Where Is Saint Basil’s Cathedral


Saint Basil’s Cathedral, Moscow, Russia

Detailed explanation of our logo: Saint Basil’s Cathedral Saint Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow, Russia, was constructed between 1555 and 1561 under the direction of Ivan the Terrible. According to legend, the cathedral’s architect was blinded after the edifice was completed, ensuring that a monument of such magnificence could never be created again. The brightly colored domes and vibrant redbrick towers contribute to the building’s striking look. The domes are located in nine distinct chapels within the cathedral, and each dome represents a different phase of the city’s defense against the Russian invasion.

When viewed from the top, the eight domes that surround the ninth dome in a round pattern appear to create a star shape when viewed from the bottom.

Throughout its history, the cathedral has been ravaged by fires, looting, and other occurrences, resulting in significant damage.

Basil’s Cathedral back to France with him.

His troops had prepared for the attack and had lighted the gunpowder, but a weird rain shower prevented any explosions from taking place on the battlefield.

St Basil’s cathedral

Cathedral of the Intercession of the Virgin on the Moat is also known as the Cathedral of Saint Basil the Blessed: St Basil’s Cathedral, and is located on the banks of the River Thames. In Russia, it is the most well-known church in the country. Built on the orders of Ivan the Terrible in the 16th century, St Basil’s Cathedral is one of the most important religious structures in Moscow. Since then, it has piqued the interest of tourists visiting Moscow. Some thought it was odd, while others were captivated by its peculiar beauty.

According to legend, the cruel Russian monarch had the architect blinded in order to prevent him from creating a more spectacular palace for anybody other than himself.

What drives individuals to make up all of these stories?

When was St. basil’s Cathedral built?

Designed to commemorate the conquering of the Khanate of Kazan, the Cathedral was commissioned by Ivan the Terrible in 1603. From 1555 until 1561, it was under construction. There are nine auxiliary churches at Saint Basil’s, with eight of them devoted to Ivan’s eight triumphs against the Tatars and a smaller one dedicated to Saint Basil.

The main church sits in the center, flanked by nine auxiliary churches. When this famed Moscow saint was buried on the grounds of the Cathedral, his name was eventually adopted as its official name. The building of St. Basil’s Cathedral began in the year 2000.

Who built St Basil’s Cathedral?

It was two Russian architects, Barma and Postnik, who created St Basil’s Cathedral, according to historical records from the time period. Another hypothesis proposes that Yakovlev and Barma were two different people who worked together. Many serious Russian historians think that the architects were not deceived and continued to build other cathedrals around the country. It is said in a third account that the temple was constructed under the supervision of an architect from Western Europe. The peculiar composition of St.

The last version, on the other hand, is not supported by historical evidence.

St. Basil’s Cathedral architecture

St Basil’s Cathedral is one of the most remarkable cathedrals in Russia. It is located in the city of St Petersburg. According to the Marquis de Custine, a 19th-century French aristocrat who paid a visit to the cathedral, it is “like the scales of a golden fish, the enameled skin of a snake, the changing colors of the lizard, the glossy rose and azure of the pigeon’s neck,” among other things. He was perplexed as to whether “the guys who come to worship God in this box of confectionary labor” could possibly be Christians themselves.

  • Basil’s Cathedral is 65 meters tall, making it the tallest structure in the world.
  • Nine distinct temples are erected on a single foundation and are joined by interior vaulted tunnels that are ornamented with embellishments in the shape of plants and flowers.
  • In addition, the structure lacks a clearly articulated frontage.
  • The cathedral is constructed entirely of bricks.
  • Regardless of how complicated the temple’s structure appears to be, it is quite rational.
  • The cathedral is laid out in the shape of an eight-pointed star.

The mystery of colors

The church in the sixteenth century looked very different from the building we see now. The vibrant colorful mosaic on its domes was not seen until the late 17th and early 18th centuries. The original Cathedral was predominantly painted in red and white. According to a large number of art historians, the Cathedral of St. Basil the Blessed was constructed as a visual portrayal of the Eternal Jerusalem. It was intended to represent both a town and a paradise in the midst of the bustling metropolis of Moscow.

Is it necessary for it to look like Jerusalem?

Throughout history, people’s perceptions of what paradise should seem like have evolved along with them.

Despite the fact that the church was built over a century ago, it just recently acquired its vibrant present-day hues. The brilliant design of the cathedral domes gives the impression that it is a flowering garden of paradise.

St Basil’s Cathedral inside

The inside of the cathedral is not particularly huge, yet it is cozy and evocative. You may go from one church to another via a maze of dimly lit passageways, gaining an understanding of the building’s medieval origins. The church is now a museum, which is open to the public. What are the most compelling reasons to enter?

  • Locate the Basilica of St. Basil and hear the legend of the Russian holy idiots while on your journey. Take pictures of the inside of the church. Photography is not permitted in the majority of Russian churches. Investigate the hidden compartments in the walls where treasures were hidden in the past. Learn about the acoustics of Russian churches and how they work. The church male choir, which will be singing in one of the chapels, will be a genuine highlight of your stay.

The inside of St. Basil’s Cathedral

Visiting the cathedral

It is located at the following address: Moscow, Red Square; the nearest metro stations are ‘Okhotny Ryad,’ ‘Tetratralnaya,’, ‘Ploschad Revolyutsii,’ and ‘Kitay-Gorod.’ Working hours: The church is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. 45 minutes before the end of the day’s admissions. From June through August, the hours are 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. From 11 a.m. to 6 p.m. on September, October, and May. From November to April, the hours are 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. Please keep in mind that the church is neither pram or wheelchair accessible.

During your tour of Red Square, you will be able to view St Basil’s Cathedral.

The Cathedral of St.

St. Basil’s Cathedral, Moscow, Russia – Russia Travel Guide

The St. Basil’s Cathedral is the most well-known artistic achievement of architecture in Moscow. Affectionately referred to as “The Pokrovsky Cathedral” or “The Cathedral of Intercession of The Virgin by the Moat,” it is the most recognized structure in Russia. Because it is a honored emblem of Russia’s history, present, and future, this Cathedral has the same significance to Russians as the Eiffel Tower has to the French.


The cathedral is located in Red Square, directly across from the Ivory Gate Chapel. History of St. Basil’s Cathedral began in 1555 with the construction of the cathedral on the command of Ivan IV (“Ivan the Terrible”) to commemorate the loss of Kazan, the last surviving stronghold of the Mongol Empire in European territories. Some historians believe that Ivan the Terrible blinded the architect of St. Basil’s Church shortly after the construction was completed in order to prevent him from building another cathedral on the same scale as the first.

Upon the Bolsheviks’ taking control of Russia, the Cathedral was shuttered, its bells were melted, and its archpriest was murdered.

Another occasion when the Cathedral was threatened was when Stalin believed that it was a hindrance to his military parades and planned to demolish it.

Stalin miraculously changed his mind, and the heroic architect Piotr Baranovsky was sentenced to a couple of years in prison for his efforts to save St.

Basil’s Cathedral. On the walls are more than 400 icons painted between the 14th and 19th centuries by the most prominent schools of Novgorod and Moscow, and they date from the 14th to the nineteenth century.

Saint Basil the Blessed

Tsar Ivan IV (the Terrible) built the cathedral of Saint Basil the Blessed on Red Square in Moscow between 1554 and 1560, also known as Pokrovsky Cathedral, RussianSvyatoy Vasily Blazhenny, or Pokrovsky Sobor, as a votive offering for his military victory over the khanates of Kazan and Astrakhan. However, the church was renamed the Cathedral of Vasily Blazhenny (St. Basil the Beatified) after Basil, the Russian holy fool who was “idiotic for Christ’s sake” and who was buried in the church vaults during the reign (1584–98) of TsarFyodor I.

  1. Basil the Blessed in Moscow, 1554–60, was dedicated to the protection and intercession of the Virgin Mary.
  2. Armstrong Posnik and Barma, two Russian architects, were commissioned to design the church (who may in fact have been one person).
  3. The interior of St.
  4. Jupiter photos courtesy of AbleStock.com/Jupiterimages J.E.

Saint Basil’s Cathedral – Opening times, prices & location

In the midst of Moscow’s turbulent history, Saint Basil’s Cathedral stands as a proud reminder of the city’s past. It rises magnificently from Red Square and serves as a stark contrast to the monochromatic structures typical of the Soviet era that dominate most of the city’s architecture. It has survived a number of fires, Napoleon’s invasion, and the destruction of churches such as the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour during Stalin’s reign.

An iconic building

St Basil’s Cathedral, the most famous building in Moscow, enchants visitors with its vibrant mix of bright colors, the towers topped with differently designed onion domes – some swirled like ice creams, others textured with diamond patterns – and is a memorable postcard image for everyone who visits the city, whether during the day or at night. An alabyrinth with nine separate chapels, one of which is topped by the central bell tower, makes up the interior of the modest temple hidden behind the unusually designed facade.

One of Moscow’s most precious treasures

The site is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In addition to being a nationally and globally recognized emblem of Russia, St Basil’s is one of Moscow’s most outstanding structures, a majestic landmark that has been a part of the city’s history for almost 500 years. During your visit to Moscow, you will almost certainly pass by the cathedral several times: it is absolutely worth visiting both during the day, when you can fully appreciate its vibrant rainbow of colors, and at night, when you can take in the beautiful illuminations after dark.

Although it is common to mistake the cathedral for being a part of the Kremlin, which is located just next door, the two structures are totally different.

In addition to the Kremlin, St Basil’s central location makes it possible to combine a visit to the Mausoleum of Lenin, the GUM, or the Moscow State Historical Museum in one visit.

St Basil’s Cathedral

St Basil’s Cathedral, located at the southern end of Red Square, is considered to be the most important structure in Russia. Russia’s architectural style is exemplified by its kaleidoscopic explosion of colors, patterns, and shapes, which is the culmination of centuries of development. On the Feast of Intercession in 1552, Ivan the Terrible took the Tatar stronghold of Kazan, bringing the city under his control. To celebrate the triumph, he commissioned this historic cathedral, which is formally known as the Intercession Cathedral.

  • The seeming disarray of forms in the cathedral conceals a coherent structure consisting of nine principal chapels.
  • The four largest domes are atop four octagonal-towered chapels: the Church of Sts Cyprian and Justina, the Church of the Holy Trinity, the Church of the Icon of St Nicholas the Miracle Worker, and the Church of the Lord’s Entry into Jerusalem.
  • Finally, there are four tiny chapels tucked in between the larger ones.
  • According to legend, Ivan blinded the architects in order for them to never be able to create something like again.
  • The Church of St Vasily the Blessed, located on the first level in the northeastern chapel, includes the crypt of its namesake saint, who is considered to be one of Moscow’s most venerated figures.
  • He was adored and dreaded by everybody, including Ivan the Terrible, who considered him to be a seer and a miracle worker.
  • The icon representing St Vasily himself, with Red Square and the Kremlin in the backdrop, may be found at the entrance.
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St. Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow: Planning Your Visit

In addition to being one of the most iconic works of architecture in Moscow, St. Basil’s Cathedral is also one of the most significant structures in the whole Russian Federation. In fact, when most people think of visiting the nation, the image of the salmon-colored cathedral with its onion-shaped domes is likely to be the first thing that comes to their minds. There are several additional major attractions within walking distance of the hotel, including Moscow’s Red Square, which is located in the city’s heart.

Today, this UNESCO World Heritage Site is available to the public as a museum, providing visitors with the opportunity to learn more about the site’s interesting history and one-of-a-kind architectural style.


Officially known as the Church of the Intercession or Pokrovsky Cathedral, the structure includes ten domes, each of which is perched on top of a chapel within the church’s interior. It is one of the chapels that contains the relics of Vasily, also known as Basil in the anglicized alphabet, who is considered a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church, and the entire cathedral has come to be known by that name. In 1555, Ivan the Terrible, a contemporary of Saint Basil, commissioned the construction of the chapel to commemorate his victories in theKazan area, which was completed between 1555 and 1561.

However, this is more of a tale than a historical reality.

However, following the Russian Revolution, when Joseph Stalin secularized the country and pondered eliminating the whole church, it was possibly the closest call for the Church of Russia.

Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the government has retained authority over the church while allowing worshipers to once again utilize it as a place of prayer.


The church’s long-lasting popularity is due to its unusual, if not bizarre, architectural style. However, the cathedral has grown and transformed over time, and the onion domes and bright clash of colors have come to be recognized as symbols of imperial Russian architecture and design. After the original construction was built and destroyed by a fire, the domes were erected, and the vibrant colors were painted on from the 17th to the nineteenth century, giving the monument its current appearance.

Visiting the Cathedral

Each and every tourist to Moscow passes through the Red Square to marvel at St. Basil’s remarkable design, but the church’s interior is as bit as magnificent as its exterior design. Because the cathedral is still in operation as a state museum, it is available to the public on a daily basis for those who want the entire experience (although it sometimes closes down for restoration). In spite of their tiny size and lavish decoration, the chapels’ interiors are surprisingly spacious, with windows providing spectacular views of both the cathedral and Red Square.

The interconnecting chapels, each with its own doors, corners, artwork, and niches, give the inside of St.

The cost of admission varies from 700 to 1,000 Russian rubles (about $10 to $14) depending on the season.

To properly understand about the church’s history and architecture while you’re gazing at it, you may purchase an audio guide, which is available in English, French, Chinese, and Spanish for a modest additional fee.

Getting There

The Cathedral of St. Basil is a must-see for any visitor to Moscow, and it’s nearly impossible to visit without seeing it. Heated and air-conditioned rooms are ideally located in the middle of the city on Red Square, just a few steps from from the Kremlin, the State Historical Museum, Lenin’s Mausoleum, and the GUM retail area. Due to its location in the city’s central area, it is easily accessible via the Moscow Metro, with the nearest stations being Okhotny Ryad, Teatralnaya, Ploschad Revolyutsii, and Kitay-Gorod.

It’s also difficult to get lost in Moscow since the city’s streets are laid out in the shape of a big spiderweb, with the Red Square at the very center.

The Monument to Minin and Pozharsky honors the two individuals who, in the early 1600s, assisted in the unification of a divided Russia and the expulsion of Polish invaders, bringing an end to the turbulent era known as the Time of Troubles and paving the way for the establishment of the Romanov Dynasty.

The mysterious origins of Moscow’s multicolored landmark

The construction of Saint Basil’s Cathedral, which was finished in the mid-16th century, prompted the spread of a narrative about the eclectic Orthodox cathedral, which is located in the centre of Moscow. In addition to being an architectural marvel – the highest structure in the city, owing to new brickwork knowledge brought over by the Italians – it was a display of Russian power at the conclusion of a century-long war. According to rumors, the Grand Prince of Moscow, notoriously known as Ivan the Terrible, ordered the building’s architects to be blinded so that they would never be able to erect another structure of such grandeur.

  • Despite the fact that the architects’ names have remained a mystery for over five centuries, it is generally accepted that the design should be attributed to two architects, Barma and Postnik Yakovlev.
  • Located in Moscow’s Red Square, next to the fortified Kremlin complex, Saint Basil’s Cathedral is a must-see.
  • “This is an issue that has arisen several times throughout the history of Russian architecture, even as recently as the 18th century.
  • During Napoleon’s invasion of Russia in 1812, Moscow was completely destroyed.
  • Today, Saint Basil’s Cathedral, also known as Pokrovsky Cathedral, is comprised of a number of red brick chapels that are arranged around the biggest, central structure.
  • The cathedral, which is recognized across the world for its fairytale-like look, receives approximately 400,000 tourists every year and has become as a significant cultural symbol.
  • Napoleon Bonaparte came very close to blowing up the cathedral in 1812, and Joseph Stalin came dangerously close to destroying it in 1935.
  • The edifice, which was originally known as Trinity Cathedral, was destroyed by fire in 1583 and reconstructed during the following decade.

Saint Basil’s has also witnessed a number of conflicts and political shifts, including: It survived a second devastating fire in 1737, was nearly destroyed by French military general Napoleon Bonaparte in 1812, and was threatened with demolition under the rule of communist leader Joseph Stalin in the early twentieth century.

A Show of Power

What is known about the structure is that it was built as a show of military might in 1555 by Ivan IV of Russia to commemorate Russia’s victory over the Kazan Khanate during the century-long Russo-Kazan War. “It (the cathedral) has a very evident political significance,” Brumfield explained. ‘It demonstrated the strength of Ivan the Terrible’s position as Grand Prince — he would eventually become recognized as the first tsar.’ “Russia was truly a foreign land,” noted Russian architectural historian William Brumfield of the country’s early history.

  • They were composed by mercenaries from other countries who were working for Ivan (IV).” Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images are used with permission.
  • Basil was a Holy Fool who was known to Ivan and who was said to have prophecy powers, including the prediction of the great fire that raged through Moscow in 1547 and the eventual reign of Fyodor.
  • It quickly rose to become the most visited chapel, with tourists seeking healing flocking to it for prayer.
  • Between 1475 and 1510, Italian builders reconstructed the Kremlin as well as two prominent churches, bringing with them their new and creative Renaissance techniques that had been developed in Italy.
  • In a fairly symmetrical arrangement, the architects behind Saint Basil’s designed the series of chapels, with each chapel containing an altar devoted to a saint linked with Ivan’s reign.
  • “They (Russian architects) absorbed Italian technology and learnt to make these tall vertical buildings,” he added.

Colorful cupolas

According to Brumfeld, despite the fact that the onion dome has become synonymous with Russian architecture, no one knows exactly how they came to be in the Tsardom. It’s probable that Saint Basil’s was the first institution in the region to embrace them as a practice. “At some time, the concept just spread throughout Russia,” he explained. “Onion domes were being installed by priests all throughout Russia in place of domes.” In addition to the two 18th-century wooden churches on Kizhi Island, the Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood, a 19th-century landmark in St.

  1. According to Brumfield, theories claim that the cupola styles of the Ottoman Empire were adopted by the builders of St.
  2. Alternatively, they might have made a reference to the dome of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, which is visible in the background.
  3. Credit:Shutterstock “During this era, the Russians were beginning to regard their area as the new sacred land,” Brumfield explained.
  4. They felt that this left the door open for a new city to rise up and take over as the sacred capital.
  5. They were gradually introduced throughout history, from the late 17th century through the mid-19th century, when new fashions embraced bright colors.
  6. Saint Basil’s isn’t the only cathedral in the world that has been decorated in vibrant colors.
  7. This church in Irkutsk, Russia, is brilliant red like Saint Basil’s and stands out with its vibrant blue domes, which are reminiscent of the domes of the Basilica.
  8. “It has the appearance of a live entity.
  9. “The core, on the other hand, has always been special.

It is universally adored. There is no other structure in Russia that inspires such dedication and affection as Saint Basil’s Cathedral.”

12 Facts About Saint Basil’s Cathedral

Saint Basil’s Cathedral, which was originally built in the mid-16th century and stands magnificently near the Kremlin in Moscow, Russia, has watched over innumerable historical and political events throughout the country’s history.


The construction of the cathedral was ordered by the first Tsar of Russia, Ivan Vasilyevich—also known as Ivan Grozny (a moniker that means “sparking fright or fear,” or “stern”), Ivan IV, and the Grand Prince of Moscow—in 1554. Ivan, the grandson of Ivan the Great, was present when the cathedral was completed in 1561, although he was interred at the adjacent Archangel Cathedral after his death.


A number of battles erupted as a result of Ivan’s desire of military domination over a central Russian state during his reign. His soldiers overcame the independent Tatar khanates of Kazan and Astrakahn in the 1550s, and the chapel was constructed in commemoration of their triumphs.


The legends and tales about Ivan’s boiling anger abound, with one involving his purposely blinding the cathedral’s (unnamed) Italian architect in order to ensure that the design could never be reproduced. The architects, according to some tales, were a couple of Russians named Barma and Posnik, or they might have been one individual.


The Cathedral of the Intercession, also known as the Cathedral of the Intercession of the Virgin on the Moat, is a church dedicated to the protection of the Virgin Mary that is located on the Moat. Pokrovsky Cathedral, Pokrovsky Sobor, and Svyatoy Vasily Blazhenny are some of the other names for the building.


Basil (also known as the Blessed, the Beatific, and the Wonderworker of Moscow) was born in 1468 and raised as the son of commoners, where he received his training as a cobbler. He became well-known for his prophetic abilities as well as for being a “fool for Christ,” and after his death in 1557, he was buried in the cathedral that would later bear his name.


It is comprised of nine modest, distinct chapels that are aligned to points on the compass, four of which are elevated to indicate their location between heaven and earth. The central nave is 156 feet high, and the chapels are divided into three sections. In addition to the Protecting Veil of Mary, chapels are dedicated to the Entry into Jerusalem, Saints Kiprian and Ustinia, the Holy Trinity, St. Nicholas Velikoretsky, St. Gregory of Armenia, St. Barlaam Khutynsky, St. Alexander Svirsky, and the Three Patriarchs.


The original hue of the cathedral was reported to be white in order to match the white stone of the Kremlin, and the domes were said to be gold. Beginning in the 17th century, the façade and domes started to be painted in the vibrant hues that can be seen today, with the pigment believed to have been derived from a biblical description of the Kingdom of Heaven found in the Book of Revelation.


Since the 15th century, the enormous open space and market area in Moscow has served as both the geographical and metaphorical focal point of Russian society. On the western end of the plaza, known as Kresnaya Ploschad in Russian, stands the ancient fortress and government complex known as the Kremlin, which is 800,000 square feet in size and dates back to the 13th century. Cathedral Square is home to a variety of spectacular cathedrals, including the Assumption Cathedral, and Saint Basil’s Cathedral, which is located at the southern end of the square.

The State HistoricalMuseum, a white stone platform known as theLobnoye Mesto, the old State Department Store known as GUM, and Lenin’s Tomb are some of the other significant structures and monuments in the heart of Red Square.


Saint Basil’s Cathedral, which was confiscated by the Soviet government following the Bolshevik Revolution, has served as a museum and tourist attraction since 1929. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990, there have been sporadic church services performed at the cathedral, and every October, a ceremony in commemoration of the Day of Intercession is held at the cathedral.


A scale replica of the cathedral was constructed in the city of Jalainur, which is located in northeastern Inner Mongolia about 3200 miles west of Moscow and roughly 700 miles north of Beijing. However, the cathedral has never been utilized as a church. When Davide Montoleone visited the building in 2015, he remarked that the gorgeous turrets and domes were actually merely shells, and that the fossils on display were not genuine. The structure, which housed a children’s scientific museum as well as a store selling fake fossils, was a bizarre sight, he said.

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The Cathedral of St. Basil’s fell out of favor once Joseph Stalin was appointed as dictator of the Soviet Union, and the building was in risk of being demolished to make way for greater protests and marches to take place on Red Square. Pyotr Baranovsky, an architect, is said to have sent Stalin a telegram in which he stated that he would rather die than see the old cathedral demolished. He was sentenced to five years in prison as a result. During that time period, the state’s stance shifted, and Saint Basil’s was spared from destruction.


The Kremlin and Red Square were designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1990 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UN Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization). It is one of sixteen UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Russia.

Saint Basil’s Cathedral, Moscow

Friends, it’s December 2021. After leaving Borovitskaya metro station on the grey line 9, I strolled down the banks of the Moscow river, skirting the Kremlin on the way, until arriving at St Basil’s Cathedral on the outskirts of Red Square. It was a very amazing sight to behold it up close and personal. Due to circumstances beyond my control, I was unable to visit the inside. The city is a particularly remarkable site to visit since there are so many interesting structures and monuments to admire.

  • September in the next year, 2021 This is the area where Moscow is known the world over.
  • In the daylight, the vibrant tombs are a sight to behold.
  • When in Moscow, make sure to stop by this attraction.
  • Paul034Walton-on-Thames, United Kingdom There have been 180 contributions.
  • This is a must-see attraction for any visitor to Moscow who has the opportunity.
  • The fee of participation is 1,000 RUR.
  • This is a very atmospheric piece.

Written on August 1, 2021This review represents the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and does not reflect the views and opinions of TripAdvisor LLC.

It has been a long time since I last visited the church, but I have vivid memories of it.

Even with a very basic instruction, the inside proved to be quite complex to say the least.

Hopefully, it is now more convenient and clear to visit.

Written on July 16, 2021This review is the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and does not reflect the views and opinions of TripAdvisor LLC.

Santa Clara, California Contributions totaled 104 Jul 2020It was an absolutely incredible experience!

Written on June 10, 2021This review represents the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and does not reflect the views and opinions of TripAdvisor LLC.

Although the interior is considerably more straightforward when compared to that of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, all of the elements within it are ancient, and you can sense the presence of history.

May of the year 2021 Moscow is a wonder to behold!

Cities are becoming younger and more lovely as time passes.

The following review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and does not reflect the views and opinions of TripAdvisor LLC.

Contributions totaled 11,396.

It is located on Red Square, across from the Kremlin’s main entrance tower.

The outside is very stunning and one-of-a-kind.

According to tradition, Ivan the Terrible blinded the builder when the structure was completed in order to prevent him from constructing another structure of similar magnificence in the future.

Written on the 7th of May, 2021 This review is the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and does not reflect the views and opinions of TripAdvisor LLC.

If you find yourself in Moscow, you should pay a visit to this magnificent building.

This review is the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and does not reflect the views and opinions of TripAdvisor LLC.

February of the next year, 2021 The outside of the Cathedral is well-known, but the interior is a maze of hallways, small chambers spread across many stories, and holy treasures that are difficult to navigate.

There are various chambers to explore, each containing countless artworks and antiques from years past.

In addition, there is a small gift shop. Written on February 16, 2021This review represents the subjective opinion of a Tripadvisor member and does not reflect the views and opinions of TripAdvisor, LLC. Results are being displayed. 1-10of4,992

10 Things you did not know about St. Basil’s Cathedral – Moscow

The St. Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow has grown to become one of the country’s most recognizable architectural structures. It was constructed between 1555 and 1561 AD by Tsar Ivan IV, the Terrible, to commemorate his triumph over the Turks in the battles of Kazan and Astrakhan and the conquest of Astrakhan. For Russia, Kazan marked the beginning of its expansion into the southern Caspian Sea and the eastern Siberian steppes, paving the path for the country to develop into a genuine empire. It was therefore a politically significant construction that has since been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is being utilized as a museum of history and architecture.

Despite the fact that the cathedral is a well-known architectural landmark, many parts of its design and history remain a mystery to this day.

Fyodor Alekseyev’s painting of Red Square before the Great Fire of 1812 may be seen on the Russian Internet Archive’s lj.rossia.org (Little Journal of Russia).

  1. Although it is commonly referred to as Saint Basil’s Cathedral, it was originally known as the Cathedral of Intercession of the Virgin by the Moat because it was built to commemorate the capture of Kazan, which occurred on the same day as the Feast of the Intercession of the Virgin in 1552 and was commemorated by the construction of the Cathedral of Intercession of the Virgin by the Moat. It was constructed on the site of a moat that had formerly ringed the Kremlin but had been filled in later. As a result of his accurate prophecy of a fire breaking out in Moscow in the year 1547, Saint Basil (the Blessed), the fool for Christ, was given the honor of being named after him. Later in life, in 1552, he passed away and his remains was interred in the church’s vaults.
  1. Because the pyramidal roofs on the Kremlin towers had not yet been installed on the Kremlin towers, the cathedral was the first building constructed on the moat that gave the Red Square its present-day distinctive silhouette.
  1. Originally, the cathedral consisted of eight tiny chapels that were positioned around the main church in the middle. The grave of Saint Basil is housed in the ninth chapel, which was built by Fyodor Ito in 1588 and is located on the peripheral. With a height of 47.5 meters, the center cathedral would be elevated above the other cathedrals vertically. This was intended to be a sign of the Tsar’s authority over the devout populace
  2. Nevertheless, this was not the case.

Julius Silver, commons.wikimedia.org, and other sources are credited.

  1. The cathedral’s brightly colored representation is a departure from the traditional Russian manner of architectural design. The Russians had a custom of painting the building white and the domes above it in gold, which was a common practice at the time. This was the initial design for the cathedral, which was intended to match the white stones of the Kremlin
  2. However, the colors were subsequently added in the 17th century, inspired by the depiction of the Kingdom of Heaven in the Book of Revelations and incorporated into the design. Several layers of painting were required to obtain the present-day vibrant appearance of the piece.
  1. In addition, it is the first edifice to have successfully transferred the traditional wood construction style to the brick shape of the cathedral. Because of this, a new form of architecture was born in Russia that was unlike any other structure that had ever been constructed before. The onion-shaped domes were also added later to the design as an afterthought. The domes were constructed as part of the repair work carried out following the fire in 1595.
  1. The Saint Basil’s Cathedral was built on the site of the Red Square, which served as the city’s focal point, as well as the site of the older Trinity Church and a political hotspot during the Russian Revolution. Nevertheless, it is also believed that the location where today’s cathedral stands was the location where the saints’PeterandAlexei, who had fled the Kremlin, met withSergiusofRadonezandVarlaam Khutynskyto pray for the protection of Moscow against the invasion of theTatar khan Mukhhammed-Grey. Consequently, the location gains a sacred dimension and becomes a symbol of the Lord’s participation in the administration of the sovereign state.

FireofMoscow.jpg is an image from the Internet Archive.

  1. The Cathedral of St. Basil has been on the verge of being demolished twice. The first time was in 1812, when Napoleon Bonaparte’s French armies invaded Moscow and he sought to demolish the cathedral. The church was demolished. They were forced to retire before they could do so, and the cathedral was preserved as a result of this. The second occurrence occurred during the Soviet era, when it is claimed that Stalin desired to demolish the cathedral in order to mark the end of the Tsardom in Russia and the beginning of the new administration in Russia. Pyotr Baranovsky, an architect and restoration artist, wrote to the president, asking with him not to demolish a historic building while promising him the gift of his own life in exchange for his cooperation. As a result, the cathedral was spared
  2. Nevertheless, the architect was sentenced to five years in prison as restitution.
  1. Among the most striking aspects of the Saint Basil’s Cathedral’s architecture is the fact that it stands apart from any other cathedral constructed in Europe during the fifteenth or sixteenth centuries. The structure was absolutely unique, and nothing else like it had ever been erected before it or had ever been built after it. As a result, some historians have struggled to explain it in their writings since they lacked a reference point for it and have frequently relied on parallels to nature to describe its look or aesthetics

Photographs courtesy of Alexei Kouzaev (www.flickr.com).

  1. It is a well-known urban legend that Ivan the Terrible had the architects of the Cathedral blinded after it was completed in order to prevent them from imitating its design anywhere else. It is, however, improbable that this is the case, given that the architect involved, namedPosnikis, is credited with being engaged in the construction of the Annunciation Cathedral and the Kremlin’s fortifications.
  1. A single bell from the belfry’s original set of many has survived and is still in use today, one of the original bells. After the Soviet authorities took possession of the cathedral in 1929, they ordered that all of the cathedral’s bronze bells be melted down, and, to their surprise, just one of them has survived to this day.

In 1923, the cathedral was one of the first monuments to be taken over by the Soviet government following the Bolshevik revolution. It was later renovated into a museum of art and history to commemorate this occasion. It was formally established as a section of the State Historical Museum in 1929. It was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1990, together with the Red Square and the Kremlin, and it has been there ever since. In addition to architecture, Chaitali is interested in urban history, architectural heritage, and the history and philosophy of architecture.

Her preferred methods of learning and interacting are through travel and writing.

St. Basil’s Cathedral

In 1923, the cathedral was one of the first monuments to be taken over by the Soviet government following the Bolshevik revolution. It was later renovated into a museum of art and history to honor the revolution. Officially established as a section of the State Historical Museum in 1929. Together with the Red Square and the Kremlin, it was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1990. In addition to architecture, Chaitali is interested in urban history, architectural legacy, and the history and theory of architecture.

She is a firm believer that writing and research are essential for success in both academics and the practice of medicine.


Okhotny Ryad is a Russian word that means “Old Ryad.”




Open from 10:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. From May 1 through May 31, the store is open from 11:00 a.m. to 18:00 p.m., with the first Wednesday of each month being closed. From June 1 through August 31, hours are 10:00 a.m. to 18:00 p.m., with the exception of June 11 and August 8. From September 1 to November 7, the store is open from 11:00 a.m. to 18:00 p.m.

Price/Additional Info

Admission 500-1,000 Rbl. per person Entrance is free during worship services (which are held every Sunday).

Technical assistance for the restoration of Saint Basil’s Basilica, Moscow, Russian Federation

Built to celebrate Tsar Ivan IV’s triumph over the Tatars after the seizure of Kazan in 1552, Russia’s Basilica of St. Basil the Blessed was completed in 1561 and stands in the heart of Moscow, Russia’s capital. He enlisted the help of the architect Postnik Yakovlev, who offered a basilica with golden domes in the shape of military helmets as its centerpiece. Following a fire in 1583, the domes were removed and rebuilt with onion domes. It was not until 1670, however, that they were given the colorful appearance that we are familiar with today.

It is located in the heart of Moscow, in the vicinity of the Kremlin and Red Square, and was included on the World Heritage List as a monument in 1990.

The UNESCO Chair in Urban and Architectural Conservation of Moscow and the Russian Committee of ICOMOS both supported the proposal.

According to the terms of the France-UNESCO Cooperation Agreement, in 1999, the head architect for French historical monuments carried out an evaluation mission and made suggestions for restoring and maintaining the structure.

St Basil’s Cathedral, Moscow

  • The construction of St Basil’s Cathedral began in 1561 to commemorate Russia’s victory over the Khanate of Kazan. Though it is officially known as the Cathedral of The Intercession, St Basil’s Cathedral is more commonly known as St Basil’s Cathedral, which was named after the holy fool Vasily, who lived in the 16th century. The Soviet Union recognized the cathedral in the 1960s as a significant and irreplaceable national monument. This historic building received substantial repair and was transformed into a museum showcasing the arts of architecture, history, politics, and religion. Unlike many other ancient structures, St Basil’s was spared demolition under Stalin’s dictatorship
  • Yet,
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The Cathedral of St Basil has become a widely recognized symbol of Russian culture. With its location on Red Square next to the Moscow Kremlin, St. Basil’s Cathedral is a vital component of Moscow’s cityscape as well as an incredible feat of ancient Russian architecture, since it combines eleven distinct churches into an impressive unified ensemble. And what can you discover there today? What is the narrative behind this monument to Russia’s spiritual, political, and architectural history, and what can you find there now?

St. Basil’s Cathedral during Imperial Russia

photo courtesy of The Kazan campaign during Tsar Ivan IV’s reign served as a backdrop to the construction of St Basil’s Cathedral. It was the final in a series of conflicts between the Khanate of Kazan and Russia that had lasted more than a century. Ivan the Terrible made a pledge to build a cathedral to commemorate Russia’s triumph at the Battle of Kazan in 1552, before embarking on his key assault to seize the city. Following the Russian conquest of Kazan on October 2nd, the wooden Trinity Cathedral, which was surrounded by seven chapels, was completed.

  1. The precise designer of St Basil’s Cathedral has not been determined; nevertheless, Barma and Postnik, two Russian architects, are often credited with the project.
  2. According to legend, Ivan the Terrible was so taken aback by the church that he ordered its architect to be blinded, ensuring that its unparalleled beauty and splendor would never be duplicated.
  3. Consecration of each church was done in commemoration of significant events in Russian spiritual or political history.
  4. What if I told you something you already knew?
  5. The building remained the tallest structure in Moscow for 39 years after it was completed!
  6. Ivan the Terrible was impressed by the supernatural talents of Saint Vasily (Basil), who was a holy fool and soothsayer known for his abilities.
  7. In addition to being open 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and being the only heated church in the cathedral ensemble, the chapel quickly became synonymous with the cathedral as a whole.

In 1812, Napoleon’s army stormed Moscow and ransacked the cathedral, converting it into stables for horses. When Napoleon was fleeing from Moscow, he ordered his chief of artillery to demolish the cathedral; however, the torrential rain quickly killed the fuses of the explosives that had been lit.

St. Basil’s Cathedral during Soviet Russia

image courtesy of wikipedia For more than a century, the Khanate of Kazan and Russia conducted a series of conflicts against each other, culminating in the Kazan campaign of Tsar Ivan IV’s reign and the construction of St Basil’s Cathedral. Ivan the Terrible made a pledge to build a cathedral to commemorate Russia’s triumph at the Battle of Kazan in 1552, which was a watershed campaign in the history of Russia. Following the Russian conquest of Kazan on October 2nd, the wooden Trinity Cathedral, surrounded by seven chapels, was built to commemorate the victory.

The precise designer of St Basil’s Cathedral has not been determined; nevertheless, Barma and Postnik, two Russian architects, are widely believed to have been responsible.

Ivan the Terrible was reportedly so taken aback by the cathedral that he ordered its architect to be permanently blinded, ensuring that the structure’s unparalleled beauty and splendor would never be duplicated again.

In commemoration of significant events in Russian spiritual or political history, each church was dedicated.

That’s right, it’s true.

The building remained Moscow’s tallest structure for 39 years after it was completed!

Ivan the Terrible was impressed by the remarkable talents of Saint Vasily (Basil), who was a holy fool and soothsayer known for his mystical abilities.

In addition to being open around the clock and being the only heated church in the cathedral complex, the chapel quickly became associated with the whole structure.

They looted the cathedral and used it as a barn when Napoleon’s troops stormed Moscow in 1812.

St. Basil’s Cathedral today

Photo courtesy of Nicole Pankalla’s website, Pixabay. In 1990, the Cathedral of St Basil was classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and it continues to be such today. As soon as church services were re-established in 1991, work began to restore the cathedral’s bells to their former glory. Today, the bell tower is home to 19 bells that range in age from 25 to over 500 years. The Basilica of St. Basil the Great was named one of Russia’s Seven Wonders of the World in 2007.

Today, St Basil’s Cathedral is a hive of activity, both religious and secular in nature. Beyond its chapels and religious services, the cathedral is host to a wide range of events, including festivals, exhibits, cultural events, concerts, and a variety of other activities.

What can you see at St. Basil’s Cathedral today?

  • Pixabay image courtesy ofNicole Pankalla’s website A UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1990, St. Basil’s Cathedral is located in the heart of Moscow. As soon as church services were re-established in 1991, work began to restore the cathedral’s bells, which are now housed in the bell tower and range in age from 25 to approximately 500 years! Russia’s Seven Wonders were officially recognized in 2007 when the St. Basil’s Cathedral was named one of them. It is a hive of activity both spiritual and worldly today at St Basil’s Cathedral. Beyond its chapels and religious services, the cathedral is host to a wide range of activities, including festivals, exhibits, artistic events, concerts, and a variety of other performances.


Photo courtesy of Nicole Pankalla’s website Pixabay In 1990, the Cathedral of St Basil was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. As soon as church services were re-established in 1991, work began to restore the cathedral’s bells to their former glory. Today, the bell tower is home to 19 bells ranging in age from 25 to over 500 years. The Cathedral of St Basil was named one of Russia’s Seven Wonders of the World in 2007. Today, St Basil’s Cathedral is a hive of activity, both spiritual and profane.


The interior of St Basil’s is particularly interesting because of the wide range of architectural and artistic styles that can be seen there. The cathedral’s treasures include oil paintings, frescoes, portraits, and landscape paintings; iconostases containing over 400 masterpieces of Moscow and Novgorod iconography from the 16th to the 19th centuries; and valuable exhibits belonging to the church and imperial family. The cathedral is open to the public on weekends and holidays. Within the cathedral, a maze of vaulted interior corridors and galleries connects each chapel, which is decorated from floor to ceiling with vibrant geometric patterns and natural elements.

Church of the Intercession of the Holy Virgin

A photo taken from the central chapel of St Basil’s Cathedral, which bears the cathedral’s formal name. From the inside of the central church, you can get a sense of the real magnitude of the cathedral. St Basil’s Cathedral was completed on July 12, 1561, and the original brickwork and paintwork have been retained in certain areas, including an inscription commemorating the date of completion (12th July 1561), which is lighted by a spectacular chandelier. The massive iconostasis in the Baroque style was transported to Moscow in the late 1700s.

Church of Cyprian and Justina

On October 2, 1552, the chapel was dedicated in honor of the martyrs Cyprian and Justina, whose memorial day commemorates the conquest of Kazan by the Russian army. The white columns bordering the octagonal chapel house large paintings representing the lives of saints, which reach towards a center fresco of the Virgin Mary, which is a highlight of the chapel. Scenes from the Creation are depicted on a gilded iconostasis in the Classical style. The Dome of the Church of Cyprian and Justina is a blue and white vertically striped dome that crowns the whole structure.

Church of St Gregory of Armenia

a photo taken from one of St Basil’s four little chapels, which were erected in honor of Saint Gregory, the missionary who was responsible for converting Armenia to Christianity Ivan’s expedition culminated in 1552 with the demolition of the Arsk tower of Kazan’s stronghold, which occurred on the feast day of St. Nicholas (30th September). Colorful iconostasis adorned with silk and velvet drapes contrasts with the austere bleached walls of the chapel.

Architectural characteristics from the 16th century, religious clothes from the 17th century, traditional candles, and a beautiful enamel lamp are also on display, among other things. The outside dome is embellished with a grid of golden diamonds in various sizes.

Church of the Three Patriarchs of Constantinople

photo courtesy of The remembrance of patriarchs Alexander, John, and Paul is honored on August 30, the anniversary of Ivan’s victory against Tatar Prince Yapanchi in 1552, on which the patriarchs were killed. On the walls and ceiling, oil paintings show the patriarchs and other sacred figures, while a massive five-tiered iconostasis, a combination of Baroque and Classical elements, towers over the congregation. The dome of this chapel, which is one of the cathedral’s lesser ones, is composed of green and red rhombuses.

Church of Saint Vasily (Saint Basil)

photo courtesy of However, despite its little size, this chapel is possibly the most lavishly painted, with vivid paintings depicting holy icons and incidents from the life of Saint Vasily adorning the walls. The iconostasis was designed and built under the supervision of renowned artist Osip Chirikov. A considerable portion of it extends along the surrounding walls, and its icons are placed against a gold, crimson, and blue backdrop; two ancient icons of special note are Our Lady of Smolensk and The Image of Saint Vasily the Blessed, both of which date back to the 12th century.

Church of the Entrance of the Lord into Jerusalem

This church commemorates Jesus’ arrival into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday, also known as the Feast of the Palms. The solemn whitish walls are punctured by ancient elements from the 16th century, and damage inflicted by shelling during the October Revolution can be seen above the northern door, which is located over the northern door. The iconostasis of this cathedral was adapted from the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in the Kremlin, and it depicts episodes from the life of this famous Russian warrior and statesman.

Church of the Holy Trinity

This church is dedicated to the preservation of the fundamental doctrines of Christianity. Its design is light, beautiful, and calm, and much of the original architecture and ornamentation has been retained, including the cathedral’s oldest chandelier and one of its most respected icons, the Old Testament Trinity. The Old Testament Trinity is one of the cathedral’s most revered icons. In the direction of the pinnacle of the dome, cream and green stripes curve, mimicking the spiral of eternity that adorns the inside of the dome.

Church of Alexander Svirsky

St. Alexander Svirsky, who was responsible for converting Northern Russia to Orthodoxy, is commemorated in this little church. Photo courtesy of Wikipedia On the 30th of August, the feast day of this saint is also observed. The interior of the chapel is decorated with paintings that seem like brickwork, and a spiral of eternity wraps around the inner dome; the façade is composed of curving stripes of green and cream coloration.

Church of Saint Nicholas the Wonderworker

This photograph was taken inside a large church dedicated to Saint Nicholas the Wonderworker, whose venerated icon was transported from Vyatka to Moscow in 1555. This event of great spiritual significance is depicted in murals, and the iconostasis of the church depicts the life of Saint Nicholas.

The decoration of this chapel is particularly ornate, with brightly colored paintings reaching all the way to the ceiling and an iconostasis adorned with floral motifs in gilded stucco on the walls and ceiling. The red and white zig-zag stripes on the exterior of the dome add a splash of color.

Church of Varlaam Khutynsky

An additional one of St Basil’s little chapels, this one topped with a dome made out of green and yellow triangles. St. Varlaam Khutynsky, an ascetic who was venerated by Ivan IV and his father as the patron saint of the imperial dynasty, is honored in this monument. The feast day of St. Ivan the Terrible, celebrated on November 6, commemorates Ivan’s triumphant return to Moscow in 1552. The iconostasis is decorated with icons from the 16th to the 18th centuries, with a massive hanging icon, The Vision of the Sexton of Tarasia, portraying the prediction of a succession of tragedies that would befall Novgorod, being of special importance.

Church of John the Blessed

In November 2018, the cathedral ensemble’s eleventh and final church, dedicated to St. Nicholas, opens its doors to the public. In honor of Saint John, a holy fool, a chapel was dedicated in his honor. The chapel has a gilded iconostasis, relics of the saint, as well as a modest display of religious goods and artwork.

Bell Tower

Addition to the cathedral’s ensemble in the late 1600s; this edifice is significantly separate from the main construction. Photo courtesy of An octagonal tent with tiny windows and multicolored tiles atop the structure serves as the roof’s roof structure. The Veil with Basil and John the Blessed, a massive and famous icon, may be seen on the southern wall of the bell tower, to the right of the entrance. The St Basil’s Cathedral offers a variety of themed and general excursions that may be booked in advance, but for a more pleasurable and educational day out, consider taking Express to Russia’s private Moscow tour, which includes a visit to this majestic structure.

What’s nearby?

  • Located between the Kremlin and the ancient Kitai-Gorod area, Red Plaza is surrounded by some of Moscow’s most renowned landmarks and is considered to be the most famous square in Russia. Located in Moscow, the Kremlin has been an iconic emblem of Russian culture and statehood for centuries, housing cathedrals and churches as well as 20 towers and sumptuous palaces
  • It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is recognized for its magnificent architecture, and it is Moscow’s most famous department store and premier luxury shopping destination. GUM Department Store Located on the banks of the Moskva River, Park Zaryadye is a vast park with portions that recreate Russia’s different environment as well as an observation platform that provides a spectacular view of the Kremlin.

Essential Information for Visitors

Contact Information and Addresses Red Square, Moscow, 109012 Okhotny Ryad (550m), Ploshchad Revolutsii (650m), Teatralnaya (650m), Okhotny Ryad (550m), Teatralnaya (650m) (700m) +7 (495) 698-33-04 (Toll-free) Hours of operation are 10:00-18:00 from June through August. 11:30-18:00 from May to September and October, and 11:30-17:00 from November to April. The first Wednesday of every month is a closed day.

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