- 1 St. Andrew
- 2 St. Andrew the Apostle – Saints & Angels
- 3 Saint Andrew the Apostle
- 4 About St. Andrew, Our Patron Saint
- 5 About St. Andrew – Patron Saint Article
- 6 St Andrew, Patron Saint of Scotland
- 7 Who Was St Andrew?
- 8 Saint Andrew
- 8.1 Andrew was one of the apostles
- 8.2 The saltire (diagonal cross) on the Scottish flag comes from Andrew’s execution
- 8.3 There were other contenders for Scotland’s patron saint
- 8.4 While St Andrew never came to Scotland, it is said that his remains did
- 8.5 The town that became St Andrews became the centre of Scottish religious life
- 8.6 St Andrew’s status as patron saint of Scotland was established by 1320
- 8.7 Other countries have St Andrew as their patron saint
- 8.8 Interest in Andrew revived and evolved in the Renaissance
- 8.9 Even the Reformation did not destroy St Andrew’s status
- 8.10 St Andrew’s Day took off not in Scotland, but the New World
- 8.11 St Andrews Day has relatively recently been a public holiday in Scotland
- 9 Why St Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland and many other territories
- 10 Feast of St. Andrew the Apostle
- 11 Who was St Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland?
- 12 Sign upto our daily newsletter
- 13 St Andrew – Patron Saint of Scotland
Home PhilosophyReligion Personages associated with religion Scholars SaintsPopes St. Andrew, also known as Saint Andrew the Apostle, was one of Jesus’ Twelve Apostles and the brother of St. Peter. He died at Patras, Achaia, in the 60s or 70s CE, and his feast day is November 30. He is the patron saint of Scotland as well as the Russian Federation. After being summoned away from their fishing byJesus, who promised them that he would make them “fishers of men,” the Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) describe how Peter and Andrew—whose Greek name means “manly”—were called away from their fishing byJesus and told to join him.
In the Gospel of John According to the Gospel of John, Andrew is the first named apostle, and he was a follower of St.
Quiz on the Encyclopedia Britannica Quiz on the History of Christianity Who is the patron saint of Scotland, and how did he come to be?
With this short quiz, you can see how much you know about the lengthy and varied history of Christianity.
- The Acts of Andrew, the Acts of Andrew and Matthias, and the Acts of Peter and Andrew are all apocryphal works that are centered on him.
- An X-shaped cross is used to represent him in iconographic representation (like that depicted on the Scottish flag).
- Andrew, one of the Twelve Apostles, who is also known as the Apostle Andrew.
- Shawn McCullars is a writer who lives in the United States.
- Jeromerecords that the remains of Andrew were transported from Patras (modernPátrai) to Constantinople (modernIstanbul) in 357 at the order of the Roman emperor Constantius II, who reigned at the time.
- Peter in the Vatican City) in the 15th century.
- An Adventdevotion known as theSt.
Andrew Novena, or the St. Andrew Christmas Novena, is observed by many Catholics from his feast day on November 30 to Christmas, during which a specific prayer is read 15 times a day until Christmas. Melissa Petruzzello was the author of the most recent revision and update to this article.
St. Andrew the Apostle – Saints & Angels
In addition to being recognized as Andrew the Apostle, St. Andrew was the older brother of St. Peter and a member of the Christian Apostles. Andrew was born in the hamlet of Bethsaida on the shores of the Sea of Galilee, according to the New Testament, sometime around the first century AD. Andrew enjoyed fishing, just like his younger brother Simon Peter, who was also a fisherman. Andrew’s given name means “strong,” and he was well-known for having excellent interpersonal skills. According to the Gospel of Matthew, Jesus was strolling down the coast of the Sea of Galilee when he came across Andrew and Simon Peter, who were fishing.
- It portrays Jesus utilizing a boat, which is thought to be primarily Simon’s, to preach to the crowds and catch a big number of fish on a night that had previously been completely dry.
- The Gospel of John, on the other hand, recounts a different tale, indicating that Andrew was a disciple of John the Baptist.
- Andrew is only mentioned a few times in the Gospels, but it is thought that he was one of Jesus’ closest disciples, if not the closest.
- When Philip wanted to talk with Jesus about Greeks who were looking for him, he first spoke with Andrew.
- According to Christian legend, Andrew went on to preach the Gospel along the coasts of the Black Sea and throughout what is now Greece and Turkey, among other places.
- As recorded in the Acts of Andrew, he was chained to a crucifixion rather being nailed to it, which was a mistake.
- This is now referred to as “St.
Many think Andrew asked to be crucified in this manner because he considered himself “unworthy of being executed on the same style of crucifixion as Jesus,” according to historical accounts.
Part think that St.
Many of Andrew’s remains were brought to Constantinople by decree of Roman emperor Constantius II about 357, just a few years after Regulus’ dream.
He made landfall on the Scottish coast, on the Coat of Fife.
Andrew’s relics that had ended up in Vatican City be returned to their original location in Patras.
In addition to being portrayed in much of his iconography, the saltire cross is featured on the Scottish national flag.
St. Andrew is the patron saint of fishermen, as well as singers and musicians. On top of that, he is also the patron saint of a number of nations and places throughout the world. His feast day is observed on November 30 in Scotland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine, and Patras, to name a few.
Saint Andrew the Apostle
Also referred to as
- In addition to this, the term
Profile The first of the apostles. Fisherman’s trade is a type of trade. SimonPeter’s younger brother. Following in the footsteps of John the Baptist. After the Crucifixion, Andrew spent the rest of his life evangelizing others and pointing them to Jesus. Missionary work in Asia Minor and Greece, as well as potentially in modern-day Russia and Poland. He is reported to have preached for two days from an ansaltire(x-shaped)cross, which he built himself. The feastday of Saint Andrew has been associated with certain strange beliefs relating to marriage and marriage proposals.
- According to an old German tradition, unmarried women who aspire to marry should beg for Saint Andrew’s assistance on the eve of his feast day, then sleep nude that night in the hope of seeing their future spouses in their dreams. Yet another suggests that on Saint Andrew’s Eve, young ladies should take note of the position of the barkingdog since their future spouses will be coming from that area. When young people float cups in a tub on the day following Andrew’s feast, it is said that if a boy’s and a girl’s cup drift together and are intercepted by a cup engraved “priest,” it denotes that they are about to be married.
There are a variety of possible arguments for why Andrew was appointed as the Patron of Scotland.
- In 345, Emperor Constantine the Great chose to have Andrew’s bones transported from Patras, Greece, to Constantinople, where they were interred. Saint Regulus of Scotland was commanded by an angel to transport several of these relics to a location in the far northwestern part of the country. He was eventually directed to halt on the Fife coast of Scotland, where he established the village of Saint Andrew. In the 7th century, SaintWilfrid of York, returning from a pilgrimage to Rome, Italy, carried some of the saint’s relics with him to England. In order to raise the reputation of the newdiocese, theScotsking, Angus MacFergus, had them established at Saint Andrew’s. When thePictishKingAngus confronted a strong invading force, he prayed for guidance. Across the blue sky above him, a white cloud in the shape of a saltire cross floated across it. A decisive victory was achieved, and Andrew was designated as the patron saint of his nation by King Angus. With the victory at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314, theDeclaration of Arbroath formally designated Saint Andrew as the patron saint of the Scottish people. Scottish independence was declared in 1385, and the Saltire became the country’s national flag.
- The Crucifixion as an x-shaped cross at Patras, Greece
- The relics were destroyed by Protestants in 1559.
- Anglers, boatmen, butchers, farm workers, fish dealers, fish mongers, fishermen, happy marriages, maidens, mariners, miners, old maids, pregnant women, rope makers, sail makers, sailors, single lay women, singers, spinsters, textile workers, unmarried women, water carriers, women who wish to become mothers
- If you have convulsions, fever, gout, neck pain, sore throats, whooping cough
- The Karaorevi dynasty, the Knights of the Golden Fleece, Saint Andrew’s Order, the Order of the Thistle, the Spanish armed forces, the University of Patras, the Worshipful Company of Glaziers and Painters of Glass, and the Worshipful Company of Playing Card Makers
- And the Karaorevi dynasty • • • • • • • • • • •
- Italian resort town of Amalfi-Cava de ‘Tirreni
- Turkish capital of Istanbul
- Grand Rapids, Michigan
- Little Rock, Arkansas
- And Victoria, British Columbia
- Bithynia, Asia Minor
- Lower Austria, province of
- In the Kingdom of Belgium
- Balen, Brabant, Bruges, Flanders, Hainault, and Saint-André are among the provinces represented.
- Berchtesgaden, Braunschweig, Celle, Cloppenburg, Halberstadt, Hanover, Holstein, Lampertheim, Lippe, Lüneburg, Minden, Moers, Prussia, Schleswig, Schwarzburg, Wolfenbüttel, and Wolfenbüttel
- The cities of Alfero, Amalfi, Andrano, Antey-Saint-Andre, Brescia, Cartosio, Conflenti, Grognardo, Marciano della Chiana, Mantua, Orani, Pesaro, Premolo, Ravenna, Samolaco, Sant’Andrea in Percussina, Sicily, and Spedino are all located in the province of Naples.
- Luqa, Malta
- Hattem, the Netherlands
- Manila, the Philippines
- Saint Andrews, Scotland
- Encinasola, Huelva, Spain
- San Andreas, California
- Luqa, Malta
- Preacher clutching a fish
- Man chained to a cross
- Man preaching from a cross
- Old guy with long white hair and beard, carrying the Gospel in his right hand and leaning against a transverse cross
- Preacher holding a fishing net
- A saltire(x-shaped)cross
- Some versions suggest it was originally that way, others say it was a Latin cross that had fallen over and his attackers just propped it up on one of the cross-arms.
Information Supplementary to the above
- A Garner of Saints, by Allen Banks Hinds, M.A.
- Book of Saints, by the Monks of Ramsgate
- A Garner of Saints, by Allen Banks Hinds, M.A.
- A Garner of Saints, by Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. Saints of Scotland are listed on a calendar. Encyclopedia of the Catholic Church
- Instructions for Goffine’s Devoutness
- Jacobus de Voragine’s Golden Legend is a work of fiction. FatherAlban Butler’s Lives of the Saints
- FatherFrancis Xavier Weninger’s Lives of the Saints
- FatherAlban Butler’s Lives of the Saints
- FatherFrancis Xavier Weninger’s Lives of the Saints Father Médaille’s Meditations on the Gospels for Every Day of the Year
- Father Médaille’s Meditations on the Gospels for Every Day of the Year
- A new Catholic dictionary is being published. Thomas L Tullock’s poem about the Patron Saint of Scotland
- Lives of the Saints shown in pictures
- Pope Benedict XVI will hold a General Audience on March 26. The Martyrology of the Romans, 1914 edition
- The Christian Church’s Saints and Festivals are listed below. Saints and Saintly Dominicans, by Blessed Hyacinthe-Marie Cormier, O.P.
- Saints and Their Symbols, by E A Greene
- Saints and Their Symbols, by E A Greene Among the works included are Saints in Art, by Margaret Tabor
- Saints of the Canon, by Monsignor John T. McMahon
- Saints of the Day, by Katherine Rabenstein
- And Saints of the Day, by Monsignor John T. McMahon. Brief Biographies of the Saints, written by Eleanor Cecilia Donnelly
- The Life of Saint Andrew
- Father Prosper Guerengar’s The Liturgical Year
- And other works
- An Anthology of Saints, edited and written by Allen Banks Hinds, M.A.
- A Book of Saints, edited and written by the Monks of Ramsgate
- A Garner of Saints by Allen Banks Hinds, M.A.
- A Garner of Saints by the Monks of Ramsgate
- Countdown to the Saints of Scotland
- Encyclopaedia Cattolica Instructions for Goffine’s Devoutness By Jacobus de Voragine, the Golden Legend is told. Among the saints’ biographies are those by FatherAlban Butler and FatherFrancis Xavier Weninger, as well as those by FatherAlban Butler and FatherFrancis Xavier Weninger, as well as those by FatherAlban Butler. The Gospel Meditations for Every Day of the Year by Father Médaille
- Father Médaille’s Meditations on the Gospels for Every Day of the Year. Catholic Dictionary (new edition)
- Author: Thomas L Tullock
- Patron Saint of Scotland
- Lives of the Saints shown in pictures. General Audience of Pope Benedict XVI
- The Martyrology of the Romans, 14th edition The Christian Church’s Saints and Festivals are listed here. Blessed Hyacinthe-Marie Cormier, O.P. wrote Saints and Saintly Dominicans
- E A Greene wrote Saints and Their Symbols. Among the titles are Saints in Art, written by Margaret Tabor
- Saints of the Canon, written by Monsignor John T. McMahon
- Saints of the Day, written by Katherine Rabenstein
- And Saints of the Day, written by Katherine Rabenstein. By Eleanor Cecilia Donnelly, a book titled Short Lives of the Saints. Life of Saint Andrew
- Father Prosper Guerengar’s The Liturgical Year
- And more publications
- Peter Williams’ Britannia Biographies is a collection of biographies of British monarchs. Andrew Cupcakes, Catholic Fire, Catholic Ireland, Catholic News Agency, Catholic Online, Christian Iconography, and more are examples of Catholic cuisine. Prayers on a daily basis
- Locate a Grave
- Franciscan Media
- Independent Catholic News
- Franciscan Publications
- Olga’s Gallery is located in the heart of the city. Patron Saints and Their Feast Days, compiled by the AustralianCatholic Truth Society
- Religious Information Service of Ukraine
- Patron Saints and Their Feast Days, compiled by the Religious Information Service of Ukraine
- Patron Saints and Their Feast Days, compiled by Picayune, Mississippi
- Saint Charles Borromeo Church
- Picayune, Mississippi
- All About Saints
- Saints in Rome
- Saints Resource
- Saints Stories for All Ages
- Saints for Sinners
- Saints Stories for All Ages Candy for the soul
- “The Independent” is the name of a newspaper published in the United Kingdom. The Mirror reports that the Google Doodle honors St. Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland. The Scotsman, The Telegraph, and other publications During this week’s discussion: Who was the patron saint of Scotland? The Strange Tale of Scotland’s Patron Saint is the topic of the week. ThoughtCo, uCatholic, Vultus Christi, and Wikipedia are all excellent resources.
- Wikimedia Commons has images of Father Lawrence Lew, the Medieval Listserv, Santi e Beati, and other saints and beati.
- Directions for Floral Decoration of Churches, by William Barrett
- Floral Decoration of Churches, by William Barrett
- Martirologio Romano, 2005 edition
- Cathopedia (Cathopedia) Santi e Beati
- Santo del Giorno
- Santi e Beati
Readings Andrew, after spending time with Jesus and gaining great knowledge from him, did not keep this treasure to himself, but instead shared it with his brother Peter as soon as he could. Pay close attention to what Andrew said to him: “We have discovered the Messiah, which is to say, the Christ.” Take note of how his words reflect how much he has learnt in such a short period of time. They demonstrate the authority of the instructor who has persuaded them of this fact. Those statements reflect a soul that is waiting with bated breath for the arrival of the Messiah, looking forward to his appearance from heaven, celebrating when he does come, and hastening to tell others about such a momentous occasion.
This quotation is taken from Saint John Chrysostom’s homily on the Gospel of John.
- “Saint Andrew the Apostle” is a Christian saint. CatholicSaints.Info, accessed on December 22, 2021. 8th of January, 2022
About St. Andrew, Our Patron Saint
St. Andrew was one of two disciples who were followers of John the Baptist, the other being St. James the Less. While baptism, John came face to face with Jesus and exclaimed, “Look, the Lamb of God!” When the two disciples realized what had happened, they immediately began to follow Jesus. Once they arrived to Jesus’ location, Andrew informed his brother Simon that “we have discovered the Messiah.” As a result, Andrew has earned the title of “The Introducer” very appropriately. In addition, when Jesus was on the mountain teaching to the crowds, St.
- Because of the large number of people in the throng, Jesus inquired of Phillip, “Where can we get bread for all of these people to eat?” “Eight months income would not be enough to buy enough bread for everyone of us to enjoy a mouthful!” Phillip said.
- It turned out to be enough to feed everyone in attendance.
- In roughly the year 60, he was crucified in Patras, Greece, on an X-shaped crucifixion known as the cross of St.
- We also know that St.
- There isn’t much else mentioned about him in the gospels or the Acts of the Apostles, other from these two incidents: His ashes are interred in the Crypt of St.
- Pope Paul VI made an ecumenical gesture in 1964 by returning the bones of his head to his original burial location in Patras, Greece, as part of his reinterment there.
- Andrew is the patron saint of Russia as well as the country of Scotland.
The Cross of St. Andrew is shown on the flag of Scotland, and all enthusiastic golfers are familiar with the world-famous golf course that has the same name. The Feast of St. Andrew is commemorated on November 30th every year in Scotland.
About St. Andrew – Patron Saint Article
St. Andrew, who was the brother of Simon Peter, first appears in the New Testament as a Galilean fisherman from the hamlet of Bethsaida, where he lived with his family. When he brings Simon Peter to Jesus, the latter responds by calling the two “fishers of mankind.” St. Andrew is an important person in the New Testament Gospels because he was a follower of Jesus Christ. Scholars have acknowledged his teaching throughout church history, particularly in the areas of Romania, Russia, Ukraine, Scotland, and Greece, among other places.
- Andrew was martyred at the city of Patras, which is located in western Greece.
- Andrew’s canonization is still unclear.
- The patron saint of several European countries, St.
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St Andrew, Patron Saint of Scotland
The union flag of Great Britain, often known as the Union Jack, is composed of three crossed crosses that are layered on each other. One of these crosses is the flag of Saint Andrew, who is the Patron Saint of Scotland, despite the fact that he was not born in Scotland himself. Andrew’s hometown was Copernicum, and he worked as a fisherman, just like his brother Simon Peter. Andrew was a member of Jesus’ inner circle of apostles, which included Peter, James, and John, as well as the other apostles.
- John the Baptist before becoming a follower of Christ.
- Although it is not known for definite where he proclaimed the Gospel or where he is buried, the city of Patras in the Greek island of Achia claims to be the location where he was martyred and crucified.
- This connection is asserted by two different interpretations of the events.
- This town is now known as St Andrews, and the church became a focal point for evangelization, with pilgrims traveling from all across the United Kingdom to pray at the church.
- No matter whether mythology is closest to the truth, we are unlikely to ever discover the truth behind it.
- In Italy and France, as well as in Anglo-Saxon England, where Hexham and Rochester were the first of 637 medieval dedications, churches were dedicated to him from the beginning of time.
- Andrew has also been recognized throughout history for the manner in which he died in A.D.
- Apparently he felt unworthy of being crucified on the same cross as Christ, and as a result he was executed on a saltire, or X-shaped cross (also known as the St Andrew’s cross), which became his emblem.
- The St Andrew’s cross (on the left) and the Union Jack (on the right).
People from all over the globe now go to St Andrews, a small town in Scotland that is worldwide recognized as the traditional home of golf, to partake in a different kind of pilgrimage.
Who Was St Andrew?
For though that St Andrew has served as Scotland’s patron saint for many years, it wasn’t until the 18th century that his feast day became widely celebrated throughout the country. What may surprise you even more is that the practice of celebrating on November 30th was not really established in Scotland, but rather by a group of Scottish ex-pats living in the United States who wanted to reconnect with their Scottish heritage. In 1729, a group of affluent Scottish immigrants in Charleston, South Carolina, created the ‘St Andrew’s Society of Charleston,’ which was the beginning of it all.
- They became well-known throughout the region as a result of their efforts supporting orphans and widows in the region.
- In New York, the St Andrew’s Society is the oldest charitable organization of any sort that has ever been established.
- These seeds have grown into St Andrew’s societies that have spread around the world as Scots have traveled and lived in far-flung corners of the planet.
- Every year, on the 30th of November, people from all over Scotland get together to honour St Andrew and have a wonderful time in celebration of the Winter Festival.
- Parties may last far into the wet and windy winter night.
Despite the fact that St Andrew has served as Scotland’s patron saint for a long time, it wasn’t until the 18th century that the popular celebration of his day became widely accepted. Perhaps even more surprising is that the practice of celebrating on November 30 was not really established in Scotland, but rather by a group of Scottish ex-pats living in the United States who wanted to reconnect with their Scottish heritage. In 1729, a group of affluent Scottish immigrants in Charleston, South Carolina, created the ‘St Andrew’s Society of Charleston,’ which marked the beginning of the American Revolution.
- As a result of their work with orphans and widows in the neighborhood, they became well known across the region.
- In New York, the St Andrew’s Society is the oldest charitable organization of any sort that has ever been established.
- Due to the emigration and settlement of Scots in far-flung locations across the world, St Andrew’s societies have sprung all over the world.
- Every year, on the 30th of November, people from all over Scotland get together to celebrate St Andrew and have a wonderful time in celebration of the festival.
Traditional festivities include a celebration of Scottish culture, which includes music, food and drink. Parties may last far into the wet and windy winter nights.
Click here for more about Saint Andrew!
The people of Scotland commemorate St Andrew’s Day, which is celebrated on November 30th, in honor of their patron saint. Despite the fact that Andrew, one of Christ’s apostles, never got any closer than the southernmost reaches of Europe, he has served as a guardian of the Scots and has bestowed many of the nation’s most famous emblems upon them. So, how did a Galilean fisherman from the first century AD come to be known as Scotland’s patron saint? Here are the facts, as well as some folklore.
Was he connected to the country of Scotland in any way?
What we know about Andrew’s life and how he came to be a patron saint of Scotland is revealed by Rab Houston, professor emeritus of history at the University of St Andrews.
Andrew was one of the apostles
There is very little information available regarding the life of St Andrew. He was a fisherman from Galilee, and his name, which means’manly’ in Greek, distinguished him as one of the original 12 apostles of Jesus Christ, along with his brother Peter, who was also a fisherman. They would become “fishers of men,” according to Christ’s words. 2
The saltire (diagonal cross) on the Scottish flag comes from Andrew’s execution
Andrew was murdered by the Romans in the Greek city of Patras somewhere around the year AD 60. According to legend, he wanted to be crucified on an X-shaped cross, often known as a saltire, since he did not believe he was worthy of being punished on the same shaped cross as Jesus. During the medieval time, this became known as the Saint Andrew’s Cross, and it became a national emblem of Scotland. From Andrew’s execution came the saltire (diagonal cross) that appears on the Scottish flag. (Photo courtesy of RF Getty Images) )
More patron saints history:
- Andrew was murdered by the Romans at the Greek city of Patras somewhere around the year AD 60, according to tradition. According to legend, he wanted to be crucified on an X-shaped cross, sometimes known as a saltire, since he did not believe he was worthy of being killed on the same shaped cross that Jesus was. At some point during the Middle Ages, this was known as the Saint Andrew’s Cross and became a national emblem of Scotland. Andrew’s execution is represented by the saltire (diagonal cross) on the Scottish flag. Getty Images (Photo credit: RF Getty Images). )
There were other contenders for Scotland’s patron saint
During the Dark Ages, it appeared as though another would be the most qualified candidate for the position Andrew finally achieved. Despite the fact that saints such as Duthac and Ninian were well-known in their respective regions (the far north and deep south, respectively), it was Columba who appeared to be the most plausible candidate to become the patron saint of the newly formed nation of Alba. However, when Irish Gaels made advances into the country from the west, the political and religious center of gravity shifted east (and eventually south).
While St Andrew never came to Scotland, it is said that his remains did
According to legend, St Regulus (also known as Rule), a fourth-century monk at Patras, was instructed by an angel to conceal some of Andrew’s skeletal remains. He kidnapped them from their resting place in Constantinople, which also happened to be the patron city of Andrew, and attempted to transport them to the ends of the globe, finally ending up stranded on the shore of Fife, near the Pictish royal capital of Cennrgmonaid, which is now a museum (later renamed St Andrews).
There was already a church there, built by the Céli Dé, or Culdees (hermitical Celtic monks) who had previously lived there to hold a sarcophagus or box-shrine, which may have contained the relics.5
The town that became St Andrews became the centre of Scottish religious life
In a public relations victory, clergy and laity alike worked together to promote the community’s growth as a pilgrimage site, resulting in increased tourism. The designation of the archbishop located at St Andrews as the bishop of the Scots in the 11th century is a clear indication of the importance of both the community and its patron saint. The Augustinian canons then began construction on a huge new cathedral, which was completed about 1160. 6
St Andrew’s status as patron saint of Scotland was established by 1320
St Andrew’s cult evolved from a localized, minority religion to become the spiritual father of the entire nation of Scotland. This was officially acknowledged in 1286, when he appears on the seal of the Guardians of Scotland – the regents appointed after the death of King Alexander III – framed by his diagonal cross and surrounded by the words:Andreas dux esto Scotis compatriotis (‘Andrew be leader of the Scots, your fellow countrymen’). Andrew was the first monarch of Scotland to be crowned.
His association with the Scottish cause throughout the late 13th and early 14th-century Wars of Independence only served to solidify his position, transforming him into a great national icon.
Listen: In this episode of theHistoryExtrapodcast, Iain MacInnes replies to listener questions and popular search inquiries regarding the Anglo-Scottish military battles of the 13th and 14th centuries, which include the following topics: 7
Other countries have St Andrew as their patron saint
Andrew’s global popularity can be attributed to his obvious morality, since he is also the patron saint of Greece, Romania, and Russia, among other countries (among others). Today, there are dozens of St Andrew’s societies in various sections of the Scottish diaspora, including Australia, Canada, and the United States, as well as Abu Dhabi, Argentina, India, and Singapore, among other places. While Andrew is largely known as the patron saint of fishermen, his worship has also been employed for divination purposes in the past.
An Orthodox church in the Russian style dedicated to Saint Andrew, located in the village of Episkopio, Cyprus.
Interest in Andrew revived and evolved in the Renaissance
While pilgrimages to St Andrews declined in the later Middle Ages, King James III of Scotland may have considered establishing a chivalric order of St Andrew in the 15th century – on the model of Philip the Good, duke of Burgundy’s Order of the Golden Fleece, which was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and St Andrew in 1430 – to commemorate the patron saint of Scotland. A century later, court poet and herald Sir David Lindsay developed a new royal armorial, which included Andrew, the blue saltire, a revised lion rampant, and a thistle, among other symbols.
Renaissance Andrew was regarded as a royal saint in every sense of the word. However, over time, saints such as him became generalized models of virtue, heroic people who elicited public awe rather than personal devotion from the public. They were elevated to the status of saints. 9
Even the Reformation did not destroy St Andrew’s status
The arrival of Protestantism in the mid-16th century resulted in the partial destruction of St Andrew’s Cathedral and the scattering of any remaining relics. Nonetheless, even after this, Protestants and Catholics alike remained committed to the apostle as a model for the entire Christian community rather than as a simply sectarian figure. What mattered most for all of history’s most famous saints was the goodwill they gave to the world as a result of their connection with God. It was God’s buddy who was also the friend of humans.
According to Rab Houston, the goodwill they contributed to the world as a result of their affinity with God was what counted for all of history’s most famous saints.
St Andrew’s Day took off not in Scotland, but the New World
People of Scottish heritage frequently developed a greater sense of Scottish culture than others who had come before them, maybe in order to protect their ancestral identity. As a result, the first known celebration of St Andrew’s Day on November 30th after the Reformation took place at Charleston, South Carolina, in 1729. It had been organized by a philanthropic society that bears the apostle’s name, and it carried on the original point of the feast day in the Catholic Church, which was for communities to surpass themselves in penitence and charity in order to make them worthy of the saint’s protection, which had been for communities to surpass themselves in penitence and charity in order to make them worthy of the saint’s protection.
The first reported celebration of St Andrew’s Day on the 30th of November after the Reformation took place at Charleston, South Carolina, in 1729.
Some would argue that tradition has now been lost, which is a good thing.11
St Andrews Day has relatively recently been a public holiday in Scotland
Even though the 30th of November (or the following Monday if 30 November falls on a weekend) officially became a public holiday in Scotland in 2007, celebrations are far more low-key than those held on Hogmanay (31 December) and Burns Night (31 January) in the rest of the United Kingdom (25 January). A very short introduction to Scotland by Rab Houston, Professor Emeritus in History at St Andrews University, and author of Scotland: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2008)
Why St Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland and many other territories
Because it is Friday, November 30, there will be celebrations in Scotland and many other nations and territories that honor Saint Andrew the Apostle as their patron saint, including the United States. In an increasingly secular society, the concept of having a patron saint may seem out of date. However, in Scotland, which does not yet have an official independence day, St. Andrew’s feast day in the Christian liturgical year is regarded as our national day, on which we commemorate our heritage as Scotsmen and women.
MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: How ‘Scotland’s first monarch’ was able to bring a kingdom together amid difficult times To grasp this, it is necessary to go back to the Bible, and specifically to the four gospels, which all contain the name Andrew, which is a Greek name meaning “strong” and was popular in many nations and languages at the time.
- The gospels differ in their accounts of who was called first.
- According to the first chapter of John, Andrew was there when John the Baptist identified Jesus as the promised Messiah.
- As soon as the two disciples heard him speak, they sprang to their feet and followed him.
- He invites them to come and see for themselves.
- Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, was one of the two who listened in on John’s speech and then followed him.
- Andrew is a character who appears frequently in the Gospels.
- Despite the fact that there is a Gospel according to Andrew, commonly referred to as the Acts of Andrew, it was regarded as apocryphal many years ago.
Among the various patronages that have been claimed to him are those of fishermen, miners, and singers, among many others.
During the Roman occupation of Achaia – now Greece – in Patras, Andrew was beheaded on an X-shaped cross, which would become his emblem for the rest of his life.
Those two letters were crucial because, according to mythology, Emperor Constantine the Great was shown an X before a battle in 312 AD, which he won after pledging to convert the entire empire to Christianity.
At another version of the story, a monk in Patras named St Regulus or Rule was resolved to preserve the relics and was instructed by God in a dream to take the saint’s arm, kneecap, three fingers, and a tooth to the extremities of the world – at the time, Scotland.
By 747, the town of St Andrews in Fife, then known as Kilrymont, had erected a church dedicated to the saint, which serves as proof of this.
The story of Constantine’s vision before battle is well known – and the same vision was seen in the sky by King Oengus II before the Battle of Athelstaneford in 832, and with his Picts and Scots coming out victorious against the larger forces of Northumbria, Oengus II ordered that the flag of his kingdom be made up of a white X cross on a blue background – the Saltire, as we know it today.
Saint Margaret and future kings were instrumental in establishing St Andrews as the biggest ecclesiastical hub in Scotland and a major pilgrimage destination, with the long-lost shrine of our patron saint serving as its primary attraction.
He is referred to as the “kind Saint Andrew” in the 1320 Declaration of Arbroath, and he is still known as the “patron for ever” of the Scottish people, a title that he retains today.
Feast of St. Andrew the Apostle
This statue of St. Andrew the Apostle may be seen at the Chandler parish that bears his name, which is located in the city of Chandler. Image courtesy of Mark Idzik / Creative Commons ” data-medium-file=” data-large-file=” alt=”” width=”450″ height=”675″ ” data-large-file=” alt=”” width=”450″ height=”675″ srcset=”682w,200w,768w,696w,280w,797w” srcset=”682w,200w,768w,696w,280w,797w” data-src=” data-sizes=” data-src=” (max-width: 450px) 450px, 100vw, 100vw ” In the Chandler parish that bears his name, there is a statue of St.
Image courtesy of Mark Idzik / Creative Commons
As a Galilean fisherman described in the synoptic Gospels and as a member of Jesus’ inner circle of apostles alongside his brother Peter and his brothers James and John, Andrew is the first to follow Jesus and the one who leads his brother to faith in Jesus. In John’s Gospel, Andrew is a disciple of John the Baptist who is the first to follow Jesus and who leads his brother to faith in Jesus. In the apocryphal second-century Acts of Andrew, which show Andrew as a fervent missionary in the Black Sea area who is crucified — nailed to an X-shaped cross by the Roman ruler, many tales about Andrew have been passed down from generation to generation.
In addition to Scotland, Russia, Greece, and people who make their life fishing, he is the patron saint of fishermen.
Andrew the Apostle, is likewise named after him as its patron.
Who was St Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland?
Scottish patron saint St. Andrew (also known as St. Andrew the Apostle). Contributed to the picture. Some think that the bones of St Andrew were carried to Scotland some hundred years after his death, and that a new religious center was established at Kilrymont, which was then known as St Andrews, to house them. The Pictish King Oengus II led a successful side against the Angles in East Lothian in 832 AD, according to certain historians, and he was therefore designated as Scotland’s patron saint.
He was convinced he had witnessed a supernatural intervention when, on the morning of the fight, white clouds shaped themselves into the shape of a cross in the sky. His interpretation of the symbol was that it was a reference to the x-shaped cross on which Andrew was crucified in Patras, Greece. This cross, according to one tale, was the inspiration for the flag of St Andrew, which is now the official flag of the Scottish Government. St Andrew – Scotland’s Myth and Identity, by Michael Turnbull, claims that both William Wallace and King Robert the Bruce prayed to Saint Andrew for guidance during times of national emergency.
- According to Turnbull, it was also on display during the funerals of Scottish kings and queens, including those of King James VI and that of his mother, Mary Queen of Scots, among others.
- The impact of St Andrew may be seen across Europe.
- His boat got aground and he had to get ashore with his staff, which he used to strike the water source.
- A monastery and church are located near to the coast, where it is believed that St Andrew first set foot on the island.
- On the morning of St Andrew’s Day, mothers collect tree branches and arrange them into a bouquet for each member of their family.
- On the night of St Andrew’s Day, it is customary for young women to place a branch of sweet basil – or 41 grains of wheat – beneath their pillow.
- In addition to the United Kingdom, St Andrew is associated with superstition and custom surrounding marriage in various other nations.
- After baking, the first one to rise to the top of a bucket of water, revealing the name of their future spouse, would win a prize.
- The identity of their possible suitor will be revealed to them when they are the first one to be eliminated in the morning.
Girls who wish to get married throw stones on the top of the church at Cape Santo Andre in Portugal, where it is claimed that St Andrew stepped ashore on the day of his death. Fishermen make a pilgrimage to the chapel on the night of St Andrew’s Day in order to ensure their safety while out at sea.
St Andrew – Patron Saint of Scotland
|Saint Andrew, Patron Saint of Scotlandcompiled by Elizabeth Mckaskle|
Saint Andrew is the Patron Saint of Scotland, and St. Andrew’s Day is celebrated by Scots around the world on the 30th November. The flag of Scotland is the Cross of St. Andrew, and this is widely displayed as a symbol of national identity.The “Order of Saint Andrew” or the “Most Ancient Order of the Thistle” is an order of Knighthood which is restricted to the King or Queen and sixteen others. It was established by James VII of Scotland in 1687.A disciple of Jesus and the brother of Simon Peter.
- In all accounts he was one of the first, as a follower of John the Baptists, to be “called” a disciple.According to later traditions, Andrew became a missionary to Asia Minor, Macedonia, and southern Russia.In 70 AD he was martyred in Patras, Greece.
- Andrew is also invoked against gout and a stiff neck.St.
- Columba) called St.
- Regulus) was warned in a dream that St.
- Andrew’s tomb and transporting these as far away as he could.
- Rule was shipwrecked with his precious cargo.St.
Andrews.Another story is that Acca, the Bishop of Hexham, who was a reknown collector of relics, brought the relics of St.
Andrews in 733.
Andrews at that time, either founded by St.
Whichever tale is true, the relics were placed in a specially constructed chapel.
Andrews in 1160, and St.
Andrew and his remains became associated with Scotland,but there is little evidence for any of these, including the legend of St.
The names still exist in Scotland today, including St.
Andrew which were stored in St.
Andrews is now marked by a plaque, amongst the ruins, for visitors to see.The larger part of St.
In 1879 the Archbishop of Amalfi sent a small piece of the Saint’s shoulder blade to the re-established Roman Catholic community in Scotland.
Andrew to Scotland with the words “Saint Peter gives you his brother” and these are now displayed in a reliquary in St.
The Church Calendar begins with Advent (defined as the nearest Sunday to St Andrew’s Day), and it seems fitting that Andrew, the first of Christ’s disciples, should have the distinction of coming first in the Church Year.
But who was St Andrew, and how did he become our patron saint?ST ANDREW THE APOSTLEThe Bible tells us that Andrew, a fisherman from Bethsaida in Galilee, was the ‘first called’ of Christ’s disciples and that he brought his brother Simon Peter to become a follower of Jesus.
(For a link between Scythia and the Scots, see the part of the Arbroath Declaration quoted overleaf).
It was in Greece, in the city of Patras, that he suffered martyrdom.
Part of the tradition is that St Andrew wore blue, and so the white of the wooden cross against the blue of his robes gave us the colours of our national flag.
Defeat seemed almost certain, but after Angus and his men had prayed for deliverance, the appearance in the blue sky above them of a white cloud in the shape of a saltire or St Andrew’s Cross seemed to promise that their prayers had been heeded.
Victory was indeed theirs, Angus remembered his vow, and so Andrew became our patron saint and his cross our flag.
The battle is commemorated by a monument in the churchyard at Athelstaneford.
But four centuries after his death, some of his bones arrived here.
One version of the story is that St Regulus (St Rule) was homeward bound from the Mediterranean lands withthe relics of the saint he had acquired there when his ship was wrecked on the coast of Fife.
Another version, favoured by historians, is that some relics of St Andrew found their way from Constantinople, where the Emperor Constantine the Great had a collection, via the Italian town of Amalfi to Scotland.
During this period Celtic influences coming from Ireland and associated with local saints such as Columba had led to the creation of religious centres at Dunkeld, Abernethy and elsewhere; but the influence of Rome coming via England was, to prove stronger in the end, and St Andrews, named after an apostle of the universal church, became its headquarters.
The resistance was successful, and in the end the independence of the Scottish Church was recognised by the Pope.
It journeyed from Greater Scythia.but nowhere could it be subjugated by any people it acquired, with many victories and untold efforts, theplaces which it now holds, although often assailed by Norwegians.
called them.almost the first to his most holy faith.
Nor did he wish to confirm them in that faith by anyone but by the first apostle by calling.namely the most gentle Andrew, the blessed Peter’s brother, whom he wished to protect them as their patron for ever”.Return to our Significant Scots page