What Is The Life Expectancy Of A Saint Bernard


Saint Bernard Lifespan: How Long Do Saint Bernards Live?

The Saint Bernard, also known as the St. Bernard, is a large-sized dog breed that was developed for the purpose of protecting the Hospice in the Great St Bernard Pass as well as assisting in the recovery of injured or missing passengers. They are a large working breed that originated in the Western Alps of Switzerland and Italy and has grown to tremendous proportions. Bernard of Menthon, an Italian monk, was the inspiration for the name St. Bernard. It is well-known for its vast size and for stories of alpine rescues that have taken place there.

However, the issue is, on average, how long do they live?

Bernards, the frequent health conditions to which they are prone, and how we may help them live longer lives.

How Long Do St. BernardsUsually Live?

Saint Bernards have an average life expectancy of 8 to 10 years, depending on the breed. Because of their enormous size, they have a significantly shorter lifetime than many other dog breeds. Their large size causes them to age more quickly and to be more susceptible to certain health conditions such as hip dysplasia and arthritis, both of which shorten their life expectancy. Due to the fact that the St. Bernard is a big breed, its average lifespan is significantly less than the average lifespan of dogs in general (around 10 to 13 years).

  • One of the primary reasons for the shorter lifetime of bigger or gigantic breeds is the vast size of their bodies.
  • Another reason is that they are more likely than smaller breeds to acquire age-related health issues like as heart disease at a younger age.
  • Similar to how a big man or woman puts themselves at danger by shortening their life as a result of attaining exceptional weight, this is true.
  • Furthermore, bigger breeds mature more quickly, which means they grow at a faster rate.
  • Bernards have an average lifetime of 8 to 10 years, there have been instances where they have survived for more than ten years.

Common Health Problems of St. Bernards

We are all aware that every breed, especially the St. Bernard, is prone to certain health problems. Large breeds of dogs, such as St. Bernards, are at risk for a number of health problems that can shorten their life expectancy significantly. It is critical for their dog parents to be able to identify and recognize the signs and symptoms of the typical health problems that their dogs are prone to as soon as they appear.

Early detection of many disorders does, in fact, enhance the likelihood of treatment success. The following are some of the probable health hazards or concerns that might shorten the lifespan of a St. Bernard:

  • Cataracts, Canine Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM), Epilepsy, Entropion, Elbow Dysplasia, Hip Dysplasia, and other medical conditions.


Acataractis is an opacity in the lens of a dog’s eye that causes him to have difficulty seeing clearly or perceiving things correctly in certain situations. If the cataract is minor, it will have little effect on the dog’s eyesight, but if it becomes too large, it can cause the dog to become blind. The most noticeable sign of cataracts is a foggy look to the eyes, which gives the impression of a layer in front of the eyes. It is more common in older dogs, which indicates that the likelihood of having this condition grows with age in dogs.

Canine Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM)

Canine Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a cardiac ailment in which the muscles of the heart become exceedingly thin and feeble, preventing them from contracting appropriately. As a result, the heart has to work harder than it did previously in order to pump blood throughout the body, causing it to become larger. In addition to showing indicators of heart failure, such as weight loss, depression, and loss of appetite, dogs with this condition also have trouble breathing, a mild cough, and an expanded belly.


It is a neurological condition that produces spontaneous, repeated seizures in both males and females of all breeds, and it affects both genders equally. There are two forms of epilepsy: primary epilepsy and secondary epilepsy. Primary epilepsy is the most common type of epilepsy. The condition known as primary epilepsy is regarded to be a hereditary or genetic ailment in which a dog has seizures on a regular basis. Uncontrolled, recurrent, and rapid electrical disturbances take place in the brain during a seizure, which leads in many sorts of brain disorders.


Another eye condition is entropion, which means “turning inward.” Eyelid rolling inward is a disorder that occurs when the eyelids roll inward owing to the rubbing of hair on the cornea. It can result in irritation, discomfort, corneal ulcers, perforation, and the development of pigments in the eyes. It is regarded to be a hereditary condition that may be passed down from one generation to the next and is fairly frequent in the St. Bernard breed of dogs.

Elbow Dysplasia

Elbow dysplasia is a joint ailment characterized by a number of developmental anomalies in the elbow joint’s development. In this illness, the elbow joint, particularly the cartilages and the tissues around the joint, grow improperly, causing pain and swelling. The term “Primary Lesion” refers to these abnormalities of the joints. elbow dysplasia is thought to be caused by a combination of factors including heredity, trauma, diet, and a defect in cartilage formation.

Elbow dysplasia is a hereditary illness that may be passed down through families, however it is considerably more frequent in big to gigantic breed dogs, such as the St. Bernard, than in smaller breeds.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a condition that affects dogs of virtually all breeds and is believed to be the most frequent ailment in dogs. Ankylosis distalis is a disorder in which the socket and balls of the hind legs do not fit together properly. Hip dysplasia can develop in your dog as early as five months of age, or it can develop at any period in your dog’s life. When you have hip dysplasia, the most common symptom you may experience is soreness in your back leg. Hip dysplasia, like elbow dysplasia, is a condition that affects big breed dogs and is heritable, just like elbow dysplasia.

Bernard has a greater risk of developing this condition.

It can be provided to your St.

Factors Affecting the Lifespan of a St. Bernard

The issue now is, what are the elements that influence the longevity of your St. Bernard? A variety of factors, including hereditary and environmental influences, can influence how long your St. Bernard will remain with you and how happy he is. As dog lovers, we always hope that our beloved friend will be able to spend as much time with us as possible. But, before we do that, it’s important to understand what factors are truly determining their lifetime. Below are some of the most important characteristics that might influence the life expectancy of a St.

  • Breed and genetic characteristics
  • Family medical history
  • Height and weight
  • Way of life

Breed and Genetic Factors

It is critical to understand that the longevity of your dog is heavily influenced by the breed and genetic history of the animal. Certain dog breeds have significantly longer lives than others, owing to a variety of hereditary reasons. Large size breeds, on average, have longer lives than smaller size breeds, owing to the fact that large size dogs develop quicker and are more susceptible to health issues. For example, the lifetime of a St. Bernard is much lower than that of a tiny breed like the Chihuahua.

Mixed or crossbred dogs are also thought to have longer lives than purebred dogs, according to some research.


It is not simply the size of the breed that is most important. But there is also a difference in size within a breed. According to the American Kennel Club (AKC), a dog’s life expectancy decreases by a month for every 4.4-pound increase in body mass that the dog has. This implies that if your dog is overweight or obese, it may have a much shorter life expectancy.

Family Medical History

The health history of a dog’s family is extremely important in influencing the length of their general lifespan. Genetic defects from the parents are easily passed on to their offspring through their offspring. That is to say, an ill dog suffering from a variety of ailments may give birth to pups that have a high likelihood of contracting the same diseases as their parents do.

Because of this, dogs with severe genetic abnormalities such as degenerative myelopathy and heart disease are not permitted to reproduce.


Your dog’s way of life speaks a lot about him. Your St. Bernard’s life expectancy is influenced by his or her way of life, as well as the environment in which they live. It encompasses the individual’s nutrition, physical activity, and training, as well as the environment in which they live. These subfactors have an impact on their overall pleasure. If you provide proper care for your dog, it will live happier, healthier, and for a longer period of time than the average lifetime.

Ways to Improve the Lifespan of St. Bernard

The fact that one human year is comparable to seven canine years is well-known to us. If a man lives for one year, then the dog has lived for the equivalent of seven years, according to this formula. As dog lovers, we can always do something to make our canine companions’ lives a little bit easier and longer. Here are some tried and true methods that have been shown to assist people enhance their quality of life and lengthen their lives:

  • Feed them a nutritious and well-balanced food. Exercise on a regular basis
  • Veterinary appointments and vaccines on a regular basis
  • Provide a living environment that is safe and healthy

Feed Them a Healthy and Balanced Diet

If you want to keep your St. Bernard healthy, you must provide him with a high-quality meal that has the appropriate number of nutrients to meet his nutritional requirements. The nutritional requirements of an individual are determined by their body weight, gender, degree of exercise, and overall health. As a result, we recommend that you speak with a veterinary nutritionist to establish a meal plan that is tailored to your St. Bernard’s needs in order to achieve a healthy lifestyle for your St Bernard.

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Regular Exercise

Exercise, especially when done in a healthy and proactive manner, can also assist to extend the longevity of your St. Bernard. Regular exercise makes him happy and active, which in turn provides them with an inner feeling of drive and a sense of love for their lives. Exercises can also help to strengthen the muscles in your dog’s body. It is preferable for a dog to have strong muscles in the early stages of its life in order to be able to cope with the aging process. The elements that influence a dog’s lifetime have already been explored, and it has been shown that an overweight dog has a lower life expectancy than one that is of a healthy weight.

Regular Veterinary Visits and Vaccinations

Early detection of the illness can significantly increase the longevity of your dog. It is only feasible if you provide excellent care for your pup’s health and take him to the veterinarian on a regular basis. Additionally, you should become familiar with their most prevalent health issues so that you can spot the signs and symptoms. Once a year, it is suggested that you visit your veterinarian. It will make a substantial contribution to the general health of your dog, ultimately extending its total longevity.

It is necessary to visit the veterinarian on a regular basis for immunizations because some of these diseases have no known remedy at this time. This is likely to cost you between $75 and $100.

Provide a Safe and Healthy Environment

The quality of your St. Bernard’s existence is determined by the safety, cleanliness, and health of his or her living environment. You should maintain a hygienic atmosphere in your home or apartment, and any potentially harmful substances such as detergents and glass cleaners should be removed from the area where you live. These potentially life-threatening threads can put your dog’s life in danger. You must also ensure that your backyard is free of anything that might harm or put your dog in risk if you live in a landed house, as well as being clean.

Final Thoughts

Originally from Germany, the St. Bernard is a huge breed that was expressly produced by the Hospice for the purpose of rescue. St. Bernards are renowned for their enormous size and dominance, however because of their large size, their lifetime is significantly shorter than that of many other breeds. As previously said, the typical longevity of a St. Bernard is around 8 to 10 years, which is significantly less than the lifespan of small size breeds. If you’re looking for a large, yet loving, companion, the St.

Top 5 Longest-Living Dog Breeds (Plus: 5 Dogs Who Don’t Live Very Long)

Smaller dog breeds are more likely to live the longest lives than larger dog types. Photo:Peter077 Have you ever wondered which dog breeds have the shortest and longest lifespans? Another query is as follows: Isn’t it fun to go back to your elementary school reading lists, when you learnt the ins and outs of life from books likeOld Yeller andWhere the Red Fern Grows? Dogs and humans are the ideal match, and they frequently form unbreakable ties, just like they do in those stories. So when considering about bringing a new dog home, it makes perfect sense to take into consideration the breed’s life duration.

It is the purpose of this article to tell you which dog breeds have the shortest and longest lifespans, respectively.

How Dogs Age

Generally speaking, the smallest dog breeds live the longest. Photo:Peter077 Have you ever been curious about which dog breeds have the shortest and longest lifespans. A second question is as follows: Isn’t it fun to go back to your elementary school reading lists, when you learnt the ins and outs of life from books likeOld Yeller andWhere the Red Fern Grows? Just as in those tales, dogs and humans create the ideal couple and frequently form unbreakable ties. Because you want your dog to be with you for as long as possible, it makes perfect sense to think about the breed’s life duration when thinking about taking one home.

Why Does a Dog’s Size Matter?

A study team investigated the reasons why giant dogs tend to have shorter lives than smaller canines. In their results, which were published in American Naturalist, they concluded that “Large dogs age at a faster rate.” In other words, while they may appear to be of a young age, their physical appearance belies their age. Psychology Today went down the findings even further by comparing two dog species — the Chihuahua (which weighs around 6 pounds) and the English Mastiff (which weighs approximately 12 pounds) (about 200 pounds).

The huge Mastiff breed, on the other hand, must develop into a 200-pound dog, which implies that these canines must mature much more quickly in order to become fully grown adults.

While you have no influence over a dog’s size and rate of growth, there are things you can do to improve your dog’s quality of life, regardless of their size.

According to the American Kennel Club, cancer, trauma, and even obesity are all major causes of early death in dogs. While you won’t be able to cure or prevent everything, you can reduce your chances of dying prematurely by doing the following:

  • Feeding your dog a nutritious food can keep him from becoming obese or gaining unhealthy weight
  • Regular veterinarian examinations, immunizations, and preventative medications are essential. Being aware of breed-related disorders and the symptoms associated with them
  • Making appointments with your veterinarian on a regular basis

In reality, ensuring that your dog lives a long and healthy life is quite similar to ensuring that you live a long and healthy life as well. After you’ve learned about the aging process in dogs, do you know which breed has the greatest life expectancy? Talk about which dog breeds have the highest life expectancy.

5 Longest-Living Dog Breeds

When it comes down to it, ensuring that your dog lives a long and healthy life is quite similar to ensuring that you live a long and healthy life as well. Do you know what breed of dog has the longest life expectancy now that you understand how canines age? Discuss which dog breeds have the highest life expectancy.


Chihuahuas are small dogs that weigh only 6 pounds on average for an adult, and according to the findings of the study mentioned above, one of the reasons they live for such a long time is that their aging process is slow. Chihuahuas may live between 14 and 20 years if they are in good condition. Chihuahuas, as a breed, are known for being affectionate, easy to groom, and friendly around children. They do, however, require training beginning at a young age in order to ensure that they are properly socialized.


2.Yorkshire Terrier

Yorkies are another breed of dog that has a relatively high life expectancy. As healthy adults, these energetic puppies can live up to 16 years in the wild. Yorkies, like several other tiny dog breeds, are capable of putting up a strong fight when the situation calls for them. Don’t get yourself into any trouble with “their people,” or you’ll find out what we’re talking about. However, just like with Chihuahuas, by training and socializing your Yorkie from the beginning, you should be able to enjoy your day-to-day life with him for many years to come.


It should come as no surprise that the majority of the longest-living dog breeds are tiny, and the Pomeranian is no exception. Like the Yorkshire Terrier, these dogs may live to be up to 16 years old when they are in good condition. One of their favorite types of exercise is the agility course, which many Pomeranians like competing in. In general, this breed is intelligent and easy to teach, making it a good choice for families. Despite the fact that their grooming requirements are slightly above average due to their long and fluffy hair, they are still a low-maintenance dog when it comes to everyday life.Photo courtesy of mschiffm

4.Toy Poodle

Poodles are popular among those who want a dog that is both attractive and intelligent. Toy poodles, which reach a maximum weight of around 10 pounds at their heaviest, are little and easy to care for. Even better, they are an excellent choice for families with allergy issues because they do not shed much. The average lifespan of a healthy Toy Poodle is more than 15 years, making them one of the most long-lived dog breeds on the planet. Photo:Nick115


Beagles are an extremely easy breed to grow and care for on all levels. Apart from being mellow and easygoing, they may live for up to 15 years in an one place. Beagles, in contrast to the other breeds described above, are medium-sized dogs that typically weigh approximately 25 pounds. Although this breed might be a little obstinate at times, these dogs are intelligent and ready to please. When properly educated and socialized from an early age, Beagles are excellent among strangers, children, and other pets.

Maintaining their health requires adhering to all of the usual guidelines, with special attention paid to their nutrition and weight. In addition, because their bodies are so lengthy, obesity might result in back and other health problems for them.

5 Shortest-Living Dog Breeds


1.Dogue de Bordeaux

According to the American Kennel Club, the Dogue de Bordeaux (commonly known as the French Mastiff) has one of the shortest life expectancies of all of the breeds. Healthy people have an average lifespan of 5–8 years. It should come as no surprise that the Dogue de Bordeaux is one of the biggest breeds. Mature males weigh around 110 pounds on the low end, with adult females weighing approximately 100 pounds in the beginning. Despite their big size, though, these dogs perform well in flats and limited places since they prefer to lay around for the most of the time.


2.Great Dane

Great Danes are another large dog (they may weigh up to 175 pounds) with a limited life span (they can live up to 15 years). They have a lifespan of 7–10 years on average. Canines of the Great Dane breed are devoted to their family and are gentle with children, other dogs, and strangers. When they’re with you, they’re the epitome of a loving companion, which makes it difficult to contemplate their short life expectancy. Photo:fujicanon

3.Bernese Mountain Dog

Bernese Mountain Dogs have a life expectancy of 7–10 years and may reach up to 115 pounds in the wild. You won’t find a greater partner for those who like the great outdoors. Despite their size, these dogs are tough to the core. Expect to come across them when trekking the trails or swimming in alpine streams. Photo:bella67

4.Saint Bernard

In their original purpose, Saint Bernards were developed to track down and help pilgrims who were trekking across perilous and icy mountain trails between Switzerland and Italy. Because of how well-behaved they are around children, Saint Bernards are now frequently used as “nanny dogs.” Their devoted and caring temperament makes them excellent companions for families. There are 8–10 years on average for them to live, and they may weigh up to 180 pounds at maturity. Photo:pixabay

5.Irish Wolfhound

Originally, Irish Wolfhounds were used to hunt elk and wolves. It’s understandable given their enormous size (males are nearly 3 feet tall at the shoulder and weigh around 120 pounds). Irish Wolfhounds, on the other hand, make wonderful family dogs these days. They are well-behaved with children, strangers, and other dogs, just like the Saint Bernard. The typical life expectancy of this breed is just 8–10 years, despite the fact that they lead a healthy lifestyle. This is due to their big size.

Comparing Life Span and Size

You are probably aware that, on average, little dogs have longer lives than huge dogs. But what about the exceptions to this rule? Which large dog breeds have the longest life expectancy? Here are a few huge breeds that have unusually extended life spans for their size, as seen below. Photo:ertuzio

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1.Alaskan Malamute

The Alaskan Malamute may weigh up to 100 pounds at its full grown size. They live an average of 10–14 years, which is far longer than the other big breeds on this list.

While this is still not as long as the projected 20-year life expectancy of Yorkies or Chihuahuas, it is significantly longer than the life expectancy of the majority of big breed dogs in general. Photo:patstatic

2.Doberman Pinscher

Dogs such as Dobermans are smaller than Alaskan Malamutes (weighing in at approximately 80 pounds at their maximum), making them a more practical choice if you don’t want to take on the responsibility of a 100- to 200-pound breed. Their life expectancy is comparable to that of the majority of dogs, regardless of size – they may live up to 13 years if they are in good condition. Photo:AnnieCS

3.Standard Poodle

Standard Poodles may weigh up to 70 pounds as fully grown adults and can survive for up to 15 years in their natural environment. Additionally, they’re intelligent, excellent with children and families, and easy to groom. In terms of dog breeds that are the healthiest and live the longest, the Poodle comes in at number one. This breed has plenty to offer, and as long as their breeders are responsible and ethical, they are not at risk of developing many significant health problems throughout their lifetime.

How to Extend Your Dog’s Life Expectancy

While no dog can live indefinitely, there are steps you can do to assist increase the life expectancy of your dog, regardless of their size or breed.


What is the nutritional value of your dog’s food? If you are unable to provide a firm response to that question, it may be time to reconsider your position. The best method to ensure that your dog is getting exactly what they require is to consult with your veterinarian or a pet dietician. Find out by doing the following:

  • What kind of calories they require
  • What kind of food is the most beneficial to them
  • How often they should eat
  • How long they should eat.

Please keep in mind that sweets and table scraps may completely derail an otherwise balanced diet. Make sure that any treats are included in your dog’s daily nutrition plan, and that only dog-friendly human foods are included in that plan. Take a look at this adorably affectionate Great Dane:

Keep Them Active

Exercise requirements vary from dog to dog, just as they do with nutrition. Inquire with your veterinarian about the sort of exercise your dog need and how much of it. You might believe that taking your dog for a regular walk is beneficial to them, but depending on their individual requirements, you could be mistaken. The only way to find out is to consult with a specialist. Exercise, on the other hand, is only the beginning. Maintaining your dog’s mental activity is also vital for his overall health and lifespan.

Keep up the workout till you’re old and gray, simply for pleasure.

By making certain that you are providing your dog with the greatest care available, you will give them the best chance of living a longer life.


  • “How Long Do Dogs Live?” writes Anna Burke in “How Long Do Dogs Live?” The American Kennel Club published a statement on July 14, 2016. Cornelia, PhD, and colleagues “The Size-Life Span Trade-Off Decomposed: Why Large Dogs Die Young” is the title of the article. Involved in American Naturalist 181, no. 4 (April 2013): 583.
  • Stanley Coren, Ph.D., DSC, FRSC The question is, “Why do large dogs have shorter lives than little dogs?” Psychology Today, published on January 19, 2017.

Saint Bernard

The Saint Bernard is one of the most popular big breeds because of his kind and noble demeanor. Its robust and muscular form stands in stark contrast to its smart and serene demeanor. Hair can be long or short, and the color of the coat can range from a rich brown to a more yellowed brown, with white markings always present.

Physical Characteristics

With its muscular and well-muscled build, the Saint Bernard dog possesses the characteristics necessary for traveling for long distances over heavy snow. This towering and powerful breed has a commanding presence on the battlefield.

It appears to be clever due to its expression. The coat of the St. Bernard, on the other hand, can be one of two types: one that is smooth with thick and durable short hair, and another that is longer with slightly wavy or straight medium-length hair, depending on the breed.

Personality and Temperament

The Saint Bernard, despite the fact that he does not engage in excessive play, is patient, polite, and easy-going with youngsters. It is eager to please and demonstrates genuine affection for its family. Occasionally, the dog will show signs of being obstinate.


Short runs and moderate walks each day are sufficient for meeting the Saint Bernard’s daily activity needs. It is preferable if the dog is raised outside, away from slick surfaces, and away from other dogs. Overweight pups that are raised inside are more prone to hip issues than their smaller counterparts. Unlike other dogs, the Saint Bernard is not tolerant of high temperatures and prefers cold weather. Access to the yard and the home is essential for it to thrive in this environment. Brushing the coat once a week is recommended, with more regular brushing during the shedding season.

Bernards have a propensity to drool when they are excited.


The Saint Bernard breed, which has an average lifetime of 8 to 10 years, may be prone to serious health issues such as canine hip dysplasia (CHD), canine elbow dysplasia, stomach torsion, osteosarcoma, distichiasis, entropion, and ectropion, amongst other things. Heart problems, cardiomyopathy, Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD), diabetes, seizures, cervical vertebral instability (CVI), and hot spots are some of the minor health complications that can arise from this illness. A veterinarian may do hip, elbow, and eye checks on the dog in order to discover some of these problems.

History and Background

From its origins as a breed of Roman Molossian canines, the Saint Bernard evolved into an exceptional life-saving dog between the period 1660 to 1670. During this time period, the first batch of these large dogs was sent to the St. Bernard Hospice, which served as a sanctuary for pilgrims traveling between Switzerland and Italy. During this time period, Originally, the breed was used for a variety of tasks such as turning spits, pulling carts, and maybe as companions or watchdogs, but the monks quickly learned that the dogs were great pathfinders in snow, and the breed was officially recognized as such.

  1. The dog performed this prestigious function for more than 300 years, saving as many as 200 lives in the process.
  2. Bernard dogs, is credited with saving more than 40 lives.
  3. A large number of dogs perished in the early nineteenth century as a result of sickness, extreme weather, and inbreeding.
  4. Although it looked that the dog’s long hair would shelter him from the bitterly cold weather, it really proved to be a disadvantage since the snow adhered to the coat.
  5. As early as the 1850s, St.

By 1900, dog enthusiasts in the United States had taken a like to the breed, and the Saint Bernard had become highly popular. The dog continues to be one of the most popular large breeds in the world today.

St. Bernard Lifespan

In order to properly care for your St. Bernard, you should be aware of the St. Bernard Dog life expectancy before purchasing or considering purchasing one. A common question that many pet owners ask themselves is “How long do St. Bernard Dogs live.” This is one of the most difficult questions that many pet owners ask themselves. All of us are aware that these St. Bernard Dogs will not be able to remain with us indefinitely; thus, it is important that we grasp the risks of old age and the average life expectancy of St.

Size, breed, and overall health of your dog are all aspects that influence the lifespan of your St.

Here are some of the most important: These considerations can assist in answering the queries that most St.

How Long Do Dog’s Live For?

Chihuahuas (15-17 years), Chinese Crested (15-17 years), Smooth and Wire Fox Terriers (13-15 years), English Toy Spaniel (13-15 years), Pomeranian (14-16 years), Rat Terrier (13-15 years), Russell Terrier (12-14 years), Lakeland Terrier (12-14 years), Manchester Terrier (12-14 years), Yorkshire Terrier (12-14 years) and Yorkshire Terrier (12-14 years) are among the small dog breeds with the longest life spans (12-15 years).

Certain medium-sized dog breeds have longer life expectancies than others: Among the breeds represented are the Australian Shepherd (12-15 years), Chinese Shar-Pei (12-14 years), Cocker Spaniel (13-25), Poodle (13-25), Whippet (13-25), Puli (10-15 years), Welsh Springer Spaniel (13-25), Bulldog (11-13 years), Boxer (10-12 years), Chow Chow (11-13 years), Curly-Coated Retriever (11-13 years), and French Bulldog (11-13 years) (11-13 years).

Some large dog breeds have shorter life spans than others, including the Great Dane (8-10 years), Bernese Mountain Dog (7-10 years), Irish Wolfhound (8-10 years), Newfoundland (10-12 years), Giant Schnauzer (9-11 years), Rottweiler (10-12 years), St.


PERIOD OF LIFE: TEN YEARS St. Bernard is the breed name for this dog. Guardian Dogs as a group Switzerland is the country of origin. Chien du Mont Saint-Bernard – Saint-Bernard, St. Bernhardshund (Bernhardiner), and Perro San Bernardo are examples of breeds that include the Chien du Mont Saint-Bernard, St. Bernhardshund (Bernhardiner), and Perro San Bernardo.


All current Saints may trace their ancestors back to Schumacher’s canine ancestors. One of their most well-known roles was that of finders and rescues of misplaced tourists. Saints were first brought to the United States in the late 18th Century. In the 1920s, the United Kennel Club officially recognized the Saint Bernard as a breed.



Dutch Smoushond

Dog that herds sheep

Czechoslovakian Vlc.

a dog that herds other animals

American Pit Bull T.


Chinese Shar-Pei


English Cocker Span.

Dog that herds sheep

Japanese Spitz

Breed from the north

Miniature Bull Terr.

a breed indigenous to the north

St. Bernard Lifespan

St. Bernards are peaceful yet strong canines who are considered to be one of the most popular of the large breeds. The longevity of the St. Bernard, on the other hand, is significantly lower than that of other breeds. They have a peaceful disposition and brown coats with white markings on them, which can be short or long depending on their size. The ability of a St. Bernard to blend in with the family is maybe their most endearing characteristic. St. Bernards, on the other hand, are excellent with children and make excellent nanny dogs since they are calm and vigilant by nature.

Adult men are expected to stand at 27.5 inches at the shoulder, while girls are expected to be a little bit shorter. Because they live for a shorter period of time than other breeds, their owners prefer to treasure every moment they have spent with them.

St. Bernard Life Expectancy

Saint Bernards live an average of 8 to 10 years, depending on the breed. This breed has a lifetime that is significantly lower than that of many other breeds. Dogs of bigger stature, on the other hand, are more likely to have shorter lives than their smaller counterparts. Their enormous size is the cause of their accelerated aging, which is far faster than that of other dog breeds. In addition, they grow more susceptible to life-threatening illnesses such as cancer as they age. The typical lifespan of a dog is roughly 10 to 13 years, however the longevity of a Saint Bernard is only about 10 to 13 years.

However, if specific precautions are put in place for bigger breeds, the quality of their lives can be improved and their lifespans can be extended.

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Bernards live longer lives by providing them with good nourishment, setting aside specific periods for them to exercise, and providing them with regular socialization opportunities.

How Can I Extend The Life Of My Saint Bernard

You should pay great attention to your St. Bernard’s nutritional intake because he has a shorter life expectancy than many other breeds. Because his life is in your hands, you must give your St. Bernard high-nutrient food because he cannot survive without it. If you give your dog commercially manufactured or home-made dog food, it should be of good quality and of consistent consistency. Raw meals that are high in protein and low in fat are generally beneficial to large breed dogs. This is due to the fact that when large breed dogs are overweight, they are more likely to acquire a variety of ailments early in life.

  • They must also be strong in protein and provide all of the essential nutrients that your St.
  • Before making any decisions, be certain that your veterinarian authorizes the foods in question.
  • Please bear in mind that your dog will go through many stages in his life, and you will need to provide him food that is appropriate for each of those times.
  • Prior to anything else, you should follow a strict regimen when it comes to what you feed your dog and how often you feed him, as obesity should be avoided at all costs.


Despite the fact that St. Bernards are enormous breeds, they do not require tremendous quantities of activity in order to remain in good health. St. Bernards should engage in moderate physical activity, which would be around one hour each day for them. Taking them for a short stroll might be adequate, or you could involve them in play activities that they would like. Taking him on treks and camping excursions is OK, but keep in mind that St. Bernards are predisposed to hip dysplasia and other joint issues as they age.

  1. Bernards to participate in activities that involve young children or humans in general.
  2. When it comes to training, keep in mind that St.
  3. An excellent trainer is an investment that should not be overlooked.
  4. Bernards are bright dogs that are easy to teach.
  5. The investment in training your dog, whether you hire a professional or do it yourself, so that your dog learns about the type of conduct you want is one of the finest investments that you can make.

This is due to the fact that dogs who have been taught tend to be happier since they are able to make their owners happy.

Visit The Vet Regularly

Because many times a St. Bernard will not become ill as a result of the aging process, but rather as a result of one of the many ailments that accompany old age, regular veterinarian appointments are essential. You will benefit from seeing your veterinarian because he or she can detect issues and treat them immediately rather than waiting until they become uncontrollable. This demonstrates the significance of the veterinarian. A veterinarian may also provide advice on diet and the overall care of your St.

Your buddies will be able to detect if there are any severe concerns that require your attention based on the indications and symptoms that are present.

Bernard owner in order to extend the life of your dog.

Bernard in order to prevent him against potentially fatal infections such as adenovirus, canine distemper, and canine hepatitis.


A healthy diet, regular exercise, and regular appointments to the veterinarian can only get you so far. Part of extending the life span of your St. Bernard’s begins with genetics and breeding practices. Knowing your dog’s family tree and genetic background might assist you in making decisions that will help him live longer. If a dog’s parents can live a little longer than average, his progeny will most likely do the same. Another thing that might be beneficial is to know the height and weight of the parents.

As a result, if you discover that your dog’s parents were somewhat smaller than usual, it is possible that your dog may live a little longer than average.

In addition, research has revealed that mixed dogs have a longer life expectancy than purebred dogs.

Bernard has been bred with a breed of a lesser size, he may live a little longer as well.

Overweight Saint Bernards Live Shorter Lives

According to a study done by experts at the University of Gottingen in Germany, giant breed dogs who gain an excessive amount of weight are more likely to have shorter life spans than other breeds. This is analogous to the condition of overweight adults in humans. They are at higher risk for a variety of lifestyle disorders, such as heart disease and diabetes, than the general population. When your dog is overweight by a little 4.4 lb, it is anticipated that his life would be cut short by a startling one month, according to the experts.

The life expectancy of a St.

Bernard may be increased by modifying his lifestyle and simply providing him with the greatest food available. At addition, you should take into consideration the stage in which your dog is now at; for example, you would feed a senior dog in a different manner than you would a puppy.

Do Mixed St. Bernards Live Longer Than Purebred Ones?

When it comes to life expectancy, mixed breeds have a tiny edge over purebreds since they live much longer lives than purebreds. This claim is supported by a large number of research. In general, we know that smaller breed dogs live the longest lives, but mixed breed dogs have far longer lives than large breed dogs. However, this is only true in the case of St. Bernards when they are crossed with lesser breeds. If two huge breed dogs were to mate and produce children, the longevity of the progeny would not be increased in any manner.

Additionally, the mix and ancestry of the animals may assist to lessen the probability of several illnesses that affect larger breeds in this area.

St. Bernard Age Groups Explained

Who doesn’t adore a well-behaved puppy? However, while St. Bernards produce gorgeous pups and are little bugs when they are young, they do not remain that way for long since they develop into the huge breed that everyone is familiar with. The talents that they will require throughout their lives will be developed during this period when they are sensitive and fragile.


While going through this period, you may expect your St. Bernard to go through heat cycles as he becomes more familiar with his surroundings. At this point, he will have completed the majority of his growth (between 70 and 80 percent). If you have not previously done so, you should begin training immediately. Because an untrained dog of this size may bring you a great deal of grief and inconvenience.


When your St. Bernard reaches maturity, he or she will have reached maximum development, but many of them may acquire weight, particularly if their meals are uneven. This should be avoided at all costs by being mindful of their weight and age. Adulthood does not imply that they have lost their ability to be playful, however they do tend to outgrow this trait with time.


The mental and physical health of your St. Bernard may begin to deteriorate at this point. It is also the period of year when they are most likely to contract deadly infections. You will need to modify his diet to match the fact that he is becoming older and less active.

Does NeuteringSpaying Affect St. Bernard Lifespan

Dogs that are not spayed or neutered are more likely to get infections that can be deadly. In order to compensate for this, they often have shorter life spans, thus spaying and neutering your dog may indirectly help to extend its life. His breed, the St. Bernard, is prone to developing specific sorts of malignancies that harm their reproductive organs if they are not spayed or neutered. Additionally, when your St. Bernard is spayed or neutered, he will be less likely to stray and damage himself.

It is important to remember that spaying or neutering your St. Bernard too early might be detrimental to his health. Consult with your veterinarian, who will be able to tell you when the most appropriate time is to do this treatment on your animal.

Saint Bernard Common Health Issues That Can Affect Their Lifespan

As a big breed, St. Bernards are susceptible to a variety of ailments and have a shorter lifetime than other dogs of similar size. Since a dog owner, being aware of these diseases can help you to extend the life of your dog, as early diagnosis and even prevention can make treatment more effective and less time consuming. The following are examples of probable health problems:


As a result, your dog’s eyesight is impaired as a result of cataracts, which arise when the lens of his eye becomes opaque. Initially, the cataract has no noticeable effect on your dog’s ability to function, but as time passes, it becomes increasingly difficult for him to do his typical activities. You will notice a clouded Iris in your dog’s eyes, giving the illusion that there is a layer in front of the eyes, if your dog has cataracts. Cataracts may be removed surgically, so speak with your veterinarian about your options.

Canine Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM)

This is a cardiac ailment that affects the heart muscles, causing them to become weak and thin, causing them to have difficulty contracting as they should ordinarily. Depression, weight loss, loss of appetite, swollen hands, and an expanded abdomen are some of the indications and symptoms that your dog is suffering from this ailment.


Because your St. Bernard is at risk for developing epilepsy, he may experience unexpected seizures. The illness is classified as either primary or secondary since it affects both men and women. There are two basic varieties of this disorder: primary and secondary.


This is an eye condition characterized by the inward rolling of the eyelids as a result of hair rubbing against the cornea. Your St. Bernard will experience irritation, perforation, and discomfort as a result of this.

Elbow Dysplasia and Hip Dysplasia

Joint disorders in dogs are defined as those that affect the joints of the dog. They are considered to be genetic, and anti-inflammatories can be used to alleviate their symptoms. They are more common in bigger dogs, although they can also occur in other breeds as well.

St. Bernard Lifespan FAQs

St. Bernards typically live between 8 and 10 years, but with adequate care, some of them may survive for up to 15 years. The world’s oldest St. Bernard, according to legend, lived in the United Kingdom for 13 years and was buried there.

Does A St. Bernard Live Longer Than A Newfoundland Dog?

St. Bernards and Newfoundlands are both huge dogs with a lifetime of 8 to 10 years, which is similar to that of St. Bernards. They are also affected by ailments that are comparable to theirs, such as heart disease and hip dysplasia.

Final Words

Another strategy to extend the life of your St. Bernard is to provide him with a clean and safe environment to live in. This basic practice is sometimes ignored, but it is extremely vital to your St. Bernard’s health and well-being. A large number of dogs get into mischief and come into touch with potentially hazardous materials. As a dog owner, it is your responsibility to guarantee that this does not occur. Ensure that the environment in which your St. Bernard is housed is clean and healthy as well.

Make certain that he gets enough of exercise and has plenty of area to run about and play. You should check on him on a daily basis to ensure that the water you provide him is clean and fresh. The heat is particularly unpleasant for St. Bernards. They have a tendency to thrive in colder climates.

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