What Is Saint Valentine The Patron Saint Of

Saint Valentine

‘St. Valentine’ is the name of one or two mythical Christian martyrs whose lives appear to have been based on real events (died 3rd century Rome; feast day February 14). Despite the fact that the Roman Catholic Church still recognizes St. Valentine as a saint of the church, he was removed from the General Roman Calendar in 1969 due to a lack of solid information concerning him. He is the patron saint of lovers, epileptics, and beekeepers, among many other things. Saint Valentine is said to have been a Roman physician who died as a martyr during the persecution of Christians by EmperorClaudius II Gothicus about the year 270, according to some traditions.

Other accounts refer to him as thebishopofTerni, Italy, who was martyred, probably also inRome, and whose remains were afterwards transferred to Terni, according to the accounts.

A letter sent to his jailer’s daughter, whom he had befriended and healed of her blindness, was signed “from your Valentine” by St.

In another version of the story, he broke the emperor’s instructions and secretly married couples in order to save the husbands from fighting in the war.

greeting cardValentine’s Day greeting card from the United States, about 1910.

6 Surprising Facts About St. Valentine

1. There is a possibility that the St. Valentine who originated the celebration was two separate individuals. St. Valentine, who is officially acknowledged by the Roman Catholic Church, is believed to have been a genuine person who died about the year 270. Although his actual identity was questioned as early as A.D. 496 by Pope Gelasius I, who described the victim and his actions as “known only to God,” it was not until A.D. 496 that the martyr’s true identity was established. As described in a historical story from the 1400s, Valentine was a temple priest who was murdered near Rome by emperor Claudius II for assisting Christian couples in their marriage.

  1. Because of the parallels between these testimonies, it is believed that they may be referring to the same individual.
  2. Valentine that it would no longer be appropriate to venerate him during liturgical services.
  3. 2.
  4. The saint who is commemorated on Valentine’s Day is officially recognized as St.
  5. Because the name “Valentinus” (derived from the Latin word meaning worthy, strong, or powerful) was a popular appellation between the second and ninth centuries A.D., countless martyrs have been known to bear this name throughout history.
  6. Among the most recent saints to be elevated to the level of sainthood is St.
  7. In 1988, Pope John Paul II declared Berrio-Ochoa to be a saint.

MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: Was St.

3.

Saints are expected to keep themselves occupied in the afterlife, and this is certainly the case.

St.

Naturally, people seek his assistance in keeping an eye on their loved ones’ life.

Moreover, as you might guess, he is the patron saint of engaged couples as well as of happy marriages.

The Valentine’s skull may be found in the city of Rome.

Valentine, which has been decorated with flowers, is on display at the Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Rome.

Valentine.

According to tradition, these fragments and portions of the late saint’s corpse were then sent to reliquaries all across the world, where they remain today.

Valentine’s skeleton can be seen on exhibit in the Czech Republic, Ireland, Scotland, England, and France, among other places.

Chaucer, a medieval English poet, was known for taking liberties with history, setting his lyrical figures in fabricated historical circumstances that he presented as true in his works of fiction.

In his poem “Parliament of Foules,” he draws a connection between a history of courtly love and the celebration of St.

When it comes to finding a spouse, birds (and people) gather on February 14th, according to the poet’s description.

6.

Because there are so many Saint Valentines on the Roman Catholic calendar, you can choose to commemorate the saint on several occasions throughout the year.

Valentine of Viterbo on November 3, which is a day other than February 14.

Valentine of Raetia on January 7 to get a head start on the usual Valentine festivities.

Valentine (Valentina), who was killed in Palestine on July 25, 308 A.D.

as a virgin. As an elder of the church on July 6th, the Eastern Orthodox Church also commemorates St. Valentine as a martyr on July 30th, with the first commemoration taking place on July 6th as a martyr. MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: Valentine’s Day has a long and colorful history.

St. Valentine – Saints & Angels

Saint Valentine, also known as Saint Valentine of Rome, is a third-century Roman saint who is widely commemorated on February 14 and is connected with “courtly love.” Saint Valentine is also recognized as the patron saint of lovers. Although little is known about St. Valentine’s life, and whether or not the stories about him are about two different saints with the same name has not been definitively determined, it is widely accepted that he was martyred and then buried on the Via Flaminia, north of Rome, near the site of the current Vatican City State.

  1. Valentine, the Roman Catholic Church decided to remove him from the General Roman Calendar in 1969.
  2. The traditions that have been attributed to the enigmatic saint are just as contradictory as the real identity of the guy himself.
  3. Valentine is that, as the previous Bishop of Terni, Narnia, and Amelia, he spent a period of his life under the supervision of Judge Asterius, who placed him under house imprisonment.
  4. Valentine and his religious beliefs were instantly put to the test by the court.
  5. Valentine was entrusted with the blind daughter of the judge, and he was instructed to restore her sight.
  6. Valentine was able to restore the child’s vision by placing his palms over her eyes.
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Asterius and his family, as well as the entire 44-member household, were baptized after destroying all of the idols in and around their home, fasting for three days, and repenting.

St.

He was dispatched to Rome on the orders of Emperor Claudius Gothicus (Claudius II).

Valentine, the Nuremberg Chronicle.

Valentine was imprisoned for marrying Christian couples and assisting Christians who were being persecuted by the Roman emperor Claudius.

The saint and the emperor began to develop a personal friendship, and Valentine even sought to persuade Claudius to convert to Christianity.

On February 14, 269, St.

Other accounts of St.

Other portrayals of St.

Another version of the history of St.

On the day of his execution, he left a message for the girl, which said, “Your Valentine,” in the margins.

It is possible that the romantic element of Valentine’s Day originated during the Middle Ages, when it was thought that birds matched couples around the middle of the month of February.

Despite the fact that no one can agree on the precise origin of the event, it is widely regarded as a day of love, devotion, and passion among people.

Valentine, proving that he existed.

St.

In the Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Rome, there is a skull of St.

The Valentine relics were discovered in the catacombs of Saint Hippolytus on the Via Tiburtina in 1836 and were later determined to be those of Saint Valentine.

The gift from Pope Gregory XVI to Fr.

Valentine and was given to him by the Pope.

Peter and Paul at Vysehrad in Prague, the parish church of St.

Valentine as their patron saint. He is also the patron saint of epilepsy and fainting as well as good marriages, love, lovers, the plague, travelers and young people. A image of him with birds and roses may be found in many places, and his feast day is commemorated on February 14.

About St. Valentine – Patron Saint Article

Saint Valentine is seen in a stained glass window blessing a man and a lady. Cards in the shape of hearts, chocolates, flowers, and romance are all appropriate for Valentine’s Day. These items all reflect the essence of the popular love occasion, Valentine’s Day, in one place. Isn’t it true that the main purpose of this occasion is to express your affection for your significant other? Alternatively, it is possible that this is not the case. The origins of this occasion are not rooted in romantic love at all, but rather in platonic sacrificial love, as demonstrated by the most revered of Saint Valentine’s martyrdom.

  1. In general, Claudius was tolerant of most religious policies, but he was particularly hostile to the Catholic Church.
  2. Polygamy also became more popular during this period, despite the fact that it was in direct opposition to Christian teachings on the sacredness of marriage between one man and one woman.
  3. Valentine’s unique purpose was to promote marriage.
  4. The Roman authorities, on the other hand, ultimately apprehended and imprisoned him.
  5. Valentine was brought before the Roman court system for his deeds of sealing love in the Catholic Church, which were in violation of the Emperor’s rules.
  6. He was a Roman who had been sent to judge Valentine; he was plainly not a man of religion, but his worry and despair for his daughter’s health drove him to offer Valentine the opportunity to heal his daughter while Valentine was imprisoned.
  7. Asterius’ conversion to Christianity came as a result of witnessing this miraculous healing miracle performed on him.
  8. According to popular belief, the very final words of this man of love were written to the once-blind daughter of the very jailer whom he converted, Asterius, and were addressed to her.

The way he signed his farewell note served as an inspiration for the love notes shared on Valentine’s Day and provided a deeper meaning to the holiday’s catchphrase, “Will you be my Valentine?” When you give someone the name Valentine, you are demonstrating a deeper love than many romantic partnerships, as well as a readiness to lay down your life for your religion and loved ones.

It is on the 14th of February that we commemorate St. Valentine’s Day, and he is known as the patron saint of romantic relationships. St. Valentine honored love in all of its manifestations, and he served as an inspiration for the romantic festival of love that we celebrate today.

Shop St. Valentine Medals and Rosaries

St. Valentine’s Day ecclesiastical card Although St. Valentine’s Day is likely one of the most widely observed saint days in America, the religious significance of the day has been lost in the flurry of chocolates, hearts, and jewelry that has accompanied the celebration. Looking at the life of St. Valentine, as well as the reasons he has been recognized as a saint since the 3rd century, the genuine meaning of St. Valentine’s Day may be discovered and celebrated in a respectful manner. A great deal of information about St.

  • All that has survived is the narrative of a man whose devotion to Christ guided his life and finally resulted in his death as a martyr for the faith.
  • Valentine was a Roman priest who was persecuted for his faith during the reign of Claudius II.
  • Because St.
  • Dedicated to the Gospel of Jesus Christ, St.
  • St.
  • Because St.
  • The kind personality of St.
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Valentine sought to convert Claudius II to Christianity, he was sentenced to death by the Roman emperor.

Valentine when he was imprisoned awaiting his execution.

Valentine was beaten with clubs, then stoned, and when these techniques failed to bring him to death, he was decapitated for his crimes.

He was laid to rest along the Flaminian Way in Rome.

In 496, Pope Gelasius decreed February 14 to be St.

Archaeologists have recently discovered a Roman catacomb and an old chapel bearing the name of St.

Saint Valentine is depicted on this religious medal.

Valentine marrying young couples and the letter he sent to the jailer’s daughter, the origins of his link with love and marriage are a little murky at best.

Given that this day was observed on February 15, Christians who lived after the period of St.

Valentine, whose feast day was observed on February 14.

As a result, birds, particularly lovebirds, are frequently shown alongside St.

Valentine in artwork. This custom is an attempt by Christians to draw the attention of the world to the Godly portrayal of love, as demonstrated by the life of St. Valentine, who gave his life for the love of God, thereby becoming a martyr in the process.

Patronage of St. Valentine

St. Valentine’s Day holy card Although St. Valentine’s Day is likely one of the most widely observed saint days in America, the religious significance of the holiday has been lost in the rush of chocolates, hearts, and jewelry that has accompanied the celebration. Looking at the life of St. Valentine, as well as the reasons he has been venerated as a saint since the 3rd century, the actual meaning of Valentine’s Day may be discovered and remembered with reverence on February 14. A great deal of information about St.

  • All that survives is the account of a man whose devotion to Christ guided his life and finally resulted in his death as a martyr.
  • For political reasons, St.
  • In his dedication to the Gospel of Jesus Christ, St.
  • St.
  • He was arrested by the Roman authorities because he was a priest and, more specifically, because he assisted Christians who were oppressed under the reign of Claudius II.
  • The kind character of St.
  • Valentine sought to convert Claudius II to Christianity, he was sentenced to death by Claudius II himself.

Valentine restored the sight of the jailer’s blind daughter when he was imprisoned awaiting his martyrdom in the prison.

St.

February 14th, 269 or 270 was the date of his death.

Currently, the majority of his relics are housed in Dublin, Ireland, in the Whitefriars Church.

Valentine’s martyrdom, Pope Gelasius designated February 14 as St.

Several Roman catacombs and an antique chapel dedicated to St.

Saint Valentine is shown on this medal.

Valentine marrying young couples and the letter he sent to the jailer’s daughter, the origins of his link with love and marriage are a little unclear.

Since this day was observed on February 15, Christians who lived after the period of St.

Valentine, who was commemorated on the 14th of February.

So it’s no surprise that birds, particularly lovebirds, are frequently shown alongside Saint Valentine.

This custom is an attempt by Christians to draw the attention of the world to the Godly representation of love, as demonstrated by the life of St. Valentine, who gave his life for the love of God, thereby becoming a martyr for the faith.

St. Valentine in Art

It is most common to see St. Valentine shown in crimson clothing and grasping a palm branch, both of which are representations of martyrdom. At other occasions, he is dressed in the vestments of a priest, which he does not. He occasionally carries a little cross or book, which he uses to reflect the Christian religion that he has taught throughout his life. In addition, he may be depicted with birds surrounding him (lovebirds), or in the process of curing the sight of the jailer’s daughter, depending on the source.

Prayers of St. Valentine

The image of St Valentine on a holy card is adorned with a crimson clak and palm branches, which are emblems of his suffering.

Prayer to St. Valentine

Pray for the Faithful, then, O holy Martyr, who are so tenacious in their commemoration of thy memory, please. The day of Judgment will unveil to us all the splendor of thy deeds and accomplishments. O pray for us, so that we may be made thy comrades at the right side of the Great Judge and be joined with thee forever in paradise, we beseech thee! Antiphon: Despite the fact that he was fighting for the law of his God, this Saint did not fear the words of the wicked because he was firmly planted on solid ground.

Through the merits of Christ our Lord.

Prayer to St. Valentine

Sweethearts, young people, and happy marriages are protected by this patron saint. Dear Saint and magnificent Martyr, who are so beloved by lovers, please be nice to those whom we love as well as to us as we love them. Teach us to love without expecting anything in return and to take tremendous pleasure in giving. All sincere lovers will be able to bring out the best in one another with this spell. Allow them to love one another in God and in God in one another. Amen.

The Prayer of St. Valentine

Dear Lord, who art exalted in the heavens, Giver of Love and Passion, and He who binds the chords of the heart, we pray for you. This day, February ten plus four, is a special day for the Lovers. When the date is the ideal number of GodGreater two souls and two hearts, it occurs on the second day of the second month of two. Despite the fact that some loves are ephemeral, those founded on you will never fail. As a result, assist the Lovers to understand what is to be. Your truths should be spoken by the tongues of lovers, for Your truth is that which is honest in the heart of the lover.

The Lovers are only a medium for your work.

And let You to be the one who develops the Art of the Lovers; the art that combines the talents of two people into one.

Why St. Valentine Is the Patron Saint of Love

In the Christian tradition, Saint Valentine is known as the patron saint of love. His life, according to believers, was used by God to accomplish miracles and educate others how to recognize and experience genuine love. This well-known saint, an Italian doctor who subsequently became a priest, is credited with inspiring the establishment of the celebration of Valentine’s Day in the United States. He was imprisoned for officiating at weddings for couples at a time when new marriages were prohibited in ancient Rome, which led to his imprisonment.

Before he was executed for refusing to renounce his religion, he wrote a love letter to a little girl he had been assisting in the education of, who happened to be the daughter of his jailer. This letter later became the basis for the practice of giving Valentine’s cards.

Lifetime

The year of his birth is uncertain, but he died in Italy around 270 AD.

Feast Day

The 14th of February

Patron Saint Of

Weddings, engagements, greetings to the young and the young at heart, tourists, beekeepers, persons with epilepsy, and a plethora of churches

Biography

Saint Valentine was a Catholic priest who had also served as a physician at one point in his life. During the third century AD, he resided in Italy and worked as a priest in the city of Rome. There is little information available concerning Valentine’s early life, according to historians. Following Valentine’s initiation into the priesthood, they continue up the tale where it left off. Valentine became well-known by marrying couples who were in love but couldn’t legally be married in Rome under the reign of Emperor Claudius II, who forbade marriages.

  • Claudius desired to recruit a large number of men to serve as soldiers in his army, and he believed that marriage would be a barrier to enlisting fresh recruits in his army.
  • When Emperor Claudius learned that Valentine was conducting weddings, he imprisoned Valentine and ordered him to be executed.
  • Valentine made a friend in his jailer, Asterious, who was so taken with Valentine’s intelligence that he requested Valentine to assist his daughter, Julia, with her schoolwork.
  • Julia was legally blind and required someone to read stuff to her so that she could learn it.
  • Valentine gained popularity with Emperor Claudius as well.
  • Moreover, not only did Valentine refuse to abandon his religious beliefs, but he also pushed Emperor Claudius to invest his faith in Christ as well.
  • As a result of Valentine’s reaction, Emperor Claudius was so furious that he ordered Valentine’s execution.

The First Valentine

Valentine penned a final message to Julia before he was assassinated, encouraging her to remain close to Jesus and thanking her for the privilege of being his friend. “From your Valentine,” he wrote at the bottom of the message. On the 14th of February, Valentine’s Feast Day, which is observed on the same day that Valentine was murdered, individuals were encouraged to write their own love words to those they care about. Valentine was beaten, stoned, and decapitated on the 14th of February in the year 270 AD.

During the year 496, Pope Gelasius declared February 14th to be the official feast day of Saint Valentine.

Famous Miracles of Saint Valentine

The goodbye message that Saint Valentine delivered to Julia was the most well-known miracle ascribed to him, and it is the subject of this article. Christians believe that God miraculously healed Julia of her eyesight so that she could directly read Valentine’s message rather than having it read to her by someone else, as she had previously done. Many individuals have prayed for Valentine to plead on their behalf before God regarding their love relationships in the years following his death. In the years after praying to Saint Valentine for assistance, a large number of couples have reported experiencing miraculous changes in their relationships with their partners, girlfriends, and husbands.

Who was Saint Valentine and why was he executed? love letters explained

Around 145 million cards are sent each year from lovers and spouses, with 25 million of them being sent in the United Kingdom.

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However, the history behind this date is really extremely gruesome, since it involves Saint Valentine in the year 269 AD. Written letters to the daughter of his captor’s daughter, inscribed “from your valentine,” were sent by Saint Valentine (Picture: Shutterstock) Here’s what we know about Saint Valentine, as well as why we commemorate his life on February 14th each year. Who was Saint Valentine, and what was his significance? Valentine was a priest or bishop in Rome around the third century after Christ, and he was known as the “Saint Valentine.” He is said to have been imprisoned by Roman emperor Claudius II as a result of his deception and refusal to comply with the emperor’s instructions to cease conducting Christian weddings.

  • The Roman emperor Claudius had legislated against Christian doctrine because he did not want people to worship anybody else except himself.
  • His friendship with Claudius became stronger, but when he attempted to convert the emperor to Christianity, he was sentenced to death.
  • Claudius’ daughter is not believed to have had an intimate relationship with Saint Valentine, according to tradition.
  • Pope Gelasius designated February 14th as Saint Valentine’s Day in 496 AD to commemorate the Christian martyr who died on this day.
  • Saint Valentine was venerated as a patron saint of love and passion during the upper middle ages (1000-1250 AD).
  • This features an artwork from a French 14th-century book depicting Valentine supervising the construction of his church in Terni, Italy.
  • He is still revered as a saint by the Catholic Church, and his feast day is celebrated on the anniversary of his death, on February 14, which is his death anniversary.
  • Lover’s Day is celebrated on February 14th, and Valentine is the patron saint of epilepsy and beekeepers.
  • As a result of the legend that he signed his farewell letter with the words “from your Valentine,” the custom of sending and receiving anonymous Valentine cards, letters, and poetry from lovers began.
  • “For this was despatched on Seynt Valentyne’s day / When every foul cometh ther to pick his mate,” he said.
  • Valentine’s Day will be celebrated by roughly 75% of individuals in the United Kingdom, with millenials spending the most – approximately £32 per person.

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Why is St. Valentine the patron saint of those in love?

Msgr. Jorge de los Santos’s homily St. Valentine, the patron saint of lovers, was born around 175 AD in what is now modern-day Italy. The priesthood and afterwards the episcopacy were bestowed to him. He lived in Rome during the third century under the reign of Emperor Claudius III, who forbade the celebration of marriage among young people because he felt that “single men without families were better soldiers since they are not linked to anybody.” St. Valentine refused to abide by the emperor’s order and instead opposed him by marrying young couples in secret.

  1. In the year 270 AD, the bishop was tormented and ultimately beheaded.
  2. However, it gained widespread popularity after the 14th century, earning the nicknames “the Day of Love” and “the Day of Love and Friendship” in other parts of the world as a result.
  3. It has become customary for a pair in love, whether they are boyfriend and girlfriend, husband and wife, or simply friends, to show their feelings for one another with a date or a gift — and the greater and more costly the gift, the better the gesture.
  4. Valentine’s Day to be a lovely feast because it gives us the opportunity to celebrate the truth about love.
  5. In other words, the point of reference that instructs us on how to love is not how I love, but how Jesus loves me.
  6. Because “God is love,” the foundation of our faith is based on love (1 Jn 4:8).
  7. All of us, from the newborn who rests in his mother’s arms to the old man who excitedly awaits a visit from his children and grandchildren, are driven by an instinctive need to feel significant, useful, and loved by someone else.
  8. God created us with a desire and a need to be loved so that we may seek him, who is the sole source of love in the universe.
  9. For all of eternity, man’s primary occupation will be love.
  10. Love was the driving force behind the creation of the entire cosmos.

And the greatest demonstration of love came in the person of Jesus Christ. He completely surrendered himself to us and shed his blood in our place. What Bishop Valentine, as a saint of the Catholic Church, inspires us to act out in our daily lives is what he did in his life.

10 Facts About Saint Valentine

Valentine, a Roman priest who lived in the year 270, was stoned to death and then decapitated on February 14, 270. Saint Valentine’s Day was established on February 14th, 496, by Pope Gelasius in commemoration of his sacrifice. For hundreds of years, St. Valentine has been connected with romance, love, and devotion among men and women. Despite this, nothing is known about his existence – it is not even clear whether he was a single individual or a pair of individuals. Here are some interesting facts about the man who created Valentine’s Day.

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1. He was a 3rd century Roman clergyman

According to most traditions, St. Valentine was a cleric — either a priest or a bishop – in the Roman Empire around the third century. He was killed somewhere about the year 270, during a widespread persecution of Christians. According to the 1493 edition of the ‘Nuremberg Chronicle,’ he was flogged with clubs and eventually executed for assisting Christians in Italy. According to ‘The Golden Legend’ of 1260, St. Valentine refused to reject Christ before the emperorClaudius II Gothicus(214-270), and as a result, he was beheaded outside the Flaminian Gate.

2. He had the power of healing

According to one common narrative, St. Valentine was a previous bishop of Terni, which is located in central Italy. The two men discussed their various religious beliefs while each were placed under house arrest by Judge Asterius. St. Valentine was visited by Asterius, who brought his adopted blind daughter to him and requested him to assist her in seeing again. Valentine, who was praying to God, placed his hands on the kid’s eyes, and the youngster was able to see again. The judge was immediately humiliated and converted to Christianity, becoming baptized, and releasing all of his Christian captives, including Valentine, in the process.

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3. “From Your Valentine” originates from a letter of his

Years after his release, Valentine was caught for evangelism once more and imprisoned before being handed over to Claudius II. Apparently, the emperor took a fancy to him, at least until Valentine attempted to persuade him to convert to Christianity. Valentine refused and was sentenced to death by Claudius, who demanded that he either forsake his religion or face the consequences of his actions. A message to Asterius’ daughter was written on the day of his execution, and it was addressed to the kid whom he had healed of blindness and befriended.

4. His skull is on display in Rome

Rome’s Santa Maria in Cosmedin Church, where a relic of St. Valentine can be seen (Photo courtesy of Dnalor 01 and Creative Commons). According to the official history of the Diocese of Terni, Valentine’s body was quickly buried in a cemetery close to where he was killed before his disciples were able to recover his body and bring him back to his hometown of Terni. The discovery of skeleton bones and other relics related with St. Valentine came about as a result of the excavation of a catacomb near Rome in the early nineteenth century.

Its head, which has been embellished with flowers, may be seen on display in the Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosemedin in Rome, and other pieces of his bones can be seen in the United Kingdom (Scotland), France, Ireland, and the Czech Republic.

5. His blood was gifted by Pope Gregory XVI

In 1836, the Carmelite priest John Spratt received a gift from Pope Gregory XVI (1765-1846) that contained a “small jar stained” with the blood of St. Valentine. The gift was from Pope Gregory XVI (1765-1846). Thereafter, the gift was transported to the Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church in Dublin, where it is still on display today. The church continues to be a popular destination for pilgrims, especially on St. Valentine’s Day, when individuals seeking love go to the chapel in droves.

6. He is the patron saint of epilepsy

St. Valentine’s sacramental responsibilities do not end with interceding for loving couples and marriages. As well as beekeepers and travelers, he is also the patron saint of epilepsy, the plague, fainting, and the occult.

7. He may have been two different people

Pope Gelasius I questioned St. Valentine’s identification as early as 496, referring to him and his actions as “known only to God.” He also referred to him and his actions as “known only to God.” The ‘Catholic Encyclopaedia’ and other hagiographical texts refer to three distinct Saint Valentines who occur in association with the 14th of February in different places. Valentine is described as a temple priest who was murdered in Rome for assisting Christian couples in their marriage according to one 15th century source.

While the two legends are similar, there was enough dispute about his identity that the Catholic Church decided to suspend liturgical worship of him in 1969.

8. There are actually many St. Valentines

In Late Antiquity, the name “Valentinus” – derived from the Latin wordvalens, which means “strong, honorable, and powerful” – became popular. The Roman Catholic Church commemorates around 11 more saints who have the name Valentine, or a variant thereof, in addition to St. Valentine. The most recent Valentine to be beautified was St. Valentine Berrio-Ochoa of Ellorio, Spain, who served as bishop in Vietnam until he was executed in 1861. He was the most recent Valentine to be beautified. There was also a Pope Valentine, who reigned for two months in 827 and was the first pope to do so.

Valentine of Rome, in order to distinguish him from the other St.

The Lupercalian Festival in Rome, created by the Adam Eisheimer Circle (photo courtesy of Christie’s).

9. His association with love began in the Middle Ages

Since the Middle Ages, St. Valentine’s Day has been connected with the tradition of courtly love and courtly courtship. According to popular belief, birds began mating in the middle of February. Every year during this time period, 14 February is commemorated as a day that brought lovers together, with the most lyrical reference being “the birds and the bees.” According to historians Alban Butler and Francis Douce from the 18th century, Valentine’s Day was most likely invented to supplant the pagan festival Lupercalia, which was celebrated on February 14th.

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10. Valentine’s Day may have been an invention by Chaucer

Because of its association with the tradition of courtly love, St. Valentine’s Day has been celebrated since the Middle Ages. According to popular belief, birds began mating in mid-February. Every year around Valentine’s Day, the 14th of February is remembered as a day that brought lovers together, most poetically as “the birds and the bees.” Lupercalia, a pagan festival celebrated in February, was most likely intended to be overshadowed by Valentine’s Day, according to 18th-century historians Alban Butler and Francis Douce.

Simon Elliott, Barbara Birley, Adrian Goldsworthy, Catherine Nixey, Miles Russell, and Lindsay Powell are among the Roman historians and archaeologists featured in this documentary.

Who was Saint Valentine? A history of the figure’s origins

Valentine’s Day is celebrated over the world, and almost everyone in the English-speaking world is aware of it. Chocolates, flowers, and jewelry are all more popular on February 14 than on any other day of the year, with only Christmas greeting cards being purchased in greater quantities. Among Catholics, Valentine is still revered as the patron saint of engaged couples, happy marriages, love and lovers, among other things. However, having a patron saint of love and lovers is not precisely in keeping with Christian philosophy, which has long emphasized the benefits of self-denial as a source of happiness.

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As a result, a saint who endorses the sharing of chocolates and kisses between lovers appears to be of questionable theological standing.

  • Watching historical films with leading ladies in love is a great way to spend Valentine’s Day.

Who was Saint Valentine?

Depending on which source you consult (Wikipedia, Catholic Encyclopedia, or more popular digital publications such asBuzzfeed and History.com), you will learn that Valentine lived in the third century, served as either a priest or a bishop in Rome, and was imprisoned by the Roman emperor for being a Christian during a time when Christianity was still considered illegal. The performance of marriage ceremonies for Christian lovers, according to Catholic news sites; however, others report that Valentine transported communications between incarcerated Christians and, before being killed, left a note to a young woman marked “your Valentine.” Upon more investigation and examination of the ancient texts, another Valentine is discovered.

  • Christians and others liked the term because it conveys the idea of being powerful or deserving of respect.
  • One of them was a general sent to Africa.
  • We don’t have any further information on him.
  • In the second place, there was Bishop Valentinus of Terni, which is about 70 miles northeast of Rome, and in the third place, there was a Roman priest.
  • The bishop of Terni, according to his hagiographer who lived in the fifth or sixth century, was invited to Rome somewhere in the 260s to treat the sick son of Craton, a rhetor who ran a school and hosted visiting Greek intellectuals.
  • However, when Bishop Valentine came, he immediately attempted to persuade Craton to become a Christian.
  • His question was, “How can water, which cleanses dirt from the body, wash away sins?” he said.

If Valentine was able to heal the kid, Craton’s entire family would become Christians.

Chaeremon seemed to be in good health the next morning.

When the Roman senate learned of Valentine’s activities, they swiftly imprisoned him, beaten him, and then beheaded him as punishment.

Unfortunately, Roman troops apprehended and executed them, as well as their companions.

He was the third of the Valentini.

According to legend, anything the priest Valentinus did to anger the authorities resulted in him being brought before Claudius, where he used the chance to preach.

Without a second’s hesitation, Valentine began preaching as soon as he walked through the door, expounding on Christ’s role as the light of the world.

Valentine placed his hands over the girl’s eyes and prayed that she would be able to see the truth.

Valentine began baptizing everyone in his immediate vicinity, resulting in the conversion of 44 members of Asterius’ household to Christianity.

Claudius, on the other hand, quickly discovered the truth and imprisoned them all. Valentine was beheaded, along with numerous other people who became known as martyrs as a result of their actions.

Valentine tourism

None of the three Valentine’s biographies were written before the fifth century, which means they were written at least 200 years after any of the saints were said to have lived. In the pre-medieval period, there is no written or physical evidence that any of these Valentines were associated with love or romantic partners. The term ‘amor,’ which is Latin for ‘love,’ does not exist anywhere in the writings. Even while advocating their God, the two most well-known Valentines avoided using the words “affection” and instead used the words “faith” and “illumination.” Instead, they became well-known in succeeding ages for healing individuals who, like Chaeremon, suffered from “falling illness,” sometimes known as epilepsy, as a result of their work.

  1. Religious pilgrims visited the graves of martyrs, praying for the saints’ assistance in illness and for their intercession with God.
  2. Thousands of people gathered to pay their respects to the Roman Valentine, who was allegedly interred in a vault at the place of his execution, on the Via Flaminia just outside the city walls of Rome.
  3. They began referring to the city gate as Valentine’s Gate after Valentine’s Day (today it is known as the Porta del Populo.) Excavations at the site in the nineteenth century uncovered tombs dating back to the fourth and fifth centuries, as well as pieces etched with Valentine’s name.
  4. Throughout the European Middle Ages, Valentine was neither more or less popular than other old Roman martyrs, and this was true throughout the world.
  5. Medieval authors occasionally confused their Valentines, attributing the marvels of one to the wonders of another.

Saintly ‘promotion’

Eventually, some medieval historians were wary of the obvious similarities between the accounts of the bishop and the priest, and they began to question their own assumptions. He and his companions were well aware that, as the empire waned, Rome had deteriorated into a devastated heap of broken, nameless tombs, from which anybody might claim the bones of a “martyr.” Bishops and abbots hungry for relics did not always perform adequate authentication on the bones of people, the shreds of blood-soaked fabric, and the other things pulled out of crypts and carried northward as relics, as evidenced by the following: Hagiographers took advantage of the situation by revising saints’ tales in order to publicize the existence of relics in their churches.

  • As late as the 11th century, when Valentine’s skull was discovered in Roquemaure and displayed there on Valentine’s feast day every year, one Breton bishop wrote down the long list of miracles that had increased the saint’s renown.
  • In addition to the bone in Prague (SS.
  • No indication could be found in the inscriptions on the reliquaries that held his bones, nor in the sculptures or artworks that depicted him as a lover.
  • Valentine was frequently seen bending over epileptic or plague victims in early printed books from the 16th century.

Other scenes showed excited executioners slicing off his head with their machetes. The saint did not appear to be sending messages or marrying lovers in any of the images. Valentine himself looked to be more harsh than he appeared to be amorous.

Chaucer’s patron of love

Modern literary academics attribute Valentine’s transformation into the patron saint of love to one man: Geoffrey Chaucer, author of The Canterbury Tales and other poetry works, according to modern literary experts. During the negotiations for Richard II’s marriage to Anne of Bohemia in 1380, Chaucer’s Parlement of Foules, an allegorical tale thought to have been written during the negotiations for Richard II’s marriage to Anne of Bohemia, mentioned “seynt Volantynys day/ When euery bryd comyth there to chese his make,” according to scholars.

  • It is possible that Chaucer read the hagiographies of Valentine in their local English translations.
  • Chaucer, on the other hand, was the one who invented the love link.
  • Chaucer’s literary associates were among the first to do so in print, according to the New York Times.
  • Christine de Pizan, writing in her novelDit de la Rose, detailed how French knights founded a mythical Order of the Rose on Saint Valentine’s Day, a tradition that continues to this day.

Featured image courtesy of Time Life Pictures, Mansell, The LIFE Picture Collection, and Getty Images Leigh Schmidt, a religious studies expert, has stated that Valentine, who died on 14 February, continues to be significant to churchgoers and individuals who suffer from epilepsy as a martyr (‘The Fashioning of a Modern Holiday,’ Winterthur Portfolio28:4).

William Shakespeare and Valentine’s cards

Aristocratic circles and folk custom both contributed to the rise of Valentine as a patron of love and lovers in the centuries following the Christian era. Poets such as William Shakespeare and John Donne carried on Chaucer’s practice of using Valentine and Valentine’s Day as symbols of love, as did other writers such as Shakespeare and Donne. Others exchanged presents as they were writing poetry in celebration of the festival.

Across the country, men and women gathered on Valentine’s Day to celebrate and participate in activities such as drawing lots for Valentine’s Day sweethearts and divination, which included conjuring up the identity of one’s future spouse.

Aristocratic circles and folk custom both contributed to Valentine’s growing popularity as the patron saint of love and lovers. The use of Valentine’s Day as a symbol of love was carried on by poets such as William Shakespeare and John Donne, who followed Chaucer’s tradition. Others exchanged presents as they were writing poetry in honor of the festival. The day before Valentine’s Day, men and women gathered in rural villages to celebrate and participate in activities such as drawing lots for Valentine’s Day sweethearts and divination, which involved conjuring up the identity of one’s future spouse.

  • Read more:9 unexpectedly gloomy Valentine’s Day cards from the past that are lewd, frightening, and offensive

Ancient explanations

The evidence supporting Chaucer’s change of the holiday is overwhelming, yet some researchers have continued to look for historical roots for Valentine’s Day’s current connotations with love and romance despite this. When historians searched the records of ancient history for evidence of celebrations around mid-February in the 19th century, they came up empty-handed. A celebration related with Faunus or Pan, Lupercalia, was discovered on the Ides of February, and it was celebrated with a carnival that year (15 February.) During the Roman Empire’s early years, colleges and clubs of young noblemen sacrificed goats and dogs on an altar in the cave where, according to mythology, Romulus and Remus, the city’s founders, were suckled by a legendary she-wolf.

  1. According to legend, the young men also drew lots for their sexual partners.
  2. Other modern researchers have placed the blame on Emperor Claudius, who is said to have prohibited young males from marrying in the third century.
  3. Valentine’s heroic history is shown in this rendition of the saint’s life as he bravely defied the emperor and married Christian couples.
  4. These ideas for Valentine’s Day are significantly more popular than the ‘Chaucer Theory,’ which has been around for a long time.

Mainstream digital publications purporting to unveil the “actual tale of the genuine Saint Valentine” give stories that are quite similar to these (albeit those authors who go as far as Wikipedia acknowledge Chaucer’s influence on their work.) That modern celebrants have selected Cupid, the Greco-Roman deity of passionate love, as one of the day’s key emblems, given that Saint Valentine was beheaded, is ironic.

Stripped of saintly status

Unfortunately, Valentine’s rewritten legend is said to have resulted in his loss of saintly rank in the current Catholic church as a result. Valentine was removed off the Catholic Church’s global calendar of saints in 1969 due to a lack of historical evidence supporting his tale. The veneration of the patron saint of epilepsy is still permissible for Catholics if they so want, although it is not a requirement within the Catholic Church’s liturgical calendar. Fans of Saint Valentine are free to spend their time picking cards and presents for their loved ones, just as the rest of the world is, however some believers have found a method to honor their patron saint while still participating in the celebration of love.

“Dear Valentine,” says the narrator.

“Saint Valentine, might I perhaps see Annabelle again?” another person begs (Irish Times, 8 February 2014).

None of us knows exactly what happened in late antiquity, or who Valentine (or Valentines) was (or were), or why Christians began to worship him in the first place.

According to the MailOnline (13 February 2017), a Brazilian forensic scientist utilized photographs of a skull piece held at Santa Maria in Cosmedin to rebuild the face of Saint Valentine.

Lisa Bitel is Dean’s Professor of Religion at the University of Southern California, as well as a professor of religion and history at the same institution (USC).

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