How Did Yves Saint Laurent Die

Yves Saint Laurent: the battle for his life story

When Yves Saint Laurent volunteered to be shot by documentary filmmaker David Teboul for a rare behind-the-scenes glimpse at his work in 2001, he was just seven years away from his untimely death. While watching a slideshow of family pictures in the opening scene, he grimaces and says, “I used to be the ‘grand couturier’.” His voice is both mournful and self-deprecating; it is the sound of an elderly man gazing back over a great distance at his fragile 16-year-old self, who is hunched over his beautifully clothed paper dolls with his head lowered in shame and regret.

Six decades later, the story of the small child who grew up to be the century’s most famous fashion designer and who performed the role of “grand couturier” continues to captivate audiences.

The second, Yves Saint Laurent, directed by actor/director Jalil Lespert, is currently at the top of the French box office.

Pierre Bergé, Saint Laurent’s business partner, has offered Lespert access to his huge archives, and he expressed his displeasure with the competing endeavor on Twitter last year: “I am the moral heir to YSL’s creative output.

The focus of his biopic will be on Yves during the years in which he produced his most important works (the decade that culminated in his triumphant Ballet Russes collection in 1976); and Bonello is positioning his version as the “unauthorised” story – one that will portray Yves’s truth rather than Pierre’s – in order to distinguish it from Pierre’s.

Some of the biggest names in fashion, from Lanvin’s Alber Elbaz toTom Ford, have spent time at the leadership of the business since the late 1990s.

His death from brain cancer occurred in 2008; four years later, Hedi Slimane, who had been employed as a menswear designer in 1996, returned to the company and instantly abbreviated the label’s name to Saint Laurent.

The move sparked an instant outpouring of opposition, as well as a surprisingly long-lasting backlash: last fall, the Parisian retailer Colette fell out with the label over T-shirts bearing the slogan: “AIN’T LAURENT WITHOUT YVES.” It’s not difficult to understand the public’s obsession with the YSL narrative, which is a storyline that combines spectacular public achievement with personal sorrow.

  • After winning an international design competition (beating future competitor Karl Lagerfeld) at the age of 18, he was employed by fashion’s reigning Sun King, Christian Dior, at the age of just 18.
  • As portrayed by Pierre Niney, he is at once ferociously demanding and terribly bashful, pampered and comfortable – just as he had been in Algeria – in a world of loving ladies, and he is a complex character.
  • Yves Saint Laurent with models in 1962, stepping into the spotlight.
  • The French newspaper L’Express declared him “France’s latestenfant triste,” referring to him as “another of the country’s new breed of gloomy prodigies,” which also includes novelistFrançoise Sagan and painter Bertrand Buffet.
  • It was the most dramatic fashion binge ever witnessed.” Amidst the gushing praise, there were others who were skeptical.
  • He crumbled after being ejected from his Avenue Montaigne haven and was committed to a psychiatric institution just three weeks after reporting for duty: a failed young man at the age of twenty-four.
  • Pierre Bergé, Buffet’s then-boyfriend, had introduced him to the fashion house shortly after his Dior debut in 1958, and the two had begun a personal and professional connection that would last until the end of his life.

Their responsibilities were quite apparent from the beginning.

As for Niney, the filmmaker has discovered an actor who is arguably even more like Saint Laurent than the designer himself: troubled, passionate, and yet endearingly infantile as he slips out of couture’s regulated environment and into the unfettered decadence of the 1960s.

There are also flashes of a steel tension that only a few people saw, or chose to notice.

“Yves was a very strong person,” says Susan Train, Condé Nast’s Paris bureau chief and a friend of both Saint Laurent and Bergé.

Yves was completely reliant on Pierre, and he would never have achieved the kind of success that he did if it hadn’t been for him.” It took time for Yves Saint Laurent to achieve popularity; the inaugural Yves Saint Laurent presentation, held in January 1962, got a mixed reception.

He came up with concepts that became instant hits and later timeless classics, such as the Mondrian-print shift dress, the Saharienne safari jacket, the Le Smoking trouser suit, and Catherine Deneuve’sBelle de Jourwardrobe, among others.

It was no longer the youthful, inexperienced Yves, but a pleasant, seemingly confident guy who was more than simply a household name – like Coco Chanel, he had become the most alluringly potent manifestation of his brand.

His black suits were replaced with luxuriantly louche kaftans, silk shirts, suede jackets, and leather trenchcoats, all of which were made in Italy.

In order to do this, his orders were clear: “I want to stir up controversy.” 1967’s “Le Smoking Suit” exemplifies the art of clothing.

He was high on success, on fame, and on an ever-changing cocktail of alcohol, acid, and cocaine when he danced the night away in the 1960s and 1970s.

Away from the cameras, Yves and Pierre had a series of heated, even violent exchanges as Pierre struggled to keep both the firm and Yves personally afloat.

As the years passed, they each developed new hobbies, new passions, and new lovers (most notably, Lagerfeld protégé Jacques de Bascher, whose involvement with Yves gave another layer to the fierce Lagerfeld/Saint Laurent rivalry), and their relationship began to deteriorate.

In the meantime, while Pierre became an increasingly combative spokesperson, Yves shrank away from the public glare, tired by the fashion treadmill but seemingly unable to get off.

For example, Warhol wrote in his diaries: “Loulout informed us that YSL was such a genius that he just couldn’t handle it anymore, that he had to take a million medications, and that the whole workplace was so depressed when he was depressed.”.

“Everything he had, I didn’t have,” Yves said back in 2001.

At the same time, he signed his name to everything from sunglasses to bed linens to cigarettes – and licensed a range of era-defining fragrances (Opium, Jazz, Kouros) that would keep YSL’s name firmly in the spotlight even as the man behind the initials slowly faded away from the public’s consciousness.

  1. “You know, I’m not that nice,” Lespert confesses to Bergé early in the film’s running time.
  2. Charlotte Lebon co-stars with Pierre Niney in the new film.
  3. Thibault Grabherr captured this image.
  4. Although that universe has faded in some ways, it still exists in the world of fashion, particularly in Paris: after all, it has only been three years since John Galliano – another indulged Dior boy wonder – suffered his own shockingly public fall from grace.
  5. A last scene in Lespert’s video shows Yves staggering down the runway, his mouth hanging open and his eyes lost behind his spectacles, his movements uneven and unpredictably unsure.

It’s difficult to say. Indeed, even during his lifetime, the fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent spent decades shrouded in speculation and rumor, with his life story having become more legend than fact for much of the time. The Yves Saint Laurentis collection was launched on March 21st.

Pierre Bergé, partner of Yves Saint Laurent, dies at 86

AFP is the source of this image. Image caption,Pierre Bergé was a successful businessman, philanthropist, and LGBT rights campaigner, but he is best known as Yves Saint Laurent’s long-term business partner. Pierre Bergé, a French businessman who worked with his partner Yves Saint Laurent to establish the fashion house as a global brand, passed away at his home in the south of France. According to the nonprofit that the two men founded, the 86-year-old had been suffering from a protracted illness.

  1. Bergé was also a patron of the arts in both France and Morocco, and he was known for his generosity.
  2. A funeral service was held for him on Friday at his house in St.
  3. Jack Lang, a former French cultural minister, described him as a “real prince of the arts and culture.” Jacques Bergé was an ambitious provincial who arrived to Paris after World War II and made himself at home amid the city’s artistic and fashion establishments.
  4. He was strolling along the Champs-Elysées at the time of the incident.
  5. AFP is the source of this image.
  6. Image caption However, according to Hugh Schofield, the BBC’s Paris correspondent, it was his meeting with the young designer Yves Saint Laurent in 1958 that forever changed his life.
  7. The selling of the fashion firm in the 1990s resulted in both of them becoming extremely rich.
  8. Bergé had planned to open two museums devoted to Yves Saint Laurent in Paris and Marrakech this fall, but the plans were scrapped.
  9. And we set out to establish a significant new couture company, which proved to be a tremendous success “In 2016, he spoke on the Witness television show.
  10. However, this era with Yves Saint Laurent was wonderful, but that was 50 years ago now.”
You might be interested:  When Is Saint Nick Night

More on this story

He died on Sunday in his Paris apartment, where he had lived since 1958, when he burst onto the fashion scene as the boy-wonder successor to Christian Dior and remained one of the best-known and most important couturiers of the second half of the twentieth century. He was 71 years old. Dominique Deroche, a spokesman for the Pierre Bergé-Yves Saint Laurent Foundation, announced the fashion designer’s death on Monday. His career, which spanned from 1957 to 2002, was largely responsible for changing the way modern women dress, introducing them to pants for both day and night, peacoats and safari jackets, “le smoking” (as the French refer to a man’s tuxedo jacket), and leopard prints, trench coats, and, for a brief period in the 1970s, peasant-inspired clothing in luxurious fabrics.

  1. Saint Laurent brought Parisian beatnik style to the couture runways and adapted sailors’ peacoats he spotted in Army-Navy stores in New York into jackets that made their way into the wardrobes of beautiful ladies all over the world.
  2. More than anything else, he was a great colorist, capable of combining hues as disparate as green with blue and rose with yellow in a single suit to create an effect that was both creative and never gaudy.
  3. After the death of Christian Dior, Mr.
  4. However, unlike many other instant stars, Mr.
  5. Image courtesy of the Associated Press For many years after he established his own couture firm in 1962, his shows were highly awaited by fashion lovers, who regarded his collections to be the definitive expression of the season’s style at the time.
  6. Among his most notable accomplishments were his Mondrian collection, which was based on the Dutch artist’s gridlike works, and the “rich peasant” collection, which drew so widespread attention that the show in Paris was restaged in New York for his American fans.
  7. Saint Laurent evolved into a more conservative designer, one who believes in evolution rather than revolution.

In the words of the designer himself, “my tiny task as a couturier is to develop clothing that represent our times.” “I’m persuaded that ladies like to dress in pants.” A Once-in-a-Lifetime Opportunity At the age of 47, his work had already been recognized by fashion scholars as being so fundamentally important to women’s dress that a retrospective of his designs was held at the Costume Institute of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, marking the first time the museum had given such recognition to a living designer.

  1. David Bowie was hailed as “a living genius” and “the Pied Piper of fashion,” according to Diana Vreeland, the famed magazine editor and doyenne of the Costume Institute, who oversaw the exhibition’s planning.
  2. Following that show, retrospectives were held in Paris, Beijing, Moscow, St.
  3. Nonetheless, Mr.
  4. The young prodigy had matured into a respected elder statesman.
  5. You should be able to make use of the items you already own while also adding to your collection.
  6. Because so many of his early ideas found their way into the public realm of fashion (and into the collections of many other designers), he managed to maintain his preeminent position in the world of fashion even after his retirement from the industry in 2002.
  7. His father worked as an attorney and insurance broker, and his mother was a lady with a distinct sense of style.

Besides his mother and sisters, who are all from Paris, he has no further relatives.

When he was 11, he was inspired by a Molière play and decided to reproduce it in miniature by putting the clothes together on a piece of construction paper.

“(His mother, sitting in the front row at all his performances and wearing only his designs, became his biggest supporter.)” Mr.

He briefly studied design at the Chambre Syndicale de la Couture before dropping out because he was bored, according to him.

This resulted in an interview with Christian Dior, who saw an eerie likeness between Mr.

Given the young designer’s abilities, Dior immediately appointed him as an assistant to his own design team.

In 1957, after Christian Dior died unexpectedly, startling the fashion world, the House of Dior selected Yves Saint Laurent as its new chief designer.

It was the trapeze that served as the inspiration for Mr.

The trapeze was a young style that began with narrow shoulders and a high waistline, then flared out softly to a wide hemline.

Saint Laurent’s name was on its way to becoming a household name throughout Europe and America.

While he waved to the throng below the balcony of the House of Dior on the Avenue Montaigne, newsboys sang his victory throughout the streets of Paris.

Image Photograph courtesy of Jacques Langevin/Associated Press Knitted turtlenecks and black leather jackets were the focus of his final collection for Dior, which debuted in July 1960 and was dubbed “chic beatnik.” It was met with less enthusiasm at first, but soon the style came to be recognized as the uniform of the avant-garde.

  • Saint Laurent was drafted into the French military in September of that year, and he served for 27 months throughout the Algerian war, which France was then engaged in.
  • Approximately three weeks after his induction, he was admitted to the hospital due to a nervous collapse.
  • Mr.
  • In later years, he struggled with depression and developed a reliance on alcohol and narcotics, which he ascribed to the medicines he was prescribed while in a military mental facility during his service.
  • Mr.
  • Mr.
  • The court granted him 680,000 francs, which was around $140,000 at the time.

Saint Laurent stated in September 1961 that he and his boyfriend, Pierre Bergé, would be launching their own haute couture firm together in New York City.

Bergé remained his lifetime business partner and was responsible for the financial success of the firm, despite the fact that they had separated as a married couple in the early 1980s.

Mack Robinson, an Atlanta businessman who later stated that his confidence in Mr.

His Own Personal Collection The first Yves Saint Laurent collection debuted on January 19, 1962, during the Paris Fashion Week.

In 1993, it was acquired by the state-owned French pharmaceuticals firm Elf Sanofi in a $636 million deal, although Mr.

Saint Laurent retained control of the fashion group, which retained a 43 percent stake.

Bergé and Mr.


“The poor man tries the best he can,” Mr.

Ford, who departed the firm in 2003.

Ford’s former aides, Stefano Pilati, who was also a Gucci designer during those years.

Saint Laurent announced his retirement in Paris at a press conference held at his couture house at 5 Avenue Marceau, where many fashion editors and teary-eyed friends of the house speculated that Mr.


In response, Mr.

Bergé announced plans to convert the property into a museum, which has subsequently shown displays of Mr.

The designer, of course, has managed to stir up controversy countless times over his career, most notably with his scents, of all things.

Then, in 1977, he dubbed one of his women’s fragrances Opium, prompting accusations that he was glamorizing drug usage and trivializing the Opium Wars in China during the nineteenth century.

“Opium, for those who are hooked to Yves Saint Laurent,” read the tagline on the packaging.

Yves Saint Laurent won a 1994 lawsuit in the French courts against Ralph Lauren, whom he accused of copying his tuxedo dress design (a style Mr.

At a celebration of the 30th anniversary of the House of Saint Laurent held at the Bastille Opera in Paris in 1992, there were 2,750 guests in attendance who applauded as 100 models walked the runway dressed in clothes from the three decades of Saint Laurent history.

Saint Laurent lived a life of elegance, which was appropriate given his success.

All of his homes were lavishly decorated and filled with antiques and works of art by some of his favorite artists, including Picasso, Cocteau, Braque, and Christian Bérard.

At the time of his retirement announcement, Mr.

I’ve had acquaintances who were addicted to tranquilizers and other drugs on a whim. In my past, I’ve experienced the imprisonment of despair and the confinement of a hospital. But one day, I was able to emerge from all of it, amazed but unfazed.”

Yves Saint Laurent: Ten things you might not have known about the fashion designer

Yves Saint Laurent, an Algerian-born fashion designer, was a game-changer in his own time—which wasn’t that long ago. His designs influenced the way women dressed and set the way for a new kind of femininity that was less reliant on dresses and skirts than it was in the past. As much as Coco Chanel is credited for accelerating the popularity of women wearing pants, Yves Saint Laurent took it a step further by introducing his now-signature smoking suit, a shapely tuxedo that was pulled straight off the backs of men but tailored to suit womanly contours.

In all of those years, and even before that, Saint Laurent has managed to keep his muses, as well as a devoted following, thrilled about his creations, regardless of whether they have received positive or negative reviews from fashion journalists.

And what a life, to be sure.

1. He worked for Christian Dior before starting his own label.

Saint Laurent was appointed as the chief designer of the House of Dior in 1957, when he was just 21 years old, after being personally picked by Christian Dior himself, soon before the latter’s death in 1957. In the years leading up to his appointment, Saint Laurent would send drawings of his ideas for Dior’s couture line, which Dior gradually became aware of and accepted as the seasons progressed. After nearly a decade, Saint Laurent’s partnership with Dior came to an end in 1960. He was compelled to serve in the French Army during the Algerian War of Independence, and his 1960 collection for Dior—in which he debuted the first leather jacket for haute couture—received negative reviews from the press and clientele, leading to his dismissal from the company.

You might be interested:  Who Was The First Saint In The Catholic Church

He won the case, and he and his business partner went on to establish their own fashion firm.

2. He went through electroshock therapy.

Saint Laurent suffered from depression as a result of the stress of receiving word of his discharge from Dior while serving in the army, as well as being hazed by his fellow soldiers. He was sent to a psychiatric institution after just 20 days of duty, where he was given sedatives and other medicines to help him cope. In addition, electroshock therapy was utilized in the hopes of restoring his mental health.

3. He fell in love with a city.

In 1980, Yves Saint Laurent sat on the veranda of his Marrakech home. (Image courtesy of Horst P. Horst/Conde Nast via Getty Images.) ) In 1966, Yves Saint Laurent traveled to Morocco for the first time, and the trip had a lasting impact on his art. Morocco, and notably Marrakech, is generally attributed for exposing Saint Laurent to the use of color in his designs, as was the case with his first collection. Later, he would make it a point to go to the city on the first of December and the first of June every year to develop his haute couture collections.

Later, Saint Laurent and Bergé purchased Majorelle Garden, preventing it from being transformed into a hotel, and moved into a neighboring property in Marrakech, where they remain today.

4. He championed non-white models.

Saint Laurent was the first designer in the world to use non-Caucasian models for his Paris catwalk presentations. “My first Vogue cover ever was because of this man,” Naomi Campbell said in an interview with the British Channel 4 news. “When I said to him, ‘Yves, they won’t give me a French Vogue cover, they won’t put a black girl on the cover,’ he was like ‘I’ll take care of that,’ and he did.” “My first Vogue cover ever was because of this man,” Campbell said.

5. Pierre Bergé and Saint Laurent were together for a long time.

A dinner hosted by Harper’s Bazaar’s Paris editor in 1958 brought the two men together. They became fast friends and eventually married. Despite the fact that their love connection is said to have ended in 1972, they continued to be business partners. Following Saint Laurent’s death in 2008, it was stated that the two of them agreed to form what is known as a French “civil agreement of solidarity.” This legal arrangement provides some rights and duties in lieu of a formal marriage, according to the New York Times.

6. In 2014, there were two films dedicated to his life.

The two films, Yves Saint Laurent and Saint Laurent, both featured the life of Saint Laurent, although neither was advertised as a documentary on the designer. Although Pierre Bergé simply gave the green light to Yves Saint Laurent, it is possible that he may have had some control over the production to present certain events in a more favorable light.

7. Someone paid a lot of money for a nude photo of Saint Laurent.

What is the price of a Saint Laurent nude shot taken in his underwear? A Christie’s auction in June 2010 sold the famous nude photograph of Yves Saint Laurent by Jeanloup Sieff, which was used in the advertising campaign for Yves Saint Laurent’s first men’s fragrance in 1971. The photograph had been estimated to sell for EUR15,000 but ended up selling for EUR39,800, more than double its original estimate.

8. Two museums were built in 2017 in his honour.

The Yves Saint Laurent Museum is located in Paris, France. Marrakech. It was in the same year that two museums dedicated to Saint Laurent were opened in Paris and Marrakech, demonstrating his affection for both cities. It is at the Musée Yves Saint Laurent Paris where you will find more retrospective exhibitions that are dedicated to the designer’s life and legacy. For its part, the Musée Yves Saint Laurent Marrakech curates art shows by Moroccan artists and designers, with a very modest collection of haute couture pieces by Saint Laurent on display.

9. He beat Karl Largerfeld in a competition.

Saint Laurent joined an international design competition, the International Wool Secretariat, when he was 18 years old, before starting work for Christian Dior in Paris. He was named the winner, defeating future opponent Karl Largerfeld, who was 21 years old at the time and a future adversary in both profession and romance.

10. His illness was kept from him.

Saint Laurent went away on June 1st, 2018 as a result of brain cancer. However, he was completely unaware of his disease and eventual death. Pierre Bergé verified this in an interview with The Talks, which can be seen here: “He was completely unaware.

We discussed if it would be better for him to be unaware of what had happened, and we agreed that it would be best for him to remain in the dark. To be honest with you, I got the impression that Yves would not have been strong enough to tolerate it.”

Yves Saint Laurent

Home Arts of the Visual Imagination Fashion Design is a broad term that encompasses a variety of different disciplines. a designer from France Alternative titles include: Yves-Henri-Donat-Mathieu Saint Laurent is a fashion house founded by Yves-Henri-Donat-Mathieu Saint Laurent. Yves Saint Laurent’s full name is Yves Saint Laurent. Saint Laurent, Yves Henri Donat Mathieu-Saint Laurent was a French fashion designer who was most known for popularizing women’s pants for all circumstances. He was born in Oran, Algeria, and passed away in Paris, France, on June 1, 2008.

  1. Laurent moved to Paris after completing his secondary school in the Algerian capital of Oran.
  2. He briefly attended fashion school and was awarded first place in an international design competition while there.
  3. He was 17 years old at the time of the incident.
  4. To follow the “little-girl” style and the A-line silhouette, he produced more sophisticated, longer skirts in the 1950s and then severely reduced them in the 1960s.
  5. Immediately following his enrollment into the French army in 1960, Saint Laurent suffered a mental breakdown and was replaced as creative director of the House of Dior by Marc Bohan.
  6. He made it fashionable for ladies to wear pants in both the city and the country.
  7. In addition to his couture company, he extended his operations to encompass ready-to-wear licensing, accessories, home linens, perfumes (including Y, Rive Gauche, and Opium), and men’s clothing, among other things.
  8. Yves Saint Laurent’s first collection, released in 1965.
  9. Photographs courtesy of Express/Hulton Archive/Getty Images A retrospective of Saint Laurent’s works was displayed at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City in 1983.
  10. Saint Laurent was elevated to the rank of grand officer of the Legion of Honour in 2007.
  11. At 2017, a museum devoted to his work opened in his former haute couture house in Paris, and another in Marrakech, Morocco, in a structure designed by the architecture firm Studio KO and constructed of patterned terra-cotta.

Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica Alicja Zelazko was in charge of the most recent revision and updating of this article.

French fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent dies

PARIS (Reuters) – The French capital is preparing to host the World Cup. Yves Saint Laurent, a French fashion designer who died at the age of 71, was widely regarded as a cultural pioneer of the twentieth century who transformed the way women dressed. The haute couture designs of the secretive Saint Laurent achieved fine art status across the world, and he was generally regarded as a member of an exclusive group of designers, including Christian Dior and Coco Chanel, who helped to establish Paris as the world’s fashion center.

  1. His designs were worn by many renowned ladies, including Princess Grace of Monaco and actress Catherine Deneuve.
  2. He made his debut on the international scene when he was just 21 years old and went on to build a clothing, perfume, and accessories empire that culminated in the first ever fashion house stock market float in 1989.
  3. Yves Saint Laurent was hailed as “the world’s finest couturier” by the newspaper Le Figaro, while President Nicolas Sarkozy described him as “a creative genius.” “He was persuaded that beauty was a luxury that every man and woman deserved,” Sarkozy remarked of the former president.
  4. He was a gifted artist as well as a wonderful human being.” “Chanel gives women the right to choose,” Berge said on France Info radio.


Saint Laurent, who passed away in 2002, is recognized with revolutionizing women’s fashion, making the trouser suit a daily staple and the tuxedo an exquisite alternative for the upper crust of society. Aside from that, he popularized safari coats and thigh-high boots, and his translucent blouses made near-nudity acceptable in upper-crust circles. “He dramatically transformed a woman’s wardrobe,” premium underwear designer Chantal Thomass said on French radio recently. “His outfit was bursting with color and was heavily influenced by art.” Saint Laurent, the eldest child of a rich French entrepreneur, was born and raised in Algeria, then a French colony, where he shown an early aptitude for design by creating costumes for his younger sisters’ dolls.

  • When he was introduced to Christian Dior, the gangly Saint Laurent was employed on the spot by the designer of the “New Look” and promoted to the position of top assistant to him.
  • After his debut collection, which included the widely imitated “trapeze” shape with narrow shoulders and a flared skirt, the bashful 21-year-old was forced out onto the balcony of the Dior building, where he was greeted like royalty by the masses gathered on the boulevard below.
  • For a sensitive individual whose homosexuality had made his school years a living hell, army life was a harrowing and traumatic experience.
  • The financial backing was secured by Berge, and Saint Laurent was able to display his debut collection under his own name in 1962.
  • However, by the late 1980s, his health concerns had become a concern.
  • “Fame has wrecked him,” Berge reportedly observed of a former colleague.
  • The initial public offering (IPO) in 1989 was a rousing success.
  • YSL was acquired by the French cosmetics and pharmaceutical business Sanofi in 1992, with Saint Laurent retaining creative control.

Astrid Wendlandt, Gwenaelle Barzic, and James Mackenzie contributed additional reporting, and Jon Boylefor edited the piece. -phone -onlyfor-tablet-portrait-upfor-tablet-landscape-upfor-desktop-upfor-wide-desktop-up

Yves Saint Laurent

His most well-known accomplishment was his role as an outstanding European fashion designer who had a significant effect on fashion from the 1960s to the current day.

You might be interested:  Why Was Saint Valentine Killed

Who Was Yves Saint Laurent?

When he was a teenager, Yves Saint Laurent moved to Paris to work for designer Marc Jacobs. Christian Dior was a fashion designer who garnered fame for his clothing designs. In 1966, he established his own fashion lines, which became well-known for their adaptations of tuxedos for female wearers. In 1983, he was the first living designer to have a solo show at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, which was the first of its kind.

Early Years

Yves Henri Donat Matthieu is a French fashion designer. Saint Laurent’s parents, Charles and Lucienne Andrée Mathieu-Saint-Laurent, welcomed him into the world on August 1, 1936, in Oran, Algeria. The younger of his two sisters, Michelle and Brigitte, he grew up in a home on the Mediterranean with his parents and two younger sisters. Despite the fact that his family was relatively well-off — his father was a lawyer and insurance broker who also owned a chain of theatres — the future fashion icon’s youth was not without its difficulties.

  • As a result, Saint Laurent was an anxious youngster who was ill almost every day of his childhood.
  • At the age of eight, he enjoyed making elaborate paper dolls.
  • When Yves Saint Laurent was 17, his mother took him to Paris for a meeting with Michael de Brunhoff, the editor of French Vogue, which opened the door to a whole new world for him.
  • The designer Christian Dior, who is considered a titan in the fashion industry, met Saint Laurent through De Brunhoff.
  • “I was unable to talk in front of him.
  • Whatever happened after that, the years I spent by his side will be etched in my memory.” Saint Laurent’s style continued to grow and earn even more recognition while under the direction of Christian Dior.

Going His Own Way

In 1960, Saint Laurent was summoned back to his native Algeria to assist in the country’s struggle for independence. He was able to obtain an exemption on the basis of his health, but when he returned to Paris, he discovered that his position with Dior had been eliminated. At first, the news was upsetting for the young, sensitive designer who had just graduated from college. Then things became nasty, with Saint Laurent successfully suing his former tutor for breach of contract, and receiving £48,000 in damages from the former mentor.

A decision was made by the designer, in collaboration with his spouse and beloved, Pierre Berge, to establish his own fashion business.

Throughout the following two decades, Saint Laurent’s creations remained at the pinnacle of the fashion industry.

His works were praised by models and actors alike. The pea coat was one of the first pieces he presented to the catwalk, and he also dressed ladies in blazers and smoking coats. His hallmark items featured the translucent blouse and the jumpsuit, which were both sold out.

Later Years and Death

By the 1980s, Saint Laurent had established himself as a fashion icon. He was the first designer to have a retrospective exhibition of his work at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, which he did in 1989. While under Berge’s management, the fashion brand thrived as a money-making endeavor even after the two parted ways in 1986. Berge remained to oversee Saint Laurent’s firm after their divorce was finalized. Saint Laurent, on the other hand, struggled. He grew reclusive and struggled with alcohol and cocaine addictions, which he eventually overcame.

  1. Saint Laurent was able to regain its footing in the early 1990s.
  2. Saint Laurent, like many others, appeared to have defeated his demons.
  3. Saint Laurent resigned from the fashion industry in Marrakech, Morocco, in January 2002 after participating in his final show.
  4. After a brief illness, Yves Saint Laurent passed unexpectedly on June 1, 2008, in his home in Paris.

Legendary designer Yves Saint Laurent dies at 71

Yves Saint Laurent, the legendary fashion designer who revised the laws of fashion by dressing women in exquisite pantsuits that came to define how contemporary women dressed, died Sunday evening, according to a longtime friend and collaborator of the designer. He was 71 years old. Pierre Berge would not provide any specifics, but he did say that Saint Laurent had died after a protracted illness. The last of a generation has passed away. Saint Laurent was a towering figure in twentieth-century fashion, widely regarded as the last of a generation that included Christian Dior and Coco Chanel and helped to establish Paris as the fashion capital of the world, with its elegant headquarters on the Rive Gauche, or Left Bank, as its headquarters.

  1. In everything from the first YSL tuxedo and his slim pantsuits to see-through blouses, safari coats, and beautiful dresses, Saint Laurent produced immediate classics that have remained fashionable decades after they were originally introduced.
  2. It was widely seen as the end of an era in the industry.
  3. A slip and fall outside a Paris restaurant during Fashion Week in October 2006 resulted in minor scrapes for Saint Laurent, who was a few years older at the time, but served to remind followers of the designer’s increasingly frail condition.
  4. He initially gained recognition as a potential designer when he was seventeen years old, when he won first place in a contest sponsored by the International Wool Secretariat for a cocktail dress design.
  5. His work was brought to Christian Dior, who was at the time considered as the best fashion designer of his generation, and Dior was so pleased by Saint Laurent’s abilities that he recruited him on the spot.
  6. Saint Laurent’s popularity was cemented the following year with the release of his first solo collection for Dior, the “trapeze” collection.
  7. In 1960, Yves Saint Laurent was inducted into the military, an experience that destroyed the sensitive designer, who was given a medical discharge at the end of the year due to nervous distress.

Throughout his career, he suffered from bouts of depression.

PARIS, FRANCE: The French capital is home to a plethora of museums, galleries, and restaurants.

Photographer Patrick KOVARIK/AFP/Getty Images should be given credit for this image.

Later on, the couple established a network of ready-to-wear stores in the Rive Gauche district of Paris.

Berge has stated that Saint Laurent’s contribution to fashion was that he empowered women following Chanel’s liberation of women.

A 300-piece retrospective that blurred the lines between the past and the present, merging Saint Laurent’s masterpieces from the past with those from the present, was presented as a breathtaking monument to the enduring power of the fashion house’s style.

On the one hand, there was the straightforward navy blue pea coat worn over white leggings, which the designer debuted in 1962 when he established his couture company and has since become one of his signature looks.

It remained the designer’s signature piece, and it was revised on an annual basis until he retired.

She was the first to demonstrate that women could dress in “men’s garments,” which when suited to the feminine shape, became a symbol of beautiful femininity.

“By dressing a lady in a man’s tuxedo, he transformed the face of fashion forever, and he did so in a timeless way.” Yves Saint Laurent stated in his own words that “fashion was not only designed to make women attractive, but it was also supposed to comfort them, give them confidence, and enable them to come to terms with themselves.” Resistance to some of his innovative methods was met with some success.

The stories of ladies wearing Saint Laurent pantsuits who were turned away from hotels and restaurants in London and New York are well-known in the fashion world.

His burgeoning name was immortalized in 1983, when the Metropolitan Museum of Art dedicated an exhibition to his work, the first such exhibition ever dedicated to a living designer.

Petersburg and in Beijing, he was hailed as a national treasure by the French government, and he was given the Legion d’Honneur in 1985.

Yves Saint Laurent sold his label rights to Gucci Group NV in 1999 for US$70 million in cash and royalties, giving ownership of his Rive Gauche line, perfumes, cosmetics, and accessories to the Italian fashion house.

Ford resigned from his position in 2003.

“I’ve experienced terror and agonizing loneliness,” he admitted. “Phony buddies who use tranquilizers and medications to keep them calm and relaxed. I’ve risen from the prison of despair and hospitals, dazzling yet unflinching in my observations.”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *