What Does Saint Augustine Grass Look Like


What to know about St. Augustine grass

When Inigo Lopez de Loyola was born into a small noble family in 1491, he was known as the “Son of the Most Holy Rosary.” Because he came from a semi-aristocratic family with limited resources, he acquired a rudimentary education. In his adolescence, he was assigned to the household of the chief treasurer of King Ferdinand of Aragon, where he received formal courtier training. The lifestyle was loose and rowdy for him when he was there. Later, in 1517, Inigo was drafted into the army. A cannon shot struck him while he attempted to defend an important bastion against the French at Pamplona, ending his military career and altering his life forever.

A chivalric literature collection had been ordered by him.

He began to think about his future while he was reading them.

While seeing himself wooing girls and partaking in heroic military deeds, he was left feeling empty and devoid of life.

  • In order to spend the remainder of his life seeing the locations where Christ lived and preached as well as where he suffered, died, and was resurrected, he resolved to conduct a religious pilgrimage to Jerusalem when he recovered.
  • The Black Madonna statue was where he spent the night in prayer, where he also lay down his sword and other valuables.
  • He dressed as a beggar and traveled there.
  • He prayed seven hours a day on occasion and worked in a tiny hospital in exchange for his board and lodging.
  • Infusing God’s insight into his mind in this way allowed him to see God at work in all things in a dynamic manner.
  • According to him, the revelations he had received were meant to be shared with others in order to assist them in becoming closer to God.
  • In the end, Ignatius’ resolve to spend the rest of his life traveling to the holy sites was reinforced when he finally arrived in Jerusalem.

He made a pledge to further his education upon his return to Barcelona, Spain, in order to better assist people when he arrived back in the country.

He went on to study at the University of Alcala, which is in Spain.

His next stop was Salamanca, where he attended the University.

Thus, he embarked on a research tour to Paris.

They aided Ignatius in his studies, and he in turn assisted them in their quest for connection with God and the Church.

Diego Lainez, Alfonso Salmaron, Nicolas Bobadilla, and Simon Rodriguez became friends in the Lord as they grew in their relationship with one another.

Because of battles in the Mediterranean, the band of pilgrims was unable to make it all the way to Israel.

They paused for prayer in a modest chapel in LaStorta, a small village just outside of Rome.

He had a vision of Jesus carrying the cross, with the Father at his side, which he described to me.

After saying this, the Father continued by saying, “I will be favorable to you in Rome.” Every evening in the spring of 1539, after a long day’s work, they gathered to determine the direction God was leading them.

There was complete agreement on the need to ask the Pope for permission to establish a new religious order inside the Church.

They would not pray the divine office together, and they would promise to go wherever the pope would direct them to.

A religious community in the Catholic Church was established on September 27, 1540, when the pope sanctioned this group of intellectuals.

Ignatius’ first objectives were to manage the ministry of the group, dispatch them to locations where they were requested or required, and draft official constitutions for the Society of Jesus, which was still in its early stages at the time.

His primary responsibility was to establish a community of apostles who, while being dispersed around the world, maintained a sense of unity of thought and heart with their fellow believers in the faith.

He would share these letters with the other Jesuits, and he would personally react to each and every one of individuals who had written to him.

Members of the Society of Jesus had grown to over a thousand people by the time of his death in 1556. They were strewn around Europe, India, Brazil, and Japan, in universities and residences of all sizes. In 1622, together with St. Francis Xavier, Ignatius was canonized as Saint Ignatius.

Maintenance needs

In 1491, Inigo Lopez de Loyola was born into a family of lesser nobility in the city of Loyola, Spain. He acquired a rudimentary education, as did many others from a semi-aristocratic social strata. When he was a youth, he was assigned to the household of the chief treasurer of King Ferdinand of Aragon, where he received training as a courtier. There, he led a carefree and rowdy lifestyle with friends. Then, in 1517, Inigo was drafted into the military. When he was injured by a cannon shot while defending a castle from the French at Pamplona, his military career was cut short and his life was forever altered.

  1. He suggested that I read books about chivalry for him.
  2. As he was reading them, he found himself daydreaming about the future.
  3. While seeing himself wooing girls and partaking in honorable military deeds, he was left feeling empty and desolate.
  4. In order to spend the remainder of his life seeing the locations where Christ lived and preached as well as where he suffered, died, and was resurrected, he planned to conduct a religious pilgrimage to Jerusalem after his recovery.
  5. He spent the night in prayer at the shrine, where he lay down his sword and ostentatious attire before the statue of the Black Madonna.
  6. He had intended to stay for a few days, but ended up staying for a year.
  7. Ignatius had a vision one day while praying on the banks of the river Cardoner, and it was the most crucial vision of his life.

He kept a journal of his various religious encounters.

The Book of the Spiritual Exercises was born out of these notes.

He was forced to abandon his intentions by the Franciscans, who declared they could not guarantee his safety and sent him back to Europe.

In 1524, he began his studies with children, with the goal of learning grammar.

However, he and his four friends were escorted out of town because they were deemed to be of questionable religious beliefs.

His theology and spirituality were called into doubt again again.

He shared a room with two other people, Peter Faber and Francis Xavier, in the residence where he was staying.

It was during their years of studies in Paris that Ignatius, Faber, and Xavier met and became friends with others.

After graduating in 1534, they made a commitment to go to Jerusalem and live a life of poverty.

As a result, Ignatius, Favre, and Lainez flew to Rome to present the group’s services to Pope Paul III.

One of Ignatius’ most well-known visions occurred while he was praying.

“I desire you to serve us,” Jesus stated to Ignatius.

During their debates, they came to the conclusion that working as a group, rather than as individuals, they might accomplish greater good.

It would be distinct from the typical monastic groups in that it would be secular.

Rather of calling the monastery “home,” they were to consider it “their abode.” They would be referred to as Jesus’ Companions.

Ignatius was elected as the group’s religious superior not long after.

Ignatius became a skilled strategist in the years that elapsed between his election as the first Superior General of the Society of Jesus and his death on July 31, 1556.

In order to do this, Ignatius ordered his soldiers to write letters detailing what they were doing.

Ignatius wrote thousands of letters during his lifetime, not just to Jesuits but also to laymen and women who were seeking spiritual guidance.

By the time of his death in 1556, the Society of Jesus had grown to over a thousand members. They were dispersed across Europe, India, Brazil, and Japan, in colleges and households. In 1622, Ignatius was elevated to the status of St. Ignatius, alongside St. Francis Xavier.

Common problems to watch for

In the case of St. Augustine grass, according to Orr, while fungal infections are frequent, they are sublethal to the turf, which means they are mostly aesthetic issues. “Brown patch is the one that I have the most trouble with,” Orr adds. “It generates these big crop circles in the lawn, but it does not destroy the grass; instead, it only knocks off the top leaves, which are immediately replaced by new leaves, and the lawn recovers. However, when it is present, it is really unsightly.” In addition to dollar spot and gray leaf spot, St.

  • However, these pathogens are extremely delicate, and altering one cultural environment might cause them to vanish completely.
  • Augustine is vulnerable to all of the illnesses that the other cities have,” but “zoysia when it hits dollar spot can be extremely severe, and most people don’t even realize it in St.
  • “Because St.
  • Augustine’s turfgrass is the presence of chinch bugs, which are devastating to this variety of turfgrass.
  • Augustine.” A chinch bug infestation has resulted in so extensive destruction that there is no hope of rehabilitation.
  • Everything has come to a close.” Fortunately, because they lack wings and travel slowly, chinch bugs are very straightforward to control.
  • In order to avoid Chinch bugs from building up thatch, it is necessary to implement cultural controls.

Common mistakes to avoid

Saint Augustine is not the turfgrass to recommend to your clients if they are looking for a warm-season grass that has excellent wear tolerance and drought tolerance. It is not durable enough to withstand regular foot usage. “It’s just not possible to play croquet on a St. Augustine grass,” adds Orr. “That is not what it is intended for.” He claims that the most common error he sees lawn care workers do is something he refers to as “grass leveling.” This is when a lawn care operator looks at the shortest grass on the lawn, sets his mower deck just below that height, and then mows the entire lawn at that height in an attempt to make it seem attractive, as opposed to cutting it shorter.

“It’s difficult to identify when the mow person did it since it takes months, if not a year, for the lawn to die as a result of this low mowing.” “Trying to persuade others is one of the most difficult things in the world.” They believe that a grass must be at least half an inch tall in order to be considered a lawn.

Augustine will die within a year if you mow it down to less than 3 inches in height.” Another concern arises when personnel use string trimmers to bevel the edges of the grass in close proximity to hardscaped surfaces such as sidewalks or roads.

“A lot of it might be resolved by weed eating at the same height as the mower, or at a height that corresponds to the mower height,” says the author.

If you’re thinking about utilizing any of the newer cultivars of St. Augustine, Orr recommends that you proceed with caution, since they have a different set of difficulties than the tried and tested kinds like ‘Floratam,’ which has its own set of faults, but they’re all readily remedied.

All About St. Augustine Sod

Saint Augustine is not the turfgrass to recommend to clients who are looking for a warm-season grass with exceptional wear tolerance. Foot traffic on it is too much for it to withstand. In St. Augustine, “you just can’t play croquet on the grass,” says Orr. In this case, “that’s not what it’s intended for.” He claims that the most common error he sees lawn care professionals do is what he refers to as “grass leveling.” Basically, it’s when a lawn care operator checks at the shortest grass on the lawn, sets his mower deck at a height slightly below that height, then mows the entire lawn at that height in an attempt to make it seem neat and orderly.

  1. “What they wind up doing is cutting it shorter and shorter until it ultimately dies,” he adds.
  2. St.
  3. The usage of string trimmers to bevel the edges of grass near hardscaped surfaces, such as sidewalks and driveways, is another source of controversy.
  4. Also, Orr cautions landscapers who are considering utilizing some of the newer cultivars of St.
The History of St. Augustine Grass

Saint Augustine is not the turfgrass for your customers who are looking for a warm-season grass with exceptional wear tolerance. It is not able to withstand frequent foot traffic. “You just cannot play croquet on a lawn in St. Augustine,” explains Orr. “That’s not what it’s for,” says the author. Lawn leveling, according to Orr, is the most common error he sees lawn care workers do. This is when a lawn care operator checks at the shortest grass on the lawn, puts his mower deck just below that height, then mows the entire lawn at that height in an attempt to make it seem nice.

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“Trying to persuade others is the most difficult thing in the world.” They believe that a grass must be at least a half inch tall in order to be considered a lawn.

Augustine to less than 3 inches in height, it will die within one year.” The usage of string trimmers to bevel the edges of grass near hardscaped surfaces, such as sidewalks and driveways, is another source of concern.

Orr also urges caution for landscapers who are contemplating utilizing any of the newer cultivars of St. Augustine, since they have a distinct set of difficulties as compared to tried and true kinds like ‘Floratam,’ which has its own set of problems, but these are readily remedied.

If your customers are looking for a warm-season grass with exceptional wear tolerance, St. Augustine is not the turfgrass for them. It is not designed to withstand frequent foot usage. “It’s just not possible to play croquet on a St. Augustine grass,” Orr explains. “That’s not what it’s intended for.” The most common error that Orr observes lawn care workers doing is what he refers to as “grass leveling.” This is when a lawn care operator checks at the shortest grass on the lawn, puts his mower deck just below that height, then mows the entire lawn at that height in an attempt to make it seem nice.

  1. “It’s the most difficult thing in the world to try to persuade somebody.” They believe that a grass must be half an inch tall in order to be considered a lawn.
  2. Augustine to less than 3 inches in height, it will die within a year.” Another issue occurs when employees use string trimmers to bevel the edges of the grass near hardscaped surfaces such as walkways and roads.
  3. “A lot of it might be resolved by weed eating at the same height as the mower, or at a height that matches the mower height.” Orr also urges caution for landscapers who are contemplating utilizing any of the newer cultivars of St.
  4. Seville, Raleigh, and Sapphire are seen above, in order from left to right.
  5. Augustine grass has been propagated vegetatively, which means that it is created from stolons, plugs, sod pods, or sod.
  6. Augustine grass seed available, these strains are better suited for decorative and novelty purposes than for usage as turfgrass for lawns; in fact, there is no such thing as St.
  7. It is not possible to commercialize St.
  8. Consequently, grass propagation seeds are not manufactured and are thus not accessible for purchase at your local garden shop or other retail establishments.
Facts About St. Augustine Grass

St. Augustine grass may be found throughout the eastern coast of the United States, from the Carolinas to Florida, and along the western coast, from the Gulf Coast to Texas, as well as in Southern and Central California, as well as in the Caribbean and the Caribbean Islands.

It is just the stolons of this perennial turfgrass that are visible above ground, not the rhizomes. In California and other southern parts of the United States, it is commonly known to as “Carpet Grass.” Find out more about the differences between stolons and rhizomes by visiting this page.

St. Augustine Characteristics and Traits

With a very thick grass blade that rounds at the top and becomes more compacted as it gets closer to the soil, St. Augustine grass has a coarse texture and a coarse texture. It has a dark green hue and broad, flat blades that may be arranged in a thick layer to make a dense covering of grass. It does not contain rhizomes, in contrast to bermuda grass, which is its main competitor in the warmer temperatures and tropics of the United States. St. Augustine is a stoloniferous species that takes root at the nodes of the stems and branches.

Photo credit: Among the warm-season grasses, St.

In addition, as compared to zoysia or bermuda grass, St.

It may thrive in a broad variety of soil types with pH levels ranging from 5.0 to 8.5.

AdvantagesDisadvantages of a St. Augustine Lawn


  • In comparison to other warm-season turfgrasses, it does better in the shade. Tolerates coastal and saline soil conditions. The color of this grass retains its vibrancy in drought circumstances when compared to other warm-season grasses. It has thick growth that makes it difficult for weeds to compete
  • Moderate foot traffic is tolerated, and the plant recovers quickly from injuries. As soon as it emerges from dormancy, it displays a spectacular spring green up
  • When used in hot, tropical regions, it performs exceptionally well.


  • In cooler conditions, it may not perform as well. Those who are less likely to withstand a lengthy drought Unlike other warm-season grasses, it does not tolerate heavy traffic as well. Pests and illnesses are a threat to this crop. Because of over-fertilization, it produces thatch.
St. Augustine Establishment

St. Augustine, like other warm-season turfgrass types, is introduced by the use of sod, plugs, sod pods, or stolons, just like other warm-season turfgrass variations. According to the information previously provided, St. Augustine seed is not a feasible option for lawns. It is not possible to commercialize St. Augustine grasses because they do not generate enough viable seed. Consequently, grass propagation seeds are not manufactured and are thus not accessible for purchase at your local garden shop or other retail establishments.

  1. Augustine sod is the best choice for sod installation in your yard because of its durability and low maintenance.
  2. Augustine grass plugs or sod pods are also excellent alternatives.
  3. Augustine, be sure to check out the Lawnifi® New Lawn Starter Box for further information.
  4. Augustine lawn with the nutrients it need.
General Maintenance for St. Augustine

The care of St. Augustine grass varies depending on the season of the year; nevertheless, it should normally be mowed at a height of two to four inches in height. Because you will be mowing less frequently in the autumn and winter months, you should leave your St. Augustine grass a little taller than usual at this time. It will promote deeper root development in preparation for the winter. This may be accomplished by raising the mower height settings by one notch. In addition, your St. Augustine will require around one inch of water each week, including rainfall.

St. Augustine Fertilization

It is critical to fertilize your established St. Augustine grass in order to ensure that your lawn receives the nutrients it requires. If your soil is somewhat acidic, make sure to use a fertilizer that contains iron as well as other micronutrients. Lawnifi’s Fertilizer Program, which includes seasonal boxes for the spring, summer, and fall, is recommended by Sod Solutions.

To accommodate customers who prefer conventional fertilizers, Lawnifi now provides a granular formulation called Lawnifi Foundation. You may find out more about Lawnifi by reading our article entitled Why Use Lawnifi Fertilizer?

St. Augustine Insect and Disease Control

If you see insect damage in St. Augustine, make careful to apply a broad-spectrum pesticide like as Bifen L/P to protect your plants from future infestations. Keep a watch out for white grub worms, which are also common. You should be prepared to treat your St. Augustine lawn with a systemic fungicide if you have had a fungal or disease outbreak in the past. This is especially important in the spring and autumn when soil temperatures begin to shift, as this will help avoid repeat outbreaks. St.

  1. Because it thrives in the shade, it becomes more susceptible to illness as the amount of sunshine it receives decreases.
  2. Before using a product, make sure to read the label.
  3. Augustine, FL Pre-emergent herbicides should be used in the spring and autumn to assist control weeds in this turfgrass, as is the case with other turfgrasses.
  4. St.
  5. Apply a post-emergent containing the active ingredient atrazine to your St.
  6. Augustine and Centipede, if you are finding weeds in your lawn.
  7. More information on the differences between broadleaf and grassy weeds may be found in our article on Identifying Common Lawn Weeds.
  8. Augustine Homeowner Maintenance Guide for more information on care rules, as well as seasonal maintenance advice for the spring, summer, and fall seasons.
  9. Augustine and Palmetto St.
Sod Solutions St. Augustine Varieties

Sod Solutions has a number of high-quality St. Augustine turfgrass cultivars, all of which are available for purchase. Some of the greatest varieties include Palmetto® St. Augustine and CitraBlueTM St. Augustine, both of which are available as sod or grass plugs, and both of which are native to Florida. Palmetto is also available as sod pods, which are somewhat bigger than plugs and are used to create sod beds. Palmetto is the most widely planted patented turfgrass in the world, having been planted in more than 1.5 billion square feet.

Augustine sod was specifically chosen for its finer texture and better color.

A large variety of climatic and soil conditions are compatible with its viability, which explains its appeal in residential, recreational, and commercial uses.

Augustine grass species that is becoming more popular. Its strong blue-green tint has a striking visual impact on residential lawns and landscapes. More information on the creation of this new turfgrass type may be found here.

Sod Solutions also has Floratam St. Augustine sod and sod pods, as well as Raleigh St. Augustine sod, among other varieties. Each type has its own unique set of traits. Consider looking at their individual sites to have a better understanding of which kind is most appropriate for you and your environment. St. Augustine sod and St. Augustine plug variants may be found here, as well as other St. Augustine products. Learning about the different varieties of turfgrasses is quite important because it allows you to make the best option possible when it comes to choosing your new lawn depending on the amount of time and effort you will be putting into it.

Those who are interested in the aesthetic of a St.

Augustine Grass Varieties, which can be found here.

Individual articles on other grass kinds, such as zoysia, bermuda grass, and centipede, have also been published on the Sod University website.

St. Augustine Grass vs Bermuda Grass: Differences, Pictures, Comparison

Saint Augustine grass and Bermuda grass are two of the best warm-season lawn grasses available. If you live in a warm climate and want to have a beautiful lawn, these are the plants you should choose. Some individuals opt to seed or sod with a combination of the two turfgrasses, while others choose to seed or sod with only one. Should you use Bermuda grass or St. Augustine grass for your landscaping project? Finally, Bermuda grass is particularly drought-resistant and can withstand hot temperatures in the summer without needing to be watered, but St.

  • Another significant distinction is that St.
  • Picks for the moment: If you are only interested in my recommendations, then these are appropriate options.
  • Affiliate links and pictures were obtained from the Amazon Product Advertising API on the 29th of July, 2021.
  • Augustine, consider the following plugs: However, in St.

Get St. Augustine Sod or Plugs Sent Directly To Your Door

Whether you reside in Texas, Florida, or other regions where the climate is a little warmer than the rest of the United States, you should carefully analyze the differences, advantages, and disadvantages of these two types of grass before planting them in your lawn. Let’s go a little further and examine the similarities and contrasts between these two outstanding turfgrasses.

St. Augustine Grass vs Bermuda Grass – Differences

Daffodils, crabgrass, and even quackgrass are all smothered by both grasses, which makes them excellent weed killers.

As a result of the ability of both St. Augustine grass and Bermuda grass to grow thick and lush, there is little area for weeds to develop and compete with your turfgrass for nutrients and water.

St. Augustine Grass Bermuda Grass
It requires at least 5 hours of direct sunlight to grow and thrive really well. However, St. Augustine grass can do better than Bermuda in low light conditions. Bermuda grass requires full sunlight all day long to grow optimally. Less sunlight will retard its growth due to reduced photosynthesis.
St. Augustine requires twice as much water as Bermuda grass – ¾ inch to 1 ½ inches of water per week. This may be up-to 4 times of watering per week in summer. Bermuda lawns require watering three times a week during summer and can go without watering in winter because of dormancy.
St. Augustine grass is a fertilizer-intensive grass, needing to be fertilized every two months or with a slow-release nitrogen fertilizer every 10 weeks. It is recommended that you fertilizeoverseeded Bermuda grass, and do so twice – in December and February.
The easiest way to establish a St. Augustine lawn is using sod. A Bermuda lawn is best established from grass seed.
Saint Augustine grass has a higher tolerance for shade. Bermuda grass does not tolerate shade at all.
Mainly used for lawns. Bermuda grass can be grown for hay, on golf courses, and as a lawn grass.
Does not do well with foot traffic stress. Highly tolerant to foot traffic and stress.
St. Augustine lawns are expensive to maintain because they require frequent fertilization, mowing and watering. A Bermuda lawn is less expensive and easier to establish a thicker turf with frequent mowing.

Appearance Bermuda grass has small flat leaves and huge flat stems, whereas St. Augustine has long flat stems and broad coarse leaves. Bermuda grass is distinguished by its spikelets, which are produced in four or five slender spikes at the terminals of the upright stems and are easily distinguished from other grasses. Tolerance to Weeds Plants such as St. Augustine and Bermuda grass are extremely weed resistant. They spread quickly and thickly, providing a dense, complete lawn as a result. As a result, they are able to crowd out and kill weeds on their own, reducing the need for you to use a lot of lawn weed killer.

Augustine grass on your lawn.

St. Augustine Grass Identification (Pictures)

St. Agustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) thrives in tropical and subtropical regions, with the exception of the Arctic. Since of the warmth, coastal places are ideal because grass thrives in heat and does badly in chilly climates, making them ideal for growing grass. It is commonly described as a dark green lawn grass with broad, flat leaves that is commonly seen in lawns. It spreads quickly, crowding and choking off weeds in its path. It is similar to Bermuda grass in that it distributes above-ground runners (also known as stolons) and grows into a thick, dense turf rather quickly.

Augustine grass cultivars have been produced, including Floratam, Palmetto, Floratine, St.

Floratam is a tall, erect grass with a tufted appearance.

Augustine grass: Floratam Soda (Floratam Soda) Soda en Seville

Bermuda Grass Identification (with Pictures)

Bermuda grass, also known as Cynodon dactylon, is characterized by its relatively small blades, which range in length from 2 to 15 cm. The color of the leaves appears to be grey-green. The root system is extensive, although the stems are somewhat flat and can reach heights of up to 30 cm when standing upright. Mowing your grass on a regular basis encourages lateral development, which makes your lawn thick and lush. When the grass’s nodes come into contact with the ground, the grass will grow and expand laterally on the surface, producing new leaves and shoots in the process.

Here’s a snapshot of Bermuda grass to assist you in making the correct classification: Bermuda Grass (Long Bermuda Grass) Bermuda Sod on a Bed of Rolls

Which One to Choose

The type of grass you pick for your lawn will be determined by your own tastes as well as the layout of your lawn. Is your yard surrounded by trees that provide shade? If your yard is surrounded by trees and buildings that obstruct the majority of the day’s sunlight, I would highly advise you to grow St. Augustine grass instead. If, on the other hand, your lawn receives direct sunshine throughout the day, Bermuda grass is a superior choice since it thrives in full-sun circumstances. What kind of foot traffic do you expect on your lawn?

  1. Some grass species fare well when subjected to high foot traffic, whereas others do not.
  2. Augustine grass does not tolerate a lot of foot traffic.
  3. Both Bermuda and St.
  4. When it comes to seeding your grass, you can use any of the two options or a combination of seeds and sod.
  5. Augustine grass, especially if you mow it on a regular basis.
  6. When I was a kid, my family had one of the greatest lawns in the area, and I remember being quite proud of it.

It’s a rich and vibrant green. As I grew older, I was responsible for a great deal of lawn care and maintenance, not just for my family’s lawn but also for the lawns of my neighbors. Having had many years of professional expertise, I can confidently state that I am here to share it with you.

9 Types Of St. Augustine Grass – Growing and Care Guide (With Pictures)

St. Augustine is the only other turf grass that is as common and as well-known as St. Augustine, and it is also the most expensive. It is well-known as an excellent turf grass as well as a forage/pasture grass that grows naturally in coastal locations. Furthermore, despite the fact that it is a seasoned warm climate grass, it may be able to endure shady conditions. However, there is no such thing as a perfectgrass type, and if you intend to doze in your money on it, you must first learn everything there is to know about it, which is the subject of this piece.

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What is St. Augustine grass?

Stenotaphrum secundatum is the scientific name for this particular grass. It is a strong and thick perennial grass that grows best in hotter regions but may even withstand shade in some situations. It grows well in well-draining soils and may survive with only a small amount of salt. Because of its hardiness range of 8-10, it produces blades with a gritty texture and unique deep green to blue green hues. It is considered to be the simplest grass to care for, and, unlike Bermuda and zoysia, it does not become dormant instantly during the winter months, according to several agronomists.

What does St. Augustine grass look like?

For starters, unlike Bermuda, St. Augustine is not a rhizomatous plant like Bermuda. As previously stated, the deep green to bluish green hue of St. Augustine grass distinguishes it from other types of grass. The leaves of this plant have a gritty feel. When it comes to the stalks, they are thick and rounded at the top, becoming more compact as it descends. It grows in stolons and roots, which are connected by nodes. As a warm season grass, it is one of the most shade tolerant species available.

What are the benefits of St. Augustine grass?

There are a variety of reasons why St. Augustin grass is such a popular option for lawns. The following are some of the many grass advantages that it provides.

  • While most warm season grasses cannot survive in cooler climates, the St. Augustine can survive in colder climates and can grow in gloomy situations. It retains its rich green color during the winter seasons, as opposed to other warm-season grasses, which become dormant quickly after being cut. In addition, it has a strong recuperative capability and can withstand moderate to heavy foot activity. It may grow in a wide range of soil types, including coastal and high-saline soils.

Additionally, the advantages of St. Augustine grass extend beyond its use as a turf grass and include several other advantages. Among other things, it is employed in fodder production because to the specific nutritional content it provides for grazing animals. Beyond that, its thick growth is recognized for limiting weed development in the garden, allowing you to save money on pesticides and, most importantly, on the natural nutritional content of the soil. However, it is most commonly employed as a living sod in various plantations around the United States, notably in coffee, banana, macadamia, coconut, and papaya cropping systems.

St. Augustine grass pictures

As previously said, the St. Augustine has a number of fundamental traits and benefits, therefore it is only fair to illustrate what it looks like. Here are some photos of the historic city of St. Augustine.

Types of St. Augustine grass

Because it is a popular turf grass choice, the St. Augustine grass species and cultivars are always being improved. Currently, there are three species (Raleigh, Palmetto, and Floratam) and eleven cultivars available.

Despite the fact that it does not generate its own seed and that there is no seed available for purchase on the market, the demand for it continues to be high due to the beneficial properties of the plant. As a result, below is a list of the most common St. Augustine grass varieties available.

1. Seville St. Augustine Grass

This St. Augustine grass has made a name for itself in residential landscaping, and it deserves to be recognized. It is one of those dwarf cultivars, yet it works exceptionally well in a variety of situations. Besides having strong color retention even during the winter and being able to withstand dryness, shade, salt, and all pH ranges from acidic to alkaline, it also has excellent drought tolerance. After it has established its roots, it requires little upkeep in most cases.

2. Raleigh St. Augustine Grass

This one is a cold-hardy cultivar that was created in Raleigh, North Carolina in the 1980s, thus the name “Raleigh.” It can withstand temperatures of up to 10 degrees Celsius and has a lighter green hue and gritty texture, as well as being disease resistant. It prefers heavy, clayey soils with abundant organic matter, and will flourish in soils with pH values ranging from 5.5 to 6.5. It is well-known for being drought, cold, and shadow resistant, but at the same time, it is also notorious for turning yellow and stunting growth when exposed to extremely high temperatures, despite the fact that it is thought to be the cultivar that requires regular, direct sunlight.

3. Palmetto St. Augustine grass – Best Shade Grass

Even though this St. Augustine grass is frequently likened to the Raleigh grass, it is rather unique in its own right in many ways. For starters, Palmetto is a native St. Augustine cultivar that has a finer texture and a more uniform green hue than other cultivars. It is a dwarf kind, like Seville and Delmar, but it will not produce excessive thatch, unlike the other two varieties. Palmetto is noted for having higher tolerance to shade, drought, cold/frost, and salt when compared to its cultivar counterparts.

4. Floratam St. Augustine grass

This is the third natural species of St. Augustine grass, and it is the most extensively cultivated and commercially sold since it requires the least amount of upkeep, and as a result, it is the most cost-effective as well. It is the most actively growing and coarsest-textured of all the species. Both drought and disease resistance were considered important factors in the development of this plant (which includes brown bug, chinch bug, downy mildew, green leaf spot and the SAD virus). It is also regarded as the most drought-tolerant of all the St.

5. Mercedes St. Augustine grass

Originally designed by the University of Florida in the 1980s, it has a similar appearance to the Raleigh and was introduced into cultivation in 1989. Roots are produced through the stolon and in a rhizomatic manner. It can withstand drought and shadow conditions. It is also quite adaptable to moderate to large traffic volumes as well. The wear resistance and recuperative capacity of this material are also excellent.

The fact that it keeps its blue-green hue even when the temperature drops to a low level makes it a favorite of both residential and commercial property owners. It is, on the other hand, extremely vulnerable to chinch bugs.

6. Sapphire St. Augustine Grass

In addition to having the fastest lateral growth rate of any of the varieties, it also has a high recuperative potential, which allows it to revive blank spots and wear faster than the others. It is also renowned for having the most vibrant blue-green hue of any of the species. Plants that grow well in subtropical regions and are very drought resistant are particularly desirable. You should be aware, however, that it is not very vulnerable to illnesses, particularly brown fungus. This means that you must re-sod your lawn on an annual basis, which means that you must make a larger financial investment.

7. Bitter-Blue St. Augustine Grass

It is one of the oldest developed forms of the St. Augustine, dating back to the 18th century. It is denser, finer, and has a stronger blue-green tint than the previous kind. While it has strong cold and drought resistance, it does not perform as well as Seville and Palmetto in terms of quality. It is, however, salt tolerant and can withstand mild foot traffic conditions. There are certain disadvantages to it, though, including the fact that it is not immune to gray leaf spots or chinch bugs.

8. Evergreen St. Augustine Grass

It is a semi-dwarf cultivar that is distinguished by its plusher, dark-green color and narrower and shorter blade leaves compared to other varieties. It is ranked among the top ten most shade-tolerant St. Augustine grasses, yet it also thrives in full sun and partial shade. It is also noted for its excellent color retention, which allows it to return to its natural green color more quickly than other grass kinds after being exposed to the cold of winter. It is also one of the few grass species that can hold its color far into the fall.

9. Delmar St. Augustine Grass

It is distinguished by its emerald green hue and medium coarse texture, which make it stand out from the crowd. Water tolerance is moderate, and it tolerates shade to a reasonable degree as well. Additionally, when it becomes dormant in the winter, it will become golden brown. Nonetheless, when it comes to cold resistance, it is the highest-ranking St. Augustine cultivar available on the market. Once it has established its roots, it will become low-maintenance in nature. Overall, it is a suitable choice for both residential and commercial applications because of its wear and disease resistance, which is just average.

Which St. Augustine grass is best for shade?

Its emerald green hue and fairly coarse texture distinguish it from other types of wood. Water tolerance is moderate, and it tolerates shade to a reasonable extent as well. When it goes dormant in the winter, it will also turn a golden brown.

Nonetheless, when it comes to cold resistance, it remains the most well regarded St. Augustine cultivar. Once it has established its roots, it will become low-maintenance. Overall, it is a fantastic choice for both residential and commercial applications because of its wear and disease resistance.

Is St. Augustine a good grass?

The fact that St. Augustine consistently ranks among the top three grass kinds regarded to be the greatest turf grasses is sufficient evidence that it is an excellent grass. In particular, it is a good grass for four reasons: one, it is drought and shade tolerant; two, most of its cultivars can thrive in cold weather, with high color retention to last through the fall and to return to full green sooner than other grasses after the winter; three, it is relatively low-maintenance once it has established roots; and four, it is disease and wear resistant in most cases.

Is common St. Augustine grass good for lawns?

The fact that St. Augustine consistently ranks among the top three grass varieties regarded to be the greatest turf grasses is sufficient evidence that it is an excellent grass in its own right. To be more specific, it is a good grass for four reasons: one, it is drought and shade tolerant; two, most of its cultivars can thrive in cold weather, with high color retention to last through the fall and return to full green faster than others after the winter; three, it is relatively low-maintenance once it has established roots; and four, it is disease and wear resistant in most cases.

What grass can I mix with St. Augustine?

When it comes to creating a continuous dense turf that is drought, shadow, heavy foot traffic, and wear tolerant, there are only a few grass varieties that can be combined with St. Augustine. Bermuda grass (never hybrid forms), buffalo grass, and zoysia were the grasses that would be sown in this area. Mixing St. Augustine with other grass kinds except these is not suggested since it will result in overseeding, which will result in increased management requirements.

How to grow and care for St. Augustine grass

All other warm-season grasses, including St. Augustine grass, are propagated by seed. St. Augustine grass, however, does not reproduce through seed. The vegetative procedure is employed to grow this grass, which means that you may use plugs or sod to plant St. Augustine grass in your garden. You will need to water and fertilize the lawn often for the following four to six months in order for the sod to completely cover the turf. After the roots have been developed for eight months, you may go on to the ‘care’ portion of the process.


Mowing is required on a regular basis in St. Augustine. It is necessary to keep the grass blades at 3-4 inches in length or else the grass blades would get thinner over time. It is possible that you may need to mow your lawn every two weeks during the summer, and less frequently during the spring and fall. It is best to wait for it to green up following dormancy before mowing if it is cultivated in a colder region.


We all know that it grows densely, which is why you’ll need an aerator since you’ll only have to do this once a year, in the early spring, if you don’t have one. However, there are certain important aspects to keep in mind. Wait until the turf has reached 75 percent of its full color and has reached a temperature greater than 65 degrees before playing.


Although a minimum amount of thatch is beneficial for development, we all know that when it becomes excessive, it causes more harm than good.

Dethatching it in the spring is the most suggested time, but you must first mow the turf at a height of around 2 inches. Furthermore, after dethatching, you must thoroughly water the entire grass.


This procedure is also carried out in the spring. It is necessary to maintain the proper pH level for the soil, and it is beneficial to add iron fertilizer on a regular basis as well. It is also necessary to fertilize it every 6-8 weeks throughout its early growth stage as well.

St. Augustine grass diseasesproblems

If your St. Augustine grass is becoming yellow, there are three key causes for this: one, the soil is short in nitrogen; two, the grass is suffering from root rot caused by fungus; and three, a chinch bug infestation. The use of an iron-nitrogen solution or herbicide would be a good all-around remedy in this situation.

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St. Augustine grass brown patch and how to treat

The brown patch illness is a frequent summer ailment that occurs when the temperature increases above 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Rhizoctonia, a big brown fungus, is responsible for its development. It mostly affects the crown of the leaves, although it does not reach the root of the plant. The intervention would be the application of a powerful fungicide in order to address this condition.

Dead spots in St. Augustine grass

Insects, notably chinch bugs, are frequently responsible for the appearance of dead patches. They particularly like niching around the base of the grass’s stems. It causes yellow patches to appear at first, and if left unchecked, will eventually turn into lifeless areas. A layer of mulch on top of the lawn would be sufficient.

Purple tips on St. Augustine grass

It is not necessary to be frightened if the tips of St. Augustine’s thorns become purple. This is simply a natural reaction of grasses when they are subjected to climatic stress, indicating that they are still adapting to the unexpected changes in temperature and precipitation. When this occurs, all that is required is a light trimming of the purple tips and the use of a decent herbicide.

How to make St. Augustine grass spread quickly

The population of St. Augustine is growing at a slower rate than that of Bermuda. It is recommended that you plant plugs or sods throughout the summer months in the appropriate type of soil to ensure that the grass spreads fast (sandy, clay with pH levels from 5.8-8). Make certain that it is also well-aerated and that it receives frequent watering in order to facilitate root establishment and leaf development as quickly as possible. The finishing touch should be the addition of nitrogen, iron, and phosphorus.

St. Augustine grass vs Bermuda grass

These are the most widely used seed and sod varieties on the market today. While they may be used together as turf grass, most people choose to use only one of them, particularly when re-sodding. There are several significant distinctions between the two, however:

  • Bermuda is shade resistant, but St. Augustine is not
  • Bermuda is able to survive the warm months without a lot of water, whereas St. Augustine is not
  • Bermuda does not require intensive fertilization, but St. Augustine does
  • Bermuda is able to withstand significant foot traffic, but St. Augustine is unable

St. Augustine grass vs Zoysia grass

Zoysia is another common turf grass alternative, similar to St. Augustine, and they have significant distinctions in terms of color, upkeep, cost-effectiveness, and recuperative ability, among other things.

  • Zoysia has a deep to pale green color, whereas St. Augustine has a deep green to blue green color
  • Zoysia requires more maintenance, detailed care, and frequent watering and fertilizing, whereas St. Augustine requires less
  • When it comes to sods, sod installation, and sod upkeep, St. Augustine is the more affordable option, but Zoysia is the more expensive one. In contrast to Zoysia, which turns green just after the winter and into the late spring, St. Augustine can turn green as soon as the temperature rises over 10 degrees.

St. Augustine grass vs centipede

Zoysia has a deep to pale green color, whereas St. Augustine has a deep green to blue green color; Zoysia requires more maintenance, detailed care, and frequent watering and fertilizing, whereas St. Augustine requires less; Zoysia requires more maintenance, detailed care, and less frequent watering and fertilizing; Zoysia requires more maintenance, detailed care, and less frequent watering and fertilizing; When it comes to sods, sod installation, and sod upkeep, St. Augustine is the less costly option, but Zoysia is the more expensive one.

Augustine can turn green as soon as the temperature rises over 10 degrees.


To summarize, there is a great deal to learn about St. Augustine. For starters, it contains cultivars with distinct traits and requirements that must be taken into consideration. Aside from that, it has the same growth and maintenance requirements as all other grasses, regardless of how tough it may appear to be at times. However, given the profile of St. Augustine that has been stated here, it is an excellent grass to utilize as a turf cover and for other purposes.


Planting plugs of existing grass is a simple method to get a St. Augustine lawn up and running. It takes time for the plugs, which are rooted pieces of sod, to fill up the spaces between them and create a lush, attractive lawn. St. Augustine sod may be purchased, although it is more costly than other types of sod.

When to Plant St. Augustine Grass

During the warm months of spring and summer, when high temperatures are often 80-100 degrees Fahrenheit, St. Augustine grass thrives at its optimum. Plant St. Augustine grass plugs or sod in full sun at least 90 days before the first expected autumn frost in your location to ensure that the grass has enough time to establish itself and become established.

How to Plant St. Augustine Grass

  1. Calculate the Size of Your Lawn Determine the precise measurements of the area you’ll be planting in order to guarantee that you get enough St. Augustine grass plugs for your needs. It will take around 32 square feet of plugs to cover a tray of 18 plugs. Prepare the Workspace You may rent a sod cutter to remove the old sod and plants from an existing lawn if you are replacing it. In the following step, spray a non-selective herbicide to eliminate weeds 2 weeks before planting
  2. Make sure you choose a product that doesn’t leave a residual that might affect the freshly planted Saint Augustine grass. If you simply have a few weeds here and there, you may hand-pull them
  3. However, make sure to get the entire root system out of the way. In any other case, they will crop up again while your plugs are establishing themselves. Apply EZ PatchTM Lawn Repair to the lawn. Apply Scotts® EZ PatchTM Lawn Repair for St. Augustine Lawns evenly across the planting area, making sure that no bare ground is apparent in the finished product. Scotts® EZ PatchTM contains fertilizer as well as a mulch that may absorb up to six times its weight in water, allowing St. Augustine grass plugs to fill in more quickly. Ensure that the ground is well hydrated. Before you start planting, make sure the area is completely watered. Watering makes the earth more pliable and provides instant moisture to the roots of the St. Augustine grass plugs that have been planted. The water you apply should soak into the soil rather than remaining on the surface. Allow for several minutes’ worth of watering until the EZ PatchTM is totally saturated and no more water is absorbed
  4. This might take several minutes. Start DiggingNow comes the exciting part. Prepare the holes in a diagonal planting pattern, such that each set of four holes makes a diamond shape. The holes themselves should be 12 inches apart from one another (so holes across the center of each diamond will be 15 inches apart). Each hole should be slightly bigger in diameter than the plug’s root ball, but the same depth as the plug’s root ball. A grass plugging tool can also be purchased or rented at a local hardware shop or from an internet retailer. This tool creates perfectly-sized plug-sized holes with a lot less effort on your side than other tools. Put Your Plugs in the Proper Places One plug should be securely inserted into each hole, with each plug being level with the surrounding ground. Alternatively, if your holes wind up being too deep, you may fill in the gaps with a little amount of nutrient-rich soil. Continue to water the plants. Water the plugs once a day or as often as necessary until they are well planted and have begun to spread. It will generally take 7-14 days for the roots to become established in this manner. Following that, water your grass once a week unless you have had a lot of rain. Keep an eye out for bugs and diseases. Lawns of St. Augustine grass that have just been planted require care while they are establishing themselves. Both the roots and the grass are vulnerable to pests and diseases. Keep a tight eye on your grass. If you notice any brown spots or mildew beginning to grow on your plants, contact your local extension service for treatment recommendations.

Maintaining Your New St. Augustine Grass Lawn

As soon as your new St. Augustine grass lawn begins to fill in and the grass blades have reached an appropriate height for mowing, use a mower set to one of the highest settings to trim the grass (3-4 inches). When the leaf blades begin to fold and become bluish-green in color, it is time to water your lawn. Feed your lawn with Scotts® Turf Builder® Southern Lawn Food six to eight weeks after planting. Continue to feed the lawn every 6-8 weeks until the grass has completely filled in on the surface.

Choose the Right Spreader for Your Lawn

St. Augustine grass
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Genus: Stenotaphrum
Species: S. secundatum
Binomial name
Stenotaphrum secundatum(Walt.)Kuntze

Stenotaphrum secundatum, also known asbuffalo turf in Australia and buffalo grass in South Africa, is a warm-seasonlawngrass that is popular for cultivation in tropical and subtropical climates. It is also known as buffalo turf in Australia and buffalo grass in South Africa. It is a medium-to-high-maintenance grass that grows in thick, carpet-like mats, squeezing out most weeds and other grasses in its path of growth.


St. Augustine is a dark green grass with broad, flat blades that grows in the southern United States. It spreads through aboveground stolons, often called as “runners,” and develops a dense coating on the ground. Grass may be found on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean, in areas as diverse as the southeastern United States, Texas, Mexico, Central and South America, and the Caribbean. It has evaded cultivation in California, Hawaii, a number of Pacific islands, South Africa, and New Zealand, among other places.

Augustine grass may be found throughout much of the Caribbean and Mediterranean regions.

It may be found in large numbers in lagoons and marshes, along shorelines, and everywhere there is a lot of water to be found.

Planting and propagation

Because economically useful and viable seed for St. Augustine has just recently been accessible, the plant has traditionally been propagated through plugs, sprigs, or sod instead.

Once the grass has been planted, it will be able to reproduce on its own. St. Augustine can thrive in a broad variety of soil types with pH values ranging from 5.0 to 8.5. It typically blooms throughout the spring and summer months.


St. Augustine grass is a kind of grass that is typically seen in pastures and on ranches. It is a common lawn grass that competes with Bermudagrass in terms of popularity, albeit St. Augustine is somewhat less drought resistant.


A variety of cultivars have been created, including:

  • Many cultivars have been created, including the ones listed below.


  • Agricultural Research Service of the United States Department of Agriculture
  • St. Augustine GrassTexas A M AgriLife Extension Service
  • Information on St. Augustine grass Cultivars Agricultural Cooperative Extension at Clemson University

The Different Types of St. Augustine Grass

While living in Florida, St. Augustine grass is considered to be a part of the landscape. It is shorter, broader, and rougher in texture than the grasses found further north in the United States. The individual blades of St. Augustine grass are also sharper than those found in other types of grass, making it difficult to walk on on bare feet in some situations. Despite the fact that St. Augustine grass is quite abundant in Florida, there are several different forms of it. It is critical to understand what sort of grass you have on your lawn since the variety will determine the amount of care you must do to maintain it looking its best.

Augustine grass and how they differ from one another.

Seville St. Augustine Grass

Compared to the usual St. Augustine grass, this grass is regarded to be a dwarf variant. When compared to other types, it has a very fine texture. It has a blue-green hue to it, and it stays this color throughout the year. Even within the St. Augustine family, the Seville species thrives in shadow and drought conditions more than other forms of grass. In the case of a heavily shaded yard, this is an excellent option for you if you are thinking about putting down fresh sod. It grows well in soils that range from acidic to alkaline in pH, making it suitable for growing in both coastal and inland environments.

Palmetto St. Augustine Grass

In 1988, a sod gardener discovered Palmetto, a relatively new species of St. Augustine grass that had previously been unknown. It wasn’t until 1994 that the grass was officially released for sale to the general public after extensive research showed that it was safe for lawns of average homeowners to grow on. It is a semi-dwarf grass with a velvety look that grows in clumps. It has less thatch than other types of St. Augustine grass, even when exposed to direct sunlight for extended periods of time.

  1. Augustine grasses, this one has a medium-width blade.
  2. Walking on Palmetto St.
  3. It also retains its green color for the greatest amount of time when compared to any other kind of St.
  4. This variety of plant will become dormant if there are multiple frosts in a row, but it will remain green if temperatures are below freezing for only one or two frosts.
  5. Shade and drought resistance are second only to Seville St.
  6. Seville is able to withstand greater shade and dryness for longer periods of time, although Palmetto is not far behind in this regard.

If it does begin to wilt as a result of the drought, which normally does not occur until at least a couple of months have passed since the drought began, it quickly recovers and grows back to its former glory.

Floratam St. Augustine Grass

This particular strain of St. Augustine grass was produced in 1972 to combat the St. Augustine Decline (SAD) grass virus that was sweeping over Florida at the time of development. It also had a supplementary role in the development process by proving to be resistant to chinch insect infestations. It thrives in a wide range of climates and has long, thick blades that are easy to cut. The blades of this particular St. Augustine kind are the longest and thickest of any other variety. When seen as a whole, the blades appear coarse and unappealing, yet when examined individually, the lawn appears lush and healthy.

It is also utilized for grazing grass in rural regions when it is available.

Augustine, unlike its cousins in Seville and Palmetto, need a lot of sun and a lot of it.

It should be kept to a maximum height of three inches in order to maintain optimal health.

Augustine grass, is extremely drought tolerant and only requires watering when the grass is visibly withering.

If Floratam begins to lose its color as a result of dryness or freezing temperatures, it will recover fast.

Please contact the professionals at Duda Sod immediately if you have any concerns regarding St.

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