- 1 Saint Helena
- 2 St. Helena – Saints & Angels
- 3 Saint Helen – St. Helen Catholic Church
- 4 St. Helena, Our Patron Saint
- 5 Saint Helena of Constantinople
- 6 PATRON SAINT
- 7 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Helena
- 8 About this page
- 9 Saint Helena – Saints and Martyrs
- 10 Excerpt fromThe Golden Legend
- 11 7 Things to Know about Saint Helena the Empress
- 12 Saint Helena Augusta: The Patron Saint of Discovery
- 13 Saint Helena Island Info: All about St Helena, in the South Atlantic Ocean
- 14 Article:Saint Helena and the True Cross
- 15 Did St. Helena Really Discover the True Cross?
- 16 Helena’s Origin
- 17 Helena’s Marriage
- 18 Mother of an Emperor
- 19 Travels
- 20 Death
- 21 St. Helena, Empress – Information on the Saint of the Day – Vatican News
- 22 Humble origins, marriage, and the birth of Constantine
- 23 Divorce and obscurity
- 24 Augusta, mother of the Emperor, humble protector of the poor
- 25 The discovery of the True Cross
- 26 Helena of Constantinople
St. Helena, also known as Helen, (bornc.248 in Drepanon?, Bithynia, Asia Minor—diedc.328 in Nicomedia; Western feast day August 18; Eastern feast day May 21), Roman empress who was reputedly the discoverer of the Christ’s Cross (also known as the Crucifixion). The True Cross (also known as the True Crosses) is an ancient symbol of sacrifice and repentance. As Helena’s husband, the Roman emperor Constantius I Chlorus abandoned her for political reasons, and she became a widow. In 306, when her son, Constantine I the Great, became emperor, he elevated her to the position of empress dowager, and it was through his influence that she subsequently converted to Christianity.
Crispus and Fausta were Constantine’s eldest grandchild and the nominal ruler of Gaul, but they were also Crispus’ stepmother.
Fausta, on the other hand, was denounced by Helena, who was distraught, and he was hanged shortly afterwards.
Helena embarked on a trip to the Holy Land immediately following the twin tragedy.
- Quiz on the Encyclopedia Britannica History: Is it true or false?
- You’ll learn the actual story behind the invention of moveable type, who Winston Churchill referred to as “Mum,” and how and when the first sonic boom was heard.
- Helena was later given credit for the finding, which occurred later in the century.
- This version of the event was retold in Cynewulf’s 9th-century poemElene.
St. Helena – Saints & Angels
St. Helena was the mother of Emperor Constantine the Great and an Empress of the Roman Empire during the time period of the Middle Ages. Very little is known about Helena’s early life, however it is thought that she was born into a poor family in Drepanum (later known as Helenopolis) in Asia Minor and was raised as a lower-class member of Roman society at the time of her birth. Helena was regarded as a “decent stablemaid” by St. Ambrose. Helena married Constantius Chlorus despite the fact that she came from a poor family.
- Theodora, the stepdaughter of Emperor Maximinianus Herculius, was Helena’s replacement when Constantius, now co-Regent of the West, fell in love with her over two decades later in 292, when he was caught up in his increasing prominence.
- Constantine was devoted to his mother, whom he adored, and he would do everything for her.
- Following the death of Constantius in 308, Constantine ascended to the throne and recalled his mother to the inner circle of the Emperor as well as the imperial court.
- Constantine issued an edict for everyone to pay tribute to his mother.
- As a result of Helena’s son’s influence, she came to believe in Christianity.
- She was charged with discovering vestiges of Christian heritage, which she successfully accomplished.
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Over the course of her travels, Helena had a number of churches built, including one at the site of Jesus Christ’s birth – the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem – and one at the location of his ascension – the Church of Eleona on the Mount of Olives.
Emperor Hadrian ordered the construction of a temple on the place of Jesus’ death about the year 130.
Helena ordered the destruction of this temple and selected a place in this area for an excavation site.
Helena is said to have led a woman who was on the verge of dying to the crosses.
When she touched the first two crosses, nothing occurred, but when she placed her hand on the third cross, she experienced a jolt of energy and recovered.
The construction of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre was ordered by Constantine on this site.
A nail was inserted in Constantine’s helmet and another was placed in the bridle of his horse by her, in order for the nails’ miraculous abilities to be of assistance to him.
Cyprus is home to a number of relics that are claimed to have been discovered by St.
Parts of Jesus’ clothing, bits of the holy cross, and fragments of the rope that was used to bind Jesus to the cross are among the items on display.
Those items were kept in the chapel of her palace.
She was later laid to rest in the Mausoleum of Helena, which is located outside of Rome.
She was always on the lookout for people who were in need of assistance.
Despite her young age, St.
Christianity was able to continue to expand throughout the known globe as a result of her influence and efforts. On August 18, St. Helena is commemorated as the patron saint of discoveries, and her feast day is on August 18.
Saint Helen – St. Helen Catholic Church
St. Helen was the mother of St. Constantine the Great and was born in Drepanum, Asia Minor, to parents who were not wealthy. She was the daughter of parents who were not wealthy. Constantine Chiorus, the son of her marriage to Constantius Chiorus, was born in the year 274. As a result of his divorce from her in 294 and his subsequent marriage to a woman of noble birth, Constantius was able to advance his political goals. Helen was abandoned and forced to live in exile, where she suffered for many years on her own.
- Helen was elevated to the position of Empress by Constantine, who gave her the title Augusta.
- Her selflessness and kindness were well-known to all who knew her.
- The Emperor Constantine had a strong desire to locate the True Cross in 324, and so Helen, who was then 80 years old, led a party of people to the Holy Land to hunt for the Cross.
- She ordered the demolishment of the pagan temple, and in the process, the tomb of Jesus, as well as three crosses nearby, were discovered and excavated.
- One of them quickly healed her, and it was dubbed “the True Cross” after the person who did it.
- Her orders also included the purification of all places associated with the lives of the Lord and His Mother of all remnants of paganism, as well as the construction of churches in each of these locations.
- In her voyage to the holy sites, St.
- The Emperor Constantine ordered the construction of a cathedral in commemoration of the Resurrection of Christ, but St.
- She passed away in 327.
- As you can see from the various sculptures and photos of our parish patroness that we have on display, St.
St. Helena, Our Patron Saint
St. Helena’s Day is celebrated on August 18th. St. Helena was the mother of Constantine the Great, and she was born about 248 AD in Drepanum, which is today’s Turkey. She was the mother of Constantine the Great, and she was born in Drepanum, which is today’s Turkey. Constantius Chorus, who would later become co-Regent of the Western part of the Roman Empire, had to divorce Helena and marry Theodora, the step-daughter of the Emperor Maximinianus, in order for that to happen. However, her son Constantine remained faithful to her, and after the death of Constantius Chlorus, Constantine summoned his mother to the imperial court and conferred on her the title of Augusta, which she accepted.
- In the aftermath of her son’s triumph over Maxentius, she converted to Christianity and, according to Eusebius, “became a fervent servant of God.” Her influence was essential in the spreading of Christianity across the Roman Empire.
- Over the course of her visit, she had two unique churches built: one near the Grotto of Nativity in Bethlehem and another on Mount Ascension, both of which were dedicated to the Virgin Mary.
- In this period, a mythology began to circulate, which was first recounted by Rufinus, regarding how she had “discovered” the actual cross and how she had gotten hold of it.
- Helena has a dream in which she is told where the cross is hidden in some of the stories.
- However, in the version that got the greatest amount of circulation and became popular during the Middle Ages, Mary requests information from the inhabitants of Jerusalem about the location.
- After seven days, he prays to God for direction and receives a revelation of where he should go.
- Under a pagan temple, Helena discovers three crosses, nails, and the title of the book.
Her health is restored once she is touched by each of the three crosses, but she is completely cured after being touched by the True Cross.
Helena’s time, she resided in a luxurious mansion near the Lateran, and after her death, her home was demolished and the Church of the Holy Cross was constructed on the ground where she had lived.
She died in 330 AD, when she was around eighty-two years old, with her son by her side.
She was laid to rest in the Mausoleum of Helena, which is located outside of Rome on the Via Labicana.
The sarcophagus of her granddaughter, Saint Constantina, is located next to her (Saint Constance).
As the Muslims advanced on Reims, France, her remains was moved to the Abbey of Hautvillers in 849 AD, where she died. Helena is the patron saint of troubled marriages, divorcees, converts, and archaeologists, to name a few of her many titles. Her Feast Day occurs on August 18, which is a Sunday.
Saint Helena of Constantinople
Also referred to as Profile Late in life, I came to believe in Christ. Constanius Chlorus, co-regent of the western Roman empire, was the man she married. The mother of Emperor Constantine the Great. Her spouse abandoned her in favor of a second marriage with more favorable political ties. Like a result of his death, her son rose to the throne and welcomed her into the palace, treating her as royalty. She put her lofty position and fortune to good use in the service of her religious zeal, and she was instrumental in the construction of churches across the empire.
Threecrossesin326 was discovered by her and her colleagues.
Immediately after, one of them cured her, and that person was dubbed “the True Cross.” She erected a church on the site where the cross was discovered and sent sections of it to Rome and Constantinople; the Feast of the Holy Cross, which takes place on September 14, commemorates the occasion.
- C. 328 in Nicomedia, Italy, as a result of natural causes
- He was buried in the Church of Santa Maria di Aracoeli in Rome.
- In the face of fire, against thunder, archeologists in Benetutti, Italy and Birkirkara, Malta, converts, tough marriages, divorced persons, dyers, empresses in the Diocese of Helena in Montana, nail smiths, needle makers, and other craftspeople
- Woman receiving the True Cross’ location in a dream
- Queen directing a hunt for the True Cross’ location
- Queen writing a message to a messenger
- Cross in hand
- Queen holding across. lady holding a book and a little cross
- Woman holding a cross and nails
- With Constantine
Information Supplementary to the above
- A Garner of Saints, written by Allen Banks Hinds, M.A., and a Book of Saints, written by Father Lawrence, are two excellent resources. The Rev. Dr. George Lovasik, S.V.D. The Ramsgate Monks’ Book of Saints
- The Catholic Encyclopedia
- And other resources. Instructions for Goffine’s Devoutness
- The invention of the Holy Cross is the subject of a golden legend. FatherAlban Butler’s Life of the Saints: The Discovery of the Holy Cross is a must-read. Lives of the Saints: Saint Helen, Empress, byFatherAlban Butler
- Lives of the Saints, byFatherFrancis Xavier Weninger
- Meditations on the Gospels for Every Day of the Year, byFatherMédaille
- Lives of the Saints: Saint Helen, Empress, byFatherAlban Butler
- Lives of A new Catholic dictionary
- Miniature lives of the saints
- And a new Catholic dictionary Saints who are patrons of young women
- Pictorial Lives of the Saints: Saint Helena, Empress
- Pictorial Lives of the Saints: The Discovery of the True Cross
- Pictorial Lives of the Saints: Saint Helena, Empress The Martyrology of the Romans, 1914 edition
- Books include: Saints of the Day, by Katherine Rabenstein: Finding of the Holy Cross
- Saints of the Day, by Katherine Rabenstein: Saint Helena
- Short Lives of the Saints: Saint Helen, Mother of Constantine the Great, by Eleanor Cecilia Donnelly
- Short Lives of the Saints: Finding of the Holy Cross, by Eleanor Cecilia Donnelly
- Saints of the Day, by Katherine Rab
- Cynewulf’s ‘Elene,’ edited by P. O. E. Gradon
- Our Sunday Visitor’s Encyclopedia of Saints
- Cynewulf’s ‘Elene,’ edited by P. O. E. Gradon
- Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America
- Catholic Culture
- Catholic Fire
- Catholic Ireland
- Catholic Online
- Antiochian Orthodox Christian Iconography
- Encyclopedia Britannica
- Independent Catholic News
- Regina Magazine
- S9 Biographical Dictionary
- Saints for Sinners
- Society of Anglican Archbishop Justus
- Story of the Discovery of the Cross
Citation in MLA Format
- “Saint Helena of Constantinople” is a saint from Constantinople, Turkey. CatholicSaints.Info (accessed April 18, 2021). 4th of January, 2022
It is thought that Helena the Great was born in the middle of the third century and died around the year 330. She was the mother of Constantine the Great. She was born into a poor household, but after marrying the Roman Emperor, Constantius Chlorus, she ascended to tremendous power and fortune. Helena went out of her way to assist the most vulnerable and desperate people. She went to churches all around the country, bringing her religious dedication as well as significant gifts to support people who were in most need.
- The construction of Christian churches in places throughout the Roman Empire, including as Rome and Trier, is widely credited to her.
- Helena even went so far as to build churches in what the Romans named Palestine, which is now known as Israel.
- While going around Israel, she performed several nice actions and assisted a large number of people.
- According to mythology, her presence in Jerusalem marked the beginning of the discovery of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
- Constantine was with her when she died at the age of eighty, and he was there to see it.
Early in the ninth century, when reports of her life spread throughout Europe, she was canonized and declared to be a saint. J.P. KIRSCH is the source of the information. Michael C. Tinkler transcribed the material. The Seventh Edition of the Catholic Encyclopedia
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Helena
Please consider making a donation to New Advent in order to receive the complete contents of this website as an immediate download. A single purchase of $19.99 provides access to the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa Theologica, Bible, and other resources. It is possible that she was born at Drepanum (later known as Helenopolis) on the Nicomedian Gulf, in the middle of the third century, and that she passed away about 330. She was from a poor family, and St. Ambrose refers to her as astabularia, which means “innkeeper,” in his “Oratio de obitu Theodosii,” or “Oratio de obitu Theodosii.” Despite this, she was recognized as the legitimate wife of Constantius Chlorus.
- In the Middle Ages, English chroniclers claimed that Helena was the daughter of a British royal, although this claim has never been proven historically.
- Constantius, who had recently been appointed co-Regent of the Western provinces, surrendered himself to political considerations and divorced Helena in order to marry Theodora, the stepdaughter of Emperor Maximinianus Herculius, who had been his patron and well-wisher.
- Following the death of Constantius Chlorus in 308, Constantine, his son and successor, brought his mother to the imperial court, conferred on her the title of Augusta, commanded that every honor be given to her as the sovereign’s mother, and had coins made in her likeness.
- “She (his mother) became under his (Constantine’s) influence such a faithful servant of God, that one could imagine her to have been from her very youth a follower of the Redeemer of mankind,” writes Eusebius in his Vita Constantini, volume III, chapter xlvii.
Tradition associates her name with the construction of Christian churches in Western cities where the imperial court resided, most notably atRome and Trier, and there is no reason to doubt this tradition, because we know for certain through Eusebius that Helena built churches on holy sites in Palestine.
According to Eusebius(loc.
She spent her bounty and good acts on the region, and she “explored it with extraordinary intelligence” and “visited it with the care and solicitude of the emperor himself.” She then commissioned the construction of two churches for the worship of God, one near the Grotto of the Nativity in Bethlehem and the other on the Mount of the Ascension, near Jerusalem, after she had “paid proper devotion to the footsteps of the Saviour.” She also lavished lavish ornamentation on the sacred grotto, which is still there today.
- It was during this stay in Jerusalem that the beginning of the mythology about the discovery of the Cross of Christ was established, which was originally related by Rufinus.
- Her charitable efforts were focused on the underprivileged and disadvantaged in particular.
- As a result, she was able to bear bountiful fruit in both speech and deed, in accordance with the Saviour’s instruction.
- The church of S.
- ThePalatium Sessorianum, which once existed on the site of this church, and the Thermae Helenianae, which baths were named after the empress, were both discovered nearby, and both were constructed in honor of Helena.
- TheSessorium, which was close to the site of the Lateran, is said to have functioned as Helena’s house during her visits to Rome; as a result, it is probable that a Christian basilica was built on this location by Constantine at her request and in honor of the genuine Cross.
The emperor, according to Socrates’ narrative (Church HistoryI.17), renovated Drepanum, his mother’s native town, and directed that it be renamed Helenopolis in 327, it is likely that the latter returned from Palestine to her son, who was at the time resident in the Eastern Roman province of Asia.
This must have occurred about the year 330, because the last coins known to have been imprinted with her name carried the year 330 on the reverse.
In accordance with the monk Altmann’s “Translatio,” it is thought that her bones were moved to the Abbey of Hautvillers in the French Archdiocese of Reims in 849.
She was honored as a saint, and the worship of her spread throughout the world beginning in the ninth century, including Western countries. Her feast day is on the 18th of August. If you’re interested in learning more about St. Helena’s discovery of the Holy Cross, check out CROSS AND CRUCIFIX.
About this page
Citation in the APA style (1910). St. Helena is a small island off the coast of Italy. It may be found in the Catholic Encyclopedia. The Robert Appleton Company is based in New York. citation. Johann Peter Kirsch is credited with inventing the term “kirsch.” “St. Helena,” says the narrator. New York, New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 7. Transcription. By Michael C. Tinkler, this piece was transcribed for the New Advent magazine. Approval from the ecclesiastical authorities There isn’t a hindrance in sight.
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Saint Helena – Saints and Martyrs
SaintsMartyrs Helena (d. ca. 328), Empress and mother of Constantine the Great, was born into a royal family. Among Helena’s most well-known accomplishments are her pilgrimages to the Holy Land, during which she is said to have discovered the True Cross. While she became a Christian only later in life, she was a generous giver, especially to the poor. Her son, Emperor Constantine, held her in high regard because of her charitable deeds.
Excerpt fromThe Golden Legend
In this fashion, the holy cross was buried and concealed for about a hundred years and more, until the emperor’s mother, Helena, discovered it and brought it to the emperor. Helena went into Jerusalem and gathered together all of the wise men of the land, and when they were all together, they were eager to discover why they had been summoned. They were then addressed by one of the Judas, who stated, ‘I know that she will tell us where the crucifixion of Jesus Christ was put, but careful you all that none of you tell her, for I know that if she does, our law will be destroyed.’ Even though the queen had summoned them and wanted to know the location of the cross on which our Lord Jesus Christ had been crucified, they refused to tell her.
Asked her to show me Golgotha, the location where our Lord was crucified, because and to the end that we may locate the cross, she responded affirmatively.
Then she dumped him into a dry hole, where he was tormented by hunger and terrible rest for the rest of his days.
7 Things to Know about Saint Helena the Empress
Although Empress Helena is most known for giving her name to Napoleon’s exile island, she has made significant contributions to the legitimization and widespread adoption of the Christian religion throughout the world. Let’s get to know her a little bit better! 1.Saint Helena, née Flavia Iulia Helena, was born in Bithynia (modern Turkey) in 248 approximately and died in 329 circa after a long and productive life. 2.Saint Helena, née Flavia Iulia Helena, was born in Bithynia in 248 circa and died after a long and fruitful life in 329 circa.
- His Edict of Milan, issued in 313 and extending religious tolerance to the Christian religion, effectively put a stop to the Roman persecutions of Christians.
- Helena and his son, Constantine the Great, on the throne of Rome.
- Three hundred and eighty-nine years ago, her consort, Constantius Chlorus, divorced her for political reasons so that he might marry a noblewoman.
- IV.Saint Helena assisted in the spread of Christianity by providing financial assistance for the construction of various churches in locations where significant events in Christ’s life took place.
- V.She is attributed with the establishment of the True Cross, which was the cross on which Christ was crucified.
- She carried back to Rome the other relics she discovered on her trip to the Holy Land, which are currently housed at the Basilica of the Holy Cross in Jerusalem.
- SHOP RIGHT NOW The feast day of St.
- Among other things, she is the Patron Saint of misplaced items, converts, and troubled marriages, to name a few.
- Related Articles: All about the CrossCrucifix The Most Influential Catholic Women of All Time 5 types of crosses and their meanings 5 types of crosses and their meanings
Saint Helena Augusta: The Patron Saint of Discovery
The historical consensus is that Constantius Chlorus, who rose to become the Roman emperor, and Helena, who rose to become a saint, were never married; nonetheless, historians are unanimous in their belief that Constantius divorced Helena when his own fame began to rise. Saint Ambrose referred to her as a “nice stable-maid,” and some accounts claim that she worked in a bar, where she met Constantius, who was then a soldier at the time of her meeting with him. Following their divorce, she and her son, Constantine, relocated to Nicomedia, where Diocletian’s court was located.
In order to express his intense affection for his mother, Constantine had coins minted in her likeness and designated her as Augusta Imperatrix, a powerful position with a rank comparable to that of a goddess.
She was tasked by her son to locate relics of Judeo-Christian tradition. Her son was by her side when she died, which occurred about the year 330. Today, she is revered as the patron saint of scientific breakthroughs. Please do not hesitate to contact us if you have any comments or questions.
Saint Helena Island Info: All about St Helena, in the South Atlantic Ocean
|Saint HelenaShe gave our island her nameI want to be in that number, When the saints go marching in!Anon|
Why is St Helena Island named after a Christian saint, and what is the significance of this? A stained-glass window in the city of Colchester ‘Finding the cross,’ as they say. Saint Helena’s Vision (Saint Helena’s Vision): Saint Helena, also known as Saint Helena Flavia Iulia is a Romanian actress and singer. Helena Augusta was the wife of the Roman emperor Constantius Chlorus and the mother of the Roman emperor Constantine the Great. She lived from 250 until 330 AD. Following (Christian) tradition, she traveled to Syria-Palestine, where she discovered the True Cross of Jesus’ crucifixion, which she brought back to her home in the United States.
- Her place of birth is unknown at this time.
- After her death in approximately 330, her son Constantine dubbed the city ‘Helenopolis,’ which shows that at the very least he believed she was born there, according to tradition.
- She was 80 years old when she returned from Palestine, according to historian Eusebius of Caesarea, and because that voyage is believed to have taken place in 326-28, she was most likely born about 250AD.
- It is also unclear what exactly her relationship is to Constantius Chlorus.
- After her son Constantine became emperor, he designated Helena as Augusta Imperatrix, granting her unrestricted access to the imperial treasury in order to seek relics of Judeo-Christian heritage.
- In 326-28, Helena embarked on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, which included stops in Jerusalem and Bethlehem.
- After ordering the destruction of the temple, Helena began excavating, which resulted in the discovery of three distinct crosses, according to the legend.
- As a result, Helena stated that this was the genuine Cross of Jesus.
- It should be noted that, previous to 337, there was widespread belief in Jerusalem that Christ’s cross had been discovered during the construction of Constantine’s church on the site of the Crucifixion.
- For obvious reasons, she is also known as the patron saint of archaeologists.
- According to John Calvin, who lived during the Reformation, if all of the reported shards were brought together, there would be enough wood to build a big ship.
Rome’s theologians answered by asserting that the blood of Christ endowed the True Cross with a type of material indestructibility, allowing it to be split eternally without diminishing in significance. Her feast day differs depending on whatever denomination you belong to:
- ‘The Feast of the Holy Great Sovereigns Constantine and Helen, Equal to the Apostles,’ is observed on May 21 by the Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox churches, respectively. Likewise, both the Anglican and Lutheran churches observe the Eastern calendar. Her feast day is celebrated on August 18th in the Roman Catholic Church. Her feast day is celebrated in the Coptic Orthodox Church on the 9th of Pashons (about the 18th of May)
St. Helena is a British territory in the Western Hemisphere. She is commemorated at the church of the Cross. More information on Helena may be found on the Wikipedia website, including how she is credited with introducing cats to Cyprus and how British historians previously believed that she was the King of Britain’s granddaughter. This, too, has a certain air of mystery about it! da Nova is a stamp. On May 21, 1502, a Galician navigator named Jooda Nova (often wrongly spelled “Joo da Nova Castella”) was sailing in the service of King of Portugal when he found the island, according to most historical accounts.
- There are, however, a number of issues with this particular scenario.
- Protestants commemorate Saint Helena on May 21, yet they weren’t even around in 1502, when she was commemorated.
- Unfortunately, Falco does not provide a specific date for the finding, and a number of possibilities have been proposed.
- – To be clear, we consider the most likely date for the discovery of St Helena is really the 3rd of May in the year 1502.
- Anyone who celebrates the discovery of a location on the same day that it was not found must be worth further consideration.
- Is it possible that St Helena was inhabited before it was ‘discovered’? Evidence of pre-discovery “Stone Age” inhabitant(s) has been asserted
- It appears that the Portuguese attempted to keep St Helena’s discovery a secret for as long as possible. More information may be found on our page The St Helena Secret.
Article:Saint Helena and the True Cross
This ‘Faith Matters’ essay was written by Fr. Fred George, a priest in the Anglican Church of Saint Helena, and published on the 13th of September, 2012. The Eternal City on the Autumnal Equinox Tomorrow is Friday, September 14th, which is Holy Cross Day, which is being observed on a Friday this year, which is suitable. It commemorates the anniversary of the first public exposition of the wood of the Holy Cross in Jerusalem. The traveler to Rome expects to see the seven great churches, which are located across the city.
- Peter’s is the most well-known, followed by Saint John’s Lateran, Saint Lawrence’s, which is located just outside the walls of the old city, St.
- Paul’s, which is also located outside the walls of the old city, and finally the Holy Cross in Jerusalem, which is known as Santa Croce in Gerusalemme in Italian.
- The earliest church of Santa Croce, of which only a few ruins remain today, was built within the palace that was built for Saint Helena sometime after the year 326.
- It was at this location that the portion of the Cross of Christ that had been transported to Rome was kept.
- Most of the church’s ornamentation is based on the Holy Cross, Christ’s death on it, and how the Cross was discovered by Emperor Constantine’s mother, which is not surprising.
- This pair of earrings was designed by Melozzo da Forli and created in the fourteenth century.
- The chapel of the relics, which was constructed as late as 1930, is the most recent addition.
Actually, only half of the cross was transported to Rome, and little parts of it were sent to churches throughout Europe and, eventually, throughout the world.
This remains in Arabia, where it is housed in the Bishop’s Chapel at Bishopsholme, which is a pretty basic metal reliquary.
Can we be certain that these little shards of the crucifixion on which Jesus died are, in fact, pieces of the cross?
But we can be certain that it is a component of the relic at Santa Croce and that it has been there for more than a thousand years.
God’s love for the world was so great that he offered his only born Son to save it.
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Did St. Helena Really Discover the True Cross?
Constantine I’s mother, Helena, was the Roman Emperor Constantine I. According to tradition, she was canonized by both the eastern and western religions, and she was credited with discovering the “real cross.” Dates:Around 248 CE to approximately 328 CE; her birth year is determined based on a claim by the contemporaneous historianEusebius that she was approximately 80 years old at the time of her death. The feast day in the western church is August 19, and the feast day in the eastern church is May 21.
It is said by the historian Procopius that Constantine named a city in Bithynia in Asia Minor, Helenopolis, in honor of Helen’s birthplace, which indicates, but does not prove, that she was born in that location. That site has now been relocated to Turkey. Based on a medieval narrative related by Geoffrey of Monmouth, it has been suggested that Britain is where she was born. However, this is highly doubtful. Similarly, the idea that she was Jewish is highly unlikely to be accurate. Although Trier (today in Germany) was believed to be Helena’s birthplace in the 9th and 11th century biographies of Helena, this is likewise highly unlikely to be the case.
Helena came into contact with a nobleman named Constantius Chlorus, who may have been battling against Zenobia at the time. Some subsequent reports claim that they met in the United Kingdom. Historians are divided on whether or not they were married in a legal ceremony. Constantine, their son, was born around the year 272. In addition, it is unknown whether Helena and Constantius had any other children. For more than 30 years following the birth of her son, little is known about Helena’s life.
- Constantius served as Caesar in the Tetrarchy from 293 to 305, while Maximian ruled as Augustus during that same period.
- Constantius was married to Theodora, daughter of Maximian, in 289; either Helena and Constantius divorced at that point, he renounced the marriage, or they were never married.
- Constantine, Constantius’ son with Helena, was declared as Constantius’ heir in 306, when the Emperor was dying.
- The younger sons of Constantius by Theodora, however, were left out of the process, which would later become a source of controversy in the imperial succession debate.
Mother of an Emperor
With the accession of Constantine as emperor, Helena’s circumstances began to turn around, and she is once again visible in public. She was elevated to the status of “nobilissima femina,” or noble lady. She was allocated a large amount of land in and around Rome. According to some stories, notably those of Eusebius of Caesarea, a primary source of information on Constantine, Constantine persuaded his mother, Helena, to convert to Christianity about the year 312. There have been some subsequent reports that both Constantius and Helena were formerly Christians, according to various sources.
Helena got financial prizes as a result of the recognition.
The stepmother of Crispus, Constantine’s second wife, Fausta, accused him of attempting to seduce her.
Crispus was one of Fausta’s grandsons. Constantine ordered him put to death by firing squad. Constantine ordered Fausta’s execution after Helena accused him of being a spy for the Russians. Helena’s anguish, it was stated, was the driving force behind her choice to travel to the Holy Land.
Helena flew to Palestine in the year 326 or 327 to conduct an official inspection of the churches being built at the behest of her son, who had placed an order for their construction. The discovery of the True Cross (on which Jesus was crucified and which became a popular relic) is not mentioned in the earliest accounts of this journey, but Christian writers began to attribute that discovery to Helena later in the century, when she was credited by Christian writers with that discovery. In Jerusalem, she is credited for having a temple dedicated to Venus (or Jupiter) demolished and rebuilt with the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, which is where the cross is said to have been found.
In addition, she is credited with discovering nails from the crucifixion as well as a clothing worn by Jesus before his crucifixion while on her travels across the world.
Her burial at a tomb outside the Basilica of St. Peter and St. Marcellinus near Rome, which was erected on part of the properties that had been awarded to Helena before Constantine became emperor, followed her death, which is believed to have occurred at – likely – Trier in 328 or 329. As has happened with several other Christian saints, some of her bones were disinterred and distributed as relics in different parts of the world. St. Helena was a well-known saint in medieval Europe, and various tales have been spun concerning her life and death.
St. Helena, Empress – Information on the Saint of the Day – Vatican News
Musei Vaticani (Vatican Museums): St. Helena, Cretan art It was the richness of her spirit, rather than her monetary wealth and social standing, that distinguished Saint Helena’s activities, and this was true even before her conversion as a young adult. Despite the limited amount of knowledge we have about her life, the qualities of humility, charity, and loyalty to her neighbor stand out.
Humble origins, marriage, and the birth of Constantine
Helena was most likely born around the middle of the third century in the town of Drepanum in Asia Minor, according to historical evidence. Later, once her son had been elevated to the position of Emperor, the town was renamed Helenopolis in her honor. According to St Anselm, she was employed as a stable maid when she was a young lady. Helena’s modesty and goodness drew the attention of a young Roman official, Constantius Chlorus, who decided to marry her despite the fact that they were from different social classes.
Divorce and obscurity
Constantius proceeded to climb through the ranks of the Roman military, finally earning the title of “Caesar” under the governmental system known as the Tetrarchy, which was in place under the co-emperors Diocletian and Maximian at the time of his death. At that point, he was compelled to divorce Helena and marry Maximian’s daughter, due to political considerations.
Helena, who lived thousands of miles away from her family and from the boy she had nurtured with care and love, never gave up hope. She stayed in the background while her son ascended through the ranks of the court of Diocletian to a position of prominence.
Augusta, mother of the Emperor, humble protector of the poor
In 305, Constantius Chorus was elevated to the position of Augustus (senior emperor), and Constantine accompanied him to Britain, where he participated in the fight against the Picts. When his father died unexpectedly in York, Constantine was proclaimed emperor by the army that had accompanied him there. His mother Helena was one of the new emperor’s first acts, and he bestowed the honorary title of Augusta upon her as one of his first acts. Helena became a Christian shortly after her son was elevated to the throne of the United Kingdom.
This was perhaps the source of inspiration for Emperor Constantine, who in 313 proclaimed the Edict of Milan, which permitted Christians to worship freely.
The discovery of the True Cross
Constantine’s rule, on the other hand, was not without its difficulties. During this period, he also ordered the execution of his son Crispus and, a short time later, the death of his second wife Fausta. In the midst of this familial sorrow, Helena retained her faith, and in the year 326, she launched a trip to the Holy Land. On the Mount of Olives, she oversaw building of the Basilicas of the Nativity, which are located in Bethlehem, and the Ascension, which are located in Jerusalem. A Basilica was built over the spots where Jesus had died and risen from the dead as a result of her influence on her son.
- Helena was in charge of the project, which she thought would lead to the discovery of relics from Christ’s Passion.
- The identification of the Cross was proved when a dead man lay on the wood was miraculously returned to life.
- One was included into the Iron Crown as a reminder that no rule should be exempt from the will of God; the Crown is presently housed at the Cathedral of Monza, in Italy, as a reminder of this.
- Sadly, Helena passed away in the year 329 at an undisclosed place.
- Her porphyry tomb, which was transported to the Lateran in the eleventh century, may today be viewed at the Vatican Museums.
In terms of iconography, she is connected with the Cross of Christ. She was chosen to be one of the pilasters that support the vast dome of St. Peter’s, with Saints Andrew, Veronica, and Longinus, among other saints.
Helena of Constantinople
On the other hand, Constantine’s rule was not without its challenges. During this period, he also ordered the execution of his son Crispus and, a short time later, the death of his second wife, Fausta. Helena remained strong in the face of her family’s sorrow, and in the year 326, she embarked on a journey to the Holy Land, which she completed in 327. On the Mount of Olives, she oversaw building of the Basilicas of the Nativity, which are located in Bethlehem, and the Ascension, which is located in Jerusalem.
Following the deconstruction of the pagan structures that had been constructed on the site, the building of the Basilica was begun by the workmen.
When the True Cross was located, she was able to rejoice.
During the Crucifixion, Helena presented Constantine with three nails from the cross.
They are now housed at the Roman Basilica of the Holy Cross in Jerusalem, together with other priceless relics from the Crucifixion.
An unknown spot was chosen as Helena’s last resting place in the year 329.
Currently, the Vatican Museums house her porphyry tomb, which was transferred from its original location in the Lateran in the eleventh century.
The Cross is the iconographic representation of her.
Peter’s, alongside Saints Andrew, Veronica, and Longinus.