- 1 St Matthew Apostle, Feast Day – September 21
- 2 Saint Matthew FAQ
- 3 St Matthew Life History
- 4 Passages in the Bible Where St Matthew is Mentioned
- 5 Major Works
- 6 Matthew the Apostle Major shrines, Churches or Sanctuaries
- 7 St Matthew Quotes
- 8 When and where was Saint Matthew born? – idswater.com
- 9 How did disciple Matthew die?
- 10 Where was Matthew the Apostle born?
- 11 Where was Matthew when Jesus called?
- 12 Why is St Matthew’s symbol An angel?
- 13 Is Matthew a Catholic name?
- 14 What did the disciples do after Jesus died?
- 15 Who were the closest disciples to Jesus?
- 16 Who wrote Matthew Mark Luke and John?
- 17 Is Peter older than John?
- 18 What does Jesus say about Matthew?
- 19 What do the symbols of Matthew Mark Luke and John mean?
- 20 When was St.Matthew born according to the Bible?
- 21 Is it true that the Apostle Matthew died?
- 22 When is the feast day of St Matthew?
- 23 Is there any historical consensus on the person of Matthew?
- 24 What does the birth narrative of Matthew show?
- 25 St. Matthew Biography, Life, Interesting Facts
- 26 Career
- 27 Call to Ministry
- 28 Sainthood
- 29 St. Matthew – Saints & Angels
- 30 St. Matthew
- 31 Further Reading on St. Matthew
- 32 When was Matthew the Apostle canonized? – HolidayMountainMusic
- 33 What century was the Gospel of Matthew written?
- 34 When were the Gospels written CE?
- 35 Who was the book of Matthew written for?
- 36 When was Matthew born in the Bible?
- 37 When was Saint Matthew the Apostle canonized?
- 38 Who was Matthew the Apostle in the New Testament?
- 39 When was the canonization of the New Testament completed?
- 40 Is it true that Matthew the Apostle died a martyr?
- 41 St. Matthew the Apostle
- 42 St. Matthew
- 43 Who Was Matthew the Apostle? The Beginner’s Guide
- 44 Who was Matthew in the Bible?
- 45 When and where did Matthew live?
- 46 How did Matthew die?
- 47 Who wrote the Book of Matthew?
- 48 Acts and Martyrdom of St. Matthew
- 49 The sinner turned saint
- 50 Saint Matthew the Apostle – Newman Connection
St Matthew Apostle, Feast Day – September 21
St Matthew the Apostle is also referred to as Levi in some circles. He was a member of Jesus’ inner circle of twelve apostles. His previous occupation was that of a tax collector prior to being summoned by Jesus. He is the author of The Gospel of St Matthew, which is a work of literature. He began by preaching the Gospel to the Jewish population in Judea, and he then traveled to other places to do the same. Every year, on September 21, the Catholic Church commemorates his death and resurrection.
|Matthew the Apostle Biography|
|St. Matthew, Apostle|
|Date of Birth||1st-century|
|Country of Birth||Judea, Palestine in the Roman Empire|
|Place of Work||Israel, Palestine, other Countries|
|Date of Death||1st Century AD|
|Place of Death||Near Hierapolis or Ethiopia|
|Feast Day||September 21|
|Patron Saint of||1. Accountants 2. Salerno 3. Italy 4. Bankers 5. Tax collectors 6. Perfumers 7. Civil servants|
Saint Matthew FAQ
What city did St Matthew grow up in? Judea and Palestine were part of the Roman Empire. When was St Matthew’s birth commemorated? A.D. 1st Century When did St. Matthew pass away? The first century of the Christian era What was the location of St Matthew’s death? In the vicinity of Hierapolis or Ethiopia What caused St Matthew’s death? He acted in the role of a martyr. What were the names of Matthew the Apostle’s parents? Alphaeus What were the names of Saint Matthew’s family members? It is just the Father, who is called Alphaeus, who is listed as a member of the family.
- Pre-Congregation When was Saint Matthew canonized, and how did he do it?
- What is the patron saint of on September 21st, Matthew?
- Is Saint Matthew revered in any particular churches?
- The Roman Catholic Church 2.
- Oriental Orthodoxy is a branch of Christianity that originated in China.
- The Church of the Eastern Star 6.
- What happened to the St Matthew’s Relics?
St Matthew Life History
In the course of one day’s stroll along the shores of the Sea of Galilee, Jesus came upon Matthew, a tax collector for the Roman authorities who happened to be seated at the customs counter. When Jesus replied to him, “Follow Me,” Matthew sprang to his feet and followed Him, leaving everything behind. Tax collectors were seen as sinners and the number one adversary of the Jewish people by the majority of them. This is due to the fact that they were well-known for enriching themselves through extortion and fraud.
Matthew the Apostle hosted a lavish banquet for Jesus, His followers, and a number of Scribes and Pharisees one day, and everyone who came was invited.
The Scribes and Pharisees started to complain, inquiring as to why Jesus chose to lunch with tax collectors and sinners on their behalf.
Learn the significance of the words, ‘I seek mercy, not sacrifice,’ by visiting this site.
He stayed in Judea for a number of years after his ascension, during which he authored the gospel of Matthew. Following that, he is said to have preached the Faith across the world, and it is thought that he completed his course in Parthia.
Passages in the Bible Where St Matthew is Mentioned
9 As Jesus continued his journey, he came upon a guy called Matthew who was working at the customs station. “Follow me,” he urged to the young man. He rose to his feet and followed him. 9:91 (Matthew 9:91 (Matthew 9:91 (Matthew 9:91 (Matthew 9:91 (Matthew 9:91 (Matthew 9:91 (Matthew 9:91 (Matthew 9:91 (Matthew 9:91 (Matthew 9:91 (Matthew 9:91 (Matthew 9:91 (Matthew 9:91 (Matthew 9 Then Jesus called his twelve disciples together and granted them authority over evil spirits, commanding them to expel them and to cure any ailment and illness that they encountered.
Matthew 10:1-413 is a Bible verse that describes the life of Jesus Christ.
Also in the upper room were Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew, James son of Alphaeus, Simon the Zealot, and Judas son of James who had come to stay with them.
The Gospel of Matthew is attributed to Matthew the Apostle, who is thought to have written it.
Matthew the Apostle Major shrines, Churches or Sanctuaries
- Among the cathedrals are the Cathedral of St Matthew in Salerno (Italy), the St Matthew Catholic Cathedral in South Bend (Indiana), and the Cathedral of St Matthew the Apostle in Washington, DC (United States of America).
St Matthew Quotes
Matthew the Apostle’s full name is Matthew the Apostle. It is because the mouth speaks from the fullness of the heart that we may understand. Good comes forth from a store of goodness, whereas evil comes forth from a store of evil. A good person brings forth good from a store of goodness. It is my firm belief that on the day of judgment, individuals will be held accountable for every thoughtless word they utter. “It will be your words that will determine whether you are acquitted or convicted,” says the judge.
Daily Catholic Readings App Download
- Every day will be brightened by this wonderful Android Catholic Daily Readings App, which is brought to you by Catholicreadings.org with great excitement. You will find the following features in this app: Catholic Daily Readings and Homily
When and where was Saint Matthew born? – idswater.com
Matthew of Galilee (Matthew the Galilean) Matthew the Apostle’s full name is Matthew the Apostle.
How did disciple Matthew die?
Matthew (number 8) (the tax collector) According to one Christian website, Matthew “become a missionary and was jailed in Ethiopia.” It was at this location that he was staked or impaled to the ground with spears before being beheaded.
Where was Matthew the Apostle born?
Nazareth is a city in Israel. Matthew the Apostle’s birthplace and date of birth
Where was Matthew when Jesus called?
Capernaum The Bible records that Matthew was sitting outside the customs house at Capernaum (near modern Almagor, Israel, on the Sea of Galilee) when Jesus summoned him to join him in his company.
Why is St Matthew’s symbol An angel?
The winged figure, or angel, who represents Matthew the Evangelist, the author of the first gospel report, is represented as a cherub.
Matthew’s gospel begins with Joseph’s lineage back to Abraham; this depicts Jesus’ Incarnation and, as a result, Christ’s human essence in the flesh. This implies that Christians should rely on their own personal reasons for salvation.
Is Matthew a Catholic name?
Veneration. According to the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Lutheran, and Anglican churches (see St. Matthew’s Church), Matthew is revered as a saint.
What did the disciples do after Jesus died?
The Apostles helped to spread Christianity. Following the death of Jesus, the Apostles introduced Christianity from Jerusalem to Damascus, then to Antioch, then to Asia Minor, then to Greece, and eventually to the Roman Empire. Andrew is claimed to have been crucified on an X-shaped cross at Patras, Greece, for his missionary work in the Aegean Sea (the location of St. Andrew’s Basilica).
Who were the closest disciples to Jesus?
- John the Apostle
- Mary Magdalene
- An unidentified priest or disciple
- James, Jesus’ brother
- And many more.
Who wrote Matthew Mark Luke and John?
There are four gospels in the New Testament that are named after disciples: Matthew, who was a tax collector; John, who is referenced as the “Beloved Disciple” in the Fourth Gospel; Mark, who was Peter’s secretary; and Luke, who was Paul’s traveling companion.
Is Peter older than John?
Peter is sometimes represented as being older than he actually was, but the only thing we know about him from the Bible is that he was married at the time (he had a mother-in-law, after all.) John, on the other hand, almost definitely lived the longest, with estimates putting his death sometime in the AD 90s.
What does Jesus say about Matthew?
As recorded in the Gospel of Matthew: “As Jesus continued on his way, he came across a man called Matthew who was sitting in the tax collector’s booth.” “Follow me,” he said, and Matthew rose to his feet and followed him.”
What do the symbols of Matthew Mark Luke and John mean?
Matthew was the man who represented the human Christ, who was God manifested in the flesh. Mark was the lion, a symbol of the victorious Christ of the Resurrection, the God of Eternal Life, who had triumphed. Luke represented the calf, the victim of the Crucifixion who was sacrificed. The eagle represented John, who went directly to the throne of God in search of inspiration.
When was St.Matthew born according to the Bible?
As one of Jesus’ twelve apostles and one of his four evangelists, Saint Matthew was born in Palestine somewhere in the first century and died in Rome in the second century, according to the Bible.
Is it true that the Apostle Matthew died?
We just do not have enough information to know for certain. His death has not been established historically beyond a reasonable doubt, and the circumstances surrounding it remain a mystery.
When is the feast day of St Matthew?
The feast of St. Matthew is observed on the 21st of September in the Latin Church and on the 16th of November in the Greek Church. The patron saint of mathematics is symbolized by the figure of a winged man, who holds a lance in his hand as a distinguishing mark. – The Gospel of St. Matthew (Catholic Encyclopaedia) In terms of Matthew’s historical persona, there is no historical consensus.
Is there any historical consensus on the person of Matthew?
In terms of Matthew’s historical persona, there is no historical consensus. There are a number of competing tales, and the Greek text makes no mention of his being an eyewitness in any capacity (and therefore a disciple). It will not be found that this speech has been proclaimed generally, for all the saved have confessed with the confession made by the voice and have fled.
As one of Jesus’ twelve apostles and one of his four evangelists, Saint Matthew was born in Palestine somewhere in the first century and died in Rome in the second century, according to the Bible.
What does the birth narrative of Matthew show?
- Matthew makes an attempt to demonstrate, even through the genealogy, that Christ is concerned about the lost and sinners, and that he want to offer them redemption as well. The birth tale outside of the genealogy is also highly unique to Matthew in that it draws heavily on prior Jewish scriptures, which makes it a fascinating read. We just do not have enough information to know for certain. His death has not been established historically beyond a reasonable doubt, and the circumstances surrounding it remain a mystery. The feast of St. Matthew is observed on the 21st of September in the Latin Church and on the 16th of November in the Greek Church. The patron saint of mathematics is symbolized by the figure of a winged man, who holds a lance in his hand as a distinguishing mark. – The Gospel of St. Matthew (Catholic Encyclopaedia) There is no historical consensus on the identity of Matthew
St. Matthew Biography, Life, Interesting Facts
Levi, the son of Alphaeus, was born in the first century AD. Levi was the son of Alphaeus. He was born in Capernaum, a tiny fishing hamlet in the region of Galilee. Located on the northern side of the Sea of Galilee, the town had a population of 20,000 people.
Levi began his professional life as a tax collector. As a consequence of his efforts, Levi would have been fluent in the Aramaic and Greek languages, among other things. In his position, he collaborated with the Romans, and as a result, he was despised by the other Jews to a great extent.
Call to Ministry
Levi obeyed when Jesus called him to the ministry, and he followed him. Matthew was the name he was given. Matthew was one of Jesus’ four followers, and he accompanied him wherever he went. He witnessed both the resurrection and the ascension of Jesus, and he went to Jerusalem to proclaim the gospel. Scholars think that after preaching in Judea, Jesus moved to other nations in order to continue his preaching mission. Matthew is credited as the author of the Gospel of Matthew, however there is no evidence that he did so.
The Gospel of the Nazarenes, the Gospel of the Ebionites, and the Gospel of the Hebrews are the three gospels mentioned above.
Matthew the Apostle, Saint Matthew, and his given name of Levi are all titles he has earned over the years.
Matthew is revered as a saint by a number of denominations. Among these are the Roman Catholic Church, the Lutheran Church, the Anglican Church, and the Eastern Orthodox Church, to name a few.
St. Matthew – Saints & Angels
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- Help Now Except for the fact that he was the son of Alpheus and that he was most likely born in Galilee, nothing is known about St.
- Tax collectors were despised in Jesus’ day, and he worked in one of the most despised jobs in the world.
- Matthew became a follower of Christ as a result of this simple invitation.
- According to experts, the Gospel of Matthew presents the same tale as the other three Gospels, indicating that it is historically accurate.
- Matthew’s gospel was written several years after Christ’s death, between 41 and 50 AD, and it contains many details about his life and teachings.
It was an essential message at a time when practically everyone was awaiting the return of a violent messiah with a sword to deliver the message.
To all our readers,
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Help Now It is believed that he fled to other regions in order to avoid persecution some time after the year 42 AD.
The cause of Matthew’s death has not been determined.
Saint Matthew is frequently depicted with one of the four living creatures described in Revelation 4:7, which reads, “The first living creature was like a lion, the second like a bull, the third living creature had a human face, and the fourth living creature was like a flying eagle.” Saint Matthew is also depicted with one of the four living creatures described in Revelation 4:8.
- The feast day of St.
- Prayer As you represent Jesus in your Gospel as the long-awaited Messiah who came to fulfill the Prophets of the Old Covenant and as the new Lawgiver who established a Church of the New Covenant, we are grateful to you for your service.
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As the author of the First Gospel, many scholars believe that St. Matthew (active in the first century), one of Jesus’ Apostles, was the inspiration for the book. The first known information about Matthew is that he and Jesus had a meeting in the wilderness. At the time, Matthew’s given name was Levi, and he was the son of Alphaeus, the father of Matthew. He was seated at his tax collector’s desk near the Sea of Galilee when Jesus approached him and informed him that he needed to come with him (Matthew 9:9; Mark 2:14).
- It is speculated that Jesus, like he had done in other instances, gave Levi a new name, Matthew, which means “gift of Yahweh” in Hebrew.
- With the exception of a few more incidental mentions of him, there are no additional specific facts of Matthew’s life, except that he appears to have been closely affiliated with the Apostle Thomas in the ministry of proclaiming the Gospel (Matthew 9:3; Mark 3:13-19; Luke 6:13-16).
- It is yet unknown how or where Matthew took his own life.
- With the exception of the New Testament, the earliest and most authoritative reference to Matthew may be found in parts of a book by Papias (born about the time of the Apostles’ Council in A.D.
- As Papias explains, Matthew “wrote the sayings in the Hebrew tongue” and “copied them into a book.” The “sayings” allude to the oral traditions about Jesus that were passed down from generation to generation after his death.
- With the help of Papias’ testimony, as well as comprehensive research of the Gospel text, contemporary scholars have concluded that the First Gospel is a Greek translation of an Aramaic original that has been lost.
- The structure of the contemporary Greek Gospel of Matthew appears to have been derived from the Gospel of Mark, but the author of the First Gospel filled in the spaces between units of the Marcan text with material derived from another source, according to what we know now.
- Matthew also brought collections of proverbs, which Mark did not appear to be in possession of.
- Matthew’s Gospel is also the one that makes extensive use of Old Testament materials as well as a rabbinic approach of interpretation in order to show the genuineness of Jesus as the Messiah of Israel, as was predicted by the prophets.
Finally, Matthew emphasizes the ecclesiastical nature of Jesus’ discourse as well as the nature of his new movement. Most scholars agree that the writing of the First Gospel in its current Greek form took place between the years 75 and 80.
Further Reading on St. Matthew
Consult George D. Kilpatrick’s The Origins of the Gospel according to St. Matthew (1946) and Krister Stendahl’s The School of St. Matthew and Its Use of the Old Testament (1995) for further information on Matthew (1954).
When was Matthew the Apostle canonized? – HolidayMountainMusic
The Feast of the Annunciation and the Canonization Saint Matthew was canonized as a Saint in the thirteenth century, making him one of the first people to be canonized after the procedure was established by Pope Gregory IX. He was one of the first people to be canonized after the process was established by Pope Gregory IX. His feast day is observed on the 21st of September in the Western Hemisphere and on the 16th of November in the Eastern Hemisphere.
What century was the Gospel of Matthew written?
The majority of historians believe the gospel was written between AD 80 and 90, with a range of possibilities ranging from AD 70 to 110; a dating prior to AD 70 remains a minority opinion.
When were the Gospels written CE?
The four canonical gospels—Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John—were all written during the Roman Empire between 70 and 110 C.E. (about five to ten years) as biographies of Jesus of Nazareth, and they were all composed within the Roman Empire between 70 and 110 C.E. None of the four gospel authors were eyewitnesses to Jesus’ ministry because they were writing a generation after his death (about 30 C.E.).
Who was the book of Matthew written for?
Who was Matthew composing his work for? Matthew’s gospel is unmistakably designed for a Jewish Christian readership who lives in close proximity to the Jewish homeland itself. Among all the gospels, Matthew’s is the one that is the most Jewish.
When was Matthew born in the Bible?
the first millennium As one of Jesus’ twelve apostles and one of his four evangelists, Saint Matthew was born in Palestine somewhere in the first century and died in Rome in the second century, according to the Bible. Known now as the Gospel of Matthew, Matthew wrote the first Gospel in the Bible’s New Testament, which is the first Gospel in the Bible’s New Testament.
When was Saint Matthew the Apostle canonized?
The canonization of Saint Matthew the Apostle preceded the congregation’s feast day on September 21. (Western Christianity) The following 22 OAttributes: AngelPatronageAccountants from Salerno, Italy; bankers; ta
Who was Matthew the Apostle in the New Testament?
Matthew the Apostle, also known as Saint Matthew and Levi, was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ, according to the New Testament. He was also known as Saint Matthew and Levi. According to Christian tradition, he was also one of the four Evangelists, and as a result, he is also referred to as Matthew the Evangelist or just Matthew.
When was the canonization of the New Testament completed?
The Generally Accepted Theory of the Canonization of the New Testament When we talk about the New Testament canon, we’re talking about the collection of works that have been regarded as the actual writings of the apostles and as such as authoritative for teaching in the Church of God. The canon was finished in the late fourth century, according to a widely recognized account of the period.
Is it true that Matthew the Apostle died a martyr?
Ancient writers are divided on which of these other countries they believe to be the case.
It is believed that Matthew was killed as a martyr by both the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church, despite the fact that Heracleon, a Gnostic Christian and heretic, repudiated this narrative as early as the second century.
St. Matthew the Apostle
Matthew was the son of Alphaeus and was born around a year after the birth of Jesus in Capernaum, a fishing village on the shores of the Sea of Galilee. Matthew was the son of Alphaeus. One day, while traveling, Jesus came across a tax collector called Matthew, who was sitting at a tax collecting station. He approached him and told him, “Follow me.” After that, Matthew rose to his feet and accompanied Him, eventually becoming one of His twelve apostles. (See M 9:9-13 = P 2:13-17 = L 5:27-32 for further information.) Tax collectors were considered social outcasts during ancient times.
- They were not paid for their work, and it was believed that they would gain their money by defrauding the individuals from whom they were collecting taxes.
- In this way, tax collectors (publicans) are described throughout the Gospels as a regular sort of wicked and hated pariah who must be avoided.
- When Saint Matthew hosted a feast in Christ’s honor after receiving his calling, the guests were recruited from among his companions, who included fellow tax collectors and sinners, among others (Matthew 9:10-13).
- The name “Matthew” is derived from the Hebrew word meaning “gift of the LORD.” In the account of his calling, Mark and Luke give him the name “Levi.” Perhaps this was his given name before he became a follower of Jesus, and Jesus gave him a new name after he became a disciple.
- Is it possible to define and explain the significance of Patron Saints, as well as why these individuals were chosen to serve as the patron saints of various causes, professions, and countries?
- There is a patron for practically any cause, nation, profession, or area of special interest you can think of.
- Matthew: accountants; bankers; bookkeepers; customs officials; money managers; stockbrokers; and tax collectors St.
- During that period, he is claimed to have written the Gospel in Aramaic, before moving east to continue his evangelizing work.
Every source points to the East, however, as the Catholic Encyclopedia points him, “it is not known whether he was burnt, stoned, or decapitated.” In light of the mystery surrounding Saint Matthew’s martyrdom, the feast day of the saint is not celebrated on the same day in both the Western and Eastern Churches.
- When did feast days begin?
- The feast days evolved from a very early Christian tradition of annually commemorating martyrs on the anniversaries of their deaths while also celebrating their ascension into heaven, which dates back to the time of the apostles.
- As the connecting link between the Old and New Testaments, it emphasizes the fulfillment of prophecy as its central theme.
- Matthew was not intended to record the events of Jesus’ life.
- The miracles described in Matthew demonstrate Jesus’ authority and show his genuine nature.
- To be able to discern Saint Matthew in paintings, stained glass windows, illuminated manuscripts, architecture, and other forms of Christian art is extremely beneficial to one’s spiritual development.
- Saint Matthew is frequently shown with a purse or money-bag in Christian art.
- As the Evangelist, he appears with a book, a pen, and an inkhorn, and he is usually accompanied by an angel who is dictating the Gospel to him from on high.
Dear heavenly Father, we are grateful for Matthew’s testimony to the Gospel of your Son our Savior, and we pray that, following in his footsteps, our wills and hearts will be ready to obey the calling of our Lord to follow him; through Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reign with you and the Holy Spirit, one God now, and forever.
|St. MatthewBorn:fl. 1st c. ADBirthplace:PalestineDied:fl. 1st. c. ADCause of death:unspecifiedGender:MaleReligion:ChristianRace or Ethnicity:Middle EasternOccupation:ReligionNationality:PalestineExecutive summary:Author of the first GospelSt. Matthew, his name probably a shortened form of the Hebrew equivalent to Theodorus, one of the twelve apostles, and the traditional author of the First Gospel, where he is described as having been a tax-gatherer or customs-officer, in the service of the tetrarch Herod. The circumstances of his call to become a follower ofJesus Christ, received as he sat in the customs house in one of the towns by the Sea of Galilee – apparently Capernaum, are briefly related in Matthew 9:9. We should gather from the parallel narrative in Mark and Luke that he was at the time known as “Levi the son of Alphaeus” (compare Simon Cephas, Joseph Barnabas); if so, “James the son of Alphaeus” may have been his brother. Possibly “Matthew” (Yahweh’s gift) was his Christian surname, since two native names, neither being a patronymic, is contrary to Jewish usage. It must be noted, however, that Matthew and Levi were sometimes distinguished in early times, as by Heracleon (c. 170 AD), and more dubiously byOrigen, also apparently in the SyriacDidascalia. It has generally been supposed, on the strength of Luke’s account, that Matthew gave a feast in Jesus’ honor. But Mark 2:15, followed by Matthew 9:10, may mean that the meal in question was one in Jesus’ own home at Capernaum. In the lists of the Apostles given in the Synoptic Gospels and in Acts, Matthew ranks third or fourth in the second group of four – a fair index of his relative importance in the apostolic age. The only other facts related of Matthew on good authority concern him as Evangelist. Eusebius says that he, like John, wrote only at the spur of necessity. “For Matthew, after preaching to Hebrews, when about to go also to others, committed to writing in his native tongue the Gospel that bears his name; and so by his writing supplied, for those whom he was leaving, the loss of his presence.” The value of this tradition, which may be based onPapias, who certainly reported that “Matthew compiled the Oracles (of the Lord) in Hebrew”, can be estimated only in connection with the study of the Gospel itself. No historical use can be made of the artificial story, inSanhedrin43a, that Matthew was condemned to death by a Jewish court. According to the Gnostic Heracleon, quoted by Clement of Alexandria, Matthew died a natural death. The tradition as to his ascetic diet may be due to confusion with Matthias. The earliest legend as to his later labors, one of Syrian origin, places them in the Parthian kingdom, where it represents him as dying a natural death at Hierapolis, equivalent to Mabog on the Euphrates. This agrees with his legend as known toAmbroseand Paulinus of Nola, and is the most probable in itself. The legends which make him work with Andrew among the Anthropophagi near the Black Sea, or again in Ethiopia, are due to confusion with Matthias, who from the first was associated in his Acts with Andrew. Another legend, hisMartyrium, makes him labor and suffer in Mysore. He is commemorated as a martyr by the Greek Church on the 16th of November, and by the Roman on the 21st of September, the scene of his martyrdom being placed in Ethiopia. The Latin Breviary also affirms that his body was afterwards translated to Salerno, where it is said to lie in the church built by Robert Guiscard. In Christian art (followingJerome) the Evangelist Matthew is generally symbolized by the “man” in the imagery of Ezekiel 1:10 andRevelations 4:7. Biblical FiguresCanonizationDo you know something we don’t? Submit a correction or make a comment about this profile Copyright ©2019 Soylent Communications|
Who Was Matthew the Apostle? The Beginner’s Guide
The Apostle Matthew, also known as Saint Matthew and Levi, was one of Jesus Christ’s twelve disciples and was born in the city of Nazareth. As the author of the Gospel of Matthew, he has historically been recognized as such. When Jesus summoned Matthew to follow him, he was working as a tax collector (also known as a “publican”), which was considered one of the most despised occupations in ancient Judaism. There is very little information available about this apostle. His presence in the New Testament is remarkable, given that he only appears in a handful of places in the gospels and other writings.
- Despite the fact that Matthew is revered as a martyr, no one knows for certain where or how he perished.
- He is mentioned in traditions regarding his preaching, but there are no reliable records of his contributions to the early church.
- In the end, how much do we actually know about him?
- First and foremost, here are some short facts.
Who was Matthew in the Bible?
Almost all we know about Matthew comes straight from the gospels, which is a good thing. All three Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) make mention of him, as does the book of Acts, which lists him among the disciples. But that’s all there is to it. There are just seven mentions to him in the entire Bible, if you count parallel verses and quotations. Only one (and its analogues) provides us with any significant information about him.
Also known as Levi
The gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke all include comparable narratives of Jesus inviting a tax collector to become a disciple. It’s interesting that Matthew refers to this individual as Matthew, whereas Mark and Luke refer to him as Levi: ” As Jesus continued his journey, he came across a man called Matthew who was seated in the tax collector’s booth. ‘Follow me,’ he said, and Matthew rose to his feet and followed him.” —Matthew 9:9 (New International Version) ” As he traveled along, he noticed Levi son of Alphaeus, who was seated in the tax collector’s office.
- —Matthew 2:14 When Jesus came out, he spotted a tax collector by the name of Levi seated at his tax booth, so he went to speak with him.
- —Luke 5:27–28 (KJV) Both of these tales are so nearly analogous to one another that it is difficult to believe they are not speaking of the same individual.
- Many people believe that Levi was this person’s tribal name, which would indicate that he belonged to the tribe of Levi, and that Matthew was a more personal name.
- Another possibility is that he is recognized by both his Greek and Hebrew names (Matthew and Levi), similar to how the Apostle Paul was known by both his Greek and Hebrew names (Paul and Saul).
As a Jew who worked for the Romans, it shouldn’t come as a surprise to hear that this individual was recognized by both of his first and last names.
A tax collector (or publican)
In the texts above (Matthew 9:9, Mark 2:14, Luke 5:27–28), we discovered that Matt was a tax collector, also known as a publican—someone who was employed by the Roman government to collect taxes on their behalf. As a Jew, entering this profession amounted to a betrayal of his people, which was difficult to swallow. Tax collectors were held to a low standard of responsibility. They would be instructed to collect a specific amount of money, but they would be able to convince individuals that they owed a different amount, and they would have no ability to contest the amount they said they owed.
Tax collectors were considered to be the epitome of sin by the Jews.
Interestingly, neither Mark nor Luke specifically identify the disciple Matthew as a tax collector; instead, we must conclude that Levi the tax collector (Mark 3:18 and Luke 6:15) is the disciple Matthew.
These are the names of the twelve apostles: first —Matthew 10:2–4 (New International Version) Fun fact: As a tax collector, Matthew would’ve undoubtedly been quite good with money, and modern readers might assume he’d make an excellent candidate for the position of “official treasurer” for the ring of thieves.
Consider this: they were concerned about placing a tax collector in charge of their money, but Judas not only stole from the money bag (John 12:6), but he also betrayed Jesus at the end of the story.
Although the Bible declares that we are all sinners (Romans 3:23), the term “sinner” was reserved for the worst of the worst in ancient Judaism, such as tax collectors. Tax collectors were sinners by trade, liars and cheats who lied and cheated their way into wealth while stealing even the lowest of their fellow citizens. They were considered religious outcasts since the manner in which they carried out their profession publicly flouted the Law of Moses. The wealthier they were, the worse it was considered that they were.
Then Jesus puts Matthew in with the rest of “the sinners,” as follows: On hearing this, Jesus responded, ‘It is the ill who require medical attention, not the healthy.'” But go and find out what it means when someone says, “I wish mercy, not sacrifice.” I have not come to summon the righteous, but sinners,'” says the Lord.
Matt. 9:12 (KJV) By addressing Matthew specifically, Jesus was announcing that no one would be barred from his movement—not even those who were deemed unredeemable by society.
An eyewitness to Jesus’ ministry
Matthew, one of Jesus’ twelve apostles, was present for virtually the whole duration of Jesus’ public ministry. Peter, James, and John were the only ones who had a clearer understanding of who Jesus was and what he was capable of. Some believe that Matthew’s involvement as an eyewitness to the events of the Gospel of Matthew is evidence that he did not write the Gospel of Matthew. Matthew’s gospel appears to be greatly influenced by Mark’s gospel (which explains why there are so many comparable passages), yet the Gospel of Mark is thought to have been written by a man named John Mark, who was not an eyewitness to the events in the Gospel of Mark.
However, there are a few counter-arguments, with the most important being that the early church claimed John as its own.
*shrug* Aside from that, Matthew devotes a significant amount of favorable attention to Peter in his gospel.
Matthew is regarded as one of the “Four Evangelists” of the New Testament. This is a term designated for Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, the four gospel authors who are considered to be the traditional authors of their respective books. It derives from the Greek word evangelion, which literally means “good news.” With their writings, these four authors spread the good news of Jesus Christ across the world.
It was Matthew’s responsibility as a tax collector to painstakingly record and document tax information, which he did with great diligence. Some believe that Jesus was referring to him in Matthew 13:52 because his employment would have officially qualified him as a “scribe,” according to this theory. “There is no doubt that the’scribe’ of Matthew 13:52 is Matthew himself, who in his previous life as a tax collector had worked as a secular scribe.” Jesus compares him to a someone who is ‘bringing out treasures new and old’—the old treasures being those he earned while working as a tax collector (such as gifts for precision and organization), and the new treasures being Jesus’ teachings about the kingdom of heaven.
As a man with two sets of skills, Matthew is now prepared to engage in additional scribal work, specifically the authoring of the book that carries his name.” Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible, edited by Walter A.
Beitzel Nevertheless, some translations translate the word “scribe” in Matthew 13:52 as “teachers of the law,” and in context, Jesus certainly appears to be referring to those with a religious background—he speaks of angels separating the wicked from the righteous (Matthew 13:49)—and it appears more likely that bringing out “new treasures as well as hold” would refer to their knowledge of both the Law and the prophets in light of the gospel.
That being said, sure, Matthew may legally be referred to as a scribe—but not in the sense that the term is commonly used in the Bible.
When and where did Matthew live?
Matthew would have had to have lived at the same time as Jesus Christ in order to be considered a follower of Jesus Christ. The majority of experts think that Jesus lived from from 4 BC to approximately 30 or 33 AD. We can’t be definite that he was born in the first century since we don’t know how old he was when he encountered Jesus, but we can be confident that he lived throughout that time period. The exact date of his passing is unclear. Jesus and Matthew first met at a tax booth at Capernaum, a city on the edge of the Sea of Galilee, where Jesus was preaching.
How did Matthew die?
It’s difficult to pinpoint exactly how Matthew died, as it is with the majority of the apostles. There are a number of contradicting tales of how he passed away. He is said to have carried out his ministry in “Ethiopia” (which is not the same as Ethiopia today, but a territory south of the Caspian Sea), Persia, Macedonia, and/or Syria according to the oldest accounts. In his commentary on the New Testament, Clement of Alexandria quotes Heracleon, one of the earliest commentators, as saying that Matthew died naturally: “But neither will this utterance be found to have been spoken universally; for all the saved have confessed in accordance with the confession made by the voice, and have departed.” “Among them are Matthew, Philip, Thomas, Levi, and a host of other individuals.” Stromata is a slang term for a woman who is pregnant.
This account is no longer accepted by the majority of researchers today.
According to the early church fathers, he was burnt, stoned, stabbed, or beheaded for his religious beliefs.
60, brought him to martyrdom in the latter nation.
Who wrote the Book of Matthew?
The author of the Gospel of Matthew is unknown, however Matthew the Apostle is widely regarded as the book’s primary author. According to the early church, he composed it, and the attribution “according to Matthew” was probably first inserted around the time of the first century AD. Despite the fact that there are compelling reasons against his authorship, no alternate author has been identified. Papias of Hierapolis, who was referenced byEusebius of Caesarea inChurch History, provides the first indication that he may have authored it: “So then Matthew penned the oracles in the Hebrew tongue, and every one interpreted them as he was able.” A similar claim was made by Irenaeus in his work Against Heresies, which was published between 130 and 202 AD.
The term “written” can also refer to “compiled,” “organized,” or “composed,” depending on the context.
Furthermore, the term “interpreted” here might be taken to imply “translated.” Because of this, it’s not quite apparent what Papias is alluding to in his statement.
Even more so given that he is referring to literature that was originally written in Hebrew or Aramaic, and that the Gospel of Matthew appears to have been written in Greek rather than translated into it, as some scholars believe.
However, this does not rule out the possibility that Matthew wrote this gospel as well.
Certain scholars believe that Matthew’s Gospel has internally referenced evidence that ties it to Matthew’s profession, which might suggest that he was the biblical author. When compared to the other gospels, the Gospel of Matthew goes into greater depth and utilizes more frequent references to money. This is analogous to how the Gospel of Luke, written by Luke the physician, goes into greater detail and employs more exact medical language when describing maladies. In Mark, gold and silver are only referenced once, whereas in Luke, they are mentioned four times.
The parable of the talents (Matthew 25:14-20), which is well-known across the world, is found solely in the Gospel of Matthew.
For example, consider this passage from the prayer as reported by Matthew and Luke: “Forgive us our sins, for we also forgive everyone who sins against us.” —Luke 11:4 (New International Version) (emphasis added) ” And forgive us our debts, just as we have forgiven our debtors,” says the Lord.
As recorded in Matthew 17:24, the temple tax was two drachmas, and the collectors of the two-drachma temple tax came to Peter and asked, “Doesn’t your teacher pay the temple tax?” After Jesus and his disciples arrived in Capernaum, the collectors of the two-drachma temple tax came to Peter and asked, “Doesn’t your teacher pay the temple tax?” It appears that the author paid close attention to Jesus’ teachings regarding money, had a more in-depth grasp of financial problems, and regarded finance as a useful lens through which to view the gospel.
Ultimately, we won’t be able to affirm or deny who wrote the Gospel of Matthew until we have a byline.
Acts and Martyrdom of St. Matthew
Throughout the first several decades of the church, a plethora of tales concerning the apostles arose, becoming so numerous that it virtually established its own genre. Pseudepigrapha, or erroneously claimed to be written by a well-known Christian, were common among these mythical narratives, which featured miraculous experiences as well as Gnostic doctrines. Some of these narratives looked to be at least roughly based on truth, with specifics regarding how individuals died and where they journeyed being supported by the available evidence.
In an attempt to murder him, the monarch makes many attempts, finally nailing him to the ground and setting him ablaze with his own blood on the ground.
After seeing this final miracle, the king and his kingdom of man-eaters come to realize the one true God and place their trust in Jesus as their Savior.
In addition to Matthew’s works, there are additional ancient Christian and Gnostic texts concerning him or even claiming to have been written by him, some of which surfaced hundreds of years after his death (such as the so-calledGospel of Pseudo-Matthew.) Do you wish you had a greater understanding of the Bible?
It’s a great introduction to the Bible. Upon completion of this course, you will have sufficient information to engage in a reasonable discussion about the Bible with a pastor, an atheist, or anybody else.
The sinner turned saint
When it comes to the Apostle Matthew, there isn’t a lot of information available. We do have something we don’t have, which is the gospels, which demonstrate that Matthew was one of Jesus’ most compelling instances of the forgiveness God extends to everyone who ask. However, Jesus accepted and loved this tax collector for who he was, regardless of his background. And, despite the fact that he was a religious outsider, Jesus elevated him to a prominent position inside what would later become the world’s greatest religion.
Saint Matthew the Apostle – Newman Connection
- Century: 1st Century
- Patrons: Accountants, Bankers, Tax Collectors, Perfumes
- Feast Day: September 21st
- Patron Saint: Saint Basil the Great
St. Matthew was a Galilean who lived in the first century AD. He was born in Galilee and was the son of Alpheus. During the Roman occupation of Galilee, which started in 63 BC, Matthew was in charge of collecting taxes from the Hebrew people on behalf of Herod, the tetrarch of the region. It was at Capernaum that he had his tax office. Jews who got wealthy in this way were hated, and they were regarded as outsiders in society. Matthew was selected by Jesus to be one of the Twelve Disciples. In response to Jesus’ summons to accompany him, Matthew welcomed Jesus to his home for a meal.
As an answer, Jesus stated, “I have not come to summon the righteous, but sinners.” (Matthew 2:17) When Matthew is referenced in the New Testament, he is frequently found in the company of the apostle Thomas.
Following that, they retired to the “Upper Room.” St.
The Gospel of St.
The language spoken in the market square was Greek, as you might expect.
In the Roman Catholic Church, Matthew is revered as a saint, and he is canonized.
His relics are housed at the Cathedral of Salerno, which is located in Italy.
Usually, he is accompanied by someone who appears in the shape of a winged figure.
That is the image that the Western Catholic Church is most associated with.
Matthew moved from being loathed and detested to being venerated and revered as a Saint.
And he knew that it would bring him a life of reward in the hereafter, since it meant he would get to spend eternity with Jesus in Heaven, even if it meant risking his life here on Earth.
He was finally murdered for his religion, but he was responsible for the conversion of countless numbers of people to Christianity in a relatively short amount of time.
What are we prepared to go to in order to bring Jesus into the lives of individuals in our immediate vicinity?
Are we prepared to lay down our lives in the same way as St. Matthew did? Nearly 2,000 years later, one may visit Rome and pay homage to his relics at the Salerno Cathedral in Italy, which are still on display.