What Is St James The Lesser The Patron Saint Of

St. James the Lesser, Apostle and Martyr

St. James the Lesser is a saint who lived in the fourth century. ” data-image-caption=”” In both cases, the data-medium-file attribute is set to 1 and the data-large-file attribute is set to 1. loading=”lazy” src=”ssl=1″ alt=”” width=”205″ height=”567″ src=”ssl=1″ alt=”” srcset=”ssl=1 205w,ssl=1 108w” srcset=”ssl=1 205w,ssl=1 108w” srcset=”ssl=1 205w,ssl=1 108w” sizes=”(max-width: 205px) 100vw, 205px” styles=”(max-width: 205px) 100vw, 205px” data-recalc-dims=”1″> Identity as an apostle. In the original twelve apostles, there are two St.

James the Less, also known as St.

Philip, both of whom are named after the apostle James.

There are a variety of possible theories for why he is referred to as “less.” According to popular belief, he was chosen because he was younger than the other James, who was older in years.

  1. Relationship with one’s family.
  2. Joseph or Joses was his brother’s given name.
  3. “His brothers James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas?” the people of Nazareth inquired of Jesus (Mt 13:55; see Mt 12:46), or “James and Joses and Judas and Simon” (Mt 13:55; see Mt 12:46).
  4. A One-of-a-Kind Experience Following his resurrection from the grave, Jesus appeared to James (1 Cor 15:7).
  5. James was the first bishop of the early Christian church in Jerusalem, and he is often considered as the founder of the church.
  6. As president of the Council of Jerusalem in 51 AD, James argued persuasively that Gentile converts should not be required to observe Jewish food regulations (Acts 15:13-21), earning him the nickname “James the Just.” James is also known as “James the Just” because of his impartiality.
  7. (Acts 21:18).

He is credited with writing the Letter of James (Jas 1:1).

For more than thirty years, James preached the gospel with extraordinary fervor in Jerusalem, and he was responsible for the conversion of a large number of individuals to Christianity.

James was caught by an angry mob in the year 62 AD when he refused to denounce Jesus.

Despite the fact that he was still alive, the crowd started to stone him, and while he pleaded for their forgiveness, he was beaten and clubbed to death.

As a result of his expulsion from the Temple, St.

The apostle is also occasionally represented holding or preaching from a book or a scroll, holding a pastoral staff or a walking stick, representing his role as shepherd of the church of Jerusalem, or holding a green branch or palm branch, representing his role as martyr, among other things.


Joseph, who is also the patron saint of the dying.

Aside from these professions, he is the patron saint of fullers (those who clean, shrink, or thicken cloth), hatters, and druggists as well. St. James the Lesser,St. Philip the Apostle,St. James the Greater Hotdishes for Catholics are categorized as follows:

James the Great – Wikipedia

SaintJames the Great
Saint James the GreatbyGuido Reni
Born Bethsaida,Galilee,Roman Empire
Died AD 44Jerusalem,Judea, Roman Empire
Canonized Pre-Congregation
Feast 25 July (Western Christianity)30 April (Eastern Christianity) 30 December (Hispanic Church)
Attributes Red Martyr,Scallop,Pilgrim’s hat
Patronage PlacesSpain,Guatemala,Seattle,Nicaragua,Guayaquil,Betis Church, Guagua,Pampanga,Badian,Buhay Na Tubig, Imus,Paete, Laguna,Sogod,Cebu,Philippinesand some places ofMexico.ProfessionsVeterinarians,equestrians,furriers,tanners,pharmacists,oyster fishers,woodcarvers.

The Apostle James the Great, also known asJames the Son of Zebedee or as Saint James the Greater (Aramaic: Yaqq; Arabic: ; Hebrew: Yaqq; Latin: Iacobus Maximus; Greek: o) was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus and the first to be martyred, according to the New Testament. He was born in Bethlehem, Israel, and died in AD 44. Saint James is the patron saint ofSpain, and according to tradition, his relics are housed at the city of Santiago de Compostela in the Galician province of Galicia.

In the New Testament

Zerbee and Salome’s son, James is referred to as “the Greater” to separate him from the ApostleJames “the Less,” with greater implying that he is older or taller rather than that he is more significant. John the Apostle’s brother, James the Great, was born in the same year as John the Apostle. James is identified as one of the first disciples to follow Jesus into the city of Jerusalem. According to the Synoptic Gospels, James and John were with their father by the seaside when Jesus summoned them to come with him to follow him.

  1. According to one legend, Jesus granted James and John (or, in another, their mother) seats on his right and left in the kingdom of heaven.
  2. The other apostles were dissatisfied with their behavior.
  3. The Acts of the Apostlesrecords that “Herod the king” (generally associated with Herod Agrippa I) ordered James to be killed by sword, which is consistent with the tradition.
  4. When compared to the narrative of the Liberation of Saint Peter, F.
  5. Bruce comments that the fact that “James should die but Peter should escape” is a “mystery of divine providence.”


Saint James is the patron saint of Spain in the Catholic faith, and according to legend, his bones are interred at the city of Santiago de Compostela in the Galician province of Galicia. This nameSantiagois the result of a local development of the LatinGenitive. In Latin, Sancti Iacobo means “(church or sanctuary) of Saint James” (which has evolved into a personal name in Spanish and even in Portuguese – Tiago -, with its derivativesDiego / Diogo) and in English, it means “Saint James’s Church or Sanctuary.” Traditional pilgrimages to the tomb of the saint, known as the ” Way of St.

  • The Pilgrims of St.
  • It is estimated that 327,378 pilgrims officially registered in 2018 as having completed the last 100 kilometer (62 mile) walk or the final 200 kilometres (120 mile) bicycle ride from Santiago to qualify for aCompostela award.
  • Jubilee years follow a pattern of 6-5-6-11 (unless when the last year of a century is not a leap year, in which case there might be a gap of 7 or 12 years between jubilee years).
  • The number had increased to 272,412 at the end of the Holy Year 2010.
  • On the liturgical calendars of the Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran, and some Protestant churches, the feast day of St.
  • In the Orthodox Christian liturgical calendar, he is celebrated on April 30, which is his birthday (for those churches which follow the traditionalJulian Calendar, 30 April currently falls on 13 May of the modernGregorian Calendar).

Galicia’s national day is also commemorated on July 25th, in honor of St James, who is the country’s patron saint. The Apostle James is commemorated in the Church of England with a Festival on the 25th of July.


The location of the martyrdom is within the Armenian Apostolic Cathedral of St. James, which is located in the Armenian Quarter of Jerusalem. King Agrippa ordered his beheading (Acts 12:1–2). The traditional location of his martyrdom is the Chapel of St. James the Great, which is to the left of the sanctuary and is placed to the left of the sanctuary. Afterward, his body was buried beneath the altar, which was marked by a piece of red marble and encircled by six votive lights.


Apostle James, son of Zebedee, is credited with spreading Christianity throughout Spain, according to Catholic legend. When he was 44 years old, he was beheaded in Jerusalem, and his ashes were later transported to Galicia in a stone boat, to the site where today’s Santiago de Compostela Cathedral sits. The Historia Compostelana, written in the 12th century and commissioned bybishopDiego Gelmrez, presents a synopsis of the legend of St. James as it was believed in Compostela at the time of writing.

James preached the gospel both in Spain and in the Holy Land; and second, that after his martyrdom at the hands of Herod Agrippa, St.

According to legend, the transfer of his relics from Jerusalem to Galicia in the northwest of Iberia was accomplished through a series of miraculous events: after being decapitated in Jerusalem with a sword by Herod Agrippa himself, his body was taken up by angels and sailed in an unattended boat toIria Flavia in Iberia, where a massive rock closed around his relics, which were later removed to Compostela.

  • According to traditional local belief, the Virgin Mary appeared to James on the bank of the Ebro River near Caesaraugusta on the 2nd of January, AD 40, when he was preaching the Gospel in Spain at the time.
  • As a result of the vision, St.
  • It is believed that the finding of the relics of the saint occurred during the reign of King Alfonso II (791–842) and Bishop Theodemir of Iria, according to local legend in Compostela.
  • Known as the Way of St.
  • Eventually, James was elevated to the position of patron saint of Spain.


In the year AD 44, James was martyred. According to early Christian legend, he had not yet left Jerusalem at the time of this event. One line of argument in support of this assertion is found in theEpistle to the Romans, which was written after AD 44 and in which Paul expresses his desire to avoid “building on someone else’s foundation” by visiting Spain, suggesting that he was unaware of any previous evangelization efforts in Hispania, suggesting that he was unaware of any previous evangelization efforts in Hispania.

  • St.
  • A competing version places the apostle’s relics at the church ofSt.
  • Saint James’ burial in Compostela was not universally recognized, and some modern historians, like Louis Duchesne and T.
  • Kendrick, have come to oppose the tradition in the wake of this.

In addition to the legend’s very recent emergence, the Catholic Encyclopedia (1908) identified various “difficulties” or grounds for skepticism about it, including the following: Even though it was common knowledge in the year 700 that James established anapostolic seein Iberia, there is no specific mention of this tradition in the genuine writings of early writers or in the early councils; the first specific mention of this tradition is found in the ninth century, in Notker, a monk of St.

Gall (Martyrologia, 25 July), Walafrid Strabo (Poema de XII Apostoli), and others.

The Bollandists, on the other hand, defended it. (They provide more references in their Acta Sanctorum, July VI and VII.) As previously stated, Pope Leo XIII, in his 1884 bullOmnipotens Deus, expressed his trust in the validity of the relics at Santiago de Compostela.

Medieval “Santiago Matamoros” legend

An even later myth claims that he appeared mysteriously to fight for the Christian army at the famed Battle of Clavijo, and that he was christened Santiago Matamoros as a result of his appearance (Saint James theMoor -slayer). “Santiago and shut up, Spain!” says the narrator. Battle cries such as “St. James and strike for Spain” were used by medieval Spanish (Christian) troops in their battles. “The great knight of the russet cross was given by God to Spain as patron and defender,” says Miguel de Cervantes in Don Quixote.

The possibility that a cult of James was established to supplant the Galician cult of Priscillian (who was executed in 385), who was widely venerated across northern Iberia as a martyr (by the hands of the local bishops rather than as a heretic), should not be dismissed should not be dismissed out of hand.

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The Catholic Encyclopedia of 1908, on the other hand, is extremely circumspect regarding the cult’s roots (see above at”Controversy”).


The scallopshell (sometimes known as the “cockle shell”) was James’ insignia, and pilgrims to his shrine were often seen sporting it on their caps or clothing. Scallops are referred to in French as coquille St. Jacques, which literally translates as “cockle (or mollusc) of Jacob.” The German term for scallop isJakobsmuschel, which literally translates as “Jacob’s mussel (or clam)”; the Dutch word for scallop isJacobsschelp, which literally translates as “Jacob’s shell.” The phrase Ibskal has the same meaning in Danish as it does in Dutch; Ib is a Danish form of the name Jakob, and skal is a Danish word that means shell.

Military Order of Santiago

It was in the 12th century that the militaryOrder of Santiago was established in Spain, named for Saint Tiago or Saint James, in order to battle the Moors. Later, like with other orders of chivalry, membership in the Order of the Garter became a badge of honor.

Latter-day Saints

Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery were present when the Apostles James, Peter, and John appeared to them as heavenly messengers in 1829 and conferred upon them both, and thus restored, the Aaronic and Melchizedek priesthoods, as well as the authority of apostolic succession to them, as well as exclusively on earth to their organization, according to the teachings of the Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).

In Islam

They are not identified by their names or numbers in the Quran, nor are they given any lengthy descriptions of their life in the book of Revelation. Muslimexegesis, on the other hand, more or less agrees with the New Testamentlist and claims that the disciples includedPeter, Philip, Thomas, Bartholomew, Matthew, Andrew, James, Jude, John, and Simon the Zealot in addition to others.

See also

  • It is also known as the Secret Book of James. Other names for it include the Apocryphon of James (also spelled Camino de Santiago), Cathedral of St. James (disambiguation), Hand of St James the Apostle, Jacob, and the Camino de Santiago (disambiguation). St. James the Sword, a military order founded by Saint James the Sword
  • Our Lady of the Pillar, a Marian/angelic apparition that James is said to have had
  • A saint named Peter of Rates
  • Saint James, son of Zebedee, patron saint of archives
  • A saint named Peter of Rates St. James’ Church (disambiguation)
  • Santiago Matamoros (lit. “Saint James the Moor-slayer”)
  • Santiago Matamoros (lit. “Saint James the Moor-slayer”).


  1. Camerlynck 1910
  2. Nixon 1963, p. 1354
  3. Bruce 1964, p. 251
  4. Starkie 1957
  5. “Estadisticas antiguas” (Old Statistics). The Cathedral of Saint James (in Spanish). Retrieved on the 26th of July, 2021. Statistics from the past
  6. “Peregrinos in the Last Few Years” Statistics from the last few years (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 1 January 2010
  7. “La Peregrinación a Santiago en 2010″(PDF) is a document on the pilgrimage to Santiago in 2010. (in Spanish). “The Calendar” was published on 29 November 2015 and has been archived in PDF format. The Church of England is a denomination in the United Kingdom. “Photo of the altar in the Chapel of St. James the Great,” which was retrieved on March 27, 2021. The original version of this article was published on September 27, 2011. Clement of Alexandria,Stromateis, VI
  8. Apollonius,Ecclesiastical HistoryV.xviii)
  9. Kendrick 1960
  10. Cervantes 1863, p. 441
  11. Doctrine and Covenants27:12
  12. AbChadwick 1976
  13. Fletcher 1984
  14. AbC According to NoegelWheeler 2003, p. 86, Muslim interpretation lists the disciples of Jesus as Peter, Andrew, Matthew, Thomas, Philip, John, James, Bartholomew, and Simon, with the exception of Judas Iscariot.


  • Commentary on the Book of Acts, written by F. F. Bruce in 1964. Wm. B. Eerdmans
  • Camerlynck, Achille (Grand Rapids, Michigan) (1910). “St. James the Greater” is an abbreviation. According to Charles Herbermann (ed.). The Catholic Encyclopedia, 8th edition, New York: Robert Appleton Company
  • Chadwick, Henry (1976), Priscillian of Avila, Oxford University Press
  • Cervantes, Miguel de Cervantes, Priscillian of Avila, Oxford University Press
  • (1863). Don Quixote de la Mancha: A Revised Translation Based on the Works of Motteux, Jarvis, and Smollett. New York: Harper & Row. D. Appleton & Company
  • Fletcher, Richard A. New York: D. Appleton & Company (1984), The Catapult of Saint James: The Life and Times of Diego Gelmrez of Santiago de Compostela is a book on the life and times of Diego Gelmrez of Santiago de Compostela. Clarendon Press, ISBN 978-0-19-822581-2
  • Kendrick, Thomas Downing
  • Kendrick, Thomas Downing (1960). St. James is venerated throughout Spain. Methuen
  • Nixon, R. E.
  • Nixon, R. E. (1963). “Boanerges”. According to J. D. Douglas (ed.). The New International Bible Dictionary. Inter-Varsity Press
  • Noegel, Scott B
  • Wheeler, Brandon M. London: Inter-Varsity Press (2003). In Islam and Judaism, there is a historical dictionary of prophets. Scarecrow Press, Lanham, Maryland, ISBN 978-0810843059
  • Starkie, Walter (1957). The Road to Santiago de Compostela. The Pilgrims of St. James are a group of people who go to the Holy Land to seek religious guidance. OCLC28087235
  • E. P. Dutton, New York
  • OCLC28087235

Further reading

  • “St. James the Great, Apostle,” Butler’s Lives of the Saints
  • “St. James the Great, Apostle”
  • A biography of St. James the Great, his miracles, and his martyrdom
  • A biography of St. James the Great, an apostle and martyr of the Christian Church
  • The Way of St. James is a pilgrimage route that begins in Spain and ends in England. Follow St. James’s footsteps on the trip to Santiago de Compostela with the help of this pilgrimage guide. Apostle James the Theologian’s BrotherOrthodoxiconandsynaxarion
  • History
  • St. James the Greater, Apostleat theChristian Iconographyweb site
  • Apostle James the Theologian’s BrotherOrthodoxiconandsynaxarion St. James the Greater, as shown in Caxton’s translation of the Golden Legend
  • The patron saint of Spain, whose feast day is celebrated at Santiago de Compostela every July

St. James the Lesser – Saints & Angels

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  • Help Now St.
  • James the Less.
  • TheApostle had a prominent role in the early Christiancommunity of Jerusalem throughout his lifetime.
  • Paul informs us that he was a witness to the Resurrection of Christ; he is also referred to as a “pillar” of the Church, with whom St.
  • Tradition has it that he was the first Bishop of Jerusalem, and that he was present at the Council of Jerusalem in approximately the year 50.
  • James was killed for his faith by the Jews in the Spring of the year 62, despite the fact that the Jews greatly admired him and had given him the moniker “James the Just.” Traditional scholarship has long regarded him as the author of the Epistle that bears his name as a certainty.

Evidence from the early Fathers and Councils of the Church verified its validity and canonicity on the basis of external evidence.

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  1. Demonstrate to the rest of the world that you value access to Catholic education.
  2. Help Now It is impossible to pinpoint the precise date when it was written.
  3. Many others, on the other hand, claim that it was written after St.
  4. It was most likely composed between 60 and 62 A.D., according to historical evidence.
  5. James addresses himself to the “twelve tribes that are in the Dispersion,” that is, to Christians living outside of Palestine; nonetheless, there is nothing in the Epistle that suggests he is solely thinking of Jewish Christians.
  6. James is fully aware of the temptations and challenges they face as Christians living in the midst of paganism, and as a spiritual father, he makes every effort to guide and direct them in their faith.
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Alumnus: Christian Dennis, M.Eng. ’20, ’22 This gospel text is well-known to many of us, and it is easy to pass it by without noticing. The Church encourages us to think on these miraculous feedings on a regular basis, in part because Jesus feeds his hungry followers according to the accounts of all four evangelists. Nonetheless, let us proceed by carefully reading Mark’s narrative. In this text, what does the Holy Spirit want to communicate to us via Mark? Mark makes the first observation on how Jesus looks at his followers.

  • This might be a difficult passage for us to comprehend.
  • I don’t want to be likened to a typical herd animal, yet that is exactly what is happening.
  • Mark then demonstrates to us via the statements of the disciples that they were in a desolate region without food.
  • This is too much for me; I don’t have enough for people around me.
  • In this passage, Mark presents Jesus as he is depicted in the psalms.
  • In his footsteps, I find myself by tranquil water (Ps 23:2).
  • At conclusion, dear brothers and sisters, know that Jesus sees us, even in the most desolate parts of our life, and he is pleading with us to surrender ourselves to him so that he might lead us into the fullness that he wishes for each of us.

James the Lesser?

As a result of his extraordinary holiness, James, whose feast day is observed on May 3, was dubbed “the Just.” He is the author of the Letter of James, which advised Jewish converts all over the globe on how to live a holy life, emphasizing the necessity of good acts as a manifestation of faith, among other things. Jesus invited James, son of Zebedee, to be a disciple some time after the call of James, son of Zebedee, which resulted in James being referred to as “the Lesser” by the disciples.

  • Paul met with him to discuss how to carry out the mission of the Church in the most effective way.
  • According to one narrative, following Christ’s crucifixion, James declared that he would fast until Christ appeared again.
  • As a Christian leader who believed that Gentile converts to Christianity were exempt from Jewish law, James opted to follow not just conventional Jewish traditions, but also the tougher Nazarite vow, which was imposed on him by the Jewish community.
  • His knees were characterized as being as hard as camel’s hooves by writers because of the amount of time he spent kneeling on them in prayer.
  • Despite the fact that he was well-liked by the majority of the people, certain scribes and Pharisees were envious of his power over the populace.

Most of the time, he is seen with a book and a club in his hands. Pharmacists, fullers, and hatmakers are among the professions that have adopted him as their patron saint since they all utilize clubs in their work.

Saint James

Known as St. James the Less, also known as James the Son of Alphaeus or St. James the Younger, he was one of the Twelve Apostles ofJesus who lived in the first century CE (Western feast day is May 3; Eastern feast day is October 9). It is possible that James is the son of Mary (not Jesus’ mother), who is named among the ladies present at Jesus’ execution and burial (Mark 15:40, 16:1; Matthew 27:56). St. James the Greater, son of Zebedee, and St. James, the Lord’s brother are not to be confused with him; he was not one of the Twelve Apostles, and they were not the same person.

  1. Jude will depend on which version of the Bible is used.
  2. The rest of his life is a mystery, and a late narrative of his martyrdom in Persia is a fabrication.
  3. James, the Lord’s brother, on May 1, the date of the dedication of the Church of the Holy Apostles in Rome, to which supposed relics of these saints were brought about 560.
  4. James, the Lord’s brother, on May 1.
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Saint James the Less

Fast, concise facts and information about Saint JamesThe following provides fast and concise facts and information:
  • He is regarded as the patron saint of hat manufacturers. May 3rd is Memorial Day / Feast Day in the United States. Saint James died in the year 63 A.D., and the cause of death was a brain hemorrhage.
Who or what is Saint James the patron saint of?Saint James is the patron of Hat makers. Meanings, definition and origins – a patron is considered to be a defender of a specific group of people or of a nation. There is a patron for virtually every cause, profession or special interest. Prayers are considered more likely to be answered by asking a patron for intercession on their behalf.Prayer to St. James the LessThe Story and History of Saint James the LessThe story and history of Saint James the Less, who was one of the disciples of Jesus. James was believed to be the son of Alphaeus and was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. He is generally associated with the name James the Less. This is because there was already a more prominent James among the twelve apostles (James, son of Zebedee, who was considered the greater apostle), James, the son of Alphaeus, was called James the Less. James was thought to be a cousin of Jesus, by the sister of the Virgin Mary, and the brother of Saint Jude Thaddeus. After the crucifixion of Jesus James was created the first Bishop of Jerusalem. He was persecuted for his Christian faith and Simeon the fuller dashed out his brains. Fullers were people who performed the last steps in making cloth or cleaning clothes and a fuller’s club was used to beat clothes in order to clean them.Death of Saint JamesThere are two categories of saints: martyrs and confessors. A Christian martyr is regarded as one who is put to death for his Christian faith or convictions. Confessors are people who died natural deaths. Date of Death: Saint James died in A.D. 63. Cause of Death: Brains dashed out.How Saint James is represented in Christian ArtIt is helpful to be able to recognise Saint James in paintings, stained glass windows, illuminated manuscripts, architecture and other forms of Christian art. The artistic representations reflect the life or death of saints, or an aspect of life with which the person is most closely associated. Saint James is represented in Christian Art with a fuller’s club, the instrument with which Simeon the fuller dashed out his brains.Feast Day of Saint JamesThe Feast Day of Saint James is May 3rd. The origin of Feast Days: most saints have specially designated feast days and are associated with a specific day of the year and these are referred to as the saint’s feast day. The feast days first arose from the very early Christian custom of the annual commemoration of martyrs on the dates of their deaths at the same time celebrating their birth into heaven.

St James the Great the Patron Saint of Spain

St. James the Great was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and he is known as the “Great Apostle.” He was also known as James the Elder, and he was the first apostle to suffer martyrdom, as well as the first one whose death is mentioned in the New Testament. Saint James the Great is the patron saint of pilgrims and laborers. He was born to Zebedee and Salome and is the brother of John the Apostle. He is also renowned as the Patron Saint of Spain, and he has been given the Spanish title “Saint James the Moor-slayer,” which translates as “Saint James the Moor-slayer.” More information about the history of the Camino de Santiago may be found here.

Early Life

There is very little information available regarding Saint James the Greater’s early life. He was most likely born either in Bethsaida or Capernaum, where his father Zebedee resided at the time of his birth. His parents appear to have been well-connected in their community. Zebedee was a fisherman on the Sea of Galilee, which was located south of Capernaum. He had a small crew of boatmen and a few hired men who worked as slaves for him. Zahn believed that Salome, the wife of Zebedee and mother of James the Great, was the daughter of a priest, which led him to believe that she was not.

Other than two verses (Lk 8:51 and Acts 1:3), the Apostle James was usually named before John, implying that he was the older brother, according to tradition.

As a result, the Jews must have regarded them as uneducated and without formal status in their society.

Despite his lack of formal education, James had plenty of opportunities to be exposed to Greek culture and language, which flourished around the beaches of the Sea of Galilee throughout his lifetime.

Discipleship and Apostolate

Despite the fact that there are conflicting tales of how James came to be one of Jesus’ disciples, James was one of the early followers of Jesus. The gospel of John records that, after John the Baptist had announced the coming of the Kingdom of God, John became a disciple and later brought his brother James to live with him in the kingdom (Jn 1:35, 1:41). The discipleship ofApostle James is portrayed in greater length in the gospels of Matthew and Mark, as well as in Acts. When Jesus called out to them from the beaches of the Sea of Galilee, James and his brother and father were out fishing with their father and brother (Matt 4:21-22; Mk 1:19-20).

  • Following his instructions, they discovered that their nets were so swollen with fish that their boats were nearly sunk by the weight of the catch as soon as they began to load their nets into the boats.
  • John 1:41 describes how Jesus and his brother John, as well as the disciples Peter and Andrew, established the first selected group of disciples, before being called into the Apostleship with eight other disciples (Matt 10:1-4; Mk 3:13-19; Lk 6:12-16; Acts 1:13).
  • James, John, and Peter were present during the raising of Jairus’s daughter (Mk There is grounds to assume that Jesus was related to James and John on a family level.
  • According to this, Jesus was the brothers’ first cousin once removed, which may explain why they became his earliest disciples.


Saint James, son of Zebedee, was referred to as “the Greater” or “the Great” in order to distinguish him from Saint James “the Lesser” or “the Less,” a son of Alpheus who was believed to be younger or shorter in stature, as well as James the Just, brother of Jesus, who were both referred to as “the Lesser” or “the Less.” Saint James, son of Zebedee was referred to as “the Greater” or

Saint James, the Boanerges

James and John were given the Greek titleBoanerges, which means “Sons of Thunder” by Jesus (Mk 3:17). Several occurrences in the Synoptic Gospels illustrate their zealous and impulsive approach to evangelism, as well as their hostile temperament against the Jews (Lk 9:49, 9:54). The instances show that the brothers represented the character associated with the title bestowed upon them by their father.

Possibly, this might be explained by their racial origin, since Galileans were renowned for being tough and pious, as well as bold and hardworking, and as the staunchest advocates for Jews in the ancient world.

Santiago Matamoros (Saint James the Moor-Slayer)

Giovanni Battista Tiepolo was a painter who lived in the 16th century. A miracle is supposed to have occurred at the Battle of Clavijo, during which Saint James the Great miraculously appeared to assist an outnumbered Spanish Christian army, assisting them in their triumph over the Moors, who had begun their invasion of Hispania in AD 711. According to historical records, the fight took place between AD 834 and 844, almost 800 years after St James the Greater died. A white banner was wielded by Saint James, who appeared as a warrior on a white horse in the midst of a Spanish army, according to tradition.

“, which translates as “God help St.

According to several historians, the Battle of Clavijo never took place and that it was a fiction created to commemorate the genuine Battle of Monte Laturce (AD 859).

However, historian Jean Mitchell-Lanham points out that, despite the fact that the conflict was based on mythology, it supplied Spain with “one of the strongest ideological images” and contributed to the establishment of its national identity.


Following the death of Jesus in the year AD 30, St James continued to preach for another 14 years. He preached in Samaria and Judea, where he was assassinated by Herod Agrippa I, who reigned at the time. Herod was well-known for his fervor for Judaism, and he was regarded for having a high esteem for the Mosaic Law and Jewish traditions. During his tenure as king of Judea, the Jews were alarmed by the fast expansion of the Christian church in the region. On the occasion of Passover in AD 44, Herod seized members of the Church and ordered the murder of James the Great (Acts 12:1-2) because of his participation in Jewish-Christian communities and because his fiery temper must have made an impact on him.

James, the Patron Saint of Spain

Tradition holds that Saint James visited Spain previous to his death and that he established an Apostolic see on the island of Mallorca. Originating in Compostela, these traditions are briefly documented in the 12thcenturyHistoria Compostelana, which was commissioned by Bishop Diego Gelmirez and written in the Spanish language. James preached the gospel in both Iberia and Israel, and it is reported that after his martyrdom, his disciples transported his body over the sea to Iberia before transporting it all the way to Santiago de Compostela, where it was buried.

This apparition was eventually known as Nuestra Seora del Pilaror, which translates as “Our Lady of the Pillar.” According to other legends, the transfer of his relics from Judea to Iberia was made possible by a series of miraculous events; that after being decapitated by Herod Agrippa, his body was taken away by angels and placed in an unattended boat, which, upon arrival on the island of Iria Flavia, became encircled by a huge rock.

While King Alfonso II (AD 791-842) and Bishop Theodemir of Iria were in power, it is thought that his remains were unearthed during their time in power.

It is made up of many routes that go throughout Western Europe, with the final destination being Santiago de Compostela, where a shrine devoted to the saint may be found.

Because of the popularity of the pilgrimage destination, as well as his mythical participation in the Battle of Clavijo, St James the Greater was formally designated as the Patron Saint of Spain in 1598.


The stories of Compostela are in direct conflict with the traditions of the early Church. In accordance with Clement of Alexandria (Stromateis) and Apollonius (Ecclesiastical History VI.18, Eusubius), St James the Greater lived exclusively in Jerusalem from the time of his crucifixion in AD 44 until his death. Saint Paul stated in his Epistles to the Romans (AD 58) that he did not wish to “build on another man’s foundation” and that he intended to travel to Spain (Rom 15:20, 15:24), which shows that no other evangelist had visited the country at the time of the writing of the letter.

Furthermore, the legitimacy of the sacred relic at Santiago de Compostela has been called into question, particularly after the Church of St-Saturnin in Toulouse, France, claimed to be the repository for the remains of Saint James.

However, Notker of St.

The genuineness of the relic at Compostela is asserted by the Bull of Leo XIII, Omnipotens Deus, which was issued on November 1, 1884.

Saint James, Patron of Pilgrims and Laborers

The stories of Compostela are at odds with the traditions of the early Church. It is said that St James the Greater never left Jerusalem till the time of his execution in AD 44, according to Clement of Alexandria (Stromateis) and Apollonius (Ecclesiastical History VI.18, Eusubius). Saint Paul stated in his Epistles to the Romans (AD 58) that he did not wish to “build on another man’s foundation” and that he intended to travel to Spain (Rom 15:20, 15:24), which shows that no other evangelist had visited the country at the time of the composition of the Epistles.

Additionally, the legitimacy of the sacred relic at Santiago de Compostela has been called into question, particularly after the Church of St-Saturnin in Toulouse, France claimed to possess the remains of Saint James the Great.

In accordance with mythology, Notker of St.

Gall believes that the relics may have been transported to Compostela, however he is skeptical that the saint traveled all the way to Spain while he was still living. The validity of the relic at Compostela is confirmed by the Bull of Leo XIII, Omnipotens Deus, which was issued on November 1, 1884.

The Feast of Saint James the Great

The date of Saint James’ feast day varies depending on where you live. On July 25, Western Christianity observes the holiday, Eastern Christianity on April 30, and the Hispanic Church observes it on December 30, according to the calendar. Hiking is one of my favorite activities. Everything from the Camino de Santiago to the West Highland Way in Scotland, as well as day hikes and weekend excursions are available. Hiking is good for me since it relaxes me, clears my head, and maintains my body in reasonable shape.

My walk up Ben Nevis was one of the highlights of my trip.

Saint James the Lesser

Also referred to as

  • Jacobus Minor
  • James the Just
  • James the Less
  • James the Younger
  • James, son of Alphus
  • James, the brother of the Lord
  • Jacobus Minor
  • Jacobus
  • On three occasions: on one occasion (under the titleJames, son of Alpheus
  • Anglican)
  • On nine occasions (Orthodox asJames, son of Alpheus)
  • On twenty-third occasion (Luther Church in America asJames the Just)
  • On twenty-fifth occasion (Orthodox asJames the Righeous)
  • And on twenty-sixth occasion (Eastern Orthodox).

Cousin of Jesus with a profile. Saint Jude Thaddeus’s younger brother. Convert. Raised in a traditional Jewish household with all of the teaching in Scripture and Law that was part of that way of life. Convert. One of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ. The apostle Paul was one of the first to receive visions of the rising Jesus Christ. FirstBishopofJerusalem. Meeting with Saint Paul the Apostle to discuss Paul’s ideas for evangelism was scheduled. Although he continued to respect Jewish religious law himself as a part of his ancestry, he may have supported the notion that Gentile converts were not need to follow all Jewish religious law.

Following his death by beating, the club became his emblem almost immediately.


He is said to have spent so much time in prayer that his knees became thick and swollen, giving him the appearance of a camel’s.

  • When he was hurled from a pinnacle of the Temple in Jerusalem, he was stoned and battered with clubs, including fuller’s mallets, while praying for his assailants.
  • Individuals who are dying
  • Apothecaries, druggists, fullers (including hatters), milliners (including hatmakers), pharmacists (including inItaly)
  • Uruguayans (including inItaly)
  • And pharmacists (including inItaly).
  • Andora
  • Cornaredo
  • Diso
  • Frascati
  • Monterotondo
  • Nemi
  • San Giacomo Filippo
  • Selvino
  • Venegono Inferiore
  • Venegono Superiore

Representation Information Supplementary to the above

  • A Garner of Saints, by Allen Banks Hinds, M.A
  • Book of Saints, by the Monks of Ramsgate
  • Catholic Encyclopedia, by A Camerlynck
  • A Garner of Saints, by Allen Banks Hinds, M.A
  • A Garner of Saints, by Allen Banks ASV (American Standard Version) of James’s Epistle
  • Instructions for Goffine’s Devoutness
  • Legendary status
  • Lives of Illustrious Men, by Saint Jerome
  • Lives of the Saints, by Father Alban Butler
  • Lives of the Saints, by Father Alban Butler Father Médaille’s Meditations on the Gospels for Every Day of the Year
  • Father Médaille’s Meditations on the Gospels for Every Day of the Year
  • A new Catholic dictionary is being published. Lives of the Saints shown in pictures
  • Pope Benedict XVI’s General Audience was held on June 28, 2006. The Martyrology of the Romans, 1914 edition
  • Dominicans who are saints and Dominicans who are saintly
  • The Saints of the Canon, written by Monsignor John T. McMahon
  • And A poem by Katherine Rabenstein, entitled Saints of the Day
  • Brief Biographies of the Saints, written by Eleanor Cecilia Donnelly
  • Books on the Pilgrim of Our Lady of Martyrs
  • The Pilgrim of Our Lady of Martyrs
  • Franciscan Media
  • Independent Catholic News
  • Catholic Online
  • Christian Biographies by James Kiefer
  • Christian Iconography
  • Cradio
  • Daily Prayers
  • Saints Stories for All Ages
  • UCatholic
  • Wikipedia
  • Wikipedia.
  • Santi e Beati
  • Wikimedia Commons: James the Less
  • Wikimedia Commons: James the Just
  • Santi e Beati
  • Martirologio Romano, 2005 edition
  • Cathopedia (Cathopedia) Santi and Beati
  • Santi and Beati
  • Wikipedia

Citation in MLA Format

  • “Saint James the Lesser” is an abbreviation. CatholicSaints.Info (accessed November 16, 2021). 4th of January, 2022
  • Web.

Saint May 3 : St. James the Lesser Apostle – Patron of #Pharmacists

Patron saint of:apothecaries, druggists, dying people, fullers, hatmakers, hatters, milliners, pharmacists, and others. In order to distinguish him from another apostle of the same name, son of Zebedee, St. James was given the title “the Less.” This title is thought to have originated because he was called to the apostleship later than the other apostle, or because of his small stature, or because he was still a child when the apostleship was first established. He is also known by the title of James the Just, a title that, along with Hegesippus and St.

He was the son of Alpheus and Mary, the sister of the Blessed Virgin, and it is believed that he was born a few years before the birth of Jesus Christ.

James, to establish a base of operations.

Following the resurrection of his Master, he was graced with an incredible apparition of his Master.

James the Just, John, and Peter, and that they in turn passed it on to the remaining apostles.

Jerome and Epiphanius state that after our Lord ascended into heaven, he proposed to St.

James bishop of Jerusalem before their dispersion.


John did the same thing; others claim that St.

It was most likely done in the manner of a Jewish high priest, according to tradition.

James managed that church with such exceptional virtue that the Jews themselves regarded him as a saint.

Jerome cite Hegesippus as having given the following account of his person: “He was always a virgin, and he was a Nazarite, which means he was committed to the service of God.

He had prostrated himself for so long in prayer that the flesh on his knees and forehead had hardened, like the hoofs of a camel.” He claims that during a severe drought, when he stretched out his arms to the heavens, he received rain almost immediately as a result of his prayers.

Because of this similar veneration for his person, he was granted the privilege of going at his leisure into the Sanctum or Holy place, which was that area of the temple where no one but the priests was permitted to enter according to the rule.

Jerome, the Jews fought over who would be the first to touch the hem of his robe out of a sense of reverence.

Then, having confirmed what St.

This apostle, as bishop of a church that at the time was mostly comprised of Jewish converts, condoned the practice of legal rites and, along with others, counseled St.

He is the author of a canonical epistle, which he penned in Greek and is considered to be the first letter written in the Greek language.

It was written some time after the letters of St.

As a result, it could not have been written before the year 59, which would have been fourteen years after the death of St.

He writes this letter to challenge false teachers who, by misusing particular language in St.

As an aside, he offers good guidelines for living a virtuous life and exhorts the faithful not to overlook the sacrament of severe unction when they are sick.

While St.

Gregory the Great demonstrates.

James simply provided broad guidelines for this liturgy, which was afterwards refined or expanded based on his recommendations.

Clement of Alexandria and St.

The Jews, frustrated with the failure of their wicked schemes against St.

James as a result of the plea.

Accordingly, Ananus, the high-priest and son of the legendary Annas described in the gospels, who had gathered the Sanhedrim, or grand council of the Jews, called St.

Saint James was accused of breaching the rules and handed to the populace to be stoned to death, according to Josephus, the Jewish historian of the first century AD.

However, St.

Indeed, he screamed out from the battlements, in the midst of a large crowd that had gathered in Jerusalem for the Passover, that Jesus, the Son of Man, was seated at the right side of the Sovereign Majesty and that he would descend from the clouds of heaven to judge the people of earth.

The rabble below him greeted him with stone showers, and at last a fuller struck him in the head with his club, similar to that used in the dressing of clothes, causing him to pass away shortly after.

He was buried near the temple, on the spot where he had been martyred, where a modest column had been raised in his honor.

Jerome, Origen, and Eusebius, who assure us that Josephus himself declared it in the genuine editions of his history, among other sources.

In the fourth century, the episcopal throne of St. James was treated with reverence in the holy city of Jerusalem. Around the year 572, it is stated that his relics were carried to Constantinople for veneration. – Butler, a saint from the lives of the saints

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