Where Was Saint Paul Born

St Paul Biography

St. Paul was a pivotal figure in the early development of Christian thought and practice. He is a key figure in the New Testament, and his writings and epistles serve as a valuable contribution to the codification and unification of the emerging religion of Christianity. In particular, St Paul emphasized the importance of faith as the foundation for salvation rather than religious practices. St Paul was both a Jew and a Roman citizen, and he was involved in the persecution of Christians during his early years.

Early years of one’s life St Paul, also known as Saul, was of Jewish descent, having come from a family of devout Jewish believers.

In Jerusalem, he grew up and was raised by Gamaliel, who was a leading figure in the Jewish religious establishment during his time there (Sanhedrin).

He worked as a tent maker during the course of his day.

  • He acknowledged that he had taken part in the persecution of Christians “beyond all measure.” This included participating in the stoning of Stephen, who happened to be a Christian.
  • For example, one of the reasons St Paul was so critical of the new sect that followed Jesus Christ was that he was appalled that Jesus died on the cross in a manner akin to a “criminal’s death.” He couldn’t reconcile that with the way a Messiah would be treated in his society.
  • Michelangelo Buonarroti is credited with the conversion of St Paul.
  • On the road to Damascus, he claimed to have been blinded by a vision ofJesus Christ, which he later confirmed.
  • After that, the Lord said to him, “I am Jesus, whom thou persecutest: it is difficult for thee to kick against the pricks.” He remained blind for three days following the vision, during which time he also fasted.
  • Following his vision and healing, he declared Jesus Christ to be God, and he dedicated the rest of his life to spreading the Christian message.
  • St Paul became embroiled in a doctrinal dispute among the early followers of Christ, which he eventually won.


“In light of this, we conclude that a man is justified by faith apart from the deeds of law.” Is he considered to be the God of the Jews only?

Yes, even among the Gentiles: “Because there is only one God, who will justify both the circumcision and the uncircumcision by faith,” says the author.

The teachings of St Paul assisted in the conversion of the early sect of Judaism into the separate religion of Christianity.



Over the next few years, he traveled to Damascus and later Jerusalem on business and pleasure.

St Paul visited many places such as the island of Cypress, Pamphylia, Pisidia, and Lycaonia, all in Asia Minor.

He established churches at Pisidian Antioch, Iconium, Lystra, and Derbe.

During a visit to Athens, he gave one of his most memorable and well-documented speeches; it became known as the Areopagus sermon Acts 17:16-34.

In speaking to the crowd he criticised their pagan worship.

So you are ignorant of the very thing you worship — and this is what I am going to proclaim to you.” His missionary work was often difficult and dangerous, he often met an unwelcome response. He supported himself financially by continuing to work as a tent maker.

Teachings of St Paul

It was St Paul who made the decision that old Jewish practices such as circumcision and dietary rule were no longer necessary for Christians to adhere to. Jesus Christ, according to St. Paul, was a divine entity, and salvation could only be obtained through trust in him alone. “For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God; and are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus,” the Bible says. Romans3:19-31 On the notion of atonement, St Paul was a seminal figure in theological thought.

  1. When he arrived in Jerusalem in 57 AD, he was immediately entangled in a scandal over his refusal to observe Jewish traditions.
  2. He was finally liberated because he was able to assert his rights as a Roman citizen.
  3. The circumstances surrounding his death remain unclear.
  4. St.
  5. Some of his writings have achieved legendary status in the Western world because of their lyricism and emotional impact.
  6. I am nothing if I do not have love, even though I have the gift of prophecy, and even though I grasp all secrets and all knowledge, and even though I have all faith, such that I could move mountains, if I do not have love.
  7. (NKJV) Sixteen books of the New Testament, including Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians, the first and second Epistles of Thessalonians, and Philemon, are autographed by St Paul and believed to be his compositions.
  8. St Paul has a conservative viewpoint on the place of women in society in his letter.
  9. It was because of his thoughts that the church adopted a male hierarchy in positions of authority in the year 1212.
  10. Timothy 2:9–1513 is a biblical passage.
  11. It should be remembered, however, that the letter to the Romans was given by a woman – Phoebe, who is considered to be the world’s first known deacon in the Christian church.

‘There is no longer a distinction between Jew and Gentile, neither slave nor free, nor is there a distinction between male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus.’ In spite of the fact that St Paul had a significant part in shaping the development of early Christianity, he has been accused of corrupting the basic message of Jesus Christ.

St Paul placed increased stress on the principles of original sin, atonement, and the significance of Jesus Christ’s crucifixion in delivering redemptive power.

Paul is the patron saint of missionaries, evangelists, authors, and those who labor in the public sector, among others.

” Biography of St Paul,” Oxford, United Kingdom: www.biographyonline.net (Pettinger, Tejvan, “Biography of St Paul,” Oxford, United Kingdom). The date of publication is August 3rd, 2014. The most recent update was made on March 13th, 2018.

Paul and Jesus: How the Apostle Transformed Christianity

Paul played a key role in the decision that traditional Jewish practices such as circumcision and dietary rule were no longer necessary for Christians. Jesus Christ, according to St. Paul, was a divine entity, and salvation could only be obtained through trust in Him alone. “For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God; and we are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus,” the Bible says. Romans3:19-31 On the theory of atonement, St Paul was a seminal figure in the early church.

  • When he arrived in Jerusalem in 57 AD, he was immediately immersed in a dispute over his rejection of Jewish customs and traditions.
  • His freedom was finally secured because he could assert his citizenship rights.
  • It’s unclear how he died or what caused it.
  • St.
  • Some of his writings have achieved legendary status in the Western world because of their lyricism and emotional impact on the reader.
  • I am nothing if I do not have love, even though I have the gift of prophecy, and even though I grasp all secrets and all knowledge, and even though I have all faith, such that I could move mountains, I do not have love.
  • (NKJV) Sixteen books of the New Testament, including Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians, the first and second Epistles of Thessalonians, and Philemon, are autographed by St Paul and are believed to be his compositions.

When it comes to the position of women, St Paul expresses a traditionalist point of view.

Women are not permitted to educate or take power over men, but they are permitted to remain silent.

14 For Adam was created first, followed by Eve.

The letter to the Romans was given by a woman, Phoebe, who is considered to be the first known deacon of the Christian church, and it should be marked as such.

‘There is no longer a distinction between Jew and Gentile, slave and free, nor between male and female, because you are all one in Christ Jesus,’ says the apostle Paul.

The new religion was being interpreted differently at the time of St.

In his letters, St Paul placed a stronger focus on the concepts of original sin and atonement, as well as the role played by Jesus Christ’s crucifixion in bringing about redemptive power.

Paul is the patron saint of authors and public servants.

His feast day is celebrated on June 29th, the same day that Saint Peter is commemorated as well. ” Biography of St Paul,” Oxford, United Kingdom: www.biographyonline.net (Pettinger, Tejvan). On August 3rd, 2014, the publication was made public. The most recent update was made on the 13th of March.

St. Paul

Throughout Christian history, St. Paul (d. c. 66 A.D.), the first systematic theologian and writer of the Christian Church, has been recognized as the most significant teacher in the history of the religion of Christianity. He served as the apostle to the Gentiles for the Christian Church. Originally known as Saul or Sh’aul, Paul was born in the town of Tarsus, Cilicia (in modern-day southeastern Turkey), to Jewish parents who belonged to the tribe of Benjamin. Paul’s parents were from the tribe of Benjamin.

In all likelihood, Paul’s first tongue was Koine Greek, which was the common language of all educated Roman citizens across the empire at the time of his birth.

He learned to write in both Greek and Hebrew while under the tutelage of a renowned rabbi, Gamaliel, and became well-versed in the law as a result.

He may perhaps have saw and heard Jesus preaching in person.

Paul’s Times

At the time of his birth, Paul was living in the latter days of the Second Jewish Commonwealth. When he was young and studying rabbinic theology, Palestine had already fallen under the entire control of the Roman Empire. Real national sovereignty over the Jewish people had been withdrawn by that time. Israeli borders have been significantly decreased in comparison to those known from the earlier Hasmonean and Salamonic kingdoms. When it came to governing its captive peoples, Rome chose to divide them into manageable provinces.

  1. Following the death of King Agrippa I, the serenity and relative stability that had prevailed during his reign were dramatically disrupted and shattered.
  2. As a result of their influence on the spirit of the people across Palestine, the Jewish rebellion of 66 A.D.
  3. and the subsequent destruction of Jerusalem in the year 70 A.
  4. Paul’s early education provided him with a profound understanding of both oral and written Jewish law, which he used throughout his life.
  5. As a result, Paul was the heir of the lengthy, rich, and diversified legacy of Pharisaism, which reached its zenith during the latter days of the Second Temple.

Paul is said to have undertaken a number of excursions around Palestine in quest of Christian communities. Paul was entirely transformed during one of these journeys, which took him from Jerusalem to Damascus about the year 34 A.D.

Paul’s Conversion

There are four different tales of Paul’s conversion (Acts 9:3-19; 22:6-21; 26:12-18; and Galatians 1:12-16). It appears that Paul had a supernatural experience that caused him to conclude that Jesus was, in fact, the Messiah of Israel. He also believed that God had called him to proclaim the gospel of Jesus Christ to all peoples, which is consistent with the core spirit of these sources. A Christian named Ananais, according to the narrative, lay hands on him and returned his sight, and he was subsequently baptized as a result of this experience.

Paul spent the next three years of his life in Damascus, assisting Christians in their endeavors.

Once at Tarsus, Paul spent around six years preaching in various regions of Syria and Cilicia before returning to Antioch in Greece.

Missionary Journeys

Three lengthy travels in the eastern Mediterranean region were undertaken by Paul over the next 15 years. At the time of Paul’s journeys, that region of the world was under the protection of the Roman Empire, known as the Pax Romana. When it came to travel and communication, Paul had no problems at all. Fortified and affluent cities were linked by a network of well-guarded and well preserved highways that extended throughout the eastern Mediterranean and were serviced by Roman garrisons. A unified language, Koine Greek, was spoken throughout the eastern Mediterranean region and was utilized for all forms of communication and commerce.

  • Aside from that, maritime channels for business and passenger transportation connecting Palestine, Turkey, Greece, Italy, North Africa, and the principal Greek islands were made available for use by everybody.
  • A regular line of contact was maintained between these Jewish communities and the central authorities in Jerusalem at all times.
  • As a Jew, Paul traveled around these Jewish communities till the latter part of his life.
  • Until until the end of his life, Paul was permitted to attend services in the synagogues of the Jewish communities.
  • When Paul embarked on his first voyage, which began about 45 A.D., he traveled via Cyprus and southeastern Turkey before returning to Antioch along the same route.
  • In the year 52 A.D., he arrived in Tyre, on the coast of Palestine.
  • On his third tour, Paul set out from Antioch once more and journeyed across Turkey, stopping in at Ephesus and Chios before continuing on via Macedonia to reach mainland Greece for the second time.
  • During this third tour, Paul wrote his Letter to the Galatians, his two Letters to the Corinthians, and his Letter to the Romans, all of which were published after his death.
  • These writings were ultimately included in the Christian New Testament.
  • It is now generally accepted that the Letter to the Hebrews, the fourteenth letter in the New Testament and usually carrying Paul’s name, was written by a student of Paul’s.

The line between Jew and Gentile was, as a result, no longer discernible. To support his arguments, Paul frequently relied on passages from the Bible, interpreting them in accordance with the rabbinic approach of interpretation that he had learnt while studying in Jerusalem.

Attitude toward the Law and the Jews

Paul’s writings are notable for two aspects: their treatment of Jewish law and their treatment of the Jewish people as God’s chosen people. It is necessary to provide an explanation for his position on both issues. In relation to the law, Paul felt that, because Christ had arrived, the law had not only been altered and ennobled, but that it had been completely abolished and replaced. In later anti-Semitism, Paul’s words and notions were used to describe Jewish law, both oral and written, as just an exercise in legalities, and this was a source of inspiration.

  • According to this view, the law has lost all of its dignity and all of the redemption that was promised to the law has been transferred to the new law of Jesus.
  • In his latter years, it’s likely that Paul no longer felt the need to adhere to the rules of the law.
  • 49 A.D.) had released all Jewish converts to Christianity from any responsibility to observe Jewish law.
  • In order to advance in his teachings, Paul had to contend with ever-increasing resistance from the religious establishment in Jerusalem.
  • A continuous question, however, lingered in Paul’s mind concerning his attitude to the Jews as the chosen people.
  • He stated this, as he pointed out, since God’s decisions are final and irreversible.
  • Because of this, Paul used a ruse to get around it by claiming that while Jews were still the chosen people, they were now seeing through a veil of ignorance.
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Teaching Methods

Throughout his missionary missions, Paul’s teaching tactics remained essentially the same. At the beginning of each town visitation, he went to the local synagogue or other gathering place of the Jewish community and preached first to the Jewish community. Then he went out and preached to the Gentiles in the area. However, as Paul’s reputation grew more widely known and as the scope of his preaching increased, he came up against increasing resistance from the Jewish communities. As time went by, his sermons grew increasingly geared at Gentiles in nature.

The criticism of his former co-religionists was harsh from the start of his ministry, and he maintained that by keeping the law of Moses and refusing to believe in Jesus, they were delaying the fulfillment of their divinely appointed destiny as God’s chosen people.

As a result, hostility to Paul grew in Jewish communities across the Diaspora, and the news traveled back to Jerusalem that Paul constituted a threat to Judaism throughout the world.

Final Journey

Following returning to Jerusalem after his third missionary voyage, Paul proposed a trip to Rome and Spain to his fellow missionaries. A group of Asian Jews recognized him during his visit and promptly assaulted him, accusing him of being a renegade and a nuisance for the Jewish community. Paul was spared from certain death by the Roman civil authorities, who interfered during the subsequent riot. Paul was detained because he was believed to be the source of the disturbance. His life was saved from assassination because he was a Roman citizen, and he was subsequently brought to the Roman seaside capital of Caesarea, where he was tried by the Roman procurator, Felix.

At the spring of 60 A.D., he arrived in Rome after a lengthy sea expedition.

Except for the fact that he may have paid a visit to Spain before his death, nothing is known about his following life.

Paul’s Influence

Paul’s effect as a theologian and thinker has been enormous and all-encompassing throughout the later development of Christian thought and doctrine. He was the first Christian thinker to formalize the teachings of Jesus and his close disciples into a set of ideas that could be taught to others. Take the fundamental facts of Jesus’ life and his principal articulation of teaching and shape them into the simple language of a Semite and Judaic thinker, and you have Paul’s version of the gospels. Theological synthesis defined by universalism of salvation, a sophisticated theology of grace, and the primary role of Jesus as both man and God was achieved via the use of Paul’s Hellenistic background and methodical instruction.

  1. Augustine drew on Paul’s beliefs in order to arrange his own thought, the doctrines of Paul became the foundation for all future Roman Catholic theological growth and formulation up to and including the twentieth century.
  2. Albertus Magnus, St.
  3. Thomas Aquinas leaned on Paul’s writings to help justify and validate their own thoughts and theories.
  4. Rather than adhering to the metaphysical ideas that had grown in Christianity over the course of 1,500 years, these religious philosophers chose to return to Paul’s text.

Further Reading on St. Paul

The amount of information available on St. Paul is enormous. For example, Robert Sencourt’s Saint Paul: Envoy of Grace (1948) and Amédée Brunot’s Saint Paul and His Message (1959) are both studies by Roman Catholic authors (trans. 1959). A number of Protestant works on Paul have been published, including William M. Ramsay’s St. Paul the Traveller and the Roman Citizen (1895), Martin Dibelius’ Paul (translated 1953), William Barclay’s The Mind of St. Paul (1958), and Walter Schmithals’ The Office of Apostle in the Early Church (1995).

According to Joseph Klausner’s From Jesus to Paul (translated in 1943), Paul’s position in early Christianity is examined from the perspective of a Jewish scholar.

Davies, explores the effect of Judaism on Paul’s beliefs and is available online.

The following authors have written about Paul: Charles H.

Dodd, The Meaning of Paul for Today (1920); Alan H. McNeile,St. Paul: His Life, Letters, and Christian Doctrine (1920); Wilfred L. Knox,St. Paul and the Church of Jerusalem (1925); and Johannes Weiss, The History of Primitive Christianity (1925). (1937).

Who was St Paul? Everything You Need to Know

Lists of items to consider: The Apostle Paul, often known as Paul the Apostle, was a Christian apostle and one of the leaders of the first generation of Christians. He is included on a number of recommended lists. He is regarded as one of the most prominent personalities of the Apostolic Age for his work in disseminating the teachings of Jesus throughout the first century. In spite of his prominence in the Christian movement, he had many adversaries and opponents, and he did not have the same level of respect as the apostles Peter and James.

  1. His participation in the persecution of early Christians is said to have preceded his conversion, and he is said to have been present at the martyrdom of St.
  2. However, after having a remarkable experience and seeing a tremendous vision, he was driven to forsake his anti-Christianity attitude and accept Jesus Christ as his personal Savior and Lord.
  3. In the following years, he established other Christian communities throughout Asia Minor and Europe.
  4. In many regions of the world, his epistles continue to have an impact on both the Protestant and Catholic faith traditions.
  5. Paul is thought to have been born in the year 5 AD to a devoted Jewish family headquartered in the city of Tarsus.
  6. At the time of his birth, his birthplace was one of the most significant towns in Asia Minor, and it still is today.
  7. “Saul” was Paul’s given Jewish name.

Paul has referred to himself as a member of “the stock of Israel” in several of his surviving letters, which is a reference to his Jewish heritage.

His ancestors were Pharisees, according to some sources, and he was born of Pharisees.

When he was a young man, he traveled to Jerusalem to further his education.

Historiographers, on the other hand, feel that despite his studies under Gamaliel, he never wanted to become a scholar of Jewish law.

He had a solid grounding in the Stoic school of thought.

He was most likely employed in the leather crafting or tent-making industry as a vocation.

Continue reading farther down this page.

This was something he himself said several times in his writings.

Because of their anti-Temple stance, it is thought that his early persecution of Christians was aimed towards Greek-speaking “Hellenists” rather than other Christians.

Stephen’s martyrdom, which he saw.

For three days, he didn’t eat or drink anything, and he spent his time in intensive devotion to the Almighty.

Paul was in great distress.

Paul was able to regain his sight almost quickly and afterwards turned to Christianity.

Work in the Missions Once convinced that Jesus was the Messiah and God’s Son, Paul saw it as his divine responsibility to go across the globe and teach the message of Jesus Christ.

They ultimately returned to Antioch after preaching to a variety of individuals along the journey.

On Sabbath, he went to the synagogue and taught the account of Jesus’ life.

A disagreement between Paul and the apostle Peter happened at Antioch during the Apostolic Age as a result of Peter’s unwillingness to share a meal with Gentile Christians.

Uncertainty surrounds the eventual conclusion of the incident.

He and his friends, Silas and Timothy, traveled to Macedonia in order to preach to the people who lived in the region.

Around the years 50-52, Paul was at Corinth for a total of 18 months.

Afterwards, Paul proceeded on his own to Caesarea before continuing on to Antioch.

He also traveled to Ephesus, which was a significant center of early Christian activity.

A number of religious miracles were achieved by him during his visit as well.

He lived in Greece for a few months, and it is thought that it was at this period that he dictated hisEpistle to the Romans.

His journey began in Caesarea, where he spent some time with Philip the Evangelist before making his way to the Holy City of Jerusalem.

His detractors, on the other hand, thought that he was breaking the law, and he soon recognized that he had created some enemies.

Paul, along with his colleagues, was transported to Rome, where he was to be tried for the crimes that he was accused of committing.

While he was awaiting trial, he continued to preach from his residence.

Paul was slain during the Neronian Persecution, according to the Greek historian Eusebius. Tertullian, a Christian author, claims that Paul was executed by beheading. The Aquae Salviae is where he was martyred, according to a later tradition about the place.

The Apostle Paul and His Times: Christian History Timeline

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The Apostle Paul’s BirthEducation

6th century A.D. Born to Jewish parents in Tarsus (modern eastern Turkey) about the year 20–30, he became a Roman citizen. In Jerusalem, he studies the Torah under Gamaliel and eventually becomes a Pharisee. 30–33 In Jerusalem and Judea, followers of Jesus of Nazareth are subjected to persecution.


C. 33–36; C. 33–36; C. 33–36; C. 33–36; C. 33–36; C. 33–36; C. 33–36; C. 33–36; C. 33–36; C. 33–36; C. 33–36; C. 33–36; C. 33–36; C. 33–36; C. 33–36; C. 33–36; C. 33–36; C. 33–36; C. 33–36 In Damascus, he is converted while on his trip; after three years in Arabia, he returns to Damascus to preach Jesus as the Messiah. In response to persecution, Paul flees Damascus and travels to Jerusalem, where he meets with the apostles. 36–44 The preaches that occur in Tarsus and the surrounding area 44–46 Barnabas had invited me to teach at Antioch46, and I accepted.

Mission Trips

47–48 49At the Council of Jerusalem, Paul successfully argues that Gentile Christians are not need to adhere to Jewish law; this is the first missionary tour with Barnabas. returning to Antioch and confronting Peter on the issue of Jewish law. 49–52 Second missionary voyage with Silas, this time across Asia Minor and Greece; he stays in Corinth and sends letters to the Thessalonian church52. Visits Jerusalem and Antioch for a brief period of time before embarking on his third missionary tour.

Travels to Greece and probably Illyricum (modern Yugoslavia), and sends a letter to the Romans throughout his journey.

Paul’s ArrestDeath

57–59 Back in Jerusalem, he is captured and imprisoned at Caesarea59–60. He appears before Festus and pleads to Caesar; he then embarks on a journey to Rome. Paul is under house detention in Rome and writes letters to the Philippians, Ephesians, Colossians, and Philemon while under house arrest. 62–64 He is released, and he travels to Spain? He also sends letters to Timothy and Titus64. Returns to Rome, where he is crucified. Congratulations, you have reached the conclusion of this Article Preview.

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St. Paul – Saints & Angels

One of the most important and influential saints of all time, Saint Paul is also one of the most well-known. Many of his works are included in the Bible’s Canon, and they have had an impact on the formation and development of the Church from its founding in the first century. St. Paul was previously known as Saul, and he was both a Roman citizen and a Pharisee at the time of his conversion. He even presided over the persecutions of the early Christians and was present at St. Stephen’s martyrdom, which he ruled over.

  1. He was officially baptized and received the name Paul as a result.
  2. He also paid a visit to St.
  3. Over the course of his travels, he preached nonstop, frequently eliciting criticism and ire from people who rejected his message.
  4. Paul eventually made his way back to Tarsus, the city where he was born.
  5. After a year in Antioch, a famine erupted in Jerusalem, prompting the duo to be transported to the city with alms to alleviate the situation.
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Later, Paul and Barnabus embarked on a mission to Cypress and other cities around Asia Minor.

Following the establishment of his churches, Paul maintained contact with the believers, frequently sending letters to respond to queries and resolve disagreements between them.

It is thought that Paul penned further letters, which were lost even before the Church established the Bible as a canon of scripture.

Paul traveled extensively around Europe, spending the most of his time in Macedonia, Greece, and Italy.

He journeyed again, was shipwrecked in Malta, and was imprisoned for another two years for preaching in Rome.

The apostle Paul continued to preach in spite of his captivity.

During the reign of the crazy Emperor Nero, Paul was captured in Rome for the second time, and this time he was executed by beheading.

Paul is considered to be one of the most well-known, intellectual, and influential of the apostles.

As a result, it is likely that he preached at the request of St.

Among other things, St.

His feast day is June 29, when he is commemorated with Saint Peter, but he is also commemorated on other days throughout the year, including January 25, when he was converted, February 16, when he was shipwrecked, and November 18, when his Basilica was officially dedicated.

Library : The Life of St. Paul

Salvatore J.Ciresi is the author of this piece.


Sal Ciresi presents a concise account of the life of St. Paul, based on the text of Scripture.

Larger Work

The Arlington Catholic Herald is a weekly newspaper published in Arlington, Virginia.


The Diocese of Arlington issued a statement on March 7, 2002. Men and women of eminence have long distinguished themselves in the Catholic Church. St. Augustine (d. 430) is notable for his remarkable conversion experience. St. Teresa of Avila (d. 1582) left a deep spiritual legacy in the form of her writings. St. Robert Bellarmine (d. 1621) made a name for himself as a result of his extraordinary intelligence. Her real piety has made St. Therese Lisieux (d. 1897) famous all across the world. Countless more, who are only known to God, can be joined along with these dedicated members of the Church.

  1. Paul the Apostle was an illustrious member who possessed the attributes mentioned above.
  2. St.
  3. A.D.
  4. Acts 22:3), which was the provincial capital and was under Hellenistic (Greek) influence at the time of his birth.
  5. Due to his status as a Tarsusian, the Apostle was able to claim citizenship in both Tarsus and Rome.
  6. Paul was called before the authorities to defend himself as a Christian “troublemaker,” he was able to exploit his dual citizenship as a beneficial tool (cf.
  7. It should come as no surprise that the Apostle’s upbringing encouraged both learning and religious devotion (cf.

Paul would have been learning Hebrew and studying the Old Testament at the age of five, if not earlier.

In addition, due of Tarsus’ Hellenistic heritage, it is possible that St.

Sacred Scripture verifies the Apostle’s use of both the Hebrew and the Greek languages in his writings (cf.


Acts 7:58), which can be translated as “asked of Yahweh,” and his Roman name “Paulus,” which may be translated as “Paul.” St.

Acts 7:58) can be translated as “asked of Yahweh” (cf.


1 Pet.

Even today, the practice of affixing a “first” and “middle” name appears to be a continuation of this old custom.



According to 1 Samuel 10:17—11:15, this specific tribe was the one that produced Monarch Saul, the first king of that chosen country.

Deuteronomy 33:12), which served as a source of pride for St.



Acts 26:5) and that he had maintained “the Law” with a high degree of perfection and passion (cf.


It is possible that this instructor was the same Gamaliel who appeared before the Sanhedrin and requested tolerance on behalf of the Christians (cf.

A trade that St.

Acts 18:3) and which he used to support his missionary work as a form of financial support is mentioned in Acts 18:3.

1 Cor.

With appropriate stress on honest manual labor (see 2 Thess.

Paul wrote his letter to the churches at Corinth, Greece (Eph.

The conversion of St.

In Acts 9:1-9, the Apostle Paul recounts this historic occurrence that occurred during his journey to Damascus; the tale has also been told on two other times (cf.


It is the Savior’s statements about His connection to the Church, reported in Acts 9:4 (“why do you persecute Me?”), that serve as the foundation for a concept that St.



Paul on the Christian faith is immense.

The devout, without a doubt, can understand the magnificence of this inspired Apostle, God’s chosen vehicle in the early years of the Catholic Church.

Ciresi is a member of the Christendom College faculty of the Notre Dame Graduate School of Business. The Arlington Catholic Herald published an article in 2002 titled All intellectual property rights are retained. This digital reproduction of item 8219 is given courtesy of CatholicCulture.org.

The Life of Paul

Paul’s given name is Saul, which means “son of Saul.” He was born into a Jewish family in the city of Tarsus, where he spent his early years. His birth in a Roman “free city” confers on him the right to become a citizen of the Roman Empire, a privilege he will take use of later in life. When Paul is young, he receives religious instruction from the most prestigious Rabbinical institution in Jerusalem. It is led by Pharisee Gamaliel, who is well-known and respected in the community. Paul is thirty years old when he is called to the stand as an official witness to Stephen’s stoning.

Following the assassination of Stephen, he becomes the leader of the first big wave of persecution against the early church.

You were aware of my (Paul’s) previous conduct when I was a member of Judaism, how I was excessively persecuting the church of God and was destroying it; and I was progressing in Judaism far beyond many of my contemporaries in my own nation, being more abundantly zealous for the traditions of my fathers.” (Galatians 1:13 – 14, HBFV) (Galatians 1:13 – 14) When it came to Paul’s persecutions of the early New Testament church, how severe were they?

  • His determination to exterminate individuals who adhered to Jesus’ teachings prompted him to take risky activities, such as travelling from home to house in search of believers (Acts 8:1, 3).
  • He obtains official authorization from the temple’s High Priest in order to purge the city’s synagogues of everyone who does not adhere to “the way.” His goal is to apprehend individuals who believe that Jesus is the Messiah and transport them back to Jerusalem for execution on the cross.
  • During his journey, a spotlight from heaven falls on him (Saul), and the voice of Jesus calls out, “Saul, Saul, why do you persecute Me?” (See also Acts 9:4) God causes him to become blind, and he must be guided to the city by his traveling companions.
  • In addition, God heals him of his blindness.
  • Until his death at the age of sixty-six, he had a remarkable ministry that lasted for forty-five years.
  • His participation in the stoning of Stephen was one of the most significant events and accomplishments in Paul’s lifetime.
  • At least one person is raised from the dead throughout the course of his ministry, and he is himself raised from the dead after being stoned to death.
  • His additional contributions to the Bible include the writing of no fewer than fourteen volumes (epistles), training other evangelists and gospel preachers such as John Mark and Timothy, and serving a total of more than five years in jail.

Finally, in our final session, we will tie everything together with a rudimentary Bible chronology, which will demonstrate the story flow of the Bible. The previous lesson and the following lesson are intertwined.

Paul the Apostle

In the book of Acts, Paul was a follower ofJesus Christ who famously came to Christianity while on the way to Damascus, having previously persecuted the exact adherents of the community that he had recently joined. In reality, as we will see, Paul is more accurately defined as a co-founder of the faith, rather than as a conversion from another religion. Scholars ascribe seven books of the New Testament to Paul, who was a well-known teacher and missionary who traveled throughout Asia Minor and present-day Greece during his lifetime.

A Founder of Christianity

As recent as the twentieth century, historians have come to see Paul as the true founder of the religious movement that would eventually become Christianity. Paul was a Jew from the Diaspora who belonged to the Pharisees’ party. He had a vision of the resurrected Jesus, which he shared with others. Following this encounter, he traveled extensively across the eastern Roman Empire, bringing the “good news” that Jesus would soon return from heaven and usher in the rule of God (the kingdom). Instead of forming a new religion, Paul felt that his generation was the last to live before the end of time, when this age will be converted into something else.

  • As a result, Paul may be seen as the creator of Christianity as a distinct religion distinct from Judaism and other religions.
  • Tarsus was then located in the province of Cilicia, which is now known as modern Turkey.
  • Many of the conventional features of Paul’s life have been supplied by Luke, yet the majority of these elements are in direct conflict with what Paul himself has revealed in his writings.
  • Paul himself claims that he only visited Jerusalem twice, and even then, he only stayed for a few days on each occasion.
  • A vision of the resurrected Jesus, who appeared to Paul and commissioned him to serve as an apostle among the nations, according to Paul.

After everything is said and done, it is typically preferable to reference Paul’s letters rather than Luke’s account when it comes to historicity, especially when it comes to Paul’s motive and real activity.

Paul’s Works

We have 14 writings in the New Testament that have traditionally been attributed to Paul, but the academic majority today thinks that only seven of those letters were genuinely authored by Paul:

  • Among the New Testament books are 1 Thessalonians, Galatians, Philemon, Philippians, 12 Corinthians, Romans, and Titus.
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The others were most likely authored by a follower of Paul, who used Paul’s name to convey authority in the writings of others. It is our understanding that these writings were circumstantial in nature, which means that they were never intended to be systematic theologies or treatises on Christianity. In other words, the letters are solutions to specific issues and conditions that have arisen in a variety of communities around the world. They were not penned as universal commandments to serve as Christian dogma, but rather as a result of the passage of time, they gained in relevance and significance.

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Paul’s Conversion

According to Paul, who was a Pharisee, when it came to “the Law,” he was more enthusiastic than everyone else and understood more about the law than anybody else. The Law at issue in most of his writings was the Law of Moses, which he defended vigorously. He was a descendant of the tribe of Benjamin (and thus Luke could use the prior name Saul, a quite famous Benjaminite name; name changes often go with a change of viewpoint in terms of a new person – Abram toAbraham, Jacob toIsrael, Simon to Peter, etc.) He has also become the most well-known convert in the history of the world.

However, the term “convert” is not the most appropriate description of his situation.

There are two issues with this notion when it is applied to Paul: first, it is ambiguous.

  • The Christian religion was virtually non-existent at the time, and he had little choice but to convert. When it comes to knowing what he would have considered himself, Paul himself is equivocal.

He says, “While among the gentiles, I acted like a gentile, and when among the Jews, I acted as a Jew; I was all things to all men,” but this does not assist us settle the issue at all. When discussing what occurred to Paul, it is perhaps more accurate to state that he was called by God, following in the tradition of the prophets of ancient Israel who were called by God. In Galatians, Paul claims to have had a vision of the resurrected Jesus, who appointed him to be the Apostle to the Gentiles after commissioning him.

  • Since everyone was well aware that he had never been a member of Jesus’ inner circle, Paul used a clear order from Jesus to demonstrate that he possessed equal authority to the previous Apostles.
  • Paul’s appointment as the Apostle to the Gentiles came as a surprise to him because, as he openly confesses, he had previously persecuted the church of God in his former life.
  • The majority of academics are divided on what this signifies.
  • The reason for his actions is never explained, and he never provides any explanation as to why he committed them.

According to Luke, this is exaggeration because the high priest at the time did not have such authority, particularly in another region. Anonymous, based on a Catacomb Etching of the Saints Peter and Paul (CC BY-SA)

Paul as a Persecutor

Paul is most likely the one who administered the 39 lashes, which were a kind of synagogue discipline at the time. However, this creates even more questions. Synagogue councils were only able to act if a majority of the congregation agreed with their decisions. Paul could have easily walked away from this situation, but he chose not to – does this suggest that he still considered himself to be a Jew, once more? And, once again, what was it that he was punished with lashes for? What were the statements and actions of Christians that might result in disciplinary action?

  1. Christians taught that the Law of Moses was unjust. However, when it came to gentiles, they were never supposed to observe the Law in the first place
  2. Christians were energizing the populace with messianic zeal instead of following the Law. A brief history of the decades leading up to the Jewish Revolt is provided here. Did synagogue authorities consider such preaching to be a threat to the peace of their community in relation to Rome? Christians and Jews were engaged in a fierce competition for the souls of gentiles who frequented the synagogues, and Jews perceived the Christians as a threat to their recruitment areas. This is demonstrably wrong
  3. Judaism was not a missionary religion, and Paul, like John, contained a high level of Christological thought. Because of his vision of Jesus in paradise, he believes that Jesus has already attained deification in his eyes. And he argued for the worship of Jesus, which is considered to be the watershed moment in the relationship between Jews and Christians. His epistle to the Philippians includes the following song, which he had learned from his father:

Have the same thinking as Christ Jesus when it comes to your interpersonal connections. The one who, being God in essence, did not consider equality with God something to be exploited for his own gain;7 rather, he made himself nothing by adopting the exact character of a servant, having been created in the shape of a human person. 8 And, having been discovered in human form, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to death—even death on a cross!9 As a result, God exalted him to the highest place and gave him the name that is above every name,10 so that at the mention of Jesus’ name, every knee should bow, in heaven, on earth, and under the earth,11 and every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father!

The phrase “that every knee should bend” denotes reverence.

This is the point at which Christians would begin the process of detaching themselves from the mother faith.

Paulthe Law

As far as Paul was concerned, his role was to spread “the good news” to the Gentiles. Almost everything he says on the Law is in reference to this subject matter. In Israelite tradition, the Law of Moses was never thought to apply to gentiles, and as a result, gentiles are not required to undergo circumcision, adhere to food requirements, or observe Sabbath regulations. These three are the primary emphasis since they are physical rituals that keep groups apart, and Paul intended to dismantle barriers that existed between different cultures.

  1. A primary reason is because it was very certainly his experience; he most likely witnessed some manifestation of the spirit take place when gentiles were baptized (for example, speaking in tongues, the room shaking, prophesy, and so on), and as a result, he became persuaded.
  2. Paul, on the other hand, has a problem.
  3. He placed a high value on the Rule of Law.
  4. He can never declare that the Law is bad, and so he supports it, but at the same time, it does not apply to gentiles.
  5. He does this by painting himself into a corner, which leads to the production of centuries of scholarly publications and comments on the very same subject matter as his own.
  6. Initially, Paul’s idea was to build villages across the Eastern Empire, and then to remain in touch with them by letters or to visit them to see how they were getting along.
  7. Apparently, following Paul’s departure, others appeared and preached a gospel that differed from his.
  8. In his words, “Even if it is delivered by angels, there is no other gospel save the gospel of Jesus Christ.” This new gospel called for circumcision, food regulations, and Sabbath obligations, all of which were things that Paul had campaigned against in the first place.
  9. After consulting scripture, he discovered his justification in the tale of Abraham’s call recorded in Genesis 12.
  10. What is the reason, then, that God gave Moses the Law, which places restrictions on inclusion?
  11. Apedagogus was a tutor, most commonly a slave, who accompanied young boys to school and also taught them in the comfort of their own homes, according to legend.

However, Christ has now been identified as the ” telosof the Law.” According to some Bibles, this is translated as “the conclusion of the Law,” although it is more appropriately translated as “the purpose of the Law.” Does this imply that Jewish followers of Christ are no longer required to adhere to the Law of Moses?

  1. Gentiles, according to Paul, are saved solely by faith in Christ, not via deeds of the Law.
  2. His gentile subjects were to be exempt from the requirements of circumcision, food prohibitions, and Sabbath regulations, but they were not exempt from the whole Law.
  3. Using current social scientific methodologies, E.
  4. Sanders investigates Paul’s ideas on the Law and finds that Paul follows a pattern of religion, or a pattern of how one comes into and then stays in, in his book, Paul.
  5. Another of Paul’s phrases became the foundation for years of debate, which culminated in Martin Luther’s split from the Roman Catholic Church in 1517.
  6. What he meant by works of the Law were the ceremonial boundaries that separated communities, such as circumcision, food rules, and so on.
  7. A close reading of Paul’s writings reveals that he is not railing against Judaism per se, but rather against other Christians who feel that gentiles must first become Jews before they can be accepted into the society.

We believe they were most likely gentile-Christians rather than Jews.

In his letter to the Galatians, Paul claims that after several years on the mission field, he traveled to Jerusalem for a conference with the Gentiles (which may or may not be the meeting Luke relates in Acts 15).

And, according to Luke, gentiles had been authorized during Peter’s meeting with Cornelius, so why is it necessary to meet again to resolve the matter years later?

Perhaps some gentile-Christians felt they had made a mistake by not becoming Jews first, and they reasoned that by doing so, they would be able to accelerate the passage of time till the end.

Based on his personal experience, he concluded that when his gentile subjects turned to the God of Israel, it was an indication that the end was near (an element of the prophetic tradition concerning the final intervention by God).

In other words, the kingdom is dependent on Paul’s ability to reach as many gentiles as possible. As soon as it is completed, the Jews will see the light and decide to join us (Romans9-11).


We are unable to confirm Paul’s death or the manner in which he died. It is believed that Paul’s letter to the Romans, which is one of his final extant works, was written to inform his readers that he would be traveling to Jerusalem for a visit and then returning to Rome to meet with them (with plans to continue on to Spain). Luke related the narrative of Paul’s detention in Jerusalem, where he (as a Roman citizen) had the right to appeal to the Roman emperor on the basis of his Roman citizenship.

Paul’s trial in Rome is only mentioned in later chronicles, in the 2nd century CE, and the legends surrounding it are apocryphal (with alleged letters between Paul and the Stoic philosopher,Seneca).

It would be years later that this location would be transformed into the modern basilica in Rome, St.

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