How Did Saint Barbara Die

Saint Barbara

Home PhilosophyReligion Personages associated with religion ScholarsSaintsPopes St. Barbara (died c.200ce; feast day December 4) is a fabled virgin martyr of the early church who is commemorated on December 4. Invoked during thunderstorms and as the patron saint of artillerymen and miners, she is one of the 14 Auxiliary Saints (Holy Helpers) venerated by the Catholic Church. In 1969, Barbara was removed from the General Roman Calendar because to serious doubts about her historical legitimacy and the likelihood that her tale is based on fact.

However, this legend dates only as far back as the 7th century.

After carrying out the execution personally, Dioscorus was hit by lightning and burnt to ashes as he returned home to his family.

The overall length is 127cm.

The Cloisters Collection, The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, was established in 1955.

Although the original Greek tales of her martyrdom have been lost, Syriac, Latin, and other versions of her story have survived.

Melissa Petruzzello was the author of the most recent revision and update to this article.

St. Barbara – Saints & Angels

Saint Barbara, also known as the Great Martyr Barbara, was an early Christian Greek martyr who was born in Heliopolis, Phoenicia, about the middle of the third century. Barbara was the daughter of a wealthy pagan called Dioscorus, and she was raised by him. Following the loss of Barbara’s mother, Dioscorus dedicated the rest of his life to his one and only child. Barbara was well-known for being exceptionally attractive. As a means of “protecting” her, Dioscorus locked her away in a tower high above the ground to keep her safe from the outside world.

  1. Barbara spent her days staring at the hills and marveling at all of God’s handiwork, which included the stars.
  2. The gods her father and professors worshipped were not of God’s creation, and she quickly discovered this.
  3. She gave herself totally to the Lord, deciding to live a life of devoted virginity as a result.
  4. She turned them all down and cautioned her father that his insistence on continuing may permanently harm their relationship.

Barbara took advantage of this opportunity to network with other Christians. They educated her on the Lord Jesus, the Holy Trinity, and the Church, among other things. Barbara was baptized into Christ and His Church by an Alexandrian priest who pretended to be a trader on the street.

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  • Help Now When her mother was out traveling the world, Barbara’s father had a private bathhouse constructed for her.
  • Barbara’s bathhouse was transformed into a site of great healing power, and many miracles took happened there.
  • Simeon Metaphrastes likened it to a river flowing through Jordan.
  • Angry, her father snatched his sword and charged at her, striking her in the face.
  • Her father tried to catch up with her, but he came to an abrupt halt when a hill barred his path.
  • It took him hours and hours and hours to find his daughter, but he was unsuccessful.

Barbara was misled by the second, who rejected the first’s allegations.

Her father, Dioscorus, abused his daughter, imprisoned her, and starved her to death.

They continued to beat and abuse her as a group, but Barbara refused to abandon her Christian beliefs.

This just fueled Martianus’ efforts to persuade her to forsake the Lord and her Christian beliefs even further.

With rakes and hooks, Barbara and another devout Christian woman called Juliana were beaten and then paraded through the streets of the city in their underwear.

When they got close to her, Barbara bolted out the door.

Her martyrdom took place on the 4th of December.

The relics of St.

Six hundred years later, they were brought to Kiev by the daughter of the Byzantine Emperor Alexius Comnenos, who had arranged for their transportation.

Vladimir church.

Barbara, she was removed from the General Roman Calendar, although she was not removed from the Catholic Church’s listing of saints.


She is the patroness of armourers, artillerymen, architects, mathematicians, miners, and the Italian Navy, among other professions and institutions.

Barbara is honored because it is thought that her intercession is particularly useful in the treatment of ailments.

Barbara is frequently invoked as a protection against lightning and fire, and she is typically associated with explosions. Her feast day is commemorated on the 4th of December each year.

Who was Saint Barbara? — St. Barbara Orthodox Church

The Martyrdom of the Most Holy Great Martyr Maximian was the emperor throughout Barbara’s lifetime, and she suffered greatly during his reign (305-311). He was a wealthy and well-known businessman in the Syrian city of Heliopolis, and she inherited his wealth and prominence. Following the loss of his wife, he devoted his time and energy to his one and only daughter. When Dioscorus noticed Barbara’s remarkable beauty, he made the decision to keep her hidden from the prying eyes of outsiders. As a result, he constructed a tower for Barbara, from which only her pagan tutors were permitted to view her.

  • Daytime views included forested hills, rapidly flowing rivers, and meadows carpeted with an array of colorful flowers; at night, the harmonious and magnificent vault of the skies twinkled, illuminating a display of indescribable beauty for her eyes to take in.
  • She gradually came to the conclusion that the lifeless idols were nothing more than the labor of human hands.
  • Barbara’s longing to know the true God filled her spirit to such an extent that she made the decision to devote her entire life to this pursuit and to live her remaining years as a virgin.
  • But, despite her father’s entreaties, she turned down each and every one of them.
  • Dioscorus came to the conclusion that his daughter’s temperament had been impacted by her life of solitude in the mountains.
  • In this way, Barbara came into contact with young Christian maidens in the city, who taught her about the Creator of the universe, about the Trinity, and about the Divine Logos, among other things.
  • He baptized Barbara after teaching her in the secrets of the Christian faith and then went to his home country.

His directions were followed, and the workers began preparing to install two windows on the south side of the building.

One of the walls of the bathhouse was marked with a cross, which Barbara drew with her index finger.

Her footsteps were later found imprinted on the stone stairs of the bathhouse, which was later discovered.


When Dioscorus returned and expressed dissatisfaction with the change in his building plans, his daughter shared with him how she had come to know the Triune God, about the saving power of the Son of God, and about the futility of worshipping idols.

Angry, Dioscorus snatched a sword from her grasp and was on the verge of slashing her with it.

His path was barred by a hill, which opened up and hid the saint in a crack beneath the surface of the earth.

When St Barbara was able to conceal herself in a cave on the opposite side of the hill, she was victorious.

His guide led him to the cave where the saint had holed up for the night.

Eventually, he turned her over to the prefect of the city, Martianus, for safekeeping.

Barbara: they hit her with rawhide and massaged her wounds with a hair towel, all in an attempt to deepen her suffering.

Barbara continued her passionate prayers to her Heavenly Husband, when the Savior Himself arrived and healed her wounds.

Juliana, a pious Christian woman from Heliopolis who lived in the throng where the martyr was tortured, was among those there.

Juliana wished to suffer for the sake of Christ as well.

Both martyrs were subjected to severe torture for an extended period of time.

Because of the prayers of St.

Then the persistent confessors of Christ, Ss.


The anger of God was swift in punishing both Martianus and Dioscorus, who were both torturers.

Constantinople was the site of the transfer of the relics of the saintly Great Martyr Barbara during the sixth century.

These relics are still on display at Kiev’s St Vladimir church, where an Akathist to the saint is held every Tuesday morning.

Barbara that those who remembered her and her sufferings would be preserved from a sudden, unexpected death and would not depart this life without benefit of the Holy Mysteries of Christ, many pious Orthodox Christians make it a daily habit to chant the troparion of St.

Barbara. The feast day of St. Barbara is celebrated on December 4. This information was obtained from the Office of Catholic Apologetics (OCA) website, which has a database of feast days and saints’ lives.

A Day to Honor Saint Barbara

The feast day of Saint Barbara is celebrated on December 4. This unknown saint is the subject of a compelling legend. According to legend, Saint Barbara was a young lady of great beauty whose father imprisoned her in a tower in order to keep her away from several eager suitors who were not to his liking. He also want to prevent her from developing a habit of continually assisting the less fortunate. Dedicated to the Greco-Roman religious tradition, Barbara’s father was a devout Catholic. As a result, he was particularly concerned about her conversing with any adherents of a new religion that he considered to be hazardous.

  1. The new religion, Christianity, was beginning to encroach on the fringes of Roman society at the time of its founding.
  2. Barbara’s father was a wealthy merchant who had a grudge towards the sleazy movement in which Barbara was involved.
  3. Barbara stayed in the tower for a long time.
  4. Barbara’s father began bringing suitors of his choosing to the house, but by that time she had completely lost interest in marriage.
  5. Barbara became unwell as a result of her intense desire to learn more about Christianity.
  6. It turned out that he was a priest, or rather, a doctor of the soul.
  7. A short time after that, the father was required to go away from the family’s house.
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Because she was their employer’s daughter, they had no choice but to comply.

Barbara was given the distinction of being the patron saint of architects as a result of her restoration project.

She was informed by her father that she had to either reject her new beliefs or die.

They also attempted to humiliate her by parading her around the streets of the city nude.

Eventually, they instructed her father to assassinate her on her behalf.

When he was finished, he snatched her long, gorgeous hair and decapitated her.

A split second later, lightning hit the father, instantly killing him.

As a result of this, Mary has earned the title of patron saint of gunners, miners, and other those who deal with explosives.

Saint Barbara is used as a substitute for Shango by practitioners of the Yoruba traditions from Africa in the Caribbean.

Those seeking success in competitive settings where a strong will is necessary may summon Shango in the shape of Saint Barbara to help them achieve their goals.

Images of Shango in Africa are represented with a thunderbolt slapping him across the back of his skull.

Originally known as Santa Barbara, the city was named after the early Spanish explorer Juan Cabrillo.

He opted to name the location after Saint Barbara, who was the patron saint of the day.

That an ocean body bears her name is appropriate given that Saint Barbara is also the patron saint of sailors and seafarers.

The image of a lady holding a tower can be found on any holy card dedicated to Saint Barbara.

There are moments when we may feel as if we are confined to a tower by our circumstances.

There are a variety of different ways in which we might emulate Saint Barbara.

In order to build effective ways to convey those ideals, an additional level of dedication is required.

Maintaining a healthy inner life is difficult because of the constant barrage of obstacles.

Despite this, if we are committed, the life of the spirit tends to remain despite the various threats that we face.

We shall die, just as Saint Barbara did, at the conclusion of this voyage, despite the fact that we have had what appears to be supernatural aid. If, like her, we have remained strong and devoted to what we believe to be true and beautiful, we may look back on our lives as successful.

St. Barbara Greek Orthodox Church

The History of our Church offers many examples of individuals who dedicated their lives to God. Their stories are different and vary greatly, yet one thread that links them all is their love for God. They endured whipping, stoning and other forms of torture because of their beliefs. Some were fed to lions while others were beheaded. Yet even when faced with enormous pressure to deny Christ they stood firm and fearless even unto death. One such individual named Barbara lived in the city of Heliopolis at the beginning of the third century.

  1. Barbara was exceedingly beautiful and her father always kept a close watch over her.
  2. He spared no expense providing her with every material luxury – the best food; clothing; servants; and teachers.
  3. Dioscorus’ intentions were simple – he wanted to surround his daughter with the greatest comforts and attendants focused on teaching her how to worship the pagan gods.
  4. Barbara was a bright and intelligent girl who was obedient to her father’s wishes and remained in the tower, without complaint, even during his frequent business trips.
  5. He drew up plans and left strict instructions for the builders to follow.
  6. While Dioscorus was able to control her environment he was unable to prevent Barbara from exercising her acute intelligence.
  7. It was around this time that Barbara came down from her tower to inspect the new structure.

Remembering Dioscorus’ stern instructions the workers were afraid to deviate from the plans.

The workers, aware of the love that Dioscorus had for his only daughter, agreed and placed a third window in the bathhouse.

She then returned to her tower and spent her days praying and fasting.

He entered the bathhouse to inspect it further and noticed the large cross carved in the marble wall.

He immediately went to the workers and demanded to know who gave them permission to make these changes to the bathhouse.

Dioscorus immediately sought out his daughter and demanded to know why she had deviated from his strict instructions and if the inclusion of this third window had an additional meaning.

Barbara then proceeded to confess her faith in the Holy Trinity.

His plan of keeping his daughter in darkness had failed.

Secretly she was able to meet with some Christians who told her about Christ and His teachings.

Blinded by his fury, Dioscorus delivered Barbara to Marcian, the Roman prefect, to torture her until she denied Christ.

To make her pain and suffering even more intense the soldiers rubbed vinegar into her wounds.

She was then thrown into a dark dungeon and ordered to return the following day.

And as she prayed her heart was filled with heavenly joy and her wounds were completely and miraculously healed.

Upon witnessing the miraculous healing of Barbara Juliana praised God and promised to endure whatever terrible tortures she would face because of her faith.

He was amazed to see that her wounds had healed and demanded that she deny her faith in Christ.

The soldiers then burned her wounds with hot irons and beat her head with spiked clubs.

Juliana witnessed Barbara’s tortures and wept bitterly over her inability to assist her.

The horrible beatings resumed and continued for several hours while the young ladies stood praying and chanting hymns.

When Dioscorus, who was watching his daughter’s torture, heard Marcian pronounce the sentence he offered to execute Barbara himself with his own sword.

As the two men hurried down the mountainside a great bolt of lightning came from heaven and struck Dioscorus killing him.

When the cowardly Marcian heard of these events he became so paralyzed by fear that he died of fright.

Through her intercessions, O Lord, Have Mercy on Us.

She thwarted the enemy’s power, and through the might and strength of the Cross, she was made free in her flight to God.

With undoubting faith and love we entreat you, O Barbara.

You received the divine grace of cures and healings from Christ.

And change my soul’s grief and sorrow into joy and happiness, glorious Barbara.

Saint of God, intercede for us. Uou, O Martyr St. Barbara, famously finished the race on the track of martyrdom. Therefore direct us on the straight and narrow path of God’s divine commandments, away from shortcuts to perdition, by your providential grace.

Saint Barbara

Fast, concise facts and information about Saint BarbaraThe following provides fast and concise facts and information:
  • The patron saint of the Navy, artillerymen, explosives, and lightning
  • The patron saint of the military and the arts of war. The 4th of December is Memorial Day / Feast Day. Saint Barbara died in 303, according to certain sources. Beheaded was the manner of death.
Who or what is Saint Barbara the patron saint of?Saint Barbara is the patron of Artillerymen, explosives and lightning. Meanings, definition and origins – a patron is considered to be a defender of a specific group of people or of a nation. There is a patron for virtually every cause, profession or special interest. Prayers are considered more likely to be answered by asking a patron for intercession on their behalf.The Story and History of Saint BarbaraThe story and history of Saint Barbara. Barbara lived in Nicomedia and was the beautiful daughter of Dioscorus who imprisoned her in a high tower due to her disobedience. Whilst imprisoned in the tower her studies led her to Christianity and she converted to the faith. Her father denounced her to the authorities who ordered that Dioscorus should kill her. He first tortured her and then killed her by beheading. It is said that he was then struck dead by a bolt of lightening.Death of Saint BarbaraThere are two categories of saints: martyrs and confessors. A Christian martyr is regarded as one who is put to death for his Christian faith or convictions. Confessors are people who died natural deaths. Date of Death: Saint Barbara died in 303. Cause of Death: Beheaded.Why is Saint Barbara the patron of Artillerymen, explosives and lightning?Why is Saint Barbara is the patron of Artillerymen, explosives and lightning? St. Barbara is invoked against tempest and lightning, and all explosions of firearms and gunpowder, because, according to the legend, after her father had followed her into the mountains and cut off her head for embracing Christianity, a fearful tempest with thunder and lightning arose, and God caused a fire to descend upon him, in which he was utterly consumed. She is also invoked against sudden death; those who are devoted to her believing that they will never die impenitent, or without having first received the Sacraments.How Saint Barbara is represented in Christian ArtIt is helpful to be able to recognise Saint Barbara in paintings, stained glass windows, illuminated manuscripts, architecture and other forms of Christian art. The artistic representations reflect the life or death of saints, or an aspect of life with which the person is most closely associated. St. Barbara, in Christian Art, differs from every other female saint, by carrying the Sacramental cup and wafer. The tower in which her father confined her is always associated with her in one form or another. Sometimes it is a massy building in the background; at others she is leaning upon it; not infrequently she holds a miniature representation of it in her left hand. The sword in her right hand is the symbol of her martyrdom. When the tower does not appear in her left hand, its place is occupied by a copy of the Gospels.Feast Day of Saint BarbaraThe Feast Day of Saint Barbara is December 4th. The origin of Feast Days: most saints have specially designated feast days and are associated with a specific day of the year and these are referred to as the saint’s feast day. The feast days first arose from the very early Christian custom of the annual commemoration of martyrs on the dates of their deaths at the same time celebrating their birth into heaven.

Saint Barbara – Explosia

Born in the third century in Nicomedia, which is now the Turkish city of Izmir. At the year 306 AD, he died in Nicomedia. Protection against sudden and unexpected death; patroness of miners, stonecutters, artillerymen, firefighters, bell-founders, blacksmiths, and other sectors of human activity; protection from sudden and unexpected death. In the 15th century, she was assigned to a group of Fourteen Holy Helpers, who cared for her. The curriculum at St. Barbara’s, like the curriculum at practically other Holy Helpers, is totally filled in legends.

  1. Barbara’s extraordinary beauty, as well as her knowledge and sharp mind, were recognized by everybody who encountered her.
  2. Barbara was abandoned time and time again in favor of a group of Christians who were hiding in plain sight, perpetually fearful of the Emperor’s persecutors.
  3. Barbara’s Father Dioscuros, a rabid opponent of Christians, became aware of the change in his daughter and made the decision to prohibit her from having any contact with Christians in the future.
  4. Upon returning from his brief excursion, he discovered that Barbara had instructed the bricklayers to brick in three windows into the tower instead of the two windows that he had originally intended to put in.
  5. Barbara said that it was a representation of the Holy Trinity.
  6. He walked up to her, intending to beat her, when a gap in the ground revealed itself, concealing the young lady.
  7. Using clubs and torches, the Prefect beat Barbara and hacked away her breasts.

The Prefect was furious when he realized that he had accomplished nothing via the torture and ordered Barbara’s execution.

Only a few moments after Dioscuros had set down the killing instrument was he himself hit by lightning and murdered by the lightning.

There is also a song dedicated to Barbara, known as “Song to St.

The “Barbara’s Light” is lit by the miners in order to prevent tragedy and death in the mines.

Otto’s Encyclopaedia (Otto’s Encyclopaedia): Sv.

Barbara is a Saint Virgin and a Martyr for Christ.

Her Father personally handed her over to a pagan court, who subjected her to horrible torture before pinning her to the ground and condemned her to death.

All of this occurred during the persecution of Christians by Emperor Maximinus.

In addition to being the Patron Saint of Dying Persons, she also guards against thunderstorms and fires, and as such, she is one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers.

Who was Saint Barbara? Everything You Need to Know

a few quick facts Born:273 At the age of 35, he passed away. Barbara is also known by the following names: Barbara, Great Martyr Barbara Turkey is where I was born. Nicomedia is where I was born. Saints are well-known as:Saints Turkish Women (Turkish Women) On the date of death:308 Nicomedia is the location of death. Execution was the cause of death. Lists of recommendations: Lists of recommendations: Saint Barbara was a martyr and a saint of the early Christian church. Remembered by the Eastern Orthodox Church as the Great Martyr Barbara, she is most known for being beheaded by her own father, who was a rich pagan.

  1. She was imprisoned in a tower by him because he couldn’t accept her belief in Christianity, and then he handed her over to the Roman authorities.
  2. Saint Barbara’s adoration has endured for centuries, although her historical validity has lately been called into question by experts, who point out that she is not mentioned or mentioned at all in any early Christian sources.
  3. Despite this, she continues to be revered in a number of churches today.
  4. Lists of items to consider: Lists of things to do: Life Barbara’s exact birth and death dates and locations are unclear, although she is assumed to have been born somewhere in the mid-3rd century at Heliopolis, Phoenicia, and died there about the same period.
  5. Due to the fact that her mother died while she was young, Dioscorus was extremely protective of his daughter.
  6. He did this to “protect” her since she was thought to be exceptionally attractive.
  7. Due to the fact that she learned about Christianity and Jesus through a private tutor, she secretly converted to Christianity and determined to devote her life to spreading the word and gospel of Christianity.

With time, Dioscorus, who was quite possessive of her, began to offer her with suitors for marriage as she got older.

Barbara’s father commissioned the construction of a magnificent bathhouse for her before she embarked on her voyage.

When her father returned home, she publicly confessed her newfound religion in front of him.

His daughter, on the other hand, was uninterested.

She was subjected to terrible torture before being found guilty and condemned to death.

Several sources claim that her father was the one who put her death in front of him.

According to another version of the story, she was able to make an opening in the wall of the tower where she was being held hostage by utilizing the strength of her prayers.

A shepherd, on the other hand, gave away her whereabouts.

You Might Also LikeHistorical Reliability In light of the fact that there is very little proof of Saint Barbara’s existence, both Catholic and secular historians have questioned the historical accuracy of her account.

The word “Barbara” was also used to denote a “barbarian woman” during those times.

Because of a lack of proof, Barbara’s name was eventually removed from the Roman calendar of saints, which occurred in 1969.

Legacy In the year 1448, a miracle ascribed to Saint Barbara took place.

Then she came to his aid and not only helped him escape the burning house, but she also kept him alive until he was able to obtain the final blessings from his priest.

Several military forces in the British Commonwealth began to observe Saint Barbara’s Day on December 4th, and the day has since become widely recognized.

“The Order of Saint Barbara” is a name given to an honorary military society in the United States of America. Saint Barbara is the patron saint of several countries, and many churches have been dedicated to her. Her name is also commemorated by the city of Santa Barbara.

Legend of Saint Barbara – United States Field Artillery Association

Tradition holds that the lovely daughter of Dioscorus, a nobleman of the Roman Empire, who resided in Nicomedia, Asia Minor, around the third or fourth centuries A.D., is our patron saint, and she was named after her father, Dioscorus. Because of Barbara’s exceptional beauty, her father kept her locked up in a tower, fearing that she would be wanted in marriage and taken away from him. He also did this to limit Barbara’s exposure to Christianity and foster her growth as a devoted pagan, among other reasons.

  • She gazed out her window at the surrounding countryside and marveled at the variety of living creatures she could see.
  • She got Christian education and was baptized as a result of this experience.
  • Only two windows were to be used to provide illumination for the baths.
  • When Dioscorus returned, he inquired as to the reason for Barbara’s conversion, to which she responded affirmatively.
  • She was hauled before the local prefect, who ordered her murder, when Dioscorus erupted in a frenzy.
  • After that, while he was descending the mountain, he was caught in a sudden and strong storm, was hit by lightning, and died as a result of his injuries.
  • Consequently, Barbara came to be revered as the patroness of individuals who were in risk of dying suddenly due to thunderstorms, fire, or explosion, as well as those who were in danger of dying suddenly.

Since then, she has provided excellent protection for us.

Since then, she has gained widespread recognition in both the East and the West.

The Ballad of Saint Barbara, written by G.K.

Saint Barbara, patroness of artillerymen, was honored as one of the Holy Helpers, along with the other thirteen saints.

In a fire at Gorkum, a man by the name of Henry Kock came dangerously close to death.

In most depictions of Saint Barbara, she is seen standing next to a tower with three windows and holding a palm of a martyr in her hand.

She is frequently shown standing next to a cannon or carrying a chalice and communion wafer in her hands. The Feast of Saint Barbara is celebrated on the 4th of December according to contemporary calendars.

About St. Barbara – Patron Saint Article

Wilhelm von Schadow’s painting of Saint Barbara, completed in 1844. Following the persecutions of Diocletian, which began in 303AD and continued until 313AD, there was a last and most severe round of persecutions in the Roman Empire. Many stories of martyrs who were devoted to Jesus Christ have been passed down over the centuries through the tradition of the Church. Stories about St. Barbara, a virgin and a martyr, are included in this collection. Her name does not occur in the earliest annals of Christian martyrs, and it is not until the seventh century that she is first commemorated in this way.

  1. Barbara was kept in seclusion by her father, Dioscorus, who wished to prevent her from becoming corrupted by the outer world.
  2. In order to accommodate her when he was gone on business, Dioscorus had a special bath house erected for her.
  3. When Dioscorus returned from his travels, he was furious to discover that Barbara was a practicing Christian.
  4. In his rage, Dioscorus murdered his own daughter, Iphigenia.
  5. In addition to St.
  6. Valentinus, a Christian man, was in charge of burying their remains.
  7. Following the narrative of St.

She was then designated as the patroness of artillerymen and miners, among other things.

Barbara’s adoration endured.

He had a deep devotion to St.

As a result, St.

The feast day of St.

When she is shown in art, she is typically seen standing next to a tower with three windows and holding the palm of a martyr in her hand, among other things.

Shop St. Barbara Medals and Rosaries

The Sacred Card of Saint Barbara

Saint Barbara Greek Orthodox Church

Saint Barbara was born in the year 218 A.D. in the city of Nicomedia, in northern Asia Minor (modern-day Izmit, Turkey), to a family of merchants. It is said that he was born to Dioscorus, a powerful and dictatorial Roman trader who was also a staunch follower in the Greco-Roman religion. She developed into a really attractive and appealing woman. While on a business trip, Dioscorus ordered that a tower be built for his daughter, in order to protect her and to keep her away from influences of the new religion that was slowly encroaching into Roman society.

  1. At this point, the Christian faith had only been accepted by the poor and the needy as a way of life.
  2. Barbara stayed in the tower for a long time.
  3. Barbara’s father began bringing suitors of his choosing to the house, but by that time she had completely lost interest in marriage.
  4. Barbara became unwell as a result of her intense desire to learn more about Christianity.
  5. Origen was, in fact, a priest of the Church of Rome.
  6. Her father was summoned to the hospital a short time later.
  7. Because she was the daughter of their boss, they had no choice but to comply.

She was informed by her father that she had to either reject her new beliefs or die.

They also attempted to humiliate her by parading her around the streets of the city nude.

Eventually, they instructed her father to assassinate her on her behalf.

Barbara, on the other hand, died at the hands of her own father.

Because lightning appeared to seek vengeance for Barbara’s death, she was elevated to the position of lightning and thunder protection.

Apolytikion in the Fourth Mode is a form of apologetics.

In the Fourth Mode, Kontakion can be found.

O Barbara, despite your struggles and suffering, you were not intimidated by the oppressors’ threats, and you even sang out, “I adore the Trinity, the one Godhead,” when they threatened you.

The following is from the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America: view?contentid=321

Online Chapel

Saint Approximately 218 years ago, in the year 218 A.D., Barbara was born in the city of Nicomedia in northern Asia Minor (today’s Izmit, Turkey). It is said that he was born to Dioscorus, a wealthy and dictatorial Roman trader who was also an ardent follower of the Greco-Roman religion. She developed into a woman who was extremely attractive and sought after by others. While on a business trip, Dioscorus ordered that a tower be built for his daughter, in order to protect her and to keep her away from influences of the new religion that was slowly encroaching on Roman society.

  • It was only at this point that the Christian religion had found a welcoming home among the destitute and the needy.
  • Barbara stayed in the tower for a long period of time.
  • By this time, Barbara had completely lost interest in marriage and her father began inviting men of his choice.
  • Barbara became unwell because she was so eager to learn more about Christianity.
  • Actually, he was a priest – Origen was the name of his congregation.
  • Her father was summoned away from the scene shortly after.
  • They cooperated since she was the daughter of their employer.

Dioscorus was perplexed, so he asked Barbara what it represented.

If she didn’t give up her new beliefs, she would perish, according to her father.

It was even attempted to humiliate her by parading her around the streets of the city without clothes on.

In the end, they ordered her father to murder her in front of the entire family.

Barbara, on the other hand, died at the hands of her biological father.

For this reason, she was designated as the protector against lightning and thunder after lightning appeared to exact retribution on Barbara.

Adopting the Fourth Mode of Apolytikion is a difficult task.

When in the Fourth Mode, use Kontakion to your advantage.

O Barbara, despite your struggles and suffering, you were not intimidated by the oppressors’ threats, and you even sang loudly, “I worship the Trinity, the one Godhead,” despite your circumstances. view?contentid=321 Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America (GOA)

The Legend of Saint Barbara: Patron Saint of Miners

Brad Bockey contributed to this article.

Saint Barbara is the patron saint of miners. She is among the 14 Holy Helpers of the Roman Catholic Church, the “Patron of Good Death.”

Saint Barbara is most likely a representation of the miners’ need for light, which has been translated from Christian tradition. The fact that the Feast of Saint Barbara is observed in both Catholic and non-Catholic communities suggests that it originated before the Reformation. In spite of the criticism of the adoration of saints in Protestant communities, St. Barbara has managed to maintain her status there as well.


The feast day of St. Barbara is celebrated on December 4th. The tradition of the “Barbara branch” has been maintained in numerous families throughout our country. On this day, cherry tree sprigs are cut and put in a vase filled with water near a window to catch the morning sun. These branches flower exactly at the time of Christmas, after 21 days. For more than a century in the Westerwald, the Barbara sprigs were revered as both a symbol of Christmas and a Christmas ornament, long before the term “Christmas tree” was coined.

Barbara altars and windows may be seen in practically all of the churches in mining villages across the world.


Barbara, according to Christian tradition, lived towards the end of the 3rd century AD in Nicomedia, which is now known as Izmit in Turkey, and was the daughter of a wealthy, pagan merchant named Dioscuros. Barbara was married to Dioscuros and had a son named Dioscuros. Despite her father’s objections, the attractive young lady decided to convert to Christianity and was baptized. Barbara was imprisoned in the tower by Dioscuros because he was furious that she had pledged her allegiance to the new religion, which he despised and admired at the same time.

  • Both her imprisonment and the sanctions she received from her father were ineffective in convincing her to change her mind; on the contrary, they only served to reinforce her commitment to Christianity.
  • This is how Mary came to be known as the patron saint of mine workers.
  • Her own father beheaded her, but he was immediately struck by a bolt of lightning that killed him.
  • St.
  • So on December 4th, a sombre mood prevails in front of the Copper Plate “Erbstollen” (copper plate drainage tunnels), as people express gratitude for the accident-free mining year that has passed and pray once more for continued protection.


Barbara shrines may be found in the Germanmines Schacht Konrad (on the left) and Schacht Asse II (on the right) (right). Saint Barbara was elevated to the status of patron saint of artillerymen. As a result, she has historically been regarded as the patroness of armourers, military engineers, gunsmiths, miners, and anybody else who dealt with cannons and explosives. She is invoked in the event of thunder and lightning, as well as in the event of any mishaps resulting from gunpowder blasts. Catholics who labor in environments where they are at risk of sudden and violent death have a special devotion to her.

To prevent an unexpected explosion from occurring on the ship or castle, it was common to place a statue of Saint Barbara at the magazine’s entrance.

Armed forces around the world commemorate Saint Barbara’s Day on December 4, including the United Kingdom (Royal Artillery, Royal Engineers), Australia (Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery, Royal Australian Air Force Armourers), Canada (Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technicians (EOD), Canadian Army Armourers, Royal Canadian Artillery, Canadian Military Field Engineers, Royal Canadian Navy Weapons Engineering Technicians), and New Zealand (RNZAF Armourers, Royal New Additionally, Irish Defence Forces Artillery Regiments, the Norwegian Armed Forces Artillery Battalion, the United States Army and Marine Corps Field and Air Defense Artillery, several Marine Corps Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technicians, and other artillery groups participate in the commemoration.

  • Church parades, sports days, guest evenings, cocktail parties, dinners, and other activities are organized by the units and sub-units to commemorate the occasion.
  • The West Australian Mining Club commemorates St Barbara’s Day each year and uses the occasion to honor individuals who have died while working in the mining sector during the course of the year.
  • The Norwich University Independent Battery hosts a celebration of Santa Barbara Night each year.
  • The celebrations in honor of the saint are held in artillery camps throughout the two nations, when troops and guests are treated to the traditional sweet of loukoumades, which is said to be shaped like cannonballs because it is similar to them.
  • Saint Barbara is also the patron saint of the Greek Orthodox Church in the United States.
  • In her honor, parades, liturgies, banquets, and other events are organized throughout the year.
  • Sebastián Vizcaino braved a terrible storm close offshore on the eve of her feast day in 1602 and had her Franciscan mission consecrated to her in 1603.

The Russian Orthodox Church, which includes a church near Saint Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow and a church in Yaroslavl, is dedicated in her honor.

When it comes to Afro-Brazilian faiths such as Candomblé and Umbanda, she is commonly referred to as Yansan, the orisha of wind and storms.

(which is December 4 in the old style calendar).

Macedonia commemorates Saint Barbara’s Day on December 17th with the celebration known as aрвара (Varvara).

In Australia’s mining town of Kalgoorlie, where she is worshipped as the patron saint of miners, she is honored with a parade on St.

For centuries, Mary has been honored as patron saint of the Irish Artillery Corps.

Due to the fact that Saint Barbara is the patron saint of miners in the Czech Republic, a statue of her is put near the future tunnel entrance portal during the groundbreaking ceremony of most significant tunneling projects, including those in the country.

The festival has a few similarities to the American holiday of Halloween.

It is said that a cave shrine dedicated to Saint Barbara (Kuys Varvara) may be found on the slopes of Mount Ara in Armenia, and that lighted candles and flower garlands are used as offerings.


Medallion of the Order of Saint Barbara The Order of Saint Barbara is maintained as an honorary military organization of the United States Army Field Artillery and the United States Army Air Defense Artillery by the United States Army Field Artillery Association and the United States Army Air Defense Artillery Association, respectively. Eligibility for membership is open to members of both the United States Army and the United States Marine Corps as well as their respective military and civilian supporters.

Long-term exceptional service in the Field Artillery or Air Defense Artillery earns the recipient the Honorable Order of St.

Applicants for appointment to the Honorable Order must be authorized by either the seniormost lieutenant-colonel or the first colonel in the chain of command.

It is only by long-term, great service to the field artillery that those nominated for this distinction have proven themselves to be superior to even their own colleagues in the Honorable Order of Saint Barbara.

She is also the patron saint of the Royal Artillery of the British Army, and her feast day is observed every December.


Saint Barbara’s Day, also known as Eid il-Burbara, is observed yearly on December 4 by Arab Christians in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Palestine, and Israel, and is a feast day comparable to that of North American Halloween in these countries. Burbara is the traditional delicacy served on this occasion, which is a bowl of cooked barley flavored with pomegranate seeds, raisins, anise, and sugar. Walnuts or almonds can be used as garnishes. Most Christians in Lebanon believe that Saint Barbara disguised herself as a variety of identities to avoid capture by the Romans who were persecuting her during the time of the Crusades.

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