- 1 When the Saints Go Marching In – Wikipedia
- 2 Origins and usage
- 3 Lyrics
- 4 Analysis of the traditional lyrics
- 5 Other versions
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
- 9 When the Saints Go Marching In
- 10 When The Saints Go Marching In – Origins of the Gospel Song
- 11 When the Saints Go Marching In (27 Versions Performed By:) by Various artists on Amazon Music – Amazon.com
- 12 When The Saints Go Marching In (Lesson in Jazz Harmony)
When the Saints Go Marching In – Wikipedia
A large crowd, including the queen, watched as their remains were carried in solemn procession to the monastery where Fernando was a monk at the time of their deaths. Many people regarded this as a tragic and sad event; however, others considered it to be glorious, and in fact, young Fernando regarded it as an inspiration. In fact, it had such a profound impact on him that it spurred him on to make a life-altering decision that would affect many others. In the end, he decided to join the Franciscan Order as well!
Augustine of Hippo.
After completing his studies at the Augustinian convent of St.
As promised, the Franciscans granted Anthony permission to travel to Morocco, where he could further his mission as a witness for Christ, and potentially as a martyr if God so desired.
- He became seriously ill while in Morocco and realized he needed to return home after several months.
- When his ship finally reached the coast of Sicily’s east coast, the captain was relieved.
- The great Pentecost chapter of mats was something Anthony wanted to attend despite his ailing health (so called because the 3,000 friars could not be housed and slept on mats).
- The chapter of mats was over, and Anthony had no assignment because he was essentially a visitor from “out of town” at his friary in Sicily.
- I asked him to “instruct” him on how to live the Franciscan way of life.
- Anthony was overjoyed when the provincial superior agreed with him.
- During a gathering for the ordination of Dominicans and Franciscans in 1222, Anthony was first acknowledged for his extraordinary gift of preaching.
Because there were no immediate volunteers among the group, Anthony was asked to contribute “just something simple,” given that he presumably possessed no formal education and was only 27 years old at the time of his contribution.
It became clear that he had “fire” within him.
His hermitage life of prayer and penance was soon replaced by the life of a public preacher after his abilities and knowledge were made apparent.
We are aware that his sermons were not received favorably by all people who heard them.
Everybody’s attention was drawn to it, according to the traditional tale.
The sermons he has left behind, on the other hand, show him rarely taking a direct stance against them.
No use in proving people wrong: Anthony wanted to win them over to the right side of the fence, to the healing of genuine sorrow and conversion, as well as the wonder of reconciliation with a devoted father.
Francis, received glowing reports about Anthony’s sermons, knowledge of the scriptures, and devotion to the Virgin.
During this time, Anthony continued to preach while also teaching the friars and taking on increasing responsibilities within the organization.
He met Pope Gregory IX in Rome around Easter 1228, when he was 33 years old.
Francis’ life, the Pope had been a loyal companion and advisor.
Like usual, he went about his business with dignity.
The year was 1231, and Anthony was back in Padua, where he delivered his final and most famous Lent lectures.
Hundreds of people waited outside to hear him speak all night.
Anthony would hear confessions following his morning mass and sermon.
He was very weary as a result of the tremendous amount of energy he had consumed over the Lenten week.
In contrast, the wagon ride had worn him out to the point where he needed to rest in Arcella.
He received his final sacraments in Arcella, where he also sang and prayed with the friars.
He died peacefully a little time later.
On June 13, 1231, St.
There were hundreds of thousands of people who came to see Anthony’s body and to attend his funeral service.
Several miracles that were credited to him during his life and that occurred at his grave motivated Pope Gregory IX, who made the decision to canonize him the following year.
God alone knows which stories are genuine and which are folklore, but while narrating the biography of St.
Anthony’s loaf of bread.
Anthony’s intercession, many individuals make charitable contributions to the impoverished.
An unnamed adored child drowned at the Basilica of St.
Anthony’s bread began from that point forward.
Anthony’s intercession on her behalf, the child’s mother pledged that if the child were returned to her, she would give the weight of the child in grain to the poor in order that they might be able to make bread – a tremendous gift at a time when poverty and hunger were widely prevalent.
Anthony’s honor began.
Because he is the patron saint of the poor, it is natural that this is done in St.
In many cultures, the patron saint of lost objects is referred to as St.
One of St.
Apparently, he had a favorite psalm book that he considered to be quite useful.
According to the rumors, the Psalter had been taken by a novice who was leaving the community.
A little time later, the novice returned the book and begged Anthony’s forgiveness, which he gladly granted him.
Anthony is also known as the “Guardian of the Mail.” He constantly wanted isolation and quiet time for meditation, but because he was a well-known preacher, he had little opportunity to relax and recharge.
When the messenger arrived to deliver the message, however, the letter was nowhere to be seen, according to the narrative.
He gained clearance to go on the trip from his superiors not long after.
Despite several attempts to contact the author, no response could be found.
Anthony, praying that he would intervene on her behalf and aid with the delivery of the letter.
Her letter had been substituted by a letter from her husband, which she discovered when she removed it.
Novenas to St.
As Tuesday was the day Anthony was buried and the miracles at his tomb began, many of them begin on Tuesdays as well.
When the wife couldn’t have a child after years and years of trying, she turned to Saint Anthony for help.
In 1898, Pope Leo XIII supported the devotion by offering an indulgence to individuals who spent time in sincere prayer in honor of St.
Several depictions of St.
On the feast of St.
During times of temptation, the lily is designed to serve as a reminder of St.
Many depictions show that Saint Anthony visited a nearby hermitage to spend time praying.
It is said that after noticing a light in the distance, the owner of the hermitage went to investigate and was surprised to find St.
The vision came to an end when St.
A gentle and humble friar, Anthony proclaimed the good news with love and bravery to those who needed it.
In his penance and apostolic zeal, he was a man of tremendous character.
As essential as his efforts to bring people back to the faith via his preaching were his efforts to promote peace and to advocate for right and equitable treatment for everyone.
Anthony of Padua is one of the most respected and popular saints in the Catholic Church to this day.
May God bless you in the spirit of St. Anthony of Padua, a fellow Franciscan who we like and admire.
Origins and usage
The origins of this song are a mystery at this time. It is believed to have developed in the early 1900s from a number of gospel hymns with similar titles, such as “When the Saints Are Marching In” (1896) and “When the Saints March In for Crowning” (1900), among others (1908). The Paramount Jubilee Singers released the earliest known recorded rendition of the song in 1923 on the Paramount 12073 label. Despite the fact that the album’s title is “When All the Saints Come Marching In,” the group performs the more contemporary lyrics that begin with “When the saints go marching in.” On the label, there is no indication of who wrote it.
- Campbell (1927), Robert Hicks (AKABarbecue Bob, 1927), Blind Willie Davis (1928), and the Pace (1928).
- Despite the fact that the song had folk roots, a number of composers, including Luther G.
- The city of New Orleans is particularly connected with the song’s melody.
There is no one “official” version of the song or its lyrics, as there is with many traditional folk songs that have been around for a long time. This misconception even extends to its name, which is sometimes referred to incorrectly as “When the Saints Come Marching In.” In terms of the lyrics themselves, their simplicity makes it simple to come up with fresh verses to go with them. The production of one acceptable line iniambic tetrameter creates a full verse since the first and second lines are precisely the same, and the third and fourth lines are standard throughout the poem.
- Oh, my God, I want to be included in that group.
- Oh, when the drums start to pound, it’s a good time.
- Oh, my God, I want to be included in that group.
- Oh, how I love it when the stars fall from the night sky.
- Oh, my God, I want to be included in that group.
- Oh, when the moon is crimson with blood, it’s a beautiful sight.
- Oh, my God, I want to be included in that group.
Oh, when the trumpet blows its horn, I’ll be there.
Oh, my God, I want to be included in that group.
Oh, the excitement as the horsemen begin to ride.
Oh, my God, I want to be included in that group.
Oh, brother Charles, you are a good buddy of mine.
Yes, you will be included in that group.
Oh, when the saints come marching through town Oh, when the saints come marching through town Oh, my God, I want to be included in that group.
The first two syllables of the traditional third verse line (“Lord, how I want.”) are frequently sung as either “Oh how,” “Oh, Lord,” or even “Lord, Lord” as cue notes to the simple melody at the beginning of each third line of the song.
The most basic form is simply an infinite repeating of the choruses.
Rather than solo singing, some classic arrangements feature an ensemble performance. It is also frequently used as a sing-along tune with the crowd. Versions that make use of call and respond are frequently heard, for example:
- The caller says: “Oh when the Saints,” and the response is “Oh when the Saints.”
It is possible for the answer verses to repeat the same melody as the main verses or to produce a counterpoint melody that is syncopated opposing the main verses’ beat. In more sophisticated arrangements, a solo singer may sing another counterpoint melody (solosopranoortenor) as a third part.
Analysis of the traditional lyrics
When it comes to the Last Judgement, the hymn is apocalyptic in nature, drawing heavily on the Book of Revelation yet avoiding its most terrible portrayals of the Day of the Lord. The lines regarding the Sun and Moon are frequently read as referring to Solar and Lunar eclipses, respectively; the trumpet refers to the method by which the Last Judgment is declared. Because the song emphasizes the desire to go to Heaven by imagining the saints entering (through the Pearly Gates), it is perfectly acceptable for funerals because it reflects the desire to go to Heaven.
- The Paramount Jubilee Singers recorded the song for the first time on Paramount 12073 in mid-November 1923. Four Harmony Kings, Vocalion 14941, mid-November 1924
- Elkins-Payne Jubilee Singers, Okeh 8170, c. November 24, 1924
- Bo Weavil Jackson, c. August 1926 in Chicago, IL, under the title “When the Saints Come Marching Home,”Paramount12390
- And Elkins-Payne Jubilee Singers, Okeh 8170, c. November 24, 1924
- Elkins- Bluesman Sleepy John Estes, backed by a second guitar and a kazoo, recorded this song for Bluebird Records in Chicago in 1941. A version of this song may be found on theElvis Presleycompilation. Peace in the Valley: The Complete Gospel Recordings is a collection of gospel recordings that was released in 1997. Sony BMG/Elvis Music
- Sony BMG/Elvis Music
With traditional lyrics
- Louis Armstrong’s 1938 Decca recording of The Saints, which was listed to the National Recording Registry by the Library of Congress in 2021, was instrumental in turning the group into a jazz standard. Fats Domino introduced the song into the earlyrock and rollrepertoire as one of the classic New Orleans pieces that he frequently performed for rock audiences in the 1950s and 1960s. In most cases, Domino would utilize “The Saints” as his grand finale performance, often with his horn players exiting the stage to parade into the theater aisles or around the dance floor
- Judy Garlands sung it in her own pop style
- And Michael Jackson sang it in his own pop manner. A recording of the song was made by Connee Boswell with the Original Memphis Five in 1957. A version of the song was recorded for Elvis Presley’s film, Frankie and Johnny, and he sang it during the Million Dollar Quartet jam session. The song was included in a medley on Bing Crosby’s album101 Gang Songs (1961), which was released in 1961. Other early rock performers that followed in Domino’s footsteps were Jerry Lee Lewis and the Rolling Stones. Donna Hightower recorded the song for Barclay Records in 1962 as a swinging Twist tune, replete with a scat singing and an impersonation of Louis Armstrong
- The song was released in 1963 as a single. TheKidsongsKids sang this song towards the conclusion of their video “Day At Camp.” During the 1984 Summer Olympics opening ceremony, Etta James performed a lively version of the song for the Cambridge Singers with piano or organ accompaniment and a Dixieland jazz-style clarinetobbligato. In 1990, John Rutter arranged a lively version of the song for the Cambridge Singers with piano or organ accompaniment and a Dixieland jazz-style clarinetobbligato.
With non-traditional lyrics
- A Decca recording by Louis Armstrong in 1938, which was listed to the National Recording Registry by the Library of Congress in 2021, helped establish The Saints as a jazz standard. Fats Domino introduced the song into the earlyrock and rollrepertoire as one of the classic New Orleans pieces that he frequently performed for rock audiences in the 1930s and 1940s. In most cases, Domino would utilize “The Saints” as his grand finale performance, often with his horn players exiting the stage to parade into the theater aisles or around the dance floor
- Judy Garlands sung it in her own pop manner
- And Michael Jackson covered it in his own jazz style. A recording of the song was made by Connee Boswell and the Original Memphis Five in 1957. A version of the song was recorded for Elvis Presley’s film, Frankie and Johnny, and he sang it at the Million Dollar Quartetjam session. When Bing Crosby released his album101 Gang Songs in 1961, he included the song in a medley. Domino was followed by a number of other early rock musicians, including Jerry Lee Lewis and the Rolling Stones. Donna Hightower covered the song for Barclay Records in 1962 as a swinging Twist tune, replete with a scat vocal and an impersonation of Louis Armstrong
- The recording was released in 1963 as a single. It was at the conclusion of their “Day At Camp” video when TheKidsongsKids sang this song. At the 1984 Summer Olympics Opening Ceremonies, Etta James performed a lively version of the song for the Cambridge Singers, with piano or organ accompaniment and a Dixieland jazz-style clarinetobbligato. In 1990, John Rutter composed a lively version of the song for the Cambridge Singers, with piano or organ accompaniment and a Dixieland jazz-style clarinetabbligato.
- On August 2, 1944, Bunk Johnson’s Band recorded an instrumental version of the song in Oslo, and on May 10, 1953, the Big Chief Jazzband recorded an instrumental version in Oslo. A version by Al Hirt was released on his 1963 album, Our Man in New Orleans, and was included on the compilation albumThe Best of Al Hirt
- A version by Bo Diddley and Chuck Berry was released on their 1964 album,Two Great Guitars
- And a version by Harry James was released on his 1972 albumMr. Trumpet. (Longines Symphonette Society)
- And a version by Johnny and the Hurricanes was released under the title “Revival.” Several military bands have used the rhythm of “When The Saints Go Marching In” as the basis for their marching music
- The Law and Mr. Jones, starring James Whitmore, was broadcast on ABC from 1960 to 1962 and featured the melody of “When The Saints Go Marching In”
- Dominique, the battalion quick march of the 5th Battalion of the Royal Australian Regiment, features the melody of “When The Saints Go Marching In.” Tuts Washington recorded a version of “When the Saints Go Marching In” for his 1983 album New Orleans Piano Professor
- An arrangement of “When the Saints Go Marching In” is the official march of theHälsinge Air Force Wing(F15) in Sweden
- And an arrangement of “When the Saints Go Marching In” is the official march of theHälsinge Air Force Wing(F15) in Sweden.
- Saints’ communion is a type of religious communion. List of pre-1920 jazz standards
- “When the Saints Go Marching In” in sports
- Christian child’s prayer Spirituals
- List of pre-1920 jazz standards
- Alan Lomax’s full name is Alan Lomax (1960). “Negro Spirituals.” Folk Songs of North America, vol. 4, no. 4, p. 449
- “Music History for May 13 from On-This-Day.com”
- “When the Saints Are Marching In.” When the Saints Are Marching In, vol. 4, no. 4, p. 449
- “When the Saints Are Marching In The Cyber Hymnal is a collection of hymns on the internet. Archived from the original on December 6, 2018
- Fulld, James J., The Book of World-Famous Music, Classical, Popular, and Folk, Fourth Edition, 1995
- AbDixon, Robert M. W., Godrich, John, and Rye, Howard, The Book of World-Famous Music, Classical, Popular, and Folk, Fourth Edition, 1995
- Fourth Edition, 1997
- “LUTHER PRESLEY COLLECTION.” July 31, 2007. Blues and Gospel Records, 1890–1943, Fourth Edition, 1997
- “LUTHER PRESLEY COLLECTION.” “When the Saints Go Marching In,” an arrangement by Luther G. Presley, was published on July 31, 2007
- It was originally published on July 31, 2007. Item 158 in Shelton, Ruth Winsett, ed.Best-Loved Songs and Hymns(Dayton, TN: R. E. Winsett Music Company, 1961)
- Brooks, Tim.Lost Sounds: Blacks and the Birth of the Recording Industry 1890–1919(2004), 457–458
- “Paramoung 12000 series numerical listing (1922–1927)” in “Paramoung 12000 series numerical listing (1922–1927)” On September 13, 2015, the website Wirz.de published “Sam Butler/Bo Weavil Jackson discography.” Obtainable on September 13, 2015
- Illustrated Sleepy Time Jennifer Schuessler’s discography
- John Estes’ discography (March 24, 2021). The New York Times published an article titled “Janet Jackson and Kermit the Frog Added to National Recording Registry” on March 24, 2021. The phrase ‘who dat?’ was popularized by New Orleans Saints supporters during a time when “everyone was seeking for the sign,” according to Walker. Pages A1 and A10 of the Times-Picayune (Saint Tammany Edition) on January 12, 2010
- When the Reds Go Marching In is a football song that you should listen to. Stoke MP3 Download The SCFC chant from FIFA 13 was found on Fanchants.co.uk and was retrieved on July 29, 2013. Oh When The Spurs Go Marching In is a football song that you should listen to. Spurs MP3 FIFA 13 THFC chant. Fanchants.co.uk. Retrieved July 29, 2013
- “BFC supporters give Bangalore football a ‘ultra’ flavour”
- “BFC fans give Bangalore football a ‘ultra’ flavour”
- “Chapter 43 Tribal Chants,” by Desmond Morris, published in 1981. The Soccer Tribe, published by Cape, p.305, ISBN 978-0224019354
- On April 11, 2013, Al Hirt published The Best of Al Hirt, which was retrieved from the internet. Bo Diddley / Chuck Berry,Two Outstanding Guitarists “Johnny and the Hurricanes” was released on July 30, 2019, and “The Law and Mr. Jones” was released on July 30, 2019. “5th Battalion The Royal Australian Regiment
- Regimental Marches” was released on July 30, 2019, and “The Law and Mr. Jones” was released on July 30, 2019. Bo Sandberg is a Swedish businessman (2007). Marshals and warning signals have been sent out by Försvaret in the past and now (New ed.). p. 47.ISBN978-91-631-8699-8.SELIBR10413065
- “New Orleans Piano Professor.” Stockholm: Militärmusiksamfundet mit Svenskt marscharkiv. p. 47.ISBN978-91-631-8699-8.SELIBR10413065
- “Militärmusiksamfundet med Svenskt marscharkiv.” It was retrieved on the 24th of March, 2019.
- If you want to hear “When the Saints Go Marching In,” listen to Louis Armstrong’s rendition. Hymns Without Words – free MP3 download for use in services
- Hymns Without Words – free MP3 download for use in services
When the Saints Go Marching In
Some of the most well-known tunes arise from a tangled web of influences. While their lyrics and melodies are so well-known that the general public believes they are their own, the identity of their true composers is still a topic of speculation. Take, for example, the timeless composition “When the Saints Go Marching In.” The song first appeared on the scene at the start of the twentieth century, when it was adopted by several New Orleans jazz ensembles. It held a prominent position in the ritualized repertoire of songs that they sang in conjunction with funerals.
- It helped them to cope with their loss while also celebrating the continuation of the generations.
- Alternatively, who may have designed it?
- Whatever the case, a song released in 1896 by CurtisJennings in Cincinnati, Ohio, bears an eerie resemblance to the original: “When the Saints Are Marching In,” with music by James M.
- Purvis, and published by CurtisJennings.
- When the Roll is Called Up Yonder,” another poem by Black released in 1893, has some similarities to the tune we all know and love.
- In 1925, a female gospel quartet released a rendition of the song, and numerous bluesmen, notably “Barbecue Bob” Hicks, gave the song their stamp of approval in the late 1990s and early 2000s.
- His Decca recording of the song, which was released in 1938, had a powerful influence on the audience, who were convinced that they were listening to a timeless classic because of his solemn voice and effervescent trumpet solo.
This year, the Songwriters Hall of Fame awards it the prestigious Towering Song award, which will remain in place for years to come.
When The Saints Go Marching In – Origins of the Gospel Song
When Louis Armstrong recorded the song “When the Saints Go Marching In” in the 1930s, it became a hit and became well known. “When The Saints Go Marching In” is a gospel song that is perhaps one of the most catchy and well-known compositions in history, and it is an example of a song that has crossed over into many other genres throughout the musical spectrum. Numerous singers, ranging from country singer Dolly Parton to new wave band Tears for Fears, have sung the song itself on various occasions.
- Purvis and Black had previously written a song with a similar title, “When The Saints Are Marching In,” which was a mournful number.
- Combined with the well recognized version recorded by jazz artist Louis Armstrong in the 1930s, this popularity allowed the song to gain notoriety in the pop music industry and to become a jazz classic in the process.
- However, although the lyrics of the song differ considerably from one rendition to another, the traditional lyrics contain numerous apocalyptic themes, make reference to solar and lunar eclipses, and deal with the concept of Judgement Day in one form or another.
- When the Saints come marching in, we’ll be following in the footsteps of those who’ve gone before us, and we’ll be reunited in the end.
- When the saints begin their procession into town And when the sun doesn’t want to shine, And when the sun doesn’t want to shine, I’d like to be included in that group.
- When the moon becomes crimson with blood, it is said to be a blood moon.
- Oh, when the trumpet blows its horn, I’ll be there.
- It is time for the trumpet to blow its summons.
- When the new world is unveiled, oh when it is disclosed Oh, when the new world is unveiled, I want to be among those who witness it.
When the saints begin their procession into town ‘When the Saints Go Marching In’ by Louis Armstrong is available on YouTube. Read more: When the Saints March Into Town | The History of When the Saints March Into Town CBS When the Saints are marching into town this morning
When the Saints Go Marching In (27 Versions Performed By:) by Various artists on Amazon Music – Amazon.com
|1||When the Saints Go Marching InbyLouis Armstrong||2:28|
|2||When the Saints Go Marching In, Pt. 2byLouis Armstrong||4:44|
|3||When the Saints Go Marching InbyJimmy Smith||6:15|
|4||When the Saints Go Marching InbyMahalia Jackson||3:55|
|5||When the Saints Go Marching InbyFats Domino||2:28|
|6||When the Saints Go Marching InbySidney Bechet||3:01|
|7||When the Saints Go Marching InbyThe Weavers||2:41|
|8||When the Saints Go Marching InbyGene Ammons||3:10|
|9||When the Saints Go Marching InbyJerry Lee Lewis||2:09|
|10||When the Saints Go Marching InbyThe Golden Gate Quartet||2:50|
|11||When the Saints Go Marching InbyHarry Belafonte||3:41|
|12||When the Saints Go Marching InbyLionel Hampton||6:05|
|13||When the Saints Go Marching InbyThe Dutch Swing College Band||2:48|
|14||When the Saints Go Marching In (feat. Louis Armstrong Orchestra)byJ.C. Higginbotham||2:41|
|15||When the Saints Go Marching InbyKid Ory||5:50|
|16||When the Saints Go Marching InbyBobby Hackett||4:07|
|17||When the Saints Go Marching InbySleepy John Estes||3:00|
|18||When the Saints Go Marching InbyChris Barber’s Jazz Band||6:23|
|19||When the Saints Go Marching InbyGeorge Lewis Ragtime Jazz Band||7:09|
|20||When the Saints Go Marching InbyHelen Humes||4:04|
|21||When the Saints Go Marching InbyDave Bartholomew||2:33|
|22||When the Saints Go Marching InbyBilly Vaughn||1:58|
|23||When the Saints Go Marching InbyBill Ramsey||7:45|
|24||When the Saints Go Marching InbyJack Scott||2:42|
|25||When the Saints Go Marching InbyWingy ManoneHis Orchestra||2:28|
|26||When the Saints Go Marching InbyThe City Ramblers Skiffle Group||2:32|
|27||When the Saints Go Marching InbyThe Kingston Trio||3:41|
When The Saints Go Marching In (Lesson in Jazz Harmony)
For me, Memorial Weekend 2020 seemed like a good moment to revisit this recording of When The Saints Go Marching In, in order to commemorate the lives of heroes who have died in the past as well as the most recent of days. It was my intention to create something like to a New Orleans Funeral orCelebration of Life, with a somber piano opening followed by a joyful jazz band send-off: Years ago, I assigned the following assignment to my Jazz/Pop Piano class at Santa Barbara City College: learn to play a melody by ear; then find the three main “bare bones” orskeletonchords to The Saints; then explore all of the possible ways to connect between the I, IV, and V chords, plus add rich sounding upper chord tones, passing chord substitutions, and so on.
The students completed the assignment successfully.
Take a listen to the song When The Saints Go Marching In, which you can see in the video above.
Understanding that there are several rightgreat sounding ways to reharmonize a melody is essential; hence, everything that sounds good is hereby announced to be excellent!
Inspired Improvisation and Worship: A Piano/Keyboard Method with Tips for Inspired Improvisation and Worship The very first thing I asked my pupils to do was to learn the melody of the well-known public domain hymnWhen the Saints Go Marching In, and to perform it in the key of F major on the piano.
They only altered the chords where it was absolutely necessary: After that, I demonstrated to my pupils some of the most popular substitutes that are commonly used on this piece.