What Is A Saint Bernard

Saint Bernard Dog Breed Information, Pictures, Characteristics & Facts

It was in Switzerland that the Saint Bernard and numerous other dog breeds had their start, among them the Bernese Mountain Dog, the Entlebuch Cattle Dog, the Appenzell Cattle Dog and the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog. They were most likely developed as a result of a mix between dogs native to the Alps and Mastiff-type canines that were brought with the Roman army during the reign of the emperor Augustus. During the first millennium CE, dogs in Switzerland and the Alps were collectively known as “Talhund” (Valley Dog) or “Bauernhund” (Alpine Dog) (Farm Dog).

It is only accessible during these months.

In 962 AD, Archdeacon Bernard de Menthon came at this pass, which would later be named after him, and established a hospice to provide assistance to travelers who were exhausted by the difficulty of traversing this perilous route.

However, a painting portraying well-built shorthaired dogs that closely resembled Saint Bernards as they are now was drawn in 1695, and it is uncertain when the dogs were originally employed by the Hospice.

  1. The hospice monks most likely used the dogs to patrol the grounds at the beginning of their tenure.
  2. The monastery’s seclusion is said to have aided in the development of the dogs into a breed that was able to resist harsh winters and possessed the physical qualities required for search and rescue activities.
  3. In 1830, the monks sought to enhance the coats of their dogs by crossing them with the thick-coated Newfoundland dog.
  4. That was a blunder on my part.
  5. Following that, the monks either gave away or sold any longhaired puppies that they had produced in their flock.
  6. The hospice dogs did not have an official name until the 1800s, despite the fact that they were widely recognized.
  7. He died in 1810.

It was the English who coined the term “Sacred Dogs,” and they imported a large number of them into the country in an effort to revitalize their own Mastiff breed.

As early as 1833, a man named Daniel Wilson proposed that the breed be referred to as the Saint Bernard Dog, and it was subsequently adopted as the breed’s official name in 1880 when the Swiss Kennel Club officially recognized the breed.

As a result of crossbreeding, the Saint Bernards in other nations have become leaner and taller as a result of their genetic makeup.

In 1883, a Saint Bernard by the name of Plinlimmon gained widespread recognition in the United States.

His owner took him on a tour of the country, displaying him in movie theaters.

According to the American Kennel Club, Saints are ranked 39th out of 155 breeds and types that have been recorded.

It is possible to visit the St. Bernard Hospice in Switzerland and still see Saint Bernards. They no longer actively search out travelers in need, but rather serve as living reminders of the hospice movement’s rich heritage.

Saint Bernard Dog Breed Information

Consider the following factors when deciding whether to purchase your dog from a breeder or from a shelter or rescue organization. Breeders:

Choosing a Saint Bernard Breeder

Finding a reputable breeder is an excellent method of locating the ideal dog. A competent breeder will match you with the appropriate puppy and will, without a doubt, have completed all of the essential health certificates in order to filter out health concerns to the greatest extent feasible. She is more concerned with placing puppies in appropriate homes than she is with generating a lot of money. Your inquiries regarding temperament, health clearances, and how the dogs are to live with will be warmly welcomed by a good breeder, who will then come back to you with questions of their own about what you’re looking for in a dog and what type of life you can provide him.

  • You can find a good breeder on the Saint Bernard Club of America’s website.
  • Choose a breeder that is willing to serve as a resource for you throughout the life of your dog.
  • If your puppy’s parents have hip and elbow dysplasia, heart illness, or eye issues, all breeders should be able to provide written proof from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animal (OFA) and the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) confirming this.
  • In an ideal world, they will have get OFA thyroid health certification as well.
  • Despite the fact that the majority of Saints have decent temperaments, due of their large size, a breeder who has American Temperament Test Society (TT) certification on her dogs should be chosen over one who does not have certification.
  • Keep in mind that purchasing a puppy from an online store that promises to transport your dog right away can be a dangerous endeavor since it leaves you with little recourse if the puppy you receive is not exactly what you expected.
  • You will save money in the long term as a result.
  • Some warning signs include having pups accessible all of the time, having many litters on the grounds, being able to choose any dog, and the option to pay with a credit card via the internet.
  • Whether you intend to purchase your new best friend from a breeder, a pet store, or any other source, keep in mind the ancient saying “let the buyer beware” when making your decision.

There is no foolproof way to ensure that you will never purchase a sick puppy, but doing your research on the breed (so you know what to expect), inspecting the facility (to identify unhealthy conditions or sick animals), and asking the right questions can reduce the likelihood of ending up in a disastrous situation.

  1. Prices for Saint Bernard puppies vary based on where the breeder is located, whether the pup is male or female, what titles his parents have earned, and if the puppy is best suited for the show arena or a pet home.
  2. In order to provide puppies with a healthy and confident start in life, they should be temperament tested, vetted, dewormed, and socialized early on.
  3. When it comes to puppies, they are a lot of fun, but they demand a lot of time and effort before they can mature into the dog of your dreams.
  4. Adults are preferable since they are more predictable in terms of behavior and health, and they may be obtained from breeders or animal shelters.

If you are interested in obtaining an older dog from a breeder, inquire as to whether they have any retired show dogs available for purchase or if they know of any adult dogs in need of a new home. If you wish to adopt a dog, you should read the information provided below on how to go about it.

Adopting a Dog From a Saint Bernard Rescue or Shelter

In the event that you decide to adopt a dog from an animal shelter or breed rescue group, you have a plethora of excellent alternatives. Here’s everything you need to know to get started. 1. Make use of online resources such as Petfinder.com. a website like andAdopt-a-Pet.com may have you looking for a Saint Bernard in your neighborhood in no time at all. You have the option of being extremely precise in your demands (for example, the state of your housetraining) or very broad (for example, the status of your housetraining) (all the Saint Bernard available on Petfinder across the country).

  • In addition, some local newspapers feature “pets searching for homes” sections that you may check through as well.
  • Share your search for a certain breed on your Facebook page so that your entire community may serve as your eyes and ears.
  • Consult with Local Professionals Begin by discussing your wish for a Saint Bernard with as many pet professionals as you can find in your region.
  • When someone is faced with the difficult option of giving up a dog, she will frequently turn to her own trusted network for suggestions.
  • Speak with a Breed Rescue organization.
  • It is for this reason that breed associations create rescue groups dedicated to the welfare of abandoned dogs.
  • You may also look for additional Saint Bernard rescues in your region by searching online.

Additionally, they frequently provide fostering opportunities, so you may potentially bring a Saint Bernard into your house for a trial period to see how you like it.

The Most Important Questions to Ask After reading this article, you should be aware of the topics to address with a breeder; however, there are also certain questions you should ask employees or volunteers at a shelter or rescue group before adopting a puppy.

How does he behave when he is with other animals?

What can you tell me about his personality?

Is he accustomed to living in his own home?

Are there any health problems that have been identified?

An Adopters Bill of Rights is available from Petfinder, which will assist you in understanding what might be considered normal and proper behavior when adopting a dog from a shelter.

Take your Saint Bernard to the veterinarian as soon as possible after you adopt him or her, whether he or she is a puppy or an adult.

When concerns are detected, your veterinarian will work with you to develop a preventative program that will help you avoid a variety of health problems in the long run.

Saint Bernard Dog Breed – Facts and Traits

Saint Bernards are extremely huge, strong, and muscular dogs with a lot of muscle. The height and weight of a male Saint Bernard can vary between 28 and 30 inches, and he can weigh between 140 and 180 pounds on average (63 to 81 kilograms). When it comes to women’s height and weight, they might be anywhere from 26 to 28 inches, or between 120 and 140 pounds (54 to 63 kilograms). Dogs with long or short hair can be used in this experiment. Red and white, brown and white, and brindle and white are some of the coat colors available.

The ears are positioned high on the skull and are floppy in appearance.

The forehead has a few wrinkles on it.

Because the dogs are so enormous, they take significantly longer to reach full maturity than many other breeds.

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Saint Bernards are gentle, affectionate dogs. They are likely to overcome a stranger’s first trepidation of approaching such a huge dog because of their inherent friendliness. Saint Bernards, on the other hand, are as ready to protect members of their own family when they fear are in danger. Saints can be especially beneficial to families with well-behaved children because of their friendliness, gentleness, and tolerance for them. Saints are known for being especially sympathetic and patient with children, and they take care not to damage them.

Living With:

The Saint Bernard is a highly gregarious creature. Nothing makes him happier than being a part of the household activities. This dog, on the other hand, is likely to pout if he believes that he is being left out of the festivities. Because the adult Saint is so enormous, proper training is essential, and the earlier it is started, the better. On rare occasions, the breed has been known to be recalcitrant. However, if a Saint realizes what is required of him, his natural desire to please others will usually outweigh any stubbornness on the part of the Saint.

Regular brushing will aid in reducing the amount of shedding.

A dog’s hips and elbows may become more strained as a result of carrying an excessive amount of weight.

Saint Bernards, like other very large breeds, have very short lifetimes, as do other large breeds in general. The average life expectancy is between 8 and 10 years.


Saint Bernards are large, strong canines with profound origins in myth and mythology. They are also known as “giant dogs.” Although the dog is usually assumed to have originated at a monastery-hospice in the Swiss Alps in the 11th century, the dog’s first documented appearance at the monastery, or anyplace else, came almost 600 years later, according to historical records. Experts think that the earliest monastery dogs were bred to serve as watchdogs for the monasteries. Their life-saving powers, on the other hand, were discovered rather quickly.

Saints of today are remembered not just for their historical feats, but also for their love and dedication to their human companions, particularly children.

Saint Bernard

Saint Bernard is a saint who was born in France.

  • The dog is easy to train and groom, but it is prone to health problems. It has a low prey drive and has a great potential for weight growth. It is cold weather tolerant, making it an excellent choice for first-time pet owners. It has strong loyalty tendencies and makes an excellent hiking companion.

In my mind’s eye, a Saint Bernard conjures up images of a joyful day spent playing in the snow, followed by a warm night spent cuddled up by the fire with a good book and hot chocolate, and her with a crunchy bone. Your safety is ensured by a Saint’s gentle, caring, and calm demeanor combined with her enormous size, which is precisely what these former search and rescue animals want you to be. Saint Bernards are wonderful family companions because they are alert yet gentle with youngsters, and they are eager to join in whatever is going on at home—some even sulk a little if they feel left out!

Karen Shaw Becker, DVM, is the author of Real Food for Healthy Pets and the co-founder of Dr.

She thinks that in order to enhance the health of their animals, animal guardians must make educated judgments about their animals’ care.


The Saint Bernard is one of the world’s largest dogs, not only in terms of height (about 30 inches or more at the shoulder), but also in terms of weight, making it one of the world’s largest canines. Male dogs may easily weigh between 140 and 180 pounds, while female puppies weigh between 120 and 140 pounds. Perhaps they exclude one of the paws from the scale. Saint Bernard is seen standing on a snow-covered path. All Saint Bernards are equipped with a double coat that keeps them warm during the winter months.

  1. |
  2. This woman has a keen sense of smell.
  3. Her eyes are deep-set and a lovely brown color with a hint of green.
  4. When they are young, the white on their tail tips and down their stomachs, forepaws, and chest goes all the way to their muzzles, and it typically continues in a long line between their eyes and the top of their heads.
  5. Few things can compare to the strength of a Saint Bernard’s physique, which is a solid block of muscle from her head to her fluffed tail.

Her back and legs are both of similar size and proportion. All Saints have double coats to keep them warm and protected from the weather, but some have short hair and some have long hair to distinguish them from one another.


No matter where you are, that is precisely where a Saint wishes to be. She’s a faithful family dog who’s too haughty to attach to anybody and too well-mannered to bark excessively at the same time. Simply said, a Saint is happiest when she is surrounded by her fellow people, particularly youngsters. She has a limitless amount of patience for children who treat her with respect. saint bernard is staring upward The clever eyes of the Saint Bernard may be seen peering out from behind her brown, black, or red masks.

  • |
  • Saint Bernards, like many large dogs, have a lengthy adolescence—usually lasting until they are two years old, according to the Saint Bernard Club of America (SBCA).
  • Even when left alone, most Saints aren’t particularly destructive, especially if they’ve had adequate training.
  • According to the SBCA, this is the time of year when they will display a bit willful cheek by barking more frequently, chewing on items, and engaging in other behaviors that you do not want.
  • If a Saint is feeling overwhelmed, she may seek safety beneath the dining table or behind a chair, but having a lair of her own is a preferable alternative.
  • You can rely on a Saint to remain a watchful lookout at all times.
  • You should pay attention if you hear her barking in the middle of the night.
  • “Saint Bernards, both short-haired and long-haired, adapt well to most surroundings because of their adaptable, easy-going nature, as long as they are provided with a cool spot to relax on a regular basis.” Photo credit: Purple Collar Pet Photography / Getty Images.

Living Needs

The disposition of a Saint Bernard may be neighborly enough for apartment life because she is pleasant and not prone to woofing without a reason, but it is also similar to putting a loaf of bread into a teacup. She need plenty of space to extend, expand, and roam about. Saints don’t require as much exercise as other working dog breeds, but they do require deliberate daily activity to maintain their health and well-being. A leisurely stroll in the backyard or down a pleasant woodland path once or twice a day provides them with mental and physical satisfaction.

  1. In a park, a Saint Bernard puppy is sitting.
  2. Bernard pups will benefit from puppy kindergarten sessions in which they will learn how to be Very Good Doggos.|
  3. Given their natural ability to pull, attaching them to a cart full of children for an unplanned hayride is a lot of fun for everyone!
  4. This also ensures that she is safe and doesn’t have to be restrained when the family is outdoors enjoying themselves.
  5. With a rescue, it is possible that extra caution may be required.
  6. Any goods you place on the kitchen counter may be gone in a heartbeat, and her swaying tail may remove stuff from a coffee table as she walks by.
  7. Clarence the comfort dog is being petted by a gentleman in the United States Capitol.

When Clarence, a Saint Bernard who works for the Greenfield Police Department in Massachusetts, was named the first official police comfort dog in the United States in 2013, he made history.| Credit: Kent Nishimura / Getty


The drool on those soft, sagging Saint cheeks is pouring out of them like a waterfall. However, while she need the additional saliva for digestion, most owners do not want it on their clothes, the floor, or on the sofa. They develop the practice of cleaning their Saints’ muzzles after every food and drink slurp, in exchange for which they receive semi-dry smooch in exchange. Shed patrol is another component of providing constant Saint Bernard care. It doesn’t matter if she has long or short hair: she is beautiful.

Brushing your hair once a week is essential for removing stray hair, grime, and knots.

If your Saint tracks in whatever they frolic in, give them a spa day once a month or so that includes a wash, nail trim, paw check, and ear cleaning depending on how much activity they get involved in.

poster for a beethoven film Saints have been appearing on the silver screen for many years.


Becker thinks that the most significant variables in influencing the health, vigor, and life span of a Saint Bernard are physiologically suitable diet and the Saint Bernard’s immediate habitat. “Saint Bernard owners must keep track of their dog’s weight during his or her whole life. “These gentle giants have a tendency to put on weight quickly, which just adds to the load of their gigantic frames,” she explains. “Staying slender and strong throughout their lives is the best safeguard against age-related frailty later in life.” Owners of Saint Bernards should also be mindful of the signs of bloat, which include abdominal enlargement and discomfort, excessive salivation, restlessness and pacing, and retching, according to the veterinarian.

  • with his tongue hanging out, saint bernard Despite the fact that Saint Bernards do not require much activity, a leisurely stroll or a short excursion would keep her content.
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  • “Please do not purchase a puppy until you have personally reviewed copies of the dog’s mother and father’s test results,” Becker advises.
  • Saints who are younger than one year of age can also be affected by hereditary osteochondrosis, which is cartilage that has been damaged.
  • According to the SBCA, she is at great risk of heatstroke despite wearing an insulated double coat to keep cool.
  • Your Saint should be able to make the most of her 8–10 year lifespan provided you provide her with a great deal of focused care and attention.
  • Rollo was once described as “a children’s dog,” and he “protected the president’s children as efficiently as the Secret Service personnel who usually hovered about,” according to one publication.

Teddy Roosevelt and his Saint Bernard Rollo are seen outside the White House having a good time together. Featured image courtesy of the National Park Service


According to the SBCA, the Molosser battle dogs of the Roman empire, which were mixed with other canines native to the Alps, were possibly the forebears of the Saint Bernard dog breed. In 1050, an Italian archdeacon by the name of Bernard of Menthon established a monastery and hospice to provide assistance to pilgrims traversing the perilous Alpine mountains that separated Italy from Switzerland. Pilgrims on their way to Rome traversed mountains with peaks as high as 8,000 feet in elevation and were frequently in danger.

  • a vintage photograph of a little child with St.
  • They have been rescuing tourists in the Alpine routes that connect Italy and Switzerland for generations.
  • Image courtesy of the Hulton Archive / Getty Images Prior to being given the name Saint Bernard in 1880, these heroic rescues were known by a variety of names, including Sacred Dogs, Monastery Dogs, Alpine Mastiffs, and Alpendogs, among others.
  • Barry der Menschenretter, who was born in 1800, is the most well-known Saint Bernard in the history of life-saving dogs.
  • His fur was used to create a statue that is currently on exhibit at the Natural History Museum of Berne in Switzerland, after he passed away.
  • When he passed away, he was accorded full military honors.
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Fun Facts

  • Sir Edwin Henry Landseer, a renowned British artist who specialized in canine subjects, admired the Saint Bernard when he was a teenager, as seen in his 1820 paintingAlpine Mastiffs Reanimating a Distressed Traveler. A barrel is wrapped over the neck of one of the dogs. Despite the fact that the legend of life-saving Saints with brandy-filled barrels around their necks has endured, and Saints have been on the silver screen for decades, this was a fanciful touch by Landseer that was not based in truth. Beethoven in 1992 and Beethoven’s 2nd in 1993 are two of the most well-known of their productions. In the 2006 film The Devil Wears Prada, actress Anne Hathaway had a brief but glamorous cameo appearance as Saint Laurent. In the film The Call of the Wild, a computer-generated Saint Bernard-Scotch collie mix appeared alongside co-star Harrison Ford
  • Robert F. Kennedy, former United States Attorney General and brother of President John F. Kennedy, and his family owned a Saint Bernard, as did artist Pablo Picasso
  • And a Saint Bernard named Rollo lived in the White House with President Theodore Roosevelt. In the words of a journalist, Rollo was “a children’s dog,” and he “protected the president’s children as efficiently as the Secret Service personnel who hovered around.”

The Saint Bernard

Historically, the Saint Bernard is believed to be a descendent of the Roman Molossian dog and to be a member of the Molosser family. He was first employed by farmers to pull carts, defend property, and assist with household tasks. It was in 1670 when a couple of these dogs were entrusted to monks at the Saint Bernard Hospice in order to guard the establishment from robbers. It didn’t take long for the monks to understand that Saint Bernards were also excellent trackers in addition to their other abilities.

  1. During his lifespan, one especially well-known rescue dog, named Barry, is reported to have saved somewhere between 40 and 100 missing passengers.
  2. Alpine mastiffs have been referred to by a variety of names, including Alpendog and Sacred Dogs.
  3. In order to expand their breeding pool, the monks experimented with crosses between Newfoundlands and other breeds.
  4. Although it was first assumed that having long hair would be beneficial to a snow dog, it turned out to be a hindrance when their hair froze in the freezing temperatures of the Alps.

After being prominent in England throughout the 1800s, Saint Bernards gained popularity in the United States. In 1887, the first Saint Bernard club in America was established, and the dog’s popularity rose as a result. Taking a look around:

  • Weight: 130 to 180 lbs
  • Height: 25.5 to 27.5 inches
  • Weight: 130 to 180 lbs The coat can be either shorthair or longhair. White and red are the colors used. Life expectancy is between 7 and 10 years.

What is the Saint Bernard’s personality like? The Saint Bernard is known for having a laid-back and easygoing demeanor. That he comes from a loving and caring ancestry is what makes him such a wonderful therapy dog today. He is nice with children, but he is also huge enough to knock them down, so he must be supervised at all times. When they’re young, the Saint Bernard, and really all large dogs, need to be taught not to tug on leashes. If you don’t, you’ll probably find yourself being dragged all around the neighborhood as they grow up.

A Saint Bernard may bark at intruders, so it’s crucial to socialize them with new people and animals while they’re still pups to ensure that they grow up to be healthy and happy adults.

He’ll also need to be groomed on a regular basis.

For example:

  • Dislocations of the hips and elbows
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy
  • And other conditions.

Points to Remember:

  • Despite being a huge breed, the Saint Bernard has a reputation for being a protector. The Saint Bernard makes an excellent family dog.

In the event that you have any questions or concerns, you should always visit or phone your veterinarian; they are your greatest resource for ensuring the health and well-being of your dogs.

Saint Bernard: Complete Guide, Info, Pictures, Care & More!

Height: 25 – 27 inches
Weight: 120 – 200 pounds
Lifespan: 8 – 10 years
Colors: Brindle and white, red and white
Suitable for: Families with older children, singles experienced with dogs
Temperament: Laid back, affectionate, loyal, quiet

Saint Bernards are one of the biggest breeds of dog, and they appear to be larger than life. The dogs are descended from Asiatic Mastiffs, who were employed as war animals by the Romans, and they have earned a legendary reputation for saving lives on the Swiss-Italian border of the Alps, which separates the two countries. The dog was named after a monk who was responsible for the establishment of the Great Saint Bernard Hospice in 1050. The dogs, on the other hand, did not emerge in the area for some hundred years after that.

  • According to historians, Saint Bernards were trained as rescue dogs after the monks discovered that the canines were adept at discovering stranded passengers.
  • It was common for breeders to cross bigger dogs with early Saint Bernards in order to increase the size of the animal while also breeding out some of its working dog characteristics.
  • If they are properly trained as pups, they can coexist peacefully with their owners and other pets.
  • They’re incredible creatures, but they might be difficult to handle if you’re a first-time dog owner.

Saint Bernard Puppies – Before You Buy…

Shutterstock photo by Rita Kochmarjova; original source unknown.

What’s the Price of Saint Bernard Puppies?

Prices for Saint Bernards are comparable to those of other purebred canines in the same price range. Puppies from a certified breeder may be purchased for between $1,000 and $2,200. Saint Bernards are difficult to care for, especially for first-time pet owners, and they are frequently given up for adoption when an owner is unable to manage with the animal. A Saint Bernard may cost as much as $2,000 a year in grooming, food, vet appointments, and supplies when all of the expenses are added together.

In most cases, you’ll only pay $100 or more on the adoption, with immunizations and microchips included as standard.

Rescue facilities throughout the world are overflowing with animals, and every adoption helps save a life while also providing a canine with the opportunity to live in a loving household. Featured image courtesy of Katrina Brown, Shutterstock

3 Little-Known Facts About Saint Bernards

Weather conditions in the Alps were so severe that the Great Saint Bernard hospice’s rescue dog population was nearly wiped out. Dogs from adjacent settlements in the valley were used to breed with the remaining Saint Bernards a few years later, which resulted in a significant increase in the population.

2.Barry, the most famous Saint Bernard, saved 40 lives from 1800–1812.

The extreme weather in the Alps nearly wiped off the rescue dog population at the Great Saint Bernard hospice in Switzerland. Few years later, dogs from adjacent towns in the valley were utilized to breed with the remaining Saint Bernards, which resulted in the population beginning to grow again.

3.The myth that Saint Bernards carried flasks of rum with them is not valid.

The extreme weather in the Alps nearly wiped off the rescue dog population at the Great Saint Bernard hospice. Few years later, dogs from surrounding towns in the valley were used to breed with the remaining Saint Bernards, which resulted in the population beginning to recover.

TemperamentIntelligence of the Saint Bernard

At the Great Saint Bernard hospice in the Alps, the harsh weather conditions nearly wiped off the entire rescue dog population. The population began to recover a few years later when dogs from adjacent communities in the valley were used to breed with the remaining Saint Bernards.

Does This Breed Get Along with Other Pets?

Saint Bernards have the characteristics of a working dog, although they have a low prey drive. It is possible for them to get along with other animals if they are exposed to the pets at an early age. Early training is crucial for everyone who wants to keep a Saint Bernard, and you should socialize a puppy with as many other dogs and people as possible to get the dog used to the many situations. It is necessary to oversee the Saint Bernard’s playing with a new pet if the dog is still a puppy or kitten when the Saint Bernard is fully grown.

Image courtesy of árka Jonáová and Pixabay.

Things to Know When Owning a Saint Bernard:

The care and attention required by Saint Bernards is far greater than that required for other breeds. If you’re used to living in a spotless environment, the Saint Bernard may not be the best choice for your household. It is estimated that the dogs sweat more than other breeds and make more drool than the ordinary canine. In addition to wiping up saliva and stray hair, you may need to replace a few personal things from time to time, depending on your situation. Because of their great size, the dogs may easily knock over a vase or a sculpture, despite the fact that they are not considered clumsy.

FoodDiet Requirements

A Saint Bernard need a high-protein diet that is fortified with vitamins and minerals in order to grow and mature appropriately. An adult dog requires five to six cups of dog food per day, divided into two meals: the morning meal and the evening meal. Saint Bernards are prone to obesity, and you must exercise caution while feeding them to avoid overfeeding them. Any animal, including Saint Bernards, can suffer from obesity, but overweight Saint Bernards are particularly vulnerable to joint and hip problems.

It is difficult for their powerful legs to hold their usual weight, and any more pounds might raise the likelihood of accidents and severe medical disorders.


Saint Bernards require regular exercise to maintain their fitness, but you can get away with just one walk each day for them. They just require modest activity, but because of the hazards of obesity, they cannot be kept locked up in the house for an extended period of time. If the dog has not been taught to walk on a leash from a young age, it might be difficult to train him to do so. They are large and powerful creatures, and if they are not properly trained, they may pull you all over the neighborhood.


When it comes to training, Saint Bernards are not the simplest animals to work with, and you will need an endless amount of patience to see the process through to completion. Their average intellect makes it difficult for them to pick up tricks and orders fast, but they will ultimately pick up the skills with time. Saint Bernards, in contrast to other big breeds, are more sensitive to their owners’ emotions. Because they do not clamor to be the dominant dog of the home, screaming or beating the animal to remedy an issue should be avoided at all costs.

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When it comes to training a Saint Bernard, positive reinforcement is the most effective way.

To raise a well-behaved dog, enrolling a puppy in a puppy training program is essential, and you should reinforce the lessons with brief obedience sessions at your house.

Grooming ✂️

It takes a lot of patience to train a Saint Bernard, and you’ll need an endless amount of it to see the process through to the end. Their average intellect makes it difficult for them to pick up tricks and orders fast, but they will ultimately pick up the skills they need over time with practice. Saint Bernards are more sensitive to their owners’ emotions than other big breeds. Because they do not clamor to be the alpha dog of the home, screaming or beating the animal to remedy an issue is not recommended.

When it comes to training a Saint Bernard, positive reinforcement is the best technique.

To raise a well-behaved dog, enrolling a puppy in a puppy training program is essential, and you should reinforce the lessons with short obedience sessions at your house.

Health and Conditions

Saint Bernards are more prone to serious medical issues than other common breeds because of their huge stature and proclivity to overeat. However, if you offer your dog with exercise, a nutritious food, and lots of affection, he or she can live for up to ten years.

It appears that mature Saint Bernards have lost their desire to exercise, and you must urge them to play and stroll in order to maintain them healthy as they age. Conditions of Minor Importance

Conditions That Are Serious

  • Conditions that are extremely harmful.

Male vs Female

Saint Bernards, both male and female, are devoted and friendly companion animals. However, there are a few significant distinctions that may persuade owners to choose one sex over another. Males are more prone to run away than females, although neutering the animal will minimize the likelihood of the animal evading capture and escaping. Males are more damaging and difficult to toilet train when compared to their female counterparts. Females are more caring than guys, and when it comes to little infants, they may even act like mothers.

Saint Bernards are unable to cope with being separated from their family for an extended period of time, and they might become destructive if left alone for an extended period of time.

Final Thoughts

Taking care of a nice Saint Bernard is similar to having a giant zoo animal in your house, yet underneath the intimidating stature lies the heart of a real sweetie that loves you unconditionally. The dogs are considered to be extremely devoted and affectionate, and they have been known to pout when their carers had to correct them. Achieving success with the canines is not an easy undertaking. Compared to lesser breeds, their medical and feeding expenses are greater. Additionally, their coats demand frequent care.

Despite the fact that they have a lower life expectancy than other breeds, you will have many happy years with the affectionate giant.

Nicole is the fortunate owner of two cats: Baby, a Burmese cat, and Rosa, a New Zealand Huntaway dog.

In addition to having a great affection for all animals of all shapes and sizes (and a special fondness for healthy interspecies friendships), she wishes to share her animal expertise, as well as the information of other experts, with pet lovers all around the world.

Saint Bernards: What’s Good About ‘Em, What’s Bad About ‘Em

Temperament, personality, training, behavior, advantages and disadvantages, recommendations, and information about Saint Bernards Michele Welton is a dog trainer and behavioral consultant who has written 15 dog books. Saint Bernards that have been properly trained are calm, easygoing, and smart. In other words, an adultSaint Bernard is calm, peaceful, and smart in his or her behavior. St. Bernard puppies are just as loud, bouncy, and goofy as puppies from any other breed, and it takes time and patience to teach them not to jump or run around the house.

  • This breed need daily activity (regardless of whether he appears to be interested) in order to maintain his fitness, but long daily walks would suffice, as will regular opportunities to stretch out and lope around.
  • The significance of companionship to this friendly breed cannot be overstated.
  • Generally speaking, most Saints are calm and accommodating of people, however some are more gregarious than others, while others are more introverted and standoffish than others.
  • Unfortunately, there are certain temperament genes in the breed’s gene pool that are associated with undesirable behavior.
  • When reared alongside other animals, the majority of Saint Bernards get along with them.
  • Saints have a strong sense of independence, but they are also eager to obey if you can create consistent norms using motivating training methods that involve praise and food rewards for good behavior.

Saint Bernards are unbeatable droolers, slobberers, and loud pleased snorers, and they have a lot of them.

  • The creature has a thick hairy coat, it is big, heavy, and powerful
  • Is generally considerate and patient with everyone he meets
  • In cold weather, he enjoys hauling carts and sleds and romping around
  • Demonstrates positive responses to instruction in a gentle and pleasant manner

It’s possible that a Saint Bernard is the appropriate dog for you.

  • Dog that is really large and takes up a lot of room in your home and vehicle
  • A large dog who wants to sit on your feet and put his weight on your leg
  • A large dog who wants to sit on your feet and lean his weight against your leg
  • While still young, there is a lot of rowdiness and bouncing around. When left alone for an extended period of time, loneliness and destructiveness set in
  • When a person is not sufficiently socialized, they may experience fear or hostility. Some stubbornness and/or dominance issues, especially in men
  • Some aversion to change
  • Shed in large quantities
  • Slobbering and drooling are common. There is the possibility of major health issues and a short lifespan

Having a Saint Bernard may not be the best choice for you. Please keep in mind that the heredity of temperment is less predictable than the inheritance of physical characteristics such as size or shed. Temperament and conduct are also molded by the environment and the people who raise and train them.

  • By adopting an ADULT dog from an animal shelter or rescue group, you can avoid some of the bad characteristics. It’s much easier to tell what you’re getting with an adult dog, and lots of adult Saint Bernards have previously demonstrated that they don’t have any undesirable features. If you desire a puppy, you may prevent some undesirable characteristics by selecting the proper breeder and the correct dog. Unfortunately, until a puppy reaches adulthood, it is impossible to determine if he has a hereditary disposition or health concerns. In addition, you may prevent certain undesirable characteristics by teaching your Saint Bernard to respect you and by following the 11-step care program outlined in my book, 11 Things You Must Do Right To Keep Your Dog Healthy and Happy

If I were to contemplate getting a Saint Bernard, this would be the aspect I would be most concerned about.

  1. Providing an appropriate balance of physical activity. Young Saint Bernards require enough activity to keep them slim and healthy, but not so much that their fragile growing bones, joints, and ligaments are overstressed and harmed, as is the case with adult Saint Bernards. Adult Saint Bernards require more activity to maintain their fitness, but they should not be exercised in hot or humid conditions for danger of overheating. When it comes to gigantic breeds, it might be difficult to control the appropriate amount of activity. The fact that you need to limit their activity means that young Saint Bernards can be boisterous, romping around with clumsy gawkiness all over your house. During this period, you’ll need to supplement your regular companionship and supervision with other resources. Otherwise, young Saint Bernards get bored and destructive if left alone, and their strong jaws may physically wreck your living room if they are not restrained. I strongly advise you to enroll your Saint Bernard in obedience lessons at the intermediate or advanced level, as well as cart or sled pulling, hiking, and swimming. This will ensure that your Saint Bernard receives adequate socialization. Saint Bernards require significant socialization as well as exposure to strange sights and noises. Because of this, their innate caution might manifest itself as great shyness, suspicion, or hostility, all of which are difficult to live with, particularly when dealing with such a large dog
  2. Excessive shedding. Saint Bernards have a lot of dander. Your clothing, upholstery, carpets, beneath your furniture, on your worktops, and even in your meals will be covered in hair and fur. You may expect to discover hair and fur everywhere. Before you do something, check with your family to make sure everyone is on board
  3. Slobbering. The majority of people are not prepared for the amount of saliva and drool that Saint Bernards produce. Your clothing and furnishings will actually be covered in spit and slime after they shake their heads after eating or drinking
  4. This may cause serious health concerns. An estimated one-third to one-half of all Saint Bernards are disabled by bone and joint problems and/or die of cancer by the time they reach middle age. You have a stronger temperament than you may expect. Despite the fact that Saint Bernards appear to be enormous teddy bears, they are not easy to nurture and train. Several persons, particularly men, are willful and dominating (they want to be the boss) and will make you prove to them that you have the ability to compel them to perform tasks. You must demonstrate to them that you are serious about what you say by being completely consistent. Some Saint Bernard males are also dominating or violent toward other male dogs, which is a problem in some households. To put it another way, you must train your Saint Bernard to respect your authority. Whenever you say “No,” a dog who respects you will stop what he is doing and listen carefully to your instructions. More information about Saint Bernard Training may be found here.

a little about the author: Founder of three Dog Training Centers, Michele Welton has more than 40 years of experience as a dog trainer, breed consultant, and owner of three dog training facilities. She enjoys assisting people in the selection, training, and care of their dogs as an experienced researcher and author of 15 books on the subject.

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