When Did Saint Valentine Die

Saint Valentine

‘St. Valentine’ is the name of one or two mythical Christian martyrs whose lives appear to have been based on real events (died 3rd century Rome; feast day February 14). Despite the fact that the Roman Catholic Church still recognizes St. Valentine as a saint of the church, he was removed from the General Roman Calendar in 1969 due to a lack of solid information concerning him. He is thepatron saintof lovers,epileptics, andbeekeepers.By some accounts, St. Valentine was a Romanpriestand physician who endured martyrdom during the persecution of Christians by the emperorClaudius II Gothicusabout 270.

Other accounts refer to him as thebishopofTerni, Italy, who was martyred, probably also inRome, and whose remains were afterwards transferred to Terni, according to the accounts.

Valentine signed a letter “from your Valentine” to his jailer’s daughter, whom he had befriended and healed of blindness, with the words “from your Valentine.” An other version of the story claims that he broke the emperor’s instructions and secretly married couples in order to save the husbands from fighting in the war.

greeting cardAmerican valentine card, c.

Who was St. Valentine? Did he die for love? Where are his bones? (Video)

St. Valentine’s Day is a religious holiday celebrated in the Roman Catholic Church on February 14th to commemorate the patron saint of loves. (Greg Garrison can be reached at [email protected]) According to Christian legend, St. Valentine served as a priest in the city of Rome during the reign of Emperor Claudius II. Claudio was having trouble recruiting enough recruits for his army, which he blamed to the fact that men were unwilling to leave their wives and kids. “He intended to broaden his dominion,” said the Rev.

  • Valentine in its cathedral.
  • As a result, he did not want them to tie the knot.” As a result, Claudius prohibited weddings and engagements.
  • Valentine believed it was critical that sexuality be maintained within the confines of the sacrament of marriage as part of the new Christian religion that was being established.” Valentine ignored the ruling and proceeded to perform weddings despite the prohibition.
  • According to Christian legend, he was put to death on February 14, around 269 A.D.
  • Valentine died as a martyr in order to maintain the significance of love and marriage.
  • A gift from Pope Gregory to a Carmelite friar in Dublin in 1836 resulted in the shipment of the bones of St.
  • The church is a year-round destination for lovers who come to pray.
  • Rather, they seek the blessing of St.

Valentine in the hopes that his blessing would ensure that they remain together – commitment, perseverance, constancy, and, above all, belief in the sacrament of matrimony.” Please keep in mind that if you purchase something after clicking on one of our affiliate links, we may receive a fee.

Who was Saint Valentine? And why was he beheaded?

Valentine’s Day was established in honor of St. Valentine, who has come to be renowned as the patron saint of romantic relationships. There is very little information available about him because he was a fairly mercurial person. Who was St. Valentine, and how did he come to be the patron saint of loves in the midst of the month of February? A cherubic Cupid and an elderly pious gentleman with a pleasant grin may easily occupy the position, according to one’s imagination. Of course, the truth is a little more convoluted.

  • There were three of them.
  • Saint Valentine of Rome and Saint Valentine of Terni were both Italian saints, but the third, Saint Valentine of North Africa, lived in a Roman province in North Africa.
  • That would be the story of Saint Valentine of Rome, who was killed on February 14th, despite the fact that he had been blessed with good fortune in love.
  • Nonetheless, it’s possible that the legends of numerous Valentines were blended into one since the Latin name ‘Valentius’ (which translates as “worthy,’ “strong, and powerful”) was a prominent appellation at the period.
  • The Catholic Church itself has certain reservations regarding what really occurred during Saint Valentine’s life.

Valentine as a martyr like those whose names are justly revered among men, but whose deeds are known only to God, as follows: “those whose names are justly reverenced among men, but whose acts are known only to God.” When Pope Gelasius I designated February 14th as the day to commemorate the life of Saint Valentine, he was well aware of how little was known about the saint.

  1. Bart Zeitblom is the original artist (photo courtesy of Hulton Archive/Getty Images).
  2. Valentine of Rome was reputedly a temple priest who was beheaded near Rome by the anti-Christian Emperor Claudius II, who was also known as the “Antichrist.” What was the crime?
  3. Among the martyrs was St.
  4. While the possibility exists that St.
  5. Valentine of Rome were the same person, this has not been proven.
  6. It is said that the Roman Emperor used such drastic measures against Valentine because the saint attempted to persuade him to convert to Christianity in one historical version.
  7. In response, the emperor ordered that the victim be assaulted with clubs and stones, and he was later killed.

Valentine is said to be interred at a cemetery in the northern part of the city of Rome, together with one or two other saints.

Valentine’s Day is celebrated on February 14th.

When Pope Gelasius I consecrated February 14th to the saint and martyr Valentine, he did so in order to replace the ancient Roman feastLupercalia, which was a pagan celebration that was popular at the time, with the Christian feast.

The ancient fertility festival was distinguished by a slew of ceremonies, including foot races between nude men who were clothed in the skins of slaughtered goats.

The performance of another fertility ritual required a kid to pair couples at random who would then have to live together and be intimate for the entire following year in order to satisfy the fertility ceremony.

Valentine being designated as the patron saint of lovers.

As Benedictine monks expanded the celebration of St.

It is generally agreed that the poet Geoffrey Chaucer, in particular, is responsible for popularizing the concept of courtly romance via his poems, some of which are dedicated to St.

Writing ‘valentines’ to your significant other may be traced back to the same time period, with the first known example reaching back to the 15th century.

(1415).

Valentine’s Day in a romantic setting as part of his play “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” in which he mentions the holiday.

Large-scale marketing and production of greeting cards began with the Industrial Revolution, which began in the mid-19th century and continued until the early twentieth century.

In other words, while the actual St. Valentine was most likely tortured and executed on February 14th, his sacrifice for the Christian religion has resulted in the celebration of Valentine’s Day that we know and love today.

The ‘real’ St. Valentine was no patron of love

Valentine’s Day is celebrated on February 14th, when sweethearts of all ages will exchange greeting cards, flowers, sweets, and other extravagant gifts in the honor of St. Valentine. However, as a scholar of Christian history, I can assure you that at the heart of our modern celebration is a wonderful fantasy that deserves to be celebrated. St. Valentine was not a lover or a saint of love in the traditional sense. It is really believed that Valentine’s Day started as a liturgical celebration commemorating a third-century Christian martyr, or maybe two, who were beheaded.

Early origins of St. Valentine

It has been discovered that multiple Saint Valentines died on February 14th, according to ancient texts. Two of them were executed during the reign of Roman Emperor Claudius Gothicus, from 269 to 270 A.D., during a time when persecution of Christians was widespread throughout the Roman world. What evidence do we have to support this? Because a monastic order of Belgian monks spent three centuries gathering evidence for the lives of saints from manuscript archives all around the known world, resulting in the publication of the Saints’ Lives.

Using every scrap of information they could find on every saint listed on the liturgical calendar, they reproduced the texts in the order in which the saint’s feast day fell on the calendar.

The Valentine martyrs

It is the stories of a handful of “Valentini” that are included in the volume that includes February 14, including the first three of whom died in the third century. An epileptic receives a benediction from St. Valentine. Images courtesy of Wellcome Images, CC BY Valentinus, along with 24 other warriors, is claimed to have died in Africa while he was a child. Unfortunately, not even the Bollandists were able to uncover any further information on him. As the monks understood, sometimes all that the saints left behind wasa name and day of death.

The tale of Valentinus, which was repeated in the “Acta” and was accompanied with Bollandist criticism of the narrative’s historical relevance, tells of a Roman priest called Valentinus who was captured during the reign of Emperor Gothicus and placed in the care of an aristocrat named Asterius.

  • Father Valentinus went on and on about Christ bringing pagans out of the shadow of death and into the light of truth and redemption, and he did not stop talking.
  • Valentinus clasped his hands over the girl’s eyes andchanted:“Lord Jesus Christ, en-lighten your handmaid, since you are God, the True Light.” It’s as simple as that.
  • Asterius was baptized together with his entire family.
  • Valentinus, on the other hand, was the only one who was decapitated.

A devout widow, nevertheless, made off with his body andhad it buried at the siteof his execution on theVia Flaminia, the ancient roadway extending from Rome to present-day Rimini. Later, a chapel was constructed over the bones of the saint.

St. Valentine was not a romantic

Valentinus was a bishop in the Italian city of Terni, in the province of Umbria, during the third century. St. Valentine is on his knees. David Teniers III is the son of David Teniers II. According to an equally shady narrative, Terni’s bishop found himself in a similar scenario to the other Valentinus when he debated a possible convert and then healed his kid. It is also quite similar to the remainder of the story: he, too, was executed on the orders of Emperor Gothicus, and his body was buried along the Via Flaminia.

  1. Regardless matter whether they were African, Roman, or Umbrian, none of the Valentines appears to have been very amorous.
  2. Valentine as executing Christian marriage ceremonies or as transferring messages between Christian lovers imprisoned by Gothicus, among other things.
  3. However, as the Bollandists pointed out, none of these medieval legends had any historical basis in third-century history.
  4. Valentine performs the baptism of St.
  5. Jacopo Bassano is a composer from Italy (Jacopo da Ponte) However, historical accuracy did not have much of an impact on the beliefs of medieval Christians.
  6. To be true, several separate churches and monasteries across medieval Europe claimed to hold fragments of St.
  7. The church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome, for example, still has a whole skull on display.
  8. Peter and Paul in Prague, Saint Mary’s Assumption in Chelmno, Poland, as well as churches in Malta, Birmingham, Glasgow, and the Greek island of Lesbos have claimed to own slivers and bits of one or more of St.
  9. For believers, relics of the martyrs indicated the saints’ maintaining their unseen presence among communities of pious Christians.
  10. However, as far as we know, the saint’s bones did nothing extraordinary for those who were in love.
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Unlikely pagan origins

Books, essays, and blog posts have all been written by researchers deconstructing Valentine and his day. Some believe that the present event is a Christian reinterpretation of the more ancient Roman festival of Lupercalia, which takes place in mid-February. When Lupercalia first began as a rural male cult ceremony involving the sacrifice of goats and dogs, it was considered a rite of passage; nevertheless, it eventually transformed into an urban carnival. While the celebrations were going on, half-naked young men rushed through the streets of Rome, streaking people with thongs made from the skins of freshly slaughtered goats.

Pope Gelasius, on the other hand, is said to have chastised the boisterous event in 496 A.D. But there is no indication that the Pope intended to replace Lupercalia with the more tranquil religion of the martyred Saint Valentine or any other Christian festival on design, as has been suggested.

Chaucer and the love birds

The connection between St. Valentinus and love most likely emerged more than a thousand years after the martyrs’ deaths, when Geoffrey Chaucer, author of “The Canterbury Tales,” dedicated the February feast of St. Valentinus to the mating of birds. “For this occurred on the day of Seynt Volantynys,” he wrote in his “Parlement of Foules.” When every bryd comes to chese his craft,” says the narrator. During Chaucer’s time period, it appears that English birds coupled off around February to create eggs.

Example: In February 1415, the French Duke of Orléans, who had spent several years as a prisoner at the Tower of London, wrote to his wife and expressed his displeasure with love (by which he meant lovesick.) He also referred to her as his “very kind Valentine.” The concept of February mating was well received by English audiences.

It was made simpler by industrialization, which generated mass-produced graphic cards decorated with smarmy poetry.

Valentine’s Day sweets are available.

Merchants pack their shelves with Valentine’s Day sweets, jewelry, and other Cupid-related goods, all of which beg the question, “Be My Valentine.” This desire does not need the killing of the majority of lovers.

Invisible Valentines

It appears that the formerly venerated saint who inspired the festival of love has become as elusive as love itself. In spite of this, as St. Augustine, the famous fifth-century theologian and philosopher, stated in his dissertation on “Faith in Invisible Things,” “someone does not have to be standing in front of our eyes in order for us to be in love with them.” St. Valentine and his renown as the patron saint of love, like love itself, are not things of historical fact, but rather matters of faith.

St. Valentine: Executed for Love

In 270 C.E., Valentine was clubbed to death and then beheaded on February 14, as part of a Christian persecution. In a manner, it may be claimed that he died for love, and it is possible that this is why his feast day, which was instituted by Pope Gelasius in 496 C.E., has come to be connected with romance.” Who knows what Love’s involvement is in all of this. What we can say is that if you are opposed to the death sentence, please join up here right now, or even better, make a donation here, or via PayPal, here!

  • It’s really interesting!
  • Every year, on the eve of February, love notes or “billets” would be delivered to the homes of partner men and women in preparation for feasting and sexual games.
  • In an effort to keep the erotic celebrations under control, the Christian church persuaded people to replace the names of saints for the names of gods.
  • In what should have come as no surprise, this more conservative form of Lupercalia was met with widespread hostility and ultimately died out quickly.
  • Valentine (Valentinus).
  • The only kink in the works was Valentinus himself, who was a chaste man who had never been instructed in the art of love.
  • Valentine’s life tale a little bit in order to make the chaste saint more acceptable to lovers.

Although it’s possible that things didn’t turn out this way, it definitely makes for a more interesting narrative.

Valentinus was apprehended in the act and imprisoned before being condemned to death for covertly conducting many marriage ceremonies.

The unfortunate girl fell head over heels in love with Valentinus, but she was unable to help him.

Of course, the message was signed, “From your Valentine,” as was customary.

270 upset the emperor Claudius II*, who had issued an edict prohibiting marriage at the time.

Claudius prohibited marriage because the empire was in desperate need of warriors.

When Claudius learnt of this “friend of lovers,” he immediately ordered the bishop to be taken to the palace.

Valentine refused to give up his Christian faith and made a daring attempt to convert the emperor to Christianity.

He was able to magically restore her sight as a result of his faith.

Around the year 270 C.E., Valentine was clubbed to death and then decapitated on the 14th of February as part of a Christian persecution.

Here’san official Catholic version.

The following is a history of St.

Thank you to Abe for granting us permission to reprint it here.) And while you’re here, be sure to check out the t-shirts! More designs may be found at

Today in History February 14 278 ~ St. Valentine is beheaded

History In the year 278 A.D., Valentine, a holy priest in Rome during the reign of Emperor Claudius II, was put to death by the Roman authorities. The Roman Empire was embroiled in a number of controversial and violent campaigns under the reign of Claudius the Cruel. In order to maintain a robust army, the emperor needed men to join his military leagues, but he was having difficulty recruiting soldiers to his military leagues. The reason, according to Claudius, was that Roman males were averse to joining the army due of their deep loyalty to their spouses and families.

  • Valentine, seeing that the edict was unjust, resisted Claudius and proceeded to perform weddings for young couples in secret, despite the opposition of the Roman government.
  • Valentine was apprehended and hauled before the Prefect of Rome, who sentenced him to death by clubbing and beheading after being beaten to death with clubs.
  • Saint Valentine is also said to have written a parting message for the jailer’s daughter, who had become his friend while imprisoned, and signed it “From Your Valentine.” Valentine was canonized after his death in recognition of his outstanding service.
  • Valentine are still a mystery to this day.
  • The origins of the martyr’s name’s association with romance are disputed among historians.
  • A box with the names of young ladies was placed in the room, and the names were taken from it as the men deemed fit by chance.
  • Valentine’s Day evolved into a day for sharing love notes, poetry, and simple presents such as flowers as the years went by.

History February 14 278

The Roman saint Saint Valentine, officially known as Saint Valentine of Rome, was born in the third century and is commemorated on February 14 each year. Since the High Middle Ages, he has been associated with a tradition of courtly love.

The name of the saint remembered on February 14 is all that is reliably known about him, together with the fact that he was killed and buried in a cemetery north of Rome on that day. It is unclear if Saint Valentine was a single man or a pseudonym for a number of people.

Connection to Today

Today, we send and receive cards expressing our feelings of love and appreciation for one another. Historically, on this day, February 14, 269, a young man named Valentine was killed in Rome for his religious beliefs, according to legend. The question is: what does our exchanging of emotive greeting cards have to do with a martyr from the third century? Actually, there isn’t much of a link between the two. Valentine was crucified the day before the paganic celebration of Februata Juno, during which boys chose names of girls who had committed acts of sexual promiscuity, which was held the next day.

  1. No one has a definitive answer.
  2. We don’t know much about any of them, if anything at all.
  3. He was commemorated by the naming of a city gate on the Flaminian Way, as well as a church nearby.
  4. No doubt he survived and was tortured before being beaten with clubs and then decapitated, which is without dispute.

The Many Legends of Valentine

A young guy with a compassionate heart, according to some, this Valentine was instrumental in the aiding of Christians who were being executed as martyrs. At the time, he was not even a practicing Christian. He was arrested for his efforts, and while in prison he converted to Christianity, which he refused to abandon. Having realized he was about to die, he penned letters to his pals in which he asked them to “Remember your Valentine.” The Roman Valentine, according to another tale, was a priest who broke Emperor Claudius’ temporary decree and secretly married couples so that their husbands would not be forced to fight in the Roman Civil War.

  1. In a different narrative, the Roman Valentine is described as a priest who refused to provide sacrifices to pagan deities.
  2. She received a message from him on the day of his execution, which he signed, “Your Valentine.” At one point in time during the Middle Ages, it was widely thought that birds mate around the middle of February.
  3. The tales or not, Valentine’s Day has evolved into a day when people celebrate love and friendship with one another.
  4. Valentine of Rome from the year 2014.
  1. “The History of Valentine’s Day,” says the narrator. Hutchinson, Ruth, and Adams, Ruth (www.historychannel.com/exhibits/valentine/history.html)
  2. History Channel (http://www.historychannel.com). Every day is a holiday in this country. Thurston, Herbert. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1951. Thurston, Herbert. The Catholic Encyclopedia has a page on St. Valentine. “Valentine, Saint.” Encyclopedia Americana, 1914, New York: Robert Appleton. “Valentine, Saint.” “Valentine, Saint,” Encyclopedia Americana, inc., Chicago, 1956
  3. “Valentine, Saint.” Encyclopedia Britannica is a reputable reference work. “Valentine, St.” is from Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., published in Chicago in 1967. The Christian Church, according to the Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. F. L. Cross and E. A. Livingstone collaborated on the editing of this volume. Oxford University Press, 1997
  4. A number of online articles
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The most recent update was made in May of 2007.

History of St. Valentine

What was the life of Saint Valentine like, and how did he come to be the inspiration for Valentine’s Day? In the early martyrologies, three separate St. Valentines are mentioned,all sharing Feb. 14 for a feast day. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of historical evidence. St. Valentine was born in Rome and trained as a priest and physician. Healong with St. Marius and his family comforted the martyrs during the persecutionof Emperor Claudius II, the Goth. After a while, St. Valentine was caught, condemned to death for his beliefs, tortured with clubs, and eventually decapitated on February 14, AD 270.

  • Several centuries later, Pope Julius I (333-356) constructed a basilica on the site, which still houses St.
  • Evidence of the tomb of St.
  • He was canonized in the thirteenth century and his remains were moved to the Church of Saint Praxedes, which is located near the Basilica of St.
  • Another notable addition is the construction of a small church near the Flaminian Gate of Rome, which is now known as the Porta del Popolo but was known as “the Gate of St.
  • 1143), who is second only to St.
  • The Bishop of Interamna was the second St.
  • According to Prefect Placidus’s instructions, he was detained, scourged, and beheaded as well, and he was subjected to persecution once again under the reign of Emperor Claudius II.
  • Valentine was martyred in Africa around the fourth century.
  • All all, seven individuals, each of whom was known as St.
  • When it comes to the widespread rituals of demonstrating love and devotion on St.

When it came to choosing his spouse on Seynt Valentyne’s day, Chaucer wrote in his “Parliament of Foules” (in Old English): “For this was on Seynt Valentyne’s day, When every foul comethther to pick his mate.” The day was therefore designated as “lovers’ day” and encouraged the exchange of letters, presents, and other tokens of devotion.

Valentine’s day and every bird choosethhimself a mate, and if it like you to come on Thursday night, and makeprovision that you may abide until then, I trust to God that ye shall speak to my husband and I shall pray that we may bring the matter to a conclusion.” Another literary example of St.

I recommend myself to you, right reverend and worshipful, as well as my right well beloved Valentine, with a heartfelt wish to hear about your well-being, which I implore Almighty God to keep safe till His pleasure and your heart’s desire.” While discussing the romantic undertones of Valentine’s Day, no mention is made of St.

  • It appears that the exchange of “valentines” is the consequence of secular tradition, not the remembrance of St.
  • The love of our Lord, which is vividly expressed in the picture of His most Sacred Heart, is a love that is self-less, unconditional, and self-sacrificing.
  • Clearly, St.
  • On this Valentine’s Day, each individual should renew his or her love for the Lord, following in the footsteps of this great saint, for only in doing so can he or she truly love those who have been committed to his or her care, as well as any other neighbor.
  • Remember what Jesus said: “Never forget who you are.” “Love one another in the same way that I have loved you, is my mandate.

There is no greater love than this: to give one’s life for the sake of one’s companions ” (Jn 15:12-13). This mandate was carried out by St. Valentine, and we should strive to do the same.

Acknowledgement

a Reverend William Saunders “The Life and Times of Saint Valentine.” The Arlington Catholic Herald is a newspaper published in Arlington, Virginia. Unless otherwise stated, this piece is reproduced with permission from the Arlington Catholic Herald.

The Author

Pastor of Our Lady of Hope church in Potomac Falls, Virginia, Father William Saunders is a native of the United Kingdom. Currently, he serves as dean of Christendom College’s Notre Dame Graduate School. The preceding item is an excerpt from a “Straight Answers” column he wrote for the Arlington Catholic Herald in Arlington, Virginia. Straight Answers, a book based on 100 of Father Saunders’ columns, and Straight Answers II are among the books written by Father Saunders. Arlington Catholic Herald (Arlington, Virginia, 2003).

Who was Saint Valentine and why was he executed? love letters explained

Around 145 million cards are sent each year from lovers and spouses, with 25 million of them being sent in the United Kingdom.

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However, the history behind this date is really extremely gruesome, since it involves Saint Valentine in the year 269 AD. Written letters to the daughter of his captor’s daughter, inscribed “from your valentine,” were sent by Saint Valentine (Picture: Shutterstock) Here’s what we know about Saint Valentine, as well as why we commemorate his life on February 14th each year. Who was Saint Valentine, and what was his significance? Valentine was a priest or bishop in Rome around the third century after Christ, and he was known as the “Saint Valentine.” He is said to have been imprisoned by Roman emperor Claudius II as a result of his deception and refusal to comply with the emperor’s instructions to cease conducting Christian weddings.

  1. The Roman emperor Claudius had legislated against Christian doctrine because he did not want people to worship anybody else except himself.
  2. His friendship with Claudius became stronger, but when he attempted to convert the emperor to Christianity, he was sentenced to death.
  3. Claudius’ daughter is not believed to have had an intimate relationship with Saint Valentine, according to tradition.
  4. Pope Gelasius designated February 14th as Saint Valentine’s Day in 496 AD to commemorate the Christian martyr who died on this day.
  5. Saint Valentine was venerated as a patron saint of love and passion during the upper middle ages (1000-1250 AD).
  6. This features an artwork from a French 14th-century book depicting Valentine supervising the construction of his church in Terni, Italy.
  7. He is still revered as a saint by the Catholic Church, and his feast day is celebrated on the anniversary of his death, on February 14, which is his death anniversary.
  8. Lover’s Day is celebrated on February 14th, and Valentine is the patron saint of epilepsy and beekeepers.
  9. As a result of the legend that he signed his farewell letter with the words “from your Valentine,” the custom of sending and receiving anonymous Valentine cards, letters, and poetry from lovers began.
  10. “For this was despatched on Seynt Valentyne’s day / When every foul cometh ther to pick his mate,” he said.
  11. Valentine’s Day will be celebrated by roughly 75% of individuals in the United Kingdom, with millenials spending the most – approximately £32 per person.

A quarter of couples who are not living together will break lockdown to visit their spouse this year, according to Finder.co.uk, while others will arrange Zoom evenings and look forward to being together later in the year.

10 Facts About Saint Valentine

Valentine, a Roman priest who lived in the year 270, was stoned to death and then decapitated on February 14, 270. Saint Valentine’s Day was established on February 14th, 496, by Pope Gelasius in commemoration of his sacrifice. For hundreds of years, St. Valentine has been connected with romance, love, and devotion among men and women. Despite this, nothing is known about his existence – it is not even clear whether he was a single individual or a pair of individuals. Here are some interesting facts about the man who created Valentine’s Day.

1. He was a 3rd century Roman clergyman

According to most traditions, St. Valentine was a cleric — either a priest or a bishop – in the Roman Empire around the third century. He was killed somewhere about the year 270, during a widespread persecution of Christians. According to the 1493 edition of the ‘Nuremberg Chronicle,’ he was flogged with clubs and eventually executed for assisting Christians in Italy. According to ‘The Golden Legend’ of 1260, St. Valentine refused to reject Christ before the emperorClaudius II Gothicus(214-270), and as a result, he was beheaded outside the Flaminian Gate.

2. He had the power of healing

According to one common narrative, St. Valentine was a previous bishop of Terni, which is located in central Italy. The two men discussed their various religious beliefs while each were placed under house arrest by Judge Asterius. St. Valentine was visited by Asterius, who brought his adopted blind daughter to him and requested him to assist her in seeing again. Valentine, who was praying to God, placed his hands on the kid’s eyes, and the youngster was able to see again. The judge was immediately humiliated and converted to Christianity, becoming baptized, and releasing all of his Christian captives, including Valentine, in the process.

The Road To Rome, a documentary narrated by Sir Ian McKellen, follows the trip of three historical fiction authors as they walk from Naples to Rome disguised as Roman soldiers in order to collect money for charity.

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3. “From Your Valentine” originates from a letter of his

Years after his release, Valentine was caught for evangelism once more and imprisoned before being handed over to Claudius II. Apparently, the emperor took a fancy to him, at least until Valentine attempted to persuade him to convert to Christianity. Valentine refused and was sentenced to death by Claudius, who demanded that he either forsake his religion or face the consequences of his actions.

A message to Asterius’ daughter was written on the day of his execution, and it was addressed to the kid whom he had healed of blindness and befriended. His signature on the letter was “from your Valentine,” according to mythology.

4. His skull is on display in Rome

Rome’s Santa Maria in Cosmedin Church, where a relic of St. Valentine can be seen (Photo courtesy of Dnalor 01 and Creative Commons). According to the official history of the Diocese of Terni, Valentine’s body was quickly buried in a cemetery close to where he was killed before his disciples were able to recover his body and bring him back to his hometown of Terni. The discovery of skeleton bones and other relics related with St. Valentine came about as a result of the excavation of a catacomb near Rome in the early nineteenth century.

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Its head, which has been embellished with flowers, may be seen on display in the Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosemedin in Rome, and other pieces of his bones can be seen in the United Kingdom (Scotland), France, Ireland, and the Czech Republic.

5. His blood was gifted by Pope Gregory XVI

In 1836, the Carmelite priest John Spratt received a gift from Pope Gregory XVI (1765-1846) that contained a “small jar stained” with the blood of St. Valentine. The gift was from Pope Gregory XVI (1765-1846). Thereafter, the gift was transported to the Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church in Dublin, where it is still on display today. The church continues to be a popular destination for pilgrims, especially on St. Valentine’s Day, when individuals seeking love go to the chapel in droves.

6. He is the patron saint of epilepsy

St. Valentine’s sacramental responsibilities do not end with interceding for loving couples and marriages. As well as beekeepers and travelers, he is also the patron saint of epilepsy, the plague, fainting, and the occult.

7. He may have been two different people

Pope Gelasius I questioned St. Valentine’s identification as early as 496, referring to him and his actions as “known only to God.” He also referred to him and his actions as “known only to God.” The ‘Catholic Encyclopaedia’ and other hagiographical texts refer to three distinct Saint Valentines who occur in association with the 14th of February in different places. Valentine is described as a temple priest who was murdered in Rome for assisting Christian couples in their marriage according to one 15th century source.

While the two legends are similar, there was enough dispute about his identity that the Catholic Church decided to suspend liturgical worship of him in 1969.

8. There are actually many St. Valentines

In Late Antiquity, the name “Valentinus” – derived from the Latin wordvalens, which means “strong, honorable, and powerful” – became popular. The Roman Catholic Church commemorates around 11 more saints who have the name Valentine, or a variant thereof, in addition to St. Valentine. The most recent Valentine to be beautified was St. Valentine Berrio-Ochoa of Ellorio, Spain, who served as bishop in Vietnam until he was executed in 1861. He was the most recent Valentine to be beautified. There was also a Pope Valentine, who reigned for two months in 827 and was the first pope to do so.

The saint we commemorate on Valentine’s Day is formally known as St. Valentine of Rome, in order to distinguish him from the other St. Valentines who have also been commemorated. The Lupercalian Festival in Rome, created by the Adam Eisheimer Circle (photo courtesy of Christie’s).

9. His association with love began in the Middle Ages

Since the Middle Ages, St. Valentine’s Day has been connected with the tradition of courtly love and courtly courtship. According to popular belief, birds began mating in the middle of February. Every year during this time period, 14 February is commemorated as a day that brought lovers together, with the most lyrical reference being “the birds and the bees.” According to historians Alban Butler and Francis Douce from the 18th century, Valentine’s Day was most likely invented to supplant the pagan festival Lupercalia, which was celebrated on February 14th.

Now is a good time to listen

10. Valentine’s Day may have been an invention by Chaucer

Prior to Chaucer’s ‘Parlement of Foules’, which was published in 1375, there is no concrete proof of the amorous celebrations that took place on 14 February. Using his poem, Chaucer linked the celebration of St. Valentine’s Day, when birds – and humans – gathered together to find a mate, to a tradition of courtly love that had existed for hundreds of years. The following is what he wrote:For this was sent on the day of Seynt Valentyne / When every vile cometh ther to pick his mate By the 1400s, nobility who had been influenced by Chaucer were penning poetry known as “valentines” to express their feelings for their love interests.

St. Valentine: How a beheaded martyr became the poster child for romantic love

February 9, 2020 at 16:26 (CST) in Chicago, Illinois A abundance of pink and red greeting cards, heart-shaped boxes of Russell Stover chocolates, and décor featuring nearly-naked chubby cherubs shooting hearts with bows and arrows can be seen in most stores in the weeks leading up to St. Valentine’s Day. As a Christian martyr, the actual Saint Valentine was bludgeoned to death and decapitated for his belief in the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Another difference is that it is a long cry from an early Roman fertility festival, which was also celebrated on February 14, in which men rushed through the streets slapping ladies with the flesh of recently-sacrificed animals.

  • According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, at least three separate St.
  • There are also reports of an African St.
  • It’s possible that the St.
  • One source claims that St.
  • Both of these individuals were harassed and eventually executed because of their religious beliefs, and their bodies were buried somewhere along the Flaminian Way.
  • Father Brendan Lupton, associate professor of church history at Mundelein Seminary in Illinois, believes that he was either a martyred Roman priest and physician, or the Bishop of Terni, Italy, who was also martyred in Rome, around 270 A.D.
  • “He was either a Roman priest and physician, or the Bishop of Terni, Italy,” he says.

After being imprisoned for a period of time, he was beaten and eventually decapitated, according to the majority of stories.

His skull is presently housed at the Basilica of Santa Maria in Rome, where it is festooned with flower crowns on the day of his commemoration.

Valentine was one of the earliest Christian martyrs.

“Inflation was quite high throughout this period.

Throughout the country, there was a lot of political turmoil.

Prior to it, there had been local persecutions, but they had been limited and sporadic in nature.” Some Valentine’s Day customs, such as the sharing of cards and the celebration of romantic love, may be traced back to St.

‘One (story) was that he had met the jailer’s daughter at the jail where he was imprisoned, and that after his death, he left her a note etched with the words ‘From your Valentine,'” Lupton explained.

Valentine’s Day letters, which he used to write to other Christians while imprisoned.

In his opinion, if soldiers were married, they would be less loyal to the army, which was particularly important at the time since they wanted as many men as possible.

Another reason why St.

In addition, St.

Lupercalia was a popular feast celebrated in Rome during which a group of pagan priests would sacrifice various types of animals and then run through the streets of the city, slapping young women with the hides of the sacrificed animals, a ritual that was believed to ensure their health and fertility for the rest of the year.

  • Parts of Valentine’s Day have absolutely nothing to do with the genuine St.
  • So he did not go about shooting people with bows and arrows (or even hearts, for that matter), as some people believe he did.
  • He also did not give chocolates to his loved ones; in fact, the actual St.
  • Christians, on the other hand, may still benefit from the example of St.

Valentine, according to Lupton, even if they are not in danger of physical martyrdom. “You might say that in certain respects, even if few Christians are called to martyrdom, there is an element of self-sacrifice and self-renunciation in practically every act of love,” he added.

He Lived and Died for Love the Real Story behind Valentine’s Day

Most likely, on Valentine’s Day, you will either give or get a Valentine from a friend or loved one. More than a billion dollars is likely to be distributed just within the United States. Who is it that receives Valentine’s Day cards? According to Hallmark Cards, the following groups of individuals are the most likely to get them: teachers, children, moms, wives, and sweethearts. According to the Hartz pet food manufacturer, just 3% of pet owners would even offer a Valentine’s Day gift to their dogs this year.

What creates a sense of coziness is the tale that surrounds the occasion itself.

Imperial control over the Roman Empire came to an end in the third century under Emperor Claudius II Gothicus.

As a matter of fact, he became involved in so many battles throughout the third century that he was having difficulty enlisting enough men to fight in them.

Because of the actions of a dictator, the aspirations of many couples for marriage were crushed.

Taking a Stand for Love Valentine, a modest Christian priest, was the one who came forth and spoke out in defense of love.

Emperor Claudius learned of the secret ceremonies in 269 AD, and he was furious.

During his imprisonment, Valentine fell in love with a blind girl who happened to be the jailer’s daughter, and the two were engaged.

According to legend, his words enabled the blind woman to sight once again.

St.

They may have slain the guy, but they were unable to extinguish his spirit.

Following his canonization, the Catholic Church established a feast day to commemorate his life and accomplishments.

It may come as a surprise to learn that Valentine’s Day is based on the notion of love in marriage, but this is true.

While sending a gift and a card, hosting a candlelight dinner, and exchanging special words of love on Valentine’s Day are all significant, the genuine spirit of the holiday must linger throughout the rest of the year as well.

Set out a date night every week or two on your calendars–just to spend time together and speak about nothing in particular.

When was the last time you and your friends laughed as you told a hilarious tale to each other?

Live life with a smile on your face!

Find a sport or activity that you and your partner will both love, such as fishing, bowling, tennis, hiking, or bicycling.

Send your spouse a message of encouragement in the mail once in a while, just to express your affection for him or her.

(There are no pals permitted.) While Valentine’s Day is an excellent time to rekindle the flames of a healthy relationship, the best way to keep the flames burning brightly is for every day to be a Hallmark moment in your relationship.

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