Who Is Saint Alphonsus

Saint Alphonsus Liguori

The Life and Times of Saint Alphonsus Liguori It was decreed by Vatican II that moral theology should be more deeply fed by Scripture, and that it should demonstrate the dignity of the Christian vocation of the faithful as well as their need to bear fruit in charity for the benefit of the world. Alphonsus, who was named patron of moral theologians by Pope Pius XII in 1950, would have squealed with delight at the news. As early as the fourth century, Alphonsus worked for the freedom of moral theology from the rigidity of Jansenism.

While it is possible that a small amount of legalism and minimalism came into moral theology, it should not be attributed to this paradigm of moderation and kindness.

He was ordained as a priest, and he focused his pastoral efforts on popular parish missions, hearing confessions, and organizing Christian associations, among other activities.

In its early years, it was a group of priests and brothers who shared a common existence and were committed to the imitation of Christ.

  • After a while, he found himself abandoned by all of his initial comrades, with the exception of one lay brother, which seemed to him to be a portent of what was to come later.
  • Alphonsus’ most significant pastoral changes took place in the pulpit and confessional, where he replaced the pretentious oratory of the day with simplicity, and the rigidity of Jansenism with gentleness, to name a few examples.
  • He was elevated to the position of bishop at the age of 66, despite his attempts to decline the honor, and he immediately set about reforming his diocese.
  • The Redemptorists, who had been surviving precariously since the destruction of the Jesuits in 1773, encountered difficulties in obtaining approval for their Rule from the Kingdom of Naples.
  • Alphonsus, who was elderly, disabled, and suffering from severe vision loss, signed the paper, completely ignorant that he had been duped.
  • It was only after his death that the branches were able to work together again.
  • A raw cut on his chest resulted from the pressure of his chin until he was able to straighten it a little.
  • In the topic of moral theology, Alphonsus is most known, although he also contributed to the fields of spiritual and dogmatic theology as well.
  • Reflection More than anything else, Saint Alphonsus was renowned as a practical guy who dealt in the real world rather than the metaphysical.

All of these occurrences happened to Alphonsus. He is a saint because he was able to preserve an intimate feeling of the suffering Christ’s presence throughout the ordeal. Saint Alphonsus Liguori is the patron saint of the following professions: theologians Vocations

Who was Saint Alphonsus Liguori

The Life and Death of Saint Alphonsus Liguori According to Vatican II, moral theology should be more deeply fed by Scripture and demonstrate the dignity of the Christian vocation of the faithful, as well as their need to bear fruit in charity for the sake of the world’s well-being and salvation. In 1950, Pope Pius XII designated Alphonsus as the patron of moral theologians, and Alphonsus would have been pleased with that declaration. Alphonsus battled for the emancipation of moral theology from the rigidity of Jansenism during his lifetime.

  1. While it is possible that a small amount of legalism and minimalism has crept into moral theology, it should not be attributed to this paradigm of moderateness and gentleness.
  2. In 1981, he was ordained a priest and began focusing his pastoral efforts on popular parish missions, confessions, and the formation of Christian communities.
  3. There were priests and brothers who shared a common life and were dedicated to the imitation of Christ.
  4. After a while, he found himself abandoned by all of his original companions with the exception of one lay brother, which seemed to him to be a portent of what was to come later.
  5. During his time as a pastor, Alphonsus made significant changes in the pulpit and confessional, displacing the pompous oratory of the day with simplicity and the rigor of Jansenism with kindness, respectively.
  6. Even after attempting to reject the honor, he was elevated to the position of bishop and immediately began reforming his diocese in order to make it more productive.
  7. As a result of their precarious existence after being forced out of their convent in 1773, the Redemptorists struggled to have the Kingdom of Naples approve their Rule of Life.

A betrayed Alphonsus signed the document despite the fact that he was old, crippled, and had very poor vision.

It was only after his death that the branches were able to come together as one.

The pressure of his chin caused a raw wound on his chest until he was able to straighten it a little.

In the field of moral theology, Alphonsus is best known, but he also contributed to the fields of spiritual and dogmatic theology, which are less well known.

His bookVisits to the Blessed Sacramentwent through 40 editions during his lifetime, and this devotion was greatly influenced by him.

It is true that his life serves as a practical model for the everyday Christian who, amidst the whirlwind of problems, pain, misunderstanding, and failure, finds it difficult to see the dignity of Christian life.

Because he was able to maintain an intimate sense of the suffering Christ’s presence throughout it all, he is considered a saint. Atheologians, among other things, are represented by Saint Alphonsus Liguori as their patron saint. Vocations

Saint Alphonsus Liguori

Home PhilosophyReligion Personages associated with religion Scholars Saints Popes Priest and theologian of the Roman Catholic Church Alternative titles include: Saint Alphonsus Maria de’Liguori, Saint Alphonsus Maria de’Liguori, Saint Alphonsus Maria de’Liguori, Saint Alphonsus Maria de’Liguori The whole name of St. Alphonsus Liguori Saint Alphonsus Maria de’ Liguori (often written Alphonsus) is a patron saint of Italy. Count Alfonso of Pagani (September 27, 1696, Marianella, Kingdom of Naples—August 1, 1787, Pagani; canonized 1839; feast day August 1), Italiandoctor of the church, one of the foremost moral theologians of the 18th century, and founder of the Redemptorists, a religious order dedicated primarily to parish and foreign missions.

Pope Pius XII declared him the patron saint of moralists and confessors in 1950, and he was canonized the following year.

In Scala, he established the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer, often known as the Redemptorists, in 1732.

It was really a new rule developed by one of his adversaries, which prompted those who were adhering to the old rule to split away from the group.

Liguori’s broad body of work may be divided into three genres: His moral theory, which is best shown by his famed Ascetical and devotional writings, such asVisits to the Blessed Sacrament, The True Spouse of Jesus Christ(for nuns), Selva(for priests), and The Glories of Mary, the latter of which became one of the most widely used manuals of devotion to the Virgin Mary; and dogmatic writings on such topics as papal infallibility and the power of prayer.

Theologia Moralis was published in 1748.

Intheology When it comes to equiprobabilism, Liguori is often regarded as the leading exponent.

Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica Melissa Petruzzello was the author of the most recent revision and update to this article.

St. Alphonsus Marie Liguori – Saints & Angels

Bishop, Doctor of the Church, and the founder of the Redemptorist Congregation are all titles that have been bestowed upon him. In the Italian town of Marianella, near Naples, he was given the name Alphonsus Marie AntonyJohnCosmos Damien Michael Gaspard de Liguori on September 27, 1696. Don Joseph, Alphonsus’ father, who was a naval commander and a captain of the Royal Galleys, took him on retreats when he was growing up in a religious environment. A religious mother of Spanish origin, Alphonsus was the oldest of seven children reared by a devoted father.

  • By the age of nineteen, he was practicing law, but he saw the ephemeral character of the secular world and, after a little period of time, he withdrew from the law courts and from public attention.
  • As a result, Alphonsus committed himself to the holy life, despite the fact that he was subjected to persecution by his family.
  • He was ordained on December 21, 1726, and he spent the next six years preaching in the city of Naples and the surrounding areas.
  • He met Bishop Thomas Falcoia, the founder of the Congregation of Pious Workers, when he was there.
  • On November 9, 1732, Aiphonsus established the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer with the assistance of these men.
  • His efforts were redoubled as he attracted new members and, in 1743, he was appointed as the founder of two new congregations, one for men and one for women.
  • Alphonsus was preaching missions in the countryside and writing at the same time.
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Agathaof the Goths near Naples.

Alphonsus worked for thirteen years in various capacities, including feeding the destitute, instructing families, reorganizing the seminary and religious houses, teaching theology, and writing.

He had to drink via tubes for several years since his head was twisted so far forward.

But it wasn’t until 1775 that he was able to retire from his see.

Following this submission, the original rule was changed, and Alphonsus was stripped of all power among the Redemptorists as a result.

After conquering his depressive state, he began having visions and performing miracles, as well as making predictions.

In 1816, he was beatified, and he was canonized in 1839.

His writings on moral, theological, and ascetic issues had a significant influence and have endured through the ages, particularly hisMoral Theology and his Glories of Mary, which have both been translated into English.

At St.

In addition to confessors and moral theologians, he is a patron of the lay apostolate.

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Our founder, St. Alphonsus Liguori

The Redemptorists were founded by St. John the Evangelist. Priest, doctor of the Church, and moral theologian are all titles for the same person. August 1st is the feast day. Alphonsus Maria de Liguori was born in 1696 near Naples, Italy, the son of a captain in the Royal Navy and a very dedicated mother from a noble family in the city. He was the son of a captain in the Royal Navy and a very loyal mother from a noble family in the city. Philosophy, literature, and the arts were all taught to him by his parents, who gave him with an extraordinary education.

Many nobility joined the Confraternity of Our Lady of Kindness when they were 18 years old, and their members cared for the sick at the hospital for “incurables,” cleaning diseased bodies, feeding the defenseless, changing bedclothes, and committing their lives to acts of mercy and compassion.

  • In spite of his success, he was dissatisfied with his job on the most fundamental level.
  • In 1726, he was ordained as a minister.
  • As a young priest, he put in long hours and worked himself to exhaustion.
  • It wasn’t until 1732 that Alphonsus understood he couldn’t continue to be content in his job as a prominent preacher who lived away from the poor.
  • So he looked for others who shared his calling and embraced a form of service known as “mission among the people,” and so the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer, often known as the Redemptorists, was established.
  • They instilled a strong feeling of God in the hearts of the people.
  • St.
  • He understood how to communicate with regular folks who had limited educational opportunities and very serious needs.
  • There were three main images that Alphonsus used in his preaching and teaching that were foundational to the Christian faith: Jesus as a small child in his mother’s arms, Jesus killed on the cross, and Jesus alive and full of love for all in the Eucharist.

When some theologians argued against Mary’s sanctity, Alphonsus invoked her in the lines of the old hymn Salve Regina: “Hail, Holy Queen, Mother of Mercy, our life, our sweetness, and our hope,” which means “Our life, our sweetness, and our hope.” Alphonsus taught the gospel of God’s redemptive love.

  • God the Creator is a place where love and freedom coexist.
  • The Christian way of life was not to be characterized by fear, but rather by love as its central theme.
  • More than 100 books were written by Alphonsus throughout the course of his lengthy life, including his most beloved:Visits to the Blessed Sacrament, The Practice of Jesus’ Love, and The Glories of Mary, which are among his most well-known works.
  • and I say, and repeat, and will keep on saying as long as I live, that our entire salvation is dependent on prayers.
  • His devotion to the Blessed Mother provided him with a sense of balance and comfort.
  • It gave him much comfort to know that Mary would hear his prayers, and she was a huge spiritual source of strength in his life.
  • He ardently urged his fellow Redemptorists and others to recite the rosary on a regular basis and to visit Marian shrines in order to deepen their devotion to the Mother of the Lord.

In spite of the fact that Alphonsus had been ill for much of his life, the last few years of his life were defined by extremely significant and debilitating physical problems, particularly arthritis, which caused him immense suffering and forced him into a wheelchair.

His confreres met with him to pray in order to support him at this difficult moment.

It was from his own works that they read to him about the grandeur of Mary and how, as Heaven’s queen, she greeted all of her genuine and devoted servants at the hour of their death.

“Give me my Lady,” he said in hushed tones.

In the midst of his prayers, he spent the night with the Blessed Mother.

It was in 1839 that St.

In 1950, he was designated as a patron of confessors and moral theologians by the Catholic Church.

John Paul II described Alphonsus as “a close friend of the people.

a missionary who went in search of the most abandoned souls. the founder of a group that would make a radical choice in favor of the poor. a bishop who welcomed all. a writer who concentrated on what would be of benefit to the people.” To pray a novena to St. Alphonsus, please click here.

Saint Alphonsus Maria de Liguori

Alphonsus, who was born into aristocracy, was a child prodigy who grew up to be extraordinarily well-educated, earning his doctorate in law from the University of Naples at the age of sixteen. He started his own legal business at the age of 21, and he quickly rose to become one of Naples’ most prominent attorneys, despite the fact that he had never been in court before having attended Massfirst. He enjoyed music, could play the harpsichord, and enjoyed attending the opera, but he preferred to listen rather than watch the over-the-top production.

  • He turned down an arranged marriage and went on to study theology, eventually becoming an ordained minister at the age of 29.
  • He is well-known for his straightforward, clear, and direct style of preaching, as well as his compassionate, understanding manner in the confessional.
  • He was frequently criticized by Church authorities for what they regarded to be leniency toward sinners, as well as by government officials who were hostile to religion in general.
  • In 1732, the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Liguorians;Redemptorists) was founded in Scala, Italy.
  • Pope Clement XIII appointed him to be the Bishop of the Diocese of Sant’Agata de’ Goti in Italy in 1762.
  • He suffered from acute rheumatism and was frequently unable to move or lift his chin from his chest.
  • The royal government threatened to dissolve his Redemptorists in 1777, saying that they were secretly carrying on the work of the Jesuits, who had been repressed in 1773.
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Because of Alphonsus’ extensive understanding of the congregation, his experience in theology, and his talents as an attorney, he was able to successfully defend the Redemptorists and win their permission from King Louis XIV.

Upon learning of the modifications, Pope Pius VI expressed his displeasure and dismissed Alphonsus from his role as leader of the Order.

By the time of his death, he had, on the other hand, returned to religion and tranquility.

Declared aDoctor of the ChurchbyPopePius IXin1871.

He was summoned to Alphonsus, and upon entering thebishop’s study, he was greeted with a big crucifix that had been set on the threshold.

It would not be the first time you have laid Our Lord beneath your feet.” Ordinarily, the saints have been in a state of dryness, rather than being filled with rational comfort.

Take them a modest present if they are in need, or at the very least, let us go and wait on them and provide them with consolation.

If we want to be rescued and become saints, we must continually be at the gates of the Divine compassion, begging and praying for whatever we require as analms.

If you can sometimes forget about yourself and speak to Him about His own glory, the miseries of others (especially those who mourn in sorrow), the souls of His spouses in purgatory, who long to see Him in Heaven, and the plight of poor sinners who live deprived of His grace, He will be very pleased with you.

  • He who has not come to know God’s love will have a difficult time remaining in God’s favor, for it is extremely difficult to abandon sin just out of dread of being punished by God.
  • We should keep in mind that all things have an expiration date, and we should say to God, “My God, I wish for You alone, and nothing more,” whenever we hear others talking about wealth, accolades, and worldly amusements.
  • He who puts his faith in himself is doomed.
  • Saint Alphonsus Liguori was a saint who lived in Italy.
  • Saint Alphonsus Liguori was a saint who lived in Italy.
  • I sincerely apologize for offending you and express my sincere regret.
  • Please accept my love forever and then do with me anything you want.

We must be careful not to utter things like, “What unbearable heat!” What a miserable cold!

What a misfortune!

Or, in other words, statements that convey a strong opposition to God’s will.

The saint Alphonsus Liguori is quoted as saying Virgin Mary, Most Holy and Immaculate!

‘Thou who art the Mother of my Lord, the Queen of the earth, the champion of sinners, their hope, and their shelter!’ This is me, the most pitiful of them all, who has come to thee.

I adore thee, Lady most deserving of all love, and, by the love which I bear thee, I swear to you that I will continue to serve thee and do all in my power to win others to thy love in the future.

Accept me as thy servant, and wrap me in the garment of thy protection, O Mother of Mercy, as I come before thee!

I beg for a genuine love for Jesus Christ, as well as the gift of a peaceful death, from thee.

In the name of thy love for God, I ask thee to be my assistance at all times, but especially towards the end of my life.

This is my hope, at least.

Saint Alphonsus Liguori was a saint who lived in Italy.

We have God on our side.

Tell me about the human assistance that Saint Francis’, Saint John of the Cross’, and Saint Teresa’s works have received.

The only thing that can bring this institute crashing down is a loss of faith in God and putting one’s faith in human ways to achieve success.

Which is more important: myself or God?

The saint Alphonsus Liguori is quoted as saying It is only through our love for Jesus Christ, our God, who is both our redeemer and highest good, that we may achieve complete purity and perfection of soul.

He has cherished us since the beginning of time.

I had fallen in love with you before you had even seen the light of day, before the world had even begun to exist, but I had already fallen in love with you.

And all of the blessings that God has bestowed on mankind have been provided to accomplish this goal.

He bestowed him with memory, cognition, and will, and he provided him with a physical body that was equipped with senses.

In his love for mankind, he created all of these things in order for all of creation to serve mankind, and for mankind to love God in return for the numerous blessings he has given him.

The everlasting Father went so far as to give us his only Son as a way of showing his love for us.


Imagine what a fool it would be for travelers to think only of acquiring dignity and possessions in the countries through which they had to pass, and then reducing themselves to the necessity of living miserably in their home countries, where they would have to remain for the rest of their lives!

  1. Due to the fact that we know that borrowed objects must be returned to their rightful owner, we do not develop attachments to them.
  2. Death will take everything away from us.
  3. You will have to relinquish control of the home that you have constructed for yourself in the near future.
  4. Confirmity refers to the linking of our own will to the will of God; uniformity, on the other hand, refers to the merging of the divine and our own will into a single will, so that we desire nothing but what God wishes and his will becomes ours.
  5. In order to do this, we must ask the aid of all of our patron saints and guardian angels, and, above all, the assistance of our holy mother Mary, who was the most perfect saint since she most thoroughly accepted the divine will.

This quotation is from SaintAlphonsus Liguori’s The Redeeming Love of Christ.

Who Was Saint Alphonsus Liguori?

With the beginning of a new school year, we would like to devote this month’s attention at the Basilica to the legacies of saints who have played a significant role in the advancement of education and spiritual instruction. St. Alphonsus Liguori, who dedicated his life to the spiritual instruction of rural peoples, is commemorated on August 1st, and his commitment continues to serve as an example to the faithful today. Saint Alphonsus was a loving spirit who had a strong fervor for God. He was a bright lawyer and a caring teacher.

Transforming Naples with God’s Teaching

Saint Alphonsus was born in Naples, Italy, in 1696, into a noble family of riches and privilege. In later years, he shown himself to be an amazingly clever student, getting his law degree in civil and canon law at the age of 16 despite being just 16 years old. His legal abilities were of such high grade that he did not lose a single case during the first eight years of his professional career. Alphonsus was eventually overcome by the corruption in the court system, and he believed he was meant for a higher calling.

Approximately three years later, he received his ordination and began serving in some of Naples’ most impoverished and crime-ridden neighborhoods.

After that, the regions touched by Saint Alphonsus’ ministry saw significant transformation: prostitution, duels, and robbery all but disappeared, and the new members of the faithful gathered in evening chapels to pray and meditate on the Scriptures.

Alphonsus Liguori, who is the patron saint of sailors.

Dedication to the Spiritual Education of Rural People

After completing his training of the laity to the point that he could continue his work in the capital, Alphonsus traveled elsewhere to carry on his ministry of spiritual instruction. His discovery of pagan people living in financial and spiritual poverty in the rural hinterlands outside of Naples led him to believe that they were part of a larger movement. It was here that he established the “Congregation of the Holy Redeemer” in 1732, which was committed to imparting the Word of God to the rural peoples of the country.

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Many lives were transformed as a consequence of his direct contact and empathy with individuals he ministered to, which resulted in the spiritual development of countless others.

Compassion in a Period of Severity

Saint Alphonsus was a compassionate man who placed a strong emphasis on the value of prayer as well as the necessity of love and mercy in the lives of others. The ideas of his day on God’s law, which were based on fear and showed God as a harsh punisher of the sinful, were attempted to be moderated in his teaching by a number of scholars. As Pope Benedict XVI put it, Alphonsus proposed a balanced and convincing synthesis of the requirements of God’s law, which is inscribed on our hearts and fully revealed by Christ and authoritatively understood by the Church, as well as the dynamics of conscience and human freedom, which permit the person’s development and fulfillment precisely in adherence to truth and goodness.

Not until after his death did the Church and the state acknowledge his religious order as a legitimate religious organization.

In the course of his deteriorating health and the onset of blindness, he was removed from his own congregation due to a clerical error that occurred.

Members of his order, which is now known as the Redemptorists, are carrying on his mission of evangelizing rural people around the world in the modern era. Saint Alphonsus’ ministry of spiritual instruction continues to serve as a model of faith and devotion for those who follow in his footsteps.


“The Lives of the Saints” by Butler (ed. by Bernard Bangley)

<span><span>A brief look at the history of St. Alphonsus Liguori</span></span>

On September 27, 1696, Alphonsus Liguori was born in Naples, Italy. He was the patron saint of sailors and sailors everywhere. He was the oldest of eight children, with a father who was a retired navy commander and a mother who was a devout Christian who had a strong commitment to her religion. Mr. Alphonsus acquired an extraordinary education that prepared him for the legal profession, where he established himself as an accomplished attorney. Alphonsus made the decision to resign his professional job and enter the clergy after losing his first court case.

  • Alphonsus was ordained as a diocesan priest in 1726, and he spent the most of his vocation educating catechists who would go out into the slums and serve with the less fortunate.
  • Alphonsus resumed his catechizing efforts in the highlands, where he collaborated closely with the locals to achieve success.
  • Alphonsus later met a religious sister who had visions of him establishing a men’s religious order upon his return from the missionary life.
  • Alphonsus was elevated to the episcopate and consecrated as a bishop in 1762.
  • He was elected to the position in 2011.
  • Alphonsus resigned from his position as bishop in 1775, and he afterwards returned to his hometown when his health began to wane.
  • Pope Pius IX designated St.


Alumnus: Christian Dennis, M.Eng. ’20, ’22 This gospel text is well-known to many of us, and it is easy to pass it by without noticing. The Church encourages us to think on these miraculous feedings on a regular basis, in part because Jesus feeds his hungry followers according to the accounts of all four evangelists. Nonetheless, let us proceed by carefully reading Mark’s narrative. In this text, what does the Holy Spirit want to communicate to us via Mark? Mark makes the first observation on how Jesus looks at his followers.

  • This might be a difficult passage for us to comprehend.
  • I don’t want to be likened to a typical herd animal, yet that is exactly what is happening.
  • Mark then demonstrates to us via the statements of the disciples that they were in a desolate region without food.
  • This is too much for me; I don’t have enough for people around me.
  • In this passage, Mark presents Jesus as he is depicted in the psalms.
  • In his footsteps, I find myself by tranquil water (Ps 23:2).

At conclusion, dear brothers and sisters, know that Jesus sees us, even in the most desolate parts of our life, and he is pleading with us to surrender ourselves to him so that he might lead us into the fullness that he wishes for each of us.

St. Alphonsus Liguori

Doctor of the Church, St. Alphonsus Liguori is well-known for his contributions to moral theology as well as his tremendous charity. He is also recognized for his generosity. Born in 1696 in Naples to a well-respected family, he was the eldest of seven children and the oldest of them all. His father was Don Joseph de’ Liguori, a naval commander and Captain of the Royal Galleys, while his mother was of Spanish heritage. He was born in Genoa, Italy, to Don Joseph and his mother. Even as a small child, he possessed exceptional intelligence.

  • The young St.
  • Furthermore, under the supervision of his father, he studied the harpsichord for three hours every day and quickly rose to the level of a virtuoso at the age of thirteen.
  • With the development of his early adulthood, he began to show an interest in opera.
  • St.
  • While the theatre in Naples was in rather decent condition at the time, the young saint acquired an austere dislike to what he saw to be ostentatious displays.
  • On January 21, 1713, he was admitted to the bar as a doctor of civil law, despite the fact that the legal minimum age was 20.
  • During his eight years as a lawyer, he is believed to have never lost a single case.
  • His departure, on the other hand, turned out to be beneficial for the Church.
  • He quickly rose to prominence as a preacher and confessor in the city of Naples.
  • His tenure as a diocesan priest, on the other hand, was brief: in 1732, he moved to Scala and established the Redemptorists, a religious order dedicated to preaching.
  • Thirty years later, he was elevated to the position of bishop, from which he retired in 1775.

1. Alphonsus: patron of arthritis

Doctor of the Church, St. Alphonsus Liguori is well-known for his contributions to moral theology as well as for his tremendous charity. It is believed that he was the oldest of seven children when he was born in Naples in 1696 to a well-respected family. It is believed that his father, Don Joseph de’ Liguori, was a naval commander and a Captain of the Royal Galleys, and that his mother was of Spanish origin. In spite of being a small child, he had exceptional intelligence. A gifted young guy, he learned a tremendous deal in a short period of time.

Alphonsus did not attend school; instead, he was educated at home by tutors under the supervision of his father.

He enjoyed equestrian sports, fencing, and card games as a kind of relaxation.

He was far more engaged in listening to the music than he was in viewing the show.

The young saint acquired an austere distaste to what he saw to be ostentatious displays when the theatre in Naples was in pretty excellent condition.

A doctor of civil law was awarded to him on January 21, 1713, at the tender age of 16, despite by law, he should have been 20 at the time.

He is claimed to have never lost a case in his eight years as a lawyer.

Although he resigned, the Church reaped the benefits of his actions.

He quickly rose to prominence as a preacher and confessor in Naples, where he continues to serve to this day.

The Redemptorists, a preaching order created in 1732, were a result of his tenure as a diocesan priest, which ended in 1732 when he moved to Scala.

He was a prominent moral theologian, and his famous book was published in 1748. His appointment as a bishop came thirty years later, and he withdrew from the ministry in 1775. It was only 10 years later, in 1787, that he passed away, and he was canonized 10 years later in 1839.

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