Where Did Saint Sebastian Live

Saint Sebastian

Frequently Asked Questions

Who is St. Sebastian?

During the persecution of Christians by the Roman emperor Diocletian, St. Sebastian (died c. 288, Rome; feast day January 20) became a renowned early Christian saint, whose image was popularized by Renaissance painters and who was thought to have been martyred. He is the patron saint of archers and athletes, as well as of individuals who wish to die in a pious manner. In addition, he was revered as a defender against the bubonic plague and as a patron saint of plague sufferers. According to mythology, he was born in Gaul, moved to Rome, and enlisted in the army of the emperor Carinus (about 283), eventually rising to the rank of captain under Diocletian.

Despite the fact that the archers had abandoned him for dead, a Christian widow nursed him back to health.

His body, which had been dumped into a sewer, was discovered by another devout lady, who had a dream in which Sebastian urged her to bury his bones near the catacombs, according to legend.

This subject matter was a favorite of Renaissance artists, and it was depicted by artists such as Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Sandro Botticelli, Andrea Mantegna, Perugino, and El Greco, among others; the saint is typically depicted as a handsome youth who has been pierced by arrows.

By Michael van Coxie, “The Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian” is a work of art.

Who is St. Sebastian?

Sebastian was born in the Gaulish city of Narbonne, according to mythology. During his service in the Roman army in Rome, about 283, he was instrumental in encouraging Marcellian and Marcus, who were under sentence of death, to maintain their religious convictions. Among those who accepted Christ were Nicostratus, the master of the rolls who was in charge of prisoners, and his wife Zoe, who was a deaf and mute whom Sebastian cured; Claudius, the jailer; Chromatius, Prefect of Rome, whom he cured of gout; and Chromatius’ son, Tiburtius.

  • Chromatius released the convicts, liberated his slaves, and resigned from his position as prefect.
  • Sebastian was a Christian, but none of them were aware of this.
  • As a result, he was sentenced to death.
  • Castulus went to retrieve his body, she discovered that he was still alive and nursed him back to health.
  • Saint Sebastian was worshipped in Milan as far back as the reign of St.

Ambrose, and he was buried on the Appian Way, which runs through the city. He is the patron saint of archers, athletes, and warriors, and he is often invoked for protection against plagues and other calamities. “St. Sebastian” is an abbreviation for “St. Sebastian.” Catholic.org

Who was Saint Sebastian? Everything You Need to Know

Lists of recommendations: Lists of recommendations: Saint Sebastian was a Christian martyr and saint who lived in the third century. He joined the Roman Army after finishing his schooling in Milan, and his mission was to aid the plight of Christian refugees in the Roman Empire. For his outstanding service to the army, Sebastian was appointed to the position of Praetorian Guard, where he would be responsible for protecting Emperor Diocletian. He also served in the army of Emperor Carinus, when he rose to the rank of captain.

  1. Despite the fact that arrows were penetrating his flesh, he managed to live some way or another.
  2. Castulus, who had gone to retrieve his body earlier in the morning.
  3. His veneration in both the Roman Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church grew throughout time as a result of his efforts.
  4. There is also a church dedicated to him in Italy, which continues to be visited by a large number of pilgrims today.
  5. Lists of items to consider: Lists of things to do in childhood Infancy and Adolescence The birth of Saint Sebastian is said to have occurred in the year 256 at Narbonne, Gaul, Italy, according to some accounts.
  6. He received his education in Milan.
  7. Continue reading farther down this page.

Because of his physical strength and endurance, he was quickly elevated to the rank of captain.

Despite the fact that both of them were deacons in the Christian church, their parents had requested that they leave their Christian faith.

It was because of his efforts that the twin brothers were able to remain faithful to their religion during their persecutions, and it was because of this that they were able to confront martyrdom with fortitude.

Someone who knew about Sebastian brought a woman named Zoe to him, who was welcomed by him.

Sebastian prayed with her, and she was able to regain her ability to speak as a result of his prayers.

Emperor Diocletian was ultimately able to discover Sebastian’s Christian religion in 286 AD, after years of trying to keep it secret from him.

Sebastian was to be killed by his archers, according to him.

In AD 288, he appeared before Diocletian once more to express his displeasure with the emperor’s harshness.

He gave the order for his bodyguards to beat him till he died.

His body was subsequently discovered by a pious Christian lady who had previously dreamed about Sebastian, who had requested that she bury his lifeless body among the catacombs at the entrance to the cemetery of Calixtus, where she had previously dreamed about Sebastian.

It was constructed in 367 by Pope Damasus I.

The church is currently named as San Sebastiano Fuori le Mura, which means “Outside the Walls.” Sebastian’s skull was removed from his body and sent to the German town of Ebersberg in 934.

After the 4th century bishop Ambrose of Milan (Saint Ambrose) referenced Saint Sebastian in his sermon on Psalm 118, the martyrdom of Saint Sebastian gained widespread attention.

Athletes, in particular, have embraced him as a popular saint in recent years. Aside from that, he is admired for his unique capacity to keep people safe from the virus.

St. Sebastian – Saints & Angels

There is little information available regarding St. Sebastian’s early life, other than the idea that he may have originated from southern France and that he received his education in Milan. As an ostensible act of devotion to fellow Christians who were being persecuted by the Romans, he enlisted in the Roman Army in 283 AD and served until his death in 298 AD. St. Sebastian distinguished himself and, as a result of his outstanding service, he was elevated to serve as a member of the Praetorian Guard, which was assigned to guard Emperor Diocletian.

  1. The brothers were deacons in the Christian Church, which they founded.
  2. St.
  3. St.
  4. It was via this that he was discovered, and he was identified as a Christian by Emperor Diocletian in 286.
  5. “His body was as full with arrows as an urchin,” according to the description given by the archers who pierced it.
  6. Fortunately, Irene of Rome was able to track him down since her Christian husband had worked as a servant for Diocletian and had been executed as well.
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Sebastian went in pursuit of Diocletian when he recovered from his illness in order to surprise him.

Surprised that Sebastian had survived, Diocletian was taken aback for a moment, but quickly regained his equilibrium.

When his old guard was killed with clubs and then dumped into the sewers, he ordered it to be repeated.

It was about 367 that his bones were relocated to a basilica in Rome, which had been erected by Pope Damasus I over 80 years after he died.

In 934, his skull was taken to a German monastery, where it was deposited in an unique silver casket and preserved for future generations.

St.

In 680, he is said to have defended the city of Rome against the plague, according to historical documents.

Even Christian Romans would recognize the significance of this symbolism.

Often shown with arrows thrown into his body and chained to a post or tree, St.

Sebastian is represented in artwork as a warrior saint. His second execution is almost never shown in any way. St. Sebastian is the patron saint of warriors, athletes, and people who wish to die in a virtuous manner. He is also the patron saint of sailors.

St. Sebastian

The twenty-first of January is a Saint and Martyr. Both a saint and a martyr. Rome’s martyrology includes St. Sebastian, a martyr who traveled to Rome under terrible persecution and died as a result of his actions. Sebastian visited inmates after enlisting in the army, bringing them supplies and consolation in their time of need. On this day in history, he was laid to rest in the catacombs of Rome. Bastos is derived from the Greek word o (Sebastos), which means “venerable.” BEGINNINGS OF A SHORT BIOGRAPHYSebastian became well-known in the early decades of the Christian church.

  • He died in battle.
  • Sebastian is significant in art, and there is a large body of iconography dedicated to him.
  • Sebastian was born in Narbonne, Gaul (now part of modern France), but his parents were from Milan, Italy, and he grew up in that city as a result of their presence.
  • St.
  • Marcus and Marcellian, twin brothers who were serving as Praetorian Guards, were imprisoned for refusing to perform public sacrifices to the gods of Rome while on duty as guards.
  • During their captivity, their parents paid them visits and pleaded with them to abandon their Christian faith.
  • Sebastian, on the other hand, was able to persuade both parents to become Christians.
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Sebastian also converted a number of other significant persons, including the prefect of the local court of justice.

Sebastian was reprimanded by the Emperor, who was already well-known for ordering the killings of hundreds of Christians, and he was ordered to be slain by being fastened to a stake on a training field and used as target practice by the soldiers.

Because they believed he was dead, the archers left his body to be recovered and buried.

As soon as Sebastian recovered enough, the widow attempted to encourage him to flee the perils of Rome, but Sebastian proved to be a courageous soldier.

He even went so far as to contact Diocletian and implore him to cease persecuting Christians.

Afterwards, he ordered his former bodyguard to be beaten to death with clubs and dumped into the sewage system.

It was about 367 that his bones were relocated to a basilica in Rome, which had been erected by Pope Damasus I over 80 years after he died. St. Sebastian is regarded patron of warriors, athletes, and people who wish a virtuous death.

About St. Sebastian – Patron Saint Article

Saint Sebastian Catching a Glimpse of the Trinity

About St. Sebastian

In the reign of Emperor Diocletian, St. Sebastian was a favorite of the Emperor and served as a captain of the dreaded Praetorian Guard. He had been surreptitiously delivering supplies to persecuted Christians, and his missionary activities were well-known in the shadowy world of underground politics and business. It is said that St. Sebastian was a man of profound faith in times when such religion had to be kept concealed, and he was even known to have conveyed Christian beliefs to fellow soldiers of the Roman armed forces.

  • Sebastian was bound to a tree and shot by Diocletian, yet the arrows that entered his robust physique were unable to bring him to death.
  • He eventually died as a consequence of a blunt-force trauma to the head.
  • Archers are also known to pray for him when he is in need of assistance.
  • Sebastian’s life is a narrative of courage, commitment, and strength, and he is widely regarded as the Patron Saint of Athletes.
  • Sebastian’s life, the evidence that is available indicates that he was a man who was completely committed to God till the end of his days.
  • Sebastian’s life were made before he was crowned with the magnificent crown of martyrdom.
  • Sebastian’s birth and youth have been lost to the centuries, as have his parents’ names.

He was brought up as a Christian at a period in which being a Christian was extremely perilous.

Sebastian enlisted in the Roman army in the year 283, and served until his death.

St.

The emperor, Diocletian, despised all Christians and ordered the torture and execution of many of them.

Sebastian was a Christian, he was able to lead a double life in which he was able to serve as a spy in the army while still being a dedicated disciple of Jesus.

Sebastian’s espionage resulted in his discovering information that assisted in the salvation of Christians.

A lady by the name of Zoe was brought to St.

She was the wife of a soldier who served alongside St.

Zoe had lost her ability to communicate and thought that St.

His prayer with her was interrupted by him making the Sign of the Cross over her.

When Diocletian learned about Zoe and the other Christians, he immediately ordered their imprisonment.

When St.

He told Diocletian that he, too, was a Christian, and that he wished to see him converted.

Due to Diocletian’s dissatisfaction with the fact that he had been duped all along by St.

Sebastian be put to death in a horrific manner.

It is believed that St.

They sprayed him with arrow after arrow until he was dead.

Following his recovery, St.

After telling Diocletian what he thought of the Emperor’s brutality, Saint Sebastian attempted to convince him to become a Christian by preaching to him.

Diocletian returned to his palace and ordered his men to track down St.

St.

Then they dragged his body into one of the city’s drains and buried it beneath the ground.

At the time, people were uninformed of the disease’s transmission mechanism and believed that contracting it was a random incident that happened to them.

They prayed to the saint who was linked with archery in an attempt to enlist the assistance of the almighty in order to find protection and respite from this fatal sickness.

The saint in question was, of course, St. Sebastian. His affiliation with being summoned for aid during the period of the Plague earned him the title of “Fourteen Holy Helpers,” which he shared with thirteen other people.

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Patronage of St. Sebastian

St. Sebastian is the patron saint of archers, athletes, the dying, soldiers, and the Pontifical Swiss Guards, as well as the patron saint of plague and disease. St. Sebastian was a valiant warrior and a loyal soldier, and it is because of these attributes that he has been the subject of several patronages throughout history. In the face of death, his courage and determination to give up his life rather than abandon the God whom he loved and served demonstrate that he was an honorable, strong, and holy man who committed his life to God.

A religious medal of Saint Sebastian, the patron saint of athletes, is presented.

St. Sebastian in Art

Saint Sebastian is typically shown as a young man who has been stripped and bound to a tree, with arrows being thrown into his body, in most depictions. He frequently looks to the heavens for assistance and consolation. Every now and again, an angel appears in the background of the scene, carrying him the crown of martyrdom.

St. Sebastian Medals

St. Sebastian medals are a highly popular devotional medal among athletes, and many of them are made in his honor. The majority of the imagery on medals are taken from other works of art, such as paintings or sculpture; for example, a young man bound to a tree with arrows discharged into his body. The pictures on the right and left contain virtually similar features, including an angel poised with a crown of glory (which refers to his martyr’s death) and a crown of thorns (which refers to his martyr’s death).

Prayers of St. Sebastian

Allow Saint Sebastian to be your prayer partner while you repeat one of the prayers below, or as part of your rosary devotion, and ask him to intercede for you. Here is where you may find Saint Sebastian Rosary Beads. Saint Sebastian and an Angel with a crown are depicted here.

Prayer to St. Sebastian for Athletes

Dear Commander in the Roman Emperor’s court, you decided to be a soldier of Christ as well as a soldier of the Roman Empire, and you ventured to propagate faith in the King of Kings, for which you were sentenced to death. Your body, on the other hand, appeared to be athletically powerful, but the arrows used in the execution proved to be exceedingly feeble. As a result, another method of assassinating you was chosen, and you surrendered your life to the Lord. May sportsmen always be as steadfast in their faith as their Patron Saint has demonstrated himself to be.

Prayer to St. Sebastian for Athletes

Saint Sebastian, patron saint of athletes and sports, please assist me in doing the best that I can, setting high goals, and putting out my best effort at all times. If I fail, please give me the strength to try again. Amen.

Prayer to St. Sebastian Against Illness

Our hearts and hands are lifted to you, O Glorious St Sebastian, devoted follower of Jesus Christ, to implore your powerful intercession in obtaining from God the Father all the aids and graces necessary for our spiritual and temporal welfare, particularly the grace of living a holy life, courage to face all perils of my faith and even to sacrifice my life as the price of my faith, and this particular favor we now implore.

(mention it). O, particular protector against sicknesses and accidents, we are filled with hope that your prayer on my behalf would be favorably heard before the throne of God because of your intercession on my behalf. Amen.

St. Sebastian Parish, Belle Vernon

St. Sebastian was a Roman army commander who also happened to be a Christian in secret. Sebastian paid prison visits to Christians who were being persecuted by Diocletian during this time. He was apprehended and accused for being a Christian after a lengthy search. Sebastian, who had been sentenced to death by Diocletian, was bound to a tree and shot with arrows before being abandoned. He did, however, survive and was nursed back to health by Irene, a Christian woman who had found him. His next appearance was before Emperor Diocletian, who this time sentenced him to death by flogging, as a result of his sermons.

  1. In addition to archers and athletes, St.
  2. He serves as an excellent role model for all of us who are members of our parish.
  3. The fact that we are expected to give of our time, skill, and wealth for the glory of God and for the welfare of the Church is continuously brought to our attention.
  4. Sebastian’s example serve as an inspiration to us all.
  5. Sebastian, please intercede for us!

Memorial of Saint Sebastian, Martyr

Optional Memorial Service on January 20th Color of the Liturgical Year: Red Patron Athletes, warriors, and plague victims are among the saints venerated. A tenacious soldier recovers from the brink of martyrdom, only to be martyred for Christ a short time later. The Crucifixion of Jesus Christ and the Annunciation of the Archangel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary are the two episodes in Christian art that have been represented the most frequently throughout history. Perhaps there isn’t a single Catholic church in the world that doesn’t have one or the other picture, and frequently both.

  • Sebastian, is a close second in terms of popularity and ubiquity.
  • It is a really expressive visual representation.
  • They were not pressed for time.
  • Criminal psychologists have observed that killers only conceal the faces of victims who are familiar to them.
  • It appears that there was no hooded executioner in the case of Sebastian.
  • They must have looked square into Sebastian’s eyes before releasing the tension in their bows, since the soldiers in Sebastian’s firing squad did just that.
  • It’s possible that there was some element of recrimination in this whole thing.
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Sebastian was a professional soldier in the Roman army’s upper echelons who rose through the ranks.

His fellow soldiers may have seen his conversion as treason or disloyalty to the empire, which would explain the assassination attempt’s unusual method of execution.

Sebastian, the brave soldier, survived the arrows and was nursed back to health by a woman known to history as St.

He eventually received the martyr’s crown by being beaten to death, earning the title of martyr.

Everyone from nobles to senators to slaves to shoemakers to woodworkers to soldiers to generals to foreigners and indigenous had converted.

By 300 A.D., Christians constituted a major proportion of the population at every level of society, up and down the Roman social hierarchy, and along and surrounding every Roman route.

Sebastian were prepared to die for Christ, which was a clear indication that Rome would never return to its pagan origins if she wanted to.

That would come in the form of Constantine, and it would come quickly.

The martyrdom of St.

The chapel of Saint Sebastian, as well as the Christian catacombs underneath it, are still often visited by pilgrims today.

We beseech you, St.

The fact that you left your lofty position to accept what would have been a near martyrdom and then returned to suffer and die for all time was a heroic witness.

Give us the courage to confront our adversaries when our weak nature wants to flee in the opposite direction. All Saints for Today is a collection of books from My Catholic Life! available on Amazon. Alternatively, you may read online for free by clicking here.

About St Sebastian

Saint Sebastian is a patron saint of sailors. St Sebastian is a Christian saint and martyr. Sebastian is the patron saint of sports and archers in Roman Catholicism, and he is also known as the “Father of the Archers.” In art and literature, he is frequently represented as a man bound to a post or tree and being shot with arrows. Strength, endurance, persistence, courage, and justice are all characteristics and talents associated with St Sebastian, and his representation in art is thought to be indicative of these qualities and gifts in the face of hardship.

  1. Sebastian’s Fellowship In many ways, St Sebastian represents a reconnection with the history and tradition of the Catholic Church.
  2. Throughout history, the Catholic educational system has recognized that education of the complete person is important and crucial.
  3. The connection with St Sebastian, made possible by the ACC’s granting of merit Fellowship, serves as a reminder of our spiritual tradition and the long-held belief in the necessity of the development of the whole person, including the intellect, body, and soul.
  4. What is the significance of Saint Sebastian being the Patron Saint of Sports?
  5. He is claimed to have died as a result of the persecution of Christians by the Roman emperor Diocletian in the third century.
  6. Sebastian is depicted here in the most famous artistic representation; nonetheless, he was saved and cured by Irene of Rome before denouncing the emperor and being clubbed to death.
  7. His other attributes include being revered as a guardian against the bubonic plague and being one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers, which he used to be.
  8. The association between the martyr who was shot with arrows and the epidemic, on the other hand, is not apparent.
  • Athletes, runners, archers, and sports are all patronized by St. Patrick. The 20th of January is Memorial Day / Feast Day
  • Sebastian’s feast day is celebrated on the 18th of December in the Church of Greece. The year 268 marks the anniversary of Saint Sebastian’s death.

When and where was St Sebastian born? – HolidayMountainMusic

SebastianSaint Sebastian’s full name is Sebastian.

Where is Saint Sebastian buried?

Rome, Italy’s Basilica of St.

Sebastian Outside the Walls is a beautiful structure. Saint Sebastian’s Church and Burial Ground

What do you admire about St Sebastian?

My saint has a trait or attribute that I admire: he exhibited courage throughout his life. He was brave because he had a fatal secret that he had to keep hidden from everyone and everything. He belonged to the Christian faith. When he was in the enemy camp, Saint Sebastian risked his life to assist his fellow Christians.

Where did Saint Sebastian grow up?

According to mythology, he was born in Gaul, moved to Rome, and enlisted in the army under the emperor Carinus (c. 283), eventually rising to the rank of captain under the emperor Diocletian. The discovery that Sebastian was a Christian who had converted a large number of troops resulted in him being sentenced to be murdered by arrows.

When was Saint Sebastian born and died?

Saint Sebastian
Born c. AD 256
Died c. AD 288 (aged approximately 32)
Venerated in Catholic Church Eastern Orthodox Church Oriental Orthodoxy Anglicanism Aglipayan Church
Major shrine San Sebastiano fuori le mura Italy

What is San Sebastian known for?

San Sebastian is well-known for its beaches, charming Old Town, and world-class restaurants, among other things. Many structures, including a magnificent church, may be found in and around the Old Town, which has a vibrant scene of local cafés, markets, and stores. There is lots to see and do in San Sebastian, from La Concha Beach to the Aquarium, among other attractions.

Who was St.Sebastian and what did he do?

What is the identity of St. Sebastian? St. Sebastian was an early Christian and army captain who is thought to have been executed during the persecution of Christians by the Roman emperor Diocletian in the 3rd century. He is also known as the patron saint of soldiers.

Where was St.Sebastian of Narbonne born?

Sebastian was born in the Gaulish city of Narbonne, according to mythology. During his service in the Roman army in Rome, about 283, he was instrumental in encouraging Marcellian and Marcus, who were under sentence of death, to maintain their religious convictions.

Who was the Roman Emperor who killed St.Sebastian?

St. Sebastian was an early Christian and army captain who is thought to have been executed during the persecution of Christians by the Roman emperor Diocletian in the 3rd century. He is also known as the patron saint of soldiers. What caused St. Sebastian’s death? According to legend, St. Sebastian was ordered to be murdered by arrows because he had converted his fellow Roman soldiers to Christianity.

Who are the famous painters of Saint Sebastian?

Although it appears in predella scenes as early as the 15th century, Saint Sebastian Tended by Saint Irene was primarily a 17th-century subject, painted by artists such as Georges de La Tour (four times), Trophime Bigot (three times), Jusepe de Ribera, Hendrick ter Brugghen (in what is arguably his masterpiece), and others.

Martyr: The Life of Saint Sebastian – 1517 Words

  • Fourteenth, Paul Brandeis Raushenbush Pope Francis’ “Evangelii Gaudium” (Evangelii Gaudium) Calls for the Renewal of the Roman Catholic Church and Attacks the “Idolatry of Money.” The Huffington Post, published on November 26, 2013. Web
  • – Having a Responsive Faith News – Catholic Online.com’s HomeFamily section. (On the 18th of November, 2014). The following was taken from How The Catholic Church Began on February 3, 2016. (3rd of June, 2003). McGowan, D. (n.d.), retrieved on February 3, 2016, from the website. Is religion a factor in war? Gulnura0112. Wikipedia, accessed on December 12, 2012. Religion-based conflict
  • “The Protestants are on their way.” Let’s Get This Party Started: Rome 2003. Let’s get this party started on the internet. 30th of December, 2003
  • He was also divided on the topics of “How does one get saved and enter heaven?” and “How does one become saved and enter heaven?” Also ask yourself, “Who is the most powerful person in Christianity?” Martin Luther is regarded as one of the most prominent and controversial leaders in the Reformation Movement. His acts exposed corruption inside the Roman Catholic Church, prompting the church to reform some of its procedures. Martin Luther died on October 31, 1546, in Wittenberg, Germany. Among other things, Luther desired for people to be able to study the Bible for themselves and understand that a priest did not have the jurisdiction to demand a monetary payment for the forgiveness of their sins. In fact, his enthusiasm for the Bible was so strong that he decided to convert it into a dialect that everyone could read and comprehend. A terrible shift occurred in the relationship between the church’s leaders and its parishioners as a result of this translation. center of the paper.t.org/cathen/09438b.htm Martin Luther. middle of the paper. R. C. Head et al. (2004)
  • The Legion of Decency assigned ratings to films, journals, and other similar products, and established a standard for Catholics all over the world to follow. Among other things, the Legion denounced films such as “Jesus Christ Superstar” for blasphemy and heresy, and also advised against a wide range of other films of questionable morality. Catholics were kept away from media that was critical of the Church or that was judged unsuitable for Catholics to watch, thanks to the efforts of the Legion of Honor. Mystical Manipulation is the second trait that may be seen in damaging mind-control cults. Leaders “become God’s intermediaries. the cult and its ideas are recognized as the one and only real road to salvation”
  • “Pope John Paul II,” says the narrator. [Wikipedia] Wikimedia Foundation, 26 May 2014. [Wikipedia] Wikimedia Foundation, 26 May 2014. Web. 26 May 2014.
  • “General Councils,” by Joseph Wilhelm, published in 2014. The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume I
  • The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume II
  • 2013. Patrick Regan’s article “Quenching the Spirit: The Epiclesis in Recent Roman Documents” appeared in Worship 79.5 (2005): 386-404. ATLA Catholic Periodical and Literature Index
  • ATLA Catholic Periodical and Literature Index
  • When it comes to religion, Voltaire once stated that “Christianity ought to inspire the greatest tolerance of all religions,” but that “Christians have been the most intolerant of all men” up to this point. The quote used to be accurate when it came to the Catholic Church. According to Catholic tradition, the ten commandments include “Thou shalt not kill,” which means “You shall not kill.” As long as the commandments are obeyed, it is guaranteed that one will receive a one-way ticket to paradise. Suppose the Catholic Church and the Pope provide permission for thousands of innocent individuals to be slaughtered or punished just because they have views that differ from those of the Catholic religion? What would happen then? Beginning in 1472, the Spanish ruling class and the Catholic Church in Western Europe (primarily Spain and Portugal) joined forces to establish the Spanish Inquisition (Holy Inquisition) in order to consolidate political and ecclesiastical dominance. Those who were considered heretics or non-believers were killed, tortured, or driven away.
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Saint Sebastian

‘Of all religions, the Christian ought to inspire the greatest tolerance, yet Christians have, until recently, been the most intolerant of all men,’ Voltaire famously observed. For the Catholic Church, the remark was once accurate. According to Catholic tradition, the ten commandments include “Thou shall not kill,” which is a prohibition against killing. Following God’s commands would ensure a guaranteed one-way ticket to paradise as long as they were obeyed. The question is what would happen if the Catholic Church and the Pope gave permission for thousands of innocent individuals to be slaughtered or punished just because they have ideas that differ from those of the Catholic faith.

Those who were considered heretics or non-believers were either executed, tortured, or driven away.

Saint Sebastian

THE HOLY SAINT SEBASTIAN The Golden Legend1 published an article on January 20th. Sebastian is derived from the Latin words sequencens, which means “following,” beatitudo, which means “beatitude,” astin, which means “city,” andana, which means “above,” and it refers to someone who pursues the beatitude of the city from a high position; for, as Augustine writes, he earned it at a fivefold cost. Through his poverty, he got the kingdom; through his suffering, he gained everlasting pleasure; through striving and work, he gained eternal rest; through humiliation, he earned glory; and through his death, he gained life.

  1. Also known as Sebastian the Surrounded, due to the fact that he was imprisoned by arrows, much like a porcupine with quills.
  2. He was a native of Narbonne and a citizen of Milan at the time of his death.
  3. He, on the other hand, wore the knightly coat of mail primarily so that he could aid and comfort the persecuted Christians in the event that they succumbed to their agony.
  4. Their mother came to see them first, her hair dishevelled, her clothes in shreds, her breasts uncovered, and she said to them: ‘0 my darling boys, what unheard of agony, what awful sadness, has befallen you!
  5. It is possible that the enemy had seized them from me, and I would have raced into the midst of the conflict to reclaim them!
  6. A new sort of death has emerged, in which the victim asks the headsman to strike, in which the living wish to live no more, and in which the living choose to invite death rather than avoiding it!
  7. 0 my boys, support of my old age, and lifeblood of my heart, why do You have such a strong affection for death?
  8. All old men are invited to join me in mourning for my boys.
  9. In addition to seeing my boys die beneath the sword, you, my eyes, will be blinded by tears!
  10. Who will be in charge of looking after these children?

“Are your hearts composed of iron to the point that you despise your parents, despise your spouses, and despise your children?” When Saint Sebastian, who happened to be present at the time, stepped up and said: ‘Brave warriors of Christ, do not let these charming words and pleadings deprive you of your everlasting crown!’ The boys’ bravery had already begun to wane.

  1. They will not be separated from you, but will instead travel to Heaven to create permanent residences for you there!
  2. And it provides such a low level of security that it is possible to declare that one has been utterly fooled by it.
  3. This life incites immorality, encourages wickedness, and advises harm to other people.
  4. However, everlasting agony is continually recreated in order to make it more terrifying, it is multiplied in order to make it burn more intensely, and it is fanned in order for the punishment to be carried out.

What ever the Devil’s plans are for us here, when he tries to catch us, he himself is caught; when he snatches at us, he is bound; when he would conquer, he is vanquished; when he tortures, he suffers; when he ridicules, he himself is the object of ridicule; when he grasps our throats, he himself is killed.

Because she had lost her ability to speak, Zoe, the wife of Nicostratus, in whose house the youngsters were under surveillance, arrived and hurled herself at Sebastian’s feet, imploring him to help her with gestures.

Also in his turn, the woman’s husband approached the saint and asked for forgiveness, at which point the saint released the martyrs from their shackles and told them to go and live their lives in freedom as they had done.

So powerful and grace-filled were Sebastian’s words that not only did they strengthen Marcellinus and Mark in their unwavering desire to die for their faith, but in the process they also converted their father Tranquillinus as well as their mother and other individuals, all of whom were baptized by the priest Polycarp.

As soon as he heard this, Tranquillinus was dispatched to bring the man who had treated him to the prefect of the city of Rome, who was himself suffering from a serious illness.

Sebastian, on the other hand, advised him that unless he permitted them to demolish the gods’ idols in his presence, he would become enraged and lash out at them.

When they saw that all they had done had failed to restore Chromatius’ health, they said, “It must be that thou retainest still another idol, or else thou hast not completely forsworn thine disbelief!” When pressed further, he confessed to having a secret chamber in his home where the entire universe was displayed, allowing him to predict events in his own future.

‘As long as this room is not demolished, thou wilt not restore thy health!’ Saint Sebastian said.

“I will not allow the pulling down of such a magnificent accomplishment to go unpunished!” said his son Tiburtius, who was a proud young man.

To remedy this situation, I suggest heating up two furnaces and burning alive these two Christians if my father is not healed after the chamber has been dismantled!’ As a response, Sebastian exclaimed, “Let it be done as thou hast said!” A messenger angel appeared to the prefect during the destruction of the enchanted chamber, informing him that the Lord Jesus had restored his health.

The angel, on the other hand, would not allow him to do so since he had not yet been baptized.

And Zoe, who had been the first to be converted, was captured by the infidels and died as a result of the torturous treatment she had received.

‘What are we waiting for?’ In addition, he got stoned himself a few days later.

Afterwards, after making the sign of the cross, he proceeded to walk over the hot coals, exclaiming, ‘I believe I am walking on a bed of flowers, in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ!’ In response, the prefect Fabian remarked to him, ‘I am aware that your Christ has instructed you in the arts of magic!’ ‘Silence, you filthy wretch!’ said Tiburtius in response.

The fate of Marcellinus and Mark was unknown; nevertheless, they were chained to a gibbet, where they sung with delight: ‘Behold, how good and how delightful it is for brethren to dwell together in oneness!

As a result, we implore thee to leave us in this state until our spirits are released from the prison of our bodies!

Afterwards, this prefect condemned Sebastian to the Emperor Diocletian, who called him and told him: ‘Ingrate, I have bestowed upon thee the first position in my palace, and yet thou hast waged war against me and my gods!’ Sebastian said, ‘For thee and for the State of Rome, I have always prayed to God Who Is in Heaven!’ Sebastian continued.

In fact, the soldiers shot him so many times that he became covered in barbs, making him look like a hedgehog.

However, only a few days later, Saint Sebastian stepped on the steps of the palace and confronted the two emperors, berating them harshly for their treatment of Christians.

Then Sebastian said, ‘The Lord has brought me back to life so that I may once more come to you and reproach you for the wrongs that you do to the servants of Christ!’ The emperors then beat him with iron rods until he succumbed to his injuries and died.

But the next night Saint Sebastian appeared to Saint Lucina, disclosed to her where his body was, and bade her bury it at the feet of the Apostles: and this was done.

Saint Gregory tells the following story in the first book of his Dialogues, which is available online.

However, the night before the wedding, she was so enthralled by desire that she was unable to keep herself away from her husband’s hugs for long.

But she had hardly gotten into the chapel, where the relics of Saint Sebastian were kept, when a demon snatched her and began torturing her in full front of everyone.

The lady was taken to the home of magicians, but during the course of their incantations, a full legion of demons, that is, a troop of six thousand, six hundred and sixty-six demons, invaded the woman’s body and tormented her much more severely than she had already been suffering.

A plague raged across Italy during the reign of King Humbert, according to theAnnals of the Longobards, and it was particularly severe in Pavia.

Many people claimed to have witnessed an angel in the sky, followed by a demon wielding a rod in their direction.

And every time he touched a house, the dead were dragged out of it by his companions.

The attar was immediately resurrected in the church of Saint Peter in Chains, and the plague was fully eradicated as a result.

In his Preface, Saint Ambrose writes about Saint Sebastian: ‘The blood of the holy martyr Sebastian, which was shed in Thy name, makes manifest Thy greatness, 0 Lord, Who through his intercession works Thy might in the weak, crowns our efforts, and restores health to the sick.’ One example comes from the novel Jacobus de Voragine, which has been translated and adapted by Ryan, Granger, and Helmut Ripperger.

41 pages, published by Arno Press in association with Longmans GreenCo in 1941.

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