What Is St James The Patron Saint Of

James the Great – Wikipedia

SaintJames the Great
Saint James the GreatbyGuido Reni
Born Bethsaida,Galilee,Roman Empire
Died AD 44Jerusalem,Judea, Roman Empire
Canonized Pre-Congregation
Feast 25 July (Western Christianity)30 April (Eastern Christianity) 30 December (Hispanic Church)
Attributes Red Martyr,Scallop,Pilgrim’s hat
Patronage PlacesSpain,Guatemala,Seattle,Nicaragua,Guayaquil,Betis Church, Guagua,Pampanga,Badian,Buhay Na Tubig, Imus,Paete, Laguna,Sogod,Cebu,Philippinesand some places ofMexico.ProfessionsVeterinarians,equestrians,furriers,tanners,pharmacists,oyster fishers,woodcarvers.

The Apostle James the Great, also known asJames the Son of Zebedee or as Saint James the Greater (Aramaic: Yaqq; Arabic: ; Hebrew: Yaqq; Latin: Iacobus Maximus; Greek: o) was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus and the first to be martyred, according to the New Testament. He was born in Bethlehem, Israel, and died in AD 44. Saint James is the patron saint ofSpain, and according to tradition, his relics are housed at the city of Santiago de Compostela in the Galician province of Galicia.

In the New Testament

Zerbee and Salome’s son, James is referred to as “the Greater” to separate him from the ApostleJames “the Less,” with greater implying that he is older or taller rather than that he is more significant. John the Apostle’s brother, James the Great, was born in the same year as John the Apostle. James is identified as one of the first disciples to follow Jesus into the city of Jerusalem. According to the Synoptic Gospels, James and John were with their father by the seaside when Jesus summoned them to come with him to follow him.

  1. According to one legend, Jesus granted James and John (or, in another, their mother) seats on his right and left in the kingdom of heaven.
  2. The other apostles were dissatisfied with their behavior.
  3. The Acts of the Apostlesrecords that “Herod the king” (generally associated with Herod Agrippa I) ordered James to be killed by sword, which is consistent with the tradition.
  4. When compared to the narrative of the Liberation of Saint Peter, F.
  5. Bruce comments that the fact that “James should die but Peter should escape” is a “mystery of divine providence.”


Saint James is the patron saint of Spain in the Catholic faith, and according to legend, his bones are interred at the city of Santiago de Compostela in the Galician province of Galicia. This nameSantiagois the result of a local development of the LatinGenitive. In Latin, Sancti Iacobo means “(church or sanctuary) of Saint James” (which has evolved into a personal name in Spanish and even in Portuguese – Tiago -, with its derivativesDiego / Diogo) and in English, it means “Saint James’s Church or Sanctuary.” Traditional pilgrimages to the tomb of the saint, known as the ” Way of St.

  1. The Pilgrims of St.
  2. It is estimated that 327,378 pilgrims officially registered in 2018 as having completed the last 100 kilometer (62 mile) walk or the final 200 kilometres (120 mile) bicycle ride from Santiago to qualify for aCompostela award.
  3. Jubilee years follow a pattern of 6-5-6-11 (unless when the last year of a century is not a leap year, in which case there might be a gap of 7 or 12 years between jubilee years).
  4. The number had increased to 272,412 at the end of the Holy Year 2010.
  5. On the liturgical calendars of the Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran, and some Protestant churches, the feast day of St.
  6. In the Orthodox Christian liturgical calendar, he is celebrated on April 30, which is his birthday (for those churches which follow the traditionalJulian Calendar, 30 April currently falls on 13 May of the modernGregorian Calendar).

Galicia’s national day is also commemorated on July 25th, in honor of St James, who is the country’s patron saint. The Apostle James is commemorated in the Church of England with a Festival on the 25th of July.


The place of martyrdom is located within theArmenian Apostolic Cathedral of St. Jamesin theArmenian QuarterofJerusalem. King Agrippa ordered his beheading (Acts 12:1–2). The traditional location of his martyrdom is the Chapel of St. James the Great, which is to the left of the sanctuary and is placed to the left of the sanctuary. Afterward, his body was buried beneath the altar, which was marked by a piece of red marble and encircled by six votive lights.


Apostle James, son of Zebedee, is credited with spreading Christianity throughout Spain, according to Catholic legend. When he was 44 years old, he was beheaded in Jerusalem, and his ashes were later transported to Galicia in a stone boat, to the site where today’s Santiago de Compostela Cathedral sits. The Historia Compostelana, written in the 12th century and commissioned bybishopDiego Gelmrez, presents a synopsis of the legend of St. James as it was believed in Compostela at the time of writing.

James preached the gospel both in Spain and in the Holy Land; and second, that after his martyrdom at the hands of Herod Agrippa, St.

According to legend, the transfer of his relics from Jerusalem to Galicia in the northwest of Iberia was accomplished through a series of miraculous events: after being decapitated in Jerusalem with a sword by Herod Agrippa himself, his body was taken up by angels and sailed in an unattended boat toIria Flavia in Iberia, where a massive rock closed around his relics, which were later removed to Compostela.

  1. According to traditional local belief, the Virgin Mary appeared to James on the bank of the Ebro River near Caesaraugusta on the 2nd of January, AD 40, when he was preaching the Gospel in Spain at the time.
  2. As a result of the vision, St.
  3. It is believed that the finding of the relics of the saint occurred during the reign of King Alfonso II (791–842) and Bishop Theodemir of Iria, according to local legend in Compostela.
  4. Known as the Way of St.
  5. Eventually, James was elevated to the position of patron saint of Spain.


In the year AD 44, James was martyred. According to early Christian legend, he had not yet left Jerusalem at the time of this event. One line of argument in support of this assertion is found in theEpistle to the Romans, which was written after AD 44 and in which Paul expresses his desire to avoid “building on someone else’s foundation” by visiting Spain, suggesting that he was unaware of any previous evangelization efforts in Hispania, suggesting that he was unaware of any previous evangelization efforts in Hispania.

  1. St.
  2. A competing version places the apostle’s relics at the church ofSt.
  3. Saint James’ burial in Compostela was not universally recognized, and some modern historians, like Louis Duchesne and T.
  4. Kendrick, have come to oppose the tradition in the wake of this.

In addition to the legend’s very recent emergence, the Catholic Encyclopedia (1908) identified various “difficulties” or grounds for skepticism about it, including the following: Even though it was common knowledge in the year 700 that James established anapostolic seein Iberia, there is no specific mention of this tradition in the genuine writings of early writers or in the early councils; the first specific mention of this tradition is found in the ninth century, in Notker, a monk of St.

Gall (Martyrologia, 25 July), Walafrid Strabo (Poema de XII Apostoli), and others.

The Bollandists, on the other hand, defended it. (They provide more references in their Acta Sanctorum, July VI and VII.) As previously stated, Pope Leo XIII, in his 1884 bullOmnipotens Deus, expressed his trust in the validity of the relics at Santiago de Compostela.

Medieval “Santiago Matamoros” legend

An even later myth claims that he appeared mysteriously to fight for the Christian army at the famed Battle of Clavijo, and that he was christened Santiago Matamoros as a result of his appearance (Saint James theMoor -slayer). “Santiago and shut up, Spain!” says the narrator. Battle cries such as “St. James and strike for Spain” were used by medieval Spanish (Christian) troops in their battles. “The great knight of the russet cross was given by God to Spain as patron and defender,” says Miguel de Cervantes in Don Quixote.

The possibility that a cult of James was established to supplant the Galician cult of Priscillian (who was executed in 385), who was widely venerated across northern Iberia as a martyr (by the hands of the local bishops rather than as a heretic), should not be dismissed should not be dismissed out of hand.

The Catholic Encyclopedia of 1908, on the other hand, is extremely circumspect regarding the cult’s roots (see above at”Controversy”).


The scallopshell (sometimes known as the “cockle shell”) was James’ insignia, and pilgrims to his shrine were often seen sporting it on their caps or clothing. Scallops are referred to in French as coquille St. Jacques, which literally translates as “cockle (or mollusc) of Jacob.” The German term for scallop isJakobsmuschel, which literally translates as “Jacob’s mussel (or clam)”; the Dutch word for scallop isJacobsschelp, which literally translates as “Jacob’s shell.” The phrase Ibskal has the same meaning in Danish as it does in Dutch; Ib is a Danish form of the name Jakob, and skal is a Danish word that means shell.

Military Order of Santiago

It was in the 12th century that the militaryOrder of Santiago was established in Spain, named for Saint Tiago or Saint James, in order to battle the Moors. Later, like with other orders of chivalry, membership in the Order of the Garter became a badge of honor.

Latter-day Saints

Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery were present when the Apostles James, Peter, and John appeared to them as heavenly messengers in 1829 and conferred upon them both, and thus restored, the Aaronic and Melchizedek priesthoods, as well as the authority of apostolic succession to them, as well as exclusively on earth to their organization, according to the teachings of the Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).

In Islam

They are not identified by their names or numbers in the Quran, nor are they given any lengthy descriptions of their life in the book of Revelation. Muslimexegesis, on the other hand, more or less agrees with the New Testamentlist and claims that the disciples includedPeter, Philip, Thomas, Bartholomew, Matthew, Andrew, James, Jude, John, and Simon the Zealot in addition to others.

See also

  • It is also known as the Secret Book of James. Other names for it include the Apocryphon of James (also spelled Camino de Santiago), Cathedral of St. James (disambiguation), Hand of St James the Apostle, Jacob, and the Camino de Santiago (disambiguation). St. James the Sword, a military order founded by Saint James the Sword
  • Our Lady of the Pillar, a Marian/angelic apparition that James is said to have had
  • A saint named Peter of Rates
  • Saint James, son of Zebedee, patron saint of archives
  • A saint named Peter of Rates St. James’ Church (disambiguation)
  • Santiago Matamoros (lit. “Saint James the Moor-slayer”)
  • Santiago Matamoros (lit. “Saint James the Moor-slayer”).
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  1. Camerlynck 1910
  2. Nixon 1963, p. 1354
  3. Bruce 1964, p. 251
  4. Starkie 1957
  5. “Estadisticas antiguas” (Old Statistics). The Cathedral of Saint James (in Spanish). Retrieved on the 26th of July, 2021. Statistics from the past
  6. “Peregrinos in the Last Few Years” Statistics from the last few years (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 1 January 2010
  7. “La Peregrinación a Santiago en 2010″(PDF) is a document on the pilgrimage to Santiago in 2010. (in Spanish). “The Calendar” was published on 29 November 2015 and has been archived in PDF format. The Church of England is a denomination in the United Kingdom. “Photo of the altar in the Chapel of St. James the Great,” which was retrieved on March 27, 2021. The original version of this article was published on September 27, 2011. Clement of Alexandria,Stromateis, VI
  8. Apollonius,Ecclesiastical HistoryV.xviii)
  9. Kendrick 1960
  10. Cervantes 1863, p. 441
  11. Doctrine and Covenants27:12
  12. AbChadwick 1976
  13. Fletcher 1984
  14. AbC According to NoegelWheeler 2003, p. 86, Muslim interpretation lists the disciples of Jesus as Peter, Andrew, Matthew, Thomas, Philip, John, James, Bartholomew, and Simon, with the exception of Judas Iscariot.


  • Commentary on the Book of Acts, written by F. F. Bruce in 1964. Wm. B. Eerdmans
  • Camerlynck, Achille (Grand Rapids, Michigan) (1910). “St. James the Greater” is an abbreviation. According to Charles Herbermann (ed.). The Catholic Encyclopedia, 8th edition, New York: Robert Appleton Company
  • Chadwick, Henry (1976), Priscillian of Avila, Oxford University Press
  • Cervantes, Miguel de Cervantes, Priscillian of Avila, Oxford University Press
  • (1863). Don Quixote de la Mancha: A Revised Translation Based on the Works of Motteux, Jarvis, and Smollett. New York: Harper & Row. D. Appleton & Company
  • Fletcher, Richard A. New York: D. Appleton & Company (1984), The Catapult of Saint James: The Life and Times of Diego Gelmrez of Santiago de Compostela is a book on the life and times of Diego Gelmrez of Santiago de Compostela. Clarendon Press, ISBN 978-0-19-822581-2
  • Kendrick, Thomas Downing
  • Kendrick, Thomas Downing (1960). St. James is venerated throughout Spain. Methuen
  • Nixon, R. E.
  • Nixon, R. E. (1963). “Boanerges”. According to J. D. Douglas (ed.). The New International Bible Dictionary. Inter-Varsity Press
  • Noegel, Scott B
  • Wheeler, Brandon M. London: Inter-Varsity Press (2003). In Islam and Judaism, there is a historical dictionary of prophets. Scarecrow Press, Lanham, Maryland, ISBN 978-0810843059
  • Starkie, Walter (1957). The Road to Santiago de Compostela. The Pilgrims of St. James are a group of people who go to the Holy Land to seek religious guidance. OCLC28087235
  • E. P. Dutton, New York
  • OCLC28087235

Further reading

  • “St. James the Great, Apostle,” Butler’s Lives of the Saints
  • “St. James the Great, Apostle”
  • A biography of St. James the Great, his miracles, and his martyrdom
  • A biography of St. James the Great, an apostle and martyr of the Christian Church
  • The Way of St. James is a pilgrimage route that begins in Spain and ends in England. Follow St. James’s footsteps on the trip to Santiago de Compostela with the help of this pilgrimage guide. Apostle James the Theologian’s BrotherOrthodoxiconandsynaxarion
  • History
  • St. James the Greater, Apostleat theChristian Iconographyweb site
  • Apostle James the Theologian’s BrotherOrthodoxiconandsynaxarion St. James the Greater, as shown in Caxton’s translation of the Golden Legend
  • The patron saint of Spain, whose feast day is celebrated at Santiago de Compostela every July

Feast of St. James the Greater

‘Saint James the Great’ was painted between 1636 and 1638 by Italian Baroque artist Guido Reni at his studio in Florence (1575-1642). (Created by Wikimedia Commons under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license.) “Srcset=” 1024w,300w,768w,696w,1068w,525w,1126w data-medium-file=” data-large-file=” width=”1024″ height=”819″ alt=”” width=”1024″ height=”819″ alt=” data-src=” data-sizes=”(max-width: 1024px) 100vw, 1024px” data-src=” data-sizes=”(max-width: 1024px) 100vw, 1024px” data-src=” data-sizes=”(max-width: 1024px) 100vw, 1024px”” src=””‘Saint James the Great’ was painted between 1636 and 1638 by Italian Baroque artist Guido Reni in his studio in Florence (1575-1642).

  1. (Created by Wikimedia Commons under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license.) This statue of St.
  2. Image courtesy of St.
  3. ” data-medium-file=” data-large-file=” alt=”” width=”304″ height=”512″ ” data-large-file=” alt=”” width=”304″ height=”512″” srcset=”607w,178w,696w,249w,698w” srcset=”607w,178w,696w,249w,698w” data-src=” data-sizes=” data-src=” (max-width: 304px) St.
  4. 100vw, 304px” src=” This statue of St.
  5. Image courtesy of St.
  6. — Jesus summoned James and John, the sons of Zebedee, to abandon their livelihood as fisherman and devote their lives to him.
  7. James was one of the three Apostles who were very close to the Lord, and he was one of the most prominent.
  8. The title “the greater” separates him from the other Apostle James, known as “the lesser,” who was most likely smaller or younger than he was.
  9. Some tales claim that James preached in Spain before his death, while others claim that his relics were sent there after his death.

Besides that, he serves as the patron of St. James the Greater Parish in Glendale, California.

Our Patron Saint

St. James the Greater, the brother of St. John, is given this title to distinguish him from the other apostle James, who was a year or two younger than he was at the time of his death. He may have lived at Bethsaida with his brother and father, and he may have worked as a fisherman alongside them. While waiting for Peter and Andrew to come with him, Jesus came across James and John and their father Zebedee repairing their nets on a ship. He summoned James and John, and they obeyed and came with him.

  • Jesus referred to James and John as “Boanerges” – sons of thunder – in reference to their fiery tempers, which was probably a joke.
  • After the Ascension, there is no definitive information about James’ missionary efforts.
  • Despite the fact that he was claimed to have been buried in Jerusalem, his remains was reportedly transported to El Padron in Galicia and eventually to Compostela, which became the third most important pilgrimage site after Jerusalem and Rome.
  • As an old, bearded man wearing a hat with a scallop shell (an emblem of Santiago de Compostela); or with a shell or shells around him; or as a pilgrim with a pocketbook and stick; or as someone who has been decapitated by a sword; or as someone who has been beheaded by a sword St.

St James the Great the Patron Saint of Spain

St. James the Great was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and he is known as the “Great Apostle.” He was also known as James the Elder, and he was the first apostle to suffer martyrdom, as well as the first one whose death is mentioned in the New Testament. Saint James the Great is the patron saint of pilgrims and laborers. He was born to Zebedee and Salome and is the brother of John the Apostle. He is also renowned as the Patron Saint of Spain, and he has been given the Spanish title “Saint James the Moor-slayer,” which translates as “Saint James the Moor-slayer.” More information about the history of the Camino de Santiago may be found here.

Early Life

There is very little information available regarding Saint James the Greater’s early life. He was most likely born either in Bethsaida or Capernaum, where his father Zebedee resided at the time of his birth. His parents appear to have been well-connected in their community. Zebedee was a fisherman on the Sea of Galilee, which was located south of Capernaum. He had a small crew of boatmen and a few hired men who worked as servants for him. Zahn believed that Salome, the wife of Zebedee and mother of James the Great, was the daughter of a priest, which led him to believe that she was not.

Other than two passages (Lk 8:51 and Acts 1:3), the Apostle James was always mentioned before John, implying that he was the older brother, according to tradition.

As a result, the Jews must have regarded them as uneducated and without formal status in their society.

Despite his lack of formal education, James had plenty of opportunities to be exposed to Greek culture and language, which flourished along the shores of the Sea of Galilee during his lifetime.

Discipleship and Apostolate

Despite the fact that there are conflicting tales of how James came to be one of Jesus’ disciples, James was one of the early followers of Jesus. The gospel of John records that, after John the Baptist had announced the coming of the Kingdom of God, John became a disciple and later brought his brother James to live with him in the kingdom (Jn 1:35, 1:41). The discipleship ofApostle James is portrayed in greater length in the gospels of Matthew and Mark, as well as in Acts. When Jesus called out to them from the beaches of the Sea of Galilee, James and his brother and father were out fishing with their father and brother (Matt 4:21-22; Mk 1:19-20).

  • Following his instructions, they discovered that their nets were so swollen with fish that their boats were nearly sunk by the weight of the catch as soon as they began to load their nets into the boats.
  • John 1:41 describes how Jesus and his brother John, as well as the disciples Peter and Andrew, established the first selected group of disciples, before being called into the Apostleship with eight other disciples (Matt 10:1-4; Mk 3:13-19; Lk 6:12-16; Acts 1:13).
  • James, John, and Peter were present during the raising of Jairus’s daughter (Mk There is grounds to assume that Jesus was related to James and John on a family level.
  • According to this, Jesus was the brothers’ first cousin once removed, which may explain why they became his earliest disciples.


Saint James, son of Zebedee, was referred to as “the Greater” or “the Great” in order to distinguish him from Saint James “the Lesser” or “the Less,” a son of Alpheus who was believed to be younger or shorter in stature, as well as James the Just, brother of Jesus, who were both referred to as “the Lesser” or “the Less.” Saint James, son of Zebedee was referred to as “the Greater” or

Saint James, the Boanerges

James and John were given the Greek titleBoanerges, which means “Sons of Thunder” by Jesus (Mk 3:17). Several occurrences in the Synoptic Gospels illustrate their zealous and impulsive approach to evangelism, as well as their hostile temperament against the Jews (Lk 9:49, 9:54). The instances show that the brothers represented the character associated with the title bestowed upon them by their father.

Possibly, this might be explained by their racial origin, since Galileans were renowned for being tough and pious, as well as bold and hardworking, and as the staunchest advocates for Jews in the ancient world.

Santiago Matamoros (Saint James the Moor-Slayer)

Giovanni Battista Tiepolo was a painter who lived in the 16th century. A miracle is supposed to have occurred at the Battle of Clavijo, during which Saint James the Great miraculously appeared to assist an outnumbered Spanish Christian army, assisting them in their triumph over the Moors, who had begun their invasion of Hispania in AD 711. According to historical records, the fight took place between AD 834 and 844, almost 800 years after St James the Greater died. A white banner was wielded by Saint James, who appeared as a warrior on a white horse in the midst of a Spanish army, according to tradition.

“, which translates as “God help St.

According to several historians, the Battle of Clavijo never took place and that it was a fiction created to commemorate the genuine Battle of Monte Laturce (AD 859).

However, historian Jean Mitchell-Lanham points out that, despite the fact that the conflict was based on mythology, it supplied Spain with “one of the strongest ideological images” and contributed to the establishment of its national identity.


Following the death of Jesus in the year AD 30, St James continued to preach for another 14 years. He preached in Samaria and Judea, where he was assassinated by Herod Agrippa I, who reigned at the time. Herod was well-known for his fervor for Judaism, and he was regarded for having a high esteem for the Mosaic Law and Jewish traditions. During his tenure as king of Judea, the Jews were alarmed by the fast expansion of the Christian church in the region. On the occasion of Passover in AD 44, Herod seized members of the Church and ordered the murder of James the Great (Acts 12:1-2) because of his participation in Jewish-Christian communities and because his fiery temper must have made an impact on him.

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James, the Patron Saint of Spain

Tradition holds that Saint James visited Spain previous to his death and that he established an Apostolic see on the island of Mallorca. Originating in Compostela, these traditions are briefly documented in the 12thcenturyHistoria Compostelana, which was commissioned by Bishop Diego Gelmirez and written in the Spanish language. James preached the gospel in both Iberia and Israel, and it is reported that after his martyrdom, his disciples transported his body over the sea to Iberia before transporting it all the way to Santiago de Compostela, where it was buried.

This apparition was eventually known as Nuestra Seora del Pilaror, which translates as “Our Lady of the Pillar.” According to other legends, the transfer of his relics from Judea to Iberia was made possible by a series of miraculous events; that after being decapitated by Herod Agrippa, his body was taken away by angels and placed in an unattended boat, which, upon arrival on the island of Iria Flavia, became encircled by a huge rock.

While King Alfonso II (AD 791-842) and Bishop Theodemir of Iria were in power, it is thought that his remains were unearthed during their time in power.

It is made up of many routes that go throughout Western Europe, with the final destination being Santiago de Compostela, where a shrine devoted to the saint may be found.

Because of the popularity of the pilgrimage destination, as well as his mythical participation in the Battle of Clavijo, St James the Greater was formally designated as the Patron Saint of Spain in 1598.


The stories of Compostela are in direct conflict with the traditions of the early Church. In accordance with Clement of Alexandria (Stromateis) and Apollonius (Ecclesiastical History VI.18, Eusubius), St James the Greater lived exclusively in Jerusalem from the time of his crucifixion in AD 44 until his death. Saint Paul stated in his Epistles to the Romans (AD 58) that he did not wish to “build on another man’s foundation” and that he intended to travel to Spain (Rom 15:20, 15:24), which shows that no other evangelist had visited the country at the time of the writing of the letter.

Furthermore, the legitimacy of the sacred relic at Santiago de Compostela has been called into question, particularly after the Church of St-Saturnin in Toulouse, France, claimed to be the repository for the remains of Saint James.

However, Notker of St.

The genuineness of the relic at Compostela is asserted by the Bull of Leo XIII, Omnipotens Deus, which was issued on November 1, 1884.

Saint James, Patron of Pilgrims and Laborers

The stories of Compostela are at odds with the traditions of the early Church. It is said that St James the Greater never left Jerusalem till the time of his execution in AD 44, according to Clement of Alexandria (Stromateis) and Apollonius (Ecclesiastical History VI.18, Eusubius). Saint Paul stated in his Epistles to the Romans (AD 58) that he did not wish to “build on another man’s foundation” and that he intended to travel to Spain (Rom 15:20, 15:24), which shows that no other evangelist had visited the country at the time of the composition of the Epistles.

Additionally, the legitimacy of the sacred relic at Santiago de Compostela has been called into question, particularly after the Church of St-Saturnin in Toulouse, France claimed to possess the remains of Saint James the Great.

In accordance with mythology, Notker of St.

Gall believes that the relics may have been transported to Compostela, however he is skeptical that the saint traveled all the way to Spain while he was still living. The validity of the relic at Compostela is confirmed by the Bull of Leo XIII, Omnipotens Deus, which was issued on November 1, 1884.

The Feast of Saint James the Great

The date of Saint James’ feast day varies depending on where you live. On July 25, Western Christianity observes the holiday, Eastern Christianity on April 30, and the Hispanic Church observes it on December 30, according to the calendar. Hiking is one of my favorite activities. Everything from the Camino de Santiago to the West Highland Way in Scotland, as well as day hikes and weekend excursions are available. Hiking is good for me since it relaxes me, clears my head, and maintains my body in reasonable shape.

My walk up Ben Nevis was one of the highlights of my trip.

Saint James

What is the identity of St. James, our patron saint? Despite the fact that his name is well known, many of us are just vaguely familiar with him as one of the apostles. There appears to be nothing to arouse devotion in him: he spoke little that is recorded in the Gospels, and he left no written records of his own. (Another disciple by the name of James is credited with writing the “Letter of James” in the New Testament.) But it has been through the ages that this saint has sparked an intense devotion that has brought millions from all over the world, including from all corners of the world to his vast shrine in Spain, where several miracles have been credited to his mighty intercession.

  • It was around this time that James and his brother, John, were aboard their fishing boat, fixing their fishing nets (Matthew 4: 18 – 2 2).
  • The Gospels make it plain that James and John were, together with Peter, the disciples whom Jesus had the most confidence in.
  • Jame’s presence with Jesus during the Transfiguration, in the Garden of Gethsemane, and in the home of Jairus when Jesus resurrected Jairus’ daughter to life are all recorded in Scripture.
  • James was also the first apostle to give his life in the service of Christ.
  • 44 (Acts 12:2), according to the Bible.
  • His feast day is celebrated on July 25th.
  • James’ life.

The mystery, on the other hand, is how James got to be buried at that location.

In addition, according to legend, two of these (Theodore and Athanasius) followed him back to Jerusalem, where he was killed at the hands of King Herod.

They prayed to God to guide them, and the boat drifted to northern Spain, where James was laid to rest.

The relics of St.

During the Middle Ages, Compostela rose to prominence as one of the most important pilgrimage destinations on the planet.

A visit from St.

Charlemagne will vanquish the Moors throughout Spain, according to the apostle’s prediction.

Whether it was true or not, the story of St.

As word of the apostle’s miracle-working prowess spread, an increasing number of pilgrims began making the pilgrimage to his tomb in order to seek his protection and intercession.

When the pilgrims of the Middle Ages arrived at Santiago de Compostela, they were able to receive their much-anticipated souvenirs: The scallop shell was transformed into the equivalent of a pilgrim’s passport, allowing travelers to be identified as such.

The Shell and Our Place of Worship There are several ways in which the belief in the miracle of how St.

James church building in Granada, Spain. Parishioners will be reminded of St. James, apostle and friend of Jesus, throughout the church, from the altar to the baptismal font to the holy water fonts and cornerstone.

Celebrate the Feast of St. James, Patron Saint of Loíza, Guatemala & Spain

Saint James the Greater was a member of Jesus’ inner circle of twelve apostles. He is the patron saint of Spain and Guatemala, among other places. Besides that, he is the patron saint of Galicia, a Spanish nation-state located in the northwest portion of the country, as well as several minor communities across Latin America, including the municipality of Loza in Puerto Rico, among others. Saint James is a challenging figure, especially in this time and place when we are reexamining the meaning of icons of identity.

  • As a result, while Saint James is a powerful national emblem, he is also associated with the indiscriminate murdering of people of color.
  • History has been reconstructed as if it were a long-term political campaign.
  • Because the former colonies are predominantly made up of people of color, we may need to reevaluate our worship of the saint in light of this fact.
  • We don’t wish to be disrespectful to anyone, but the way some cultures have portrayed St.

Feast of Saint James 2022

His feast day is celebrated on July 25th. The next commemoration will take place on Monday, July 25, 2022.

Who is Saint James?

James is a frequent biblical given name, and there are several versions of it in different languages across the world. There are variants such as Santiago and even San Diego. To distinguish between the two apostles, there is another brother of Jesus, Saint James, who is known as Saint James the Lesser in order to distinguish between them. Saint James the Greater was the son of Zebedee and the brother of John the Apostle. He was also known as the “Greater James.” He was one of Jesus’s early apostles and was present at the Transfiguration, which occurred on Mount Tabor.

Symbols of the Saint

Saint James the Greater, painted by the Spanish artist Gil de Siloe between 1489 and 1493. Scallops are his principal emblem, according to the Cloisters. In most depictions, he is holding a staff, holding a cockleshell (scallop), and carrying a man bag. All three of them may be seen in the artwork. The Atlantic shore near the Spanish city of Santiago de Compostela is a good place to find these kind of shells. The Cross of Saint James is shaped like a sword, with a scallop serving as the grip.

Santiago de Compostela

Saint James the Greater was known for having a terrible temper. He was executed by Herod Agrippa, the King of Judea and the grandson of Herod the Great, who was also his executioner. The head of Saint James is a relic from the Armenian Cathedral of Saint James in Jerusalem, which dates back to the 12th century. The Cathedral is dedicated to both Saint James. According to legend, Saint James the Greater’s body washed up on the shores of Galicia, Spain, and was miraculously preserved.

A portion of it was discovered and interred at the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. The narrative was first written down in the eleventh century, according to certain sources.

The Way of Saint James

A pilgrimage road, or set of pilgrimage paths, that stretched from the Pyrenees to Northern Spain to the cathedral in Galicia during the Middle Ages was known as El Camino de Santiago. It has been a treacherous travel for a long time, and it might still be hazardous now. The historic pilgrimage was eventually abandoned, but Walter Starkie’s book The Road to Santiago helped to revive interest in it (1957). In 1993, the Original Way across Spain was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The French Way, which connects the roads in France, was added in 1998.

Santiago Matamoros is Complicated

Saint James the Moor-killer is the meaning of the name. It alludes to the mythical Battle of Clavijo, which took place in a tiny hamlet in the Spanish region of La Rioja. According to tradition, the long-dead Saint James reappeared and assisted a Christian army that was outnumbered in their battle against the Moors. Santiago Matamoros became a symbol of the Reconquista, the Christian reconquest of Muslim Spain, which began in Asturias, a nation-state to the east of Galicia and spread across the rest of the country.

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Fiesta de Santiago Apóstol in Loíza, Puerto Rico

Most municipalities with a Hispanic ancestry have a patron saint who is revered and honored. The patron saint of Loza, one of the most Afro-Puerto Rican communities in the country, is Santiago Apóstol. From late July to early August, Loza hosts the Fiesta de Santiago Apóstolhas carnival parades and musicians. It is one of the most beautiful patron saint festivities in Puerto Rico, and it is held every year in November.

St. James the Greater – Saints & Angels

The early life of Saint James the Greater is unknown, while it has been confirmed that he is the son of Zebedee and Salome, and that he is the brother of John the disciple, among other things. The title “the Greater” was given to St. James’ name in order to distinguish him from the Apostle James “the Less,” who is thought to have been somewhat shorter than James “the Greater,” according to tradition. Saint James the Greater was a follower of Jesus who was among the first to follow him. When Jesus arrived to the beaches of the Sea of Galilee, James was fishing with his father and John the Apostle when he asked for the fishermen, who had been unable to catch any fish that day, to dip their nets back into the sea.

  • When the fishermen followed Jesus’ directions, they discovered that their nets were overflowing with fish, and after loading the fish onto the boats, the boats were on the verge of sinking due to the weight of the catch.
  • Following Christ’s ascension, James went forth and preached the Gospel throughout Israel, as well as across the Roman Empire.
  • One day, when he was praying, the Blessed Virgin Mary appeared to him and requested that he construct a church for her; he agreed and built the church.
  • As the first apostle to die, St.
  • His bones were transferred to Compostela, Spain, by a group of his disciples, who buried him there because he was not allowed to be buried in his hometown after his martyrdom.
  • His bones can still be found today in the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela.
  • The Prayer of St.

James, who, because of thy fervent and generous heart, wast chosen by Jesus to be a witness to His glory on Mount Tabor,and of His agony in Gethsemane;thou, Amen.

Saint James Day

Saint James was a member of Jesus’ first twelve apostles. He was the son of Zebedee and the brother of John the Apostle. He was born in the city of Nazareth. James is often referred to as Saint James the Greater to distinguish him from the other apostle James, son of Alphaeus, who is also known as James the Less. The apostle is referred to as “the Greater” because it is thought that he was taller than James, son of Alphaeus, who was his contemporary. James the Greater was given this title in part because he was more closely associated with Jesus than James the son of Alphaeus, who was known as James the Less because he was closer to his father.

James was among the first to be called to the discipleship of Jesus

James, along with his younger brother John, was one of the first people to be called into the discipleship of Jesus Christ. James and his brother John were well-known for having a fiery demeanor throughout their time with Jesus. James was considered to be one of Jesus’ closest associates. James, Peter, and John were the only apostles who were there when he was transfigured. Following Christ’s ascension, James sought to spread the gospel across Israel and Spanish territory. While in Spain, James is said to have received an apparition of the Virgin Mary at Zaragoza, where he was staying at the time.

In 44AD, he returned to Jerusalem, where he was apprehended by Herod Agrippa I, the grandson of Herod the Great, who had ordered his arrest.

Historically, he is regarded as the first apostle to be martyred for his Christian beliefs.

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The relics of James were sent to Spain by his disciples after he was slain. Supposedly, they set out on a boat in the middle of the night without a rudder or a steersman. They placed their faith in God, knowing that they would be aided by the Angles on their journey. They arrived at Padrón, on the seashore, and transported his body inland, where he was laid to rest. Santiago de Compostela is the name given to the place where he is buried today. Until they were discovered by a shepherd in the 9th Century, his bones were left untouched for hundreds of years.

His voyage was completed by providing safety along the path for pilgrims on their way to see Saint James’ relics in Santiago de Compostela.

There have been some questions about the genuineness of the relics of Saint James, which have been raised in the past.

It’s probable that his relics were split between two different churches during his lifetime. The Bull of Pope Leo XIII, issued in 1884, provided a strong affirmation of the relics at Santiago de Compostela.

Saint James and Battles

The Apostle’s relics are not the only link that the Apostle has to the country of his birth. According to Spanish mythology, at the epic Battle of Clavijo, Saint James came and fought on the side of the Christians against the invading Moor tribes. Santiago, y Cierra, Espaa!’ was the customary battle cry of the Spanish soldiers throughout the Middle Ages, and it was derived from this. At some point during the 12th century, a military order known as The Order of St James of the Sword, or the Order of Santiago, was established.

James’ Way.

Saint James Feast Day

Saint James is the patron saint of Galicia, as well as of the entire country of Spain. He is also known as the patron saint of pilgrims. Traditionally, his Feast Day is observed on the 25th of July. This is a particularly memorable day for pilgrims on the Camino de Santiago, and it is well worth the effort to be in Santiago during the festivities. The festivities in Santiago de Compostela begin ten days before the official festival day of July 25th. During this time period, there is a noteworthy rise in the number of pilgrims who arrive in the city of Mecca.

  1. Regional dances and bagpipes will be performed and heard across the area, as well as a variety of other open-air festivals and events.
  2. The façade of the cathedral is illuminated with a one-of-a-kind and spectacular light show that evening.
  3. Every year is different, so if you have the opportunity to attend in person, we strongly encourage it!
  4. They are generally centered on the life and work of Saint James, who is venerated across Spain.
  5. James, which is July 25th.

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In the Cathedral, there is a Botafumeiro, which is a massive incense burner that requires eight people to swing and is one of the largest in the world. During its swinging motion, the Botafumeiro will fill the Cathedral with smoke and a lovely fragrance. It is possible to combine your Camino with one of the festivities commemorating Saint James’ Day to create a unique experience. Visit this page to view our video clip on The Arrival of St. James, which has further information about the Saint.

Discover The Way of Saint James For Yourself!

Participate in the annual pilgrimage of hundreds of thousands of people along the Way of Saint James to Santiago de Compostela. Follow the Camino is a major Camino operator, specializing in customizing Camino itineraries to meet the needs and interests of pilgrims of all levels and backgrounds. We have decades of expertise in providing walking holidays on the Camino de Santiago, so you can be certain that your travel arrangements and assistance will be in excellent hands.

Getting in contact with one of our professional Camino Planners is the best way to get started organizing your adventure on the Camino de Santiago. We can answer any and all of your inquiries, as well as assist you in planning the Camino de Santiago of a lifetime.

The Camino is Open for 2022 Bookings!

Please get in touch with us. The original version of this article was published on July 27th, 2020.

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Patron Saint of Laborers’ Day is celebrated on July 25th. There was no indication that this would be the day when his life would be forever altered for James. For him, the dawn signaled the conclusion of a long and futile night of fishing, not the beginning of a sparkling new day in the sun. As James sat in the boat with his brother John and his father Zebedee, mending his nets, he must have watched in awe as his companion Simon brought in nets full with fish that he had caught at the order of Jesus, which he must have thought was incredible.

Did he have feelings of curiosity, anxiety, optimism, or envy as he watched Jesus move toward him, followed by Simon and Andrew?

James and John abandoned their boat, and even their father, in the wake of Jesus, without a word of protest or dispute.

We are well aware that Jesus became the central focus of James’ life from that point on, but it is also clear that James played an important role in Jesus’ life.

James had to have trust and dedication in order to be selected as one of the twelve.

In the case of Jairus’ daughter, when everyone believed she had died, Jesus only permitted James, John, and Peter to accompany him.

And it was on the mountain that they were given the opportunity to see what no one else had witnessed before – Jesus transfigured in his splendor, speaking to Moses and Elijah as if the voice of God were coming from a cloud to them.

The apostle James must have been a close and respected companion of Jesus in order to be singled out in this way.

As a sign of his love, Jesus did not chastise them, but instead inquired as to what they desired.

He responded by saying that they didn’t understand what they were asking.

Were they allowed to drink from the cup he would drink from?

He reassured them that they would indeed drink from the cup in question.

However, Jesus took use of the situation to educate them all that in order to be great, one must first be a servant.

The Sons of Thunder moniker may have been given to them by Jesus because of their zeal, their own fire, or their anger.

Jesus chose James, Peter, and John to accompany him to the Garden of Gethsemane for his final prayer before his arrest, despite the confusion caused by all of these misconceptions.

James did indeed drink from the cup that Jesus drank from, but it was far too soon after the Resurrection.

During a period of early persecution of the Church, King Herod Agrippa I assassinated him with a sword.

James is referred to as James the Greater since another apostle by the name of James was also named James.

By that time, St.

Legends have developed up claiming that James evangelized Spain before his death, but there is no historical basis for these claims.

Please pray for us that we would be as eager to forsake everything and follow Jesus as you were. Thank You, Saint James! Please assist us in becoming special friends of Jesus in the same way that you were. Amen.

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