- 1 Calendar of saints – Wikipedia
- 2 History
- 3 Ranking of feast days
- 4 Connection to tropical cyclones
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 How To Celebrate Saint Feast Days With Kids
- 8 What Is A Saint?
- 9 What Are Saint Feast Days?
- 10 Which Saint Feast Days Should We Celebrate?
- 11 What Saint Books Should I Start With?
- 12 Who Is My Patron Saint?
- 13 Celebrating Your “Name Day”
- 14 Planning A Feast Day Celebration
- 15 Look up the specific Saint
- 16 Saint Feast Days Month By Month
- 17 How does a saint’s feast day get assigned a date on the calendar?
- 18 Where Do Saint Days Come From and Why Do Some Saints Have More Than One Feast Day?
- 19 Where It Began
- 20 How the Calendar of Saints Progressed
- 21 Some Special Considerations
- 22 Saint of the Day for Friday, January 7th, 2022 – Saints & Angels
- 23 Catholic Saints- Feast Day List
- 24 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Ecclesiastical Feasts
- 25 Division of feasts
- 26 Sources
- 27 About this page
Calendar of saints – Wikipedia
Mary Farrow’s illustration Author who contributes to this work On March 19, less than four months after Pope Francis proclaimed the commemoration of the Year of St. Joseph, the Church observed the Solemnity of St. Joseph, the most solemn feast day devoted to Jesus’ foster father and the patriarch of the Holy Family. Despite the fact that many Catholics have consumed their fill of zeppole and other St. Joseph’s Day delicacies, they should not assume that this is their final opportunity to honor this noble saint.
Joseph on several occasions during the liturgical year, including the Feast of the Holy Family, the Feast of the Holy Family, the Feast of the Holy Family, and the Feast of the Holy Family.
Donald Calloway, MIC, the majority of the days listed in this article can also be used to complete a Consecration to St.
Feast of the Holy Spouses is celebrated on January 23rd.
- In specific geographical areas and religious groups, the feast has gained in prominence.
- Joseph, established the feast in the 1800s because he “reflected on the fact that the greatest saints of all time, Mary and Joseph, lived an ordinary, hidden life,” according to the Oblates’ website.
- A time for couples to reaffirm their marital vows to one another might be observed in places where it is observed.
- Simeon, Virgin Mary, St.
- Tuesday, February 2nd: The Lord’s Supper.
- When Jesus was being presented to the apostles, Simeon the prophet, who had been looking forward to the Messiah’s arrival, stated that he had now witnessed the saving power of the Lord.
- Several saints, notably Blessed Concepcion Cabrera de Armida, a Mexican nun who founded the Religious of the Cross of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, have meditated on St.
- John Paul II and Pope Francis.
Joseph) endured when you saw her (Mary) suffer martyrdom without you, the loneliness of your beloved wife whom you cherished so much!” Oh, how your soul was torn apart by suffering as you saw the Passion and the seven swords that would stab the Immaculate Heart of Mary unfold before your very eyes.
- Joseph, she wrote, “You dreamed of her alone, alone without Jesus – and this anguish poisoned your happy existence.” The blessing of lights and lighted processions are traditional ways of commemorating this feast day.
- Joseph’s Seven Sorrows and Seven Pleasures is also around this time of year.
- Joseph’s Day is celebrated on March 19.
- Joseph’s most important and highest feast.
- Beginning in the 10th century, various Western countries have observed the Feast of St.
- It is extremely popular in Italy, where large festivities of this feast are held, particularly in the town of Sicily, which is named after St.
- As a source of Italian-American pride, St.
Patrick’s Day celebrations, have also grown in popularity within the Italian-American community.
Joseph novena, St.
Joseph’s table centerpieces.
Aside from the Feast of the Annunciation on March 19, this is possibly the most well-known and frequently celebrated feast dedicated to Jesus’ foster father.
Joseph has always been known as a carpenter.
In 1955, Pope Pius XII instituted the Feast of St.
The work of the Son of God has been included in the mystery of the Incarnation, and it has also been redeemed in a unique way.
Date of Our Lady of Fatima’s Feast Day is on May 13.
As reported by Sister Lucia, who was one of the shepherd children who saw Mary appear, St.
We can and should turn to the Holy Family to reorder our own lives in these trying times, as we were reminded by the vision on October 13.
In the Irish apparition of Our Lady of Knock, St.
According to the Knock shrine, St.
John the Evangelist, and the Lamb, and he stood to Mary’s right, his head bowed as if in prayer, according to the shrine.
Joseph, who does so in his own quiet way.
Following the declaration of the Year of St.
The faithful who have passed away are remembered in a special way during the month of November, both those who are known to be in heaven (the saints) and those who may still be in purgatory (the damned) (the souls).
Besides that, the entire month of November is dedicated to praying for all those who have passed away, making it an excellent time to invoke the intercession of Saint Joseph.
Joseph’s death, it is believed by Church tradition, and confirmed in visions of some saints, that St.
In light of the fact that we all must die, St.
Joseph in order for him to obtain for us a happy death.
The feast of Our Lady of Loreto commemorates the house of the Blessed Virgin Mary and the Holy Family, which was built in honor of the Blessed Mother.
The Trinitarian Godhead and the Trinitarian Godhead, respectively.
Saint Joseph would have spent the majority of his life here, loving and caring for his family, especially his wife, Mary and their son, Jesus.
In addition, it is believed that this house was the location where St.
The house, which is now located in Loreto, Italy, is said to have been magically transported by angels from Nazareth in the 1200s – first to a location in Croatia, and then to Loreto – according to some sources.
The Feast of the Holy Family is celebrated on December 26th each year.
Joseph, who served as the head of the Holy Family and is known by one of his many titles as the “Pillar of Families.” In a reflection on the Holy Family published in December 2006, Pope Benedict XVI stated that “Mary and Joseph taught Jesus primarily by their example: in his parents, he came to know the full beauty of faith, of love for God and for his Law, as well as the demands of justice, which are completely fulfilled in love.” He continued, “The Holy Family of Nazareth is truly the ‘prototype’ of every Christian family which, united in the Sacrament of Marriage and nourished by the Word and the Eucharist, is called to carry out the wonderful vocation and mission of being the living cell not only of society, but also of the Church, a sign and instrument of unity for the entire human race.” Wednesday is a holiday in the Philippines.
- Lastly, just as the Church has designated specific days of the week to particular devotions – Sundays are dedicated to the Resurrection of the Lord, Mondays are dedicated to the Holy Spirit, Saturdays are dedicated to Our Lady, and so on – Wednesdays are specifically dedicated to St.
- According to the website dedicated to the Year of St.
- Joseph the Worker.
In the period 1488–1498, the Welsh calendar of saint days was published. Excerpt from the IrishFeastology of Oengus, in which the entries for the days of 1 and 2 January are presented in the style of quatrains, with four six-syllabic lines for each day of the week. At the National Library of Ireland, we discover pairs of two six-syllabic lines merged into bold lines, which have been corrected by glosses and annotations that have been added by later writers to this 16th-century manuscript (MS G10).
As a result of this growth, several saints were either shifted to alternate days in some traditions or altogether eliminated from the calendar, resulting in some saints having distinct feast days in different calendars.
When the Catholic calendar was reformatted in 1969, he was moved to the 28th of January, and they were transferred back to the 7th of March (seeGeneral Roman Calendar).
Every day of the year, the General Roman Calendar, which lists the saints who are honored across the church, offers just a selection of the saints who are commemorated on that particular day.
In accordance with the teaching: “Greater love has no one than this, that someone lay down his life for his friends,” the earliest feast days of saints were those of martyrs, who were venerated as having demonstrated for Christ the highest form of love, as exemplified by the martyrdom of John the Baptist.
Such saints, who had declared their faith in Christ during their lives rather than via their deaths, were given the title ” confessor ” by the Church.
Later on, a greater range of titles were employed, including: Virgin, Pastor, Bishop, Monk, Priest, Founder, Abbot, Apostle, and Doctor of the Church, among others.
Pope Pius XII introduced a phrase that would be used by all future Popes.
A common formula for the Dedication of Churches, the Blessed Virgin Mary, Martyrs (with special formulas for missionary martyrs and virgin martyrs), Pastors (subdivided into bishops, generic pastors, founding pastors of churches, and missionaries), Doctors of the Church, Virgins, and (generic) Saints can be found in the current Roman Missal (with special formulas for abbots, monks, nuns, religious, those noted for works of mercy, educators, andwomen saints).
When paired with significant church festivals and movable and immovable feasts, this calendar system creates a highly human and customised style of arranging the year and recognizing dates that is frequently localized.
The Eve of Saint Agnes is celebrated by poets such as John Keats, who recognizes its significance.
As in the cases of Nestorius, Pope Dioscorus I of Alexandria, and Archbishop Flavian of Constantinople, this occurred because the same individual may be regarded differently by different churches; in extreme cases, one church’s saint may be considered a heretic by another church, as in the cases of Nestorius, Pope Dioscorus I of Alexandria, and Archbishop Flavian of Constantinople.
Ranking of feast days
In the Catholic Church, feast days are assigned a numerical value based on their significance. In the post-Vatican II version of the Roman Rite, feast days are categorized as solemnities, feasts, or memorials, in declining order of significance from the highest to the lowest (obligatory or optional). The Code of Rubrics, created by Pope John XXIII in 1960 and still in use today according to the motu proprioSummorum Pontificum, divides liturgical days into four categories: I, II, III, and IV class days.
- See the Roman Rite’s ranking of liturgical days for further information.
- There are three types of feasts in the Russian Orthodox Church: Great Feasts, Middle Feasts, and Minor Feasts.
- Additionally, there are variances between Simple feasts and Double feasts (i.e., two simple feasts celebrated together).
- There are Festivals, Lesser Festivals, Days of Devotion, and Commemorations that are observed by the Lutheran Church.
Connection to tropical cyclones
It is customary in the Catholic Church to arrange feast days in order of significance. Festivities, feasts, and memorials are all classified as solemnities, feasts, or memorials in the post-Vatican IIform of the Roman Rite (in descending order of significance) (obligatory or optional). A liturgical day is divided into four classes, according to the Code of Rubrics created by Pope John XXIII in 1960 and still permitted by the motu proprioSummorum Pontificum. In the Roman Rite, those who adhere to even older versions of the tradition categorize feast days into three categories: Doubles (of three or four types), Semidoubles, and Simples.
From church to church, the Eastern Orthodox Church has different rankings of feasts.
Each section of these feasts is also known as a feast in its own right (“sixfold”, having sixsticheraatVespersand sixtropariaat theCanonofMatins).
Typikon, the liturgical book, has strict instructions on how to perform the hymns and readings for each feast on a Double Feast day.
Days of Devotion and Commemorations are observed by the Lutheran Church on many occasions, including festivals and lesser festivals. Primary Feasts and Holy Days, Festivals, Lesser Festivals and Commemorations are all observed by the Church of England, the mother Church of the Anglican Communion.
- Calendar of saints (Church of England)
- Calendar of saints (Episcopal Church)
- Calendar of saints (Anglican Church of Southern Africa)
- Calendar of saints (Lutheran)
- Calendar of saints (Ep The saints’ calendar of the Coptic Orthodox Church
- The liturgical calendar of the Eastern Orthodox Church The Roman Calendar in its entirety
- ‘Diario Romano’ is a newspaper published in Rome. Day of the patron saint
- Gyl Mabsant, Welsh saints’ days
- Saints’ list
- Patron saints
- Currently Listed Saints on the Calendar (Catholic Church)
- Greek Catholic Saints’ Calendar (Greek Catholic Church)(in Ukrainian)
- Calendar of Saints (Orthodox Church in America)
- Currently Listed Saints on the Calendar (Catholic Church). Butler’s Lives of the SaintsBartleby.com
- “selected lives, writings, and devotions”
- “selected lives, writings, and devotions.” ecatholic2000. The original version of this article was published on November 14, 2013. On February 11, 2019, I was able to retrieve
How To Celebrate Saint Feast Days With Kids
Years ago, I embarked on a quest to begin practicing my Catholic religion at home while also making it enjoyable for my children. In subsequent years, I would discover that this notion is referred to as “living the liturgical year at home.” All of this implies is that we will be celebrating holidays and holy days with our children, but they will be days from the church calendar rather than the calendar of the secular world. It is the subject of another post, which is all about how to get started living liturgically with your children, but today we will focus on how to celebrate Saint feast days with children.
My weekly liturgical newsletter is always full of up-to-date materials for the liturgical year, weekly readings, and other useful information.
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What Is A Saint?
A saint is just somebody who has gone to be with Jesus in paradise. That’s all there is to it. A person is “canonized” by the Catholic Church after they have extensively researched him or her and discovered miracles, among other things, that they are confident that this individual is in fact in paradise with Jesus, according to the Catholic Church.
What Are Saint Feast Days?
A Saint’s feast day is merely a day set aside to commemorate the life of a particular Saint. It occurs most frequently on the day of their death, but not always. Some Saints are commemorated on more than one feast day. For example, Mary, who is known as the “Queen of the Saints,” has several feast days throughout the year that are celebrated under a variety of names and devotions. There are some at St. Joseph’s as well. You can also commemorate a Saint on the anniversary of a significant event in their life, such as their canonization, or on the day of an important event in their life.
Which Saint Feast Days Should We Celebrate?
A fantastic place to begin is with the Saints who are patrons of your own family. You may even make a “Litany of Saints” specifically for your family, and I’ve included a printable file to assist you with that process here. Instead of producing something random and cute for a feast day, my original plan for Catholic Icing was to seek for forthcoming feast days and bake cookies for those, rather than simply making something random and cute for a feast day. This would essentially be the equivalent of slaying two birds with one stone.
This notion is referred to as “Weaving The Faith.” Consequently, you may celebrate any Saint’s feast day that you happen to have the energy for under this paradigm.
What Saint Books Should I Start With?
Starting with a Saint picture book treasury that includes a variety of short stories that you and your children can read together is a good place to start when teaching your children about the lives of the Saints. This will provide you with an excellent beginning point, and you can then gradually build up your collection of Saint books over time. This Picture Book Of Saints, in my opinion, is a fantastic first Saint book for Catholic families to read together. I’ll highlight the Saints who have stories from this book in the list below.
A decent children’s Bible is also recommended, since it will have many stories about the Saints and will be easy to read aloud to your children.
Despite the fact that I have a large number of children’s Bibles, The Jesus Storybook Bible is my favorite (you can see my post on my favorite Catholic children’s bibles here).
Who Is My Patron Saint?
In fact, you have the option of choosing your patron Saint! Anyone of the Saints can be chosen as long as you have a personal connection or devotion to them. If you already have a favorite, feel free to stick with it for now! Furthermore, you might encourage your children to develop their own personal Saint devotions as well. Here are some areas where you may start to figure out who the Saints are that are particularly important to your family:
- Saint of Confirmation-If you are a confirmed Catholic, you would have received the name of a Saint at the time of your baptism or confirmation. My mother’s name was St. Cecilia, and she is now my patron saint. Birthday Saint-Look up a list of Saints whose feast day falls on your birthday to find your birthday Saint. There will be a number of them. Choose the Saint who is the most well-known to you or who stands out to you the most
- St. sharing your name-if you are fortunate enough to have a Saint who shares your given name, this is most definitely a patron saint for you! If you don’t have a Saint with a name that is near to yours, you can select one who does. So, because my given name is Lacy, and there isn’t a Saint Lacy, I grew up with a specific devotion to the Virgin Mary, known as St. Lucy. ‘Near enough,’ I say. If you have a particular gift or problem in life, or if you have a certain vocation, for example, the patron Saint who is the patron of that item is also one of your patron Saints. Choose a Saint Based On Patronage So, for example, if you’re an artist, you could have an unique devotion to St. Luke in your life. St. Cecilia is a musician. It’s possible that you’ll consider St. Jude to be your patron saint if you’ve overcome cancer.
There are no “rules” to follow in this case, and there is no limit to the number of patron Saints that can be assigned to your family. Every year in January, our family enjoys choosing a patron Saint to celebrate at our house. This is frequently based on a person’s present stage of life or a significant family event that occurred during that year.
Celebrating Your “Name Day”
There are many Catholic families that cherish this custom! Celebrate the day with your kid on the feast day of the Saint who is your child’s “name” Saint (i.e., the Saint who shares their name or is near to their name). Making a cake (or other dessert of your choosing) and singing to them is a fun and simple method to accomplish this. You may also use candles to decorate your home. Here is the song that many Catholic families, like mine, enjoy singing. You will be amused by how simple it is, hehe.
The process is straightforward, and the children will never forget this tradition!
You can even use it to decorate!
Planning A Feast Day Celebration
As a result, what is the best way to go about preparing a Saint’s Day celebration? You’d want to include learning about the Saint into your curriculum. Some Saints are shown in video form, while others are included in a children’s picture book (or a page of a Saint treasury book that is devoted to them at least.) If you haven’t already, inform your children about the Saint or conduct some online research. Plan activities based on the Saint’s patronage or some element of their life that they are associated with: For example, because St.
- Given that St.
- Make connections in an imaginative manner, and enjoy this phase of the planning process for your feast day celebrations!
- Various St.
- Nicholas Day.
- Look for ideas that will appeal to the entire family.
- Agnes is shown carrying a sheep, you can make sheep crafts or participate in sheep-related activities to commemorate the feast.
- Catherine is sometimes shown with a wagon wheel, you may serve supper with pasta in the shape of a wagon wheel.
- Ideas for Saints who were martyrs include: The colors red and white are the traditional colors of martyrdom, with red representing the blood that was shed and white representing the incense of the martyred saint.
- In addition, I have strawberry red and white cupcakes with a sign on them.
- Look for a prayer that is particular to the Saint: It’s usually very simple to locate a prayer for a certain Saint on the internet.
- This is a vital component of every feast day celebration, regardless of which option is chosen.
Create a craft depicting the genuine Saint: If you want to construct a paper bag puppet with your children, I have a printableSaint Puppet Ebook that includes designs to guide you through the process. I’m not sure why kids are so fascinated by paper bag puppets, but they certainly are!
Look up the specific Saint
There are a plethora of materials for honoring Saint feast days now available online, so look around for inspiration from others! What’s the point of reinventing the wheel? For starters, I would recommend that you start right here by typing the name of a Saint into the Catholic Icing search box located at the top of this page. I have a ton of fantastic materials for Catholic children right here! There are a plethora of Generic Saint craft resources available for children, and I’ve compiled a few of them here.
- Stand-up comics printable ABC Saints for Kids — Saints for each letter of the alphabet, from A to Z
- Create a collection of Saint peg dolls – These have been one of my children’s favorite toys for years and years now! I’m not exaggerating! Because I’ve provided a printable version, it’s simple to make your own. Older children may use this fun Saint information fill-in sheet to record their findings on any and all of the Saints they are studying about. Saint paper doll chains, which you may customize to include any Saints you choose
- Host a Saint-themed liturgical tea party to commemorate the feast day. These are a favorite of our family, and they are also served lunch thereafter. Mom is pulling double duty. Making a DIY Saint “medal” activity for kids is simple and can be made to look like any Saint medal. Compile a collection of Saint holy cards. Fill a box one item at a time over the course of several years. My children like flicking through ours, and I do, too.
Saint Feast Days Month By Month
Don’t forget to check out the other pieces in my series on how to pass on your Catholic faith to your children!
How does a saint’s feast day get assigned a date on the calendar?
Each year, when the Catholic Church designates an individual to be a “saint,” a day on the liturgical calendar is allocated to them, allowing their life to be commemorated on that particular day each year. As a general rule, this is the day on which they pass away nearly without exception. Saints are thought to have already entered Heaven at the time of their death, and hence the day of their death is referred to as their heavenly birthday or “entry into Heaven.” The reason for this is because you can nearly always determine the date of a saint’s death.
- This, however, is not always the case in practice.
- These are the births of Mary (on September 8th), Jesus (on December 25th), and St.
- To make matters more complicated, the Church may choose to postpone the commemoration of a saint if that saint’s death occurred within the period of Lent.
- The feast of St.
- He passed away on April 2, 2005, which would have been during Lent or the first week of Easter if it had occurred.
- The date of death of the saint may also fall on the same day as the feast day of another saint, which would result in the other saint receiving priority in the liturgy.
- Saint Thérèse of Lisieux falls within this category.
- Jerome on the same day.
- However, following a reorganization of the liturgical calendar in 1970, the date of October 1 became available, and she was assigned to that date.
Above all else, the Church exalts these men and women as models for us, pointing to them as sources of inspiration for us to follow in their footsteps and become saints. We remember them as our forefathers in the faith, as those who “run the race” and came out on the winning side.
Where Do Saint Days Come From and Why Do Some Saints Have More Than One Feast Day?
Because we Catholics are a joyous people, there is excellent reason for this. Our salvation and redemption are inestimable blessings, and our Faith is rich in tradition, not to mention expressions of gratitude, reverence, and praise of the highest order from all people. When it comes to carrying out one’s Catholic religion, celebration is a recurring motif. Historically, we have remembered our Catholic past by honoring feast days, particularly those of the Saints, which date back to the birth of our Church.
- It was recognized by the Church Fathers that, being creatures of time, we develop in our comprehension of the treasure that is our Faith throughout the course of our lives.
- What Is the Point of Celebrating the Saints?
- Their holy examples encourage us to go on, motivating us to greater virtue, perfection, and unity with God in the service of humanity as we follow in their footsteps.
- We who yearn for the arrival of the Kingdom seek the patronage and protection of those who have already reached this state of being.
- The Calendar of the Saints is a unique gift given to Catholics who are dedicated to their faith.
Where It Began
Taking its inspiration from an ancient habit of commemorating Christian martyrs on the anniversary of their deaths, the Church established a calendar of saints to be followed throughout the year. To create the Church Calendar, Holy Mother Church joined these days of particular adoration with solemnities and feasts of the highest order, both fixed and moveable, to produce a single calendar. Within this framework, we commemorate the lives of our beloved Saints. The Church Fathers developed the liturgical calendar over time and with divine inspiration, adding a large number of Saints and Blesseds in the process.
Some feasts were defined as being movable to a Sunday, but this was not always the case.
Our Church year is more consistent as a result of this arrangement.
It makes the connection between the Saints in heaven and the Body of Christ on earth more visible and palpable.
It is through the celebration of saint’s feast days and memorials that we may carry on traditions from one generation to the next, all in the name of honoring our heavenly friends and intercessors.
How the Calendar of Saints Progressed
Taking its inspiration from an ancient ritual of commemorating Christian martyrs on the anniversary of their deaths, the Church developed a calendar of saints to be followed by all believers. The Church Calendar was created by combining these unique days of adoration with solemnities and feasts of the highest order, both fixed and moveable, to establish the Church Calendar of the Roman Catholic Church. Within this context, we commemorate our beloved Saints. The Church Fathers revised the liturgical calendar over time, guided by divine inspiration, and added a large number of Saints and Blesseds to the calendar.
There were a few feasts that may be moved from Saturday to Sunday.
Our Church year is more consistent as a result of this organizational framework.
A physical link is established between the Saints in heaven and the Body of Christ here on earth through this process.
Some Special Considerations
The majority of Saints are commemorated on a single feast day, often known as a “Saint Day,” over the course of the Church year, although there are several notable exceptions. There may be more than one feast day dedicated to a saint who has multiple different titles, designations, or participation in noteworthy events.
The first person who comes to mind is Our Lady of Lourdes. As we reverence the annual cycle of the mysteries of Christ, we pay particular attention to her, acknowledging her contribution to our salvation and paying tribute to her. Marian feasts are celebrated on a number of occasions throughout the liturgical year. The most important are as follows:
- It is the feast days of Mary, Mother of God (January 1st)*, the Annunciation (March 25th), the Assumption (August 15th)*, and the Immaculate Conception (December 8th)* that are observed.
* These are Holy Days of Obligation, according to the Catholic Church. Additionally, we celebrate feasts associated with events in Sacred Scripture, such as the Presentation of the Lord in the Temple (February 2nd) and the Visitation (March 12th) (May 31st). As with the Immaculate Conception, we commemorate her in accordance with theological pronouncements of the Catholic Church. Another method in which the Church honors the Blessed Mother is via the celebration of feast days dedicated to her numerous titles, such as Our Lady of the Rosary (October 7th).
Why does the Virgin Mary have so many different names, titles, and feast days? [Continue reading:
The feast days of St. Joseph, on March 19th and May 1st, are dedicated to him in his roles as the Earthly Father of Jesus and as St. Joseph the Worker, respectively. In the first, he is praised for his sponsorship and care of Jesus, as well as the Domestic and Universal Churches, among others. The second commemorates his unique affection for laborers, as well as his protection and intercession for those who toil, particularly those who do physically demanding or demanding job. More information may be found at: Sanctification of Human Work: St.
Sts. Peter and Paul
No special feast day remembering their martyrdom has been established for either of these extraordinary men who helped to create the Christian religion. On June 29th, the Church will commemorate them as a group. The feast is mentioned in ancient sources from the 3rd Century, which state that “despite the fact that they died on different dates, these two were one in their martyrdom in Rome.” The feast of the Chair of Peter, which is celebrated on February 22nd, commemorates Jesus’ nomination of Peter as the leader of the early Church following the Resurrection and Ascension.
Peter, who reigned over the early Church with love and power.
Paul is celebrated on January 25th, commemorating the incident on the road to Damascus (Acts 9:1-31) when Saul was transformed into Paul, who dedicated his life to gaining souls for Christ after persecuting the early Christians.
St. John the Baptist
On June 24th, we commemorate the feast of the Baptism of St. John the Baptist, in which we remember his life as the one and only forerunner of the Christ. God assigned him the task of preparing the way for the Messiah by preaching and baptizing those who responded to the divine call to repentance and faith. King Herod murdered this cousin of Jesus at the behest of his stepdaughter, who had begged him to do so after he promised to grant her any wish. On August 29th, the Church remembers the Passion of John the Baptist, which is the second feast of the year.
John the Baptist: A Prelude to the Coming of Jesus Christ
In Celebration of Feast Days
Our Church’s numerous and magnificent feast days of the Saints are only one of its many miracles, but they serve as a link between the Church Triumphant and the Church Militant as we strive to make our way to heaven. What a privilege it is to be a Catholic and to be given the opportunity to engage into the lives of these wonderful men and women who battled for the freedoms we have today and whose lives in the Faith prepared the path for our own. Let us take advantage of every occasion to commemorate the feasts of our Saints with reverence and delight, and let us be grateful that the Church, knowing the hearts of men, has provided a method for us to commemorate Saint Days as frequently as we are able.
May us follow in the footsteps of these holy men and women with intention and wisdom, venerating them whenever the occasion presents itself. Please, all of you Saints of Heaven, intercede for us!
Saint of the Day for Friday, January 7th, 2022 – Saints & Angels
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St. Raymond of Pennafort
It is said that St. Raymond of Pennafort is the Patron Saint of Canonists (Feast day – January 7) St. Raymond was born in Spain and was a distant relative of the King of Aragon. He had a deep and abiding affection and regard for her since infancy. Continuation of reading
More Saints of the Day
Thorfinn, a Norwegian bishop, died at the Cistercian abbey of TerDoest, near Bruges, in the year 1285. He was buried in the monastery grounds. In his short life, he had never earned any notice and was quickly forgotten. But it’s over. Continuation of reading
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Catholic Saints- Feast Day List
|St Agatha||February 5th||breast cancer, earth quakes, natural disaters, sterility, fire prevention, jewelers, martyrs, nurses, rape victims,|
|St Albert||November 15th||medical technicians, scientists, philosophers, schoolchildren, students|
|St Alexander of Alexandria||February 26th||doctor of the church|
|St Andrew||November 30th||anglers, singers, unmarried women, women wanting to become mothers, against sore throats, gout|
|St Anne||July 26th||against poverty, carpenters, equestrians, pregnancy, miners, seamstresses, homemakers, grandparents|
|St Anthony||June 13th||starvation, American Indians, elderly, fishermen, lost articles, sailors, travellers, poor|
|St Apollonia||February 9th||tooth disease, toothache, dentist|
|St Agustine||August 28th||sore eyes, brewers, printers, theologians|
|St Barbara||December 4th||fires, storms, architects, artillery, construction workers, firefighters, stone masons|
|St Benedict||July 11th||kidney disease, poisoning, school children|
|St Benjamin||March 31st||deacons|
|St Bernadette||April 16th||poverty, sickness, shepherds, poor,|
|St Bernard||August 20th||beekeepers, bee, candlemakers,|
|St Blaise||February 3rd||throats diseases, coughs, veterinarians, animals, builders, carvers|
|St Boniface||June 5th||brewers, file cutters, tailors|
|St Brendan||May16th||boatmen, mariners, sailors, travellers, whales,|
|St Camillus||July 14th||illness, sickness, hospitals, hospital workers, nurses|
|St Catherine||April 29th||illness, fires, miscarriages, sickness, temptations, firefighters, nurses, ridiculed people|
|St Catherine Laboure||November 28th||miraculous medal,|
|St Celcilia||November 22nd||composers, music, musicians, poets, singers, martyrs|
|St Charles||November 4th||abdominal pain, colic, intestinal disorders, ulcers, bishops, catechists, catechumens, seminarians, spiritual leaders|
|St Christopher||July 25th||bad dreams, epilepsy, floods, sotrms, toothache, archers, truck drivers, gardeners, travellers, motorist|
|St Clare of Assisi||August 11th||eyes, embroiderers, telephones, television, weather, gilders, goldsmiths, laundry workers,|
|St Cosmas||September 26th||blindness, barbers, chemical industry, doctors, pharmacist, physicians, surgeons|
|St Damian||September 26th||blindness, barbers, chemical industry, doctors, pharmacist, physicians, surgeons|
|St Daniel||July 21st||prophet|
|St David||December 29th||poets|
|St Dennis||October 9th||headaches, hydrophobia, rabies, strife, possessed people|
|St Dominic||August 8th||astronomers, astronomy, scientists, falsely accused people|
|St Dorothy||February 6th||brewers, brides, florists, gardeneres, midwives, newlyweds|
|St Dymphna||May 15th||epilepsy, mental illness, psychiatrist, therapist, family happiness, neurological disorders|
|St Edith Stein||August 9th||death of parents, martyrs, europe|
|St Edward||October 13th||difficult marriages, kings, separated spouses|
|St Elizabeth Ann Seton||January 4th||death of children and parents, in-law issues, widows, apostleship of the sea|
|St Elizabeth of Hungary||November 17th||bakers, brides, charities, homeless, hospitals, widows, toothaches|
|St Florian||May 4th||against battle, against drowning, fire, floods, brewers, firefighters,|
|St Frances Cabini||December 22nd||malaria, emigrants, orphans|
|St Francis Assisi||October 4th||animals, ecologist, environment, families, merchants, peace, zoos|
|St Francis de Sales||January 24th||deafness, educators, journalist, teachers, writers|
|St Francis Xavier||December 3rd||missionaries, navigators, african, black, parish missions, plague,|
|St Gabriel||September 29th||broadcasters, clergy, diplomats, post office, postal services, television, telephones, radio|
|St Genesius||August 25th||actors, attorneys, clowns, comedians, converts, dancers, musicians, printers|
|St George||April 23rd||herpes, plague, skin diseases, archers, butchers, farmers, equestrians, soldiers, shepherds|
|St Gerard||October 16th||childbirth, children, expectant mothers, motherhood, unborn, pro-life|
|St Gregory||September 3rd||plague, educators, papcy, popes, schoolchildren, singers, students, teachers|
|St Helen||August 18th||archeologists, converts, difficult marriages, divorced people|
|St Hubert||November 3rd||archers, dogs, hunters, forest workers, mathematicians, opticians,|
|St Isidore||April 4th||computer users, technicians, internet, schoolchildren, students|
|St Ives||February||advocates, judges|
|St James||May 3rd||pharmacists|
|St Jason||July 12th||converts|
|St Joan of Arc||May 30th||prisoners, soldiers, martyrs|
|St John Berchman||November 26th||altar servers, eucharistic ministers|
|St John Bosco||January 31st||apprentices, editors, hispanic youth, schoolchildren, students|
|St John Neumann||January 5th||redemptorist, students|
|St John of God||March 8th||alcoholism, illness, firefighters, heart patients, nurses, publishers,|
|St John the Baptist||August 29th||epilepsy, hailstorms, baptism, bird dealers, converts, motorways, printers, tailors|
|St John the Evangelist||December 27th||againist burns, poisoning, art dealers, authors, booksellers, editors, engravers, friendship, theologians|
|St Joseph||March 19th||carpenters, emigrants, families, fathers, laborers, expectant mothers,social justice, travellers|
|St Joseph the Workers||May 1st||laboreres, working people|
|St Joseph Cupertino||September 18th||air travellers, pilots, air crew, astronauts, aviators, paratroopers, students|
|St Joshua||September 1st||reading, literature, intelligence professionals|
|St Jude||October 28th||desperate situations, forgotten causes, hospitals, hospital workers, impossible causes, lost causes|
|St Julia||May 22nd||tortured victims|
|St Justin||June 1st||apologists, lecturers, orators, philosophers, speakers|
|St Katharine Drexel||March 3rd||betterment of those called to serve|
|St Kevin||June 3rd||blackbirds, Ireland|
|St Kilian||July 8th||rheumatism, gout,|
|St Lawrence||August 10th||archivists, brewers, butchers, chefs, comedians, deacons, librarians, poor, restaurants|
|St Lazarus||February 23rd||poor, sick|
|St Louise||March 15th||sad children, loss of parents, rejected, illness, social workers, widows|
|St Lucia||December 13th||blindness, eyes, sore throats, authors, poor, stained glass workers, writers|
|St Luke||October 18th||artist, bookbinders, brewers, butchers, doctors, glass makers, goldsmiths painters,|
|St Margaret||October 16th||polio, death of parents|
|St Maria Faustina||October 5th||lymphedema, heart conditions, milroy’s disease|
|St Maria Goretti||July 6th||poverty, children, youth, poor, rape|
|St Mark||April 25th||impenitence, insect bites, struma, attorney’s, prisoners, notaries, lions|
|St Martha||July 29th||butlers, cooks, housewives, maids, servants, serveres, travellers|
|St Martin de Porres||November 3rd||african-americans, barbers, social justice, hair stylist, poor, public education, racial harmony, television|
|St Mary Magdalene||July 22nd||sexual temptation, converts, pharmacist, penitent sinners, perfumers|
|St Matthew||September 21st||accountants, bankers, guards, security guards, security forces, stock brokers|
|St Maximilian kolbe||August 14th||drug addicts, families, prisoners, journalist, pro-life|
|St Michael||September 29th||ambulance drivers, artists, bakers, bankers, battle, grocers, mariners, paramedics, police, radiologist, sailors, soldiers|
|St Nicholas||December 6th||against imprisonment, against robbers, archers, brides, captives, children, fishermen, grooms, judges, merchants, pharmacist, poor|
|St Patrick||March 17th||against snakes, against snake bites, engineers, ophidiophobia|
|St Paul||June 29th||against snakes, authors, evangelist, journalist, musicians, publishers, reporters, rope makers, saddlers, writers|
|St Peregrine||May 1st||against cancer, skin diseases, AIDS|
|St Peter||June 29th||feet, fever, bakers, bridge builders, clock makers, anglers, locksmiths, masons, ship builders, shoemakers, watch makers|
|St Philip||May 3rd||hatters, pastry chefs|
|St Philomena||August 11th||barrenness, infertility, mental illness, infants, desperate causes, impossible causes, poor, priest, prisoners, students, youth|
|St Pio||September 23rd||civil defense volunteers, stress relief|
|St Raphael||September 29th||eye disease, mental illness, blind, doctors, pharmacist, love, lovers, nurses, physicians, travellers, young people|
|St Raymond||January 7th||attorney’s, canonist, medical record librarians|
|St Richard||April 3rd||coachmen|
|St Rita||May 22nd||abuse victims, infertility, loneliness, desperate causes, difficult marriages, parenthood, widows|
|St Robert||April 29th||Catechist|
|St. Roch (San Roque)||August 16th||dogs, falsely accused people, invalids, diseased cattle, epidemics, knee, skin, plague, pestilence|
|St Rose||August 23rd||against vanity, embroiderers, florist, gardeners,|
|St Sarah||August 19th||laughter, music,|
|St Scholastica||February 10th||storms, convulsive children, nuns|
|St Sebastian||January 20th||cattle, plague. Archers, athletes, gardeners, gunsmiths, hardware stores, ironmongers, masons, police, soldiers|
|St Stephen||December 26th||headaches, casket makers, deacons, horses, masons|
|St Teresa of Avila||October 15th||illness, headaches, parent protector, need of grace, religious order life|
|St Theresa of Lisieux||February 3rd||coughs, throat diseases, animals, builders, veterinarians|
|St Thomas Aquinas||January 28th||academics, storms, apologists, chastity, colleges, philosophers, publishers, scholars, schools, students, theologians, universities|
|St Thomas More||June 22nd||adopted children, court clerks, large families, lawyers, politicians, step-parents, widowers|
|St Thomas the Apostle||July 3rd||blindness, doubt, architects, builders, geometricians, masons, surveyors|
|St Timothy||May 3rd||blind, architects, carpenters, masons,|
|St Valentine of Rome||February 14th||couples, epilepsy, fainting, bee keepers, engaged couples, happy marriages, love, lovers, travellers, young people|
|St Veronica||July 12th||laundry workers, photographers|
|St Vianney||August 4th||confessors, priest|
|St Vincent de Paul||September 27th||charities, horses, hospital workers, hospitals, lost articles, prisoners, spiritual help, volunteers|
|St William||June 20th||adopted children|
|St William of Vercelli||June 25th||health, prosperity, healing, relationships, stomach illnesses, depression, adoption, cancer|
|St Zachary||November 5th||peace, coming of messiah|
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Ecclesiastical Feasts
Please consider making a donation to New Advent in order to receive the complete contents of this website as an immediate download. A single purchase of $19.99 provides access to the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa Theologica, Bible, and other resources. (LatinFestum; Greekheorte) A festival is a gathering of people to celebrate something. Feast Days, also known as Holy Days, are days on which special services are held in remembrance of the sacred mysteries and events recorded in the history of our redemption, in memory of the Virgin Mother of Christ, or in memory of His apostles, martyrs, and saints, and on which people are encouraged to take time off from their jobs.
- Jesus Christ welcomes us to His vineyard at certain hours (Matthew 20:1-15); He is born in our hearts at Christmas; on Good Friday, we nail ourselves to the cross with Him; on Easter, we rise from the womb of sin; and on Pentecost, we receive the gifts of the Holy Spirit.
- The ecclesiastical year is formed by the succession of these seasons, in which the feasts of Our Lord serve as the foundation and structure, while the feasts of the Blessed Virgin and the Saints serve as the beautiful tracery.
- Through the third century, these remained the sole worldwide Christian feasts, beside the weekly Lord’s Day, which had become more rare (Tertullian, “De Bapt.” 19:Origen,Against CelsusVIII.22).
- Martin and St.
- Following the victory of Christianity in the fourth and fifth centuries, civil court hearings were outlawed on all feast days, as were activities in the circus and theatrical plays, in order to provide everyone with a chance to hear the Mass that was being said.
- Later on, a reduction in the number of feasts occurred, partially as a result of regular ecclesiastical law, partly as a result of revolutions in both the state and the church.
- Boniface (Mansi XII, 383), nineteen days were observed as “in quibus sabbatizandum,” that is, days of rest.
- Peter and Paul, St.
- Three festivals of the B.V.
- Edward the Martyr (March 18), and in the reign of Canute, or Cnut (1017-35), the feast of St.
- During the reign of King Edgar (959-75), three festivals of the B.V.
1089), and they are classified into three categories (Migne, P.L., CL, 472-78) As well as mentioning forty-one feasts, theDecreeof Gratian (circa 1150) mentions forty-five public feasts and Holy Days, which translates into eighty-five days when no work could be done and ninety-five days when no court sessions could be held.
- The Sabbath was observed in several regions eight days after Easter, and in other provinces also the week following Pentecost (or at least four days).
- There were sixty-six complete Holy Days in the Byzantine empire (according to the Constitution of Manuel Comnenus, adopted in 1166), excluding Sundays, and twenty-seven partial Holy Days.
- Urban VIII implemented a long-needed decrease in the number of feast days (Universa per orbem, 13 Sept., 1642).
- Pope Urban curtailed the power of the bishops to designate new Holy Days; this power has since been deemed outdated rather than abolished.
- This decrease was extended to the Italian peninsula in 1748.
- On all of the abrogated feast days, the parish priests are required to celebrate Mass for the congregation.
- By the time of the French Revolution, the ecclesiastical calendar had been completely destroyed, and when the French Church was reorganized in 1806, only four feasts were retained: Christmas, the Ascension, the Assumption, and All Saints; the remaining feasts were relocated to Sunday.
The following feast days were established for the Catholics of England by Pope Pius VI on March 19, 1777: Easter and Pentecost, which were celebrated on separate days, Christmas, New Year’s Day, Epiphany, Ascension, Corpus Christi, Annunciation, Assumption, Sts.
George, and All Saints.
George, and the Monday following Easter, as well as Pentecost, were abolished.
Andrew, while Ireland commemorates the feasts of St.
It was not universally agreed upon how many feasts should be observed in the United States.
Sacred Heart and Corpus Christi were moved to the next Sunday after their original scheduling.
Joseph, the Annunciation, and the Ascension are all double precept feast days in the city of Rome.
Joseph and Philip Neri (26 May), Corpus Christi and All Saints, as well as the Nativity of the B.V.M.
John the Evangelist, and St.
The civil law of Italy recognizes the feasts of the Epiphany, the Ascension, Sts.
At the current time, the Greek Church recognizes the following Holy Days: Birth of Mary, Exaltation of the Cross (14 September), Saint Demetrius (26 October), Saint Michael (8 November), Entrance of Mary into the Temple (21 November), Saint Nicholas (6 December), Conception of Saint Anne (9 December), Nativity of Christ (26 December), Saint Stephen (27 December), Circumcision (1 January), Epiphany, the Doctors (14 January), and the Feast of the Three Kings (14 January).
- The feasts of St.
- Gregory, and St.
- George (on the 23rd of April), the Nativity of St.
- Peter and Paul, St.
John (on the 29th of August), the Monday after Easter and Pentecost The Russians have only nine ecclesiastical holy days that do not fall on a Sunday, namely: the Nativity, the Epiphany, the Ascension, the Transfiguration, the Purification, the Annunciation, the Assumption, the Presentation of Mary (on November 21st), and the Exaltation of the Cross (on December 25th).
However, they have fifty festivals (birthdays, etc.) dedicated to the imperialfamily, on which no event, not even a burial, can take place.
Division of feasts
Please consider making a donation to New Advent in order to receive the complete contents of this website as an immediate download as a thank you. A single purchase of $19.99 provides access to the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa Theologica, Bible, and much more. The word “festival” comes from the Latin word “festivalum” and the Greek word “heorte.” Festivals and Holy Days are days on which special services are held in remembrance of the sacred mysteries and events recorded in the history of our redemption, in memory of The Virgin Mary, or in memory of His apostles, martyrs, and saints.
- When we celebrate a feast, we are not only commemorating an event or a person, but we are also energizing our spiritual lives by reminding us of the event or person that we are commemorating.
- Every religion has its celebrations, but none has a system of festive seasons that is as comprehensive and well-planned as the Catholic Church’s system of celebration.
- The Jewish solemnities of Easter and Pentecost serve as prototypes and beginning points for the first Christian feasts.
- In the fourth century, two feasts of Our Lord (Epiphany and Christmas) were added; then came the feasts of the Apostles and martyrs, which were celebrated in specific provinces; later on, the feasts of some confessors (St.
- Gregory); and finally, in the sixth and seventh centuries, feasts of the Blessed Virgin were added, which were celebrated in particular provinces.
- Because every bishop had the authority to designate new feasts in previous periods, theecclesiasticalcalendar grew significantly over the course of centuries.
- There are eleven feast days mentioned in the Statutes of Bishop Sonnatius of Reims (seeCALENDAR), and nineteen days are mentioned in the Statutes of St.
- Christmas, Epiphany, three days of Easter, the Assumption, Sts.
- Gregory, and All Saints were the only feasts celebrated in England until the ninth century.
- Mary, as well as days kept in honor of the Apostles, were added before the reign of King Edgar (959-75); in the tenth year of Ethelred (989), the feast of St.
- Dunstan (May 19), were added.
1089), and they are classified into three categories: (Migne, P.L., CL, 472-78) As well as mentioning forty-one feasts, theDecreeof Gratian (circa 1150) mentions forty-five public feasts and Holy Days, which translates into eighty-five days when no work could be done and ninety-five days when no court sessions could be held; theDecretalsof Gregory IX (circa 1233) mentions forty-five public feasts and Holy Days, which translates into eighty-five days when no court sessions could be held.
- For the majority of provinces, the Sabbath was observed eight days after Easter, and in certain cases, the whole week after Pentecost (or at least four days).
- According to the Constitution of Manuel Comnenus, which was adopted in 1166, there were sixty-six whole Holy Days in the Byzantine empire, excluding Sundays.
- Gordon, Nicholas de Clémanges and others raised their voices in the fifteenth century against the proliferation of feasts, which they saw as an oppression of the poor and an opportunity for excesses to occur close to home and work.
- For the remainder of the year, there were thirty-six feasts and eighty-five days without working.
- A reduction made for Spain by Pope Benedict XIII in 1727 kept just seventeen feasts, and on the nineteen annulled Holy Days, only the hearing of Mass was required to be attended.
The number of full Holy Days had been reduced to fifteen in Austria (1745); however, because the hearing of Mass on the abrogated feasts, or half Holy Days, and the fast on the vigils of the Apostles were poorly observed, Clement XIVordered that sixteen full feasts be observed; he did away with the half Holy Days, which were however still observed in the rural districts of Austria (1745).
- During all of the abrogated feasts, the parish pastors must offer Mass for the congregation.
- In France, the ecclesiastical calendar had been largely abandoned by the time of the French Revolution, and when the French Church was reorganized in 1806, only four feasts were retained: Christmas, the Ascension, the Assumption, and All Saints; the remaining feasts were moved to Sunday.
- The following feast days were established for the Catholics of England by Pope Pius VI on March 19, 1777: Easter and Pentecost, which were celebrated on separate days, Christmas, New Year’s Day, Epiphany, Ascension, Corpus Christi, Annunciation, Assumption, Sts.
- George, and all Saints.
- George, and the Monday following Easter, as well as Pentecost, were abolished.
- Andrew’s Day is celebrated in Scotland as well, while the feasts of St.
- It was not universally agreed upon how many feasts should be observed in the United States.
- Sacred Heart and Corpus Christi were moved to the next Sunday when their original dates were changed.
- Joseph, the Annunciation, and the Ascension are all double precept feast days in the city of Rome.
- Joseph and Philip Neri (26 May), Corpus Christi and All Saints, as well as the Nativity of the B.V.M.
- The civil law of Italy recognizes the feasts of the Epiphany, the Ascension, Sts.
As of right now, Holy Days of the Greek Orthodox Church are observed as follows: Birth of Mary, Exaltation of the Cross (14 September), Saint Demetrius (26 October), Saint Michael (8 November), Entrance of Mary into the Temple (21 November), Saint Nicholas (6 December), Conception of Saint Anne (9 December), Nativity of Christ (26 December), Saint Stephen (27 December), Circumcision (1 January), Epiphany, the Doctors of the Church, and the Feast of the Three Kings (14 January).
- 30 January: Feasts of St.
- Gregory, and St.
- George; 20 July: Feast of the Nativity of St.
- Peter and Paul, St.
John; the Monday after Easter and Pentecost; and The Russians have only nine ecclesiastical holy days that do not fall on a Sunday, namely: the Nativity, the Epiphany, the Ascension, the Transfiguration, the Purification, the Annunciation, the Assumption, the Presentation of Mary (on November 21st), and the Exaltation of the Cross (on December 26th).
The imperial family has fifty festivals (birthdays, etc.) each year, and no funeral can be conducted on any of these occasions.
- Depending on the external celebration (feriatio), there are two types of feasts: festa fori, or feasts of precept, with a double obligation to rest from work and to attend Mass
- And festa chori (feasts observed solely in the liturgy), which are observed only by the celebration of Mass and the recitation of the Divine Office. In addition to these, there were, and still are, in some dioceses (for example, in Holland), the Half Holy Days, on which people can do servile work after hearing Mass (for example, Candlemas, Nativity of Mary, and the Immaculate Conception in the Diocese of Utrecht)
- And the Feast of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, which is celebrated on the Feast of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary. In accordance with the extension:universalfeasts, which are observed worldwide, at least in the Latin Church
- Specificfeasts, which are observed exclusively by specificreligious orders, nations, provinces, dioceses, or cities. Most of these latter days are either required by the general rubrics, such as the patronal feasts, or are specifically sanctioned by theApostolic See and prescribed bybishopsorsynods, such as for certain nations ordioceses (festa pro aliquibus locisin theBreviary). According to their position in the calendar, the universal feasts can be divided into two categories:movable feasts, which always fall on a specific day of the week, depending on the date of Easter, or on the position of Sunday, e.g. Ascension of Christ (forty days after Easter), or the Feast of the Holy Rosary, which falls on the first Sunday of October
- And immovable feasts, which are fixed to a specific date of the month, e.g. Christmas Except for six feasts: Epiphany, Purification (14 Febr.), Annunciation (7 April), Nativity (8 Sept.), Presentation (21 Nov.), and (8 Dec.) Conception of Mary (Tondini, “Calendrier liturgique de la Nation Arménienne”, Rome, 1906)
- According to the solemnity of the office or rite
- And according to the solemnity of the office or rite (seeCALENDAR). Traditionally, feasts are divided into three categories: simplex, semiduplex, and duplex, each of which is governed by the recitation of the Divine Office orBreviary. Since the thirteenth century, there have been three types of feasts: simplex, semiduplex, and duplex. The simple feast begins with the chapter (capitulum) of FirstVespers and concludes with None of the following days. It contains three lessons and takes the psalms of Matins from the ferial office
- The remainder of the office is similar to the semidouble in structure and function. The semidouble feast begins with two Vespers, continues with nine teachings in Matins, and concludes with Compline. The antiphons that precede the psalms are solely chanted. At least three “orationes,” or prayers, are always offered by the semidouble during the Mass. Antiphons are chanted in their full before and after the Psalms on a double feast day, as is customary. There are no saints’ suffragia during Lauds and Vespers, and the Mass has just one “oratio” (or chant) (if there be no commemoration prescribed). Ordinary double feasts are referred to as duplicia minora
- When they occur in conjunction with feasts of a higher rank, they can be simplified, with the exception of the octave days of particular feasts and the feasts of the Doctors of the Church, which are moved. There are three feasts of greater importance: theduplicia majora (instituted by Clement VIII), theduplicia secundae classis, and theduplicia primae classis (instituted by Clement VIII). Some of the octaves in the latter two classes are retained in the latter two classes. In many churches before Pope Pius V’s renovation of the Breviary in 1566-72, the phrases by which the solemnity of a feast may be recognized were substantially different from the terms we use today. Following are some instances from Grotefend’s “Zeitrechnung” and other works (Hanover, 1891-1898, II-III): In Chur’s words, “Festum summum, plenum officium, trium lectionum, commemoratio” means “summer festival.” “Festum summum, semisummum, secundum, tertium, novem majus, novem minus, compulsation 3 lect., antiphona,” writes Havelberg. “Festum summum, semisummum, secundum, tertium, novem majus, novem minus, compulsation 3 lect.” “Festum praepositi, apostolicum, dominicale, 9 lect., compulsation 3 lect., antiphona,” says Halle. “Festum praepositi, apostolicum, dominicale, 9 lect.” “Festum Triplex, duplex, 9 lectionum, 3 lect., commemoratio,” according to Breslau. “Festum Candelarum, capituli, 12 lect., missa, commemoratio,” according to the Carthusians. “Fest Praelatorum, canonicorum, vicariorum, duplex, simplex, 9 lect., 3 lect., memoria.”
- “Fest Praelatorum, canonicorum, vicariorum, duplex, simplex, 9 lect., memoria.”
- “Fest Prael
Some religious orders who have their own breviary did not use the terminology that are presently used in the Roman Breviary because they did not agree with them. The Cistercians, for example, use the following terminology: “Festum sermonis majus, sermonis minus, duarum missarum majus, 2 missarum minus, 12 lectionum, 3 lect., commemoratio,” which means “great sermon festival.” It is written in the Dominicans’ language: “Totum duplex, duplex, simplex, 3 lect., memory.” The Carmelites: “Duplex majus I.
- duplex majus 2.
- classis solemnis, dupl, maj.
- class There is a variation in dignity between feasts celebrated according to the same ritual.
- Secondary feasts are those that commemorate a particular feature of a mystery, such as the feast of the Crown of Thorns, or the feast of the relics of a saint or of a miracle performed by him, such as the feast of the translation of St. Stephen, or the feast of the Apparition of Our Lady of Guadalupe. Primary feasts commemorate the principal mysteries of our religion or celebrate the death of a saint
- Primary feasts commemorate the death of a saint According to a decree of the Sacred Congregation of Rites (dated August 22, 1893), a list of primary and secondary feasts has been established, and this list can be found in the Roman Breviary’s introduction. With regard to these two groups of holidays, the feasts of Christ take precedence, especially those with special vigils and octaves (Christmas, Epiphany, Easter, Pentecost, and Corpus Christi)
- Then come the feasts of the Blessed Virgin, the Holy Angels, St. John the Baptist, St. Joseph, the Apostles and Evangelists, and the other saints
- And finally, the feasts of the Holy Family.
KELLNER, Heortology (tr. London, 1909); PROBST, Liturgie des vierten Jahrhs. (Mainz, 1829); BENTRIUM, Denkwürdigen (Mainz, 1829); MAXIMILIAN, PRINCE OF SAXONY, Praelect. de Literis Orientalibus (Freiburg, 1908); Kirchliches Handlexicom (Münster, 1907); Kirchenlexicon(Frei (Paris, 1908).
About this page
Citation in the APA style. (1909). Feasts and Celebrations of the Church. It may be found in the Catholic Encyclopedia. The Robert Appleton Company is based in New York. citation. Frederick Holweck is the author of this work. “Ecclesiastical Feasts” is an abbreviation. The Catholic Encyclopedia, 6th edition. The Robert Appleton Company published this book in New York in 1909. Transcription. Vicky Gordon provided the transcription for this article for New Advent. Approval from the ecclesiastical authorities There isn’t a hindrance in sight.
Remy Lafort is the Censor of the film.
Farley, has issued an imprimatur.
Kevin Knight is the editor-in-chief of New Advent.
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