- 1 How does someone become a saint?
- 2 Step one: Wait five years – or don’t
- 3 Step two: Become a ‘servant of God’
- 4 Step three: Show proof of a life of ‘heroic virtue’
- 5 Step four: Verified miracles
- 6 Step five: Canonisation
- 7 More on this story
- 8 Saints
- 9 How does someone become a saint?
- 10 The Steps of Canonization
- 11 Lots More Information
- 12 How Does Someone Become a Saint? A 5-Step Process
- 13 Why does the Catholic Church choose one person over another to be a saint?
- 14 What is the process of being recognized as a saint in the Catholic Church?
- 15 5 Steps to Sainthood
- 16 Ten Steps to Becoming a Saint
How does someone become a saint?
AFP is the source of this image. Image caption, Pope John Paul II (right) has had two miracles credited to his intercession, while Pope John XXIII has only had one. Both Pope John Paul II and Pope John XXIII are set to be canonized by the Catholic Church in the near future. The BBC investigates the procedures that must be followed in order for an individual to be considered a saint in the eyes of the Vatican.
Step one: Wait five years – or don’t
It is customary for the process of canonization to begin at least five years following the death of the person being considered. This is done in order to give the individual’s emotions time to settle after the death and to guarantee that the individual’s situation can be reviewed objectively after the death. Some people will have to wait a long time before they are canonized as Catholic saints. Even though Saint Bede, a theologian, died in 735, it took 1,164 years before he was canonized as a saint.
St Bede died in 735 and was canonized in 1899, according to the image description.
The Pope, on the other hand, has the authority to waive the waiting time.
This was supposed to be a reflection of the overwhelming hierarchical support John Paul II received, as well as the widespread belief among the general public that he was a holy man.
Step two: Become a ‘servant of God’
AFP is the source of this image. Caption for the image Many Catholics look forward to the ceremony of canonization with bated breath. The bishop of the diocese where the deceased died can initiate an inquiry into their lives to see whether they led lives of sufficient holiness and virtue to be eligible for sainthood after the five-year period has expired or an exception has been granted. Religious organizations from other parts of the diocese might also approach the bishop and urge him to begin an investigation.
The bishop may request authorization to initiate a case from the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, which is the Vatican department that makes recommendations to the Pope on saints, if there is enough evidence to support it.
Step three: Show proof of a life of ‘heroic virtue’
AFP is the source of this image. Caption for the image Before a person is accorded the honor of being called “venerable,” evidence is assessed by Catholic Congregations and the Pope. The evidence of a candidate’s sanctity, work, and signals that people have been moved to prayer as a result of their example are scrutinized by the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, which is part of the Vatican. If the matter is approved by the Congregation, it is then forwarded to the Pope. If the Pope determines that a person has lived a life of “heroic virtue,” he or she might be elevated to the rank of “venerable.” Popes Paul VI and Pius XII are among those who have had the honor of being called “venerable.” Catherine McAuley, an Irish nun who created the Sisters of Mercy convent, and Scottish nun Margaret Sinclair are among the other notable figures in the world of religious women.
Step four: Verified miracles
After death, a miracle must be credited to the individual’s prayers in order for them to be elevated to the next step, known as beatification. The prayers that are granted are interpreted as evidence that the individual has already entered heaven and is therefore empowered to plead with God on behalf of others. AFP is the source of this image. Beatingification events often bring large crowds, as shown in the image description. Before an incident may be considered a miracle, it must first be “confirmed” by objective evidence.
Sister Marie stated that following Pope John Paul II’s death, she and her sister nuns prayed for the intercession of the Holy Father.
Upon being beatified, the candidate is bestowed the honor of being called “blessed.” There is one exemption to the miracle requirement: a martyr, or someone who died in the service of his religion, can be beatified even if no miracle has been proved.
Step five: Canonisation
Before moving on to the next level, beatification, a miracle must be credited to prayers offered to the deceased after their death. The prayers that are answered are seen as evidence that the individual has already entered heaven and is therefore able to plead with God on behalf of others. AFP provided the image. Beatification events may bring large throngs of people, as shown in the image caption. Prior to being acknowledged as miracles, events must be “confirmed” by supporting evidence. Vatican specialists investigated the medical evidence in the case of Pope John Paul II, which involved an apparently miraculous healing from Parkinson’s Disease of Sister Marie Simon-Pierre Normand, a 49-year-old French nun.
According to the Vatican, her remarkable recovery could not be explained by medical rationale.
There is one exemption to the miracle requirement: a martyr, or someone who died in the service of his religion, can be beatified even if no miracle has been shown.
The BBC is not responsible for the content of any web sites linked to from this one.
All Christians are called to be saints in some way or another. Saints are those in heaven (whether or not they have been officially canonized) who have led heroically virtuous lives, given their lives for the sake of others, or been slain for the religion, and who are worthy of imitation. According to formal Church protocols, a candidate for sainthood goes through three stages: first, he or she becomes “Venerable,” then “Blessed,” and finally “Saint.” A deceased person who has been legally acknowledged by the Pope as having lived a heroically virtuous life or who has donated their life as a sacrifice is known as a Venerable.
After being beatified, a second miracle is required for canonization. The pope has the authority to waive these criteria. In order to be beatified, there is no requirement for a miracle, yet a miracle is required in order for a martyr to be canonized.
To be a saint, every Christian is called. People in heaven who have led heroically virtuous lives, given their lives for the sake of others, or been murdered for the faith are considered saints and are worthy of imitation. Saints can be either formally recognized or unofficially recognized by the Church. According to formal Church protocols, a candidate for sainthood goes through three stages: first, he or she is designated as “Venerable,” then “Blessed,” and finally, “Saint. In the Catholic Church, a departed person is awarded the honor of being called “venerable” if they lived a heroically virtuous life or made the ultimate sacrifice by offering their life for the good of others.
A second miracle is required after beatification in order to be canonized.
In order to be beatified, no miracle must occur; nevertheless, a miracle must occur in order to be canonized.
When a saint was initially recognized, the procedure was based on widespread popular praise, known as the vox populi et Dei (voice of the people, voice of God) (voice of the people, voice of God). There was no formal canonical procedure in the traditional sense of the term as understood today. Before someone could be canonized, the assistance of the local bishop was necessary, beginning in the sixth century and lasting until the twelfth century. The involvement of the local bishop was generally preceded by a request from the local community for the bishop to acknowledge someone as a saint by the local community.
- When a cause was established in the 10th century, the customary procedures were followed: the person’s fame would spread, a request to the local bishop for his or her declaration as saint would be made, and a biography would be produced for the bishop’s consideration.
- In the following step, the Pope considered the case and, if he accepted it, issued a decree designating the individual a canonized saint.
- Ulric was the earliest known instance of papal invention, which occurred on January 31, 993, under the authority of Pope John XV.
- One of its responsibilities was to aid the Pope in the process of assessing causes.
- The 1917 Code of Canon Law had 145 canons (cc.
- It was the local bishop’s responsibility to check on the person’s reputation, ensure that a biography was available, gather eye witness testimony, and examine the person’s written works as part of the episcopal process.
- Following the receipt of the proof, the apostolic procedure consisted in analyzing it, gathering further evidence, researching it, investigating any supposed miracles, and then presenting it to the Pope for his assent.
- Since the earliest decades of the Christian era, no accurate tally of persons who have been designated saints has been kept.
It is widely regarded that this book and its later additions, which were written exclusively in Latin, constitute the authoritative index of all reasons that have been brought to the Congregation since its founding.
American Saints, Blesseds and Venerables
We have been blessed with a large number of Saints, Blesseds, and Venerables in the American Church. Each one, in his or her own manner, bears testimony to Christ’s love, whether via martyrdom or living virtuous lives in the context of our American society. At the present time, there are eleven American Saints: St. Frances Xavier Cabrini, St. Marianne Cope, St. Katharine Drexel, St. Rose Philippine Duchesne, St. Mother Théodore Guérin, St. Isaac Jogues and the North American Martyrs, St. John Neumann, St.
Father Junipero Serra, O.F.M., St.
Both of these saints are from the United States (Teresa Demjanovich).
Cap., Venerable Cornelia Connelly, S.H.C.J., Venerable Henriette Delille, S.S.F., Venerable Father So
Stage I – Examining the Life of a Candidate for Sainthood
Phase 1: Diocesan or Eparchial Administration Before a cause of action can be filed, five years must have passed after the death of the candidate. This is done in order to allow for more balance and impartiality in judging the situation, as well as to allow for the dissipation of the emotions of the moment. The pope has the authority to waive this waiting time. The bishop of the diocese or eparchy in which the individual died is in charge of initiating an investigation into his or her death. The petitioner (which might include, for example, the diocese/eparchy, the bishop, a religious order, or an organization of the faithful) requests that the bishop initiate an inquiry by contacting the bishop through a person known as the postulator.
- Following the completion of these conversations and the receipt of a “nihil obstat” from the Holy See, the archbishop convenes a diocesan or episcopal tribunal.
- It is necessary to obtain and study materials written by and about the candidate, as well as documents written by or about the candidate’s opponent.
- A final report is produced by the diocesan or eparchial investigation, and the paperwork is forwarded to the Congregation for the Cause of Saints.
- An investigation of the “Positio” is conducted by nine theologians, who vote on whether or not the applicant led a heroic life or was martyred.
It is only if their assessment is favorable that they offer their findings to Pope Benedict XVI, who provides his assent and enables the Congregation to produce a decree designating one Venerable if they have led a life of noble deeds or Blessed if they have been slain, as appropriate.
Stage II – Beatification
Phase 1: Diocesan or Eparchial Levels of Administration Before a cause may be started, five years must have passed after the candidate’s death. Thereby allowing for better balance and objectivity in appraising the issue, but also allowing for the dissipation of the emotions that are present at the time There is no need for this waiting time if the pope so chooses. To commence the inquiry, it is necessary to first consult with the bishop of the diocese or eparchy where the deceased individual died.
- In the following weeks, the bishop will meet with the episcopal conference, the faithful of his diocese or eparchy, and representatives from the Holy See.
- It is necessary to acquire and study materials written by and about the candidate, as well as documents written by or about the candidate’s supporters.
- A final report is issued by the diocesan or eparchial investigation, and the paperwork is forwarded to the Congregation for the Cause of Saints.
- An investigation of the “Positio” is conducted by nine theologians, who vote on whether or not the applicant led a heroic life or endured martyrdom.
- It is only if their assessment is favorable that they offer their findings to Pope Benedict XVI, who provides his permission and enables the Congregation to produce a decree designating one Venerable if they have led a life of noble deeds or Blessed if they have been slain.
Stage III – Canonization
It is necessary for canonization for both Blessed martyrs and Blesseds who led a virtuous life that another miracle be performed, which must be ascribed to the intercession of the Blessed and must have occurred after the Blessed’s beatification. The procedures for confirming the miracle are the same as those that are followed in the process of beatification. The process of canonization permits the Saint to be publicly venerated by the whole Church, which is known as the universal church. The Blessed is elevated to the status of Saint upon his or her canonization.
- Robert Sarno is a Catholic priest.
- Sources: Abridged from “Canonical process for causes of saints,” published by the Vatican Information Service on September 12, 1997, and from “Saints in the Catholic Church,” published by the Vatican Information Service on July 29, 1997, respectively.
- Instruction The proclamation of Sanctorum Mater was issued on May 17, 2007.
- Publisher: HarperCollinsEncyclopedia of Catholicism, edited by Richard P.
Regulations in Inquisitionibus abEpiscopis Faciendis in Causa Sanctorum were promulgated on February 7, 1983, and are still in effect today. Reports from the Vatican Information Service from May 18, 1999, July 30, 1999, and January 28, 2000, and July 31, 2000 are available.
How does someone become a saint?
Many of the world’s faiths give unique prestige on persons who live lives of nearly flawless morality, as demonstrated by their actions. Religions differ in terms of the titles given to these individuals. Saints are what the Catholic church refers to them as. The process through which someone is elevated to the status of a saint is known as canonization. The Catholic church has canonized around 3,000 persons – the precise number is uncertain because not all saints have been formally recognized as saints by the Catholic church.
- For hundreds of years, saints were selected based on popular vote.
- In the last 1,000 years, the process of canonization has been changed many times, most recently by Pope John Paul II in 1983.
- The devil’s advocate was the individual who was assigned to challenge the evidence that was presented in support of the canonization process.
- However, it may also be “accelerated,” as in the example of Mother Teresa of Calcutta, who is well-known for her work with the underprivileged in India and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1998.
- The Vatican refused.
- As a result of his decision in 1999, the pope allowed the canonization process to get underway right away.
The Steps of Canonization
The following are the stages that must be completed in order for a person to be canonized:
- A local bishop conducts an investigation of the candidate’s life and writings to determine whether or not he possesses heroic virtue. A copy of the material obtained by the bishop is forwarded to the Vatican. In order to analyze the candidate’s life, a panel of theologians and cardinals from the Congregation for the Cause of Saints is convened. If the nominee receives approval from the panel, the Pope declares him or her to be venerable, which signifies that the individual is an example of Catholic virtues. The next stage on the path to sainthood is beatification, which permits a person to be recognized and celebrated by a specific group or geographical area. In order for a candidate to be beatified, it must be demonstrated that the individual was responsible for a posthumous miracle. Martyrs – individuals who died in the service of their religious beliefs – can be beatified without the need for a miracle to be performed. Mother Teresa was beatified on October 20, 2003, in Rome. As Blessed Mother Teresa of Kolkata, she was given the honor of being declared a saint. In order to be designated a saint, the candidate must have evidence of a second posthumous miracle. If there is, the individual is declared a saint.
The Vatican must be notified of these supposed miracles so that they can be verified. A little girl who had consumed seven times the deadly quantity of Tylenol was miraculously cured by Sister Teresia Benedicta of the Cross, and the Vatican confirmed this in 1997. In order to obtain assistance, the girl’s family is claimed to have turned to the soul of Sister Teresia. Some “almost-miracles” occurred in Mother Teresa’s case, but they fell short of the church’s criterion that the cures be devoid of medical explanations in order to be considered miraculous.
- During her prayer time at the Missionaries of Charity chapel, she noticed a beam of light emanating from a photograph of Mother Teresa.
- Her tumor had vanished by the next morning, and she was no longer in need of surgical intervention.
- His wife prayed to Mother Teresa for assistance and placed a relic of Mother Teresa on his head as a sign of respect.
- All of the abscesses and fluid in the brain had been removed.
- In 2016, the nun was canonized and given the name Saint Teresa of Calcutta.
- There are certain saints who are chosen to be patron saints, special protectors or guardians for specific jobs or illnesses as well as for specific churches, nations, or causes.
- He is widely regarded as the author of the world’s first encyclopedia.
His canonization did not take place in this instance, and he was just made a saint in 1997, without going through the formal procedure. To see a complete list of patron saints, please visit this page. The original publication date was April 20, 2001.
According to the Catholic Church, the pope does not confer sainthood on individuals; rather, he canonizes them in order to make official what God has already accomplished through them. It was Pope John XV who established the canonization procedure in the tenth century. For hundreds of years before that, saints were chosen based on public opinion.
What are the steps to becoming a saint?
The process by which someone is elevated to the status of a saint in the Catholic church is known as canonization. Each stage in this procedure is broken down into the following five components: 1. First, a local bishop examines the candidate’s life to determine whether or not they have demonstrated their virtue. A copy of this information is forwarded to the Vatican. 2. Following that, a group of theologians and cardinals from the Congregation for the Cause of Saints assesses the candidate’s life in greater depth and detail.
- After receiving approval from the commission, the Pope deems the candidate venerable, which means that they are a model of Catholic virtues in general.
- Beatification is the next stage on the path to sainthood, and it allows the individual to be recognized in other regions and by other organizations.
- This rule does not apply to martyrs, as previously stated.
- In order to be recognized as a saint, they must have have been responsible for a second miraculous occurrence.
What makes a person a saint?
In colloquial speech, the term “saint” is used to refer to someone who is extraordinarily nice or holy. In the context of the Catholic church, on the other hand, proclaiming someone a saint involves a five-step canonization procedure that entails gathering evidence of the person’s virtuous traits as well as two posthumous miracles that may be attributed to the individual.
What does beatification mean?
It is the phase that comes immediately before being declared a saint. When a person is beatified, it indicates that they have attained eternal life and are in a position to intercede with the Lord on behalf of others if they so want.
What is considered a miracle for sainthood?
A miracle is an event that is unusual and extraordinary, and that cannot be explained by scientific and/or natural laws, and is thus referred to as such.
Lots More Information
A miracle is defined as an occurrence that is unique and extraordinary in nature and that cannot be explained by scientific and/or natural laws. Canonization is the formal procedure through which someone is declared a saint by the Catholic Church. Prior to the year 1234, there was no such thing as a formal procedure in the Catholic Church. It was customary for the Church to declare martyrs and individuals who had been acknowledged as holy saints at the time of their deaths. For centuries prior to the establishment of Christianity by Emperor Constantine in the year 313 AD, the grave sites of martyrs, such as St.
- They were commemorated on the anniversaries of their deaths, which were noted on the local church’s calendar.
- As time progressed, the Church recognized the need to strengthen the criteria for canonization.
- Another instance occurred when the local church in Sweden declared a monk who had been slain in a drunken altercation to be a martyr, despite the fact that this was not a case of martyrdom.
- The entire procedure was overseen by the Congregation of Rites (later known as the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints) after Pope Sixtus V handed it to them in 1588.
- In today’s world, the procedure is as follows: It is customary for the Bishop of the Diocese to conduct an investigation when a person who possesses “famous of holiness” or “fame of martyrdom” passes away.
- The Church will also look into the candidate’s writings to determine whether they include “purity of doctrine,” which means that they contain nothing that is erroneous or contrary to the faith.
- Further inquiry is carried out once the Congregation has agreed on the cause of the problem.
In other circumstances, the congregation looks to determine if the applicant was driven by a deep love for his neighbor and if he demonstrated the virtues in an exemplary and heroic manner during his life.
Once a candidate has been determined to have lived a life of heroic virtue, he may be elevated to the rank of Venerable.
By virtue of his or her martyrdom, a martyr may be beatified and pronounced “Blessed.” Unless this is proven, the candidate will be credited with a miracle.
Once a candidate saint has been beatified, he or she may be worshipped, but only in a particular city, diocese, area, or religious family.
After beatification, a second miracle is required before canonization and the canonical proclamation of sainthood may be conferred upon the individual.
TeresaBenedicta of the Cross.” Here are just a handful of the high points of her life: She was born in Breslau, Germany, and attended both the University of Breslau and the University of Gottingen, where she worked as a teaching assistant for the great philosopher Edmund Husserl.
She was baptized and welcomed into the Catholic Church on January 1, 1922, after a period of struggle with her Jewish beliefs and being moved toward Catholicism.
Originally from Germany, she entered the Carmelite convent in Cologne in 1933, but she was transported to the monastery in Echt (Holland) in 1938 in order to safeguard the other sisters.
She was sent to Auschwitz and gassed on August 9, 1942, as a result of her dual citizenship.
However, when the sisters cleaned her cell at the monastery, they discovered a little picture on the back of which she had written: “I desire to offer my life as a sacrifice for the salvation of Jews.” She had truly surrendered her life to the Lord.
The condition of the small child continued to deteriorate.
Second, after conducting a thorough investigation into her life and works, he and his wife named their newborn daughter Teresia Benedicta.) The small child miraculously healed when her mother invoked the intercession of St.
When the cure was discovered in 1998, the Sacred Congregation for the Causes of Saints determined that it was impossible to attribute it to natural causes and that it must instead be attributed to divine intervention through St.
Due to the fact that she was a martyr and is now acting as an intercessor for a miracle healing, Pope John Paul II declared her a saint.
VaticanII issued the following proclamation: “God manifests His presence and His face to humanity in a visceral way through the lives of those of our partners in the human situation who are more thoroughly transformed into the image of Christ.
We do not only treasure the memory of those in heaven because they serve as examples; rather, we hope that through this commitment to the exercise of brotherly love, the unity of the whole Church in the Spirit will be reinforced.” ” (“Lumen Gentium,” No. 50).
a Reverend William Saunders “The Process of Becoming a Saint” is the title of this article. The Arlington Catholic Herald is a newspaper published in Arlington, Virginia. Unless otherwise stated, this piece is reproduced with permission from the Arlington Catholic Herald.
Pastor of Our Lady of Hope church in Potomac Falls, Virginia, Father William Saunders is a native of the United Kingdom. Currently, he serves as dean of Christendom College’s Notre Dame Graduate School. The preceding item is a “Straight Answers” piece he authored for theArlington Catholic Herald. Straight Answers, a book based on 100 of Father Saunders’ columns, and Straight Answers II are among the books written by Father Saunders. Copyright Copyright 2003Arlington Catholic Herald return to the beginning
How Does Someone Become a Saint? A 5-Step Process
The majority of the time, individuals are interested in the answer to this question because they want to know the steps involved in having someone canonized within the Catholic Church. However, it may be beneficial to first consider the Church’s goal for sainthood before proceeding. If you want a clear response, the Catholic Church believes that anybody may become a saint, which is defined as someone who makes it to the Celestial Kingdom. All men and women, regardless of their status in life (whether they are priests or single men and women, religious sisters, or anybody else) are called by the Catholic Church to seek holiness and sainthood.
Why does the Catholic Church choose one person over another to be a saint?
We might casually refer to someone as a saint while the Church is in the process of canonizing him or her. However, properly speaking, the Church does not create saints; rather, it honors someone who has died and gone to paradise. Apart from that, the Church is seeking for individuals whose lives are worthy of imitation and to such a degree that they should be held up as examples to the rest of the congregation. Individuals who are familiar with these criteria will have a better grasp of the process through which the Catholic Church recognizes saints.
What is the process of being recognized as a saint in the Catholic Church?
This is most likely the true question that most people are asking when they inquire about how someone becomes a saint: “How does someone become a saint?” The five steps are as follows.
5 Steps to Sainthood
Initially, the local bishop looks into the life of the individual, gathering information from witnesses to their life and any writings they may have left behind in their own time. If the bishop determines that they are deserving of being canonized, he presents the information he has acquired to the Vatican’s Congregation for the Causes of Saints for consideration. Second, the Congregation for the Causes of Saints has the option of either rejecting the application or accepting it and launching their own study into the person’s life and circumstances.
- Although it is not a pronouncement that the individual is in heaven, it is a statement that they pursued holiness while on earth.
- Fourth, in order for someone to be regarded as someone in heaven, a miracle must have occurred as a result of the intercession of that individual.
- The healing must be quick, permanent, and full, and it must be scientifically unexplained in order to be effective.
- If this is the case, the individual is referred to as blessed.
- To be declared a saint, a second miracle must occur before the decision can be made.
- For the most part, the five-step procedure serves as a rough blueprint for how someone might become a saint.
- Astonishing Parish’s Executive Director of Programming, Kevin Cotter, is a member of the Amazing Parish team.
- A bachelor’s degree in Religious Studies and Philosophy from Benedictine College and a master’s degree in Sacred Scripture from the Augustine Institute are among Kevin’s academic achievements.
Kevin and his family presently reside in Denver, Colorado, with his wife, Lisa, and their two sons.
Ten Steps to Becoming a Saint
There are around 10,000 saints listed in the Christian Canon, with more being added on an annual basis. In fact, as you read this, the Vatican is evaluating miracles and particular individuals in order to determine whether or not they should be declared saints. This method, on the other hand, is extremely lengthy (it may take millennia) and extremely complex, requiring the compliance with hundreds of regulations and precedents. Because of this, the process of becoming a Christian saint may be condensed down to only 10 straightforward stages.
- Sainthood is defined by the fact that you have been admitted into Heaven by God himself and that you have beatific vision, which enables God to perform miracles through you.
- Martyrdom is the term used to describe this.
- In Turkey, Saint Bartholomew the Apostle was skinned alive and then executed for his faith.
- The story goes that, as he was slowly roasting to death on a red-hot gridiron, he muttered to his executors, “I’m well done on this side.” “Please hand me over.” This 1581 painting depicts the martyrdom of St Lawrence, who was roasted to death on the orders of Roman Emperor Valerian.
- Wikimedia Commons is a free online repository of information.
- One of the most important points made during the Protestant Reformation in the sixteenth century was that people had become so fascinated with saints that they were worshipping them rather than God himself.
- As a result, many Protestant churches, such as Lutherans, Baptists, and Pentecostals, do not recognize any saints who were created after the Reformation as legitimate.
Protestants believe that no one on Earth has the ability to make a saint, which is why only a small number of faiths produce and adore their own saints.
This was the first time this had happened since the Reformation.
The Eastern Orthodox and other Orthodox faiths have their own method for making and veneration saints, although it is rarely utilized and is significantly more difficult to follow than the one used by the Roman Catholic Church.
As a result, you are no longer alive.
You’ll need a small number of devoted fans and followers who will visit your tomb, site of death, or place of birth on a regular basis, asserting that miracles have occurred as a result of their prayers for you, and who will proclaim you a healer or martyr.
This type of religious rite first appeared in the third century and gained popularity in the fourth and sixth centuries.
The tomb is now known as the Thomas Becket Memorial.
“Mad Henry” of Fordwich was carried inside the church by two caretakers, who pulled him into the cathedral.
It is estimated that about 700 miracles were performed, all of which were recorded and communicated to the Pope in Rome, who canonized Saint Thomas of Canterbury barely two years later (in a process that took almost a century).
It is one of the numerous miracles St Thomas Becket accomplished after his death, and it is depicted in the’miracle windows’ of Canterbury Cathedral (which depict many of those miracles).
For much of history, all that was required to be declared a saint and honored was the agreement and dispensation of the local bishop.
The method was first described in the 400s by St Augustine of Hippo (d.430).
He would then communicate his decision to his archbishop, and if the latter agreed, you would be canonized and your relics would be deposited in churches so that they might be publicly revered.
When Pope John XV canonized Udalrich, Bishop of Augsburg in 993, he made history by being the first bishop to canonize someone from outside his own diocese of Rome.
Because of this approach, Pope Alexander III decreed in 1170 that only the pope, as God’s sole agent on Earth, had the ability to declare someone a saint, and that only the pope had the authority to do so.
Since then, only the pope has had the authority to canonize a person as a saint.
Wikimedia Commons is a free online repository of information.
Since the 1500s, all candidates for canonization who were presented to Rome by their bishops had their cases evaluated and adjudicated by the Sacred Congregation for Rites, which had the responsibility of determining the legitimacy of each case before recommending a decision to the Pope on the matter.
- The Congregation for the Causes of Saints and the method for canonization were both changed in 1983 to make the process more easy and less random and corrupt.
- Following a petition from your cult followers, the bishop of the parish where you died starts an investigation into your merits.
- Your publications, speeches, and sermons are scrutinized, and an in-depth history of your life is prepared based on eyewitness descriptions of your life events.
- However, while this is taking place, strong procedures are in place to ensure that no ‘pagan’ worship of your body or artifacts occurs.
- Your matter has been forwarded to the Congregation in Rome for consideration.
In the event that they have enough proof, they will suggest to the Pope that he declare your ‘heroic virtue.’ As a result, the Pope and the Catholic Church have recognized your commitment to the theological qualities of faith and hope as well as charitable deeds, justice, fortitude, and temperance.
- In this painting by J.
- Wikimedia Commons is a free online repository of information.
- Despite the fact that St Bede, the English Benedictine monk and historian, was pronounced Venerable shortly after his death in 735, it was not until 1899, more than eleven hundred years later, that he was officially canonized by Pope Leo XIII.
- As the next step in the canonization process, beatification entails receiving confirmation from the Pope that you are in Heaven and have been saved, so earning you the title of “the Blessed.” The conditions under which you are granted this title are important.
- If you were not a martyr and your case is based on how you gave testimony to God throughout your life, you must provide evidence that you performed a miracle during your life or after your death, as well as evidence that God has granted you beatific vision, among other things.
- Examples include the extraordinary and unexplainable recovery of American deacon Jack Sullivan from a spinal cord illness in 2001, who ascribed his health to his prayers to the Venerable Cardinal John Henry Newman, who had been honored in 1991.
- As an abeati, you now have the right to a feast day, which can only be celebrated in your home diocese and at specific locations linked with you.
This is the Promoter of the Faith, also known as theAdvocatus Diabolo, or ‘Devil’s Advocate,’ because he represents the devil.
The Devil’s Advocate was first mentioned at the beatification of St Lawrence Justinian under Pope Leo X in the 1510s, but it was not until Pope Sixtus V in 1587 that the post was established as a formal institution.
However, in very contentious situations, the Vatican may still summon detractors of the candidates to speak in their favor.
During the conversation, Hitchens referred to her as “an extreme religious zealot” and “a phony.” The final step in the Congregation for the Causes of Saints is to have a second miracle attributed to you in order to be considered a saint.
Do you recall Blessed Cardinal Newman?
On the 12th of February, the congregation acknowledged this second miracle, and Newman’s case was forwarded to the commission of bishops for consideration.
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The most recent instance of this was in 2014, when Pope Francis canonized St Pope John XXIII, who had convened the historic Second Vatican Council in 1962 and was the first Pope to do so.
However, you are still far from becoming a saint.
If they are pleased and the motion for your canonization is approved, you are eventually handed over to the Pope for the glorification that will take place during your canonization celebration.
Following that, St Peter’s Square is jam-packed with members of the College of Cardinals, tens of thousands of priests, nuns, and other religious leaders from around the world, as well as representatives from other denominations and hundreds of thousands of faithful who have traveled to participate in the event.
- Peter’s Square in 2014 for the canonization of Popes John Paul II and John XXIII, according to reports.
- A total of 1.5 million individuals were said to have attended the ceremony.
- An excerpt from your writing or ruminations is read aloud before a hymn by the Vatican Choir is performed to kick off the ceremony.
- The Prefect and members of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints then go to the Pope and ask him to proceed with the canonization of you and any other Blesseds who are being considered for canonization.
After that, the pope says the magic words (in Latin): “In honour of the Holy Trinity, for the glory of the Catholic faith and the development of the Christian life, with the authority of Our Lord Jesus Christ, of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul, and of Ourself, after long reflection, invoked divine assistance many times and listened to the opinion of many of our Fathers in the Episcopated, declare and define as a saint the Blessedand insert their name in the Canon of the Saints and est” This is being said in the name of the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit.
That’s all there is to it!
It has been officially decreed that you are imbued with the holiness of God and that you will sit in the presence of the likes of St Peter and Moses in Heaven.
You are the owner of the Keys to the Kingdom of Heaven, and it may only have taken a few hundred years for you to achieve this status.