Where Is Saint Pierre

5 really cool things about Saint-Pierre and Miquelon

A group of islands located just off the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador are not considered to be part of the province. They aren’t even from Canada, to be honest! Located in the Caribbean, Saint-Pierre and Miquelon is the last remaining piece of French territory in North America. They are extremely different from Newfoundland and Labrador, which makes them a must-see when in the area. Indeed, the tourism industries of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon and the Burin Peninsula, located in Eastern Newfoundland, are intertwined and mutually beneficial to both.

Here are some of the most interesting facts about the country that is the closest to Newfoundland and Labrador.

It was French, then English, French then English, and eventually French again

St-Pierre More than anything, the history of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon has been one of upheaval. Historically, they have been a piece of land that has been traded back and forth, often brutally, between the French and the English as they fought wars throughout the world. Although the islands were originally a French colony, the British gained control of them many times during the course of their history: in 1713, in 1778, in 1794, in 1803, and in 1815, with the French regaining power in between each of these occupations.

It was a rum runner’s paradise

During the Prohibition era, French spirits were in high demand. During the 1920s during the American prohibition era, Saint-Pierre and Miquelon played an important role in the smuggling of alcoholic beverages into the United States, with famed mobsters establishing operations on the island. As a matter of fact, Al Capone visited the islands and was a guest at the Hotel Robert, which is still in operation today.

It has one island that’s actually two islands!

Doc Searls captured this image. Perhaps the islands of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon should be referred to as Saint-Pierre and Miquelon and Langlade instead of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon and Langlade. The biggest island, officially known as Miquelon-Langlade, is shaped like a dumbbell, with the northern part being Miquelon and the southern portion being Langlade. It is theoretically the largest island in the world. The Dune de Langlade, a semi-permanent sandy isthmus, is the only thing that unites them.

You can travel through time

In its journey, the Nordet ferry crosses several time zones. While Newfoundland is well-known for having its own eccentric 30-minute time zone, Saint-Pierre and Miquelon is a whole other story. They, too, have their own time zone, which is 30 minutes ahead of Newfoundland time in this particular instance. It’s 12:30 p.m. in Saint-Pierre at noon in Newfoundland, 11:30 a.m. in Halifax, and 10:30 a.m. in Toronto when it’s noon in Newfoundland. Technically, this makes Saint-Pierre and Miquelon the first place in North America to ring in the New Year, according to Wikipedia.

It’s an unusual peculiarity that this one-of-a-kind time zone offers. Given the fact that you must go west by ferry from Fortune to reach St. Pierre, it is one of the few time zones on the planet where you will be forced to set your watch forward as you journey westward.

It’s France!

The best of French cuisine is waiting for you! Even though Saint-Pierre and Miquelon is geographically close to Newfoundland and shares its climate and terrain, one might be forgiven for assuming that they will be culturally similar to Newfoundland and Labrador. There is nothing that could be further from the truth! When traveling to Saint-Pierre, you will pass through customs (be sure to bring your passport! ), you will use the Euro, and you will be exposed to French cuisine, wine, music, and, of course, the French language.

Despite the fact that Newfoundland is the most eastern section of North America, Saint-Pierre is the most western portion of Europe, at least in terms of culture!

And one bonus quirky fact about Newfoundland

Because of their close proximity to the island of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, as well as their tiny size, they are reliant on the island in certain respects. Family and friends have established many intimate ties, and the residents of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon go to the island of Newfoundland on a regular basis to see their relatives. Cars with European license plates are not rare in Newfoundland, making it the only area in North America where you will see this on a regular basis, despite the fact that it is not a daily occurrence.

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon – Wikitravel

Saint-Pierre and Miquelonare a small group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, located at the mouth of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, at 19 kilometres fromNewfoundland. First settled by the French in the early 17th century, the islands represent the sole remaining vestige ofFrance ‘s once vast North American empire, New France.

Islands

Map of the islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon In addition to Saint-Pierre (population: 5,500), Miquelon-Langlade (population: 600), l’Ile aux Marins, and many tiny uninhabited islands, the archipelago includes the islands of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon-Langlade.

Saint-Pierre

The smaller of the two inhabited islands, the sole town with a large population (the capital), and the hub of activity are all located on the smaller island.

Miquelon

In addition to the bigger island (really three islands joined by drifting sand) and settlement, there is Basque and Acadian heritage, a huge amount of wildlife, modest farming activities, and vacation residences to be found here.

Understand

As a French colony, Saint-Pierre was established in the early 17th century, but was later abandoned under the Treaty of Utrecht and returned to France in 1763, at the conclusion of the Seven Years’ War. In addition, the islands became a haven for Acadian deportees from Nova Scotia who were fleeing their homeland. Saint-Pierre appears regularly in discussions of British-French ties in North America. Furthermore, it benefited greatly from US Prohibition, which did not apply in this region of France since it was a part of the United States.

It shares many similarities with its northern neighbor, Newfoundland, in that it is a major fishing center located adjacent to the Grand Banks, which are some of the world’s best fishing grounds.

As a result, tourism is becoming more and more vital to the overall economy of the country.

Pierre and Miquelon is an excellent choice for individuals who enjoy historical and cultural exploration, eco-tourism, and learning the French language.

As a part of France, the region has many characteristics with the rest of Europe, as well as with its Canadian and American neighbors.

Tourist information

+1 508 41 02 00, Visitor Information Center, Place du Général de Gaulle, BP 4274, F97500, Saint-Pierre and Miquelon

Get in

Despite the fact that Saint-Pierre and Miquelon are French territory and, as a result, are members of the European Union, they are not members of the Schengen Area, and as a result, their immigration processes differ from those in France. holders of a Canadian identification document (such as a driver’s licence or student card that includes a photograph of the card holder) who travel directly from Canada to Saint-Pierre and Miquelon do not require a passport to enter the country for stays of up to three months in any six-month period.

Passports are required for all other countries.

Persons from the following countries: Antigua and Barbuda; Argentina; Australia; Bahamas; Barbados; Brazil; Brunei; Chile; Colombia; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Hong Kong; Israel; Japan; Kiribati; Macau; Marshall Islands; Mauritius; Micronesia; Mexico; New Zealand; Nicaragua; Panama; Paraguay; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Seychelles; South Korea; Tonga; Tuvalu; United States; If you are a citizen of one of the following countries:Albania,Bosnia and Herzegovina,Georgia,Macedonia,Montenegro,Serbia, or Ukraine, you do not need a visa and can remain for up to three months if you hold a biometric passport.

Citizens of Taiwando do not require a visa and may remain in the country for up to three months, providing that their passport has their ID number.

All other nationalities will be required to get a visa for Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, which may be obtained at a French embassy or consulate in their home country.

By plane

The majority of flights to Saint-Pierre and Miquelon originate in Canada, however during the summer months, direct flights between Paris and Saint-Pierre and Miquelon are available as well. Visitors from specified countries will be required to get a transit visa in Canada. Air service to Saint-Pierre is provided by Air Saint-Pierre, which can be reached at:

  • St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Halifax, Nova Scotia
  • Montreal, Quebec
  • Sydney, New Brunswick
  • Stephenville, Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Paris, France

By car

Driving from Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, to Saint-Pierre necessitates passing through the province of Quebec and boarding the ferry.

  • From Argentia, go northeast on Route 100 until you reach the Trans Canada Highway (Route 1). Route 1 West will get you to Route 210. Take Route 210 southwest until you reach Route 220. Take the 220 to Fortune Street.
  • Leaving Port aux Basques, head north on the Trans Canada Highway (Route 1). Follow Route 1 East until it intersects with Route 210. Take Route 210 southwest until you reach Route 220. Take the 220 to Fortune Street.

Because the island of Newfoundland has a moose population of over 100,000, it is important to drive carefully and attentively, especially at night. Remember that striking a moose is not the same as hitting a deer; a moose is a large beast, and your automobile will collide with its legs, causing the majority of its weight to be thrown through the windshield and onto you and your vehicle.

Death or serious injury might ensue depending on the size of your vehicle and the speed at which it is traveling.

By bus

Those traveling through Newfoundland through Port aux Basques can take advantage of DRL Coachlines Ltd.’s daily scheduled passenger coach service between St. John’s and Port aux Basques on the island. Despite the fact that DRL’s headquarters are in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, they may be reached toll-free at 1-888-738-8091. Contact their St. John’s office by phone at 1-709-738-8088 if you need to get in touch with them. Newhook’s Transportation is another bus company that runs between Port Aux Basques and St.

You may reach them by phone at 1-709-726-4876.

By boat

Throughout the year, the Marine Atlantic ferry service connects North Sydney, Nova Scotia, with Port aux Basques, Newfoundland and Labrador(on the west coast of the island of Newfoundland), and with Argentia, Newfoundland and Labrador(about 90 kilometers from St. John’s) during the summer. Weather and water conditions will determine how long it will take to complete the voyage, so patience will be required. It is recommended that you call Marine Atlantic ahead of time to book a reservation for your trip (call 1-800-341-7981).

It is only possible for commercial cars to make bookings if they pay double the normal rate.

The Marine Atlantic Ferries company, in general, caters to your every want by transporting everything from food and wine to gift stores, movies, and sleeping accommodations.

Once you get in Newfoundland, you may either drive or take a bus to Fortune (see By carBy bus).

Get around

As a result of Saint-modest Pierre’s size, getting about on foot is usually a simple matter of minutes. Those who are scared by the town’s infamously sloped streets may discover that renting a scooter is a more friendlier alternative to walking. Saint-Pierre is also serviced by a variety of taxi companies that provide guided tours of the city. Avid renters should be aware that there are just a few rental cars available on the island, so plan beforehand. The surrounding islands of île aux Marins, Langlande, and Miquelon may all be reached by ferry from the mainland.

Due to the fact that Miquelon is a much smaller town than Saint-Pierre, there are fewer hotels, stores, and restaurants in the area.

Activities

With “Le Caillou Blanc Tours,” you may take a minivan tour of Saint-Pierre and view the sites.

Discover Saint-Pierre through a one-of-a-kind experience. More information may be found on their website.

Talk

The French spoken in Saint-Pierre and Miquelon is quite close to the French used in Normandy, Brittany, and Paris, and it is very easy to understand. The people of the islands are extremely proud of their linguistic history. The closeness of Saint-Pierre to English-speaking Canada has made it a popular destination for anglophone students seeking to immerse themselves in the French language and culture while studying in France. A specialist language training facility known as the FrancoForum, which is owned and maintained by the local government in Saint-Pierre, is available on the islands.

A notable event hosted by the FrancoForum is the 3-month Le Programme Frecker immersion program for students at Memorial University in Newfoundland, Canada, which is the most well-known event hosted by the organization.

After reaching an agreement with the Conseil Général of Saint-Pierre in 2000, the program was relocated to the FrancoForum, which had just been completed.

Buy

Although the euro is the official currency in Saint-Pierre, as is the case across France, it is also usual for shops to take Canadian and American dollars as payment for goods and services.

Eat

The cuisine of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon is mostly French in style. Those who enjoy seafood should take note of the Miquelon Seafood Festival, which takes place every year in the middle of August in the little town of Miquelon. You will discover that dining out and savoring the fresh seafood is possible at some of the most reasonable costs in North America.

Drink

Both islands include a variety of hotels (several of which have been recently refurbished), bed & breakfasts, and rental flats, however none are very large – just a few of businesses on Saint Pierre have more than a dozen rooms, so make sure to book well in advance on both islands. Budget lodgings will cost approximately €35-50 per night, while a higher-end grade would cost around €70-80 per night.

Stay safe

Criminal activity is minimal in Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, making it one of the safest destinations in North America, according to official statistics.

Electricity

In contrast to practically everywhere else in North America, the majority of the country’s electricity is supplied by 220V mains. When traveling from a 110-120V nation (for example, Canada or the United States), keep in mind that using a euro-plug adaptor that does not down-convert the voltage can cause your appliance to burn out extremely rapidly. Electric clocks and motorized appliances should not be brought unless they can also be used with batteries or unless the manufacturer’s name plate clearly specifies that they can be operated at both 50 and 60 Hz.

For further details, please see the page on electrical systems. It should be noted that a few bed & breakfast establishments offer 110V outlets with North American plugs, albeit the frequency is still the European 50 Hz standard (affects clocks and motors).

Stay healthy

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon pose very few health threats. Be warned that the weather is often very chilly and a sweater comes in handy, even during the summer months. If a serious injury should occur, there is a small hospital located in the town of Saint-Pierre. Patients who require special treatment are usually sent to larger, better-equipped hospitals in Canada.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon – Travel guide at Wikivoyage

Saint Pierre and Miquelon are a tiny collection of islands located in the North Atlantic Ocean, south of the provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador, in the United States. French colonists first arrived on the islands in the early 17th century, and the islands are the only remaining remnant of France’s once-vast North American empire, known as New France.

Islands

Map of the islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon

  • Saint-Pierre is the smaller island, with the only significant populated town (the capital) and the most active center of activity
  • Miquelon is the larger island (actually three islands connected by drifted sand), with a village, Basque and Acadian history, and a large amount of wildlife, small farming operations, and summer homes
  • And Martinique is the largest island with a village, Basque and Acadian history, and a large amount of wildlife, small farming operations, and summer homes.

Understand

As a French colony, Saint-Pierre was established in the early 17th century, but was later abandoned under the Treaty of Utrecht and returned to France in 1763, at the conclusion of the Seven Years’ War. Deported Acadians from Nova Scotia found shelter on the islands, which became known as Acadian Territory. Saint-Pierre was a recurring character in ties between the United Kingdom and France in North America. It benefited greatly from Prohibition in the United States, which did not apply in this area because they were a part of France.

It shares many similarities with its northern neighbor, Newfoundland, in that it is a major fishing center located adjacent to the Grand Banks, which are some of the world’s best fishing grounds.

As a result, tourism is becoming more and more vital to the overall economy of the country.

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon is a magnificent location, regardless of its history, because of its mild refreshing temperature, its stunning scenery, the high quality of the air, and the warmth of its population, among other things.

Tourist information

  • Office de tourisme de la région (Comité Régional de Tourisme), Place du Général de Gaulle, tel. +508 410200, fax: +508 413355
  • Fax: +508 413355

Get in

COVID-19information:The Canadian Government has loosened its entry restrictions to fully vaccinated travelers. As of October 2021, any fully vaccinated foreign national may enter Canada provided an ArriveCAN declaration is prepared and if you have never been infected, a negative PCR test done within 72 hours of both your arrival in Canada and your arrival into Saint-Pierre and Miquelon. This means that domestic transfers within Canada as well as overland transit is now open once more. Note that testing requirements differ for entering Canada and for continuing to Saint-Pierre and Miquelon if you have previously had COVID and recovered; while Canada will accept a positive PCR test between 14 and 180 days old, Saint Pierre and Miquelon will not. Instead you must take an antigen test (which will return a negative result as soon as you are out of the most infectious stage) within 48 hours of departing for the islands.
(Information last updated 01 Oct 2021)

A jet from Air Saint-Pierre lands at Montreal International Airport. Despite the fact that Saint Pierre and Miquelon are French territory, they are not members of the Schengen Zone, and as a result, their immigration processes differ from those in France. If you are a Canadian resident and plan to stay longer than three months, you will need a passport; otherwise, some forms of photo ID will suffice (keep in mind that while the law states that “holders of a Canadian identification document are exempt from carrying a passport or visa for stays of less than 90 days per 180-day period,” this means that even non-citizens who have a Canadian driver’s license, provincial ID, or permanent resident card will be required to provide additional documentation).

Passports and, in some situations, visas will be required for everyone else. Consult with the French consulate or embassy in your area for further information. When approaching the island of Saint-Pierre, the majority of visitors are merely subjected to a perfunctory search.

By plane

Air service to Saint-Pierre is provided by Air Saint-Pierre, which can be reached at:

  • St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Halifax, Nova Scotia
  • Montréal and the Îles-de-la-Madeleine, Quebec
  • And other cities in the United States.

Only in July and August does Air Saint Pierre provide non-stop flights to and from Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport; these flights cost €550-580 per person (one way) and are only available once a week. Except for Canada, there are no other flights to Saint PierreFSPIATAand MiquelonMQCIATA from other countries. Because Canada does not permit sterile transit, visitors traveling to Saint Pierre and Miquelon will be required to get a multiple-entry Canadian Visa oreTA, even if they would otherwise be eligible for visa-free entry into Saint Pierre and Miquelon.

By car

Driving from Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, to Saint-Pierre necessitates passing through the province of Quebec and boarding the ferry.

  • From Argentia, go northeast on Route 100 until you reach the Trans Canada Highway (Route 1). Route 1 West will get you to Route 210. Take Route 210 southwest until you reach Route 220. Take the 220 to Fortune Street. Leaving Port aux Basques, head north on the Trans Canada Highway (Route 1). Follow Route 1 East until it intersects with Route 210. Take Route 210 southwest until you reach Route 220. Take the 220 to Fortune Street.

Because the island of Newfoundland has a moose population of over 100,000, it is important to drive carefully and attentively, especially at night. Remember that striking a moose is not the same as hitting a deer; a moose is a large beast, and your automobile will collide with its legs, causing the majority of its weight to be thrown through the windshield and onto you and your vehicle. Death or serious injury might ensue depending on the size of your vehicle and the speed at which it is traveling.

By bus

Several companies, including DRL Coachlines (+1 888 738 8091) and Newhook’s Transportation (+1 709 726-4876), provide transportation services on the Trans-Canada Highway between St. John’s and Port-aux-Basques. Disembark a little time afterClarenville and continue southwest towards Fortune, where you will catch the boat to St. Pierre. The distance between the Trans-Canada Highway and Fortune is approximately 200 kilometers, and there is no public transportation along that route. If you do not have access to a vehicle, hitchhiking or getting a cab from Clarenville are the most expedient choices.

By boat

  • SPM Ferries may be reached at +508 41-08-75. The SUROÎT and NORDET ferries connect Fortune, Newfoundland, with St. Pierre, Miquelon, and Longlade, respectively. SP, one-way fare: €45 for adults, €40 for seniors, €35 for children, plus €10 for bicycles. (Revised in March 2018)

Get around

As a result of Saint-modest Pierre’s size, getting about on foot is usually a simple matter of minutes. Those who are scared by the town’s infamously sloped streets may discover that renting a scooter is a more friendlier alternative to walking. Saint-Pierre is also serviced by a variety of taxi companies that provide guided tours of the city. If you’re a frequent renter, be aware that there are just a few rental automobiles available on the island. The surrounding islands of île aux Marins, Langlade, and Miquelon may all be reached by ferry from St.

The islands of Île aux Marins and Langlade are only inhabited during the summer months and do not have any facilities such as taxis, hospitals, or internet access. Due to the fact that Miquelon is a much smaller town than Saint-Pierre, there are fewer hotels, stores, and restaurants in the area.

Talk

There is a striking resemblance between the French spoken in Saint Pierre and Miquelon and that spoken in northern France (Normandy and Brittany). The people of the islands are extremely proud of their linguistic history. The closeness of Saint-Pierre to English-speaking Canada has made it a popular destination for Anglophone students seeking to immerse themselves in the French language and culture while studying in France. The FrancoForum, which is owned and run by the municipal government in Saint-Pierre, is a language-learning center for adults who are interested in learning a foreign language.

A notable event hosted by the FrancoForum is the 3-month Le Programme Frecker immersion program for students at Memorial University in Newfoundland, Canada, which is the most well-known event hosted by the organization.

In 2000, an agreement was struck with the Territorial Council of Saint-Pierre on the relocation of the program to the newly constructed FrancoForum, which opened in 2001.

See

Take in this small slice of France in the heart of North America.

Buy

As of the 4th of January, 2021, the following are the exchange rates for euros:

  • The US dollar is worth €0.816
  • The pound is at €1.12
  • The Australian dollar is worth €0.63
  • And the Canadian dollar is worth €0.642.

The value of the dollar fluctuates. You can get the most up-to-date exchange rates for these and other currencies at XE.com. The euro (” € “, ISO currency code: EUR) is the official currency, as is the case in the rest of France. It has been split into 100 cents units. Merchants in Saint-Pierre are likewise accustomed to accepting Canadian and United States currencies as payment for their goods and services. Credit cards with a chip and PIN are accepted almost everywhere, with the exception of bakeries.

Eat

The cuisine of Saint Pierre and Miquelon is mostly French in style. Those who enjoy seafood should take note of the Miquelon Seafood Festival, which takes place every year in the middle of August in the little town of Miquelon. However, there are only 500 tickets available, and they can only be purchased three to four days in advance in Miquelon.

Drink

Both islands offer a variety of hotels, bed & breakfasts, and rental flats, though none are very large – just a few of facilities on Saint Pierre have more than a dozen rooms, so make sure to book well in advance on either island.

Stay safe

Saint Pierre and Miquelon has a low crime rate, and this location should be regarded one of the safest in North America, if not the world. In contrast to practically everywhere else in North America, the majority of the time, the electricity mains voltage is 220 V. If you’re coming from a nation where the voltage is 110-120 V, keep in mind that a euro-plug converter does not lower the voltage, and as a result, your appliance will burn out rapidly.

For further details, please see the page on electrical systems. Notably, some bed and breakfast establishments feature 110 V outlets with North American plugs, while the frequency is still 50 Hz, which might cause problems with clocks and motors.

Stay healthy

Saint Pierre and Miquelon are not very dangerous to one’s health. Even during the summer months, the temperature may be cool, and a sweater is a must-have item of clothing. If a significant accident occurs, there is a tiny hospital in the town of Saint-Pierre that may be used for treatment. The majority of patients who require specialized care are transferred to larger, better-equipped hospitals in Canada.

Go next

The most logical course of action is to return to the country of origin. Take an aircraft to Halifax, Montreal, or St. John’s and spend the night there. If you prefer, you may take a ferry to Fort Fortune, Newfoundland. Seasonal flights to Paris are now available in the months of July and August.

St Pierre and Miquelon profile

The Atlantic islands of St Pierre and Miquelon, which sit off the coast of the Canadian island of Newfoundland, are the last remaining territories of France’s once-vast North American empire. Despite the fact that fishing is the primary economic activity, tourism is becoming increasingly significant, and the area is capitalizing on its reputation as “France in North America.” It is reliant on France for subsidies, as well as on Canada for products and transportation connections. After periods of French and British administration, the land was returned to France in 1816, and it was designated as a French “territorial collectivity” in 1985, when it was designated as such.

The earliest Europeans were drawn to the islands by the abundance of fish stocks, which resulted in the establishment of a French fishing station in 1604.

Getty Images is the source of this image.

FACTS

President of France is the head of state. In the area, a prefect nominated by the French government represents the Parisian administration. Local matters are overseen by a General Council that is chosen by the people. Both the National Assembly and the Senate of France are represented by legislators from the territory of the French Republic.

MEDIA

Getty Images is the source of this image. Caption: During a visit to the port of Saint-Pierre, a copy of the Hermione, the 18th-century ship that carried French General Lafayette to America, is anchored at anchor.

Related Internet Links

The BBC is not responsible for the content of any web sites linked to from this one.

A Brief History of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon

It is unclear how the island of Réunion, twenty kilometers off the coast of Newfoundland, came to be a piece of France. In the sixteenth century, Europeans (mostly Basques, Bretons, and Normans) arrived to the area in search of salt cod, which sparked a seasonal influx of Europeans to ply the waters for fish. French and Basque fishing ships were already in the harbor when Jacques Cartier arrived in 1536, and year-round habitation began in the late 1600s, at a time when there were also many French towns prospering on the adjacent island of Newfoundland.

  • The many conflicts between the French and the British resulted in a great deal of flip-flopping in the battle for sovereignty of the islands.
  • However, because the treaty permitted France to retain fishing rights and a haven of safety, a large number of French immigrants remained and pledged allegiance to the British government.
  • Due to opposition to French backing for the American Revolutionary War, the British launched a second offensive in 1783, pushing the settlers back to France and demolish their dwellings in the process.
  • Since that time, it has remained a French colonial possession.
  • It is vital to remember that the French were in control of huge areas of the Newfoundland coast for a significant portion of this time period.
  • It initially included the entire northeast coast of Newfoundland, but later expanded to include the Great Northern Peninsula and the entire west coast of the island.
  • The French Shore is particularly well-known in the commune of Conche, where you can view a 227-foot-long tapestry reflecting the history of the region at the town’s interpretive center, which was woven by local residents.

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon benefited from Prohibition in the United States, which began in 1920.

The notorious Al Capone and gangster Bill McCoy both launched smuggling operations in the area.

Dennis Minty is a fictional character created by author Dennis Minty.

When Nazi Germany invaded France in 1940, the Vichy administration was installed as a result of the invasion.

It was Vichy’s intention in 1941 to contract the American business Western Union to build strong transmitters atop Saint-Pierre in order to create transatlantic connection for the Nazis, but President Franklin Roosevelt was able to prevent this from happening.

Dennis Minty is a fictional character created by author Dennis Minty.

Saint-Pierre and Miquelon is presently a self-governing territorial overseas collectivity of the French Republic.

Saint-Pierre is divided into two main islands: Miquelon-Longlade, which is bigger but less inhabited, and Saint-Pierre, which is the economic center.

Dennis Minty is a fictional character created by author Dennis Minty.

However, the present fishery, which operates inside a 12,300-square-kilometer exclusive economic zone that encompasses the sea region surrounding the islands, is a shadow of the fishing that existed previously.

Dennis Minty is a fictional character created by author Dennis Minty.

Young people can progress as far as the end of high school on the island, following which they can apply for scholarships to study abroad or in Canada, depending on their circumstances.

John’s, Halifax, or Moncton for more advanced care.

Travel to Saint-Pierre to discover more about its fascinating history, to take in the sights and sounds of the vibrant town, to get to know the welcoming residents, and to immerse yourself in its distinctive culture. Dennis Minty is a fictional character created by author Dennis Minty.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Archived material may be found on this page, which is no longer being maintained. At the time of publishing, it reflected the most up-to-date scientific knowledge accessible. This archipelago of islands off the coast of Newfoundland, which is the final vestige of France’s once-vast possessions in North America, exhibits the wounds of a convoluted geologic past. The islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon are just 242 square kilometers (93 square miles) in size, and the name of the archipelago is derived from the names of the three largest islands.

  1. Vegetation appears in varied hues of pink and red, while bare terrain seems beige, urbanized areas appear blue-gray, and water appears in varying shades of blue and blue-green.
  2. Saint Pierre is the smallest of the archipelago’s major islands, a landmass that runs largely northeast-southwest and is surrounded by a number of smaller islands and islets.
  3. Miquelon is divided into three major areas in the west (top of the image): an arc-shaped body in the north (top right), Grande Miquelon, which is directly southeast of that, and Langlade (or Petite Miquelon) Island, which is in the south (bottom right).
  4. In the eighteenth century, this tombolo came into being.
  5. Deforestation has taken a toll on most of the vegetation, yet woodlands still cover 20% of the land area, despite this.
  6. The weather is cold, rainy, and foggy most of the time, with windy springs and autumns.
  7. Gliding glaciers scoured the island’s surface during the Pleistocene Ice Age.
  8. Earth’s oldest rocks are found beneath the erratics and glacial till, and they date back to the Paleozoic Era, which ended around 250 million years ago.
  9. Winds often reach 60 kilometers per hour (35 miles per hour) for several months of the year, and storms batter the beaches with large waves on a regular basis.
  10. Another storm, this one in February 1988, produced gusts of 160 kilometers per hour (100 miles per hour), causing another 14 meters to be lost (46 feet).

In this NASA Earth Observatory picture, Jesse Allen and Robert Simmon used data given by NASA/GSFC/METI/ERSDAC/JAROS and the United States/Japanese ASTER Science Team to construct their image. Michon Scott created the illustration.

How to Spend the Weekend in France Without Leaving North America

The proximity of St. Pierre and Miquelon to Canada (it’s 13 miles or a 45-minute boat journey from Fortune, Newfoundland) should not be taken for granted; the tiny archipelago is France’s last outpost in North America. Euros are the currency in circulation. Brie, baguettes, boulangeries, and bouteilles de vinare are all classics in the French cuisine. It doesn’t matter if the French accents are right out of St. Germain-des-Prés or not; the fact that everything closes at midday will. The vroom of Renaults and Citroens racing through St.

  • Within five minutes, it’s like a ghost town as everyone heads to their respective homes to enjoy quiche or croque monsieurs.
  • Take a look at the guillotine at the L’Arche Musée, which is the only one of its kind in North America (it was used just once, in 1889).
  • Pierre and Miquelon, which is relatively unknown outside of France.
  • You could have the impression that you’re a character in a French seacoast story the entire time you’re there.
  • They were already fishing the seas when French explorer Jacques Cartier arrived on the islands of St.
  • It took several centuries for the British and French to come to an agreement on ownership of the islands, which was ultimately completed by France in 1816.
  • Pierre remade itself as a massive liquor storage facility during the Prohibition era.
  • Today, 6,000 French residents live on St.
  • Together, the islands are a hidden jewel, with colorful rows of cottages and a history rooted on fishing and rum-running operations.
  • “We’re not even on a map,” says Patricia Detcheverry, who operates a website about life in St.
  • Pierre.” We, on the other hand, are rather special.”

Saint-Pierre-and-Miquelon, Scattered French Islands in America

The tricolor flags that fly over the Place du Général de Gaulle are flown all year round. Thegendarmes wear the classic kepi military headgear, and all of the license plates have the letter “F” on them, and everyone is fluent in the French language. The archipelago of Saint-Pierre-and-Miquelon, which is 2,700 miles from Paris and has the same latitude as Nantes, is the nearest French overseas territory to mainland France and is located on the same latitude as Nantes. Americans take pleasure in the illusion of being in France, whilst themayoux (a local phrase used to denote individuals from mainland France) take pleasure in the illusion of being in the United States of America.

In addition, the houses are coated with clapboard that has been painted in vivid hues, and they have insulated double-door entry halls known as astambours, or “drums,” which are similar to those seen in Canadian homes.

Because of the severe environment, these architectural qualities are very required to have. In winter, average temperatures dip to 5°F, and when huge snowflakes fall, the people exclaim, “It’s snowing Basque berets!” (It’s snowing Basque berets!) Patricia Detcheverry is a writer and poet.

Saint-Pierre-and-Miquelon in Literature

The mist that hangs over the islands for three months of the year led Chateaubriand’s 1791Memoirs from Beyond the Grave to give the islands the appellation “country of shadows.” “Through the fog, its shore appeared like a dark hump. I waited until a gust of wind tore the mist apart, revealing the location where I was staying and, in a sense, the faces of the people who welcomed me into this country of shadows.” Also known as “Isle of Reproach,” Saint-Pierre is also known as “the poorest and most dismal island on the planet,” according to French author Louis-Ferdinand Céline.

  1. However, the sole person who was genuinely born in Saint-Pierre currently resides in the United States — a man named Eugene Nicole.
  2. A family’s tale is interwoven with communal history and mythology in this novel set on Saint-Pierre-and-Miquelon.
  3. It is already an adventure in and of itself to get to the archipelago!
  4. Americans, on the other hand, just require a passport to enter the country.
  5. Visitors can arrive in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Montreal, or St.
  6. However, from July to August, ASL Airlines Franceoffers direct flights between Saint-Pierre and Paris that take less than seven hours to complete the journey.
  7. Along with the smallest French jail (5 cells and 11 beds), the island is also home to the country’s only working port and its only commercial airport.

Transport between the two islands is provided by an eight-seater Cessna F406 aircraft as well as a boat shuttle service.

It is connected to Miquelon by a strip of sand that stretches for approximately eight kilometres.

Patricia Detcheverry is a writer and poet.

However, there is a noticeable Canadian impact on the country’s structures, which range from courts and schools to administration and the postal service.

Major medical procedures are carried out in a Newfoundland hospital, and a boat transporting fresh vegetables from Halifax comes every Monday to replenish the local supply.

“Everything is more difficult and expensive since it has to be imported from somewhere else,” says the author.

Following the establishment of the French Republic in 1815, Saint-Pierre-and-Miquelon was classified as an Overseas Territory, then as a Département between 1975 and 1986, and finally as an Overseas Collectivity.

The population of the islands are represented by their prefect, Thierry Dévimeux, and their representative, Stéphane Claireaux (La République en marche).

It is because of this independence that the archipelago is allowed to produce its own stamps, much to the joy of philatelists across the world.

It was first found by Jacques Cartier in the 16th century and was inhabited by Breton, Norman, and Basque mariners at the time of their discovery.

Historically sought by both France and England, the province changed hands seven times until eventually becoming French in 1816, when the Treaty of Paris was signed.

Between 1914 and 1918, the islanders fought with colonial troops on the Western Front, and around 100 men lost their lives fighting for France.

Locals took advantage of French rules and levies to earn a fortune by turning the islands into a transshipment center for alcoholic beverages during the Prohibition period in the 1920s.

After being imported from Canada and stocked at the port, they were subsequently transported out of the country by smugglers during the evening hours.

Al Capone, the godfather of the Chicago mafia, is said to have stayed at the Robert Hotel and left behind his hat, which is currently on display along with other mementos from the period of his stay.

The First Territory of Free France

Locals are still proud of a historical event that took place decades ago. During World War II, the archipelago was the first territory to join General de Gaulle’s Free France, becoming the first territory to do so since the French Revolution. Using longwave radio and a transatlantic telegraph line, the port of Saint-Pierre-and-Miquelon was in a vital location at the beginning of a maritime route that was used by ships bringing supplies to the United Kingdom. Admiral Emile Muselier assisted in rallying the islands to General de Gaulle’s cause, with the approval of the British (but against the intentions of President Franklin Roosevelt) and with the permission of the British.

The Vichy regime was defeated in a conference in which practically everyone in attendance voted to reject it without a single shot being fired.

On July 20, 1967, President Charles de Gaulle paid tribute to this achievement when visiting the archipelago as President of the French Republic.

“I’ve come to pass on the message,” says the author.

The Golden Age of Fishing

The motto of Saint-Pierre-and-Miquelon is “a mare labor,” which translates as “work comes from the sea.” It serves as a reminder of the local staple that existed until the Canadian government banned the fishing of the endangered local cod in 1992. There would be dozens of boats of many countries dropping anchor at the harbour, and sailors would spend their nights at the town’s numerous taverns and nightclubs. Everything in the archipelago was organized around this mono-economic system, which had an impact on the island’s history and even its terminology.

A collision between two automobiles is referred to as anabordage (a term used to describe two boats colliding with one other).

Every year, two trawlers off the coast of Miquelon harvest a few tons of cod, which is then salted and packaged on the island.

The price of ham by weight can often be twice as expensive as the price of lobster during peak summer months, according to Patricia Detcheverry.

Frenchness Powering the Economy

Locals of Saint-Pierre were compelled to diversify their economic activities after the end of the golden era of fishing, which they did by creating various forms of aquaculture and fishing, such as snow crabs, lobsters, and sea cucumbers, which are highly sought in the Chinese market. Miquelon is also known for its production of foie gras and king scallops. Since 1992, the Francoforumlanguage school has worked to promote the archipelago’s uniqueness as a regional destination for tourists. As part of this program, which is financed by the French Territorial Council, students receive a completely integrated French education in Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.

The promotion of local tourism and French culture, as well as the provision of job possibilities for young graduates, are some of the most significant issues that the archipelago is currently facing.

In addition, each will be greeted with enthusiasm, as they say in the area, “weather permitting.” France-Amérique published an article on this topic in their April 2018 edition. Subscriptions to the magazine are available.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

It is important to note that the archipelago of Saint Pierre and Miquelon is a French enclave within a Canadian marine and terrestrial environment. In addition to its OCT designation, its geographic position in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and low population density distinguish it as a region with highly distinct concerns and features that must be addressed. Only 6,200 people reside on this little region of 244 km2, with the majority of them concentrated on the island of Saint-Pierre in the northern part of the country.

As a result of the deep-sea fishing crisis, which began in 1992 and was exacerbated by the contraction of its Exclusive Economic Zone in the same year, Saint Pierre and Miquelon is confronted with the task of reorganizing its economic structure.

In order to succeed in its transition, the archipelago must draw on its fishing-based cultural legacy, the American ban, and its French distinctiveness.

In addition, AFD has been a long-time collaborator and has been present throughout the company’s recent development.

Since the beginning of 2018, the AFD office in Saint Pierre and Miquelon has sponsored eight projects and raised more than €19 million in finance.

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