guise of a knight The statue of St. Maurice at Magdeburg Cathedral, which dates from around 1240 and is said to have been created by an unnamed sculptor who was inspired by the well-known Magdeburg Rider, may be found here. It is clear that Maurice is a black guy from the sculpted features on his face and the coloration, yet this is not some insulting caricature. He is an outstanding warrior, armed with his unique spear, which he originally held in his right hand, and he is a naturalistic and lifelike representation.
- Maurice as a black man, we witness an innovation in medieval images of blackness that defied negative preconceptions and focused instead on a Christian equality that transcended all differences in skin tone.
- Maurice was a real person, according to the hagiography, he served as the leader of the Theban Legion around the late third century CE.
- They were martyred when stationed at Agaunum (today’s St.
- The relics of St.
- Maurice in his honor, around a century later, but he was not destined to stay a figure of local reverence for much longer.
- Notable among these is that Emperor Otto I of the tenth century designated Maurice as his patron saint and protector of Magdeburg, which served as the foundation for his missionary effort in the Eastern Roman Empire.
- It was their desire that the German regions would be united with Norman possessions in southern Italy and Sicily, so expanding the spread of Christianity relative to Islam.
- 1160) that described him as the commander of a troop of “black moors,” and then in the statue depicting him as a black man in this context.
- Similarly to his father, Frederick II recognized that pictures of the range of themes found in his cosmopolitan empire were important in bolstering his authority, as had been the case for Henry VI.
- Using a black figure to represent cosmopolitanism and Christian universalism was not unique to Maurice; beyond the introduction of black figures into heraldry, it also influenced the traditions associated with the Three Kings and other black saints in various regions of Germany.
- Despite the fact that the “conventional” image of Maurice has survived to the present day, there has been a significant movement in favor of showing Maurice in “primitive” clothing.
Because of this portrayal, an emerging worldview that condoned the brutalization and exploitation of black people seemed more appropriate. Jeff Bowersox is an American actor and director.
Wikimedia Commons provides images of Terryrolf’s Statue of the Holy Mauritius and RoemkeHoekstra’s Beeld van Mauritius as well as Magdeburg Cathedral.
St. Andreas’ Day – German Culture
The feast day of Saint Andreas the Apostle, the brother of Saint Peter, is celebrated on November 30 in the evangelical, catholic, and orthodox churches worldwide. He was one of the 12 Apostles that accompanied Jesus on his journey. He had been present on the day of the Ascension. The Emperor Nero ordered his martyrdom, which is why he is commemorated on November 30, which is widely regarded the day of his martyrdom in 60 AD. Saint Andreas is claimed to have died on a diagonally transversed cross, which the Romans occasionally employed for execution, thus the name “St.
It is the first of the “Klöpfelnächte,” or “Klöpfel Nights.” “Anglöckeln,” “Klöpflgeher,” “Glöcklisinger,” “Kurrendesänger,” and “Bosseln” are all terms used to describe groups of Christmas carolers or star-singers that travel from door to door in various German locations.
It has been said that this represents the angel bringing the news of Christ’s birth to Mary; nevertheless, other accounts claim that it refers to ancient customs of driving bad spirits away with loud banging sounds.
The duration of this ritual varies greatly and can endure as long as the Feast of the Three Kings (Epiphany) (January 6).
Traditionally, the feast of St.
Suppose a girl who wishes to marry throws a shoe at a door around midnight on November 29, and the door is opened.
Alternatively, she may peel a whole apple without breaking the skin and toss the peel over her left shoulder.
As a result, the night of November 29th was the night to peek into the future and discover one’s fate, according to legend.
Christmas-Related Tales The Feast of St. Barbara The Feast of St. Lucia St. Nicholas Day is celebrated on December 6th. Martinstag (St. Martin’s Day) is celebrated on November 11th. The Feast of St. Thomas The Feast of the Three Kings and the Feast of the Epiphany