- 1 Who is Saint Benedict? — Saint Benedict Church
- 2 Life of St. Benedict
- 3 Saint Benedict
- 4 Saint Benedict
- 5 Introduction
- 6 The Hermit
- 7 Monte Cassino
- 8 Benedictine Rule
- 9 Further Reading on St. Benedict
- 10 Additional Biography Sources
- 11 Who is St. Benedict? — St. Benedict’s Abbey
- 12 What You Need to Know About St. Benedict and His Medal
Who is Saint Benedict? — Saint Benedict Church
Benedict of Norcia (480 AD – 21 March 547) moved to Montecassino, Italy, after establishing twelve communities of monks in Subiaco, Italy. There, he built a monastery and penned ” The Rule.” One of the most significant works in all of Western Christianity, this modest list of instructions for how a monk’s life should be lived has grown into one of the most influential works in all of Western Christianity.
Early Life — Norcia
Saint Benedict was born in the city of Norcia about the year 480 AD. That historical period, which ended only four years before the deposition of the final Emperor, Romulus Augustulus, signaled the end of the Western Roman Empire as we know it, was extremely difficult to navigate. According to tradition, the sole true life of Saint Benedict is given in the second book of Pope Saint Gregory’s Dialogues, which was presumably composed in the period of 593-594 AD. Following his elementary schooling in Norcia, Benedict moved to Rome to further his education in literature and law, among other things.
At Affile, Saint Benedict performed his first miracle, restoring to perfect condition a ceramic wheat sifter that had been accidently damaged by a man-servant on his property.
- He found refuge in a cave among the remains of Nero’s town, near Subiaco, where he proceeded to live as a hermit for the rest of his days and nights.
- He was completely isolated and had no way to communicate with anybody else.
- After then, it was three years of solitude.
- They began to adhere to his teachings, and the pastoral and apostolic ideals of the Benedictine Order began to take root in their hearts.
Founding Monasteries — Subiaco
After overcoming a powerful temptation to abandon his vow of chastity, Benedict prepared himself to go through a new experience, following in the footsteps of the ancient Fathers of Christian Monasticism in the process. His arrival at Vicovaro was first welcomed by the monastic community, but a botched effort by a monk to poison him prompted Benedict to return to his solitary. Afterwards, he established twelve monasteries and assigned a total of twelve monks to each of them. A thirteenth monastery, for novices and people in need of instruction, was also established by the monk.
- They would go on to become the first two jewels in the crown of the Benedictine family.
- He discovered water on a lonely mountainside to relieve the thirst of his monks, and brought it back to the monastery.
- A monk’s dissolute life was averted by his involvement on the monastic grounds.
- Unfortunately, a priest named Florentius was jealous of Benedict’s success, and as a result of his jealousy, the Saint was compelled to leave his monastery, despite the protests of his pupils.
- He built the Abbey of Montecassino between 525 and 529 AD, during the time period of the Roman Empire.
- Under Benedict’s guidance, the ancient acropolis-sanctuary that towered above the waning Roman municipium of Casinum was transformed into a monastery that was far larger than those constructed at Subiaco and other nearby sites.
His construction of a chapel dedicated to Saint John the Baptist on the ruins of the altar of Apollo, while the temple of Apollo itself was transformed into an oratory for monks dedicated to Saint Martin of Tours, was a triumph of Christian architecture.
Monastic Life Takes Root — Montecassino
It was Saint Benedict who was putting in a lot of work at Montecassino. He oversaw the construction of the monastery, helped to found a monastic order, and did a slew of miraculous deeds. Among his many miracles were the resurrection of a small child, the miraculous provision of grain and oil for the monastery during a time of need, and the demonstration of his prophesy talent. In the fall of 542 AD, as the Goth King Totila was travelling through Cassino on his way to Naples to attack the city, he decided to put Saint Benedict to the test because he had previously heard of his talents and charisms from others.
Upon seeing Totila, he issued a severe warning: “You have wounded many people and you will continue to do so; now stop behaving in such a jerkish manner!” It is said that you will enter Rome, cross the wide sea, and rule the country for nine years; but, in the tenth year, you will die.” And that is exactly what happened in this instance.
- Despite this, he was given the grace by God to save all of the monks in the monastery.
- Saint Benedict had a vision of the spirit of his sister, Saint Scholastica, ascending to heaven in the form of a dove just before he passed away.
- Benedict had a vision in which the soul of Bishop Germanus of Capua was whisked away by angels and placed in a fire globe.
- In the end, a life of such distinction was rightly followed by a death that was lavishly celebrated.
- He predicted his own death and informed both his nearby and remote disciples that the end was nearer than they had anticipated.
- Then, extremely tired, he requested to be brought into his oratory, where, after receiving his final Holy Communion, he passed away with the assistance of his monks.
Life of St. Benedict
|St. Benedict of NursiaOra et Labora(Pray and Work)St. Benedict of Nursia (ca. 480 – ca. 547) profoundlyimpacted the life of the Church in the West.Asthe founder of Western monasticism, his Rule has beenthe model for most religious orders founded over thelast 1500 years.He is the patron saint of Europe(declared by Pope Paul VI in 1964, declared co-patronwith Saints Cyril and Methodius by John Paul II in 1980)as well as the patron of monks, speleologists (the studyof caves), farmworkers and victims of poisoning.St. Benedict was born at Nursia, a small town nearSpoleto in central Italy.He is known to be thetwin brother to St. Scholastica.Their mother diedat their birth.St. Scholastica and St. Benedictdeveloped a close relationship early in life that lastedthroughout their lives.His parents were wealthy landowners(but not part of the aristocracy).St. Benedictwas sent to Rome to study around 500a.d. but decided todrop out after he was distressed by the immorality ofthe Roman culture and the lackadaisical attitude of hisfellow students.He then headed south to themountains.There he met a monk named Romanus whoshowed him a cave where he could live as a hermit in thearea called Subiaco, which had a spectacular view of themountain gorge.Romanus, sensing the specialnessand holiness of St. Benedict, brought food to St.Benedict every day by lowering it in a basket from theedge of the cliff.A bell at the end of the ropewould indicate to St. Benedict that his meal hadarrived.He lived like this for about three years.One day, nearby shepherds stumbledupon his cave.At first, they were frightened bythe site of St. Benedict (who dressed in animal skinsand looked more like a wild man than a monk).Asthey began to speak with St. Benedict, they realizedthey had found a saint.So they began a reciprocalrelationship… the shepherds brought him food and hetaught them about the faith.St. Benedict’s reputation forsanctity spread throughout the region and men who wantedto pursue the religious life flocked to him.Heorganized them into twelve communities of ten monks eachand an abbot.He stayed there for abouttwenty-five years, as roman nobles would send their sonsto St. Benedict to be educated.Among the firstwere Saints Maurus and Placid, who came as young boysand stayed on to become two of St. Benedict’s mostfaithful disciples.During these twenty-five years thathe stayed in Subiaco, he met resistance regarding thestrict regime he required of the communities.Thesuccess of his communities brought about envy andjealously, at least with one priest named Florentius.Florentius was known to spread lies about St. Benedict,though no one believed him.He tried to keep menfrom joining St. Benedict, but men kept coming.Itwas said that Florentius even tried to poison a loaf ofbread and deliver it to St. Benedict, begging him toaccept it as a token of remorse.By the grace ofGod, St. Benedict realized the bread was poisoned.He was said to have given it to a raven, commanding theraven to take the bread to a place where no one wouldfind it.In a final effort to ruin St. Benedict’sreputation, Florentius hired prostitutes in vain, hoping itwould seduce the monks.Realizing that Florentius wouldnever stop his attacks on the community, St. Benedictmoved his monks to Monte Cassino, in the imposingmountains of the central Apennines in Italy.They builta new monastery on the summit, converting an old templeof Apollo into a chapel dedicated to St. Martin.His sister, St. Scholastica, established a community ofnuns nearby, and they would meet half-way in betweenonce a year to break bread and discuss spiritualinsights.It was at Mount Cassino where he wrote thefinal version of his Rule (of life) (known as the Ruleof St. Benedict).Drawing ideas from monasticwriters such as Saints Basil, John Cassian, Augustine,the Desert Fathers, Pachomius in Egypt and theRegulaMagistri(“ Rule of the Master ”), he developed his Ruleto assist the monks to grow in holiness and to live incommunity.TheRule of Benedicthe wrote for hismonks was in part a reaction against the extremespracticed by some monks, particular those who lived inthe deserts of the East.Left to their owndevices, these monks, almost all of whom lived ashermits, would literally torture their bodies bydepriving themselves of sleep, food and water.St.Benedict’s response was to develop a method that waspractical, made no irrational demands of the body andcould be flexible without compromising its spiritualprinciples.It was designed as a different way toachieve holiness and connection to God.The ruleis divided into 73 short chapters, which focus on threemain themes:Stability, Obedience and Conversionin Life.St. Benedict never became a priest,nor did he intend to form a new religious order.However, his Rule and his spirituality not onlyinfluenced the growth of Western monasticism, but ofWestern civilization itself.He was able toinfluence/shape a culture that he once found to bedespicable.He died on March 21 (ca. 547) and isburied in the Oratory of St. John the Baptist at Cassinoalongside his sister, St. Scholastica.Hismonastery in Mount Cassino was destroyed by the Lombards(ca. 577).St. Benedict’s Rule was followed inFrance, England and Germany by the seventh and eighthcenturies.When the emperor Charlemagne (ca.742-814) initiated a reform of monasticism, he chose theRule of St. Benedict as his model.His son andsuccessor, Louis the Pious imposed it on all monasterieswithin the empire.His motto is “Ora et Labora”which means “Pray and Work.”We celebrate hisfeast day on July 11.Resources on St. BenedictCraughwell, Thomas J.Saints for Every Occasion:101 of Heaven’s Most Powerful Patrons.Charlotte,NC:C.D. Stampley Enterprises, Inc., 2001.Delaney, John J.Dictionary of Saints.Garden City, NY:DoubledayCompany, Inc., 1980.Derkse, Wil.The Rule of Benedict for Beginners:Spirituality for Daily Life.Collegeville, MN:Liturgical Press, 2003.McBrien, Richard P.Lives of the Saints:from Mary and St. Francis of Assisi to John XXIII andMother Teresa.San Francisco, CA:HarperSanFrancisco (Division of HarperCollinsPublishers), 2001.St. Benedict of Nursia.The Rule of SaintBenedict:A Contemporary Paraphrase.Paraphrased by Jonathan Wilson-Hartgrove.Brewster, MA:Paraclete Press, 2012.St. Benedict of Nursia.The Rule of SaintBenedict.Edited by David W. Cotter, OSB.Translated by Leonard J. Doyle.Collegeville, MN:Liturgical Press, 2001.Walsh, Michael, ed.Butler’s Lives of the Saints.Concise Edition.New York, NY:HarperRowPublishers, 1985.|
Saint Benedict is a saint who lived in the fifth century. Sant’Anselmo2020-02-05T16:32:42+01:00
When Benedict of Nursia lived in the 5th and 6th centuries AD, he was both a monk and an abbot. He created many monasteries and penned a rule for monasteries that would become a cornerstone of Western Monasticism in the process. He is revered as the Patron Saint of Europe by the Catholic Church. The Four Books of Dialogues, written by Pope Gregory the Great in 593/594 AD, are the most important source for information on Benedict’s life. Dedicated entirely to Benedict, Book Two shows his personal spiritual journey and portrays him as a great ascetic, prophetic leader of monks and founder of monasteries, author of a rule, and miracle-worker, among many other roles and attributes.
- There is a particular emphasis on sequences that are reminiscent of the lives of major biblical figures, particularly those of the prophets Elijah and Elisha.
- They were the first Christians to be raised in the city.
- He had become tired of Rome’s way of life after discovering his pals’ lifestyles to be dissolute and immoral, as well as his professors to be unchristian and corrupt.
- He departed the city, with his devoted family nurse Cirilla accompanying him all the way to Enfide, where he would spend the night (modern Affile).
- They approached Benedict, who was by then a well-known holy man, and begged him to become the abbot of their neighboring monastery.
- Benedict miraculously escaped harm and was able to return to his cave in the end.
- Around the year 529 AD he left Subiaco with his most devoted disciples for Cassino and founded a monastery in the ancient pagan acropolis on the hill overlooking the town.
He was followed soon afterwards by his sister Scholastica who, unusually, was buried in the same tomb.
Thousands of monasteries which eventually came to follow his Rule also spread the veneration of this saint.
This transfer is liturgically celebrated on the 11th of July.
In 1947 Pope Pius XII recognized St Benedict as the “Father of Europe”.
Pope John Paul II enlarged the group of Patrons of Europe, adding Cyril and Methodius in 1980, and Catherine of Siena, Bridget of Sweden and Edith Stein in 2000.
The Life of Saint Benedict It is a shame that no current biography has been published about a guy who has had the biggest impact on monasticism in the Western world. Saint Gregory’s Dialogues contain many references to Benedict, although these are only drawings to show miraculous features of his life and work. In central Italy, Benedict was born into a prestigious family and educated at the University of Rome. He was drawn to monasticism at a young age. In the beginning, he became a recluse, fleeing a dreary world that included pagan armies on the march, the Church ripped apart by division, people suffering as a result of the conflict, and morals at its lowest point.
- Some monks picked Benedict as their leader for a short period of time, but they soon discovered that his strictness was not to their liking.
- He conceived the notion of bringing together several monastic families into a single “Grand Monastery” in order to provide them with the benefits of unity, fraternity, and perpetual worship in a single location.
- The Rule that eventually emerged specified a life of liturgical prayer, study, physical labor, and living together in community under the supervision of a common abbot (or abbots).
- Throughout the Middle Ages, all monasticism in the Western world was eventually subordinated to the Rule of St.
- Benedictine families are represented now by two branches: the Benedictine Federation, which includes men and women from the Order of St.
- Reflection It is through Benedictine dedication to the liturgy that the Church has been blessed, not only in its physical celebration with rich and correct ceremonial in the great abbeys, but also through the intellectual studies of many of its members that the Church has been blessed.
People who both preserve and adapt the genuine tradition of worship in the Church are to be admired and thanked. Saint Benedict is the patron saint of the following countries: Europe Illness of the Kidneys Monastics PoisoningSchoolchildren
Click here for a downloadable quote from Saint Benedict!
For the love of Christ, I am obedient to every law.” Benedict of Nursiaca (480—ca.547) is the founder of the Order of Monks. It is based on the Rule of St Benedict. Rev. Boniface Verheyen, Oblate of Saint Boniface Stephen Tomkins has shortened, updated, and introduced the text. Dan Graves edited and polished this piece for publication on the web.
Benedict composed this guideline for the monastic life somewhere about the year 530. As a document, it is actually older than some of the ones included in the Early Church volume; however, it belongs in the Middle Ages because it was lived out on a daily basis by countless monks and nuns throughout Europe throughout every century of that time period, which places it in the Middle Ages. A devoted Italian Christian, Benedict became a monk when he was 20 years old. He did so because he wanted to hide from the world after seeing Rome and being disturbed by how immoral the city’s way of life had become.
- The Benedictine Rule is stringent, with its central concept being complete submission to the Abbot.
- It is impossible to compare life in medieval Europe to life now since it was considerably poorer and more restricted: the life Benedict depicts would be a step up for the poorest people, but not much of a step down for the others.
- Benedict’s focus on obedience to a supervisor is designed to both deter monks from going to extremes and to encourage those who are less enthusiastic about their religious lives.
- It was during a period when the Western Roman Empire had crumbled and Europe was being conquered by barbarian tribes, the most of whom were pagans, that Benedict formulated the rule.
- Benedictine monasteries, more than anything else, were responsible for keeping the religion alive, and their short, simple, but complete code allowed them to clone themselves inexorably and unabated.
- In addition, because Benedict mandated that monks spend time reading, they were able to keep religion and culture alive for generations during a time when nearly the whole continent was illiterate.
The first step toward humility is to obey as soon as possible. This is appropriate for people who, whether because they have vowed holy obedience, or because of the terror of damnation, or because of the splendor of everlasting life, regard Christ as the most precious thing they own. When the Abbot commands something, the monks immediately comply as if the instruction came directly from God Himself. “At the hearing of the ear, he has obeyed me,” the Lord declares. But only if it is done without hesitation, delay, lukewarmness, murmuring or complaint will it be considered acceptable by God and mankind.
It is for this reason that Jesus himself tells the instructors, “Anyone who hears you hears me.” Disciples must obey with good will, “because the Lord delights in a happy giver,” according to the Bible.
Even if people comply with ill will and murmur with their lips and in their minds, even though they complete the task, it will not be acceptable to God, who sees the intent behind the murmurer’s actions. Instead of rewarding such behavior, it is appropriate to penalize it.
Let us follow the prophet’s example: “I will pay attention to my steps so that I do not offend with my words.” “I have kept my lips shut, mute and humbled, and I have stayed silence even from beautiful things,” the poet writes in Ps 38:2—3. If we must occasionally withdraw from good speech for the sake of quiet, how much more must we refrain from evil speech in order to avoid the penalty that comes as a result of the sin we have committed? As a result, given the importance of silence, permission to speak should be granted only in exceptional circumstances to perfect disciples, even for good and holy conversation, because it is written: “If you talk a lot, you will not escape sin,” and “The power of the tongue determines life and death.” The teacher may speak and instruct, but the pupil must remain silent and listen.
We condemn to perpetual exclusion any coarse jokes, frivolous phrases, and anything else that causes laughter, and we do not let the disciple to open his lips in response to such discourse.
Dear brothers and sisters, we are reminded by the Holy Scriptures that “everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.” The steps to humility are as follows: To keep the fear of God before one’s eyes at all times, avoiding all forgetfulness and always remembering all of God’s rules, always thinking about how those who hate God will burn in hell for their sins, and about the everlasting life that those who fear God will enjoy.
- It is also important not to love one’s own will or seek to accomplish one’s own wishes, but rather to obey God’s message, as Jesus said, “I have come not to do My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me.” 3.
- To not keep one’s wicked thoughts or secret faults hidden from one’s Abbot, but rather to confess them humbly to him or her.
- The act of publicly declaring with the tongue and believing it in the heart that one is the lowest and vilest of mankind, humbling oneself and proclaiming with the prophet, “I am the pariah of the people, the reproach of men, and the reproach of my country.” 8.
- The act of refraining from speaking and remaining silent until one is prompted to do so.
- To allow one’s humility to be seen to everyone around one.
You should keep your gaze fixed on the ground, remembering your sins, picturing that you have already appeared before God’s dreadful judgment seat, and always saying in your heart what the publican in the Gospel said: “Lord, I am a sinner, and I am not worthy to lift my eyes up to heaven.” Once the monk has climbed all of the stairs of humility, he will arrive to the love of God, which, because it is complete, will cast off all fear.
Thanks to this love, every rule that he previously observed out of fear will now begin to be observed without any effort, naturally, and by force of habit, no longer out of fear of hell but out of love for Christ, out of the habit of doing good and the pleasure of virtue, and no longer out of fear of punishment in hell.
May the Lord be pleased to express all of this by the power of his Holy Spirit in the life of his laborer, who has been cleaned from vice and sin.
16. Performing the Divine Office Throughout the Day
“Everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted,” says the Holy Scriptures, addressing us as brothers. The following are the stages to humility: 1. To keep the fear of God before one’s eyes at all times, avoiding all forgetfulness and always remembering all of God’s rules, always thinking about how those who detest God will burn in hell for their sins, and of the eternal life that those who fear God will enjoy. It is also important not to love one’s own will or seek to accomplish one’s own wishes, but rather to obey God’s message, as Jesus stated: “I have come not to do My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me.” 3.
(4) If difficult and unpalatable things are ordered, and even if hurts are inflicted, to accept them with patience and serenity, never becoming tired or giving up, knowing that, as the Bible says, “He who endures until the end will be saved.” It is also important not to keep one’s wicked thoughts or covert faults hidden from one’s Abbot, but rather to confess them humbly.
- To be comfortable with the ugliest and most deplorable aspects of life, constantly believing oneself to be a poor and useless employee.
- To follow only the rules of the monastery and the example set by one’s seniors, and to refrain from engaging in any other activity or activity.
- “A man full of speech is not established in the earth,” according to Scripture.
- Whatever you are doing for God, whether it is in the garden, on the road, or in the field, always keep your head down and bend your shoulders.
- ” Following his ascent of all of these stages toward humility, the monk will arrive to God’s love, which is flawless and hence free of fear.
Wishing the Lord’s blessing on his servant who has been freed from vice and sin and that he manifests all of this through the power of his Holy Spirit.
20. Reverent Prayer
If we approach those in positions of authority with humility and reverence when we wish to ask for a favor, how much more must we approach the Almighty, the Creator of all things, with the same humility and devotion? Remember that it is not by the abundance of our words that we are heard, but rather through the purity of our hearts and the tears of repentance. As a result, prayers should be brief and straightforward, unless they are prolonged by the inspiration of heavenly grace. At the communal exercises, on the other hand, the prayer should always be brief, and when the Abbot has given the signal, everyone should stand up together.
No one should ever presume to give or receive anything in the monastery without the permission of the Abbot; and no one should ever claim anything as his own, whether it be a book, a writing tablet, a pen, or anything else, because monks are not permitted to have control over their own bodies or wills. They are required to get all essentials from the Abbot and are not permitted to own anything without his approval. Everyone should share everything, as it is stated, and no one should be allowed to keep anything for themselves.
48. Daily Work
As indifference is the enemy of the soul, it is imperative that the brethren divide their time between manual activity and devotional reading. In the summer, kids should go out at the crack of dawn for four hours to complete the essential tasks, followed by two hours of reading time. Then, after lunch, let them to rest in total silence in their beds — alternatively, if someone wishes to read for himself, allow him to do so in a manner that does not bother others. If, however, the requirements of the location or the poverty of the people force them to do the harvesting themselves, they should not be discouraged, for they will be real monks, living by the labor of their hands in the same way that our forebears and the Apostles did.
The older monks should be assigned to patrol the grounds of the monastery during reading time, keeping an eye out for any sluggish brothers who are wasting their time with laziness or pointless chatter, and causing disturbances among their peers.
If he refuses to change, allow him to be subjected to the Rule’s discipline in such a way that others will be afraid of him.
53. Receiving Guests
The reception of all guests should be Christ-like, so that when they leave they may remark, “I was a stranger and you welcomed me.” Show respect to everyone, especially to other Christians and to those who are traveling. When a guest is introduced, he should be greeted with as much generosity as possible. Pray with him, and then socialize with one another in a calm and peaceful environment. (In the event of a diabolical deceit, do not give anybody the kiss of peace until after a prayer has been offered.) Visitors should be greeted with all humility, with the head bowed down or the entire body prostrate on the ground, worshiping Christ in them, just as you are receiving him.
Then invite the Abbot, or anybody he chooses, to join them for a meal.
Except on days of solemn fast, when it is impossible to break one’s fast, the Abbot should break his fast to show respect to the guest.
While the Abbot is pouring water on the guest’s hands, he should gather the whole brotherhood around him and assist him in washing the feet of every guest.
They should remark after they have been bathed, “We have received your kindness, O God, in the middle of your temple.” Because Christ is received more specifically in the impoverished and travelers, the utmost caution should be exercised while accepting them.
54. Receiving Letters
No letters, tokens, or presents of any type should be permitted to be exchanged or received by a monk without the approval of the Abbot, whether they are from their parents or any other person, or even from their brothers and sisters.
The Abbot should provide the brothers with clothing that is appropriate for the climate in which they dwell. If you live in a temperate region, I feel that each monk should only need two pieces of clothing: a cowl and a tunic (one for the winter and another thin or worn for the summer), as well as work clothes, socks, and shoes (if you are a monk in a temperate area). Monks should not be concerned with the color or texture of their clothing; they should wear anything they can get their hands on for the least amount of money.
- When it comes to bedding, a straw mattress, a blanket, a bedspread, and a pillow are more than sufficient.
- If someone is discovered hiding something that he did not get from the Abbot, he will be subjected to the most severe punishment.
- As a result, any claim to be in need is nullified.
- And, in all of his judgments, the Abbot should have God’s wrath in mind.
Acts 4:32-35 (KJV) James 3:1-12 (KJV) Verse 8-19 of Proverbs Proverbs 10:19–21 (NIV) Psalms 119:164-168 is a passage from the Bible. Matthew 6:1-8 (KJV)
- The Rule requires that monks submit to their Abbot in all circumstances. What do you believe is the underlying cause of this situation? How would you deal with such a situation if you were in it yourself? Do you believe it is a good discipline for those who can manage it, or do you believe it is entirely harmful, or something else? What are the benefits and drawbacks of belonging to a society of sworn obedience, and how do they compare? What happens if the guy in charge is not holy or if he is a follower of fashionable trends? Or if he orders something that you know is going to be damaging to you? When it comes to adopting personal initiative, how crucial is it? Is Benedict correct in his suspicion of conversation and laughter? Do you believe that greater silence is required in our lives? Is all mirth harmful, or are just particular types of mirth harmful? In order to attain humility, Benedict instructs his disciples to “declare with the mouth and think in one’s inmost spirit that one is the lowest and vilest of mankind.” Considering your current state of mind, do you believe that this is a healthy perspective to have on yourself? Is this a perspective of view that the Bible teaches? Whether or not self-esteem is an over-rated modern preoccupation, and whether or not Christians should seek it What exactly are Benedict’s guidelines on prayer like? Do you believe the type of regularity he speaks of would be regulated, or do you believe it would just be a good discipline? Think a system like this will make you personally more worshipful or more willing to speak a few words and then return to your bed or whatever you were doing? What, in your opinion, is the relationship between Benedict’s attitude toward possessions and what was done and taught in the New Testament? If you look at the New Testament as a whole, does it ban having anything? Is it more probable that things will be cared for if they are owned by everyone or if they are owned by just one person? Is there anything that we truly own, even though it “belongs” to us, or are we, at most, stewards of what God has created? For our own lives, what lessons can we take away from Benedict’s attitude toward possessions? Do you believe that being a member of a Benedictine monastery would be beneficial in the long run? Can you imagine what your life would be like as an individual who belonged to such a community? What would it mean for your spiritual life, and how would it help you? In what ways would your religious community be distinct from, and in what ways would it be similar to, Benedict’s?
It is a requirement of the Rule that monks submit to their Abbot in all circumstances. Which of the following do you believe is the cause of this situation? I’m curious how you’d handle yourself in such a scenario. Do you believe it is a beneficial discipline for those who can manage it, or do you believe it is absolutely harmful? Are there advantages and drawbacks to being a member of a community of oath-keeping? Is there anything that can be done if the guy in charge is not holy or adheres to the latest fashion trend?
- Taking personal initiative is quite vital when dealing with a situation like this.
- Is Benedict correct in his suspicion of conversation and laughter?
- What is wrong with laughter in general, or with specific types of mirth in particular?
- Is this a frame of view taught by the Bible?
- Are there any specific instructions from Benedict on praying?
Do you believe that such a system would make you personally more worshipful or more willing to speak a few words and then return to your bed or whatever you were doing; When it comes to possessions, how do you believe Benedict’s perspective differs from that of those who lived and taught throughout the time of the New Testament?
Whether items are owned by everyone or just one person, which is more likely to be cared for?
For our own lives, what lessons can we take away from Benedict’s attitude toward things; What is your opinion on being a member of a Benedictine monastery?
Can you imagine what your life would be like as an individual who belonged to such a group? Just how much of a difference would it make in your spiritual journey? If you were to start your own religious community, how would it be different from and similar to Benedict’s?
Young Benedict became dissatisfied with his studies and with his caregiver, and he quietly left her and escaped into the desolation of the Sabine highlands. He lived as a hermit in an acave in Subiaco, where he received food from a neighboring monk who lowered bread to him from the top of a nearby cliff. Benedict fought the battles of the spirit while dressed in the hides of wild animals. In order to keep his emotions under control when confronted with an image of a woman, he once dumped himself into a brier patch.
Others sought his advice, and the monks of a neighboring monastery whose abbot had died persuaded Benedict to take over as abbot in his stead.
The strict discipline and obedience demanded by the new abbot, on the other hand, infuriated the monks to the point that they attempted to poison him.
Benedict, on the other hand, was not doomed to isolation; shortly after, other men flocked around him, and he established 12 monasteries, each with 12 monks and an abbot. They met in the chapel at regular intervals, under the leadership of Benedict, to recite psalms and pray silently. In 529, Benedict and his community relocated to Monte Cassino, a mountaintop 75 miles southeast of Rome that served as a retreat. He and his monks dismantled an ancient temple of Apollo on the peak, which was replaced by a chapel dedicated to St.
The daily life of Benedict at Monte Cassino is impossible to reconstruct; his chronicler was only concerned with relating the marvels, such as Benedict’s detection of an impostor who Totila, King of the Ostrogoths, had sent to the monastery in his place, and Benedict’s prediction of the destruction of Monte Cassino, which occurred in 589 as predicted by Benedict.
It is believed that he was buried with his sister St.
In addition to being Benedict’s most significant literary effort, The Rule was also the vehicle through which he exercised such significant impact on the history of monasticism, allowing the Benedictines to spread across Europe and come to dominate the religious life of the Middle Ages. When Benedict founded the monastery, his goal was to “establish a school for beginners in the service of the Lord,” and he promised his followers that “if we keep close to our school and the doctrine we learn there, and preserve in the monastery until death, we shall here share in the Passion of Christ by patience, and hereafter deserve to be visited with Him in His kingdom.” Benedict’s proposal, in contrast to the rigidly austere and isolated existence that served as the model for Eastern monasticism, entailed living in a community in which all members shared a common life.
- The government of the monks was in the hands of an elected abbot, who controlled them as a father would lead his own children.
- We spent the rest of the day doing manual labor and studying the Bible and other spiritual texts.
- Benedict thought that the existence of a monk was dependent on the support of his brothers in the community to whom he was obligated for the rest of his life.
- He was to leave the world behind and rise to “higher heights of knowledge and morality” in the isolation of the monastery, where he would be protected from the outside world.
- A sense of structure and pragmatism was able to change the chaotic pattern of lone people or disorganized societies into something more manageable.
Men were brought together in groups where prudence and moderation were the order of the day. Throughout the years that followed, the Rule of Benedict directed congregations spread throughout Europe.
Further Reading on St. Benedict
Odo The narrative of St. Gregory is found in The Fathers of the Church: Saint Gregory the Great, Dialogues, vol. 39, which was translated by John Zimmerman (new trans. 1959). It is possible to find the Ruleof St. Benedict in Owen Chadwick’s book, Western Asceticism (1958). Saint Benedict(1960; trans. 1961), by Leonard von Matt and Stephen Hilpisch, is a restrained depiction of the historical figure with great images of the historical places. Longer discussions may be found in Justin McCann’s Saint Benedict (1937) and T.
Bernard of Clairvaux’s achievement is set in context by Herbert B.
Additional Biography Sources
Professor Eric Dean’s St. Benedict for the Laity was published in Collegeville, Minnesota, by the Liturgical Press in 1989. Saint Benedict is blessed by God, by Guy Marie Oury, Collegeville, Minn.: Liturgical Press, 1980. St. Benedict is blessed by God.
Who is St. Benedict? — St. Benedict’s Abbey
Today is the feast of Saint Benedict, the Holy Father of the Church! In honor of his life and ministry, we’d like to share with you a brief summary of his life and accomplishments. We hope you find it useful. Happy Feast Day, everyone! Benedictine monks have built their entire lives and selves on a small set of principles known as the Rule of St. Benedict, which has been in existence for more than one thousand five hundred years already. But where did the Rule originate from in the first place?
- After becoming disillusioned with his studies, he set away from Rome in search of solitude in the wilds of Italy.
- a modest plate repair foreshadowed the arrival of larger things to come.
- The monk, Saint Romanus, who lived on the cliffside above Benedict’s cliffside dwelling, provided him with the only means of subsistence: the covert compassion of the monk, Benedict.
- Over time, the monks got increasingly resentful of his unorthodox way of life, and they attempted to get rid of him by poisoning his wine supply.
- As time went on, he attempted to spread his devotion to Christ to others, creating twelve monasteries until settling in Monte Cassino, where he is buried today.
As a result, The Rule came into being.
In anticipation of his death, he invited monks to pray by his side, and on March 21, 547, St.
Benedictine monasticism sprang out of this germ and flourished throughout Europe.
They held fast to the Christian summons even as civilization crumbled around them, and they preserved a culture that would be replanted once the turbulence of society subsided.
Benedict is regarded as the founding father of western monasticism.
What would the state of western culture be like if St.
Benedict had not existed? It is hard to say – but for more than one thousand five hundred years, monks all around the globe have continued on his magnificent task, always keeping in mind his mandate, that God be exalted in all things, in whatever they do.
What You Need to Know About St. Benedict and His Medal
Saint Benedict, the Holy Father, celebrates his feast day today. In honor of his life and ministry, we’d like to share with you a brief summary of his life and accomplishments with you. Hopefully, you will find it enjoyable. Wishing you a great feast! Benedictine monks have built their entire lives and selves on a small set of precepts known as the Rule of St. Benedict, which has been in existence for more than 1,500 years. But where did the Rule originate from in the first instance? Is it possible to find out who St.
- When Benedict of Norcia was born to noble Roman parents in the year 480, the world was in turmoil: the Roman empire had fallen, and licentiousness and strife reigned.
- While studying in Rome, he became disillusioned and decided to seek isolation in the wilderness.
- a modest plate repair foreshadowed the arrival of grander things in the future He stumbled into a cave at Subiaco while traveling alone to the east over the Apennine Mountains.
- In his mountain cave, where he had been battling temptation and the devil for three years, a group of monks begged with him to take over as leader of their congregation.
- When the monks were about to bless the wine, the glass broke, revealing their deception.
- Benedict set out into the desert, this time to seek God alone.
- In order for his monks to live by a set of rules, he began writing them down while still possessing the wisdom of a life spent in pursuit of God.
Benedict, founded the first Benedictine convent for women at the foot of Monte Cassino, near the town of Assisi.
Benedict became ill with a fever when he was 67 years old.
Benedict died as his brethren lifted his arms in one final prayer as he went from this world.
The monks worked ceaselessly to understand and transcribe manuscripts while the Barbarian invasions caused devastation on the world around them.
Benedict is often regarded as the founder of western monasticism today.
Consider the ramifications of St. Benedict’s death on Western Civilization. It is hard to say – but for more than one thousand five hundred years, monks all around the globe have continued on his magnificent task, always keeping in mind his mandate, that God be praised in whatever they do.
- Connected to the foundation of a structure
- Affixed to the center of a crucifix, generally behind the corpus
- Worn around the neck
- Attached to one’s rosary
- Kept in one’s pocket or pocketbook
- Attached to one’s keychain
The medal, according to Dom Gueranger, is deemed effective in the following areas:
- Asking for internal healing and peace
- Asking for peace between individuals or between nations of the world
- Curing bodily afflictions, particularly as a means of protection against contagious diseases
- Destroying the effects of witchcraft and all other diabolical and haunting influences
- Healing those who are suffering from wounds or illness
- Obtaining the conversion of sinners, especially when they are in danger of death
- Offering protection against storms and lightning
A Crucifix/St. Benedict Medal combination is referred to as “The Cross of a Happy Death” not only because of the exorcizing properties of the Medal and the image of Christ’s Body, but also because of St. Benedict’s particular patronage based on his death, which Pope St. Gregory the Great (A.D. 540-604) described in hisDialogue: “On the Death of St. Benedict” (Dialogue: “On the Death of St. Benedict”). His sepulcher was opened six days before he died, and he immediately fell ill with an ague and began to feel faint with burning heat; and as the sickness progressed day by day, he commanded his monks to carry him into the oratory, where he armed himself by receiving the Body and Blood of our Savior Christ; and, with his weakened body held between the hands of his disciples, he stood with his own hands lifted up to heaven; and as he waving his hands When a person kisses, touches, or otherwise reveres the Crucifix/St.
Benedict Medal combo at the hour of his death, he or she is awarded a plenary indulgence, according to the ordinary requirements, and commits his or her soul to God’s care and protection.
Benedict medal, but this is not required (Instr., 26 Sept.
I was looking for medals that had been particularly blessed or exorcised by the Abbot of the Monastero di San Benedetto in Norcia, and I found what I was looking for.
A little distance away from this monastery are the remnants of the home where St.
With the encouragement that I should be generous in offering them to persons in need of spiritual guidance, the abbot graciously provided me with a small number of them to distribute.
This medal, like other sacramentals, is meant to serve as a reminder of God and His presence in our lives.
No, it is not a charm or talisman that would bring “good luck” or repel evil, as doing so would be considered heresy.
(It should be noted that God has complete control over the cosmos and that no other source of power exists.
After all, there is only so much aluminum or silver in the world.
Our trust in Jesus Christ, Our Redeemer, the effective prayers of St.
Because of the high regard that the Church has for this medal, it is frequently awarded to persons who are spiritually afflicted or disturbed.
Benedict, which we do on a regular basis on Tuesdays, we are certain of tremendous benefits.
Because it would be unethical for Benedictines to sell a St.
Whether you give anonymously or at a later date, your contribution would go a great way toward assisting the monks in their apostolate.
Once you’ve obtained a medal, make sure to keep it with you at all times. When it is utilized in faith, it will almost certainly result in a greater love and appreciation for God on your part. The original version of this item published on the Register on June 18, 2016.