How Did Saint James Die


James the Great – Wikipedia

SaintJames the Great
Saint James the GreatbyGuido Reni
Born Bethsaida,Galilee,Roman Empire
Died AD 44Jerusalem,Judea, Roman Empire
Canonized Pre-Congregation
Feast 25 July (Western Christianity)30 April (Eastern Christianity) 30 December (Hispanic Church)
Attributes Red Martyr,Scallop,Pilgrim’s hat
Patronage PlacesSpain,Guatemala,Seattle,Nicaragua,Guayaquil,Betis Church, Guagua,Pampanga,Badian,Buhay Na Tubig, Imus,Paete, Laguna,Sogod,Cebu,Philippinesand some places ofMexico.ProfessionsVeterinarians,equestrians,furriers,tanners,pharmacists,oyster fishers,woodcarvers.

The Catholic practice of beatification and canonization remains a mystery to many, even those within the Church. When the Church takes such actions, why does it do so? What is the Church’s method of accomplishing this goal? Are there ramifications to being beatified and then going on to be canonized, and what are they? ScripturallyF First and foremost, it should be noted that every Christian is a saint, according to the testimony of Sacred Scripture. Thehagios is a word that appears numerous times in the Greek New Testament (Acts 9:32; Rom 15:25, 31; Eph 1:1; Col.

The sancti are referred to in the Latin Vulgate, and are sometimes referred to as the saints or the holy ones in English translations.

Peter that they are “anointed people,” members of the “royal priesthood,” “a holy nation, a people of his own,” and that they “are called to proclaim the praises of him who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light.” The saints are those who have been set apart by God through baptism, who have been filled with His divine life (the Kingdom of God within), and who have been commissioned to proclaim the presence of the Kingdom of God in the world to the entire human race, as well as to the rest of creation.

  1. In this way, all those who have been baptized into Christ and are in the state of grace can legitimately be referred to as saints in the context of the biblical language.
  2. A more technical and exacting definition of saints is those in whom Christ’s victory over sin, the devil, and death has not only begun, as it has in us, but has been fully accomplished.
  3. However, even while proclaiming that no one is truly good except God (Mt 19:17), Christ called us to the perfection of goodness and holiness, exhorting us to “be perfect as your heavenly Father is perfect” (Mt 5:48; Mt 19:21; Col.
  4. According to the early Church, only those Christians who perfectly followed Christ would be admitted immediately to the heavenly Jerusalem.
  5. Because perfection was defined as conformity to Christ in His death, a process that began with baptism, the martyr (literally, witness for Christ) was considered to have achieved the goal.
  6. Saint Polycarp’s Martyrdom (155 AD), as recorded in the Circular Letter of the Church of Smyrna, is a perfect example of this esteem.

In addition, if it becomes possible for us to reassemble, may God grant us the joy of commemorating the anniversary of his martyrdom with joy, in order to recall the memory of those who fought in the glorious battle, as well as to teach and strengthen those who will come after us, through his example.

  1. Their feast day, which coincided with their ascension into eternal life, was chosen for this purpose.
  2. Together with the entire Church, I am a member of Mary is remembered with reverence.
  3. Peter and Paul as well as James and John, Thomas and Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Simon, and Jude; we also commemorate the feast of Sts.
  4. John and Paul, as well as the feast of Sts.

Thus, during the early centuries of the Church, popular acclaim of martyrs’ sanctity, veneration of their relics, and the honoring of their names in private and liturgical prayer (with the consent of the local bishop) resulted in the canonization of significant witnesses to Christ both in the universal and local Church, as examples of the perfect fidelity to which all Christians are called.

It was at this point that the Church began to look for alternative models of holiness, alternative ways in which conformity to Christ could be a witness to the faithful and to the wider community, the living out in daily Christian life of the dying to oneself and living for Christ that had been undertaken at baptism.

  1. As a result, such Confessors, whose lives had earned them the reputation of holiness, began to be elevated to the status of canonized saints and martyrs.
  2. Early church council records show that, although there were occasional interventions to correct abuses in saint naming and to establish criteria for their acclamation, the process remained a local one, with only a few instances of Popes declaring saints to be venerated universally.
  3. In response, the Bishop of Trani was ordered to conduct a local investigation into his alleged sanctity and miracles, which would then be forwarded to the Pope for final approval.
  4. The development of legal procedures themselves appears to have been a result of this as well.
  5. In the Church, abuses have frequently resulted in significant changes to the way things are done in the Church.
  6. One of the factors that triggered this was the canonization as saint of a Swedish “martyr” who was killed while under the influence of alcohol and thus could not be considered a truly willing witness for Jesus.
  7. The centralization of the canonization process in Rome was an inevitability as a result of the development of the Church’s theological and canonic Tradition.

The infallibility of the Church’s charism of infallibility had to be invoked in order to give universal witness to the sanctity of someone, and this was the higher standard that had to be met.

When it comes to the practical application of this infallibility, the apostolic office is tasked with doing so in the name and by the authority of Christ the Head of the Church, with the goal of binding the faithful in a matter of faith or ethics.

Peter can accomplish this, or the college of bishops can do so on their own (Acts 15:28).

Christ, through the grace of the Holy Spirit, protects such judgments of universal significance for the Church from being misunderstood or misrepresented.

It is important to remember that just as in the case of dogmatic definition, the declaration of a saint places that person at the heart of the Church’s life, in the central mystery of the faith, the Eucharist, and as such, it must be free of error by nature.

It is said that grace is built on the foundation of nature.

Because of the rapid development of the papal canonization process, there are now a number of procedures that need to be followed both in the diocese and in Rome.

There were two regular processes in place by the fourteenth century, namely the Cause for Beatification and the Cause for Canonization.

The second procedure, canonization, allowed the now-Saint to be venerated by the entire Church as a result of the first.

During this period, the office of the Promoter of the Faith (also known as the Devil’s Advocate) was established, whose primary responsibility was to argue against the Servant of God.

Pope Paul’s reforms included the unification of the processes into a singleCause for Canonization, which was one of the goals of his reforms.

A thorough review of all relevant historical and personal information that bears on the life and virtues of the Servant of God is now the process, rather than a trial of the candidate, as was once the case.

A Cause had to be introduced 50 years before Pope John Paul II’s reforms were implemented.

Because of this long period of time, most witnesses for or against a Servant of God had died by the time the trial began.

The reform of the waiting period was intended to encourage thorough documentation of a candidate’s life, the gathering of testimonies while witnesses were still alive, and the collection of all personal correspondence and other writings that might otherwise be unavailable later in life.

Finally, as Cardinal Angelo Amato, Prefect of the Congregation, has recently stated, the process is meticulous in that it takes into consideration three vocies that must be in agreement — the Vox Populi or voice of the people (the sensus fidelium), the Vox Dei or voice of God (through the miracle), and the Vox Ecclesiae or voice of the Church’s official judgment (the sensus juris).

Describes what it means to be a Saint or a Blessed person.

The rule that the Cause for Pope John Paul II had insisted on prior to his beatification – that there be no display of Pope John Paul II’s picture in places of worship, that there be no hymns dedicated to him, and that there be no public prayers addressed directly to him – is consistent with the strict norms of the Church in this regard.

When a person is beatified, he or she might receive a variety of symbols of reverence.

Blessed Takeri Tekawitha, the Lily of the Mohawks, is commemorated in the liturgical calendars of the United States and Canada, although she could not be legally commemorated in other countries, such as Japan, because of her Native American heritage.

Pio on his feast day, September 23, even though he was already a saint.

As an analogy, beatification is somewhat similar to the practice of “local canonization” that existed earlier in history, with the difference being that a bishop, rather than “canonizing” someone himself, communicates to the Holy Father the person’s reputation for holiness and his or her flock’s desire to venerate them.

  • In conjunction with beatification comes the limited right to venerate the relics of the blessed, to offer public prayers in his honor, and to respect his pictures in places of worship where the Holy See has granted this permission.
  • Canonization is the process by which this is accomplished.
  • Cultus.
  • Deity or a god was worshiped in the ancient world, and the Latin phrase for this held the sense of religious devotion.

In using the term, but with specific theological meaning, the Church distinguishes between the forms of worship appropriate to the Trinity, Christ, and the Blessed Sacrament (called latria, worship, or adoration in the strict sense), and the forms of veneration and honor appropriate to the Blessed Virgin, the angels, and the saints — called hyperdulia (or the highest measure of veneration) in the case of Mary, anddulia (or simple veneration) in the case of the In order to uphold the ideal of justice, we must pay appropriate honor, respect, and thankfulness in the appropriate degree to those who are involved in God’s plan for our natural and supernatural existence.

  1. Honor thy father and thy mother is something God mandates in the Fourth Commandment.
  2. 13:7).
  3. As a second category, it includes angelic spirits and human persons who have carried out the will of God, ranging from the holy prophets and monarchs through St.
  4. We would not have the faith we have now if it were not for their participation with God’s plan in the past.

It is their fidelity (or, in the Christian age, their imitation of Christ) that serves as the foundation of our individual and collective thankfulness for the working of God’s favor in their life, and hence the cornerstone of their cultus (in the way understood by the Church).

In the New Testament

Zerbee and Salome’s son, James is referred to as “the Greater” to separate him from the ApostleJames “the Less,” with greater implying that he is older or taller rather than that he is more significant. John the Apostle’s brother, James the Great, was born in the same year as John the Apostle. James is identified as one of the first disciples to follow Jesus into the city of Jerusalem. According to the Synoptic Gospels, James and John were with their father by the seaside when Jesus summoned them to come with him to follow him.

  • According to one legend, Jesus granted James and John (or, in another, their mother) seats on his right and left in the kingdom of heaven.
  • The other apostles were dissatisfied with their behavior.
  • The Acts of the Apostlesrecords that “Herod the king” (generally associated with Herod Agrippa I) ordered James to be killed by sword, which is consistent with the tradition.
  • When compared to the narrative of the Liberation of Saint Peter, F.
  • Bruce comments that the fact that “James should die but Peter should escape” is a “mystery of divine providence.”


Saint James is the patron saint of Spain in the Catholic faith, and according to legend, his bones are interred at the city of Santiago de Compostela in the Galician province of Galicia. This nameSantiagois the result of a local development of the LatinGenitive. In Latin, Sancti Iacobo means “(church or sanctuary) of Saint James” (which has evolved into a personal name in Spanish and even in Portuguese – Tiago -, with its derivativesDiego / Diogo) and in English, it means “Saint James’s Church or Sanctuary.” Traditional pilgrimages to the tomb of the saint, known as the ” Way of St.

  • The Pilgrims of St.
  • It is estimated that 327,378 pilgrims officially registered in 2018 as having completed the last 100 kilometer (62 mile) walk or the final 200 kilometres (120 mile) bicycle ride from Santiago to qualify for aCompostela award.
  • Jubilee years follow a pattern of 6-5-6-11 (unless when the last year of a century is not a leap year, in which case there might be a gap of 7 or 12 years between jubilee years).
  • The number had increased to 272,412 at the end of the Holy Year 2010.
  • On the liturgical calendars of the Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran, and some Protestant churches, the feast day of St.
  • In the Orthodox Christian liturgical calendar, he is celebrated on April 30, which is his birthday (for those churches which follow the traditionalJulian Calendar, 30 April currently falls on 13 May of the modernGregorian Calendar).

Galicia’s national day is also commemorated on July 25th, in honor of St James, who is the country’s patron saint. The Apostle James is commemorated in the Church of England with a Festival on the 25th of July.


The location of the martyrdom is within the Armenian Apostolic Cathedral of St. James, which is located in the Armenian Quarter of Jerusalem. King Agrippa ordered his beheading (Acts 12:1–2). The traditional location of his martyrdom is the Chapel of St. James the Great, which is to the left of the sanctuary and is placed to the left of the sanctuary. Afterward, his body was buried beneath the altar, which was marked by a piece of red marble and encircled by six votive lights.

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Apostle James, son of Zebedee, is credited with spreading Christianity throughout Spain, according to Catholic legend. When he was 44 years old, he was beheaded in Jerusalem, and his ashes were later transported to Galicia in a stone boat, to the site where today’s Santiago de Compostela Cathedral sits. The Historia Compostelana, written in the 12th century and commissioned bybishopDiego Gelmrez, presents a synopsis of the legend of St. James as it was believed in Compostela at the time of writing.

James preached the gospel both in Spain and in the Holy Land; and second, that after his martyrdom at the hands of Herod Agrippa, St.

According to legend, the transfer of his relics from Jerusalem to Galicia in the northwest of Iberia was accomplished through a series of miraculous events: after being decapitated in Jerusalem with a sword by Herod Agrippa himself, his body was taken up by angels and sailed in an unattended boat toIria Flavia in Iberia, where a massive rock closed around his relics, which were later removed to Compostela.

  1. According to traditional local belief, the Virgin Mary appeared to James on the bank of the Ebro River near Caesaraugusta on the 2nd of January, AD 40, when he was preaching the Gospel in Spain at the time.
  2. As a result of the vision, St.
  3. It is believed that the finding of the relics of the saint occurred during the reign of King Alfonso II (791–842) and Bishop Theodemir of Iria, according to local legend in Compostela.
  4. Known as the Way of St.
  5. Eventually, James was elevated to the position of patron saint of Spain.


In the year AD 44, James was martyred. According to early Christian legend, he had not yet left Jerusalem at the time of this event. One line of argument in support of this assertion is found in theEpistle to the Romans, which was written after AD 44 and in which Paul expresses his desire to avoid “building on someone else’s foundation” by visiting Spain, suggesting that he was unaware of any previous evangelization efforts in Hispania, suggesting that he was unaware of any previous evangelization efforts in Hispania.

  • St.
  • A competing version places the apostle’s relics at the church ofSt.
  • Saint James’ burial in Compostela was not universally recognized, and some modern historians, like Louis Duchesne and T.
  • Kendrick, have come to oppose the tradition in the wake of this.

In addition to the legend’s very recent emergence, the Catholic Encyclopedia (1908) identified various “difficulties” or grounds for skepticism about it, including the following: Even though it was common knowledge in the year 700 that James established anapostolic seein Iberia, there is no specific mention of this tradition in the genuine writings of early writers or in the early councils; the first specific mention of this tradition is found in the ninth century, in Notker, a monk of St.

Gall (Martyrologia, 25 July), Walafrid Strabo (Poema de XII Apostoli), and others.

The Bollandists, on the other hand, defended it. (They provide more references in their Acta Sanctorum, July VI and VII.) As previously stated, Pope Leo XIII, in his 1884 bullOmnipotens Deus, expressed his trust in the validity of the relics at Santiago de Compostela.

Medieval “Santiago Matamoros” legend

An even later myth claims that he appeared mysteriously to fight for the Christian army at the famed Battle of Clavijo, and that he was christened Santiago Matamoros as a result of his appearance (Saint James theMoor -slayer). “Santiago and shut up, Spain!” says the narrator. Battle cries such as “St. James and strike for Spain” were used by medieval Spanish (Christian) troops in their battles. “The great knight of the russet cross was given by God to Spain as patron and defender,” says Miguel de Cervantes in Don Quixote.

The possibility that a cult of James was established to supplant the Galician cult of Priscillian (who was executed in 385), who was widely venerated across northern Iberia as a martyr (by the hands of the local bishops rather than as a heretic), should not be dismissed should not be dismissed out of hand.

The Catholic Encyclopedia of 1908, on the other hand, is extremely circumspect regarding the cult’s roots (see above at”Controversy”).


He is also known as Santiago Matamoros in a later myth, which claims that he emerged magically to fight for the Christian army at the fabled Battle of Clavijo, and that he was so designated as such (Saint James theMoor -slayer). And then it’s over for Spain. Santiago, and cierra! During the Middle Ages, the battle cry of medieval Spanish (Christian) troops was “St. James and strike for Spain.” “The great knight of the russet cross was given by God to Spain as patron and defender,” Miguel de Cervantes explains in Don Quixote.

Shouldn’t be forgotten is the possibility that the cult of James was established to supersede the Galician worship of Priscillian (who was killed in 385), who was widely adored across northern Iberia as a martyr (although at the hands of local bishops rather than as a heretic).

Its roots, on the other hand, are ambiguous according to theCatholic Encyclopedia of 1908.

Military Order of Santiago

It was in the 12th century that the militaryOrder of Santiago was established in Spain, named for Saint Tiago or Saint James, in order to battle the Moors. Later, like with other orders of chivalry, membership in the Order of the Garter became a badge of honor.

Latter-day Saints

Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery were present when the Apostles James, Peter, and John appeared to them as heavenly messengers in 1829 and conferred upon them both, and thus restored, the Aaronic and Melchizedek priesthoods, as well as the authority of apostolic succession to them, as well as exclusively on earth to their organization, according to the teachings of the Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).

In Islam

Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery were present when the Apostles James, Peter, and John appeared to them as heavenly messengers in 1829 and conferred upon them both, and thus restored, the Aaronic and Melchizedek priesthoods, as well as the authority of apostolic succession to them, as well as exclusively on earth to their organization, according to the teachings of the Latter-day Saints(LDS Church).

See also

  • It is also known as the Secret Book of James. Other names for it include the Apocryphon of James (also spelled Camino de Santiago), Cathedral of St. James (disambiguation), Hand of St James the Apostle, Jacob, and the Camino de Santiago (disambiguation). St. James the Sword, a military order founded by Saint James the Sword
  • Our Lady of the Pillar, a Marian/angelic apparition that James is said to have had
  • A saint named Peter of Rates
  • Saint James, son of Zebedee, patron saint of archives
  • A saint named Peter of Rates St. James’ Church (disambiguation)
  • Santiago Matamoros (lit. “Saint James the Moor-slayer”)
  • Santiago Matamoros (lit. “Saint James the Moor-slayer”).


  1. Camerlynck 1910
  2. Nixon 1963, p. 1354
  3. Bruce 1964, p. 251
  4. Starkie 1957
  5. “Estadisticas antiguas” (Old Statistics). The Cathedral of Saint James (in Spanish). Retrieved on the 26th of July, 2021. Statistics from the past
  6. “Peregrinos in the Last Few Years” Statistics from the last few years (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 1 January 2010
  7. “La Peregrinación a Santiago en 2010″(PDF) is a document on the pilgrimage to Santiago in 2010. (in Spanish). “The Calendar” was published on 29 November 2015 and has been archived in PDF format. The Church of England is a denomination in the United Kingdom. “Photo of the altar in the Chapel of St. James the Great,” which was retrieved on March 27, 2021. The original version of this article was published on September 27, 2011. Clement of Alexandria,Stromateis, VI
  8. Apollonius,Ecclesiastical HistoryV.xviii)
  9. Kendrick 1960
  10. Cervantes 1863, p. 441
  11. Doctrine and Covenants27:12
  12. AbChadwick 1976
  13. Fletcher 1984
  14. AbC According to NoegelWheeler 2003, p. 86, Muslim interpretation lists the disciples of Jesus as Peter, Andrew, Matthew, Thomas, Philip, John, James, Bartholomew, and Simon, with the exception of Judas Iscariot.


  • Commentary on the Book of Acts, written by F. F. Bruce in 1964. Wm. B. Eerdmans
  • Camerlynck, Achille (Grand Rapids, Michigan) (1910). “St. James the Greater” is an abbreviation. According to Charles Herbermann (ed.). The Catholic Encyclopedia, 8th edition, New York: Robert Appleton Company
  • Chadwick, Henry (1976), Priscillian of Avila, Oxford University Press
  • Cervantes, Miguel de Cervantes, Priscillian of Avila, Oxford University Press
  • (1863). Don Quixote de la Mancha: A Revised Translation Based on the Works of Motteux, Jarvis, and Smollett. New York: Harper & Row. D. Appleton & Company
  • Fletcher, Richard A. New York: D. Appleton & Company (1984), The Catapult of Saint James: The Life and Times of Diego Gelmrez of Santiago de Compostela is a book on the life and times of Diego Gelmrez of Santiago de Compostela. Clarendon Press, ISBN 978-0-19-822581-2
  • Kendrick, Thomas Downing
  • Kendrick, Thomas Downing (1960). St. James is venerated throughout Spain. Methuen
  • Nixon, R. E.
  • Nixon, R. E. (1963). “Boanerges”. According to J. D. Douglas (ed.). The New International Bible Dictionary. Inter-Varsity Press
  • Noegel, Scott B
  • Wheeler, Brandon M. London: Inter-Varsity Press (2003). In Islam and Judaism, there is a historical dictionary of prophets. Scarecrow Press, Lanham, Maryland, ISBN 978-0810843059
  • Starkie, Walter (1957). The Road to Santiago de Compostela. The Pilgrims of St. James are a group of people who go to the Holy Land to seek religious guidance. OCLC28087235
  • E. P. Dutton, New York
  • OCLC28087235

Further reading

  • “St. James the Great, Apostle,” Butler’s Lives of the Saints
  • “St. James the Great, Apostle”
  • A biography of St. James the Great, his miracles, and his martyrdom
  • A biography of St. James the Great, an apostle and martyr of the Christian Church
  • The Way of St. James is a pilgrimage route that begins in Spain and ends in England. Follow St. James’s footsteps on the trip to Santiago de Compostela with the help of this pilgrimage guide. Apostle James the Theologian’s BrotherOrthodoxiconandsynaxarion
  • History
  • St. James the Greater, Apostleat theChristian Iconographyweb site
  • Apostle James the Theologian’s BrotherOrthodoxiconandsynaxarion St. James the Greater, as shown in Caxton’s translation of the Golden Legend
  • The patron saint of Spain, whose feast day is celebrated at Santiago de Compostela every July

Meet James: The First Apostle to Die for Jesus

The apostle James was given a special distinction by Jesus Christ in the form of a privileged position. As one of Jesus’ twelve selected disciples, he was also one of three individuals who belonged to Christ’s inner circle, a position he held until his death. The other members of the group were James’ brother John and Simon Peter. Another notable accomplishment of the apostle James was his status as the first person to die as a martyr.

Apostle James

  • In addition to being known as:James of Zebedee
  • Nicknamed “Boanerges” or “Son of Thunder” by Jesus
  • In addition to being known for:James accompanied Jesus as one of the 12 chosen disciples. In addition to being the brother of John, this apostle James (because there were two) was a member of Christ’s inner circle of three, which also included Peter and John. He was the first apostle to be murdered for his beliefs after Jesus’ resurrection, and he was the first to preach the gospel following Jesus’ ascension. Several biblical references are provided, including: the apostle James, who is named in all four Gospels, and his martyrdom, which is recorded in Acts 12:2
  • Zebedee’s father, Salome’s mother, and brother, John, are all named Zebedee. His hometown was Capernaum, on the shores of the Sea of Galilee. Fisherman and follower of Jesus Christ, respectively. James was a devoted disciple of Jesus, and this was one of his greatest strengths. He appears to have possessed exceptional personal traits that are not described in Scripture, as evidenced by the fact that his character earned him the status as one of Jesus’ favorites. James’s weaknesses include that he may be impulsive and unintelligent when dealing with his brother John. When it came to earthly problems, he did not always apply the gospel

Who Was the Apostle James?

James was one of the first twelve disciples to be called by the name of Jesus. When Jesus called the brothers, James and John were working as fishermen on the Sea of Galilee with their father Zebedee at the time. When they heard about the young rabbi, they promptly abandoned their father and his business to join him. James was most likely the oldest of the two brothers, given he is usually mentioned first in the narrative. There were three occasions in which Jesus asked James, John, and Peter to see occurrences that no one else was there for: the raising of Jairus’ daughter from the dead (Mark 5:37-47), the transfiguration (Matthew 17:1-3), and Jesus’ anguish in the Garden of Gethsemane (Matthew 26:53-58).

James, on the other hand, was not above making mistakes.

As a result, they were given the moniker “Boanerges,” which means “sons of thunder.” The mother of James and John also went over the line by pleading with Jesus to give her boys special roles in his kingdom, which he refused.

Approximately 44 A.D., under the orders of King Herod Agrippa I of Judea, he was slain with the sword as part of a broad persecution of the early church.

Life Lessons

Despite all he had saw and experienced as a follower of Jesus, James’ faith remained weak until after the resurrection of Jesus. When he and his brother requested Jesus for the pleasure of sitting beside him in glory, Jesus responded by promising them only a share in his suffering (Mark 10:35–45), which they refused to accept.

In this lesson, they learned that the greatest calling of a servant of Jesus is to serve others, not themselves. James realized that following Jesus Christ can result in adversity, persecution, and even death, but that the prize is eternal life with him in the presence of the Father.

Key Verses

Although James had witnessed and experienced everything that Jesus had, his faith remained weak until after Jesus’ resurrection. When he and his brother approached Jesus once for the pleasure of sitting beside him in glory, Jesus responded by promising them just a portion in his suffering (Mark 10:35–45), which they accepted. In this lesson, they learned that the greatest vocation of a Christian servant is to serve others. Follower of Jesus Christ can experience difficulty, persecution, and even death; but the prize is eternal life with him in paradise.

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St. James the Greater – Saints & Angels

The early life of Saint James the Greater is unknown, while it has been confirmed that he is the son of Zebedee and Salome, and that he is the brother of John the disciple, among other things. The title “the Greater” was given to St. James’ name in order to distinguish him from the Apostle James “the Less,” who is thought to have been somewhat shorter than James “the Greater,” according to tradition. Saint James the Greater was a follower of Jesus who was among the first to follow him. When Jesus arrived to the beaches of the Sea of Galilee, James was fishing with his father and John the Apostle when he asked for the fishermen, who had been unable to catch any fish that day, to dip their nets back into the sea.

  • When the fishermen followed Jesus’ directions, they discovered that their nets were overflowing with fish, and after loading the fish onto the boats, the boats were on the verge of sinking due to the weight of the catch.
  • Following Christ’s ascension, James went forth and preached the Gospel throughout Israel, as well as across the Roman Empire.
  • One day, when he was praying, the Blessed Virgin Mary appeared to him and requested that he construct a church for her; he agreed and built the church.
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  • As the first apostle to die, St.
  • His bones were transferred to Compostela, Spain, by a group of his disciples, who buried him there because he was not allowed to be buried in his hometown after his martyrdom.
  • His bones can still be found today in the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela.
  • The Prayer of St.

James, who, because of thy fervent and generous heart, wast chosen by Jesus to be a witness to His glory on Mount Tabor,and of His agony in Gethsemane;thou, Amen.

Saint James

What is the identity of St. James, our patron saint? Despite the fact that his name is well known, many of us are just vaguely familiar with him as one of the apostles. There appears to be nothing to arouse devotion in him: he spoke little that is recorded in the Gospels, and he left no written records of his own. (Another disciple by the name of James is credited with writing the “Letter of James” in the New Testament.) But it has been through the ages that this saint has sparked an intense devotion that has brought millions from all over the world, including from all corners of the world to his vast shrine in Spain, where several miracles have been credited to his mighty intercession.

  • It was around this time that James and his brother, John, were aboard their fishing boat, fixing their fishing nets (Matthew 4: 18 – 2 2).
  • The Gospels make it plain that James and John were, together with Peter, the disciples whom Jesus had the most confidence in.
  • Jame’s presence with Jesus during the Transfiguration, in the Garden of Gethsemane, and in the home of Jairus when Jesus resurrected Jairus’ daughter to life are all recorded in Scripture.
  • James was also the first apostle to give his life in the service of Christ.
  • 44 (Acts 12:2), according to the Bible.
  • His feast day is celebrated on July 25th.
  • James’ life.

The mystery, on the other hand, is how James got to be buried at that location.

In addition, according to legend, two of these (Theodore and Athanasius) followed him back to Jerusalem, where he was killed at the hands of King Herod.

They prayed to God to guide them, and the boat drifted to northern Spain, where James was laid to rest.

The relics of St.

During the Middle Ages, Compostela rose to prominence as one of the most important pilgrimage destinations on the planet.

A visit from St.

Charlemagne will vanquish the Moors throughout Spain, according to the apostle’s prediction.

Whether it was true or not, the story of St.

As word of the apostle’s miracle-working prowess spread, an increasing number of pilgrims began making the pilgrimage to his tomb in order to seek his protection and intercession.

When the pilgrims of the Middle Ages arrived in Santiago de Compostela, they were able to collect their much-anticipated souvenirs: The scallop shell was transformed into the equivalent of a pilgrim’s passport, allowing travelers to be identified as such.

The Shell and Our Place of Worship There are several ways in which the belief in the miracle of how St.

James church building in Granada, Spain. Parishioners will be reminded of St. James, apostle and friend of Jesus, throughout the church, from the altar to the baptismal font to the holy water fonts and cornerstone.

Patron saint of Spain: Saint James the Apostle biography

In Spain and Galicia, St James the Greater is the patron saint of both the country and the region. He was born to Zebedee and became a disciple of Jesus Christ before being canonized. Saint James is known in Spanish as Santiago, and he is the patron saint of Guatemala, Nicaragua, and fishers, among other countries. However, why is Saint James the patron saint of Spain, when is his feast day, and how is it honored are all questions worth exploring. All of these and more is explained in detail in this guide to the Patron Saint of Spain facts.

Who was St James?

According to the New Testament, James, son of Zebedee, lived during the time of Jesus Christ as a fisherman on the Sea of Galilee, where he met Jesus. As a result, he felt called by God to become a follower of Jesus, and he was chosen to be one of the twelve apostles. Because he had witnessed several miracles, including Jesus’ appearance on the beaches of Lake Tiberias and His resurrection, he had firm confidence in the Lord, and he never questioned His goodness.

How did Saint James go to Spain?

The narrative goes that James traveled to Spain after Jesus’ death in order to preach and spread the teachings of Jesus. Hispania was the name given to Spain and Portugal during the Roman era, and it is believed that James came on the Iberian Peninsula via sea, either through the Strait of Gibraltar or through what is now the city of Tarragona. Santiago is the Spanish counterpart of the name ‘James,’ and as a result, he was recognized by that name in that country. In the northern Spanish area of Galicia, he is supposed to have begun preaching, and as a result, he is revered there as the patron saint of Galicia and, by extension, the entire country of Spain.

How did St. James die?

It was not until later, in the year 40 AD, that the Virgin Mary appeared individually to each of the Twelve Apostles of Christ to warn them of her imminent demise. Despite making the arduous trek back to Jerusalem to pay his respects, James was kidnapped and killed by beheading by King Herod Agrippa I in the year 44 AD for heresy, according to the Bible. Despite the fact that he died in Jerusalem, his bones were returned to Galicia, where a cathedral was built over his remains to honor him. This was the commencement of the construction of the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, and it is believed that the corpse of St.

Why is James the Apostle the patron saint of Spain?

It was not until later, in the year 40 AD, that the Virgin Mary appeared individually to each of the Twelve Apostles of Christ to warn them of her approaching demise and death. James returned to Jerusalem to pay his respects, but he was kidnapped and killed by beheading by King Herod Agrippa I in the year 44 AD for heresy after making the arduous voyage back. His bones were returned to Galicia, despite the fact that he had died in Jerusalem, and a church was built on top of them. There are rumors that St.

How do Spanish people celebrate their patron saint day?

It is customary to celebrate both theDa del Apóstol Santiago, or St. James’s Day, and theDa de Galicia, or Galicia Day on the 25th of July each year. The Galician people organize a festival in the city of Santiago de Compostela to commemorate this occasion, which includes a spectacular fireworks display over the cathedral, as well as music and other street events.

In addition, an unique liturgy is celebrated in the cathedral, which includes the swinging of the botafumeiro, a massive incense burner that is world-renowned for its fragrance.

Is there a female patron saint of Spain?

St. James the Apostle is not the sole patron saint of Spain; there are several others as well. There is still another recognized female patron saint of Spain. Her name is Isabella of Asturias. Historically, Spain has venerated the Immaculate Conception, and the eighth of December has been designated as a national holiday in her honor since 1644. For a brief period of time following her death, Santa Teresa, the patron saint of the city of vila, was also regarded as a potential contender to be named the country’s national patron saint.

History of the Apostle Saint James the Greater

The pilgrimage route known as the Camino de Santiago is named after St. James, the patron saint of Spain. So, what is it about Saint James the Greater, apostle of Jesus, that makes him so essential to the Camino and to Christian faith in general? The following are some quick facts about St. James the Apostle:

  • Spain and pilgrims are both patronized by Saint James, who is also known as the Patron Saint of Spain. His Memorial Day or Feast Day is celebrated on the 25th of July
  • He was identified by Jesus as one of the Sons of Thunder
  • He was killed by beheading in AD 44
  • And he is commemorated on the 25th of July.

Spain and pilgrims are both patronized by Saint James, who is also known as the patron saint of pilgrims. This year’s Memorial Day or Feast Day is celebrated on the 25th of July. He was one of the Twelve Sons of Thunder, so dubbed by Jesus; he was beheaded in AD 44; and he is commemorated on the 25th of July.

What is a Patron Saint?

To begin, let’s review the fundamentals: a patron saint is someone who is revered as a defender of a particular group of people or nationality. There is a patron saint for almost every cause, profession, or area of special interest imaginable. To provide just two examples, St. Francis of Assisi is the patron saint of animals, while St. Anthony is the patron saint of misplaced belongings. Patron saints are not just associated with Roman Catholicism; they are also associated with Eastern Orthodoxy, Anglicanism, and various branches of Islam, among other religions.

History of Saint James

St James the Greater was one of Jesus Christ’s followers, and since he was the son of Mary, the Virgin Mary’s sister, and the brother of St. Jude Thaddeus, he was considered to be the cousin of Jesus himself. He was also the brother of St. Jude Thaddeus, who was also a disciple of Jesus Christ. He shared a fishing boat with his brother, John, his father, Zebedee, and his partner, Simon, and they made a living off the sea. John and James were disciples of John the Baptist, who eventually became a follower of Jesus.

When Jesus was crucified by the Romans, he remained as one of his followers and accompanied Jesus everywhere.

Death and Relics of Saint James

His beheading occurred in 44AD by King Herod Agrippa I of Judea, when he returned to Judea after his exile. In Acts 12 of the New Testament, the Bible describes how “King Herod stretched his hands to hurt certain members of the church. ” The sword was used to slay James, the brother of John.3 Seeing how thrilled the Jews were with this, he proceeded to capture Peter as well,” says the Bible (Act 12 Modern English Version). It is believed that the remains of St James the Greater were then transported by his followers to the Iberian Peninsula (currently known as Galicia in Spain), where they are said to be buried in Santiago de Compostela, which is why St James the Greater is now known as the patron saint of that country.

After landing on the northwest shore of the peninsula, they traveled up the River Ulla to the town of Iria Flavia, where they spent the night (modern-day Padron).

When she was pursuing after James’ followers carrying his body across a bridge, the bridge collapsed, killing her and her army.

His disciples prayed over where to bury the sacred bones since they were unsure where they should lay them.

They ultimately decided to let the ox proceed till it found a suitable resting spot. After stopping for a drink at a creek, the ox eventually came to rest under an oak tree at the summit of a mountain. The Cathedral of Santiago, which is still standing today, is located here.

The Legend of St James the Greater

St James, often known as St Iago (after the Spanish spelling of his name), is the patron saint of Spain’s military forces. His task to guard the Christian Church from intruders took place after his death, rather than during it. According to history, at the renowned Battle of Clavijo, he emerged out of nowhere riding a milk-white charger, waving a white standard in the air, and led the Christians to victory. His name, “Sant lago!” was used as the battle cry of the day, and this apparition was in response to the troops’ invocation of his name.

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Why is Saint James a Saint?

Martyrs and confessors are the two types of saints recognized by the Catholic Church. A Christian martyr is defined as someone who has been executed because of his or her Christian religion or views. Confessors are those who died as a result of natural causes. James the Greater died in AD 44 after being beheaded by King Herod, earning him the title of martyr. St James is also usually regarded as the first apostle to be martyred, a fact that is universally acknowledged.

Why is he the patron of pilgrims and Spain?

St James the Greater is usually considered as the patron saint of pilgrims because, after establishing the Christian faith on the Iberian Peninsula, modern Galicia, he went to Judaea on a pilgrimage and was beheaded, he is also known as the patron saint of travelers. Because it may be found on the coasts of Galicia, the scallop shell has since become a well-known emblem of all pilgrims on the Camino de Santiago. After retuning to their home countries, pilgrims wore the scallop shell on their hats to demonstrate that they had followed through with their religious goals.

The Christians think that St James was instrumental in their victory over the Moors in Spain, which is still another reason he is their patron saint.

How is St James the Greater represented in Christian Art?

It is beneficial to be able to recognize prominent saints in works of art such as paintings, stained glass windows, illuminated manuscripts, architecture, and other types of Christian artwork. The lives and deaths of saints, as well as an area of life with which the person is most intimately linked, are shown in the creative renderings. St James the Greater is shown in Christian art as a traveler with a staff, gourd, and scallop shell in his possession. St James is also frequently represented as riding into combat on a white horse.

The Feast Day of St James

The Feast Day of St Jamesthe Greater is observed on July 25th across Spain, but particularly at Santiago de Compostela. Every year, a spectacular fireworks show marks the conclusion of a two-week festival. When the Feast of St James falls on a Sunday, the next year is designated as a Camino Holy Year, also known as a Year of Compostela or a Jacobean Year, among other names. If you go to the Cathedral in Santiago during these years, you will be able to acquire a plenary indulgence. During the Holy Years, the Camino routes can become quite crowded, making early preparation for pilgrims absolutely vital!

James’ Day?

Most saints have feast days that are related with certain days of the year, which are specifically allocated for them.

Feast days originated in the early Christian practice of annually commemorating martyrs on the anniversaries of their deaths while also commemorating their ascension into paradise, which was celebrated concurrently.

Visit Santiago and the relics of Saint James

Visit Santiago to discover more about Saint James and his life. Many memorials to him may be seen in this city, particularly at the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela – also known as the Cathedral of Saint James of the Field of Stars! There is no better way to arrive in this city than on foot or by bicycle along the Camino de Santiago, which will allow you to properly experience it. You may walk any of the Camino routes for as little as a few days or as long as a month or more. To begin arranging your trip to the relics of Saint James, get in touch with the Camino professionals.

Make 2022 YOUR Camino Year!

Please get in touch with us. The original version of this article was published on December 27th, 2019.

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The feast of Saint James the Apostle is celebrated on Saturday, July 25. James was the name of two of Jesus’ twelve apostles who were really born into the family. James the Greater and James the Lesser are the names given to them by the Church to differentiate them from one another. James the Lesser is given this title because he appears less frequently in the Scriptures. Even in the case of James the Greater, there is significant debate about whether or not our conception of him is a composite of more than one individual named James or not.

  1. They were collectively referred to as the Sons of Zebedee, after the man who was their father.
  2. ) When a community rejected Jesus, the inhabitants wished to bring down fire and brimstone onto the inhabitants.
  3. When Jesus came into his kingdom, she would be considered Jesus’ aunt, and his first cousins would be James and John.
  4. It would also explain why James is referred to be the Lord’s brother in the New Testament.
  5. At some point, he decided to leave Jerusalem and travel to Spain, where he would preach and educate.
  6. Tradition has it that his remains were repatriated to Spain and are now housed in the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela in the Galician province of Galicia.

St. James the Greater – Victoria and Albert Museum

The stained glass panel depicting St. James the Greater was created in 1618. The Guthrie bequest is represented by museum number C.235-1934. St James the Greater is one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and he is also known as the Greatest Apostle. He is referred to as ‘the Greater’ in order to distinguish himself from another Apostle, ‘James the Less.’ When Herod Agrippa ordered his execution, he became the first Apostle to be killed. This occurred in the year AD 44. The saints of the Christian church are frequently distinguished by a device known as their attribute, which serves to distinguish them from one another.

  • He is commonly shown as a pilgrim, and he is frequently seen wearing a cap with a cockleshell affixed to it, among other things.
  • There has grown a tale in northern Spain that he had journeyed to the coast of Galicia in order to convert the local populace.
  • During the approach to the coast, a frightened horse tossed its rider to the ground, and the man perished as a result of his injuries.
  • When St James’ body was discovered in the early 9th century, the bishop of the area said that God had revealed the location of the body to him.
  • By the 11th century, Santiago de Compostela had established itself as a significant pilgrimage site, and it continues to draw thousands of visitors each year.

Saints were frequently seen as divine guardians, and the acquisition of relics of a revered saint was supposed to be a guarantee of supernatural protection.

The legend of the Apostle Saint James – Life & Burial – ULTREYA TOURS BLOG

The names Sanctus Iacobus, Yago, Iago, Tiago, Thiago (Portuguese) and Santiago, Xacobo, Xacobe (Galician) are all variations of Jacob, James (English), Jacques (French), Jaime (Catalan), Giacobo, Giacomo (Italian), Xaume, Jacome, Jaume, Jacobo, Diego, Yohanan Shliha (Aramaic), (Yohanan Shliha). (in Hebrew) Yohanan Ben Zavdai, (in Latin) Ioannes. Despite the fact that they all sound different and have various spellings, each of these names has the same meaning and origin, regardless of how they are pronounced or spelled.

Santiago de Compostela in Galicia, Santiago de Guayaquil in Ecuador, Santiago de Cuba, Santiago de Chile, Santiago in the Philippines, Santiago del Estero in Argentina, Santiago de los Caballeros in Guatemala, and Santiago de los Caballeros in the Dominican Republic are all named after the Saint who founded them.

He was born in the city of Jerusalem and died in the city of Rome.

Stained glass with the word Santiago and a scallop shell design.

Saint James Origins

According to Christian tradition, Jesus was born in Galilee about the year 5 BC. His parents appear to have been well-to-do individuals. Seth’s father, Zebedee, was a fisherman on the Sea of Galilee, who most likely lived in or around Bethsaida, maybe in Capharnaum, and had a crew of boatmen or hired men working for him. Salome, his mother, was one of the religious women who later followed Christ and “ministered unto him of their wealth,” according to the Bible. According to Christian belief, John the Apostle was the only Apostle who did not die a martyr’s death, and he is the author of numerous books of the New Testament.

  • The Church Fathers believe that his brother is the same person as John the Evangelist, John of Patmos, and the Beloved Disciple, according to the Gospel of John.
  • Jesus, James, and John are seen in this painting.
  • Gregory Ems had a chance encounter with Zebedee on the beach.
  • One of the three chosen witnesses to the Transfiguration (metamorphosis), the resurrection to life of the daughter of Jairus, and Jesus’ anguish in Gethsemane, James was one of the three chosen witnesses.

His Journey to Evangelise Hispania

According to the Acts of the Apostles, following Christ’s death, the Apostles scattered to different locations in order to spread the Good News to the people of God. James and seven of his disciples traveled to the Spanish peninsula, and especially to the NorthWestern territory known at the time as Gallaecia, in order to promote the new Christian message of love, hope, and fraternity to the people of the world. With his tremendous love to Jesus, as well as his deep, unwavering faith and strong temperament, he began to sow the roots of this new religion, which would eventually weather many years of routs and storms.

Rembrandt’s painting of Saint James the Elder as a Pilgrim It is important to note, however, that accounts of James’ travel to Spain date back to the sixth and ninth centuries AD, respectively.

Even the legitimacy of the relics at Compostela has been debated over the course of a century, but was finally established by Pope Leo XIII in his bull Omnipotens Deus, issued on November 1, 1884.

The legend of the Virgin del Pilar in Zaragoza

According to an ancient account discovered in a book from the thirteenth century, on the 2nd of January AD 40, James was in Caesaraugusta, which is today’s Zaragoza, and was feeling dejected as a result of his lack of success in Aragon. On a marble pillar, the Virgin Mary came to him in the form of flesh and bone, and he was filled with the renewed bravery and fervor he needed to convert people once again. She gave him the command to construct the world’s first Christian church on that same pillar, on the banks of the Ebro River in Spain.

This miracle is commemorated today by the name Pilar, which is one of the most popular female given names in Spain, particularly in Aragon, in honor of Our Lady of the Pilar Basilica in Zaragoza.

His Martyrdom

Shortly after this incident, Jesus made the decision to return to Jerusalem in order to encounter the live Virgin Mary once more, delegating the burden of continuing his mission to his seven followers. Upon his return home to Judea, he continued his mission to teach Jesus’ message until one day in the year 44, he was captured during a sermon and tortured before being executed by sword at the behest of Herod Agripa I, the King of Judea. He was the world’s first Christian martyr, and he is the only one who is mentioned in the New Testament.

James the Greater

The journey back to Galicia to find the perfect burial site

The legend has it that his followers, Atanasio and Teodomiro, together with five other disciples, were able to recover his body and transported it from Jaffa to Iria Flavia on the Galician coast on board a stone vessel. There is a legend that the trip was fraught with difficulties, but was accompanied by angelic music and angels who filled the sky. Sculpture on the Plaza de Fefiáns in Cambados commemorating the arrival of St. James’s body in a stone vessel, created by a local carver. They are claimed to have arrived in Galicia by the Ra de Arousa, traveled up the River Ulla, and anchored their boat on a stone column (known as a “pedron”) at Iria Flavia, which name was eventually changed to that of the present-day town of Padron, about 20 kilometers south of Santiago de Compostela.

The Queen Lupa

When Iria Flavia was born, she was a ward of the Queen Lupa, who resided in the Castro Lupario (the area between the councils of Brión and Teo). As a result, the disciples went to Mary and asked for her assistance in locating the most suitable location for the burial of the Apostle’s mortal bones. The transfer of James’ corpse to Queen Lupa’s Castle. Unfortunately for them, the queen accused them of being arrogant and sent them to the court of King Duyos, a Christian opponent who imprisoned the two gentlemen until allowing them to be released via divine intervention.

However, a peculiar incident occurred in the waters of the River Tambre, which caused her to cease the chase and change her antagonistic attitude shortly after it occurred.

In exchange for her conversion to Christianity, she ordered the demolishment of all Celtic sites, and she provided the disciples with an animal and an ox-cart to transport James’ body.

How the last resting place of Saint James was chosen

The two students continued their trip until they reached the summit of Ilicinio (Picosacro), where they stumbled across some old stone tablets that had formerly belonged to a druid altar, which they chose to take with them on their quest. According to another tradition, when they have passed through, a dragon is converted into the mountain of Picosacro. However, they were unsure about where the most appropriate location to inter James’ precious bones would be. At the end, they decided to let the oxen graze free and bury him in the spot where the oxen came to a complete stop.

This fountain still stands in Santiago’s Rua do Franco, and although it can no longer be reached, its waters are supposed to have healing properties for eye ailments.

Saint James the Greater is claimed to be buried in the wood of Libredon, behind a big oak tree that has been marked with old altar stones of the druids, a few meters farther down the path.

The ages passed, chaotic and scarred by invasions and a seemingly never-ending succession of deadly conflicts all over Europe, and the world.

It was not until the year 813 that the hermit Pelayo had a vision that resulted in the finding of the hallowed burial place and the establishment of the Camino de Santiago.

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