- 1 Saint Lucia
- 2 Land
- 3 Climate
- 4 Plant and animal life
- 5 People
- 6 Economy
- 7 Manufacturing
- 8 Trade
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Government and society
- 11 Justice
- 12 Health and welfare
- 13 Education
- 14 Communications
- 15 Saint Lucia
- 16 Key facts
- 17 Secretariat support for Saint Lucia
- 18 Find out more
- 19 Summary
- 20 Recognition
- 21 Consular Presence
- 22 Diplomatic Relations
- 23 St. Lucia
- 24 St. Lucia
- 25 Saint Lucia: country data and statistics
- 26 Geography
- 27 Population
- 28 Population pyramid
- 29 Languages
- 30 Religions
- 31 Economy
- 32 Land use
- 33 Transport
- 34 Political indicators
- 35 Existing trade agreements
- 36 Alliances
- 37 Saint Lucia Country Profile
- 38 Geography for Kids: Saint Lucia
- 39 Brief History of Saint Lucia:
- 40 The Geography of Saint Lucia
- 41 The People of Saint Lucia
- 42 Economy of Saint Lucia
- 43 St Lucia country profile
- 44 FACTS
- 45 MEDIA
- 46 TIMELINE
- 47 Related Internet Links
- 48 St Lucia facts: learn about this awesome island!
- 49 St Lucia facts
- 50 St Lucia’s geography
- 51 St Lucia’s wildlifenature
- 52 St Lucia’s history
- 53 St Lucianpeopleculture
- 54 St Lucia’s governmenteconomy
- 220.127.116.11.1 Images ⓒ Anse Chastanet. Anse Chastanet resort is within a short distance ofSulphur Springs drive-in volcano and mud bathsand offers unique scuba diving opportunities, with Kids’ Sea Camp and Family Dive Adventures operating from its exclusive beaches. visitansechastanet.com/andfamilydivers.comfor more information.
- 55 History
Allen Chastanet is the Prime Minister of the United States. Capital:Castries Population: 182,500 (estimated for 2021). Queen Elizabeth II, as represented by Governor-General Sir Neville Cenac, is the Head of State of the United Kingdom. a constitutional monarchy with a Parliament consisting of two legislative chambers as its form of government (Senate; House of Assembly) Saint Lucia is a Caribbean island state located in the Caribbean Sea. Located around 24 miles (39 kilometers) south of Martinique and approximately 21 miles (34 kilometers) northeast of Saint Vincent, it is the second biggest island in the Windwardgroup of the Lesser Antilles and the second largest in the Caribbean.
The country’s capital and largest port is the city of Castries.
Quiz on the Encyclopedia Britannica Test your knowledge of countries by matching them with their hemispheres.
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The island is volcanic in origin and is bisected from north to south by a central ridge of wooded mountains, the highest of which is Mount Gimie, which is the highest point on the island (3,145 feet). Many streams flow down from the mountains and into the valleys, where they are fertile. Located in the southwest are theGros and Petit Pitons (each measuring 2,619 and 2,460 feet in height, respectively), two enormous rock pyramids that rise sharply from the sea and enclose a small cove. Near Petit Piton, in the crater of an ancientvolcano, are the boiling sulphur springs that give the town of Soufrière its name.
The springs are a popular tourist destination, but they also have significant energy potential.
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As it is in the direction of the northeastern trade winds, Saint Lucia enjoys a tropical marine environment that is ideal for swimming. Elevation has an effect on rainfall and temperature. There are large variations in average annual rainfall from 51 inches (1,295 mm) at the coast to up to 150 inches (3,810 mm) in the interior. There is a dry season that lasts approximately from January to April and a rainy season that lasts approximately from May to November. The average temperature is around 80 degrees Fahrenheit (27 degrees Celsius), with highs occasionally reaching the mid 80s (31 degrees Celsius) and lows reaching the upper 60s (20 degrees Celsius).
Plant and animal life
The forest, which has been decreased due to logging, is home to a variety of orchids and anthuriums, which are particularly colorful. The Saint Lucian parrot (the country’s endangered national bird), the Saint Lucia black finch, and the Saint Lucia oriole are just a few of the island’s numerous bird species.
There is also a lizard that is unique to Saint Lucia, as well as the agouti, which is rather prevalent. Tropical greenery covers the hillsides overlooking Marigot Bay in Saint Lucia’s capital city of Castries. Photograph by Philip Coblentz for Digital Vision/Getty Images.
There are no longer any Caribbeans living on the island; the great majority of the island’s people are black, with a tiny minority of mulattoes and other mixed races among them. The remaining people are either European or of East Indian descent. The majority of the population speaks a Frenchpatois dialect, which is increasingly being replaced by English, which is the official language. The predominant religion is Roman Catholicism, with Seventh-day Adventists and various Protestants constituting significant minorities in the country.
Castries and Vieux Fort are the two largest urban areas in the country.
Sugarcane was once the most important crop, but production was completely phased out in 1964 when the vast majority of cane fields were turned to banana production. Bananas are presently the most important crop in the country. Coconuts, cacao, citrus and other fruits, spices, cassava, and yams are some of the other crops grown. The local fishing business provides a dependable source of income.
The United States Caribbean Basin Initiative, a program aimed to boost manufacturing in the area, has had a significant impact on Saint Lucia’s manufacturing sector, which has benefited significantly. Industrialfree zones have been set up on both the southern and northern coasts of the island at Vieux Fort, where firms make electrical items and toys for export. Others manufacture cardboard boxes, textiles, rum, tobacco goods, coconut products, concrete blocks, and beer, among a variety of other things.
Bananas, cardboard cartons, textiles, coconut products, and electrical items are among the most important exports. Major commercial partners of Saint Lucia include the United States, Trinidad & Tobago, the United Kingdom, Barbados, and Dominica, to name a few. Food, fuel, and manufactured items are all examples of imports.
Vieux Fort International Airport, located near the southern extremity of the island, serves international flights, while Vigie International Airport, serving local and regional aircraft, is located in the northern part. From the ports of Castries and Vieux Fort, international shipping lines dock and unload their cargo. Castries is also home to an oil transshipment station, which is convenient.
Government and society
Saint Lucia is a constitutional monarchy, with the British monarch as head of state, who is represented by a governor-general, in the form of a constitutional monarchy. In the bicameral parliament, the House of Assembly is elected by universal adult suffrage, and the Senate is composed of members who are selected by the prime minister, on the advise of the opposition leader in the House of Assembly, and on the advice of the Governor General of the United Kingdom.
The government is led by the prime minister, who is also the leader of the majority party.
Saint Lucia has maintained its affiliation with the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court, which is comprised of a court of appeals and a high court, as previously stated.
Health and welfare
A number of general hospitals and a large number of health centers are scattered around the island. On the grounds of Vieux Fort, there is also a private hospital run by a religious organization.
Primary education is provided free of charge and is mandatory, and a branch of the University of the West Indies is located in Castries. Furthermore, a technical college and a teacher-training college are available. Many of the elementary schools are parochial, with the majority of them being Roman Catholic.
It is possible to buy and read a variety of newspapers on the island, and radio and television broadcasts are frequently heard.
Saint Lucia is an island republic in the Caribbean Sea that is known for its fertile soil. The islands of Martinique, to the north, and Saint Vincent, to the south-west, are the country’s most immediate neighbors. Volcanic activity was responsible for its formation. Among its geographical features are a mountain range running through the center, several rivers, and hot sulphur springs. A sandy beach surrounds the entire area.
- Country in the Caribbean and Americas
- Population: 182,000 (2018)
- Land area: 616 square kilometres
- Capital city: Castries
- Following independence from the United Kingdom in 1979, India became a member of the Commonwealth. Out of 49 countries, the Commonwealth Youth Index ranks 20th.
Secretariat support for Saint Lucia
In May 2018, the Commonwealth Election Professionals (CEP) Initiative trained election officials in Saint Lucia. Its election professionals gained knowledge regarding party finance, the independence of the elections management body, and the need of promoting women to participate in election administration.
- Learn more about the Secretariat’s election-related activities.
Peace and security
In June 2019, the Secretariat assisted Saint Lucia in including women and young people in community-based efforts to combat violent crime and male violence against women and girls, particularly in rural areas.
- Learn more about the activities of the Secretariat in the areas of peace and security.
Countering violent extremism
The Secretariat has assisted Saint Lucia in its efforts to combat violence and extremist ideologies. It aided the government in the development of a national strategy to combat violent extremism.
- Learn more about the activities of the Secretariat in the fight against violent extremism.
It provided training to commissioners and other staff members who are involved in the fight against corruption in Saint Lucia. The emphasis was on effective leadership and management.
- It provided training to commissioners and other staff members who were involved in the fight against corruption in Saint Lucia. The emphasis was on management and leadership.
On issues like as trade in services, intellectual property rights, and competition, the Secretariat provided guidance to Saint Lucia. To make it simpler for foreign companies to conduct business in Saint Lucia, the Secretariat released a strategy for economic changes in April 2019.
Saint Lucia is a member of the Commonwealth Clean Ocean Alliance – the Blue Charter Action Group on combating marine plastic pollution – and is committed to reducing marine plastic pollution.
Saint Lucia is a participant of the Commonwealth Connectivity Agenda’s Regulatory and Supply Side Connectivity clusters, as well as the Regulatory and Supply Side Connectivity clusters. A platform for nations to exchange best practices and experiences in trade and investment, as well as to conduct domestic reform, the Connectivity Agenda was launched in 2013.
Find out more
Saint Lucia – Countries and territories
Countries in Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia – Countries & Regions
The United States has no formal presence in the Caribbean island of St. Lucia. The Ambassador and Embassy personnel are based in Barbados and go to St. Lucia on a regular basis.
On September 1, 1977, Frank V. Oritz, Jr. was designated Special Representative of the United States to the countries of Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, St. Christopher and Nevis-Anguilla, St. Lucia, and St. Vincent. His post ran concurrently with his roles as Ambassador to Barbados and as Ambassador to Grenada.
Diplomatic Relations Established,1983.
Relations were established on June 11, 1979, when AmbassadorSally Angela Shelton submitted her credentials to the government of the United Kingdom. All of the United States’ ambassadors to St. Lucia have been based in Barbados.
- Department of State Country Fact Sheet: Saint Lucia
- Department of State Country Information: Saint Lucia
- Department of State Country Fact Sheet: Saint Lucia
- Queen Elizabeth II is the sovereign (1952) Dame Pearlette Louisy is the Governor-General (1997) Kenny Anthony is the Prime Minister (2011) Land area: 236 square miles (611 square kilometers)
- Total area: 238 square miles (616 sq km) Approximately 163,362 people live in the United States in 2014 (growth rate: 0.35 percent)
- The birth rate is 13.94 per 1000 people, the infant mortality rate is 11.75 per 1000 people, and the life expectancy is 77.41 years. The population density per square mile is 672 people. Castries is the country’s capital and main city, with a population of 21,000 as of 2011. East Caribbean dollar is the monetary unit used in this region. Officials in the current government French patois and English (officially) are the languages spoken. Ethnicity/race: 85.3 percent are black, 10.9 percent are mixed, 2.2 percent are East Indian, and 1.7 percent are other or unidentified (2010 est.) Religions: Roman Catholic 61.5 percent, Seventh-Day Adventist 10.4 percent, Pentecostal 8.9 percent, Evangelical 2.3 percent, Anglican 1.6 percent, other Christian 3.4 percent, Rastafarian 1.9 percent, and none 5.9 percent. Religions in the United States: (2010 est.) 90.1 percent of the population is literate (2001 est.) In a nutshell, economic summary: GDP/PPP (estimated for 2013): $2.216 billion
- Per capita income: $13,100. The real growth rate is 0.2 percent annually. Inflation is currently at 5.3 percent. The rate of unemployment is a whopping 20 percent (2003 est.). 4.84 percent of the land is arable (2011 est.). Agriculture: bananas, coconuts, vegetables, citrus, root crops, and cocoa are some of the crops grown. Agriculture accounts for 21.7 percent of the labor force, industry, commerce, and manufacturing accounts for 24.7 percent, and services account for 53.6 percent (2002 est.). Tourism, apparel, electronic component assembly, drinks, corrugated cardboard boxes, lime processing, and coconut processing are some of the industries in the area. Forests, sandy beaches, minerals (pumice), mineral springs, and geothermal potential are all examples of natural resources. Bananas account for 41.8 percent of total exports ($206.8 million in 2013 estimates), followed by clothes, cocoa, avocados, mangoes, and coconut oil. Imports were $592.7 million in 2013, with food accounting for 23 percent of total imports, manufactured products accounting for 21 percent, machinery and transportation equipment accounting for 19 percent, and chemicals and fuels accounting for the remaining 10 percent. Major commercial partners include the United Kingdom, the United States, Brazil, Peru, France, Grenada, Barbados, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Trinidad and Tobago, and others (2012). The United Kingdom is a founding member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Communications: Telephones: 36,800 main lines were in use in 2012
- 227,000 mobile cellular lines were in use (2012). The following radio broadcast stations are available: AM 2, FM 7 (with three repeaters), and shortwave 0 (2003). 111,000 radios are in use (1997). The following television broadcast stations are available: three (two commercial broadcast stations and one community antenna television or CATV channel) (2007). 32,000 televisions are in use (1997). The number of Internet Service Providers (ISPs) is 100. (2012). Users of the internet: 142,900 (2009). Transportation: There are no railways in the area. Highways: a total of 1,210 kilometers (2011 est.). Ports and harbors: Castries, Cul-de-Sac, Vieux-Fort.Airports: 2 (Castries, Cul-de-Sac, Vieux-Fort) (2013). International disputes: Venezuela’s claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea that allows Venezuela to extend its Economic Exclusion Zone/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea, has been met by the participation of other Caribbean states. The most important sources and definitions
A country in the eastern Caribbean Sea, Saint Lucia has a border with the Atlantic Ocean with its neighboring country, Trinidad and Tobago. It is located north/northeast of the islands of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, northwest of Barbados, and south of Martinique, and has a land area of 238 square miles. It is a member of the Lesser Antilles and has a land size of 238 square miles. Unlike other Caribbean islands, Saint Lucia is a volcanic island with more mountains than the majority of them.
- The Pitons, a pair of additional mountains, are the most well-known landmark on the island.
- Saint Lucia is one of the few islands in the world that has a drive-in volcano, and it is also one of the most beautiful.
- Gross Islet, Soufrière and Vieux Fort are among the major settlements on the island.
- The island has two seasons: the dry season from December to May and the wet season from June to November.
- Sulphur Springs (in Soufrière) is one of the area’s most popular tourist attractions.
- The Pitons, or the twin mountain peaks known as “The Pitons,” are a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and climbing the Gros Piton is a goal that most people can achieve.
- The trailhead is located approximately 600 feet above sea level.
Guides are necessary, and the admission fee is $30 U.S.
To get to the trailhead, you may take a taxi or a bus from the city.
Hiking routes may be found on the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries’ website, which includes connections to more information.
The majority of their time is spent in Castries, however other popular destinations include Soufriere, Marigot Bay, and Gros Islet.
Travelers will also discover reduced “Duty-Free” rates in strip malls and resorts all across the island, which will save them money.
In remote communities, many rum shacks will also serve food if you give them enough warning.
On a Friday night, barbeques featuring chicken and pig may be found in almost each village for a fast snack or meal.
Saint Lucia: country data and statistics
In the eastern Caribbean Sea, Saint Lucia is an island nation that shares a border with the Atlantic Ocean with its neighbor, Dominica. It is located north/northeast of the islands of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, northwest of Barbados, and south of Martinique, and has a land size of 238 square miles. It is a member of the Lesser Antilles and has a land area of 238 square miles, making it the smallest of the Antilles. Unlike most other Caribbean islands, Saint Lucia is a volcanic island with more mountains than most others.
- Its most well-known feature is formed by two more mountains, the Pitons.
- One of the most unique attractions in Saint Lucia is its drive-in volcano, which is one of the world’s few such structures.
- Gross Islet, Soufrière and Vieux Fort are among the major settlements in this region.
- The island’s climate is tropical, tempered by northeast trade winds, and there are two seasons on the island.
- Sulphur Springs (in the town of Soufrière) is a popular tourist destination.
- It is possible for most individuals to climb the Gros Piton, which is one of the world’s most famous mountains and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- The descent will take an additional hour and a half.
Several more recognized hiking trails are also available on the island.
A cruise, generally on one of the major cruise lines, is the most common way for visitors to go to Saint Lucia.
Several cruise ship visits over the years have resulted in the establishment of a duty-free mall (at dockside, Point Seraphine, Castries) that offers a variety of merchandise geared at cruise ship passengers, including jewelry, souvenirs, art, liquor/rum, and other items.
If you ask a local where to eat, you will almost certainly be sent in the direction of a neighboring establishment that serves local fare.
Fish, vegetable, chicken, and goat dinners are highly popular, and they are frequently served with a variety of sides such as salad, plantain, breadfruit, macaroni, and rice, which can be made in a variety of ways.
BBQs with chicken and pig are available in almost every municipality on a Friday night for a fast snack.
Saint Lucia is an island state in the Lesser Antilles in the South Caribbean, and it is the capital of the country. There are barely 620 km2 (239 mi2) of land area and 158 km of shoreline in this little country (98.2 mi). This land area is approximately 3.5 times larger than the city of Washington, D.C. As a result, Saint Lucia is the 19th smallest country in the Americas and the 196th smallest country in the world. The rural population constitutes a sizable proportion of the population (81 percent of the total).
- The island group is made up of eight islands.
- The distance between New York City and Castries, the country’s capital, is approximately 3,230 kilometers (2,007 mi).
- The national time of Saint Lucia is known as Atlantic Standard Time (AST) (AST).
- Every year, the difference between Greenwich Mean Time and local time is the same: -4 hours in relation to Greenwich Mean Time.
Females have a life expectancy of 77.6 years. Males versus females: 49.2 percent versus 50.8 percent.
The East Caribbean Dollar is the official currency in Saint Lucia (XCD). One dollar is split into one hundred cents. Current exchange rate: 1.05 USD = 2.70 USD on January 5, 2022. 1 dollar is equal to 0.37 US dollar.
English is the official language.
|Church of God||1.5%|
|GDP:||2.02 bn $|
|Exportations:||1,216.9 M $|
|Importations:||997.7 M $|
|›Tourism receipts:||989.00 M $|
|›Unemployment rate:||17.1 %|
|›Inflation rate:||0.54 %|
|›corruption index:||56 (moderate)|
|›Energy consumption:||343.2 M kWh|
Saint Lucia is classified as a developing country by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) because of its weak economic performance, according to the IMF’s criteria.
|57% Urban areas:||351 km²|
|17% Agricultural areas:||108 km²|
|34% Forest:||211 km²|
|0% Water areas:||10 km²|
|Castries / Capital||70,000|
|Anse La Raye||1,260|
(This is based on the World Bank’s “Worldwide Governance Indicators” initiative, which stands for “Worldwide Governance Indicators.”)
|Rule of law:||◈|
|Death penalty:||constitutionally allowed|
Existing trade agreements
- ALBA stands for the Bolivarian Alliance for America
- CARICOM stands for the Caribbean Community and Common Market
- OECS stands for the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States
- And OECS stands for the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States
- NAM (Non-Aligned Movement)
- CELAC (Community of Latin American and Caribbean States)
- Commonwealth of Nations
- G33 (Group of Third World Countries)
- Organization of American States (OAS) – Organization of American States
- UN – United Nations
- UNESCO – United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
- WTO – World Trade Organization
Saint Lucia Country Profile
I am pleased to welcome you to the Saint Lucia portal of the Commonwealth of Nations Website on behalf of the Government and people of Saint Lucia. I hope you enjoy your visit. Located in the Caribbean Sea, Saint Lucia is a member of the Windward Island chain, a sub-group of islands that is 21 miles south of its nearest neighbor, the French Department of Martinique, 24 miles north of St Vincent, and 100 miles north-west of Barbados. It is the world’s most southerly country. In addition to having some of the most beautiful natural harbors in all of the Caribbean, our 238-square-mile island is strategically placed, making it simple to travel around the rest of the area and into North America.
This tug-of-war prompted one British historian to refer to Saint Lucia as “Helen of the West Indies,” a reference to Helen of Troy, a fabled Greek heroine whose beauty spurred an entire navy to mobilize against her oppressive regime.
This can be seen in the names of the majority of our communities and people as well as the widely spoken French Creole language, which is derived from the French language.
I welcome you to discover more about us by browsing this website, and then come and visit us in person to experience the tourism pleasures and investment prospects that Saint Lucia, the “Helen of the West Indies,” has to offer.
Stephenson King, the then-prime minister of Canada, issued the aforementioned message.
Geography for Kids: Saint Lucia
Brief History of Saint Lucia:
The Geography of Saint Lucia
616 square kilometers is the total area. Comparatively speaking, it is 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC. Location: 13 53 N, 60 58 W Geographic Coordinates: Central America is a geographical region or continent in the world. Volcanic and rugged terrain with several vast, fertile valleys is the general terrain. The Caribbean Sea is a geographical low point. 0 millimeters Mount Gimie, at 950 meters above sea level, is the geographical high point. Temperatures are tropical and tempered by northeast trade winds; the dry season is from January to April and the rainy season is from May to August.
The People of Saint Lucia
616 square kilometers in total Washington, DC is 3.5 times the size of New York City, according to the same source. Geographical coordinates: 13 53 North, 60 58 West. Region or Continent of the World: Central America. Volcanic and hilly terrain with some vast, fertile valleys is the general terrain type. The Caribbean Sea is a geographic low point. There are no millimeters in this measurement. Mount Gimie, at 950 meters above sea level, is the geographic high point. Warm and humid climate, tempered by the Northeast Trade Winds, with a dry season running from January to April and a wet season running from May to August.
Economy of Saint Lucia
Clothing, electronic component assembly, drinks, corrugated cardboard boxes, tourism, lime processing, and coconut processing are among the major industries in the country. Bananas, coconuts, vegetables, citrus, root crops, and cocoa are examples of agricultural products. Forests, sandy beaches, minerals (pumice), mineral springs, and geothermal potential are examples of natural resources. Bananas account for 41% of total exports, followed by apparel, cocoa, vegetables, fruits, and coconut oil.
East Caribbean dollar is the official currency of the region (XCD) National Gross Domestic Product (GDP): $2,183,000,000** The CIA World Factbook is the source for population estimates (as of 2012) and gross domestic product estimates (as of 2011).
St Lucia country profile
In St Lucia, tourism is the most important source of revenue, and the industry is also the largest employer. The tropical eastern Caribbean island is home to beaches, mountains, unusual vegetation, and the Qualibou volcano, which spews hot sulphur springs into the air. It is also a popular tourist destination. Prior to the inflow of tourists, banana exports provided the majority of the country’s income, particularly when the country stopped growing sugar cane in 1964. Although other crops like as mangoes and avocados are cultivated, bananas constitute the country’s second-largest source of foreign cash after tourism.
Despite the fact that St Lucia was a former British colony, the French established themselves there in the 17th century. Their impact may still be seen in the patois spoken throughout the country.
Premier Minister: Allen ChastanetHead of state: Queen Elizabeth II, who is represented by a Governor-GeneralPrime Minister: Image courtesy of the Government of Saint Lucia. The United Workers’ Party (UWP) of Allen Chastanet was elected as St Lucia’s sixth prime minister in June 2016, defeating the reigning Saint Lucia Labour Party (SLP) in a general election. He was sworn in as the country’s sixth prime minister the following month. Mr Chastanet is an economist and hotelier who has previously served as Minister of Tourism.
Getty Images is the source of this image. Caption for the image The region surrounding the Pitons, which are two volcanic features, has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It has hot springs, coral reefs, and a subtropical wetland environment. The majority of St Lucia’s publications and broadcasters are privately owned and publish a diverse spectrum of viewpoints.
The following are some significant dates in the history of St Lucia: Christopher Columbus discovers the island of St Lucia in 1501. The French establish a colony on the island of St Lucia in 1635. During the year 1660, the French signed a deal with the indigenous Caribs. In 1814, France cedes St Lucia to the United Kingdom as a result of the Treaty of Paris; the United Kingdom proclaims the island a crown colony and sends in African slaves to work on the sugar cane plantations. Slavery is abolished in the year 1834.
Independence is achieved by St Lucia in 1979.
Much of St Lucia’s colonial architecture may still be observed today, as depicted in the image caption.
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St Lucia facts: learn about this awesome island!
Our St Lucia facts will take you on a fascinating journey through the amazing Caribbean, complete with fascinating culture, wonderful animals, lush rainforest, and breathtaking mountains.
St Lucia facts
THE OFFICIAL NAME OF THE COUNTRY: Saint Lucia Democratic constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as its Head of State is the government’s organizational structure. CITY OF CAPITAL: Castries THERE ARE 178,844 PEOPLE IN THERE. Although many citizens converse in Saint Lucian French Creole, English is the official language of the country. MONEY: The dollar of the Eastern Caribbean. THE AREA IS 616 SQUARE KILOMETHS. MAIN MOUNTAIN RANGES: Gros Piton and Petit Piton, which are connected by a ridge known as the Piton Mitan.
Gimie is the highest point in the area (950m) VOLCANO: La Soufrière (also known as La Grande Soufrière or Qualibou), located in the southwestern part of the island of Madagascar.
St Lucia’s geography
There are more than 7,000 unique islands in an area of the Americas known as the Caribbean, and St Lucia is one of them. Aside from that, it is one of the region’s 13 sovereign states, which means it is a self-governing area with its own government. St Lucia is a volcanic island located in the Eastern Caribbean that is part of a larger sequence of volcanic islands known as the Lesser Antilles. Do not be concerned, though, for the blas-tastic explosions that once plagued the region are no longer a threat!
- Lucia, last erupted in 1766 and is currently considered inactive.
- Here’s something to think about: the heat from the Earth’s core generates natural hot pools and bubbling mud springs where people may have a natural, super-relaxing bath!
- The Pitons rise majestically above the Caribbean Sea on the island’s west coast, where they are caressed by calm waves of the Caribbean Sea.
- St Lucia is a small island with a total length of 43 kilometers and a maximum width of 23 kilometers, however the terrain on the island is immensely diverse.
There are stunning mountains, lush jungles, volcanic sand beaches, and vibrant coral reefs to explore in this beautiful country! As a result, travelers from all over the world – particularly those who enjoy diving and snorkeling – go to St Lucia in large numbers.
St Lucia’s wildlifenature
The island of St Lucia is well-known for its incredible variety of birds! The Saint Lucian Parrot (Amazona versicolor) is the official bird of St Lucia, and it is one of five native parrot species and 157 bird species that inhabit on the island. The Saint Lucian Parrot is the national bird of St Lucia. Some 45 species may be found in the jungle, including three species of hummingbirds: the Antillean Crested Hummingbird, the Purple-throated Cariband the Green-throated Carib. As well as spectacular marine species, such as dolphins, whales and sea turtles may be found in abundance on St Lucia!
- There are three different types of sea turtles that can be found here.
- There are also some odd and eccentric wildlife species that may be found on the island, such as theagouti (a member of the rodent family), mongooses, opossums, bats, and wild pigs, among others.
- The island is home to four different snake species: the worm snake, the St Lucia lance head (also known as the fer de lance, a viper), the St Lucia racer, and the St Lucia boa constrictor.
- It was discovered in 1958 and is now considered to be one of the world’s most endangered lizards!
St Lucia’s history
It hasn’t always been St Lucia, believe it or not! The island was originally known as Iyonola by the Arawak Indians who resided on it as far back as 200AD. More than three hundred years later, around 800AD, another tribe of Amerindians known as theCaribstook possession of the country and renamed it Hewanorra. In the early sixteenth century, when the Europeans arrived on the island, the current name of the island was given to it for the first time. WHAT IF I TOLD YOU? The island’s earlier names, Iyonola and Hewanorra, both translate as “island of the iguanas.” Historically, Europeans are believed to have first arrived on the island around 1500, during a time when European countries were looking for new places to claim as theirs.
- The French were successful in establishing a long-term settlement in 1650, and in 1660, they signed a peace compact with the native Caribs, pledging to coexist peacefully in their new home.
- For years to come, the French and the English fought for St Lucia, with each side claiming seven different reigns over the island.
- However, in 1814, the British gained complete control of St Lucia, establishing it as a long-standing colony of the British Empire.
- In St Lucia and other parts of the Americas, Europeans cultivated lucrative products such as sugar and cotton, which were sent to Europe.
- The term “Transatlantic Slave Trade” was used to describe this phenomenon.
On a number of occasions throughout the 20th Century, British colonies across the world asserted their independence, declaring that they were no longer under British sovereignty. St Lucia was one of the last colonial states to achieve independence, becoming a sovereign state in 1979.
Overall, the population ofStLuciais around 178,000 persons in total. Despite the fact that it is a small country, generations of settlers from all over the world have contributed to its rich cultural heritage. It is now home to a diverse spectrum of religions, music, languages, and delectable delicacies! While European sovereignty was in place for centuries, the vast bulk of the population is derived from black Africans who were transported to St Lucia as enslaved people. There are also large numbers of mixed-race people of African, European, and Carib ancestry, as well as smaller numbers of white people (of European decent).
Despite the fact that English is the official language of St Lucia, a higher majority of the population speaks aFrench dialect known as Creole, which is a legacy of early French immigrants who arrived on the island.
In addition to marking the conclusion of theSt Lucia Summer Festival, the festival serves as an opportunity for St Lucians to commemorate their ancestry.
St Lucia’s governmenteconomy
St Lucia is an ademocratic country governed by a prime minister and administration that are chosen (by popular vote) by the citizens of the nation. Since joining the Commonwealth in 1979, St Lucia has been a member of the organization, which is led by Queen Elizabeth II, and which nations can choose to join or leave at any time. Countries of the Commonwealth cooperate and trade with one another, and they share a shared set of ideals, which include free and fair elections and respect for human rights, among other things.
Clothing and electrical items are also exported, but on a lower scale than other types of commodities.
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- Lucia is an authoritarian democracy in which the people of the nation pick a prime minister and a government to rule them. Founded in 1979, the Commonwealth is an organization led by Queen Elizabeth II, which nations can choose to join or quit at any time. St Lucia became a member of the Commonwealth in 1979. In addition to working and trading together, Commonwealth countries share a shared set of principles, including the importance of fair parliamentary elections and respect for human rights. Agricultural, notably bananas and other exotic fruits like mangoes, is the backbone of St Lucia’s economy. Tourism and agriculture are the mainstays of the island’s economy. Garments and electrical items are also exported, but in minor quantities compared to other products. Flights from London Gatwick to St Lucia are available for as little as £545 round-trip with British Airways. If you want to make a reservation, call: More information on Saint Lucia may be found at.
|Saint LuciaRegion:Caribbean2015 Population1: 184,999Total Area (sq.miles): 238Life Expectancy at Birth2: 75.3|
|Gross National Income Per Capita (PPP 2016 US $)2:$11,370Official Religion(s) or Church(es)3: Catholicism and Protestantism|
- England took control of the island from 1663 to 1667; in ensuing years, it was at war with France 14 times; and rule of the island changed frequently (it was seven times each ruled by the French and British).
- Because it switched so often between British and French control, Saint Lucia was also known as the “Helen of the West Indies”.
- From 1958 to 1962, the island was a member of the Federation of the West Indies.
- Saint Lucia is a mixed jurisdiction meaning that it has a legal system based in part on both the Civil Law and English common law.
- Lucia of 1867 was based on the Quebec Civil Code of 1866, as supplemented by English common law-style legislation.
It is also a member of la Francophonie. The island nation celebrates its independence every year with a public holiday. The financial sector has weathered the global financial crisis, but the recession has hurt tourism.4
It is an a democratic country with a prime minister and cabinet that have been elected (by popular vote) by the people of St Lucia. Since joining the Commonwealth in 1979, St Lucia has been a member of the organization, which is led by Queen Elizabeth II and which nations can choose to join or leave at any time. Countries of the Commonwealth cooperate and trade with one another, and they share a similar set of ideals, which include free and fair elections and the protection of human rights. The economy of St Lucia is based mostly on tourism and agriculture – notably bananas and other exotic fruits, such as mangoes – but it also has a thriving black market.
Flights from London Gatwick to St Lucia with British Airways start at £545 round-trip.
More information on Saint Lucia may be found here.