What Is Saint Basil Known For

Saint Basil the Great

The early Church Father St. Basil the Great, LatinBasilius (born 329 in CaesareaMazaca, Cappadocia—died January 1, 379 in Caesarea; Western feast day January 2; Eastern feast day January 1), a staunch opponent of the Arianheresy, was a martyr. As the Archbishop of Caesarea, he authored various books on monasticism, theology, and canon law throughout his tenure. Immediately following his death, he was canonized.

Early life and ecclesiastical career

Originally from Caesarea, the capital of Cappadocia, Basil was born into a famous family in the 4th century. Cappadocia was an important province of Asia Minor in the 4th century because of its strategic location on the military path between Constantinople and Antioch. Christianization of the family had begun during the persecutions of Christians, which ended in the early fourth century and continued to the present day. One of Basil’s uncles served as a bishop, as did two of his brothers later in life (Gregory and Peter of Sebaste).

He had his education at Caesarea, Constantinople, and, lastly (c.351–356), atAthens, where he formed a connection with St.

  1. He resumed a secular profession after coming home, but the influence of his religious sister Macrina, who went on to become a nun and abbess, reaffirmed his early inclination toward the asceticlife.
  2. The monasteries of Egypt were visited by him in 357, and he aided the Cappadocian bishops at the Synod of Constantinople in 360, according to tradition.
  3. Basil was reconciled with Dianius shortly before his death (362), and he was afterwards appointed as a presbyter (priest) to help Dianius’ successor, the newly converted Eusebius, after his death.
  4. When the church was endangered by the Arian emperor Valens in 365, he was summoned back to Caesarea.

His theological and ecclesiastical policy thereafter aimed to unite against Arianism the former semi-Arians, and the supporters of Nicaea under the formula “three persons (hypostases) in one substance (ousia),” thus preserving both unity and the necessary distinctions in the theological concept of the Godhead in theological concept of the Godhead When Eusebius died in 370, Basil was appointed as his successor, despite the opposition of some of the other bishops in the province at the time.

Anti-Arian activities

While serving as bishop of Caesarea, Basil was also the metropolitan (ecclesiastical primate of a province) of Cappadocia, and his owndiocese covered the vast estates of eastern Cappadocia, where he was aided by a number of “country bishops” (chorepiscopi). In addition, he established charity organizations to assist the impoverished, the sick, and travelers. When Valens arrived through Caesarea in 371 and demanded that Basil submit, Basil responded in a spectacular manner. When Valens partitioned the province, Basil felt it a personal attack, because Anthimus of Tyana was elevated to the position of metropolitan for the cities of western Cappadocia as a result of the division.

Gregory of Nazianzus at Sasima and St.

Despite the fact that this strategy was only partially effective, Basil was spared the attacks on orthodox bishops that Valens had undertaken elsewhere.

Meletius, the former semi-Arian bishop of Antioch (one of the five major patriarchates in early Christianity), against Paulinus, the leader of the strictNiceneminority, because he feared that the extreme Nicenes at this point were slipping intoSabellianism, a heresy that overstated the oneness of God.

Basil’s health was in terrible shape, possibly as a result of the rigors of his austere life.

Vigorous and staunch in his convictions, he appears to have been revered rather than loved in his own time, even by his closest associates. However, he was profoundly mourned and was quickly elevated to the ranks of the saints.

Works and legacy

Basil’s extensive and significant publications arose from his practical problems as a monk, pastor, and church leader, which he addressed in his writings. They were to have a significant impact on the monastic life of Eastern Christianity. TheLonger RulesandShorter Rules(formonasteries) and other ascetic writings distill the experience that began at Annesi and continued during his supervision of the monasteries of Cappadocia: they were to have a significant impact on the monastic life of Eastern Christianity.

  • The majority of Basil’s sermons that have survived are concerned with ethical and social issues.
  • When Basil preaches theHexameron (also known as the “Six Days”), a series of nineLenten sermons on the six days of creation, he describes the various beauty of the universe as reflecting the brilliance of God.
  • Basil’s personality is most clearly portrayed in his letters, of which more than 300 have been saved to this day.
  • Several of his Canonical Epistles, which include rulings on matters of discipline, have been incorporated into the canon law of the Eastern Orthodox Church.
  • Basil, or the Liturgy of St.
  • But at the at least, the primary prayer of consecration (which sets aside the bread and wine) reflects his spirit and was most likely in use at Caesarea during his lifetime.
  • Hardy is a fictional character created by author Edward R.

Saint Basil the Great

The Life and Times of Saint Basil the Great Basil was well on his way to become a well-known teacher when he made the decision to enter a monastic life of gospel poverty, which he continues to this day. The monk created what was possibly the first monastery in Asia Minor after studying various styles of monastic life for several years. In many ways, he is to Eastern monks what Saint Benedict is to Western monks, and the values he espoused continue to inspire Eastern monasticism today. He was ordained a priest, served as an assistant to the archbishop of Caesarea (now in northeastern Turkey), and eventually rose to the post of archbishop himself, despite opposition from some of the bishops beneath him, who were likely concerned about the impending reforms.

  1. Emperor Valens persecuted orthodox Christians and exerted considerable pressure on Basil to keep silent and allow the heretics to participate in the Eucharist.
  2. However, there was still problems.
  3. He worked tirelessly to unify and rally his fellow Catholics, who were being crushed by dictatorship and torn apart by internal divisions at the time of his death.
  4. He was accused of heresy and ambition as well.
  5. “It appears like I am a failure in everything because of my crimes.” Basil devoted his time and energy to pastoral care.
  6. He also organized famine relief and worked in a soup kitchen himself as a child, and he was a fierce opponent of prostitution in his childhood.
  7. Despite the fact that he was not well acknowledged during his lifetime, his works rightfully position him among the great teachers of the Church.
  8. Reflection “The more things change, the more they remain the same,” as the French proverb says.
  9. When it came to sainthood, it required working to retain the spirit of Christ in the midst of confusing and unpleasant issues such as reform and organization while battling for the poor, and keeping balance and harmony in the midst of miscommunication.

Saint Basil the Great is the patron saint of the following countries: Russia

Patron Saint

He was born in Caesarea of Cappadocia, at the end of the year 329, to a family that was famous for its wisdom and holiness. Saint Basil the Great was the first Pope of the Roman Catholic Church. His parents’ names were Basil and Emily, and he was born to them. His mother Emily (celebrated on July 19) and grandmother Macrina (celebrated on January 14) are both Saints of the Church, as are all of his brothers and sisters: Macrina, his elder sister (celebrated on July 19), Gregory of Nyssa (celebrated on January 14), Peter of Sebastia (celebrated on January 9), and Naucratius.

  1. His mother and sister Macrina were already on the path of asceticism when he left Caesarea for a hermitage on the Iris River in Pontus, not far from Annesi, where he wrote his ascetical homilies and where he visited monks in Egypt, Palestine, Syria, and Mesopotamia.
  2. Emperor Valens and Eparch of the East Modestus attempted to coerce the Saint into accepting their own confession by threatening him with exile and torture.
  3. Ultimately, they were unsuccessful.
  4. Modestus was taken aback by Basil’s lack of fear in his presence and remarked that he had never heard someone speak like that to him before.
  5. It was almost as though Basil’s dignity and intelligence were winning over the Emperor Valens himself.
  6. After promising Valens that his son would be restored if Valens consented to have him baptized by the Orthodox, the Saint prayed, and the boy was resurrected.
  7. Later, Valens, convinced by his advisors, planned to exile the Saint since he would not allow the Arians into communion; however, his pen broke as he was writing the order of exile, and the Saint died as a result.
  8. The genuinely great Basil, whose life had been spent in intense ascetical practices and constant labors at the helm of the church, passed away on the 1st of January, 379, at the age of forty-nine, and was resurrected by the Lord.
  9. “The revealer of heavenly things” and “the Great” are two titles that have been bestowed upon him in recognition of his grandeur and sharpness of speech.
  10. Fourth Tone Apolytikion (Apolytikion in the Fourth Tone) Your voice resounded across the universe that had received your message, through which you taught theology, defined the nature of creatures, and put the character of individuals in order in a godly manner.
  11. In the Fourth Tone, there is a Kontakion.

This is the basis of the Church. The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America is the source of this information.

St. Basil the Great

Arian controversy: St. Basil the Great (329-379) was Bishop of Caesarea in the Roman province of Cappadocia and was crucial in the establishment of monasticism in the Eastern Orthodox Church. He also had a part in the development of Eastern Orthodox Christianity. Basil was the eldest of ten children born into a wealthy and aristocratic Christian family in Cappadocia (now in Turkey); his younger brother Gregory, later known as Gregory of Nyssa, rose to the position of bishop and prominent theologian in his own right.

There, he met Gregory of Nazianzus, a fellow student with whom he forged a connection that would last a lifetime.

Cenobitic Monasticism

After a period of time spent teaching rhetoric in Caesarea, Basil made the decision to forego the delights of secular life in order to seek the ideal of Christian perfection instead. He traveled to Egypt and the Near East to meet prominent Christian ascetics, and then returned to his family’s estates on the Iris River when he was approximately 30 years old to embrace a life of monastic solitude and strict discipline. Basil was the first monk in Asia Minor to practice cenobitic monasticism, a system in which monks live in communities under a common rule of life, and he had a significant impact on others by his example.

Bishop of Caesarea

Basil was dragged away from monastic issues and into the larger life and struggles of the Church as a result of his leadership and educational abilities. Two consecutive bishops of Caesarea invited him to their service between 359 and 370, the second of whom ordained him a priest at the end of his tenure with them. Basil’s strong views, on the other hand, caused him to have tense relations with his superiors, and he frequently left Caesarea to work among his monastery communities. In 370, however, he was elevated to the position of bishop of Caesarea, and he remained one of the most influential people in the Eastern Church until his death in 379.

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Whereas the Arians asserted that belief in the full deity of Christ was incompatible with monotheism, non-Arian groups were more concerned with the question of whether it was possible to maintain distinctions between God the Father, Jesus Christ the Son, and the Holy Spirit while also asserting the full deity of all three in the same way.

While agreeing with the Nicene party that there is only one divine substance (in Greek,ousia), he went further by maintaining at the same time that each of the three hypostases within the triune god is a distinct and distinct hypostasis.

As a Church leader, Basil shown remarkable fortitude in confronting the Eastern emperor Valens, who was determined to impose a creedal declaration tolerant of Arianism on the Church and to excommunicate anti-Arian bishops who opposed it.

He was too much of a moderate to be acceptable to the papacy’s strongly Nicene viewpoint, but he set the ground for the eventual success of his cause at the Council of Constantinople in 381, a victory that he did not live to witness.

Further Reading on St. Basil the Great

W.K. Lowther Clarke’s St. Basil the Great; A Study in Monasticism is a full-length study on Basil that is available online (1913). The book St. Basil the Great and Apollinaris of Laodicea, by G.L. Prestige and edited by Henry Chadwick (1956), offers a brief summary of Basil’s life as well as an examination of his communication with Apollinaris of Laodicea. Basil is mentioned briefly in Hans von Campenhausen’s The Fathers of the Greek Church (translated by Stanley Godman), which has a brief evaluation of the man (1959).

St. Basil the Great: Father of Communal Monasticism

He is, of course, none other than St. Basil the Great himself. In the Universal Catholic Church, we commemorate his feast day today, as do the Anglican and Lutheran churches, as well as other Christian denominations. We also recall the enormous spirituality and effect that St. Basil the Great had on the Church in Europe during his time on this planet. Beginning with his birth, we know that St. Basil the Great was born in the year 330 AD, which places him in the early years of the Christian church.

  • Cappadocia is today most often known as the Turkish city of Kayseri, which is located in the region.
  • It was in Pontus that he received his primary education, which was provided by both his father and grandmother.
  • Gregory of Nazianzus, who would become his lifelong companion, met him while he was still in school.
  • In addition, they lived in Athens for six years.
  • Basil practiced law and taught rhetoric at Caesarea for a brief period of time.
  • Basil made his most momentous decision to date when he decided to give up his legal and teaching ambitions in order to devote his life to God.
  • Basil embarked on a journey that took him to Egypt, Palestine, Syria, and Mesopotamia to study ascetics and monastic practices.
  • His mother Emmelia, sister Macrina, and a number of other ladies joined them in their efforts to live a more fruitful and devout life than they had previously.
  • Basil the Great is both the patron saint of hospital managers and the patron saint of social reformers.
  • This is essential because the fact that he is the Patron Saint of the region of Cappadocia serves as a reminder to everyone that Christianity has a long history in that specific region, particularly in Russia, is significant.
  • Basil, as well as for the numerous religious Basilians who serve us and the entire world, including our own Fr.

Thomas Rosica, CSB. This world would unquestionably be a different place if it weren’t for their zeal, strength, and love for God and the Catholic Church. We ask that you, St. Basil, continue to intercede for us now and in the future.

<span>Basil the Great – Our Patron Saint</span>

Feastday is celebrated in January. 379 people died. In the year 330, St. Basil the Great was born in the city of Caesarea of Cappadocia. He was the tenth child of St. Basil the Elder and St. Emmelia, and the youngest of their 10 children. Several of his siblings and sisters have been elevated to the ranks of the saints. He went to school in Caesarea, as well as at Constantinople and Athens, where he met St. Gregory Nazianzen in 352, and they became friends. He went on to establish a school of oratory in Caesarea, as well as a legal practice there.

As a monk, Basil wrote the first set of monastic rules which has proved the most lasting of those in the East. After founding several other monasteries, he was ordained a priest and, in 370, made bishop of Caesaria. He stayed this post until his death in 379 and continued to be a man of vast learning and constant activity, genuine eloquence and immense charity. This earned for him the title of “Great” during his life and Doctor of the Church after his death.

Among the early Church’s giants, Basil is regarded as one of the most important. He was largely important for the victory of Nicene orthodoxy over Arianism in the Byzantine East, and his efforts resulted in the repudiation of Arianism at the Council of Constantinople in 381, which was a watershed moment in Christian history. Fighting simony, providing aid to those suffering due to drought and famine, working to improve the clergy, insisting on strict clerical discipline, speaking out against evil wherever it was found, and excommunicating those involved in the widespread prostitution trade in Cappadocia were just some of Basil’s accomplishments.

The feast day of St Basil is celebrated on the 2nd of January in the Roman Catholic church and on January 1st in the Eastern Orthodox Church.
PATRON SAINT OF: Hospital Administrators; Reformers; Monks; Education, Exorcism

Saint Basil the Great

Born from a noble family, he grew up in a religious environment — his mother, father, and four of his siblings, including Saint Gregory of Nyssa, were all canonized. Saint Macrina the Elder’s grandson, Saint Macrina the Younger. Basil was well-known as a young man for organizing famine relief efforts and for working in the kitchens personally, which was rare for a young nobleman. He traveled to Constantinople and Athens with his buddy Saint Gregory Nazianus to further his education. In the Caesarea, I ran a school, a foratory, and a legal firm.

  • He sold all he owned, gave up the proceeds, and took the vow of apriestandmonk because of fear that it would undermine his religiosity.
  • To the west, you’ll find SaintBenedict of Nursiawas.
  • Two times a day, Mass and sermons were delivered to the people.
  • Doctor of the Church in Greek.
  • Avoid being disheartened and instead turn to Mary in your times of need.
  • Saint Basil the Great is credited with inventing the term “saint.” Happiness awaits the person who, night and day, is preoccupied with nothing other than how he will be able to give an acceptable account of his life when he appears before the Judge.

– The bread that you eat is the bread that the hungry eat; the garment that hangs in your closet is the garment of the naked; the shoes that you do not wear are the shoes of the barefoot; and the acts of charity that you do not perform are a slew of injustices that you have committed against the world.

  1. In order to rescue sinners, Jesus Christ came into our world.
  2. It is the Word of God that summons us to repentance, exhorting us to “come to me, all you who work and are severely laden, and I will refresh you” (Matthew 11:28).
  3. If a neighbor’s granaries are overflowing with a bumper crop, if his efforts are rewarded with success, the jealous guy feels disappointed and depressed.
  4. The envious, on the other hand, are afraid to speak up since, while jealousy makes them appear happy on the outside, their hearts are aching on the inside.
  5. Not that his buddy’s pleasure frustrates him, nor does his joy make him unhappy, nor is he upset that his friend is prospering; rather, he is convinced that the prosperity of others is the source of his own suffering, and he believes this to be the case.
  6. Similar to how one’s shadow follows one when walking in the light, jealously follows individuals who are successful in their endeavors throughout life.
  7. The Faith has been taught, the nature of created things has been disclosed, and a royal priesthood of men has been established as a result of this act of teaching and revelation.
  8. – Saint Basil the Great’s Troparion of Victory Thy teachings, O holy Basil, revealer of the mysteries of heaven, established the Church on an unshakeable basis.

You granted all humans an inviolate dominion that you sealed with thy doctrine, establishing the Church on an unshakeable foundation. – Saint Basil the Great’s Kontakion (contemplation)

Our Patron – St. Basil Greek Orthodox Church

Saint Basil the Great, Archbishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia, “belongs not only to the Church of Caesarea, nor merely to his own time, nor was he of benefit only to his own kinsmen, but rather to all lands and cities throughout the world, and to all people he brought and continues to bring benefit, and for Christians he has always been and will continue to be a most salvific teacher,” according to the Catholic Encyclopedia.

  1. Saint Basil’s contemporaries, Saint Amphilochius, Bishop of Iconium, expressed himself in this way.
  2. He belonged to an aristocratic dynasty that was renowned for its eminence and riches, and he was a fervent believer in the Christian faith.
  3. Saint Basil’s mother, Saint Emilia, was the daughter of a martyr, who died in the service of her country.
  4. Basil was also the name of Saint Basil’s father, who was also named Basil.
  5. Basil and Emilia had a total of ten children, five males and five girls, throughout their marriage.
  6. Basil the Great was canonized as a saint in the year 550.
  7. He spent his early years of life on an estate owned by his parents near the River Iris, where he was reared by his mother Emilia and grandmother Macrina under the supervision of his mother Emilia and grandmother Macrina.
  8. Initially, Basil received his education under the supervision of his father, and then he went on to study under the best teachers in Caesarea of Cappadocia, where he met and became acquainted with Saint Gregory the Theologian (January 25 and January 30).
  9. Saint Basil proceeded to Athens to continue his study, which was the epicenter of classical enlightenment at the time.

“He went over everything in great detail, much more than most people do when studying a single subject.” In each science, he studied it in its entirety as though he were studying it for the first time.” Philosopher, scholar of the Greek language, orator, jurist, naturalist, and possessor of extensive knowledge in the fields of astronomy, mathematics, and medicine, “he was a ship fully laden with learning, to the extent permitted by human nature.” During their time together in Athens, Basil the Great and Gregory the Theologian (Nazianzus) formed a close friendship that lasted throughout their respective lives.

  • In reality, they considered themselves to be one soul inhabiting two bodies.
  • In front of us were two paths: one leading to our sacred temples and the teachers who reside therein, and another leading to preceptors of disciplines beyond.
  • But, after turning down offers from Caesarea’s citizens who wanted to entrust him with the education of their children, Saint Basil decided to follow the path of asceticism and became a hermit.
  • Upon being baptized by Dianios, the Bishop of Caesarea, Basil was given the honor of being tonsured as a Reader (On the Holy Spirit, 29).
  • Later on, “wishing to acquire a guide to the knowledge of truth”, the saint undertook a journey into Egypt, Syria and Palestine, to meet the great Christian ascetics dwelling there.
  • He distributed his wealth to the needy, then settled on the opposite side of the river not far from his mother Emilia and sister Macrina, gathering around him monks living a cenobitic life.
  • Saints Basil and Gregory labored in strict abstinence in their dwelling place, which had no roof or fireplace, and the food was very humble.
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Their hands were constantly calloused from the hard work.

He wore a hairshirt, but only at night, so that it would not be obvious.

They were guided by the writings of the Fathers and commentators of the past, especially the good writings of Origen.

Also at this time, at the request of the monks, Saint Basil wrote down a collection of rules for virtuous life.

Monasteries were organized for men and for women, in which places Basil sought to combine the cenobitic (koine bios, or common) lifestyle with that of the solitary hermit.

Saint Basil returned to Caesarea.

In 364 he was ordained to the holy priesthood by Bishop Eusebius of Caesarea.

To avoid causing Church discord, Basil withdrew to his own monastery and concerned himself with the organization of monasteries.

Saint Basil hastily returned to Caesarea at the request of Bishop Eusebius.

He preached daily, and often twice, in the morning and in the evening.

He wrote a work “On the Six Days of Creation” (Hexaemeron) and another on the Prophet Isaiah in sixteen chapters, yet another on the Psalms, and also a second compilation of monastic rules.

Saint Gregory the Theologian, speaking about the activity of Basil the Great during this period, points to “the caring for the destitute and the taking in of strangers, the supervision of virgins, written and unwritten monastic rules for monks, the arrangement of prayers, the felicitous arrangement of altars and other things.” Upon the death of Eusebius, the Bishop of Caesarea, Saint Basil was chosen to succed him in the year 370.

  1. As Bishop of Caesarea, Saint Basil the Great was the newest of fifty bishops in eleven provinces.
  2. Under Valens, the external government belonged to the Arians, who held various opinions regarding the divinity of the Son of God, and were divided into several factions.
  3. In his books Against Eunomios, Saint Basil the Great taught the divinity of the Holy Spirit and His equality with the Father and the Son.
  4. Saint Basil’s difficulties were made worse by various circumstances: Cappadocia was divided in two under the rearrangement of provincial districts.
  5. There was the negative and haughty attitude of Western bishops to the attempts to draw them into the struggle with the Arians.
  6. Basil had been connected to him by ties of close friendship.
  7. The holy bishop wrote numerous letters to the churches, to bishops, to clergy and to individuals.

He has been compared to a bee, stinging the Church’s enemies, yet nourishing his flock with the sweet honey of his teaching.

He sent the prefect Modestus to Saint Basil.

Saint Basil said, “If you take away my possessions, you will not enrich yourself, nor will you make me a pauper.

Exile means nothing to me, since I am bound to no particular place.

Better to say: every place is God’s.


I am so weak, that the very first blow would render me insensible.

“No one has ever spoken so audaciously to me,” he remarked.

In all else we are gentle, the most modest of all.

After that, we are filled with excitement rather than dread as a result of fire, sword, wild animals, and iron rods that rip the flesh.” “Emperor, we have been vanquished by a leader of the Church,” Modestus reported to Valens after learning that Saint Basil would not be frightened.

“ Valens entered the church on the day of Theophany, among an obscenely large crowd of people, in order to give the illusion of being in harmony with the Church, and blended in with the throng.

A sea of people surrounded him, and there was magnificence in the altar and all around him; in front of them all stood Basil, who made no indication that anything else was going on in the cathedral by gesture or glance.” God and the altar table, as well as the clergy that served at them, were the only things on everyone’s mind.

  • He was particularly concerned with the rigorous fulfillment of the Canons of the Church, and he took great care to ensure that only deserving persons were admitted to the priesthood.
  • A cathedral dedicated to the Forty Martyrs (March 9) whose relics were interred there was erected by Saint Basil in Caesarea, where he established two monasteries, one for men and one for women.
  • Saint Basil was granted an exemption from taxation because of his clerical position.
  • After being sick since childhood, the toil of teaching, his life-long abstinence, as well as the worries and sorrows of pastoral duty took their toll on him.
  • Saint Gregory the Theologian was blessed by the saint shortly before his death, allowing him to take the See of Constantinople.

During his eulogy for Saint Basil the Great on November 23, Bishop Amphilochius of Iconium said, “It is neither by chance nor for no reason that holy Basil has taken leave from the body and had repose from the world unto God on the day of the Circumcision of Jesus, which is celebrated between the days of Christ’s Nativity and his Baptism.

As a result, let it be decreed that this day be observed yearly to commemorate the memory of Basil the Great in a joyful and somber manner.” As well as “the revealer of heavenly mysteries” (Ouranophantor), a “famous and dazzling star,” as well as “the splendor and beauty of the Church,” Saint Basil is known by many other titles.

In various parts of the world, it is usual to perform special carols in honor of Saint Basil on this day.

Everyone pays their respects to the houses of friends and relatives, and each household’s mistress bestows a modest present on each kid.

Following the Liturgy, a special bread (Vasilopita) is blessed and distributed to the congregation. A silver coin is baked inside the bread, and whomever receives a piece of the bread that contains the coin is considered to have received the blessing of Saint Basil for the next year.

Who Is Saint Basil? — St. Basil the Great Greek Orthodox Church

Saint Basil’s life and ministry should be especially inspiring to those of us who live and work in the Silicon Valley region. He is the patron saint of our church. Why? Because he would have been a perfect match for the kind of imaginative, innovative, and entrepreneurial problem-solving that individuals in the technology business are so well known for. He was not only the Archbishop of Caesarea, but he was also a monk and an abbot, in addition to his other roles. His monks, on the other hand, were required to live and serve in the city, among the people, in order to spread the Gospel message of being witnesses and creating disciples of Jesus Christ.

  1. Among all other saints, he stands out as one of Christendom’s most important witnesses to the method in which an entire community is taught the road to salvation by a creative and practical participation with the Holy Spirit in a lovingembodiment of the Lord Jesus Christ.
  2. He was born in the year 330 at Caesarea, which served as the capital of the Turkish province of Cappadocia.
  3. Saint Basil spent his early years on a magnificent estate that belonged to his parents, where he was educated and enlightened by his mother Emilia and grandmother Macrina, as well as by his father Basil (who also later became saints).
  4. Later, however, Basil was sent to a school in Constantinople, where he studied under the tutelage of some of the city’s most illustrious orators and thinkers.
  5. After only a few years at Athens, Basil had mastered all of the subjects he had been studying.
  6. His intense desire to unlock the mysteries of God’s creation fueled him to become what would now be referred to as a “renaissance man,” a person who embodied the spirit of the Renaissance.
  7. He was likewise moved by the zeal of their religious convictions and decided to live as an austere lifestyle.

At the age of 32, he was ordained a deacon, and at the age of 38, he was ordained to the priesthood, where he continues to preach everyday.

Suddenly, Basil found himself embroiled in a series of intense battles against a heretical faction known as the Arians.

During public arguments, Saint Basil, on the other hand, frequently defeated them, and he released papers that refuted their heretical doctrines.

While he was bishop, a devastating famine descended over Cappadocia and its neighboring territories, which he oversaw.

Our dear Saint Basil was filled with compassion for others and was always looking for new and innovative methods to share Christ’s love with them.

A group of monks who were particularly competent in different skills and vocations were recruited by him to work at the monastery.

In honor of the gracious economy of God’s Kingdom, this new charity institution was named ” theBasilas ” (the Kingdom), which means “the Kingdom.” Additionally, the name “Basilios” sounded like the name of the company’s creative creator, Basil.

Saint Basil’s visionary new town also contained innovative institutions to deal with the challenges of his day, such as a hospital, a leper clinic, residences for travelers and the poor, and small commercial facilities or manufacturing workshops for The destitute were put to work and even trained by competent monks in various industries in this new Basilias, which was built with the Church’s liturgical and sacramental life at its core.

This enabled the impoverished to become self-sufficient.

All of these ministries were created out of the practical experience and holy imagination of Saint Basil and his flock, with the goal of extending love to those who were dealing with the most pressing issues of the day.

In today’s economic estimates, this appears to be a financial disaster, but with the assistance of the Holy Spirit and Saint Basil’s use of his own and numerous other people’s practical skillsets, there were astounding repercussions.

Basil’s newBasilasproject was so successful that it soon surpassed Caesarea in importance and became known as the “New Caesarea.” The strategy used by Saint Basil (or, more accurately, God’s approach, of delivering physical compassion to suffering neighbors) resulted in the development of a self-sustaining, thriving economy for the people of his metropolitan area.

A healthy dose of Orthodox knowledge was added in to ensure that such a life would tangibly give out the fruit of God’s loving Kingdom into the lives of others in our immediate vicinity.

We were never supposed to stoically sing hymns about the saints as if they no longer had anything to teach us in terms of personal development or salvation.

When we sing about “the sound of Saint Basil’s voice traveling throughout the lands with teachings that divinely explain the nature of beings.and.that provide a rule of life for man,” we must remember that we are expected to do the same thing he did (because he was simply following Christ’s command).

What else might be the reason we’re here?

Consequently, we cease to be Christians.

Basil the Great – OrthodoxWiki

See Basil (disambiguation) for more possible meanings. Icon of Saint Basil at Skete.com Basil the Great (ca. 330 – January 1, 379), was the bishop of Caesarea and a notable churchman in the 4th century, who was particularly well-known for his humanitarian efforts. He is recognized as “our father among the saints.” Pope John Paul II is revered by the Catholic Church as a saint and one of the Three Holy Hierarchs, together with Saints Gregory the Theologian (Gregorian Nazianzus) and John Chrysostom.

  • As well as being considered a saint by the Roman Catholic Church, he is also known as a Doctor of the Church.
  • Every January 1, according to Greek tradition, he is meant to pay a visit to youngsters and give them gifts.
  • Vasilópita), which is a tasty loaf of bread that has a coin buried inside.
  • Basil’s Cathedral on Red Square in Moscow is called.
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Basil was born about the year 330 at the city of Caesarea, in the region of Cappadocia. He was born into a wealthy and pious family that produced a number of saints, including his mother SaintEmily (also known as Emilia or Emmelia), grandmother SaintMacrina the Elder, sister SaintMacrina the Younger, and brothers SaintsGregory of Nyssa and Peter of Sebaste. He was the son of SaintEmily (also known as Emilia or Emmelia), grandmother SaintMacrina the Elder, sister SaintMacrina Furthermore, it is popularly believed that SaintTheosebiawas his younger sister, who is also revered as a saint in the Catholic Church.

Thrilled by the opportunity to learn, he traveled to Constantinople and spent four or five years there, as well as at Athens, where he shared a classroom with the future emperorJulian and became friends with Gregory the Theologian.

It was in Athens that he began to seriously consider religion, and he resolved to seek out the most famous hermit saints in Syria and Arabia in order to learn from them how to attain enthusiastic piety and how to keep his body under submission through asceticism.

The next year, we find him at the helm of a monastery at Arnesi in Pontus, where his mother Emily, now a widow, his sister Macrina, and many other ladies had dedicated themselves to a holy life of prayer and charity deeds.

In 365, he was elevated to the position of presbyter of the Church in Caesarea, most likely as a result of the pleadings of his ecclesiastical superiors, who wished to employ his abilities against the Arians, who were numerous in that region of the country and were favored by the Arian emperor, Valens, who reigned at the time in Constantinople.

  • It was at this point that his incredible abilities were brought into play.
  • Basil was a compassionate and caring person despite being hot-blooded and a little dictatorial.
  • For the sake of peace and compassion, he was ready to forgo the use of orthodox terminology wherever it could be done without sacrificing truth.
  • “Perhaps you have never dealt with a true bishop before,” he responded to an imperial prefect who was taken aback by Saint Basil’s audacity.
  • The issues had been exacerbated by the inclusion of the subject of the nature of the Holy Spirit in the discussion.
  • His contacts with Eustathius were also maintained despite the fact that they held different religious beliefs, which raised suspicion.
  • The conclusion of the unhappily factionalized period, as well as the total success of his continuous efforts on behalf of Rome and the East, were not witnessed by him during his lifetime.
  • Saint Basil had dedicated all of his own wealth as well as the income from his church to the welfare of the poor, and he had poorhouses erected in every town and village across his diocese.

The Basiliad, a huge establishment he erected before the gates of Caesarea that served as a mix of poorhouse, hospital, and shelter for the homeless, served as a lasting testament to his episcopal concern for the poor.


His two most important theological writings are his Treatise on the Holy Spirit (Lat.De Spiritu Sancto), which makes a clear and edifying case for the divinity of the Holy Spirit by appealing to Scripture and early Christian tradition, and hisRefutation of the Apology of the Impious Eunomius, which was composed in three books against Eunomius of Cyzicus, the chief exponent of Anomoian Arianism, written in 363 or 364.

  • While the first three books of the Refutation are his work, the fourth and fifth books, which are generally included, do not belong to Basil, nor to Apollinaris of Laodicea, but rather to Didymus the Blind, who is said to have written them.
  • Hexameron) and an exegesis of the Psalter, have survived, as has his reputation as a preacher.
  • It is possible to see his austere tendencies manifested in theMoraliaandRegulae, which serve as ethical guidelines for use both outside and inside of the monastery.
  • The practical components of his theoretical theology are exemplified in his ethical manuals and moral sermons, which are published after his death.
  • Later theologiansexplicitly explain that this is an example of how the saints come to represent the one common essence of the three members of the Trinity, as explained by the apostle Paul.
  • He maintained an optimistic, compassionate, and even humorous attitude despite the difficulties of ill-health and religious upheaval during his lifetime.
  • Most of the liturgies that take the name of Basil, in their current form, are not largely his creation, but they do so in order to maintain the memory of Basil’s efforts in this field, which included organizing liturgical prayers and fostering church music.
  • He is also credited with the creation of The Divine Liturgy of Saint Basil the Great.

All of his writings, as well as a few that have been falsely assigned to him, may be found in thePatrologia Graeca, which contains Latin translations of variable quality that are available online. There is currently no critical edition available.


Concerning Almsgiving and Providing Assistance to the Poor As the saying goes, “It is proper for those who have sound judgment to recognize that they have received wealth as a stewardship, and not for their own enjoyment; thus, when they are parted from it, they rejoice as those who relinquish something that is not truly theirs, rather than becoming downcast as those who are stripped of their own.” “How are you going to respond to the Judge?” says the Rich.

You lavishly decorate your walls, but you do not provide clothing for your fellow human being; you lavishly decorate your horses, but you turn a blind eye to the shameful plight of your brother or sister; you allow grain to rot in your barns, but do not provide food for those who are hungry; you bury gold in the ground, but do not assist the oppressed!” “Consider yourself, who you are, what resources have been entrusted to you, from whom you have gotten them, and why you have received more than others.” (Addressed to the Rich) You have been elevated to the position of minister of God’s kindness and steward of your fellow slaves.

Make a decision to handle the things in your possession as though they belonged to someone else.” “Open all of your treasury’s doors, allowing abundant channels for your riches to flow through them.” (To the Rich) In the same way that a powerful river is divided into several streams in order to irrigate the fertile land, so too are people who offer their money to be divided up and dispersed to others who are impoverished.

  • The accumulation of wealth is of no use to anybody, but when it is put to use and exchanged, it becomes fruitful and helpful to the general public.” “But who am I treating unfairly,’ you ask, “by preserving what is mine?” “But who am I treating unjustly?” What is yours, please tell me?
  • What was the source of your acquisition?
  • They grab common commodities before others have the opportunity to do so, and then claim ownership of those things under the doctrine of preemption.
  • Did you not emerge from your mother’s womb nude, and will you not return to the earth naked as well?
  • If you claim that you came into possession of these items by coincidence, you are denying God because you do not acknowledge your Creator and do not express gratitude to the One who provided you with these items.
  • Is God unfair if He distributes the things that we require for survival in different amounts to each of us?

“Otherwise, how could you possibly reap the benefits of your charity and diligent stewardship, while the poor are rewarded for their patience and perseverance in their struggles?” In the words of I Will Demolish My Barns, “At this very now, what is keeping you from giving?” Isn’t it true that the needy are close at hand?

Isn’t it true that your heavenly prize is awaiting you?

Those who are hungry are starving to death, those who are naked are freezing to death, and those who are in debt are unable to breathe.

… Make your brothers and sisters sharers of your possessions; give to the poor today what will rot away tomorrow.” (I intend to demolish my barns.) “It is for the hungry that you withhold bread; it is for the naked that you withhold clothing; it is for those who have none that you withhold shoes; and it is for the poor that you withhold money from the vaults.” “To all of these, you may be able to assist and do not—to all of them, you are doing incorrectly.” (I intend to demolish my barns.) “Do you have a low income?

You know someone who is even impoverished than you are.

As a decent and kind person, you should transfer your excess to those who are less fortunate.

Likewise, if you have only one loaf of bread left and someone comes knocking on your door, take the loaf out of your store, hold it heavenward, and say this prayer, which is not only generous on your part, but also invokes the Lord’s pity: ‘Lord, you see this one loaf, and you know that the threat of starvation is imminent, but I place your commandment before my own well-being, and from what little I have I give to this famished Give your servant to me in exchange for this, for I am also in danger of starving to death.

I am confident in your goodness, and I am encouraged by your strength.


You have sent forth a statement to the entire world, which was divinely instructed by hearing your voice. Troparion(Tone 1) Making a case for the nature of things, and elevating the manners of mankind. Holy father of the royal priesthood, enter into the presence of Christ God so that our souls may be rescued. As the unshakeable basis of the Church, O Venerable and Heavenly Father Basil, you have been revealed, bestowing upon all men a dominion that can never be taken away and sealing it with your commandments.


  • The Lives of the Three Great Hierarchs: Basil the Great, Gregory the Theologian, and John Chrysostom (Holy Apostles Convent Pubns, 2001) (ISBN 0944359116)
  • On Social Justice: St. Basil the Great (Popular Patristics), edited by C. Paul Schroeder
  • On Social Justice: St. Basil the

See also

  • It is included in the Early Church Fathers (Series II) Vol. VIII of the Christian Classics Ethereal Library, and it comprises a treatment on the Holy Spirit and the Hexaemeron, as well as various homilies and correspondence. Quotes from the Orthodox Church Quotes website, attributed to St. Basil the Great
  • In The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge (Vol. I, edited by Philip Schaff), Basil the Great is credited as the patron saint of Constantinople. The Holy Fathers’ Legacy is comprised of the following: Russian-language editions of his homilies (as well as some other writings, but only a handful of his correspondence) are also available
  • Basil the Great, Archbishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia(GOARCH)
  • St. Basil the Great, Archbishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia: Hymns(OCA)
  • Basil the Great, Archbishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia(GOARCH)
  • St. Basil the Great, Archbishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia(GOARCH)
  • Icon and Story of St. Basil the Great
  • St. Basil the Great, Archbishop of


This page incorporates text from the Wikipedia article Basil of Caesarea.

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