How Did Saint Valentine Day Start


History of Valentine’s Day

Valentine’s Day is celebrated on February 14th every year. Candy, flowers, and presents are shared between loved ones all around the United States and other parts of the globe on Valentine’s Day, which is celebrated on February 14th this year. But who is this enigmatic saint, and where did all of these legends originate from? Learn about the history of Valentine’s Day, from the ancient Roman ceremony of Lupercalia, which heralded the arrival of spring, to the Victorian-era habit of exchanging cards with loved ones.

The Legend of St. Valentine

Saint Valentine, who according to some accounts is really two separate historical figures who were claimed to have cured a child while imprisoned and then killed by beheading, is a saint who is associated with love and romance. Photograph courtesy of Fototeca Gilardi/Getty Images A great deal is unknown about the origins of Valentine’s Day, as well as the narrative of its patron saint. We do know that February has long been regarded as a month of passion, and that St. Valentine’s Day, as we know it now, incorporates elements of both Christian and ancient Roman traditions into its celebration.


  • The Catholic Church acknowledges at least three individual saints called Valentine or Valentinus, all of whom were martyred, according to the most recent available information.
  • When Emperor Claudius II determined that single men made better soldiers than men with wives and kids, he forbade young men from marrying and starting families.
  • When Claudius learned of Valentine’s deeds, he ordered that he be executed immediately.
  • Claudius II beheaded him as well, this time outside of Rome.
  • According to one tale, an imprisoned Valentine was the one who sent the first “valentine” greeting to the world after falling in love with a young girl—possibly his jailor’s daughter—who came to see him while he was imprisoned and wrote him a letter.
  • Despite the fact that the reality behind the Valentine legends is obscure, all of the stories highlight his attractiveness as a compassionate, heroic, and—most importantly—romantic person, which is emphasized in all of the stories.

Valentine would rise to become one of the most popular saints in England and France by the Middle Ages, probably as a result of his enviable reputation.

Origins of Valentine’s Day: A Pagan Festival in February

While some believe that Valentine’s Day is celebrated in the middle of February to commemorate the anniversary of Valentine’s death or burial—which is believed to have occurred around A.D. 270—others believe that the Christian church may have decided to place Valentine’s feast day in the middle of February in an effort to “Christianize” the pagan celebration of Lupercalia in the middle of February. Lupercalia was a fertility celebration held on the 15th of February, also known as the Ides of February, and devoted to Faunus, the Roman god of agriculture, as well as the Roman founders Romulus and Remus.

MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: 6 Surprising Facts About the Saint Valentine’s Day Holiday In order to begin the event, members of the Luperci, a Roman religious order, would congregate to a holy cave where it was thought that the newborns Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome, were cared for by a she-wolf, or lupa.

In order to do this, they would first tear the goat’s hide into strips and dip them into the sacrificial blood before proceeding to the streets and gently slapping both ladies and crop fields with the goat skin.

According to folklore, later in the day, all of the young ladies in the city would come together and place their names in a large urn.

These encounters frequently resulted in marriage.

Valentine’s Day: A Day of Romance

Cupids are shown on this Victorian Valentine’s Day card. Images courtesy of K.J. Historical/Corbis/Getty Images Despite the fact that Lupercalia survived the early days of Christianity, it was forbidden towards the end of the 5th century, when Pope Gelasius designated February 14th to be St. Valentine’s Day, since it was regarded “un-Christian.” It was not until much later, however, that the day came to be clearly connected with romantic feelings. Because it was widely thought in France and England throughout the Middle Ages that the 14th of February marked the beginning of bird mating season, it was considered appropriate that the middle of Valentine’s Day should be a day of romance.

Valentine’s Day as a day of love celebration, saying, “”For this was sent on Seynt Valentyne’s day / Whan every foul cometh ther to pick his spouse.” The tradition of sending Valentine’s Day greetings began as far back as the Middle Ages, yet the first written Valentine’s Day cards didn’t emerge until about 1400.

  1. It is presently housed in the manuscript collection of The British Library in London, England.) Following this, it is thought that King Henry Vcommissioned a writer named John Lydgate to produce a Valentine’s Day letter for Catherine of Valois some years later.
  2. A kiss may be political, whether it’s the first of its kind or it’s between two heads of state, depending on the circumstances.
  3. In ancient Indian and Hindu literature, kissing is mentioned for the first time in Vedic Sanskrit writings, which date back to around 1500 B.C.
  4. There is a passage in TheMahabharata(illustrated here), a Sanskrit epic written in the 4th century A.D., in which someone “put her mouth to my mouth and made a noise that generated pleasure in me.” The line is from the 4th century A.D.
  5. ” data-title=Data-title= “Judas betrays Jesus by kissing him in order for armed men to take him away and subsequently kill him, according to the Gospels of Matthew and Mark, which were written in the first century.
  6. Rice, who featured in a short film in 1896 that was called variously as The May Irwin Kiss, The Kissor, and The Kissor.
  7. data-title=”First Kiss on Film (1896)”>V-J Day in Times Squareis one of the most famous photographs of a kiss.
  8. An violent kiss from a Navy sailor named George Mendonsa, who’d begun drinking early and mistaken nbsp;Greta Zimmer for a nurse (she was actually a dental assistant), resulted in her being kicked out of the hospital.
  9. nbsp;The photograph has also sparked debate, as many people have claimed to be the pair depicted in the photograph throughout the years, while others have pointed out that the photograph represents an unconsensual event.

It just happened.” “The guy simply walked up to me and kissed or grabbed me!” ” data-full-height=”1920″ data-full-src=” data-full-width=”1473″ data-full-height=”1920″ data-full-src=” data-full-width=”1473″” data-image-id=”ci025d82d02000271c” data-image-slug=”VJ-Day-Kiss-GettyImages-53375610″ data-public-id=”MTcwNDM2MTkwNzc0NzY1MzQw” data-source-name is the name of the data source “Photograph by Alfred Eisenstaedt courtesy of The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images ” data-title=Data-title= “Although it was not officially the first interracial kiss on American television, when William Shatner and Nichelle Nichols kissed on a 1968 episode of Star Trek, it was the one that appeared to have the greatest societal impact.

data-full-height=”1298″ data-full-src=” data-full-width=”1920″ data-image-id=”ci025d82ad100026be” data-image-slug=”First-Interracial-TV-Kiss-GettyImages-156913470″ data-full-height=”1298″ data-full-width=”1920″ data-image-id=”ci025d82″ data-public-id=”MTcwNDM2MDQwMTgyNDc0NDMw” “CBS via Getty Images” is the data-source-name for this image.

Hodges on June 26, 2015, the Supreme Court of the United States legalized same-sex marriage throughout the country.

Who Is Cupid?

Cupid is frequently depicted as a nude cherub hurling arrows of love at unsuspecting lovers on Valentine’s Day greeting cards and greeting cards. However, the Roman Deity Cupid has his origins in Greek mythology, where he is known as Eros, the Greek god of love. His parents are unknown; some believe he is the son of Nyx and Erebus; others believe he is the son of Aphrodite and Ares; and still others believe he is the son of Iris and Zephyrus, or perhaps Aphrodite and Zeus (who would have been both his father and grandfather).

However, it wasn’t until the Hellenistic period that he began to be shown as the playful, chubby boy that he had become famous for on Valentine’s Day greeting cards.

Typical Valentine’s Day Greetings

Valentine’s Day is observed in a number of countries, including Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom, France, and Australia, in addition to the United States. Valentine’s Day became widely honored in the United Kingdom from the 17th century, according to historical records. Because of advances in printing technology, it became common for friends and lovers of all social classes to exchange small tokens of affection or handwritten notes by the middle of the nineteenth century. By 1900, printed cards had largely replaced handwritten letters as a means of communicating affection.

  • More people sending Valentine’s Day messages because of lower postal charges has also increased in popularity.
  • Esther A.
  • Howland, also known as the “Mother of the Valentine,” created complex designs using actual lace, ribbons, and colorful drawings known as “scrap,” which she collected from various sources.
  • Continue readingVictorian-Era Valentines Could Be Mean and Hostile (Part 2) On Valentine’s Day, from the Victorian era onward, couples gave ornate lace-trimmed cards to convey their feelings for one another.
  • To my Valentine, I offer you a lemon and tell you to’skiddoo,’ for I am in love with someone else, and you have no chance against me!

At the very least, you’ll be able to claim that there is no deceit; it states it as plainly as it possibly can: “Old friend, you’d be best to get away.”” data-full-height=”1999″ data-full-src=” data-full-width=”1197″ data-full-height=”1197″” data-image-id=”ci025d45ba8000254f” data-image-slug=”Vinegar-Valentines-dmas hatmp000904 d10 ab10″ data-public-id=”MTcwMzY5MDI3Njg2ODY4MzAz” data-source-name=”Royal PavilionMuseums, BrightonHove” data-source-name=”Royal PavilionMuseums, BrightonHove” data-source-name=”Royal PavilionMuseums, BrightonHove” data-source-name=”Royal PavilionMuseums, BrightonHove” To a Modern Woman: A Letter from a Victorian Lady data-title=”Vinegar Valentine, c 1875″> You’ve been given the right to vote and believe it is your responsibility to go to the polls and behave like a mediocre politician.

  1. In addition, your spouse must search for anything to listen to because he cannot find anything at home while you vote.
  2. Your children have been mistreated, and you have worked in vain for you.
  3. 1840s” data-Rights title=”Women’s Vinegar Valentine, ca.
  4. However, I feel you do not have any, or at least not enough to give away.
  5. 1875″>The kiss of the bottle is your heart’s pleasure, And fuddled you reel home to bed every night, What care you for damsels, no matter how fair!
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1875″> You don’t have any love to give, other from what you get from your liquor.” Vinegar Valentines dmas hatmp000904 d08 ab10 (Vinegar Valentines) dmas hatmp000904 d08 ab10 (Vinegar Valentines) dmas hatmp000904 d08 ab10 (Vinegar Valentines) dmas hatmp000904 d08 ab10 (Vinegar Valentines dmas hatmp000904 d08 ab10 (” data-public-id=”MTcwMzY5MDI3Njg2ODAyNjU2″ data-source-name=”Royal PavilionMuseums, BrightonHove” data-source-name=”Royal PavilionMuseums, BrightonHove” data-source-name=”Royal PavilionMuseums, BrightonHove” data-source-name=”Royal PavilionMuseums, BrightonHove” “Vinegar Valentine, c 1875” data-title=”Vinegar Valentine, c 1875″>Do you ever repair your clothing or comb your hair?

Well, I assume you don’t have time for people, given that you’re spending your time reading novels all day.” The data-full-height=”1999″ data-full-src=” The data-full-width=”1197″ The data-full-height=”1999″ The data-full-width=”1197″ The data-full-height=”1999″ The data-full-src=” The data-full-width=”1197″ The data-full-height=”1999″ The data-full-width=”11″ If I were to follow you, old fellow, I would go to the Royal PavilionMuseums in Brighton and Hove.

data-source-name=”Royal PavilionMuseums, Brighton and Hove” data-title=”Vinegar Valentine, c 1875″> The mess I’d be in; the likeness true to you I’d take of you, with a sort of sinister smirk on my face Yet, loving you, there’d be the devil to pay; You’d lead me in a dance, such a damnable jig, that for you, my old, I couldn’t give a fig about a thing.” data-full-height=”2000″ the full src=” the full wid=”1301″ the full src=”” data-image-id=”ci025d45ba9001254f” data-image-slug=”Vinegar-Valentines-GettyImages-3304166″ data-public-id=”MTcwMzY5MDI3Njg2OTMzODM5″ data-source-name is the name of the data source “Photograph courtesy of the Hulton Archive/Getty Images ” data-title=Data-title= “February 14th, c 1880″>Valentine’s Day card shows a tiny girl, standing on a soapbox, fighting for the vote, unaffected by a sobbing cupid to right, with the phrase “Not a chance.” data-full-height=”1228″ data-full-src=” data-full-width=”2000″ data-full-height=”2000″” data-image-id=”ci025d45bac00024e0″ data-image-slug=”Vinegar-Valentines-GettyImages-949582690″ data-public-id=”MTcwMzY5MDI3OTU1MzY5Mjk1″ data-source-name=”Ken Florey Suffrage Collection/Gado/Getty Images” data-source-name=”Ken Florey Suffrage Collection/Gado/Getty Images” data-source-name=”Ken Florey Suffrage Collection/Gado/Getty Images” data-title=”Valentine, c.

1900″>Valentine, c.

Valentine’s Day

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Valentine’s Day?

Valentine’s Day, also known as Saint Valentine’s Day, is a festival celebrated on February 14th, during which couples show their adoration with messages and presents. It has been believed that the event derives from the Roman festival of Lupercalia, which takes place in mid-February and is marked by a number of parallels. Men and women were paired off by lottery during the festival, which celebrated the arrival of spring. Fertility rites were also performed as part of the celebration. Pope Gelasius I forbade the observance of Lupercalia around the end of the 5th century, and he is frequently credited for replacing it with St.

  • Valentine’s Day did not become widely recognized as a romantic holiday until about the 14th century.
  • Despite the fact that there were multiple Christian martyrs by the name of Valentine, it is possible that the day was named after a priest who was executed in 270 CE by the emperorClaudius II Gothicus.
  • Other stories claim that the feast was named for St.
  • The tale goes that St.
  • As a result, his feast day is connected with feelings of love and affection.
  • A psychologist presents his study on the biological and psychological processes that occur in romantic relationships, as well as his findings.
  • All intellectual property rights are retained.
  • Formal notes, sometimes known as valentines, first emerged in the 1500s, and by the late 1700s, commercially produced cards were being used widely around the world.
  • Valentines frequently portray Cupid, the Roman deity of love, as well as hearts, which have historically been considered the seat of emotion.
  • Candy and flowers, particularly red roses, are traditional gifts, as they represent beauty and love, respectively.
  • Wedding anniversaries are most prevalent in the Philippines on this day, and large-scale ceremonies involving hundreds of couples are not unusual on this day.

On this day, a large number of youngsters exchange valentines with one another. Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica Melissa Petruzzello was the author of the most recent revision and update to this article.

What is Valentine’s Day and how did it start? – CBBC Newsround

For the greatest experience on the CBBC Newsround website, you must have JavaScript enabled on your computer. What exactly is Valentine’s Day, and how did it come to be? Valentine’s Day, also known as Saint Valentine’s Day, is observed on February 14th every year. The day when individuals express their devotion for another person or group of people by giving cards, flowers or chocolates containing words of love is celebrated on February 14.

Who was St Valentine?

Photographs courtesy of Getty Images It is possible to see a statue of St Valentine inside Whitefriar Church in Dublin, Ireland. The holiday is named after a well-known saint, although there are various competing accounts about who he was. Popular myth about St Valentine holds that he was a priest from Rome living in the third century AD. However, this is not true. PA This is the first known Valentine’s Day message in English, and it was written in the year 1440. Imperial Emperor Claudius II had forbidden marriage because he believed married men were poor warriors, according to the text recorded in 1477.

After Claudio learned of Valentine’s deception, he was imprisoned and eventually executed.

How did Valentine’s Day start?

Observing a specific Valentine’s Day is a very old practice that is believed to have originated from a Roman festival of the same name. During the middle of February, the Romans celebrated a festival called Lupercalia, which marked the formal beginning of their springtime. Photographs courtesy of Getty Images Penguins in California have been spotted getting into the Valentine’s Day spirit, according to locals. It is said that as part of the festivities, guys drew names of potential brides from a hat box.

Later on, the church desired to transform this festival into a Christian celebration and decided to incorporate the commemoration of St Valentine into the festivities.

The History of Valentine’s Day Actually Isn’t That Romantic

However, while it may be easy to think of Valentine’s Day as a modern holiday dedicated only to fulfilling our shopping and sweet cravings, the origins of this day of heart-shaped celebration are actually rather ancient—and interesting. or, to put it another way, mystery. While we celebrate Valentine’s Day today withDIY Valentine’s Day cards, gifts of jewelry or flowers, and romanticValentine’s Day dinners, the history of the holiday is actually quite surprising (prepare to queue up thoseValentine’s Day Instagram captions with some shocking trivia!).

  1. So, how did the 14th of February come to be known as “Love Day” in the first place?
  2. While we’re at it, let’s talk about where the word “Valentine” came from.
  3. Visiting their website may allow you to access the same stuff in a different format, or it may provide you with even more information than you could get elsewhere.
  4. Even historians are divided on the specific customs that serve as the inspiration for the current holiday celebration.
  5. Despite the fact that it has not been proven, its backstory is rather dark and even violent.
  6. Those of you who aren’t afraid of heights, on the other hand, will like knowing about all we’ve assembled here.

Who knows what will happen? It could even inspire some of your Valentine’s Day greetings! A Valentine’s Day postcard from about the year 1913. Images courtesy of Getty Images and the Universal History Archive

Where does the word Valentine come from?

We are all aware that the day is named after St. Valentine, as we all should be by now. But why is this so? What is the identity of this enigmatic Valentine? According to The New York Times, it’s probable that the holiday’s romantic undertones are derived from a union of two gentlemen. According to NPR, there were, in fact, two Valentines murdered on February 14 (although in separate years) by Emperor Claudius II, both of whom were named Valentinus. It is possible that the Catholic Church founded St.

  1. Even more troubling, one of these men, Saint Valentine of Terni, is suspected of having performed wedding ceremonies for Roman troops against the emperor’s desires, earning him the title of “proponent of love” in some circles.
  2. Saint Valentine is supposed to have written the first “valentine” greeting to a young girl he trained and fell in love with while imprisoned for the sins listed above, and she was the recipient of the message.
  3. Others believe that Pope Gelasius I instituted St.
  4. Valentine’s Day celebrations throughout the 1800s.

Approximately the same time as the feast of debauchery, which featured a ceremony in which an order of Roman priests raced nude through the streets, “gently slapping”women with the blood-soaked skins of sacrificial animals (yes, really), which they believed would encourage pregnancy and childbirth.

According to the Times, a University of Kansas English professor, the late Jack B.


(At the time of Chaucer’s composition, February 14 was also celebrated as the first day of spring in Britain, since it marked the beginning of bird mating season, making it an especially fitting day for a celebration of love.

Geoffrey Chaucer is considered to be one of England’s greatest poets. Photographs courtesy of Getty Images

Why do we celebrate Valentines Day?

Whether or not Chaucer deserves to be given entire credit, it is undeniable that he and colleague writer Shakespeare were responsible for popularizing the romantic connections associated with the time. The tradition of sending love letters on Valentine’s Day originated in the early 1900s when an American firm that would one day become Hallmark began distributing its more formal “Valentine’s Day cards” to the public. Flowers, sweets, jewelry, and other gifts were exchanged, and the rest, as they say, is history.

Getty Images is a division of the Universal Images Group.

What part does Cupid play on Valentine’s Day?

It’s not only about Saint Valentine’s Day! With Cupid, the winged newborn boy who typically appears on Valentine’s Day cards and other related memorabilia, it is easy to see why this holiday is so associated with love and romance in general. Cupid was the son of Venus, the goddess of love and beauty, according to Roman mythology. He was well-known for throwing arrows at both gods and mortals, leading them to fall head over heels in love with one another almost quickly. Despite the fact that it is unknown exactly whenCupid was introduced into the Valentine’s Day narrative, it is quite evident why he did so.

Taysha Murtaugh worked as the Lifestyle Editor for for a number of years.

Rebekah Lowin is a Senior Editor at The Pioneer Woman, where she covers topics such as home décor, cooking, entertaining, crafting, gardening, and seasonal celebrations, among other things.

You may be able to discover further information on this and other related items at the website

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The Gory Origins of Valentine’s Day

Saint Valentine of Terni’s relics are housed in the Basilica of Saint Mary in Cosmedin Dnalor 01 (Own work), which is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-SA 4.0 license. Valentine’s Day is celebrated on February 14th, when sweethearts of all ages will exchange greeting cards, flowers, sweets, and other extravagant gifts in the honor of St. Valentine. However, as a scholar of Christian history, I can assure you that at the heart of our modern celebration is a wonderful fantasy that deserves to be celebrated.

Valentine was not a lover or a saint of love in the traditional sense.

In other words, what brought us from beheading to betrothing on Valentine’s Day?

Early origins of St. Valentine

It has been discovered that multiple Saint Valentines died on February 14th, according to ancient texts. In the year 269-270 A.D., two of them were killed under the reign of Roman Emperor Claudius Gothicus, during a time when persecution of Christians was widespread. What evidence do we have to support this? Because a monastic order of Belgian monks spent three centuries gathering evidence for the lives of saints from manuscript archives all around the known world, resulting in the publication of the Saints’ Lives.

Using every scrap of information they could find on every saint listed on the liturgical calendar, they reproduced the texts in the order in which the saint’s feast day fell on the calendar.

The Valentine martyrs

It is the stories of a handful of “Valentini” that are included in the volume that includes February 14, including the first three of whom died in the third century. An epileptic receives a benediction from St. Valentine. Wellcome Images is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported License. Valentinus, along with 24 other warriors, is claimed to have died in Africa while he was a child. Unfortunately, not even the Bollandists were able to uncover any further information on him.

  • We don’t know anything about the other two Valentines, save for their names.
  • According to the legend, Asterius made the error of allowing the preacher to speak to him.
  • If Valentinus could heal Asterius’ foster-daughter of blindness, Asterius would convert, according to the agreement they reached with the Christian leader.
  • According to the medieval mythology, the kid has the ability to see.
  • Unfortunately, when Emperor Gothicus learned of their fate, he ordered that they all be put to death in a single day.
  • A religious widow, on the other hand, managed to escape with his body and had it interred at the place of his execution on the Via Flaminia, an old roadway that ran from Rome to present-day Rimini.

St. Valentine was not a romantic

The accounts of a handful of “Valentini,” the earliest three of whom died in the third century, are collected in the book that covers February 14. Epileptics are blessed by St. Valentine. Wellcome Images is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License. Valentinus, along with 24 other troops, is reported to have died in Africa while he was young. The Bollandists, on the other hand, were unable to unearth any further information concerning him.

  1. About the other two Valentines, we only know a little bit more.
  2. After listening in on the preacher’s sermon, Asterius made the mistake of interrupting.
  3. He could go on and on.
  4. When the girl’s eyes were closed, Valentinus placed his hands over hers and chanted: “Lord Jesus Christ, en-lighten your handmaid; for you are God, the True Light.” Simply said, it’s not difficult at all.
  5. All of Asterius’s family members were baptized, including himself.
  6. Valentinus, on the other hand, was the only one who was executed.

A religious widow, on the other hand, managed to escape with his body and had it buried near the scene of his execution on the Via Flaminia, a historic roadway that ran from Rome to present-day Rimini. After the saint’s bones were discovered, a chapel was constructed over their grave.

Unlikely pagan origins

The accounts of a handful of “Valentini,” including the first three of whom died in the third century, are collected in the book that includes February 14. An epileptic is blessed by St. Valentine. Wellcome Images is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported License Valentinus, along with 24 other soldiers, is claimed to have died in Africa when he was a little boy. Unfortunately, even the Bollandists were unable to uncover any further information on him.

  • We don’t know anything about the other two Valentines.
  • According to legend, Asterius made the error of allowing the preacher to speak.
  • As part of his arrangement with Valentinus, Asterius agreed to convert if the Christian could heal Asterius’ foster-daughter of blindness.
  • That’s all there is to it.
  • Asterius and his family were baptized as a result of the baptism.
  • Valentinus, on the other hand, was the only one to be decapitated.
  • Later, a chapel was constructed on top of the saint’s relics.

Chaucer and the love birds

The connection between St. Valentinus and love most likely emerged more than a thousand years after the martyrs’ deaths, when Geoffrey Chaucer, author of “The Canterbury Tales,” dedicated the February feast of St. Valentinus to the mating of birds. “For this occurred on the day of Seynt Volantynys,” he wrote in his “Parlement of Foules.” When every bryd comes to chese his craft,” says the narrator. During Chaucer’s time period, it appears that English birds coupled off around February to create eggs.

Example: In February 1415, the French Duke of Orléans, who had spent several years as a prisoner at the Tower of London, wrote to his wife and expressed his displeasure with love (by which he meant lovesick.) He also referred to her as his “very kind Valentine.” The concept of February mating was well received by English audiences.

It was made simpler by industrialization, which generated mass-produced graphic cards decorated with smarmy poetry.

Chocolates for Valentine’s Day GillianVann/ Today, stores all throughout the United Kingdom and the United States are decked up with hearts and banners announcing the annual Day of Love holiday celebration.

Merchants pack their shelves with Valentine’s Day sweets, jewelry, and other Cupid-related goods, all of which beg the question, “Be My Valentine.” This desire does not need the killing of the majority of lovers.

Invisible Valentines

It appears that the formerly venerated saint who inspired the festival of love has become as elusive as love itself. In spite of this, as St. Augustine, the famous fifth-century theologian and philosopher, stated in his dissertation on “Faith in Invisible Things,” “someone does not have to be standing in front of our eyes in order for us to be in love with them.” St. Valentine and his renown as the patron saint of love, like love itself, are not things of historical fact, but rather matters of faith.

Lisa Bitel, Professor of History and Religion at the University of Southern California – Dornsife College of Letters, Arts, and Sciences, is a leading authority on religion and history.

Valentine’s Day History

The origins of Valentine’s Day are murky, and the situation is further complicated by a number of fantastic stories. Some believe that the holiday’s origins may be traced back to the ancient Roman festival of Lupercalia, which is honored yearly on February 15th and is celebrated as a fertility feast. During the year 496, Pope Gelasius re-established this ancient holiday as a Christian feast day, establishing February 14th to be Saint Valentine’s Day.

Valentines Galore

According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, there were at least three early Christian saints with the name Valentine, so it’s unclear which one this first pope was attempting to commemorate. One was a priest in Rome, another was a bishop in Terni, and of a third St. Valentine, absolutely little is known about him save that he died in Africa, according to tradition. Surprisingly, all three Valentines were reported to have been martyred on February 14, according to legend. In the early third century, most academics assume that the patron saint of the feast was a priest who had fallen out of favor with the Roman emperorClaudius II around 270.

According to one tradition, Claudius II forbade young men from marrying, saying that bachelors were better soldiers than married men (although there is no record of the alleged ban).

According to another version, Valentine, who was imprisoned by Claudius, fell in love with the daughter of his jailer, and the two were married.

In 1969, the Catholic Church updated its liturgical calendar, eliminating the feast days of saints whose historical roots were in doubt and replacing them with new ones. St. Valentine was among those who perished in the attack.

Chaucer’s Love Birds

It was not until the fourteenth century that this Christian feast day was properly tied with the concept of love and affection. According to Henry Ansgar Kelly, a UCLA medieval scholar and author of Chaucer and the Cult of Saint Valentine, it was Chaucer who established the association between St. Valentine’s Day and romance. During the engagement of England’sRichard II and Anne of Bohemia in 1381, Chaucer produced a poem in honor of the occasion. According to poetic tradition, Chaucer celebrated the occasion on a feast day.

Valentine’s Day are all mentioned in “The Parliament of Fowls”: “For this was on St.

Tradition of Valentine’s Cards

That this Christian feast day would become definitely identified with love did not occur until the fourteenth century. According to Henry Ansgar Kelly, a UCLA medieval researcher and author of Chaucer and the Cult of Saint Valentine, it was Chaucer who was the first to associate St. Valentine’s Day with romantic feelings and relationships. During the engagement of England’sRichard II and Anne of Bohemia in 1381, Chaucer wrote a poem in honor of the event. As was customary in the poetic tradition, Chaucer accompanied the event with a feast.

Valentine’s Day are all mentioned in “The Parliament of Fowls”: “For this was on St.


Valentine’s Day wasn’t always about love

Valentine’s Day is a day dedicated to romantic relationships. The 14th of February is a loving couples’ favorite day of the year since it is the day when they shower their partner with presents and signs of affection. Much of what happens on Valentine’s Day is well-known. The handwritten cards, chocolate hearts, and red flowers are all classics of the annual event, and may be found at any convenience shop or gas station without difficulty. However, much of the origins of the event is shrouded in mystery, with facts lost to the passage of time and modified as romantics repeated the narrative.

Listed below is the information we currently have about Valentine’s Day.

Why do we celebrate Valentine’s Day?

Was it a party, an execution, or a poem that sparked the idea for Valentine’s Day? Historians are divided on the issue. The ancient festival Lupercalia is said to be the oldest probable source of the genesis of Valentine’s Day. The celebration, which has been celebrated in the middle of February for millennia, commemorates fertility. Men would undress down to their underwear and sacrifice a goat and a dog. In order to stimulate fertility, young lads would take strips of hide from the slaughtered animals and lash young ladies with them.

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When Pope Gelasius came to power in the late fifth century, he put an end to Lupercalia as a religious celebration.

The festival of Lupercalia was “obviously a very popular phenomenon, especially in a context when the Christians are attempting to shut it down,” according to Noel Lenski, a historian at the University of Colorado at Boulder.

The feast, according to Lenski, was intended to replace Lupercalia, as he explains in an interview with NPR. According to him, “there’s grounds to believe that the Christians could have instead said, alright, we’ll simply label this a Christian holiday.”

How did it become a romantic holiday?

These feasts, with the exception of their name, bear little relation to our current, romantic conceptions of Valentine’s Day. The original origins of Valentine’s Day, according to some sources, didn’t occur for another thousand years. A lecturer at the University of Kansas asserts that Geoffrey Chaucer was the first person to associate Valentine’s Day to romance in his poem The Parlement of Foules, which was published in 1307. Oruch speculates that Chaucer may have connected Valentine’s Day to romance more or less by accident, given that Valentine’s Day falls around the time when European birds begin to mate in the spring.

Who was St. Valentine?

By some estimates, the total number of saints in the world is over 10,800, including more than 30 Valentines and even a few of Valentinas. Although two Valentines stand out as possible candidates for the saint who bears his name, both were not concerned with problems of the heart. A number of parallels exist between the two Valentines, leading some academics to speculate that they were both the same individual. Both Valentines were martyrs, beheaded by the Roman Emperor Claudius in the third century.

  • Both guys were likewise believed to have died on February 14, despite the fact that they died several years apart.
  • Valentine refused to forsake his religion when he was taken before the emperor, and as a result, he was sentenced to house arrest as punishment.
  • Valentine was soon able to restore sight to a small blind child, and the entire house was transformed.
  • Also a miracle worker was the second priest, Bishop Valentine of Terni, who came after him.
  • After a night of prayer, the bishop was able to heal the kid, and the boy’s family, as well as visiting scholars, decided to become Christians.

How do people celebrate?

Valentine’s Day is now a day when most couples exchange presents such as sweets, jewelry, flowers, and greeting cards. When the Duke of Orleans sent a Valentine’s Day card to his wife while he was imprisoned in the Tower of London in 1415, it was considered the first Valentine’s Day card. Valentine’s Day cards didn’t become popular in the United States until after the Revolutionary War, when individuals began to make the habit of penning handwritten letters to their sweethearts. It wasn’t until the early 1900s that Christmas cards began to be mass produced in large quantities.

In the majority of those nations, the holiday is in conflict with portions of their religious beliefs.

Some conservative political groups in India are opposed to Valentine’s Day because they feel the festival promotes Western ideals and is thus anti-national.

Despite the fact that we no longer lash one other with sacrificial skins, we all take pleasure in treating (and being treated by) people we care about.

Who was St Valentine, what happened to him and how did Valentine’s Day start?

Even though it’s a day for love, the historical context is more horror than romcom. (Image courtesy of Getty) The power of love is commonly acknowledged to be something that can move mountains, part oceans, and carry us up to where we belong – after all, there have been at least two songs written just about its ability to do so. Valentine’s Day is a day when individuals celebrate their love a little bit louder than they would normally do. Even the most jaded cynic can find himself drawn by the romanticism of the day.

However, there are still lots of ways to make it memorable, like meal deliveries, last-minute gift ideas, and inexpensive date ideas.

In what year did Valentine’s Day begin, and who was St Valentine, the person who is credited with giving the holiday its name?

Who was Saint Valentine?

It is said that the day was named after a well-known saint, however there are numerous versions about who he was. Saint Sylvester (on the left) and Saint Valentine (on the right) (R). (Image courtesy of Getty) The commonly recognized and popular idea is that St Valentine was a priest from Rome who lived in the third century and died around the year 270 AD, according to the most recent available evidence. At the time, Emperor Claudius II had prohibited weddings because he believed that unmarried men were better warriors than married ones.

What happened to St Valentine?

The Emperor, on the other hand, learned of Valentine’s deception and imprisoned him, sentenceing him to death for his crimes. According to one legend, while imprisoned, Valentine fell in love with the daughter of his jailer, and on the day of his execution (February 14), he wrote her a love note inscribed ‘from your Valentine.’

Where is St Valentine buried?

Love may be found everywhere – and, in a less romantic vein, the bones of St Valentine can also be found. It has already been stated that St. Valentine was killed in Rome and buried there around the 3rd century, making him the patron saint of love. A priest from Ireland named Father John Spratt persuaded Pope Gregory XVI in 1835 to dig up St. Valentine’s bones and bring them back to his homeland as a present to his fellow Irishmen and women. One of St Valentine’s final resting sites, according to legend, is a church in Dublin named for him.

Apart from that, it is also believed that a skull with a flower crown on it is that of St Valentine, and this skull is on display at the Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Rome.

It doesn’t stop there, either. Some of St Valentine’s relics are said to be in Scotland, according to popular belief. The church of the Blessed John Duns Scotus, which is located near Glashow, also claims some of the bones of St Valentine.

How did Valentine’s Day start?

According to, Valentine’s Day is said to have evolved from a Roman festival known as Lupercalia, with the first Valentine’s Day believed to have occurred in the year 496. The origins of Valentine’s Day are unclear. This year’s celebration was celebrated on February 15 in honor of Faunus, the Roman God of agriculture, and was devoted to him. The origins of Valentine’s Day rituals are said to have originated in Ancient Rome. (Image courtesy of Getty Images) ) It is said that as part of the festivities, guys drew names of potential brides from a hat box.

Later on, the church desired to transform this festival into a Christian celebration and chose to incorporate the commemoration of St Valentine into the festivities.

Additional Valentine’s Day quiz questions and answers for your Zoom date may be found here.

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What is the significance of Valentine’s Day? Valentine’s Day is an annual celebration of romantic love, friendship, and appreciation that takes place on February 14th. Every year on the 14th of February, individuals commemorate this day by sending messages of love and devotion to their spouses, families, and other loved ones and friends. Couples exchange Valentine’s Day cards and flowers, as well as spend quality time together, to commemorate their commitment to one another.

The Early History of Valentine’s Day

It is said that Saint Valentine, a Catholic priest who lived in Rome in the 3rd Century, is the inspiration for Valentine’s Day. Several legends have been told about St Valentine, and over time these stories have developed into the mythology that we know today. Many Romans were turning to Christianity during Valentine’s lifetime, but the Emperor Claudius II, who was a pagan, enacted stringent regulations restricting what Christians were permitted to do. Considering that Roman soldiers should be entirely loyal to Rome, Claudius enacted legislation prohibiting them from marrying outside of the Roman Empire.

Valentine was eventually apprehended and sentenced to prison for his crimes against Claudius.

Tradition holds that Valentine healed the girl’s eyesight and that his final act before being executed was to pen a heartfelt love letter to her, addressed to her as “from your Valentine.” Valentine was beheaded on February 14, 270, on the 14th of February.

How did Valentine’s Day develop?

It wasn’t until more than 200 years later that the 14th of February was officially designated as St Valentine’s Day in the United States. By this time, Rome had converted to Christianity, and the Catholic Church was keen to eradicate all vestiges of pagan practices. When a pagan fertility rite was celebrated on February 14th of each year, the Pope decided to cancel the festival and name the 14th of February as Saint Valentine’s Day, thereby creating this feast day on the Catholic Calendar of Saints.

In this way, the custom of courtly love was established, a ritual of expressing feelings of love and adoration, which was typically carried out in secret.

Historical scholars think that these meetings were actually get-togethers when individuals read love poems and performed games of flirting with one another, rather than formal meetings.

Valentine’s Day Symbols

People began to send customized cards to convey their devotion as a result of the tradition of sending love notes to one another. These cards were exquisite works of art, created by the sender and especially crafted to express their feelings for the recipient. It was customary for greeting cards to include a heartfelt text expressing the recipient’s attractiveness and how much they were cherished. Cards for Saint Valentine’s Day were embellished with images of cupid, hearts, and flowers, and the edges were finished with lace and ribbon.

What is Valentine’s Day in Contemporary Times?

People began to send customized cards to convey their passion as a result of the tradition of sending love notes. Each of these cards was a lovely work done by the sender and specially tailored to express their feelings of affection for the recipient. In most cases, cards would include a heartfelt phrase that extolled the recipient’s beauty and how much they were cherished. Images of cupid, hearts, and flowers were used to embellish Valentine’s Day cards, which were finished with lace and ribbon.

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