When Was Saint Barbara Born

Saint Barbara

Home PhilosophyReligion Personages associated with religion ScholarsSaintsPopes St. Barbara (died c.200ce; feast day December 4) is a fabled virgin martyr of the early church who is commemorated on December 4. Invoked during thunderstorms and as the patron saint of artillerymen and miners, she is one of the 14 Auxiliary Saints (Holy Helpers) venerated by the Catholic Church. In 1969, Barbara was removed from the General Roman Calendar because to serious doubts about her historical legitimacy and the likelihood that her tale is based on fact.

However, this legend dates only as far back as the 7th century.

After carrying out the execution personally, Dioscorus was hit by lightning and burnt to ashes as he returned home to his family.

The overall length is 127cm.

The Cloisters Collection, The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, was established in 1955.

Although the original Greek tales of her martyrdom have been lost, Syriac, Latin, and other versions of her story have survived.

Melissa Petruzzello was the author of the most recent revision and update to this article.

Who was Saint Barbara? Everything You Need to Know

a few quick facts Born:273 At the age of 35, he passed away. Barbara is also known by the following names: Barbara, Great Martyr Barbara Turkey is where I was born. Nicomedia is where I was born. Saints are well-known as:Saints Turkish Women (Turkish Women) On the date of death:308 Nicomedia is the location of death. Execution was the cause of death. Lists of recommendations: Lists of recommendations: Saint Barbara was a martyr and a saint of the early Christian church. Remembered by the Eastern Orthodox Church as the Great Martyr Barbara, she is most known for being beheaded by her own father, who was a rich pagan.

  • She was imprisoned in a tower by him because he couldn’t accept her belief in Christianity, and then he handed her over to the Roman authorities.
  • Saint Barbara’s adoration has endured for centuries, although her historical validity has lately been called into question by experts, who point out that she is not mentioned or mentioned at all in any early Christian sources.
  • Despite this, she continues to be revered in a number of churches today.
  • Lists of items to consider: Lists of things to do: Life Barbara’s exact birth and death dates and locations are unclear, although she is assumed to have been born somewhere in the mid-3rd century at Heliopolis, Phoenicia, and died there about the same period.
  • Due to the fact that her mother died while she was young, Dioscorus was extremely protective of his daughter.
  • He did this to “protect” her since she was thought to be exceptionally attractive.
  • Due to the fact that she learned about Christianity and Jesus through a private tutor, she secretly converted to Christianity and determined to devote her life to spreading the word and gospel of Christianity.

With time, Dioscorus, who was quite possessive of her, began to offer her with suitors for marriage as she got older.

Barbara’s father commissioned the construction of a magnificent bathhouse for her before she embarked on her voyage.

When her father returned home, she publicly confessed her newfound religion in front of him.

His daughter, on the other hand, was uninterested.

She was subjected to terrible torture before being found guilty and condemned to death.

Several sources claim that her father was the one who put her death in front of him.

According to another version of the story, she was able to make an opening in the wall of the tower where she was being held hostage by utilizing the strength of her prayers.

A shepherd, on the other hand, gave away her whereabouts.

You Might Also LikeHistorical Reliability In light of the fact that there is very little proof of Saint Barbara’s existence, both Catholic and secular historians have questioned the historical accuracy of her account.

Moreover, the term ‘Barbara’ was used to indicate ‘a savage woman’ in those times.

Eventually, due to lack of proof, Barbara’s name was withdrawn from the Roman calendar of saints in 1969.

Legacy In the year 1448, a miracle ascribed to Saint Barbara took place.

However, when he called out to Mary for protection, she not only helped him flee the blazing house, but also kept him alive till he received the final sacraments.

Several military forces in the British Commonwealth began to observe Saint Barbara’s Day on December 4th, and the day has since become widely recognized.

“The Order of Saint Barbara” is a name given to an honorary military society in the United States of America. Saint Barbara is the patron saint of several countries, and many churches have been dedicated to her. Her name is also commemorated by the city of Santa Barbara.

St. Barbara – Saints & Angels

Saint Barbara, often known as the Great Martyr, was a Christian martyr who lived in the fourth century. Barbara was an early Christian Greek martyr who was born in Heliopolis, Phoenicia, in the middle of the third century. Barbara was the daughter of a wealthy pagan called Dioscorus, and she was raised by him. Following the loss of Barbara’s mother, Dioscorus dedicated the rest of his life to his one and only child. Barbara was well-known for being exceptionally attractive. As a means of “protecting” her, Dioscorus locked her away in a tower high above the ground to keep her safe from the outside world.

  • Barbara spent her days staring at the hills and marveling at all of God’s handiwork, which included the stars.
  • The gods her father and professors worshipped were not of God’s creation, and she quickly discovered this.
  • She gave herself totally to the Lord, deciding to live a life of devoted virginity as a result.
  • She turned them all down and cautioned her father that his insistence on continuing may permanently harm their relationship.
  • Barbara took advantage of this opportunity to network with other Christians.
  • Barbara was baptized into Christ and His Church by an Alexandrian priest who pretended to be a trader on the street.
  • The initial architectural plans called for the construction of two windows; but, while her father was gone, Barbara urged the construction crew to add a third window, resulting in a Trinity of natural light.

In fact, St.

Barbara informed Dioscorus that she had converted to Christianity and would no longer be worshipping his gods once he returned.

Barbara bolted from the room before he could finish.

Barbara was hidden beneath a fissure when the slope opened out.

When Dioscorus came across two shepherds, he inquired as to whether or not they had seen her.

Some traditions claim that he was turned to stone and that his flock was transformed into locusts as punishment.

He then gave her over to Martianus, the prefect of the city, who took her into custody.

She prayed to Jesus, and he appeared to her and healed her wounds a short time later.

She refused, and her Lord provided her with the strength to stay fast in her convictions.

After Barbara prayed, an angel appeared and clothed the couple with a robe and torches, which were used to burn incense and incense sticks.

Finally, Barbara was sentenced to death by beheading by her father, and she died as a result.

Dioscorus and Martianus were both slain after being hit by lightning, which was interpreted as a retribution for their actions.

Barbara were transported to Constantinople in the sixth century.

As of today, they may be seen resting at Kiev’s St. Vladimir church. As a result of doubts and uncertainties surrounding the history of St. Barbara, she was removed from the General Roman Calendar, although she was not removed from the Catholic Church’s listing of saints.

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  3. St.
  4. She is the patroness of armourers, artillerymen, architects, mathematicians, miners, and the Italian Navy, among other professions and institutions.
  5. Barbara is honored because it is thought that her intercession is particularly useful in the treatment of ailments.
  6. Her feast day is commemorated on the 4th of December each year.

Saint Barbara – Explosia

Born in the third century in Nicomedia, which is now the Turkish city of Izmir. At the year 306 AD, he died in Nicomedia. Protection against sudden and unexpected death; patroness of miners, stonecutters, artillerymen, firefighters, bell-founders, blacksmiths, and other sectors of human activity; protection from sudden and unexpected death. In the 15th century, she was assigned to a group of Fourteen Holy Helpers, who cared for her. The curriculum at St. Barbara’s, like the curriculum at practically other Holy Helpers, is totally filled in legends.

  1. Barbara’s extraordinary beauty, as well as her knowledge and sharp mind, were recognized by everybody who encountered her.
  2. Barbara was abandoned time and time again in favor of a group of Christians who were hiding in plain sight, perpetually fearful of the Emperor’s persecutors.
  3. Barbara’s Father Dioscuros, a rabid opponent of Christians, became aware of the change in his daughter and made the decision to prohibit her from having any contact with Christians in the future.
  4. Upon returning from his brief excursion, he discovered that Barbara had instructed the bricklayers to brick in three windows into the tower instead of the two windows that he had originally intended to put in.
  5. Barbara said that it was a representation of the Holy Trinity.
  6. He walked up to her, intending to beat her, when a gap in the ground revealed itself, concealing the young lady.
  7. Using clubs and torches, the Prefect beat Barbara and hacked away her breasts.
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The Prefect was furious when he realized that he had accomplished nothing via the torture and ordered Barbara’s execution.

Only a few moments after Dioscuros had set down the killing instrument was he himself hit by lightning and murdered by the lightning.

There is also a song dedicated to Barbara, known as “Song to St.

The “Barbara’s Light” is lit by the miners in order to prevent tragedy and death in the mines.

Otto’s Encyclopaedia (Otto’s Encyclopaedia): Sv.

Barbara is a Saint Virgin and a Martyr for Christ.

Her Father personally handed her over to a pagan court, who subjected her to horrible torture before pinning her to the ground and condemned her to death.

All of this occurred during the persecution of Christians by Emperor Maximinus.

In addition to being the Patron Saint of Dying Persons, she also guards against thunderstorms and fires, and as such, she is one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers.

Who was Saint Barbara? — St. Barbara Orthodox Church

The Martyrdom of the Most Holy Great Martyr Maximian was the emperor throughout Barbara’s lifetime, and she suffered greatly during his reign (305-311). He was a wealthy and well-known businessman in the Syrian city of Heliopolis, and she inherited his wealth and prominence. Following the loss of his wife, he devoted his time and energy to his one and only daughter. When Dioscorus noticed Barbara’s remarkable beauty, he made the decision to keep her hidden from the prying eyes of outsiders. As a result, he constructed a tower for Barbara, from which only her pagan tutors were permitted to view her.

  1. Daytime views included forested hills, rapidly flowing rivers, and meadows carpeted with an array of colorful flowers; at night, the harmonious and magnificent vault of the skies twinkled, illuminating a display of indescribable beauty for her eyes to take in.
  2. She gradually came to the conclusion that the lifeless idols were nothing more than the labor of human hands.
  3. Barbara’s longing to know the true God filled her spirit to such an extent that she made the decision to devote her entire life to this pursuit and to live her remaining years as a virgin.
  4. But, despite her father’s entreaties, she turned down each and every one of them.
  5. Dioscorus came to the conclusion that his daughter’s temperament had been impacted by her life of solitude in the mountains.
  6. In this way, Barbara came into contact with young Christian maidens in the city, who taught her about the Creator of the universe, about the Trinity, and about the Divine Logos, among other things.
  7. He baptized Barbara after teaching her in the secrets of the Christian faith and then went to his home country.

His directions were followed, and the workers began preparing to install two windows on the south side of the building.

One of the walls of the bathhouse was marked with a cross, which Barbara drew with her index finger.

Her footsteps were later found imprinted on the stone stairs of the bathhouse, which was later discovered.

St.

When Dioscorus returned and expressed dissatisfaction with the change in his building plans, his daughter shared with him how she had come to know the Triune God, about the saving power of the Son of God, and about the futility of worshipping idols.

Angry, Dioscorus snatched a sword from her grasp and was on the verge of slashing her with it.

His path was barred by a hill, which opened up and hid the saint in a crack beneath the surface of the earth.

When St Barbara was able to conceal herself in a cave on the opposite side of the hill, she was victorious.

His guide led him to the cave where the saint had holed up for the night.

Eventually, he turned her over to the prefect of the city, Martianus, for safekeeping.

Barbara: they hit her with rawhide and massaged her wounds with a hair towel, all in an attempt to deepen her suffering.

Barbara continued her passionate prayers to her Heavenly Husband, when the Savior Himself arrived and healed her wounds.

Juliana, a pious Christian woman from Heliopolis who lived in the throng where the martyr was tortured, was among those there.

Juliana wished to suffer for the sake of Christ as well.

Both martyrs were subjected to severe torture for an extended period of time.

Because of the prayers of St.

Then the persistent confessors of Christ, Ss.

St.

The anger of God was swift in punishing both Martianus and Dioscorus, who were both torturers.

Constantinople was the site of the transfer of the relics of the saintly Great Martyr Barbara during the sixth century.

These relics are still on display at Kiev’s St Vladimir church, where an Akathist to the saint is held every Tuesday morning.

Barbara that those who remembered her and her sufferings would be preserved from a sudden, unexpected death and would not depart this life without benefit of the Holy Mysteries of Christ, many pious Orthodox Christians make it a daily habit to chant the troparion of St.

Barbara. The feast day of St. Barbara is celebrated on December 4. This information was obtained from the Office of Catholic Apologetics (OCA) website, which has a database of feast days and saints’ lives.

About Saint Barbara: Early Christian saint and martyr, from Nicomedia (0273 – 0308)

id:saint-barbara on the Peoplepill Early Christian martyr and saint, originally from Nicomedia.

Intro Early Christian saint and martyr, from Nicomedia
A.K.A. Great Martyr Barbara
Is MartyrSaint
From Lebanon
Type MilitaryReligion
Gender female
Birth 1 January 273, Nicomedia
Death 308, Baalbek, Beqaa Governorate, Lebanon

The specifics are as follows: (from wikipedia)

Biography

Saint Barbara (Greek: B), whose feast day is December 4 and who is known in the Eastern Orthodox Church as the Great Martyr Barbara, was an early Christian Greek saint and martyr who lived during the first century AD. According to some accounts, she lived in the 3rd century in the Greek city of Nicomedia, which is now in Turkey, or in the Phoenician city of Heliopolis, which is now in Lebanon’s Baalbek. There is no mention of her in the authentic early Christian literature, nor in the original recension of Saint Jerome’s martyrology, which was published in the fifth century.

In 1969, the General Roman Calendar was revised to remove her from the list of saints, although she was not removed from the Catholic Church’s list of saints because of uncertainties regarding the historical accuracy of her narrative.

Since her canonization as one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers, Barbara has remained a popular saint in modern times.

Many of the thirteen miracles recounted in a 15th-century French version of her account are dependent on the assurance she provided that her worshippers would not die until they confessed and received severe unction before they died.

Life

Barbara, the daughter of a wealthy pagan called Dioscorus, was closely guarded by her father, who kept her locked up in a tower in order to keep her safe from the outside world, according to the hagiographies. Barbara was the daughter of a wealthy pagan named Dioscorus. Her covert conversion to Christianity led her to reject a marriage proposal from him, which she got through him. A private bath-house was built for her near her home, and during his absence, Barbara had three windows installed in the building instead of the two that had been initially planned as a symbol of the Holy Trinity and for her own personal usage.

  • While in pursuit of his daughter, Dioscorus encountered two shepherds, the first of whom spurned him, the second of whom betrayed her and was cast to stone, while his flock was transformed into locusts.
  • Barbara was subjected to torture.
  • During the night, the black jail was drenched in light, and fresh marvels took place throughout the establishment.
  • Whenever the torches that were supposed to be used to burn her got close enough to her, they went out!
  • Her father was the one who carried out the death sentence on her behalf.
  • A Christian, Valentinus, buried Barbara, and her grave became a location of miracles as a result of his actions.

286–305); the year 267 was given in the French version edited by Father Harry F. Williams of the Anglican Community of the Resurrection, which was translated from the original Latin by Father Harry F. Williams (1975).

Veneration

The name Saint Barbara was first heard in Rome in the 7th century, and her cult dates back to the 9th century, when it was first practiced in the East. In light of the fact that she is not mentioned in the older martyrologies, her historical significance is questioned. It appears in the Speculum historiale (xii.64) of Vincent of Beauvais as well as subsequent versions of the Golden Legend (including William Caxton’s rendition of the legend) as well as in later versions of the Golden Legend. Various accounts of her martyrdom, which include two surviving mystery plays, disagree on the place of her death, which has been variably identified as Tuscany, Rome, Antioch, Baalbek, and Nicomedia.

  1. Saint Barbara is one of the Holy Helpers, who number fourteen in all.
  2. Her feast day, December 4, is commemorated in the Tridentine Calendar, which was first used in Rome in the 12th century and has remained in use since.
  3. When it was taken off the calendar in 1969, it was due to the fact that the narratives of her life and martyrdom were deemed to be completely fictitious, with no clarity even concerning the location of her crucifixion.
  4. A French church dedicated to Saint Barbara and her tower (Villeloup, Aube) built in approx.
  5. The remains of Saint Barbara were transported from Constantinople to Kiev’s St.
  6. Vladimir’s Cathedral in the same city as their origin.
  7. Barbara’s relics to the United States, where they are now on permanent exhibit for devotion at St.
  8. Her feast day is celebrated on December 4 by Catholics, Eastern Orthodox, and Anglicans.
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Patronage

Barbara shrines may be found in the German mines Schacht Konrad (on the left) and Schacht Asse II (on the right) (right). Saint Barbara was elevated to the status of patron saint of artillerymen. Aside from armourers and military engineers, she is also historically considered the patron saint of gunsmiths, tunnellers, miners, and anybody else who dealt with cannons and explosives. She is invoked in the event of thunder and lightning, as well as in the event of any mishaps resulting from gunpowder blasts.

  • The powder magazine of a ship or castle is denoted by the Spanish wordsantabárbara, the related Italian wordSanta Barbara, and the archaic French wordSainte-Barbe, among others.
  • In addition, she serves as patroness of the Italian Navy.
  • Church parades, sports days, guest evenings, cocktail parties, dinners, and other activities are organized by the units and sub-units to commemorate the occasion.
  • The West Australian Mining Club commemorates St Barbara’s Day each year and uses the occasion to honor individuals who have died while working in the mining sector during the course of the year.
  • A long-standing practice in the tunnelling business is that one of the first jobs for any new tunnelling project is to build a tiny shrine to Santa Barbara either at the tunnel portal or at the subterranean junction into lengthy tunnel heads, which is a long-standing tradition.
  • The Norwich University Independent Battery hosts a celebration of Santa Barbara Night each year.
  • The celebrations in honor of the saint are held in artillery camps throughout the two nations, when troops and guests are treated to the traditional sweet of loukoumades, which is said to be shaped like cannonballs because it is similar to them.

She is also revered as a patron saint by the Spanish military artillery, mining engineers, and miners, among others.

Her name is given to a section of the California coast that is currently occupied by the city of Santa Barbara, which is roughly 100 miles northwest of Los Angeles and is now known as the Santa Barbara Channel.

The Mission Santa Barbara was founded there on her feast day in 1786, and it is one of twenty-one such churches that were maintained by the Franciscan Order and collectively known as the California missions, which were established throughout the state.

The Russian Orthodox Church, which includes a church near Saint Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow and a church in Yaroslavl, is dedicated in her honor.

When it comes to Afro-Brazilian faiths such as Candomblé and Umbanda, she is commonly referred to as Yansan, the orisha of wind and storms.

(which is December 4 in the old style calendar).

The day of Saint Barbara is commemorated as aрвара (Varvara) on the 17th of December in Macedonia.

In Australia’s mining town of Kalgoorlie, where she is worshipped as the patron saint of miners, she is honored with a parade on St.

For centuries, Mary has been honored as patron saint of the Irish Artillery Corps.

Most significant tunneling projects in the Czech Republic are inaugurated with the dedication of a statue of Saint Barbara, who is the patron saint of miners, which is put near the future tunnel entrance at their groundbreaking ceremonies.

The festival is similar in some ways to the American Halloween holiday.

To honor Saint Barbara, a cave shrine dedicated to her is located on the slopes of Mount Ara in Armenia, and lighted candles and flower garlands are placed there as a form of devotion.

The Order of Saint Barbara

Medallion of the Order of Saint Barbara The Order of Saint Barbara is maintained as an honorary military organization of the United States Army Field Artillery and the United States Army Air Defense Artillery by the United States Army Field Artillery Association and the United States Army Air Defense Artillery Association, respectively. Eligibility for membership is open to members of both the United States Army and the United States Marine Corps as well as their respective military and civilian supporters.

  1. Long-term exceptional service in the Field Artillery or Air Defense Artillery earns the recipient the Honorable Order of St.
  2. Applicants for appointment to the Honorable Order must be authorized by either the seniormost lieutenant-colonel or the first colonel in the chain of command.
  3. It is only by long-term, great service to the field artillery that those nominated for this distinction have proven themselves to be superior to even their own colleagues in the Honorable Order of Saint Barbara.
  4. She is also the patron saint of the Royal Artillery of the British Army, and her feast day is observed every December.

In modern popular culture

Saint Barbara’s day or Eid il-Burbara is celebrated in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Palestine, Israel among Arab Christians annually on December 4, in a feast day similar to that of North American Halloween. The traditional food for the occasion isBurbara, a bowl of boiled barley, pomegranate seeds, raisins, anise and sugar. Walnuts or almonds can be added. The general belief among Lebanese Christians is that Saint Barbara disguised herself in numerous characters to elude the Romans who were persecuting her.

  • Saint Barbara is mentioned in Thomas Pynchon’s novel, against the day.
  • Saint Barbara is mentioned in Federico García Lorca’s play,La Casa de Bernarda Alba(1936) (1936).
  • The first Spanish-languageTelenovelafilmed in color for TV in the US, was the 1973 production ofSanta Bárbara, Virgen y Mártir,filmed entirely on location in Hialeah, Florida.
  • Major Barbara is a play by George Bernard Shaw in which the title character is an officer in the Salvation Army and grapples with the moral dilemma of whether this Christian denomination should accept donations from her father, who is an armaments manufacturer.
  • Barbara in her role as patron saint of artillery and explosives personnel.

Saint Barbara is the Patron Saint of the Gunnery Branch of the British Royal Navy. The church at HMS Excellent (also known as Whale Island) Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, the former Gunnery School of the Royal Navy, is called St. Barbara’s.

In art

On the surface of art, Saint Barbara is shown as standing beside a tower with three windows and two tables and chairs of any style, holding a palm branch and an alms chalice, and occasionally with cannons depicted at her side.

  • A painting by Peter Paul Rubens (c. 1620) depicting Saint Barbara fleeing from her father. By Paolo Veronese (about 1565), the Holy Family with Saint Barbara and young Saint John is shown. St. Barbara, painted by Jan van Eyck (about 1437)
  • St. Barbara’s traditional holy card design is seen below. A Greek Orthodox icon of Saint Barbara
  • Saint Barbara by Corrado Parducci
  • Saint Barbara by Corrado Parducci Jan and Ferdinand Brokoff’s sculpture of Saint Barbara on the Charles Bridge in Prague was completed in 1707
  • Saint George and Saint Barbara are shown on the altar of St. Verena’s Catholic Church in Roggenbeuren, Belgium. Saint Barbara crushing her infidel father, by Domenico Ghirlandaio, about 1473, with a kneeling donor
  • Saint Barbara crushing her infidel father, by Domenico Ghirlandaio, circa 1473
  • Sculpture from the fourteenth century on display in the Musée National de l’Age Médiévale in Paris
  • During her imprisonment, St. Barbara receives the consolation of Christ. Above the entrance to Santa Barbara dei Librari, there is a sculpture of St. Barbara. The Master of the Joseph Sequence is directing the construction of a third window in St Barbara’s Tower, which will be dedicated to the Virgin Mary. The Martyrdom of St Barbara, as shown by the Master of the Joseph Sequence, and At addition to St Barbara, the Ranworth Rood Screen, c.1430, in St. Helen’s Church in Ranworth, Norfolk, UK
  • Saint Varvara, Ukraine, 1810/1838
  • And Saint Barbara, Reliquary Bust, Strasbourg, c. 1465 are also examples of Barbara’s work.

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Saint Charles Borromeo Catholic Church of Picayune, MS – Devotion – Patron Saints

Date of birth: 3rd century AD Died:c.235 Canonized:pre-Congregation Day of the Feast: December 4 Architects, artillerymen, builders, fire prevention, miners, and thunder-storms are among the Saints who have been named after him. Virgin and Martyr are two words that come to mind. There is no mention of St. Barbara in the legitimate early historical sources for Christian antiquity, and her name does not exist in the original recension of St. Jerome’s Martyrology, which was published in the first century AD.

  • At or about this time, there were mythical Acts of her martyrdom that were incorporated into the collection of Symeon Metaphrastes and were also used by the writers (Ado, Usuard, and others) of the larger martyrologies that were compiled in Western Europe throughout the ninth century.
  • Her father was very protective of her, and he kept her locked up in a tower in order to protect her from the outside world, which was dangerous for her.
  • Before embarking on a tour, her father ordered that a bath-house be built for her near her home, and while he was away, Barbara had three windows installed in the bath-house as a symbol of the Holy Trinity, rather than the two that were originally planned.
  • As a punishment for carrying out the death sentence personally, the father was hit by lightning on his way home and his corpse was completely incinerated.
  • The corpses of the saints were buried by a holy man named Valentinus, and it was at this tomb that the sick were cured and travelers who came to pray got assistance and solace.
  • The location of the martyrdom has been debated, with two opposing viewpoints expressed: Symeon Metaphrastes and the Latin tale recorded by Mombritius place the martyrdom in Heliopolis in Egypt, whilst other stories, to which Baronius gives more weight, place the martyrdom at Nicomedia.
  • Jerome and Bede say “Romae Barbarae virginis” or “apud Antiochiam passio S.
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It is evident that, prior to the ninth century, she was openly revered both in the East and in the West, and that she was extremely popular among the Christian population in both regions.

She was also enlisted as an intercessor to ensure that the Sacraments of Penance and Holy Eucharist were received by the dying at the hour of their deaths.

A man named Henry Kock was nearly charred to death in a fire at Gorkum; he called on St.

It was she who assisted him in escaping the burning house and kept him alive until he could receive the final sacraments of the church.

In the Greek and contemporary Roman calendars the feast of St.

St. Barbara has often been pictured in art; she is usually standing in a tower with three windows, bearing the palm of a victim in her hand; typically also she carries a chalice and sacramental wafer; occasionally guns are placed around her.

The Legend of Saint Barbara: Patron Saint of Miners

Brad Bockey contributed to this article.

Saint Barbara is the patron saint of miners. She is among the 14 Holy Helpers of the Roman Catholic Church, the “Patron of Good Death.”

Saint Barbara is most likely a representation of the miners’ need for light, which has been translated from Christian tradition. The fact that the Feast of Saint Barbara is observed in both Catholic and non-Catholic communities suggests that it originated before the Reformation. In spite of the criticism of the adoration of saints in Protestant communities, St. Barbara has managed to maintain her status there as well.

ST. BARBARA DAY

The feast day of St. Barbara is celebrated on December 4th. The tradition of the “Barbara branch” has been maintained in numerous families throughout our country. On this day, cherry tree sprigs are cut and put in a vase filled with water near a window to catch the morning sun. These branches flower exactly at the time of Christmas, after 21 days. For more than a century in the Westerwald, the Barbara sprigs were revered as both a symbol of Christmas and a Christmas ornament, long before the term “Christmas tree” was coined.

Barbara altars and windows may be seen in practically all of the churches in mining villages across the world.

THE CHRISTIAN LEGEND

Barbara, according to Christian tradition, lived towards the end of the 3rd century AD in Nicomedia, which is now known as Izmit in Turkey, and was the daughter of a wealthy, pagan merchant named Dioscuros. Barbara was married to Dioscuros and had a son named Dioscuros. Despite her father’s objections, the attractive young lady decided to convert to Christianity and was baptized. Barbara was imprisoned in the tower by Dioscuros because he was furious that she had pledged her allegiance to the new religion, which he despised and admired at the same time.

  1. Both her imprisonment and the sanctions she received from her father were ineffective in convincing her to change her mind; on the contrary, they only served to reinforce her commitment to Christianity.
  2. This is how Mary came to be known as the patron saint of mine workers.
  3. Her own father beheaded her, but he was immediately struck by a bolt of lightning that killed him.
  4. St.
  5. So on December 4th, a sombre mood prevails in front of the Copper Plate “Erbstollen” (copper plate drainage tunnels), as people express gratitude for the accident-free mining year that has passed and pray once more for continued protection.

PATRONAGE

Barbara shrines may be found in the Germanmines Schacht Konrad (on the left) and Schacht Asse II (on the right) (right). Saint Barbara was elevated to the status of patron saint of artillerymen. As a result, she has historically been regarded as the patroness of armourers, military engineers, gunsmiths, miners, and anybody else who dealt with cannons and explosives. She is invoked in the event of thunder and lightning, as well as in the event of any mishaps resulting from gunpowder blasts. Catholics who labor in environments where they are at risk of sudden and violent death have a special devotion to her.

To prevent an unexpected explosion from occurring on the ship or castle, it was common to place a statue of Saint Barbara at the magazine’s entrance.

Armed forces around the world commemorate Saint Barbara’s Day on December 4, including the United Kingdom (Royal Artillery, Royal Engineers), Australia (Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery, Royal Australian Air Force Armourers), Canada (Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technicians (EOD), Canadian Army Armourers, Royal Canadian Artillery, Canadian Military Field Engineers, Royal Canadian Navy Weapons Engineering Technicians), and New Zealand (RNZAF Armourers, Royal New Additionally, Irish Defence Forces Artillery Regiments, the Norwegian Armed Forces Artillery Battalion, the United States Army and Marine Corps Field and Air Defense Artillery, several Marine Corps Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technicians, and other artillery groups participate in the commemoration.

  • Church parades, sports days, guest evenings, cocktail parties, dinners, and other activities are organized by the units and sub-units to commemorate the occasion.
  • The West Australian Mining Club commemorates St Barbara’s Day each year and uses the occasion to honor individuals who have died while working in the mining sector during the course of the year.
  • The Norwich University Independent Battery hosts a celebration of Santa Barbara Night each year.
  • The celebrations in honor of the saint are held in artillery camps throughout the two nations, when troops and guests are treated to the traditional sweet of loukoumades, which is said to be shaped like cannonballs because it is similar to them.
  • Saint Barbara is also the patron saint of the Greek Orthodox Church in the United States.
  • In her honor, parades, liturgies, banquets, and other events are organized throughout the year.
  • Sebastián Vizcaino braved a terrible storm close offshore on the eve of her feast day in 1602 and had her Franciscan mission consecrated to her in 1603.

The Russian Orthodox Church, which includes a church near Saint Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow and a church in Yaroslavl, is dedicated in her honor.

When it comes to Afro-Brazilian faiths such as Candomblé and Umbanda, she is commonly referred to as Yansan, the orisha of wind and storms.

(which is December 4 in the old style calendar).

Macedonia commemorates Saint Barbara’s Day on December 17th with the celebration known as aрвара (Varvara).

In Australia’s mining town of Kalgoorlie, where she is worshipped as the patron saint of miners, she is honored with a parade on St.

For centuries, Mary has been honored as patron saint of the Irish Artillery Corps.

Due to the fact that Saint Barbara is the patron saint of miners in the Czech Republic, a statue of her is put near the future tunnel entrance portal during the groundbreaking ceremony of most significant tunneling projects, including those in the country.

The festival has a few similarities to the American holiday of Halloween.

It is said that a cave shrine dedicated to Saint Barbara (Kuys Varvara) may be found on the slopes of Mount Ara in Armenia, and that lighted candles and flower garlands are used as offerings.

THE ORDER OF SAINT BARBARA

Medallion of the Order of Saint Barbara The Order of Saint Barbara is maintained as an honorary military organization of the United States Army Field Artillery and the United States Army Air Defense Artillery by the United States Army Field Artillery Association and the United States Army Air Defense Artillery Association, respectively. Eligibility for membership is open to members of both the United States Army and the United States Marine Corps as well as their respective military and civilian supporters.

Long-term exceptional service in the Field Artillery or Air Defense Artillery earns the recipient the Honorable Order of St.

Applicants for appointment to the Honorable Order must be authorized by either the seniormost lieutenant-colonel or the first colonel in the chain of command.

It is only by long-term, great service to the field artillery that those nominated for this distinction have proven themselves to be superior to even their own colleagues in the Honorable Order of Saint Barbara.

She is also the patron saint of the Royal Artillery of the British Army, and her feast day is observed every December.

IN MODERN POPULAR CULTURE

Saint Barbara’s Day, also known as Eid il-Burbara, is observed yearly on December 4 by Arab Christians in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Palestine, and Israel, and is a feast day comparable to that of North American Halloween in these countries. Burbara is the traditional delicacy served on this occasion, which is a bowl of cooked barley flavored with pomegranate seeds, raisins, anise, and sugar. Walnuts or almonds can be used as garnishes. Most Christians in Lebanon believe that Saint Barbara disguised herself as a variety of identities to avoid capture by the Romans who were persecuting her during the time of the Crusades.

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