- 1 Saint Valentine
- 2 6 Surprising Facts About St. Valentine
- 3 Why St. Valentine Is the Patron Saint of Love
- 4 Lifetime
- 5 Feast Day
- 6 Patron Saint Of
- 7 Biography
- 8 The First Valentine
- 9 Famous Miracles of Saint Valentine
- 10 St. Valentine – Saints & Angels
- 11 History of St. Valentine
- 12 Who was Saint Valentine? And why was he beheaded?
- 13 Who was Saint Valentine and why was he executed? love letters explained
- 14 Sign upto our History and Heritage newsletter
- 15 10 Facts About Saint Valentine
- 16 1. He was a 3rd century Roman clergyman
- 17 2. He had the power of healing
- 18 3. “From Your Valentine” originates from a letter of his
- 19 4. His skull is on display in Rome
- 20 5. His blood was gifted by Pope Gregory XVI
- 21 6. He is the patron saint of epilepsy
- 22 7. He may have been two different people
- 23 8. There are actually many St. Valentines
- 24 9. His association with love began in the Middle Ages
- 25 10. Valentine’s Day may have been an invention by Chaucer
- 26 Who was St Valentine, what happened to him and how did Valentine’s Day start?
- 27 Who was Saint Valentine?
- 28 What happened to St Valentine?
- 29 Where is St Valentine buried?
- 30 How did Valentine’s Day start?
- 31 Early origins of St. Valentine
- 32 The Valentine martyrs
- 33 St. Valentine was not a romantic
- 34 Unlikely pagan origins
- 35 Chaucer and the love birds
- 36 Invisible Valentines
- 37 What’s the Origin of Valentine’s Day?
‘St. Valentine’ is the name of one or two mythical Christian martyrs whose lives appear to have been based on real events (died 3rd century Rome; feast day February 14). Despite the fact that the Roman Catholic Church still recognizes St. Valentine as a saint of the church, he was removed from the General Roman Calendar in 1969 due to a lack of solid information concerning him. He is the patron saint of lovers, epileptics, and beekeepers, among many other things. Saint Valentine is said to have been a Roman physician who died as a martyr during the persecution of Christians by EmperorClaudius II Gothicus about the year 270, according to some traditions.
Other accounts refer to him as thebishopofTerni, Italy, who was martyred, probably also inRome, and whose remains were afterwards transferred to Terni, according to the accounts.
A letter sent to his jailer’s daughter, whom he had befriended and healed of her blindness, was signed “from your Valentine” by St.
In another version of the story, he broke the emperor’s instructions and secretly married couples in order to save the husbands from fighting in the war.
greeting cardValentine’s Day greeting card from the United States, about 1910.
6 Surprising Facts About St. Valentine
1. There is a possibility that the St. Valentine who originated the celebration was two separate individuals. St. Valentine, who is officially acknowledged by the Roman Catholic Church, is believed to have been a genuine person who died about the year 270. Although his actual identity was questioned as early as A.D. 496 by Pope Gelasius I, who described the victim and his actions as “known only to God,” it was not until A.D. 496 that the martyr’s true identity was established. As described in a historical story from the 1400s, Valentine was a temple priest who was murdered near Rome by emperor Claudius II for assisting Christian couples in their marriage.
- Because of the parallels between these testimonies, it is believed that they may be referring to the same individual.
- Valentine that it would no longer be appropriate to venerate him during liturgical services.
- The saint who is commemorated on Valentine’s Day is officially recognized as St.
- Because the name “Valentinus” (derived from the Latin word meaning worthy, strong, or powerful) was a popular appellation between the second and ninth centuries A.D., countless martyrs have been known to bear this name throughout history.
- Among the most recent saints to be elevated to the level of sainthood is St.
- In 1988, Pope John Paul II declared Berrio-Ochoa to be a saint.
MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: Was St.
Saints are expected to keep themselves occupied in the afterlife, and this is certainly the case.
Naturally, people seek his assistance in keeping an eye on their loved ones’ life.
Moreover, as you might guess, he is the patron saint of engaged couples as well as of happy marriages.
The Valentine’s skull may be found in the city of Rome.
Valentine, which has been decorated with flowers, is on display at the Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Rome.
According to tradition, these fragments and portions of the late saint’s corpse were then sent to reliquaries all across the world, where they remain today.
Valentine’s skeleton can be seen on exhibit in the Czech Republic, Ireland, Scotland, England, and France, among other places.
Chaucer, a medieval English poet, was known for taking liberties with history, setting his lyrical figures in fabricated historical circumstances that he presented as true in his works of fiction.
In his poem “Parliament of Foules,” he draws a connection between a history of courtly love and the celebration of St.
When it comes to finding a spouse, birds (and people) gather on February 14th, according to the poet’s description.
Because there are so many Saint Valentines on the Roman Catholic calendar, you can choose to commemorate the saint on several occasions throughout the year.
Valentine of Viterbo on November 3, which is a day other than February 14.
Valentine of Raetia on January 7 to get a head start on the usual Valentine festivities.
Valentine (Valentina), who was killed in Palestine on July 25, 308 A.D.
as a virgin. As an elder of the church on July 6th, the Eastern Orthodox Church also commemorates St. Valentine as a martyr on July 30th, with the first commemoration taking place on July 6th as a martyr. MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: Valentine’s Day has a long and colorful history.
Why St. Valentine Is the Patron Saint of Love
In the Christian tradition, Saint Valentine is known as the patron saint of love. His life, according to believers, was used by God to accomplish miracles and educate others how to recognize and experience genuine love. This well-known saint, an Italian doctor who subsequently became a priest, is credited with inspiring the establishment of the celebration of Valentine’s Day in the United States. He was imprisoned for officiating at weddings for couples at a time when new marriages were prohibited in ancient Rome, which led to his imprisonment.
This letter later became the basis for the practice of giving Valentine’s cards.
The year of his birth is uncertain, but he died in Italy around 270 AD.
The 14th of February
Patron Saint Of
Weddings, engagements, greetings to the young and the young at heart, tourists, beekeepers, persons with epilepsy, and a plethora of churches
Saint Valentine was a Catholic priest who had also served as a physician at one point in his life. During the third century AD, he resided in Italy and worked as a priest in the city of Rome. There is little information available concerning Valentine’s early life, according to historians. Following Valentine’s initiation into the priesthood, they continue up the tale where it left off. Valentine became well-known by marrying couples who were in love but couldn’t legally be married in Rome under the reign of Emperor Claudius II, who forbade marriages.
- Claudius desired to recruit a large number of men to serve as soldiers in his army, and he believed that marriage would be a barrier to enlisting fresh recruits in his army.
- When Emperor Claudius learned that Valentine was conducting weddings, he imprisoned Valentine and ordered him to be executed.
- Valentine made a friend in his jailer, Asterious, who was so taken with Valentine’s intelligence that he requested Valentine to assist his daughter, Julia, with her schoolwork.
- Julia was legally blind and required someone to read stuff to her so that she could learn it.
- Valentine gained popularity with Emperor Claudius as well.
- Moreover, not only did Valentine refuse to abandon his religious beliefs, but he also pushed Emperor Claudius to invest his faith in Christ as well.
Valentine’s steadfast choices ultimately cost him his life. As a result of Valentine’s reaction, Emperor Claudius was so furious that he ordered Valentine’s execution.
The First Valentine
Valentine penned a final message to Julia before he was assassinated, encouraging her to remain close to Jesus and thanking her for the privilege of being his friend. “From your Valentine,” he wrote at the bottom of the message. On the 14th of February, Valentine’s Feast Day, which is observed on the same day that Valentine was murdered, individuals were encouraged to write their own love words to those they care about. Valentine was beaten, stoned, and decapitated on the 14th of February in the year 270 AD.
During the year 496, Pope Gelasius declared February 14th to be the official feast day of Saint Valentine.
Famous Miracles of Saint Valentine
The goodbye message that Saint Valentine delivered to Julia was the most well-known miracle ascribed to him, and it is the subject of this article. Christians believe that God miraculously healed Julia of her eyesight so that she could directly read Valentine’s message rather than having it read to her by someone else, as she had previously done. Many individuals have prayed for Valentine to plead on their behalf before God regarding their love relationships in the years following his death. In the years after praying to Saint Valentine for assistance, a large number of couples have reported experiencing miraculous changes in their relationships with their partners, girlfriends, and husbands.
St. Valentine – Saints & Angels
Saint Valentine, also known as Saint Valentine of Rome, is a third-century Roman saint who is widely commemorated on February 14 and is connected with “courtly love.” Saint Valentine is also recognized as the patron saint of lovers. Although little is known about St. Valentine’s life, and whether or not the stories about him are about two different saints with the same name has not been definitively determined, it is widely accepted that he was martyred and then buried on the Via Flaminia, north of Rome, near the site of the current Vatican City State.
- Valentine, the Roman Catholic Church decided to remove him from the General Roman Calendar in 1969.
- The traditions that have been attributed to the enigmatic saint are just as contradictory as the real identity of the guy himself.
- Valentine is that, as the previous Bishop of Terni, Narnia, and Amelia, he spent a period of his life under the supervision of Judge Asterius, who placed him under house imprisonment.
- Valentine and his religious beliefs were instantly put to the test by the court.
- Valentine was entrusted with the blind daughter of the judge, and he was instructed to restore her sight.
- Valentine was able to restore the child’s vision by placing his palms over her eyes.
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Asterius and his family, as well as the entire 44-member household, were baptized after destroying all of the idols in and around their home, fasting for three days, and repenting.
He was dispatched to Rome on the orders of Emperor Claudius Gothicus (Claudius II).
Valentine, the Nuremberg Chronicle.
Valentine was imprisoned for marrying Christian couples and assisting Christians who were being persecuted by the Roman emperor Claudius.
The saint and the emperor began to develop a personal friendship, and Valentine even sought to persuade Claudius to convert to Christianity.
On February 14, 269, St.
Other accounts of St.
Other portrayals of St.
Another version of the history of St.
On the day of his execution, he left a message for the girl, which said, “Your Valentine,” in the margins.
It is possible that the romantic element of Valentine’s Day originated during the Middle Ages, when it was thought that birds matched couples around the middle of the month of February.
Despite the fact that no one can agree on the precise origin of the event, it is widely regarded as a day of love, devotion, and passion among people.
Valentine, whomever he was, did in fact exist, since archaeologists have discovered a Roman catacomb and an old chapel dedicated to St. Valentine, proving that he existed. In 496 AD, Pope Gelasius declared the 14th of February to be a day of commemoration in remembrance of his sacrifice.
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- In the Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Rome, there is a skull of St.
- The Valentine relics were discovered in the catacombs of Saint Hippolytus on the Via Tiburtina in 1836 and were later determined to be those of Saint Valentine.
- The gift from Pope Gregory XVI to Fr.
- Valentine and was given to him by the Pope.
In addition to the Church of St Peter and Paul at Vysehrad in Prague, alleged relics were discovered in the parish church of St Mary’s Assumption in Chelmno, Poland, at the reliquary of Roquemaure in France, at the Stephansdom in Vienna, at Balzan, Malta, and at Blessed John Duns Scotus’ church in the Gorbals district of Glasgow, Scotland.
Valentine as their patron saint.
A image of him with birds and roses may be found in many places, and his feast day is commemorated on February 14.
History of St. Valentine
What was the life of Saint Valentine like, and how did he come to be the inspiration for Valentine’s Day? Three separate Saint Valentines are named in the early martyrologies, all of whom share the date of February 14th as their feast day. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of historical evidence. St. Valentine was born in Rome and trained as a priest and physician. During the persecution of Emperor Claudius II, the Goth, he, together with St. Marius and his family, comforted the martyrs in their suffering.
- Valentine was caught, condemned to death for his beliefs, tortured with clubs, and eventually decapitated on February 14, AD 270.
- Several centuries later, Pope Julius I (333-356) constructed a basilica on the site, which still houses St.
- Evidence of the tomb of St.
- He was canonized in the thirteenth century and his remains were moved to the Church of Saint Praxedes, which is located near the Basilica of St.
- Another notable addition is the construction of a small church near the Flaminian Gate of Rome, which is now known as the Porta del Popolo but was known as “the Gate of St.
- 1143), who is second only to St.
- The Bishop of Interamna was the second St.
- According to Prefect Placidus’s instructions, he was detained, scourged, and beheaded as well, and he was subjected to persecution once again under the reign of Emperor Claudius II.
- Valentine was martyred in Africa around the fourth century.
- All all, seven individuals, each of whom was known as St.
- When it comes to the widespread rituals of demonstrating love and devotion on St.
When it came to choosing his spouse on Seynt Valentyne’s day, Chaucer wrote in his “Parliament of Foules” (in Old English): “For this was on Seynt Valentyne’s day, When every foul comethther to pick his mate.” The day was therefore designated as “lovers’ day” and encouraged the exchange of letters, presents, and other tokens of devotion.
Valentine’s day and every bird choosethhimself a mate, and if it like you to come on Thursday night, and makeprovision that you may abide until then, I trust to God that ye shall speak to my husband and I shall pray that we may bring the matter to a conclusion.” Another literary example of St.
I recommend myself to you, right reverend and worshipful, as well as my right well beloved Valentine, with a heartfelt wish to hear about your well-being, which I implore Almighty God to keep safe till His pleasure and your heart’s desire.” While discussing the romantic undertones of Valentine’s Day, no mention is made of St.
- It appears that the exchange of “valentines” is the consequence of secular tradition, not the remembrance of St.
- The love of our Lord, which is vividly expressed in the picture of His most Sacred Heart, is a love that is self-less, unconditional, and self-sacrificing.
- Clearly, St.
- On this Valentine’s Day, each individual should renew his or her love for the Lord, following in the footsteps of this great saint, for only in doing so can he or she truly love those who have been committed to his or her care, as well as any other neighbor.
- Remember what Jesus said: “Never forget who you are.” “Love one another in the same way that I have loved you, is my mandate.
There is no greater love than this: to give one’s life for the sake of one’s companions ” (Jn 15:12-13). This mandate was carried out by St. Valentine, and we should strive to do the same.
a Reverend William Saunders “The Life and Times of Saint Valentine.” The Arlington Catholic Herald is a newspaper published in Arlington, Virginia. Unless otherwise stated, this piece is reproduced with permission from the Arlington Catholic Herald.
Pastor of Our Lady of Hope church in Potomac Falls, Virginia, Father William Saunders is a native of the United Kingdom. Currently, he serves as dean of Christendom College’s Notre Dame Graduate School. The preceding item is an excerpt from a “Straight Answers” column he wrote for the Arlington Catholic Herald in Arlington, Virginia. Straight Answers, a book based on 100 of Father Saunders’ columns, and Straight Answers II are among the books written by Father Saunders. Arlington Catholic Herald (Arlington, Virginia, 2003).
Who was Saint Valentine? And why was he beheaded?
Valentine’s Day was established in honor of St. Valentine, who has come to be renowned as the patron saint of romantic relationships. There is very little information available about him because he was a fairly mercurial person. Who was St. Valentine, and how did he come to be the patron saint of loves in the midst of the month of February? A cherubic Cupid and an elderly pious gentleman with a pleasant grin may easily occupy the position, according to one’s imagination. Of course, the truth is a little more convoluted.
- There were three of them.
- Saint Valentine of Rome and Saint Valentine of Terni were both Italian saints, but the third, Saint Valentine of North Africa, lived in a Roman province in North Africa.
- That would be the story of Saint Valentine of Rome, who was killed on February 14th, despite the fact that he had been blessed with good fortune in love.
- Nonetheless, it’s possible that the legends of numerous Valentines were blended into one since the Latin name ‘Valentius’ (which translates as “worthy,’ “strong, and powerful”) was a prominent appellation at the period.
- The Catholic Church itself has certain reservations regarding what really occurred during Saint Valentine’s life.
Valentine as a martyr like those whose names are justly revered among men, but whose deeds are known only to God, as follows: “those whose names are justly reverenced among men, but whose acts are known only to God.” When Pope Gelasius I designated February 14th as the day to commemorate the life of Saint Valentine, he was well aware of how little was known about the saint.
- Bart Zeitblom is the original artist (photo courtesy of Hulton Archive/Getty Images).
- Valentine of Rome was reputedly a temple priest who was beheaded near Rome by the anti-Christian Emperor Claudius II, who was also known as the “Antichrist.” What was the crime?
- Among the martyrs was St.
- While the possibility exists that St.
- Valentine of Rome were the same person, this has not been proven.
- It is said that the Roman Emperor used such drastic measures against Valentine because the saint attempted to persuade him to convert to Christianity in one historical version.
- In response, the emperor ordered that the victim be assaulted with clubs and stones, and he was later killed.
Valentine is said to be interred at a cemetery in the northern part of the city of Rome, together with one or two other saints.
Valentine’s Day is celebrated on February 14th.
When Pope Gelasius I consecrated February 14th to the saint and martyr Valentine, he did so in order to replace the ancient Roman feastLupercalia, which was a pagan celebration that was popular at the time, with the Christian feast.
The ancient fertility festival was distinguished by a slew of ceremonies, including foot races between nude men who were clothed in the skins of slaughtered goats.
The performance of another fertility ritual required a kid to pair couples at random who would then have to live together and be intimate for the entire following year in order to satisfy the fertility ceremony.
Valentine being designated as the patron saint of lovers.
As Benedictine monks expanded the celebration of St.
It is generally agreed that the poet Geoffrey Chaucer, in particular, is responsible for popularizing the concept of courtly romance via his poems, some of which are dedicated to St.
Writing ‘valentines’ to your significant other may be traced back to the same time period, with the first known example reaching back to the 15th century.
“I am already weary of love,My very kind Valentine,” Charles said in a letter to his wife, which was translated as “I am already sick of love,My very gentle Valentine.” Similarly, Shakespeare played a role in popularizing the association between Valentine’s Day and love, writing about St.
Exchange of “valentines” or love notes (often in the shape of hearts) on Valentine’s Day spread further throughout Anglo-Saxon countries in the nineteenth century.
Over the course of the twentieth century, this trend of commercialization of the holiday proceeded, particularly in the United States, by introducing new customs such as more complex love letters, along with accompanying presents like as chocolates, flowers, and jewelry.
In other words, while the actual St. Valentine was most likely tortured and executed on February 14th, his sacrifice for the Christian religion has resulted in the celebration of Valentine’s Day that we know and love today.
Who was Saint Valentine and why was he executed? love letters explained
Around 145 million cards are sent each year from lovers and spouses, with 25 million of them being sent in the United Kingdom.
However, the history behind this date is really extremely gruesome, since it involves Saint Valentine in the year 269 AD. Written letters to the daughter of his captor’s daughter, inscribed “from your valentine,” were sent by Saint Valentine (Picture: Shutterstock) Here’s what we know about Saint Valentine, as well as why we commemorate his life on February 14th each year. Who was Saint Valentine? Valentine was a priest or bishop in Rome, who flourished during the third century after Christ. He is said to have been imprisoned by Roman emperor Claudius II as a result of his deception and refusal to comply with the emperor’s instructions to cease conducting Christian weddings.
- The Roman emperor Claudius had legislated against Christian doctrine because he did not want people to worship anybody else except himself.
- He also befriended Claudius, but when he sought to convert the emperor to Christianity, he was put to death.
- Claudius’ daughter is not believed to have had an intimate relationship with Saint Valentine, according to tradition.
- Saint Valentine was assigned a feast day by Pope Gelasius in 496 AD, in honour of the Christian martyr.
- In the high middle ages (1000-1250 AD), Saint Valentine became an icon for love and romance.
- This includes a French 14th-century manuscript illustration of Valentine overseeing the building of his basilica in Terni, Italy.
- He is still identified as a saint by the Catholic church, and his feast day celebrates his life on the day he was killed – 14 February.
- Saint Valentine is the patron saint of lovers, epileptics, and beekeepers.
- The story that he signed his final letter “from your Valentine” has led to the tradition of sending and receiving anonymous cards, letters and poems from admirers.
- Around 75 percent of adults in the UK will celebrate Valentine’s Day, with millenials spending the most – approximately £32 per head.
According toFinder.co.uk, around a quarter of couples not living together will break lockdown to see their partner this year, while others plan Zoom nights and look forward to being reunited later in the year.
10 Facts About Saint Valentine
Valentine, a Roman priest who lived in the year 270, was stoned to death and then decapitated on February 14, 270. Saint Valentine’s Day was established on February 14th, 496, by Pope Gelasius in commemoration of his sacrifice. For hundreds of years, St. Valentine has been connected with romance, love, and devotion among men and women. Despite this, nothing is known about his existence – it is not even clear whether he was a single individual or a pair of individuals. Here are some interesting facts about the man who created Valentine’s Day.
1. He was a 3rd century Roman clergyman
According to most traditions, St. Valentine was a cleric — either a priest or a bishop – in the Roman Empire around the third century. He was killed somewhere about the year 270, during a widespread persecution of Christians. According to the 1493 edition of the ‘Nuremberg Chronicle,’ he was flogged with clubs and eventually executed for assisting Christians in Italy. According to ‘The Golden Legend’ of 1260, St. Valentine refused to reject Christ before the emperorClaudius II Gothicus(214-270), and as a result, he was beheaded outside the Flaminian Gate.
2. He had the power of healing
According to one common narrative, St. Valentine was a previous bishop of Terni, which is located in central Italy. The two men discussed their various religious beliefs while each were placed under house arrest by Judge Asterius. St. Valentine was visited by Asterius, who brought his adopted blind daughter to him and requested him to assist her in seeing again. Valentine, who was praying to God, placed his hands on the kid’s eyes, and the youngster was able to see again. The judge was immediately humiliated and converted to Christianity, becoming baptized, and releasing all of his Christian captives, including Valentine, in the process.
The Road To Rome, a documentary narrated by Sir Ian McKellen, follows the trip of three historical fiction authors as they walk from Naples to Rome disguised as Roman soldiers in order to collect money for charity.
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3. “From Your Valentine” originates from a letter of his
Years after his release, Valentine was caught for evangelism once more and imprisoned before being handed over to Claudius II. Apparently, the emperor took a fancy to him, at least until Valentine attempted to persuade him to convert to Christianity. Valentine refused and was sentenced to death by Claudius, who demanded that he either forsake his religion or face the consequences of his actions.
A message to Asterius’ daughter was written on the day of his execution, and it was addressed to the kid whom he had healed of blindness and befriended. His signature on the letter was “from your Valentine,” according to mythology.
4. His skull is on display in Rome
Rome’s Santa Maria in Cosmedin Church, where a relic of St. Valentine can be seen (Photo courtesy of Dnalor 01 and Creative Commons). According to the official history of the Diocese of Terni, Valentine’s body was quickly buried in a cemetery close to where he was killed before his disciples were able to recover his body and bring him back to his hometown of Terni. The discovery of skeleton bones and other relics related with St. Valentine came about as a result of the excavation of a catacomb near Rome in the early nineteenth century.
Its head, which has been embellished with flowers, may be seen on display in the Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosemedin in Rome, and other pieces of his bones can be seen in the United Kingdom (Scotland), France, Ireland, and the Czech Republic.
5. His blood was gifted by Pope Gregory XVI
In 1836, the Carmelite priest John Spratt received a gift from Pope Gregory XVI (1765-1846) that contained a “small jar stained” with the blood of St. Valentine. The gift was from Pope Gregory XVI (1765-1846). Thereafter, the gift was transported to the Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church in Dublin, where it is still on display today. The church continues to be a popular destination for pilgrims, especially on St. Valentine’s Day, when individuals seeking love go to the chapel in droves.
6. He is the patron saint of epilepsy
St. Valentine’s sacramental responsibilities do not end with interceding for loving couples and marriages. As well as beekeepers and travelers, he is also the patron saint of epilepsy, the plague, fainting, and the occult.
7. He may have been two different people
Pope Gelasius I questioned St. Valentine’s identification as early as 496, referring to him and his actions as “known only to God.” He also referred to him and his actions as “known only to God.” The ‘Catholic Encyclopaedia’ and other hagiographical texts refer to three distinct Saint Valentines who occur in association with the 14th of February in different places. Valentine is described as a temple priest who was murdered in Rome for assisting Christian couples in their marriage according to one 15th century source.
While the two legends are similar, there was enough dispute about his identity that the Catholic Church decided to suspend liturgical worship of him in 1969.
8. There are actually many St. Valentines
In Late Antiquity, the name “Valentinus” – derived from the Latin wordvalens, which means “strong, honorable, and powerful” – became popular. The Roman Catholic Church commemorates around 11 more saints who have the name Valentine, or a variant thereof, in addition to St. Valentine. The most recent Valentine to be beautified was St. Valentine Berrio-Ochoa of Ellorio, Spain, who served as bishop in Vietnam until he was executed in 1861. He was the most recent Valentine to be beautified. There was also a Pope Valentine, who reigned for two months in 827 and was the first pope to do so.
The saint we commemorate on Valentine’s Day is formally known as St. Valentine of Rome, in order to distinguish him from the other St. Valentines who have also been commemorated. The Lupercalian Festival in Rome, created by the Adam Eisheimer Circle (photo courtesy of Christie’s).
9. His association with love began in the Middle Ages
Since the Middle Ages, St. Valentine’s Day has been connected with the tradition of courtly love and courtly courtship. According to popular belief, birds began mating in the middle of February. Every year during this time period, 14 February is commemorated as a day that brought lovers together, with the most lyrical reference being “the birds and the bees.” According to historians Alban Butler and Francis Douce from the 18th century, Valentine’s Day was most likely invented to supplant the pagan festival Lupercalia, which was celebrated on February 14th.
Now is a good time to listen
10. Valentine’s Day may have been an invention by Chaucer
Prior to Chaucer’s ‘Parlement of Foules’, which was published in 1375, there is no concrete proof of the amorous celebrations that took place on 14 February. Using his poem, Chaucer linked the celebration of St. Valentine’s Day, when birds – and humans – gathered together to find a mate, to a tradition of courtly love that had existed for hundreds of years. The following is what he wrote:For this was sent on the day of Seynt Valentyne / When every vile cometh ther to pick his mate By the 1400s, nobility who had been influenced by Chaucer were penning poetry known as “valentines” to express their feelings for their love interests.
Who was St Valentine, what happened to him and how did Valentine’s Day start?
Even though it’s a day for love, the historical context is more horror than romcom. (Image courtesy of Getty) The power of love is commonly acknowledged to be something that can move mountains, part oceans, and carry us up to where we belong – after all, there have been at least two songs written just about its ability to do so. Valentine’s Day is a day when individuals celebrate their love a little bit louder than they would normally do. Even the most jaded cynic can find himself drawn by the romanticism of the day.
However, there are still lots of ways to make it memorable, like meal deliveries, last-minute gift ideas, and inexpensive date ideas.
In what year did Valentine’s Day begin, and who was St Valentine, the person who is credited with giving the holiday its name?
Who was Saint Valentine?
It is said that the day was named after a well-known saint, however there are numerous versions about who he was. Saint Sylvester (on the left) and Saint Valentine (on the right) (R). (Image courtesy of Getty) The commonly recognized and popular idea is that St Valentine was a priest from Rome who lived in the third century and died around the year 270 AD, according to the most recent available evidence. At the time, Emperor Claudius II had prohibited weddings because he believed that unmarried men were better warriors than married ones.
St Valentine, on the other hand, took it upon himself to organize and execute marriages in secret, allowing couples to continue to celebrate their love while remaining anonymous.
What happened to St Valentine?
The Emperor, on the other hand, learned of Valentine’s deception and imprisoned him, sentenceing him to death for his crimes. According to one legend, while imprisoned, Valentine fell in love with the daughter of his jailer, and on the day of his execution (February 14), he wrote her a love note inscribed ‘from your Valentine.’
Where is St Valentine buried?
Love may be found everywhere – and, in a less romantic vein, the bones of St Valentine can also be found. It has already been stated that St. Valentine was killed in Rome and buried there around the 3rd century, making him the patron saint of love. A priest from Ireland named Father John Spratt persuaded Pope Gregory XVI in 1835 to dig up St. Valentine’s bones and bring them back to his homeland as a present to his fellow Irishmen and women. One of St Valentine’s final resting sites, according to legend, is a church in Dublin named for him.
Apart from that, it is also believed that a skull with a flower crown on it is that of St Valentine, and this skull is on display at the Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Rome.
Some of St Valentine’s relics are said to be in Scotland, according to popular belief.
How did Valentine’s Day start?
According to History.com, Valentine’s Day is said to have evolved from a Roman festival known as Lupercalia, with the first Valentine’s Day believed to have occurred in the year 496. The origins of Valentine’s Day are unclear. This year’s celebration was celebrated on February 15 in honor of Faunus, the Roman God of agriculture, and was devoted to him. The origins of Valentine’s Day rituals are said to have originated in Ancient Rome. (Image courtesy of Getty Images) ) It is said that as part of the festivities, guys drew names of potential brides from a hat box.
Later on, the church desired to transform this festival into a Christian celebration and chose to incorporate the commemoration of St Valentine into the festivities.
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Valentine’s Day is celebrated on February 14th, when sweethearts of all ages will exchange greeting cards, flowers, sweets, and other extravagant gifts in the honor of St. Valentine. However, as a scholar of Christian history, I can assure you that at the heart of our modern celebration is a wonderful fantasy that deserves to be celebrated. St. Valentine was not a lover or a saint of love in the traditional sense.
It is really believed that Valentine’s Day started as a liturgical celebration commemorating a third-century Christian martyr, or maybe two, who were beheaded. In other words, what brought us from beheading to betrothing on Valentine’s Day?
Early origins of St. Valentine
It has been discovered that multiple Saint Valentines died on February 14th, according to ancient texts. Two of them were executed during the reign of Roman Emperor Claudius Gothicus, from 269 to 270 A.D., during a time when persecution of Christians was widespread throughout the Roman world. What evidence do we have to support this? Because a monastic order of Belgian monks spent three centuries gathering evidence for the lives of saints from manuscript archives all around the known world, resulting in the publication of the Saints’ Lives.
Using every scrap of information they could find on every saint listed on the liturgical calendar, they reproduced the texts in the order in which the saint’s feast day fell on the calendar.
The Valentine martyrs
It is the stories of a handful of “Valentini” that are included in the volume that includes February 14, including the first three of whom died in the third century. An epileptic receives a benediction from St. Valentine. Images courtesy of Wellcome Images, CC BY Valentinus, along with 24 other warriors, is claimed to have died in Africa while he was a child. Unfortunately, not even the Bollandists were able to uncover any further information on him. As the monks were well aware, often the only thing the saints left behind was their name and the date of their death.
The tale of Valentinus, which was repeated in the “Acta” and was accompanied with Bollandist criticism of the narrative’s historical relevance, tells of a Roman priest called Valentinus who was captured during the reign of Emperor Gothicus and placed in the care of an aristocrat named Asterius.
- Father Valentinus went on and on about Christ bringing pagans out of the shadow of death and into the light of truth and redemption, and he did not stop talking.
- When the girl’s eyes were closed, Valentinus placed his hands over hers and chanted: “Lord Jesus Christ, en-lighten your handmaid,” because “you are God, the True Light.” It’s as simple as that.
- Asterius was baptized together with his entire family.
- Valentinus, on the other hand, was the only one who was decapitated.
A religious widow, on the other hand, managed to escape with his body and had it interred at the place of his execution on the Via Flaminia, an old roadway that ran from Rome to present-day Rimini. Later, a chapel was constructed over the bones of the saint.
St. Valentine was not a romantic
Valentinus was a bishop in the Italian city of Terni, in the province of Umbria, during the third century. St. Valentine is on his knees. David Teniers III is the son of David Teniers II. According to an equally shady narrative, Terni’s bishop found himself in a similar scenario to the other Valentinus when he debated a possible convert and then healed his kid. It is also quite similar to the remainder of the story: he, too, was executed on the orders of Emperor Gothicus, and his body was buried along the Via Flaminia.
- Regardless matter whether they were African, Roman, or Umbrian, none of the Valentines appears to have been very amorous.
- Valentine as executing Christian marriage ceremonies or as transferring messages between Christian lovers imprisoned by Gothicus, among other things.
- However, as the Bollandists pointed out, none of these medieval legends had any historical basis in third-century history.
- Valentine performs the baptism of St.
- Jacopo Bassano is a composer from Italy (Jacopo da Ponte) However, historical accuracy did not have much of an impact on the beliefs of medieval Christians.
- To be true, several separate churches and monasteries across medieval Europe claimed to hold fragments of St.
- The church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome, for example, still has a whole skull on display.
- Peter and Paul in Prague, Saint Mary’s Assumption in Chelmno, Poland, as well as churches in Malta, Birmingham, Glasgow, and the Greek island of Lesbos have claimed to own slivers and bits of one or more of St.
- It was believed that by possessing martyrs’ relics, believers might ensure that the saints’ unseen presence continued among congregations of pious Christians.
- However, as far as we know, the saint’s bones did nothing extraordinary for those who were in love.
Unlikely pagan origins
Books, essays, and blog posts have all been written by researchers deconstructing Valentine and his day. Some believe that the present event is a Christian reinterpretation of the more ancient Roman festival of Lupercalia, which takes place in mid-February. When Lupercalia first began as a rural male cult ceremony involving the sacrifice of goats and dogs, it was considered a rite of passage; nevertheless, it eventually transformed into an urban carnival. While the celebrations were going on, half-naked young men rushed through the streets of Rome, streaking people with thongs made from the skins of freshly slaughtered goats.
Pope Gelasius, on the other hand, is said to have chastised the boisterous event in 496 A.D. But there is no indication that the Pope intended to replace Lupercalia with the more tranquil religion of the martyred Saint Valentine or any other Christian festival on design, as has been suggested.
Chaucer and the love birds
The connection between St. Valentinus and love most likely emerged more than a thousand years after the martyrs’ deaths, when Geoffrey Chaucer, author of “The Canterbury Tales,” dedicated the February feast of St. Valentinus to the mating of birds. “For this occurred on the day of Seynt Volantynys,” he wrote in his “Parlement of Foules.” When every bryd comes to chese his craft,” says the narrator. During Chaucer’s time period, it appears that English birds coupled off around February to create eggs.
Example: In February 1415, the French Duke of Orléans, who had spent several years as a prisoner at the Tower of London, wrote to his wife and expressed his displeasure with love (by which he meant lovesick.) He also referred to her as his “very kind Valentine.” The concept of February mating was well received by English audiences.
It was made simpler by industrialization, which generated mass-produced graphic cards decorated with smarmy poetry.
Valentine’s Day sweets are available.
Merchants pack their shelves with Valentine’s Day sweets, jewelry, and other Cupid-related goods, all of which beg the question, “Be My Valentine.” This desire does not need the killing of the majority of lovers.
It appears that the formerly venerated saint who inspired the festival of love has become as elusive as love itself. In spite of this, as St. Augustine, the famous fifth-century theologian and philosopher, stated in his dissertation on “Faith in Invisible Things,” “someone does not have to be standing in front of our eyes in order for us to be in love with them.” St. Valentine and his renown as the patron saint of love, like love itself, are not things of historical fact, but rather matters of faith.
What’s the Origin of Valentine’s Day?
(Picture courtesy of leovdworp | sxc.hu) Many stories have taken root as the cultural core of Valentine’s Day, the majority of which are derived from the patron saint, Saint Valentine. One tale tells about a priest called Valentine who lived in Rome around the third century and was known as the “Saint Valentine.” At the time, the Roman Emperor Claudius II was putting together a military force, and it is said that he believed unmarried men would make better warriors. In order to establish a more powerful army, the emperor prohibited young men from marrying.
- According to folklore, the love priest was put to death after being discovered.
- His feast day, which was established by the Church to commemorate his noble life, is celebrated on February 14.
- Valentine’s Day in his love poem “The Parliament of Fowls.” For generations, the celebration of Valentine’s Day has been associated with acts of valor and passionate love.
- The first Valentine’s Day box of chocolates was issued in 1868 by Richard Cadbury, and the first “conversation” hearts were introduced in 1902 by the New England Confectionery Company, which was founded in Boston.
- Howland invented the first commercial Valentine’s Day cards in the United States, which were introduced in the 1840s.
- You can’t purchase love, can you?
- According to the National Retail Federation, the typical customer will spend $116.21 on Valentine’s Day this year, with total Valentine’s Day spending estimated to exceed $15.7 billion in total.
The most popular gift option for Valentine’s Day is greeting cards, which account for about 55 percent of all Valentine’s Day presents, followed by sweets and flowers. For a really international Valentine’s Day, here’s how to express “I love you” in a variety of languages.
- Italian: Ti amo
- French: Je t’aime
- Spanish: Te amo
- Farsi: Dooset daram
- Swahili: Naku penda wewe
- Thai: Phom rak khun
- Mandarin: Wo ai ni
- Arabic: Dooset daram
Another sweet way to profess your love, albeit briefly, is through a pastel conversation heart. The New England Confectionery Company produces them from late February through mid-January of the following year. That entire production sells out in just six weeks, equalling about 100,000 pounds (45,360 kg) a day. In the early 1990’s, the company decided to update the sayings every year, retiring some dated terms in the process. The first updated –and now retired– phrase was “Fax Me,” and current phrases include “Text Me,” “Friend Me,” “Tweet Me” and “You Rock.” Follow Life’s Little Mysterieson [email protected] llmysteries.
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Previously, she was an assistant editor at Scholastic’s Science World magazine.
She has worked as a biologist in Florida, where she monitored wetlands and did field surveys for endangered species.