- 1 Saint Barbara
- 2 Who was Saint Barbara? — St. Barbara Orthodox Church
- 3 St. Barbara – Saints & Angels
- 4 Legend of Saint Barbara – United States Field Artillery Association
- 5 About St. Barbara – Patron Saint Article
- 6 Celebrate the Feast of Saint Barbara or Santa Barbara
- 7 Feast of Santa Barbara
- 8 Santa Barbara
- 9 Symbols of Santa Barbara
- 10 Syncretization with Changó
- 11 The Legend of Saint Barbara: Patron Saint of Miners
- 12 Saint Barbara
- 13 St. Barbara Greek Orthodox Church
- 14 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Barbara
- 15 Sources
- 16 About this page
Home PhilosophyReligion Personages associated with religion ScholarsSaintsPopes St. Barbara (died c.200ce; feast day December 4) is a fabled virgin martyr of the early church who is commemorated on December 4. Invoked during thunderstorms and as the patron saint of artillerymen and miners, she is one of the 14 Auxiliary Saints (Holy Helpers) venerated by the Catholic Church. In 1969, Barbara was removed from the General Roman Calendar because to serious doubts about her historical legitimacy and the likelihood that her tale is based on fact.
However, this legend dates only as far back as the 7th century.
After carrying out the execution personally, Dioscorus was hit by lightning and burnt to ashes as he returned home to his family.
The overall length is 127cm.
The Cloisters Collection, The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, was established in 1955.
Although the original Greek tales of her martyrdom have been lost, Syriac, Latin, and other versions of her story have survived.
Melissa Petruzzello was the author of the most recent revision and update to this article.
Who was Saint Barbara? — St. Barbara Orthodox Church
The Martyrdom of the Most Holy Great Martyr Maximian was the emperor throughout Barbara’s lifetime, and she suffered greatly during his reign (305-311). He was a wealthy and well-known businessman in the Syrian city of Heliopolis, and she inherited his wealth and prominence. Following the loss of his wife, he devoted his time and energy to his one and only daughter. When Dioscorus noticed Barbara’s remarkable beauty, he made the decision to keep her hidden from the prying eyes of outsiders. As a result, he constructed a tower for Barbara, from which only her pagan tutors were permitted to view her.
- Daytime views included forested hills, rapidly flowing rivers, and meadows carpeted with an array of colorful flowers; at night, the harmonious and magnificent vault of the skies twinkled, illuminating a display of indescribable beauty for her eyes to take in.
- She gradually came to the conclusion that the lifeless idols were nothing more than the labor of human hands.
- Barbara’s longing to know the true God filled her spirit to such an extent that she made the decision to devote her entire life to this pursuit and to live her remaining years as a virgin.
- But, despite her father’s entreaties, she turned down each and every one of them.
- Dioscorus came to the conclusion that his daughter’s temperament had been impacted by her life of solitude in the mountains.
- In this way, Barbara came into contact with young Christian maidens in the city, who taught her about the Creator of the universe, about the Trinity, and about the Divine Logos, among other things.
- He baptized Barbara after teaching her in the secrets of the Christian faith and then went to his home country.
His directions were followed, and the workers began preparing to install two windows on the south side of the building.
One of the walls of the bathhouse was marked with a cross, which Barbara drew with her index finger.
Her footsteps were later found imprinted on the stone stairs of the bathhouse, which was later discovered.
When Dioscorus returned and expressed dissatisfaction with the change in his building plans, his daughter shared with him how she had come to know the Triune God, about the saving power of the Son of God, and about the futility of worshipping idols.
Angry, Dioscorus snatched a sword from her grasp and was on the verge of slashing her with it.
His path was barred by a hill, which opened up and hid the saint in a crack beneath the surface of the earth.
When St Barbara was able to conceal herself in a cave on the opposite side of the hill, she was victorious.
His guide led him to the cave where the saint had holed up for the night.
Eventually, he turned her over to the prefect of the city, Martianus, for safekeeping.
Barbara: they hit her with rawhide and massaged her wounds with a hair towel, all in an attempt to deepen her suffering.
Barbara continued her passionate prayers to her Heavenly Husband, when the Savior Himself arrived and healed her wounds.
Juliana, a pious Christian woman from Heliopolis who lived in the throng where the martyr was tortured, was among those there.
Juliana wished to suffer for the sake of Christ as well.
Both martyrs were subjected to severe torture for an extended period of time.
Because of the prayers of St.
Then the persistent confessors of Christ, Ss.
The anger of God was swift in punishing both Martianus and Dioscorus, who were both torturers.
Constantinople was the site of the transfer of the relics of the saintly Great Martyr Barbara during the sixth century.
These relics are still on display at Kiev’s St Vladimir church, where an Akathist to the saint is held every Tuesday morning.
Barbara that those who remembered her and her sufferings would be preserved from a sudden, unexpected death and would not depart this life without benefit of the Holy Mysteries of Christ, many pious Orthodox Christians make it a daily habit to chant the troparion of St.
Barbara. The feast day of St. Barbara is celebrated on December 4. This information was obtained from the Office of Catholic Apologetics (OCA) website, which has a database of feast days and saints’ lives.
St. Barbara – Saints & Angels
Martyrdom of the Great Saint When Emperor Maximian reigned over Rome, Barbara lived and suffered under his rule (305-311). He was a wealthy and well-known businessman in the Syrian city of Heliopolis, and her father was a pagan god. Following the loss of his wife, he devoted his time and energy to his one and only child. Dioscorus was taken aback by Barbara’s exceptional beauty and wanted to keep her hidden from the prying eyes of outsiders. To protect Barbara from being seen by anybody other than her pagan instructors, he constructed a tower for her.
- By day, she could take in the views of the forested hills, the rapidly running rivers, and the meadows blanketed in a speckled carpet of flowers; by night, the harmonious and magnificent vault of the skies twinkled and gave a show of incomparable beauty.
- She gradually came to the conclusion that the lifeless idols were nothing more than the labor of human hands, and that she was correct.
- Barbara’s yearning to know the genuine God filled her spirit to such an extent that she made the decision to devote her entire life to achieving this objective, as well as to live her remaining days as a virgin.
- All of them, however, she declined to accept, despite her father’s urgings.
- Because of her solitude, Dioscorus determined that his daughter’s disposition had been influenced.
- As a result, Barbara encountered young Christian maidens in the city, who educated her on the Creator of the universe, the Trinity, and the Divine Logos, among other subjects.
- In the end, he baptized Barbara after teaching her in the secrets of the Christian faith and then departed to his own nation.
Two windows on the south side of the building were being installed under his direction.
Barbara used her index finger to draw a cross on one of the walls of the bath-house.
Her footprints were later found engraved on the stone stairs of the bathhouse, which she had built herself.
Saint Simeon Metaphrastes (November 9) linked the bathhouse to the Jordan River and the Pool of Siloam, noting that numerous miracles occurred there as a result of the might of God.
Angry, Dioscorus drew his sword and was about to strike her with it when she stepped back.
It became impossible for him to proceed because a mound crumbled and revealed the saint, who was hidden in a fissure.
St Barbara was able to shelter herself in a cave on the other side of the hill at that point.
His guide led him to the cave where the saint had taken refuge.
And at long last, he gave her up to Martianus – the prefect of the city.
In the middle of the night, St.
Then they exposed the saint to even more horrible torments, which he had never experienced before.
Her sympathies were overflowing for the lovely and renowned young lady who had chosen to be a martyr for the greater good.
Her captors apprehended her as she started screaming at them in a loud voice.
A hook was driven into their bodies, and they were stripped nude and paraded through the streets of the city, amidst laughter and jeers, before being beheaded.
Barbara’s intercession, the Lord sent an angel to cover the holy martyrs’ nakedness with a magnificent gown, which they gratefully accepted.
Barbara and Juliana, who had stood firm as Christ’s confessors, were killed.
Barbara was put to death by Dioscorus himself!
A bolt of lightning struck them and they died as a result.
Six hundred years later, on July 11, they were transported to Kiev by Barbara, the daughter of the Byzantine Emperor Alexius Comnenos, who had married the Russian prince Michael Izyaslavich at the time of their relocation.
Many pious Orthodox Christians are in the habit of chanting the troparion of St.
The Feast of St. Barbara is celebrated on December 4 every year. This information was obtained from the Office of Catholic Apologetics (OCA) website, which includes a directory of feast days and saints’ lives.
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- Help Now When her mother was out traveling the world, Barbara’s father had a private bathhouse constructed for her.
- Barbara’s bathhouse was transformed into a site of great healing power, and many miracles took happened there.
- Simeon Metaphrastes likened it to a river flowing through Jordan.
- Angry, her father snatched his sword and charged at her, striking her in the face.
- Her father tried to catch up with her, but he came to an abrupt halt when a hill barred his path.
- It took him hours and hours and hours to find his daughter, but he was unsuccessful.
Barbara was misled by the second, who rejected the first’s allegations.
Her father, Dioscorus, abused his daughter, imprisoned her, and starved her to death.
They continued to beat and abuse her as a group, but Barbara refused to abandon her Christian beliefs.
This just fueled Martianus’ efforts to persuade her to forsake the Lord and her Christian beliefs even further.
With rakes and hooks, Barbara and another devout Christian woman called Juliana were beaten and then paraded through the streets of the city in their underwear.
When they got close to her, Barbara bolted out the door.
Her martyrdom took place on the 4th of December.
The relics of St.
Six hundred years later, they were brought to Kiev by the daughter of the Byzantine Emperor Alexius Comnenos, who had arranged for their transportation.
Barbara, she was removed from the General Roman Calendar, although she was not removed from the Catholic Church’s listing of saints.
She is the patroness of armourers, artillerymen, architects, mathematicians, miners, and the Italian Navy, among other professions and institutions.
Barbara is honored because it is thought that her intercession is particularly useful in the treatment of ailments.
Barbara is frequently invoked as a protection against lightning and fire, and she is typically associated with explosions. Her feast day is commemorated on the 4th of December each year.
Legend of Saint Barbara – United States Field Artillery Association
Tradition holds that the lovely daughter of Dioscorus, a nobleman of the Roman Empire, who resided in Nicomedia, Asia Minor, around the third or fourth centuries A.D., is our patron saint, and she was named after her father, Dioscorus. Because of Barbara’s exceptional beauty, her father kept her locked up in a tower, fearing that she would be wanted in marriage and taken away from him. He also did this to limit Barbara’s exposure to Christianity and foster her growth as a devoted pagan, among other reasons.
- She gazed out her window at the surrounding countryside and marveled at the variety of living creatures she could see.
- She got Christian education and was baptized as a result of this experience.
- Only two windows were to be used to provide illumination for the baths.
- When Dioscorus returned, he inquired as to the reason for Barbara’s conversion, to which she responded affirmatively.
- She was hauled before the local prefect, who ordered her murder, when Dioscorus erupted in a frenzy.
- After that, while he was descending the mountain, he was caught in a sudden and strong storm, was hit by lightning, and died as a result of his injuries.
- Consequently, Barbara came to be revered as the patroness of individuals who were in risk of dying suddenly due to thunderstorms, fire, or explosion, as well as those who were in danger of dying suddenly.
Since then, she has provided excellent protection for us.
Since then, she has gained widespread recognition in both the East and the West.
The Ballad of Saint Barbara, written by G.K.
Saint Barbara, patroness of artillerymen, was honored as one of the Holy Helpers, along with the other thirteen saints.
In a fire at Gorkum, a man by the name of Henry Kock came dangerously close to death.
In most depictions of Saint Barbara, she is seen standing next to a tower with three windows and holding a palm of a martyr in her hand.
She is frequently shown standing next to a cannon or carrying a chalice and communion wafer in her hands. The Feast of Saint Barbara is celebrated on the 4th of December according to contemporary calendars.
About St. Barbara – Patron Saint Article
Wilhelm von Schadow’s painting of Saint Barbara, completed in 1844. Following the persecutions of Diocletian, which began in 303AD and continued until 313AD, there was a last and most severe round of persecutions in the Roman Empire. Many stories of martyrs who were devoted to Jesus Christ have been passed down over the centuries through the tradition of the Church. Stories about St. Barbara, a virgin and a martyr, are included in this collection. Her name does not occur in the earliest annals of Christian martyrs, and it is not until the seventh century that she is first commemorated in this way.
- Barbara was kept in seclusion by her father, Dioscorus, who wished to prevent her from becoming corrupted by the outer world.
- In order to accommodate her when he was gone on business, Dioscorus had a special bath house erected for her.
- When Dioscorus returned from his travels, he was furious to discover that Barbara was a practicing Christian.
- In his rage, Dioscorus murdered his own daughter, Iphigenia.
- In addition to St.
- Valentinus, a Christian man, was in charge of burying their remains.
- Following the narrative of St.
She was then designated as the patroness of artillerymen and miners, among other things.
Barbara’s adoration endured.
He had a deep devotion to St.
As a result, St.
The feast day of St.
When she is shown in art, she is typically seen standing next to a tower with three windows and holding the palm of a martyr in her hand, among other things.
Shop St. Barbara Medals and Rosaries
The Sacred Card of Saint Barbara
Celebrate the Feast of Saint Barbara or Santa Barbara
Santa Barbara was a mythological Greek saint and martyr who lived in the fifth century BCE.
She has a really fantastical backstory. Despite the fact that she is no longer officially acknowledged by the Church, Santa Barbara is syncretized with Changó in Santera, and the people of the Caribbean adore her.
Feast of Santa Barbara
In remembrance of the customary day on which she was murdered by her father, her feast day is celebrated on December 4. The next feast will take place on Sunday, December 4, 2022.
In addition, she is the patron saint of persons who are involved with firearms and explosives in their jobs. Armourers, artillery, engineers, and miners are all swooning over her beauty. Saint Barbara, according to mythology, was a historical person who lived around the third century. She was the daughter of a wealthy paganism family. Because she was still a virgin, her father kept her locked up in a tower to protect her. She converted to Christianity in secret and refused to comply with her father’s wishes that she marry.
- She had three windows built in it to symbolise the Holy Trinity, which she believed was appropriate.
- Her father was about to execute her, but prayers were able to transfer her past the tower wall and into the mountains.
- He tormented her and imprisoned her, but Saint Barbara remained firm in her beliefs.
- Her wounds would heal in a matter of hours.
- After a while, her father decided to cut off her head.
- There are a plethora of such bizarre tales.
- Despite the fact that we do not know why, the California Mission of Santa Barbara, as well as the city that sprang up around it, are both named after her.
Symbols of Santa Barbara
The three-windowed tower or bathhouse where Saint Barbara was imprisoned is probably the easiest way to identify the location. Symbols of her martyrdom include miniature chains and lightning bolts, palms, a chalice, and a crown of martyrdom, among other things.
Syncretization with Changó
Santa Barbara is a well-known tourist destination in Puerto Rico. Because of the strongholds in Old San Juan, I initially assumed it was a result of this. It’s actually because the adherents of the Yoruba religion (known to the Spaniards as Santera) combined Changó, the orisha (saint or angel) of thunder and lightning, with her. If you remember when Ismael Miranda performed with Larry Harlow’s orchestra in Abran Paso (Make Way for Tomorrow, 1972),. Abran paso translates as “make way.” Things that are good, open the door for me, Mama.
In 1971, Miranda was performing with the Orquesta Harlow in the Bronx, and you can see her in action. Take note of how the Salsa dancing is quite round in the Caribbean style.
The Legend of Saint Barbara: Patron Saint of Miners
On the island of Puerto Rico, Santa Barbara is well-liked. To begin with, I assumed it was due of the castles in Old San Juan. What caused this is that Yoruba believers (known to Spaniards as Santera) merged Changó, the orisha (saint or angel) of thunder and lightning, with her. It was in Abran Paso (1972) when Ismael Miranda performed with Larry Harlow’s orchestra. Make room for me, please. Good things, Mamá, please open the door for me. That I come in hot and ready with Santa Barbara by my side with Saint Barbara by my side with her cepa and her espada with her might and her sword to aliviarle de todo mal to relieve you of all evil.
In 1971, Miranda was performing with the Orquesta Harlow in the Bronx, and you can see her in action on YouTube.
Saint Barbara is the patron saint of miners. She is among the 14 Holy Helpers of the Roman Catholic Church, the “Patron of Good Death.”
Saint Barbara is most likely a representation of the miners’ need for light, which has been translated from Christian tradition. The fact that the Feast of Saint Barbara is observed in both Catholic and non-Catholic communities suggests that it originated before the Reformation. In spite of the criticism of the adoration of saints in Protestant communities, St. Barbara has managed to maintain her status there as well.
ST. BARBARA DAY
The feast day of St. Barbara is celebrated on December 4th. The tradition of the “Barbara branch” has been maintained in numerous families throughout our country. On this day, cherry tree sprigs are cut and put in a vase filled with water near a window to catch the morning sun. These branches flower exactly at the time of Christmas, after 21 days. For more than a century in the Westerwald, the Barbara sprigs were revered as both a symbol of Christmas and a Christmas ornament, long before the term “Christmas tree” was coined.
Barbara altars and windows may be seen in practically all of the churches in mining villages across the world.
THE CHRISTIAN LEGEND
Barbara, according to Christian tradition, lived towards the end of the 3rd century AD in Nicomedia, which is now known as Izmit in Turkey, and was the daughter of a wealthy, pagan merchant named Dioscuros. Barbara was married to Dioscuros and had a son named Dioscuros. Despite her father’s objections, the attractive young lady decided to convert to Christianity and was baptized. Barbara was imprisoned in the tower by Dioscuros because he was furious that she had pledged her allegiance to the new religion, which he despised and admired at the same time.
- Both her imprisonment and the sanctions she received from her father were ineffective in convincing her to change her mind; on the contrary, they only served to reinforce her commitment to Christianity.
- This is how Mary came to be known as the patron saint of mine workers.
- Her own father beheaded her, but he was immediately struck by a bolt of lightning that killed him.
So on December 4th, a sombre mood prevails in front of the Copper Plate “Erbstollen” (copper plate drainage tunnels), as people express gratitude for the accident-free mining year that has passed and pray once more for continued protection.
Barbara shrines may be found in the Germanmines Schacht Konrad (on the left) and Schacht Asse II (on the right) (right). Saint Barbara was elevated to the status of patron saint of artillerymen. As a result, she has historically been regarded as the patroness of armourers, military engineers, gunsmiths, miners, and anybody else who dealt with cannons and explosives. She is invoked in the event of thunder and lightning, as well as in the event of any mishaps resulting from gunpowder blasts. Catholics who labor in environments where they are at risk of sudden and violent death have a special devotion to her.
To prevent an unexpected explosion from occurring on the ship or castle, it was common to place a statue of Saint Barbara at the magazine’s entrance.
Armed forces around the world commemorate Saint Barbara’s Day on December 4, including the United Kingdom (Royal Artillery, Royal Engineers), Australia (Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery, Royal Australian Air Force Armourers), Canada (Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technicians (EOD), Canadian Army Armourers, Royal Canadian Artillery, Canadian Military Field Engineers, Royal Canadian Navy Weapons Engineering Technicians), and New Zealand (RNZAF Armourers, Royal New Additionally, Irish Defence Forces Artillery Regiments, the Norwegian Armed Forces Artillery Battalion, the United States Army and Marine Corps Field and Air Defense Artillery, several Marine Corps Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technicians, and other artillery groups participate in the commemoration.
- Church parades, sports days, guest evenings, cocktail parties, dinners, and other activities are organized by the units and sub-units to commemorate the occasion.
- The West Australian Mining Club commemorates St Barbara’s Day each year and uses the occasion to honor individuals who have died while working in the mining sector during the course of the year.
- The Norwich University Independent Battery hosts a celebration of Santa Barbara Night each year.
- The celebrations in honor of the saint are held in artillery camps throughout the two nations, when troops and guests are treated to the traditional sweet of loukoumades, which is said to be shaped like cannonballs because it is similar to them.
- Saint Barbara is also the patron saint of the Greek Orthodox Church in the United States.
- In her honor, parades, liturgies, banquets, and other events are organized throughout the year.
- Sebastián Vizcaino survived a violent storm just offshore on the eve of her feast day in 1602 and had her Franciscan mission dedicated to her in 1603.
The Russian Orthodox Church, which includes a church near Saint Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow and a church in Yaroslavl, is dedicated in her honor.
When it comes to Afro-Brazilian religions such as Candomblé and Umbanda, she is commonly referred to as Yansan, the orisha of wind and storms.
(which is December 4 in the old style calendar).
Macedonia commemorates Saint Barbara’s Day on December 17th with the celebration known as aрвара (Varvara).
In Australia’s mining town of Kalgoorlie, where she is venerated as the patron saint of miners, she is honored with a parade on St.
For centuries, she has been venerated as patron saint of the Irish Artillery Corps.
Due to the fact that Saint Barbara is the patron saint of miners in the Czech Republic, a statue of her is placed near the future tunnel portal portal during the groundbreaking ceremony of most major tunneling projects, including those in the country.
The celebration has a few similarities to the American holiday of Halloween.
It is believed that a cave shrine dedicated to Saint Barbara (Kuys Varvara) can be found on the slopes of Mount Ara in Armenia, and that lit candles and flower garlands are used as offerings.
THE ORDER OF SAINT BARBARA
Medallion of the Order of Saint Barbara The Order of Saint Barbara is maintained as an honorary military organization of the United States Army Field Artillery and the United States Army Air Defense Artillery by the United States Army Field Artillery Association and the United States Army Air Defense Artillery Association, respectively. Eligibility for membership is open to members of both the United States Army and the United States Marine Corps as well as their respective military and civilian supporters.
- Long-term exceptional service in the Field Artillery or Air Defense Artillery earns the recipient the Honorable Order of St.
- Applicants for appointment to the Honorable Order must be authorized by either the seniormost lieutenant-colonel or the first colonel in the chain of command.
- It is only by long-term, great service to the field artillery that those nominated for this distinction have proven themselves to be superior to even their own colleagues in the Honorable Order of Saint Barbara.
- She is also the patron saint of the Royal Artillery of the British Army, and her feast day is observed every December.
IN MODERN POPULAR CULTURE
Medallion of the Order of St. Barbara. The Order of Saint Barbara is maintained by the United States Army Field Artillery Association and the United States Army Air Defense Artillery Association as an honorary military organization of the United States Army Field Artillery and the United States Army Air Defense Artillery, respectively. Eligibility for membership is open to members of both the United States Army and the United States Marine Corps as well as their respective military and civilian allies.
Long-term exceptional service in the Field Artillery or Air Defense Artillery earns the recipient the Honorable Order of St.
In the chain of command, appointment to the Honorable Order may be authorized by the first colonel or the seniormost lieutenant-colonel, whichever is higher.
It is only by long-term, great service to the field artillery that those nominated for this distinction have proven themselves to be superior to even their own colleagues in the Honorable Order of St Barbara.
United States Army Fires Center of Excellence at Fort Sill must provide his approval before the Ancient Order may be implemented. Every year in December, she is commemorated as the patron saint of the Royal Artillery (British Army).
Also referred to as
- Fourth of December
- Originally sixteenth of December
- Restricted to local calendars in 1969
Profile A lovely woman is imprisoned in a hightower by her father, Dioscorus, for disobedience to his commands. While there, she received instruction from philosophers, orators, and poets. She gained critical thinking skills from them and came to the conclusion that polytheism was absurd. She became a Christian as a result of the efforts of Origen and Valentinian. Her father denounced her to the local authorities because of her religious beliefs, and the authorities ordered him to murder her.
- He was hit by lightning, or, according to other accounts, by fire from heaven, shortly afterward.
- Because of the lightning that avenged her death, people began to petition her for protection from fire and lightning, as well as for her sponsorship of firefighting organizations, among other things.
- One of the Fourteen Saintly Assisters.
- Her father was beheaded at Nicomedia in c. 235 during the persecution of Maximinus of Thrace
- Some relics can be found in Burano, Italy
- Some relics can be found in theCathedralof Saint Vladimir, Kiev, Ukraine
- Some relics can be found in theChurchof Saint Blaise, Vodnjan, Grad Vodnjan, Istarska, Croatia
- And some relics can be found in theCathedralof
- 235 at Nicomedia during the persecution of Maximinus of Thrace
- Some relics can be found in Burano, Italy
- Some relics can be found in theCathedralof Saint Vladimir, Kiev, Ukraine
- Some relics can be found in theChurchofSaintBlaise, Vodnjan, Grad Vodnjan, Istarska, Croatia
- And some relics can be found in theCathedralof Saint Vladimir, Kiev, Ukraine.
- Engineer Caldas
- Santa Bárbara do Leste
- Santa Bárbara do Monte Verde
- Santa Bárbara do Tugrio
- The families of Amaroni, Barbara, Colleferro, Montecatini Terme, Paterno, and Rieti
- A Garner of Saints, written by Allen Banks Hinds, M.A., and a Book of Saints, written by Father Lawrence, are two excellent resources. The Rev. Dr. George Lovasik, S.V.D. The Ramsgate Monks’ Book of Saints
- The Catholic Encyclopedia
- The Encyclopedia Britannica
- And other sources. Legendary status
- Father Bonaventure Hammer’s Legends of the Fourteen Holy Helpers is a work of fiction. FatherAlban Butler’s Lives of the Saints is a must-read. Father Francis Xavier Weninger’s Lives of the Saints is a must-read. A new Catholic dictionary is being published. Lives of the Saints depicted in pictures
- The Martyrology of the Romans, 1914 edition
- Brief Biographies of the Saints, written by Eleanor Cecilia Donnelly
- Father Prosper Gueranger’s The Liturgical Year, as well as other books
- Iconography of the Christian faith
- Defense Video and Imagery Delivery System
- Find A Grave
- Find A Grave
- John Dillon
- Larry Peterson
- Olga’s Gallery
- Patron Saints and Their Feast Days, by the AustralianCatholic Truth Society
- Saint Charles Parish, Boutte, Louisiana
- Saint Peter’s Basilica Information
- Saints for Sinners
- Patron Saints and Their Feast Days, by the AustralianCatholic Truth Society
- Martirologio Romano, 2005 edition
- Cathopedia (Cathopedia) Santi e Beati
- Santo del Giorno
- Santi e Beati
Citation in MLA Format
- CatholicSaints.Info (accessed April 26, 2021). “Saint Barbara.” 7th of January, 2022
St. Barbara Greek Orthodox Church
There are several instances of persons who have committed their life to God throughout the history of our Church. Their experiences are all unique and range tremendously, yet one thread that runs through them all is their devotion to the Almighty. Because of their religious convictions, they were subjected to lashing, stoning, and other types of torture. Some were killed and given to lions, while others were decapitated by a firing squad. They remained solid and brave even when confronted with great pressure to renounce Christ, even to the point of death.
- She was a handsome and pleasant young lady, the daughter of Dioscorus, a rich lord who was also a heathen.
- In his effort to protect his little daughter, Dioscorus constructed a lovely tower for her to reside in, ensuring that she would be secure at all times.
- He, on the other hand, prevented her from having friends or even speaking to anybody else without his consent.
- He believed that by isolating her from the rest of society, she would be more likely to stay a pagan worshipper.
- Dioscorus made the decision to construct a bathhouse for Barbara close to her tower the day before he was to go on one of his numerous business travels.
- Dioscorus’ business, on the other hand, kept him gone for such a lengthy period of time that the workmen were more than halfway through construction of the bathhouse when there was still no sign of his return.
- Barbara had come to know the One God in Trinity as a result of examining the reflection of God in nature, and as a result of moving away from worldly pursuits, she had a deep love for Christ in her heart.
A third window was added after she noticed that the room only had two windows.
The workmen were apprehensive about deviating from the plans because they remembered Dioscorus’ strict directions.
The workers, who were well aware of Dioscorus’s affection for his only daughter, consented and added a third window to the bathhouse as a result.
She then retreated to her tower, where she remained for the rest of the day, praying and fasting.
The enormous cross etched into the marble wall of the bathhouse drew his attention as he entered to conduct a more thorough inspection.
He went straight to the workmen and demanded to know who had given them permission to make these improvements to the bathhouse.
The craftsmen, who were scared in the face of such rage, responded by saying that Barbara had commanded them to build the third window and had then drawn the cross on the marble wall herself with her finger.
Dioscorus was furious.
Barbara then went on to express her belief in the Holy Trinity, which was received with enthusiasm.
His attempt to keep his daughter in the dark had failed miserably.
She was able to meet with a group of Christians who shared their knowledge of Christ and His teachings with her in secret.
Dioscorus was blinded by his rage when he surrendered Barbara to Marcian, the Roman prefect, who tortured her until she confessed her faith in Christ.
The troops splashed vinegar into her wounds in order to exacerbate her anguish and suffering even more severely.
She was then placed into a dark dungeon and told to report back the next day, which she did.
Her heart was filled with heavenly delight as she prayed, and her wounds were miraculously and fully healed as a result of her prayers.
After seeing Barbara’s miraculous recovery, Juliana expressed gratitude to God and pledged to suffer whatever horrific tortures she would have to undergo as a result of her faith.
He was taken aback by the fact that her wounds were healed, and he insisted that she abandon her Christian religion.
They then burnt her wounds with hot irons and struck her in the head with sharpened clubs, which she survived.
Juliana observed Barbara’s torturous treatment and grieved loudly since she was unable to save her.
In the meantime, the young girls stood about praying and reciting hymns as the horrifying beatings resumed and went on for several hours.
The punishment was delivered by Marcian, and when Dioscorus, who was standing by and observing his daughter’s torment, heard it, he volunteered to slay Barbara himself with his own sword.
Just as the two men were about to dash down the slope, a massive bolt of lightning from heaven struck them both, killing Dioscorus instantly.
Upon hearing of these happenings, the cowardly Marcian became immobilized by terror to the point of death from his horror.
Please, O Lord, have mercy on us by her intercessions.
Fourth Tone Apolytikion (Apolytikion in the Fourth Tone) Let us give Barbara the highest accolade she deserves.
Hymns from Saint Barbara’s Paraklesis Service, sung by the choir In addition to being the Savior’s most renowned prize-winning Martyr, you are also our ally in difficult times and a never-ending source of heavenly marvels.
Make yourself available to us at times when we require it most, and protect us from harm and sickness, and keep us safe from any peril, tragedy, and desperate circumstances that may arise.
As a result, I implore you, O Martyr, to heal my brokenness and to relieve my unbearable suffering.
Amen. Please, Saint of God, intervene on our behalf. ‘Uou,’ said the Martyr St. Barbara, who is renowned for finishing the race on the road to martyrdom. As a result, by your providential favor, guide us down the straight and narrow road of God’s holy commands, away from shortcuts to perdition.
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Barbara
Please consider making a donation to New Advent in order to receive the complete contents of this website as an immediate download. A single purchase of $19.99 provides access to the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa Theologica, Bible, and other resources. VirginandMartyr. There is no mention of St. Barbara in the legitimate early historical sources for Christian antiquity, and her name does not exist in the original recension of St. Jerome’s Martyrology, which was written in the fourth century.
- The mythical Acts of hermartyrdom were already in existence at this time, and they were included into the collection ofSymeon Metaphrastes, as well as by the writers (Ado, Usuard, and others) of the larger Martyrologies that were produced in Western Europe throughout the ninth century.
- Her father was very protective of her, and he kept her locked up in a tower in order to protect her from the outside world, which was dangerous for her.
- Before embarking on a tour, her father ordered that a bath-house be built for her near her home, and while he was away, Barbara had three windows installed in the bath-house as a symbol of the Holy Trinity, rather than the two that were originally planned.
- As a punishment for carrying out the death sentence personally, the father was hit by lightning on his way home and his corpse was completely incinerated.
- The corpses of the saints were buried by a piousman named Valentinus; it was at this tomb that the ill were cured and pilgrims who came to the shrine got assistance and consolation.
As for the location of the martyrdom, two different opinions have been expressed: Symeon Metaphrastes and the Latin legend given by Mombritius both believe that Heliopolis, Egypt, was the site of the martyrdom, whereas other accounts, to which Baronius gives more weight, believe that Nicomedia was the location of the martyrdom.
- Jerome andBedestate “Romae Barbarae virginis” or “apud Antiochiam passio S.
- It is evident that she was publicly revered both in the East and in the West prior to the ninth century, and that she was extremely popular among the Christian community at the time.
- She was later recognized as the guardian of artillerymen and miners, by analogy.
- An event that occurred in the year 1448 contributed significantly to the expansion of the saint’s adoration.
- Barbara, to whom he had long been devoted.
- Similarly, in an addendum to the “Legenda aurea,” a similar occurrence is described.
- Barbara is celebrated on December 4, although the artyrologies of the ninth century, with the exception of Rabanus Maurus, had it celebrated on December 16.
St. Barbara has been pictured in art on several occasions; she is commonly depicted standing in a tower with three windows, holding the palm of Amartyr in her hand; she also frequently carries a chalice and a sacramental wafer; and occasionally cannons are exhibited alongside her.
Please consider making a donation to New Advent in order to receive the complete contents of this website as an immediate download as a thank you. A single purchase of $19.99 provides access to the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa Theologica, Bible, and much more. VirginandMartyr. Saint Barbara is not mentioned in any of the legitimate early historical sources for Christian antiquity, and her name is not even mentioned once in the original recension ofSt. John Chrysostom’s Martyrology.
- The mythical Acts of hermartyrdom were already in existence at this time, and they were included into the collection ofSymeon Metaphrastes, as well as by the writers (Ado, Usuard, and others) of the larger Martyrologies that were written throughout the ninth century in Western Europe.
- Afraid of the outside world, she was closely guarded by her father, who had locked her in a tower to protect her from the elements.
- A bath-house was built for Barbara by her father before to his departure on a voyage, and while he was away she had three windows installed in the bath-house as a symbol of the Holy Trinity, rather than the two that had been initially planned.
- As a punishment for carrying out the death sentence personally, the father was struck by lightning on his way home and his corpse was devoured by the lightning strike.
- It was at this tomb that the corpses of the saints were buried; it was at this burial that the sick were healed and pilgrims who came to the shrine got assistance and consolation from the saints.
- According to different accounts, Heliopolis in Egypt was the site of the martyrdom, while other accounts, to which Baronius gives more weight, place the martyrdom in Nicomedia.
- “In Tuscia Barbarae virginis et martyris,” as stated in the “Martyrologium Romanum parvum” (circa 700), the earliestmartyrologyof theLatin Church in which her name appears, is repeated by Ado and others, whereas later additions to themartyrologiesofSt.
But these diverse assertions show nothing more than the adaptation of saintlymartyr worship to the local environment in the absence of a true historical tradition surrounding the saintlymartyr.
It is likely that the tale that her father was struck by lightning led to her being considered by the general public as the patron saint in times of peril from thunderstorms and fire, and subsequently, by analogy, as the guardian of artillerymen and mine workers.
The year 1448 witnessed an event that contributed significantly to the expansion of the saint’s adoration.
Barbara, to whom he had always had a strong religious devotion.
An supplement to the “Legenda aurea” tells the story of a similar incident.
Barbara is celebrated on December 4th in the Greek and current Roman calendars, whereas it is celebrated on December 16th in the artyrologies of the ninth century, with the exception of Rabanus Maurus.
Art depictions of St. Barbara are common; she is generally pictured standing in a tower with three windows, holding the palm of Amartyr in her hand; she also frequently carries a chalice and the sacramental wafer; and occasionally cannons are exhibited nearby.
About this page
Citation in the APA style (1907). St. Barbara is a saint. It may be found in the Catholic Encyclopedia. The Robert Appleton Company is based in New York. citation. Johann Peter Kirsch is credited with inventing the term “kirsch.” “St. Barbara,” says the narrator. It was published by Robert Appleton Company in New York in 1907. The Catholic Encyclopedia, Vol. 2. Transcription. By Michael T. Barrett, this piece was transcribed for the publication New Advent. Dedicated to his sister Barbara J. Barrett, who passed away recently.
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