- 1 6 Surprising Facts About St. Valentine
- 2 St. Valentine beheaded
- 3 Saint Valentine
- 4 Who was Saint Valentine and why was he executed? love letters explained
- 5 Sign upto our History and Heritage newsletter
- 6 St. Valentine – Saints & Angels
- 7 Who was Saint Valentine?
- 8 Who was Saint Valentine? A history of the figure’s origins
- 9 Who was Saint Valentine? And why was he beheaded?
- 10 10 Facts About Saint Valentine
- 11 1. He was a 3rd century Roman clergyman
- 12 2. He had the power of healing
- 13 3. “From Your Valentine” originates from a letter of his
- 14 4. His skull is on display in Rome
- 15 5. His blood was gifted by Pope Gregory XVI
- 16 6. He is the patron saint of epilepsy
- 17 7. He may have been two different people
- 18 8. There are actually many St. Valentines
- 19 9. His association with love began in the Middle Ages
- 20 10. Valentine’s Day may have been an invention by Chaucer
6 Surprising Facts About St. Valentine
1. There is a possibility that the St. Valentine who originated the celebration was two separate individuals. St. Valentine, who is officially acknowledged by the Roman Catholic Church, is believed to have been a genuine person who died about the year 270. Although his actual identity was questioned as early as A.D. 496 by Pope Gelasius I, who described the victim and his actions as “known only to God,” it was not until A.D. 496 that the martyr’s true identity was established. As described in a historical story from the 1400s, Valentine was a temple priest who was murdered near Rome by emperor Claudius II for assisting Christian couples in their marriage.
Because of the parallels between these testimonies, it is believed that they may be referring to the same individual.
Valentine that it would no longer be appropriate to venerate him during liturgical services.
- The saint who is commemorated on Valentine’s Day is officially recognized as St.
- Because the name “Valentinus” (derived from the Latin word meaning worthy, strong, or powerful) was a popular appellation between the second and ninth centuries A.D., countless martyrs have been known to bear this name throughout history.
- Among the most recent saints to be elevated to the level of sainthood is St.
- In 1988, Pope John Paul II declared Berrio-Ochoa to be a saint.
- MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: Was St.
- Saints are expected to keep themselves occupied in the afterlife, and this is certainly the case.
Naturally, people seek his assistance in keeping an eye on their loved ones’ life.
Moreover, as you might guess, he is the patron saint of engaged couples as well as of happy marriages.
The Valentine’s skull may be found in the city of Rome.
Valentine, which has been decorated with flowers, is on display at the Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Rome.
According to tradition, these fragments and portions of the late saint’s corpse were then sent to reliquaries all across the world, where they remain today.
Valentine’s skeleton can be seen on exhibit in the Czech Republic, Ireland, Scotland, England, and France, among other places.
Chaucer, a medieval English poet, was known for taking liberties with history, setting his lyrical figures in fabricated historical circumstances that he presented as true in his works of fiction.
In his poem “Parliament of Foules,” he draws a connection between a history of courtly love and the celebration of St.
When it comes to finding a spouse, birds (and people) gather on February 14th, according to the poet’s description.
Because there are so many Saint Valentines on the Roman Catholic calendar, you can choose to commemorate the saint on several occasions throughout the year.
Valentine of Viterbo on November 3, which is a day other than February 14.
Valentine of Raetia on January 7 to get a head start on the usual Valentine festivities.
Valentine (Valentina), who was killed in Palestine on July 25, 308 A.D.
as a virgin. As an elder of the church on July 6th, the Eastern Orthodox Church also commemorates St. Valentine as a martyr on July 30th, with the first commemoration taking place on July 6th as a martyr. MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: Valentine’s Day has a long and colorful history.
St. Valentine beheaded
February 14, during the year 270 A.D., Valentine, a holy priest in Rome during the reign of Emperor Claudius II, was put to death by the Roman authorities. The Roman Empire was embroiled in a number of controversial and violent campaigns under the reign of Claudius the Cruel. In order to maintain a robust army, the emperor needed men to join his military leagues, but he was having difficulty recruiting soldiers to his military leagues. The reason, according to Claudius, was that Roman males were averse to joining the army due of their deep loyalty to their spouses and families.
- Valentine, seeing that the edict was unjust, resisted Claudius and proceeded to perform weddings for young couples in secret, despite the opposition of the Roman government.
- Valentine was apprehended and hauled before the Prefect of Rome, who sentenced him to death by clubbing and beheading after being beaten to death with clubs.
- MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: Was St.
- Saint Valentine is also said to have written a parting message for the jailer’s daughter, who had become his friend while imprisoned, and signed it “From Your Valentine.” Valentine was canonized after his death in recognition of his outstanding service.
- Valentine are still a mystery to this day.
- The origins of the martyr’s name’s association with romance are disputed among historians.
- A box with the names of young ladies was placed in the room, and the names were taken from it as the men deemed fit by chance.
Valentine’s Day from that point forward.
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‘St. Valentine’ is the name of one or two legendary Christian martyrs whose lives appear to have been based on historical events (died 3rd century Rome; feast day February 14). Despite the fact that the Roman Catholic Church still recognizes St. Valentine as a saint of the church, he was removed from the General Roman Calendar in 1969 due to a lack of reliable information about him. He is the patron saint of lovers, epileptics, and beekeepers, among many other things. Saint Valentine is said to have been a Roman physician who died as a martyr during the persecution of Christians by EmperorClaudius II Gothicus around the year 270, according to some accounts.
- Other accounts refer to him as thebishopofTerni, Italy, who was martyred, apparently also inRome, and whose relics were later transferred to Terni, according to the accounts.
- A letter written to his jailer’s daughter, whom he had befriended and healed of her blindness, was signed “from your Valentine” by St.
- In another version of the story, he defied the emperor’s orders and secretly married couples in order to save the husbands from fighting in the war.
- greeting cardValentine’s Day greeting card from the United States, circa 1910.
Who was Saint Valentine and why was he executed? love letters explained
Around 145 million cards are sent each year from lovers and spouses, with 25 million of them being sent in the United Kingdom.
However, the history behind this date is really extremely gruesome, since it involves Saint Valentine in the year 269 AD. Written letters to the daughter of his captor’s daughter, inscribed “from your valentine,” were sent by Saint Valentine (Picture: Shutterstock) Here’s what we know about Saint Valentine, as well as why we commemorate his life on February 14th each year. Who was Saint Valentine, and what was his significance? Valentine was a priest or bishop in Rome around the third century after Christ, and he was known as the “Saint Valentine.” He is said to have been imprisoned by Roman emperor Claudius II as a result of his deception and refusal to comply with the emperor’s instructions to cease conducting Christian weddings.
- The Roman emperor Claudius had legislated against Christian doctrine because he did not want people to worship anybody else except himself.
- His friendship with Claudius became stronger, but when he attempted to convert the emperor to Christianity, he was sentenced to death.
- Claudius’ daughter is not believed to have had an intimate relationship with Saint Valentine, according to tradition.
- Pope Gelasius designated February 14th as Saint Valentine’s Day in 496 AD to commemorate the Christian martyr who died on this day.
- Saint Valentine was venerated as a patron saint of love and passion during the upper middle ages (1000-1250 AD).
- This features an artwork from a French 14th-century book depicting Valentine supervising the construction of his church in Terni, Italy.
- He is still revered as a saint by the Catholic Church, and his feast day is celebrated on the anniversary of his death, on February 14, which is his death anniversary.
- Lover’s Day is celebrated on February 14th, and Valentine is the patron saint of epilepsy and beekeepers.
- As a result of the legend that he signed his farewell letter with the words “from your Valentine,” the custom of sending and receiving anonymous Valentine cards, letters, and poetry from lovers began.
- “For this was despatched on Seynt Valentyne’s day / When every foul cometh ther to pick his mate,” he said.
- Valentine’s Day will be celebrated by roughly 75% of individuals in the United Kingdom, with millenials spending the most – approximately £32 per person.
A quarter of couples who are not living together will break lockdown to visit their spouse this year, according to Finder.co.uk, while others will arrange Zoom evenings and look forward to being together later in the year.
St. Valentine – Saints & Angels
Saint Valentine, also known as Saint Valentine of Rome, is a third-century Roman saint who is widely commemorated on February 14 and is connected with “courtly love.” Saint Valentine is also recognized as the patron saint of lovers. Although little is known about St. Valentine’s life, and whether or not the stories about him are about two different saints with the same name has not been definitively determined, it is widely accepted that he was martyred and then buried on the Via Flaminia, north of Rome, near the site of the current Vatican City State.
- Valentine, the Roman Catholic Church decided to remove him from the General Roman Calendar in 1969.
- The traditions that have been attributed to the enigmatic saint are just as contradictory as the real identity of the guy himself.
- Valentine is that, as the previous Bishop of Terni, Narnia, and Amelia, he spent a period of his life under the supervision of Judge Asterius, who placed him under house imprisonment.
- Valentine and his religious beliefs were instantly put to the test by the court.
- Valentine was entrusted with the blind daughter of the judge, and he was instructed to restore her sight.
- Valentine was able to restore the child’s vision by placing his palms over her eyes.
- Asterius and his family, as well as the entire 44-member household, were baptized after destroying all of the idols in and around their home, fasting for three days, and repenting.
He was dispatched to Rome on the orders of Emperor Claudius Gothicus (Claudius II).
Valentine, the Nuremberg Chronicle.
Valentine was imprisoned for marrying Christian couples and assisting Christians who were being persecuted by the Roman emperor Claudius.
The saint and the emperor began to develop a personal friendship, and Valentine even sought to persuade Claudius to convert to Christianity.
On February 14, 269, St.
Other accounts of St.
Other portrayals of St.
Another version of the history of St.
On the day of his execution, he left a message for the girl, which said, “Your Valentine,” in the margins.
It is possible that the romantic element of Valentine’s Day originated during the Middle Ages, when it was thought that birds matched couples around the middle of the month of February.
Despite the fact that no one can agree on the precise origin of the event, it is widely regarded as a day of love, devotion, and passion among people.
Valentine, proving that he existed.
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In the Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Rome, there is a skull of St.
The Valentine relics were discovered in the catacombs of Saint Hippolytus on the Via Tiburtina in 1836 and were later determined to be those of Saint Valentine.
The gift from Pope Gregory XVI to Fr.
Valentine and was given to him by the Pope.
In addition to the Church of St Peter and Paul at Vysehrad in Prague, alleged relics were discovered in the parish church of St Mary’s Assumption in Chelmno, Poland, at the reliquary of Roquemaure in France, at the Stephansdom in Vienna, at Balzan, Malta, and at Blessed John Duns Scotus’ church in the Gorbals district of Glasgow, Scotland.
Valentine as their patron saint. He is also the patron saint of epilepsy and fainting as well as good marriages, love, lovers, the plague, travelers and young people. A image of him with birds and roses may be found in many places, and his feast day is commemorated on February 14.
Who was Saint Valentine?
Saint Valentine was a Christian martyr who lived in the third century. His feast day is celebrated on February 14th, and he is officially recognized by the Roman Catholic Church. We do, however, know very little about his personal history. Pope Gelasius defined Valentine’s life and actions as “being known only to God” in 496, when he was still alive. Valentine’s true identity remains a mystery. According to some versions, Valentine was a physician and temple priest who served as a pastor to Christians.
- Is it possible that these overlapping accounts are referring to the same individual?
- Valentine was most likely imprisoned in Rome for assisting persecuted Christians and condemned to death by Emperor Claudius as a result of his actions.
- The Feast of Saint Valentine (also known as Valentine’s Day) has been celebrated on February 14th since 496.
- Cambridge University Library, licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 License.
- There’s a flower-crowned skull in Rome’s Basilica of Santa Maria, a vessel containing the blood of Saint Valentine in Dublin’s Whitefriar Street Church, and an assortment of other relics in the Czech Republic; Poland; Malta; France; and Scotland.
- In the past, epilepsy was referred to as the “falling illness,” and Valentine’s patronage of epileptics may have sprung from the connection between his name and the German term for “fall” (epilepsy is known asfallende SuchtorFallsuchtin German).
- Wellcome Collection, Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 As a bishop, Saint Valentine, holding a amonstrance, performs a healing blessing gesture over a sick man who is laying on his back in this fragment of a picture from a book.
- The Rijksmuseum is in the public domain.
- The poem Parlement of Foules, written by Chaucer in 1375, connects the feast day of St.
Read more about Valentine’s Day on the Europeana Collections blog
The Europeana Foundation’s Douglas McCarthy wrote this piece.
Who was Saint Valentine? A history of the figure’s origins
Valentine’s Day is celebrated over the world, and almost everyone in the English-speaking world is aware of it. Chocolates, flowers, and jewelry are all more popular on February 14 than on any other day of the year, with only Christmas greeting cards being purchased in greater quantities. Among Catholics, Valentine is still revered as the patron saint of engaged couples, happy marriages, love and lovers, among other things. However, having a patron saint of love and lovers is not precisely in keeping with Christian philosophy, which has long emphasized the benefits of self-denial as a source of happiness.
As a result, a saint who endorses the sharing of chocolates and kisses between lovers appears to be of questionable theological standing.
- Watching historical films with leading ladies in love is a great way to spend Valentine’s Day.
Who was Saint Valentine?
Depending on which source you consult (Wikipedia, Catholic Encyclopedia, or more popular digital publications such asBuzzfeed and History.com), you will learn that Valentine lived in the third century, served as either a priest or a bishop in Rome, and was imprisoned by the Roman emperor for being a Christian during a time when Christianity was still considered illegal. The performance of marriage ceremonies for Christian lovers, according to Catholic news sites; however, others report that Valentine transported communications between incarcerated Christians and, before being killed, left a note to a young woman marked “your Valentine.” Upon more investigation and examination of the ancient texts, another Valentine is discovered.
- Christians and others liked the term because it conveys the idea of being powerful or deserving of respect.
- One of them was a general sent to Africa.
- We don’t have any further information on him.
- In the second place, there was Bishop Valentinus of Terni, which is about 70 miles northeast of Rome, and in the third place, there was a Roman priest.
- The bishop of Terni, according to his hagiographer who lived in the fifth or sixth century, was invited to Rome somewhere in the 260s to treat the sick son of Craton, a rhetor who ran a school and hosted visiting Greek intellectuals.
- However, when Bishop Valentine came, he immediately attempted to persuade Craton to become a Christian.
- His question was, “How can water, which cleanses dirt from the body, wash away sins?” he said.
If Valentine was able to heal the kid, Craton’s entire family would become Christians.
Chaeremon seemed to be in good health the next morning.
When the Roman senate learned of Valentine’s activities, they swiftly imprisoned him, beaten him, and then beheaded him as punishment.
Unfortunately, Roman troops apprehended and executed them, as well as their companions.
He was the third of the Valentini.
According to legend, anything the priest Valentinus did to anger the authorities resulted in him being brought before Claudius, where he used the chance to preach.
Without a second’s hesitation, Valentine began preaching as soon as he walked through the door, expounding on Christ’s role as the light of the world.
Valentine placed his hands over the girl’s eyes and prayed that she would be able to see the truth.
Valentine began baptizing everyone in his immediate vicinity, resulting in the conversion of 44 members of Asterius’ household to Christianity.
Claudius, on the other hand, quickly discovered the truth and imprisoned them all. Valentine was beheaded, along with numerous other people who became known as martyrs as a result of their actions.
None of the three Valentine’s biographies were written before the fifth century, which means they were written at least 200 years after any of the saints were said to have lived. In the pre-medieval period, there is no written or physical evidence that any of these Valentines were associated with love or romantic partners. The term ‘amor,’ which is Latin for ‘love,’ does not exist anywhere in the writings. Even while advocating their God, the two most well-known Valentines avoided using the words “affection” and instead used the words “faith” and “illumination.” Instead, they became well-known in succeeding ages for healing individuals who, like Chaeremon, suffered from “falling illness,” sometimes known as epilepsy, as a result of their work.
- Religious pilgrims visited the graves of martyrs, praying for the saints’ assistance in illness and for their intercession with God.
- Thousands of people gathered to pay their respects to the Roman Valentine, who was allegedly interred in a vault at the place of his execution, on the Via Flaminia just outside the city walls of Rome.
- They began referring to the city gate as Valentine’s Gate after Valentine’s Day (today it is known as the Porta del Populo.) Excavations at the site in the nineteenth century uncovered tombs dating back to the fourth and fifth centuries, as well as pieces etched with Valentine’s name.
- Throughout the European Middle Ages, Valentine was neither more or less popular than other old Roman martyrs, and this was true throughout the world.
- Medieval authors occasionally confused their Valentines, attributing the marvels of one to the wonders of another.
There was no Valentine’s biography written until the fifth century, which means it was written at least 200 years after any of the saints were said to have lived. None of these Valentines are associated with love or lovers according to any written or physical evidence from the pre-medieval period. No mention is made of the term “amor,” which is Latin for “love.” Even when advocating their God, the two most well-known Valentines avoided using the words “affection” and instead used the words “faith” and “enlightenment” instead.
Pilgrims were drawn to the graves of both Valentines by traditions of healing, not love, and they came to seek relief from their ailments.
Many people traveled to see Bishop Valentine of Terni, who was resting peacefully in his tomb outside the city of his birth in Umbria.
Roman Valentine’s followers may have constructed a church over his burial as early as the fourth century, however it is more likely that the chapel was named for the considerably wealthier Valentine who provided the funds for its construction.
The shrine of Valentine suffered a decline after several centuries, either as a result of pilgrims seeking other saints or because of the order of Pope Nicholas IV (who died in 1292) to have Valentine’s body relocated to Santa Prassede, which was a flourishing parish center where many other saints’ remains were housed.
Thousands of church lectors around Europe do a reading of the life of one or both Valentines on the 14th of February every year. It was fairly uncommon for medieval writers to mix up their Valentines, attributing the marvels of one to the miracles of the other.
Chaucer’s patron of love
Modern literary academics attribute Valentine’s transformation into the patron saint of love to one man: Geoffrey Chaucer, author of The Canterbury Tales and other poetry works, according to modern literary experts. During the negotiations for Richard II’s marriage to Anne of Bohemia in 1380, Chaucer’s Parlement of Foules, an allegorical tale thought to have been written during the negotiations for Richard II’s marriage to Anne of Bohemia, mentioned “seynt Volantynys day/ When euery bryd comyth there to chese his make,” according to scholars.
- It is possible that Chaucer read the hagiographies of Valentine in their local English translations.
- Chaucer, on the other hand, was the one who invented the love link.
- Chaucer’s literary associates were among the first to do so in print, according to the New York Times.
- Christine de Pizan, writing in her novelDit de la Rose, detailed how French knights founded a mythical Order of the Rose on Saint Valentine’s Day, a tradition that continues to this day.
Featured image courtesy of Time Life Pictures, Mansell, The LIFE Picture Collection, and Getty Images Leigh Schmidt, a religious studies expert, has stated that Valentine, who died on 14 February, continues to be significant to churchgoers and individuals who suffer from epilepsy as a martyr (‘The Fashioning of a Modern Holiday,’ Winterthur Portfolio28:4).
William Shakespeare and Valentine’s cards
Aristocratic circles and folk custom both contributed to the rise of Valentine as a patron of love and lovers in the centuries following the Christian era. Poets such as William Shakespeare and John Donne carried on Chaucer’s practice of using Valentine and Valentine’s Day as symbols of love, as did other writers such as Shakespeare and Donne. Others exchanged presents as they were writing poetry in celebration of the festival.
Across the country, men and women gathered on Valentine’s Day to celebrate and participate in activities such as drawing lots for Valentine’s Day sweethearts and divination, which included conjuring up the identity of one’s future spouse.
By the nineteenth century, English consumers were ready and anxious for Valentine’s cards that already had poetry printed on them, and that were preferably embellished with love birds, hearts, and Cupid (rather than the image of a headless Roman bishop). “It is both natural and proper,” wrote the London Journal of 1858, that at the start of spring, “the predominating sentiment in the human mind should be the sentiment of love; and it is to this end that the anniversary of our saint is directed.” Valentine’s Day is celebrated on February 14th every year.
the manufacture of mercenaries for hire,” the journal favoured home-made greeting cards.
- Read more:9 unexpectedly gloomy Valentine’s Day cards from the past that are lewd, frightening, and offensive
Read more:9 unexpectedly gloomy Valentine’s Day cards from the past that are lewd, disturbing, and offensive.
Stripped of saintly status
Unfortunately, Valentine’s rewritten legend is said to have resulted in his loss of saintly rank in the current Catholic church as a result. Valentine was removed off the Catholic Church’s global calendar of saints in 1969 due to a lack of historical evidence supporting his tale. The veneration of the patron saint of epilepsy is still permissible for Catholics if they so want, although it is not a requirement within the Catholic Church’s liturgical calendar. Fans of Saint Valentine are free to spend their time picking cards and presents for their loved ones, just as the rest of the world is, however some believers have found a method to honor their patron saint while still participating in the celebration of love.
- “Dear Valentine,” says the narrator.
- “Saint Valentine, might I perhaps see Annabelle again?” another person begs (Irish Times, 8 February 2014).
- None of us knows exactly what happened in late antiquity, or who Valentine (or Valentines) was (or were), or why Christians began to worship him in the first place.
- According to the MailOnline (13 February 2017), a Brazilian forensic scientist utilized photographs of a skull piece held at Santa Maria in Cosmedin to rebuild the face of Saint Valentine.
Lisa Bitel is Dean’s Professor of Religion at the University of Southern California, as well as a professor of religion and history at the same institution (USC). She specializes on the social, cultural, and theological history of medieval Europe, as well as the history of the Middle Ages.
Who was Saint Valentine? And why was he beheaded?
Valentine’s Day was established in honor of St. Valentine, who has come to be renowned as the patron saint of romantic relationships. There is very little information available about him because he was a fairly mercurial person. Who was St. Valentine, and how did he come to be the patron saint of loves in the midst of the month of February? A cherubic Cupid and an elderly pious gentleman with a pleasant grin may easily occupy the position, according to one’s imagination. Of course, the truth is a little more convoluted.
- There were three of them.
- Saint Valentine of Rome and Saint Valentine of Terni were both Italian saints, but the third, Saint Valentine of North Africa, lived in a Roman province in North Africa.
- That would be the story of Saint Valentine of Rome, who was killed on February 14th, despite the fact that he had been blessed with good fortune in love.
- Nonetheless, it’s possible that the legends of numerous Valentines were blended into one since the Latin name ‘Valentius’ (which translates as “worthy,’ “strong, and powerful”) was a prominent appellation at the period.
- The Catholic Church itself has certain reservations regarding what really occurred during Saint Valentine’s life.
Valentine as a martyr like those whose names are justly revered among men, but whose deeds are known only to God, as follows: “those whose names are justly reverenced among men, but whose acts are known only to God.” When Pope Gelasius I designated February 14th as the day to commemorate the life of Saint Valentine, he was well aware of how little was known about the saint.
- Bart Zeitblom is the original artist (photo courtesy of Hulton Archive/Getty Images).
- Valentine of Rome was reputedly a temple priest who was beheaded near Rome by the anti-Christian Emperor Claudius II, who was also known as the “Antichrist.” What was the crime?
- Among the martyrs was St.
- While the possibility exists that St.
- Valentine of Rome were the same person, this has not been proven.
- It is said that the Roman Emperor used such drastic measures against Valentine because the saint attempted to persuade him to convert to Christianity in one historical version.
- In response, the emperor ordered that the victim be assaulted with clubs and stones, and he was later killed.
Valentine is said to be interred at a cemetery in the northern part of the city of Rome, together with one or two other saints.
Valentine’s Day is celebrated on February 14th.
When Pope Gelasius I consecrated February 14th to the saint and martyr Valentine, he did so in order to replace the ancient Roman feastLupercalia, which was a pagan celebration that was popular at the time, with the Christian feast.
The ancient fertility festival was distinguished by a slew of ceremonies, including foot races between nude men who were clothed in the skins of slaughtered goats.
The performance of another fertility ritual required a child to pair couples at random who would then have to live together and be intimate for the entire following year in order to fulfill the fertility rite.
Valentine being designated as the patron saint of lovers.
As Benedictine monks spread the celebration of St.
It is generally agreed that the poet Geoffrey Chaucer, in particular, is responsible for popularizing the concept of courtly romance through his writings, some of which are dedicated to St.
Writing ‘valentines’ to your significant other can be traced back to the same time period, with the earliest known example dating back to the 15th century.
“I am already sick of love,My very gentle Valentine,” Charles wrote in a letter to his wife, which was translated as “I am already sick of love,My very gentle Valentine.” Similarly, Shakespeare played a role in popularizing the association between Valentine’s Day and love, writing about St.
Exchanging “valentines” or love notes (often heart-shaped) on Valentine’s Day further spread throughout Anglo-Saxon countries in the 19th century.
This process of commercialization of the holiday continued, especially in the United States, during the 20th century, adding additional traditions like more elaborate love notes, with added gifts like chocolates, flowers and jewelry.
So while the original St. Valentine was likely tortured and beheaded on February 14th, his sacrifice for the Christian faith has become the Valentine’s Day we have today.—
10 Facts About Saint Valentine
Valentine, a Roman priest who lived in the year 270, was stoned to death and then decapitated on February 14, 270. Saint Valentine’s Day was established on February 14th, 496, by Pope Gelasius in commemoration of his sacrifice. For hundreds of years, St. Valentine has been connected with romance, love, and devotion among men and women. Despite this, nothing is known about his existence – it is not even clear whether he was a single individual or a pair of individuals. Here are some interesting facts about the man who created Valentine’s Day.
1. He was a 3rd century Roman clergyman
According to most traditions, St. Valentine was a cleric — either a priest or a bishop – in the Roman Empire around the third century. He was killed somewhere about the year 270, during a widespread persecution of Christians. According to the 1493 edition of the ‘Nuremberg Chronicle,’ he was flogged with clubs and eventually executed for assisting Christians in Italy. According to ‘The Golden Legend’ of 1260, St. Valentine refused to reject Christ before the emperorClaudius II Gothicus(214-270), and as a result, he was beheaded outside the Flaminian Gate.
2. He had the power of healing
According to one common narrative, St. Valentine was a previous bishop of Terni, which is located in central Italy. The two men discussed their various religious beliefs while each were placed under house arrest by Judge Asterius. St. Valentine was visited by Asterius, who brought his adopted blind daughter to him and requested him to assist her in seeing again. Valentine, who was praying to God, placed his hands on the kid’s eyes, and the youngster was able to see again. The judge was immediately humiliated and converted to Christianity, becoming baptized, and releasing all of his Christian captives, including Valentine, in the process.
Tristan Hughes delves into the history of the revolt in 60/61 AD, which was headed by Boudica, the enigmatic warrior queen who has remained a mystery.
3. “From Your Valentine” originates from a letter of his
Years after his release, Valentine was caught for evangelism once more and imprisoned before being handed over to Claudius II. Apparently, the emperor took a fancy to him, at least until Valentine attempted to persuade him to convert to Christianity. Valentine refused and was sentenced to death by Claudius, who demanded that he either forsake his religion or face the consequences of his actions. A message to Asterius’ daughter was written on the day of his execution, and it was addressed to the kid whom he had healed of blindness and befriended.
4. His skull is on display in Rome
Rome’s Santa Maria in Cosmedin Church, where a relic of St. Valentine can be seen (Photo courtesy of Dnalor 01 and Creative Commons). According to the official history of the Diocese of Terni, Valentine’s body was quickly buried in a cemetery close to where he was killed before his disciples were able to recover his body and bring him back to his hometown of Terni. The discovery of skeleton bones and other relics related with St. Valentine came about as a result of the excavation of a catacomb near Rome in the early nineteenth century.
Its head, which has been embellished with flowers, may be seen on display in the Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosemedin in Rome, and other pieces of his bones can be seen in the United Kingdom (Scotland), France, Ireland, and the Czech Republic.
5. His blood was gifted by Pope Gregory XVI
In 1836, the Carmelite priest John Spratt received a gift from Pope Gregory XVI (1765-1846) that contained a “small jar stained” with the blood of St. Valentine. The gift was from Pope Gregory XVI (1765-1846). Thereafter, the gift was transported to the Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church in Dublin, where it is still on display today. The church continues to be a popular destination for pilgrims, especially on St. Valentine’s Day, when individuals seeking love go to the chapel in droves.
6. He is the patron saint of epilepsy
St. Valentine’s sacramental responsibilities do not end with interceding for loving couples and marriages. As well as beekeepers and travelers, he is also the patron saint of epilepsy, the plague, fainting, and the occult.
7. He may have been two different people
Pope Gelasius I questioned St. Valentine’s identification as early as 496, referring to him and his actions as “known only to God.” He also referred to him and his actions as “known only to God.” The ‘Catholic Encyclopaedia’ and other hagiographical texts refer to three distinct Saint Valentines who occur in association with the 14th of February in different places. Valentine is described as a temple priest who was murdered in Rome for assisting Christian couples in their marriage according to one 15th century source.
While the two legends are similar, there was enough dispute about his identity that the Catholic Church decided to suspend liturgical worship of him in 1969.
8. There are actually many St. Valentines
In Late Antiquity, the name “Valentinus” – derived from the Latin wordvalens, which means “strong, honorable, and powerful” – became popular. The Roman Catholic Church commemorates around 11 more saints who have the name Valentine, or a variant thereof, in addition to St. Valentine. The most recent Valentine to be beautified was St. Valentine Berrio-Ochoa of Ellorio, Spain, who served as bishop in Vietnam until he was executed in 1861. He was the most recent Valentine to be beautified. There was also a Pope Valentine, who reigned for two months in 827 and was the first pope to do so.
Valentine of Rome, in order to distinguish him from the other St.
The Lupercalian Festival in Rome, created by the Adam Eisheimer Circle (photo courtesy of Christie’s).
9. His association with love began in the Middle Ages
Since the Middle Ages, St. Valentine’s Day has been connected with the tradition of courtly love and courtly courtship. According to popular belief, birds began mating in the middle of February. Every year during this time period, 14 February is commemorated as a day that brought lovers together, with the most lyrical reference being “the birds and the bees.” According to historians Alban Butler and Francis Douce from the 18th century, Valentine’s Day was most likely invented to supplant the pagan festival Lupercalia, which was celebrated on February 14th.
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10. Valentine’s Day may have been an invention by Chaucer
Prior to Chaucer’s ‘Parlement of Foules’, which was published in 1375, there is no concrete proof of the amorous celebrations that took place on 14 February. Using his poem, Chaucer linked the celebration of St. Valentine’s Day, when birds – and humans – gathered together to find a mate, to a tradition of courtly love that had existed for hundreds of years. The following is what he wrote:For this was sent on the day of Seynt Valentyne / When every vile cometh ther to pick his mate By the 1400s, nobility who had been influenced by Chaucer were penning poetry known as “valentines” to express their feelings for their love interests.