Who Was Saint Louis

Louis IX

During his reign as King of France from 1226 to 1270, Louis IX, commonly known as Saint Louis, (born April 25, 1214, Poissy, France—died August 25, 1270, nearTunis; canonized August 11, 1297, feast day August 25), was the most popular of the Capetian rulers. He was the leader of the Seventh Crusade to the Holy Land in 1248–50, and he died while on a subsequent Crusade to Tunisia.

Early life

Louis was the fourth child of King Louis VIII and his wife, Blanche of Castile, but because the first three died at a young age, Louis, who would go on to have seven more brothers and sisters, was named heir to the kingdom by his father, the King of France. His parents, particularly his mother, showed him a great deal of love and attention as he grew up. Britannica History Quiz: Is it true or false? As you take this quiz, you’ll get more interested in history. You’ll learn the actual story behind the invention of moveable type, who Winston Churchill referred to as “Mum,” and how and when the first sonic boom was heard.

He received instruction in biblical history, geography, and ancient literature from tutors.

  • Louis was an abominable adolescent who was periodically overcome by episodes of rage, which he attempted to control.
  • The Albigensianheretics, who were in insurrection against both the church and the state in the south of France, had not been brought under control by the authorities.
  • Louis VIII was able to put a stop to both the exterior and internal tensions in his court.
  • Louis IX, who had not yet reached the age of thirteen, ascended to the throne under the regency of his illustrious mother.

Accession to the throne

The first order of business for the queen mother was to transport Louis to Reims to be anointed. Many of the most powerful nobles chose not to attend the wedding, but Blanche was not one to be deterred by hardship, and she was not one to be defeated by it. Meanwhile, she was waging a ferocious campaign against the rebellious barons, notably Hugh of Lusignan and Peter of Dreux (Pierre Mauclerc), duke of Brittany, while her son was still at school. The baronial alliance crumbled in the absence of backing from King Henry III of England, and Blanche was granted a temporary reprieve by the Treaty of Vendôme.

  • Louis’ men were dispatched to Languedoc, where they were successful in convincing Raymond VII, count of Toulouse, to accept defeat.
  • It was a rousing triumph for a politician making his political debut.
  • However, the problem of the Plantagenet estates in France continued to exist.
  • Louis IX, despite the fact that he was only 15 years old, personally led the army.
  • He even avoided a combat by withdrawing from the field after an afutileride towards Bordeaux.
  • When Blanche abdicated her throne in 1234, the kingdom had been at peace for a short period of time.
  • He was a magnificent knight, and his generosity and pleasant demeanor earned him much acclaim.

The great hall of the Palais de la Cité, which he later endowed with a magnificent chapel, or in his Vincennes manor, where he assembled his subjects at the foot of an oak, a scene often recalled by his biographer, Jean de Joinville, the seneschal of Champagne, were among the places where he personally administered justice.

  1. In 1228, he constructed the renown abbey of Royaumont, which still stands today.
  2. Blanche had chosen Margaret Berenger IV, the daughter of Raymond Berenger IV, the count of Provence, to be Louis’s wife, and Margaret had agreed.
  3. Louis and Margaret were the parents of eleven children.
  4. Henry III descended on the Continent, this time at Royan, with a massive force, this time defeating the rebel Hugh of Lusignan, who had married the widowed mother of Henry III.

The vast majority of aristocrats in the west of France sided with him in this endeavor. The English were defeated at the bridge of Taillebourg in 1242, in a battle that was nearly entirely without bloodshed, and Henry was forced to return to London.

Leadership of the SeventhCrusade

Following his victory over the English at Pontoise-lés-Noyon, Louis IX became critically ill with a kind of malaria that he contracted in the process. His decision to take up the cross and journey to the Holy Land came about in December 1244, despite the lack of excitement among his lords and the rest of his company. The situation in the Holy Land was extremely precarious. On August 23, 1244, the Muslim troops won control of Jerusalem, while the soldiers of the sultan of Egypt grabbed control of the Syrian capital of Damascus.

  1. In Europe, there had never been a better time for a Crusade than it was now.
  2. While France was at peace, the barons consented to follow their ruler on the Seventh Crusade, which took place in Spain.
  3. After surrendering the regency to his mother, Louis IX ultimately set sail from Aigues-Mortes on August 25, 1248, according to historical records.
  4. His fleet consisted of around 100 ships carrying a total of 35,000 troops.
  5. The beginning had a lot of promise.
  6. When the king arrived on shore, he was one among the first to plant an oriflamme, marking the beginning of Muslim dominion in St.
  7. Damietta’s town and harbor were well guarded, but on June 6, Louis IX was able to break through the defenses and invade the city.

It was required to take control of the fortress of Al-Manrah in order to go farther.

The outcome of the battle remained uncertain for a long time, and the king’s brother Robert of Artois was killed as a result.

The army, on the other hand, was tired.

The monarch was forced to issue orders for the excruciating withdrawal into Damietta, which lasted many days.

It was on April 7, 1250, when the Egyptians finally caught the retreating army after harassing it for many days.

They would have wanted to go home, but the monarch determined that they should stay in France instead of returning.

After a military setback, he would turn the situation around by diplomatic means, forge beneficial alliances, and strengthen the Christian cities of Syria. It was only after learning of his mother’s death that he returned to his country.

10 Things To Know About Saint Louis, Himself, On His 800th Birthday

After winning the Battle of Pontoise-lés-Noyon over the English, Louis IX became critically ill with a kind of malaria. When he reached this decision, in December 1244, the lack of excitement among his nobles and entourage did not deter him from embarking on his mission to liberate the Holy Land. When it came to the Holy Land, the situation was dire. It was on August 23, 1244, that the Muslim forces won control of Jerusalem, and it was on August 23, 1244, that the Egyptian army took control of Damascene.

  • Never before had the conditions in Europe been more favorable for a Crusade than they were at that time.
  • While France was at peace, the barons consented to follow their ruler on the Seventh Crusade, which began in 1192.
  • Louis IX ultimately set sail from Aigues-Mortes on August 25, 1248, after surrendering the regency to his mother.
  • About 100 ships carrying 35,000 troops composed his navy.
  • Initially, everything seemed promising.
  • St.
  • Louis IX was able to invade Damietta on June 6, despite the fact that the town and port were heavily defended.

It was required to take control of the fortress of Al-Manrah in order to advance.

A lengthy time passed before the outcome of the conflict was determined; nevertheless, the king’s brother Robert of Artois was killed.

The army, on the other hand, was worn out.

When it came time for the excruciating retreat into Damietta, the king was forced to give instructions.

It was not until April 7, 1250 that the Egyptians were able to catch the retreating army.

They would have wanted to go home, but the monarch decided that they should stay in France instead of going home.

During the next four years, he would turn a military setback into a diplomatic triumph, forge favorable alliances, and fortify the Christian cities of Syria. It was only when he learned of his mother’s death that he returned to his kingdom.

Saint Louis of France

The Life and Times of Saint Louis of France By taking an oath during his coronation as King of France, Louis IX pledged himself to act in the role as God’s anointed, as a father to his people, and as feudal lord under the King of Peace. Of course, other monarchs have done the same thing in the past. Louis was unique in that he truly understood his kingly responsibilities in the light of his religious beliefs. Following the brutality of the previous two reigns, he restored peace and justice to the country.

  1. His army stormed the Egyptian city of Damietta, but they were encircled and defeated not long after because they were weakened by illness and without help.
  2. He stayed in Syria for a total of four years.
  3. His instructions for royal officials were the first of a succession of reform measures that were passed after his death.
  4. Even though Louis was always respectful of the church, he stood up for royal interests in the face of the popes and refused to recognize Innocent IV’s judgment against Emperor Frederick II.
  5. He serves as a patron of the Secular Franciscan Order, which he founded.
  6. For many years, the country had been at peace.
  7. During Advent and Lent, any and all who came forward were given a supper, and Louis personally served them on a number of occasions.
  8. In 1270, Louis launched another crusade to North Africa, this time in response to fresh Muslim gains.
  9. Louis himself passed away in the city at the age of 56.
  10. Reflection Louis was a man of great character and conviction.
  11. What was most notable about him was his profound regard for everyone with whom he interacted, particularly the “simple folk of the Lord.” He erected cathedrals, churches, libraries, hospitals, and orphanages in order to provide for his citizens.

He dealt with royalty in a straightforward and equitable manner. He prayed that the King of Kings, to whom he had given his life, his family, and his kingdom, would treat him in the same manner. Saint Louis of France is a Patron Saint of: Barbers Grooms Order of the Secular Franciscans

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He took an oath during his coronation, promising to serve as God’s anointed, the father of his people, and the feudal lord of the King of Peace, among other things. Like no other king before him, Louis considered his royal obligations in the context of his religious beliefs and practices. His goal was to bring peace and justice to France after the brutality of the previous two kings and queens. When the city of St. Louis was built in 1764 by French fur traders Pierre Laclède and Auguste Chouteau, they picked Louis IX as the city’s moniker.

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The exact reason for choosing his name for the new community is a mystery, but given the area’s strong French Catholic heritage, it’s not unexpected.

During the Middle Ages, the French king presided over a turbulent period of history.

However, he also had to deal with some of the more delicate issues of the day, such as his participation in the Crusades and the persecution of the Jewish people.

Service to the poor

Louis IX, who was born in 1214, ruled France at the middle of the 13th century. When his father died, he was just 12 years old when he was crowned. While he was growing up, his mother, Blanche, reigned over the land until he was old enough to govern. He married Marguerite of Provence when he was 19 years old, when she was just 13 years old. They were the parents of ten children. When Louis was in power, he was committed to his people, establishing hospitals, visiting the ill and, in the tradition of his patron Saint Francis, caring for persons suffering from leprosy.

For many years, the country enjoyed relative tranquility.

During Advent and Lent, any and all who came forward were given a supper, and Louis personally served them on a number of occasions.

Mosaics of St. Louis IX at Cathedral Basilica of Saint LouisThe Cathedral Basilica of St. Louis features a series of mosaic panels that depict the principal events in the life of King Louis IX. These images show the saint helping the needy, accepting the Cross of the Crusader, administering justice at the court, meeting with his mother, founding the Sorbonne, receiving Holy Communion and returning from the Holy Land with the Crown of Thorns.For more information on the mosaics at the Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis, visitcathedralstl.org.

He reigned as King of France around the middle of the 13th century, having been born in 1214. Upon his father’s death when he was 12, he was appointed to the position of king. While he was growing up, his mother, Blanche, presided over the kingdom as monarch. He married Marguerite of Provence while he was just 19 years old – she was only 13 at the time of their marriage. Ten children were born into this family. When Louis was in power, he was committed to his people, establishing hospitals, visiting the ill and, in the tradition of his patron Saint Francis, caring for those suffering from leprosy.

The country has been at peace for many years.

Each year during Advent and Lent, everyone who came forward was offered a meal; on many occasions, the meal was served personally by Louis. Every province of his dominion had a list of persons in need, which he used to relieve them on a regular basis.

The Crusades

Louis IX of France, who was born in 1214, controlled the country at the middle of the 13th century. He was crowned when he was 12 years old, following the death of his father. His mother, Blanche, controlled the nation until he was old enough to assume the throne of his father. He married Marguerite of Provence when he was 19 years old – she was only 13 at the time. They had a total of ten children. During his reign, Louis was committed to his people, establishing hospitals, visiting the ill, and, like his patron Saint Francis, providing care for persons suffering from leprosy and other diseases.

For many years, the country had been at peace.

During Advent and Lent, everyone who came forward was offered a meal, and Louis was often present to personally serve them.

Seeking justice, finding tolerance — and a judgment

In addition, Louis IX is credited for extending the reach of justice in civil administration. He drafted regulations for his officers, which later became the first in a series of reform measures enacted by the government. A kind of witness examination was substituted for a combat trial, and the use of written records in court was promoted for the first time under his leadership. In spite of his reverence for the popes, Louis protected his country’s interests against the popes and refused to recognize Innocent IV’s death sentence against Emperor Frederick II.

  • According to Madden, the Jews endured a difficult time during the Middle Ages in general.
  • As Madden explained, “Gregory the Great urged that Catholics should tolerate Jews.” With respect to the Church, Louis was completely compliant.
  • His Jewish subjects were subjected to regulations prohibiting them from charging interest on loans, for example, but those same restrictions applied to Christians as well, according to the historian.
  • Interestingly, Madden pointed out that the Talmud had more biblical passages that Christians at the time were unaware of.

“In the end, theologians in Paris found it to be heretical, and it was burnt as a result of their findings.” According to contemporary standards, this was an act of intolerance, but from a medieval viewpoint, it was an act of faith defense.” During his reign, King Louis IX died on August 25, 1270, and was later canonized in 1297.

After being declared a saint by the Catholic Church, he became the first and only French king to receive this honor. The 750th anniversary of his death will be commemorated this year.

From a spiritual testament to his son by St. Louis

El Greco’s ‘Saint Louis’ depicts a righteous ruler ruling the land. As a first and foremost lesson, my darling son, I would like you to love the Lord your God with all of your heart and all of your power. There is no redemption if this is not done. Please keep yourself away from everything that you are aware is offensive to God, which means you must abstain from committing any type of fatal sin. I believe that you should allow yourself to be tortured by every sort of martyrdom before you allow yourself to commit a fatal sin of any kind.

  • You should express your gratitude to the Lord in a humble manner and take care that you do not suffer as a result of it, whether through arrogance or anything else, for you should not resist God or offend him in the subject of his gifts.
  • For as long as you are at church, be cautious not to let your eyes wander or to talk in vain; instead, pray to the Lord with sincere devotion, either openly or in the quiet of your heart.
  • Provide them with as much assistance and sympathy as you are able.
  • You must be just to your subjects, not wavering to the right or the left, but rather maintaining the line of justice at all times.
  • Take steps to ensure that all of your subjects live in justice and peace, particularly those who hold ecclesiastical positions or who are members of religious orders.
  • You should make every effort to rid your country of sin, notably blasphemy and heresy.
  • Wishing you protection from all evil from the three persons of the Holy Trinity and from all of the saints.
  • Amen.
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Saint Louis IX

Also referred to as Profile he is the son of King Louis VIII and Queen Blanche of Castile. He became KingofFranceandCountofArtois when he was eleven years old; his mother served as regent until he was 22 years old, after which he reigned for 44 years. The King of France implemented several judicial and legislative changes, fostered Christian faith in France, founded religious institutions, assisted mendicant orders, preached synodal decisions of the Church, constructed leper hospitals, and amassed relics.

At the age of 19, he married Marguerite of Provence and became the father of seven children. In the fight against Emperor Frederick II of Germany, Pope Innocent IV received support. Trinitariantertiary. led two crusades and one death by drowning Born

  • Natural causes claimed his life on August 25, 1270, in Tunis (modern Tunisia)
  • Relics were found in the Basilica of Saint Denis in Paris, France
  • Relics were burned in 1793 during the French Revolution

Meaning of a given name

  • Barbers, bridegrooms, builders, button makers, construction workers, Crusaders, difficult marriages, distillers, embroiderers, French monarchs, grooms, haberdashers, hairdressers, hair stylists, kings, masons, needle workers, parenthood, parents of large families, passementiers, prisoners, sculptors, sick people, soldiers, stone masons, stonecutters, tertiaries, trimming makers, tertiary education, Québec,Québec,archdioceseof
  • Saint Louis,Missouri,archdioceseof
  • Versailles,France,dioceseof
  • Blois,France
  • Carthage, Tunisia
  • La Rochelle, France
  • New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Oran, Algeria
  • Saint-Louis, Haut-Rhin,France
  • Saint Louis,Missouri, city of
  • Versailles,France
  • Congregation of the Sisters of Saint Louis
  • Congregation of


  • The king carrying a crown of thorns across his chest
  • The monarch holding acrown of thorns across his chest
  • Nails

Information Supplementary to the above

  • A Garner of Saints, by Allen Banks Hinds, M.A.
  • Among the Franciscan Tertiaries, by Nesta De Robeck
  • A Garner of Saints, by Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. Ramsgate Monks’ Book of Saints (also known as the Ramsgate Bible)
  • Georges Goyau’s Catholic Encyclopedia is a must-read. Heroes Every Child Should Be Aware Of
  • The Golden Legend
  • Life of the Saints byFatherAlban Butler
  • Life of the Saints byFatherFrances Xavier Weninger
  • Little Lives of the Great Saints byFatherAlban Butler
  • Little Lives of the Great Saints byFatherFrancis Xavier Weninger
  • Little Lives of the Great Saints byFatherAlban Butler Father Henry Sebastian Bowden’s Miniature Lives of the Saints for Every Day of the Year is a collection of miniature saints’ biographies. New Catholic Dictionary
  • Pictorial Lives of the Saints
  • Saints and Saintly Dominicans, by Blessed Hyacinthe-Marie Cormier, O.P.
  • Saints and Saintly Dominicans, by Blessed Hyacinthe-Marie Cormier, O.P. Brief Biographies of the Saints, written by Eleanor Cecilia Donnelly
  • Leonora Blanche Lang’s The Book of Saints and Heroes is a collection of stories about saints and heroes. True Historical Stories for Catholic Children, written by Josephine Portuondo
  • Books
  • And other resources
  • Archdiocese of Saint Louis
  • Best of Sicily
  • Catholic Cuisine
  • Catholic Exchange
  • Catholic Fire
  • Catholic Gentleman
  • Catholic Ireland
  • Catholic News Agency
  • Catholic World Report
  • Archdiocese of Saint Louis
  • Christian Biographies, by James E Keifer
  • Christian Iconography
  • Cradio
  • Franciscan Media
  • Key to Umbria
  • Christian Biographies, by James E Keifer
  • Key to Umbria Larry Peterson, Regina Magazine, Saints Stories for All Ages, uCatholic, and Wikipedia are some of the resources available.
  • Court of a Saint, by Winifred F Knox
  • Memoirs of the Lord of Joinville, translated by Ethel Wedgewood
  • Saint Louis, by H Wallon
  • Saint Louis, by Marius Sepet
  • Saint Louis, King of France
  • Saint Louis, the Most Christian King, by Frederick Perry
  • The Abbé Christian-Philippe Chanut
  • The Bollandists
  • The Fête des prénoms
  • And other topics.

Readings When it comes to avoiding dissension, never contradict someone unless in cases of wrongdoing or some kind of harm to a neighbor; and when it comes to contradicting others, do so tactfully rather than out of anger or frustration. SaintLouis When you are prosperous, express your gratitude to God with humility and dread, lest you take advantage of God’s blessings and thereby insult him. Saint Louis IX is the ninth Pope of the Roman Catholic Church. As a first and foremost lesson, my darling son, I would like you to love the Lord your God with all of your heart and all of your power.

  1. Please keep yourself away from everything that you are aware is offensive to God, which means you must abstain from committing any type of fatal sin.
  2. If the Lord has enabled you to go through a trial, accept it gladly and gratefully, remembering that it has occurred for your benefit and that you may have earned it after all.
  3. Be compassionate toward the poor, the unfortunate, and those who are afflicted.
  4. Thank God for all of the blessings he has placed upon you so that you may be deserving of even bigger blessings in the future.
  5. Respect and obedience are due to our mother, theChurch of Rome, and to the Supreme Pontiff, who serves as your spiritual father and guide.
  6. Wishing you protection from all evil from the three persons of the Holy Trinity and from all of the saints.
  7. Amen.
  • On the 6th of December in 2021, CatholicSaints.Info will feature Saint Louis IX. 8th of January, 2022
  • Web.

Louis IX

From 1226 until 1270, Louis IX (1214-1270), sometimes known as St. Louis, reigned as King of France. The most powerful French king in history, he established the Crown’s dominance over the great lords, shown his commitment to justice, and led the country on two crusades. The half-Spanish Louis IX was born on April 25, 1214, the eldest of the 12 children of Louis VIII and Blanche of Castile. He grew up to be a tall, attractive, blond, and cheerful prince who was half-Spanish. Louis controlled himself by fasting since he was a tense and active person by nature.

  • Louis was only 12 years old when he was crowned king; his Spanish mother, who had been in France since she was 12, served as regent until Louis was old enough to take active authority at the age of 21.
  • He fought tirelessly to ensure that peace and justice prevailed.
  • He thought that his duty were to serve the Church and to guide his people to salvation in the here and now.
  • He then established ordinances, which served as a moral code for his officials, and he was successful.
  • When coinage had a wide range in value during his time, he struck gold and silver coins that immediately gained acceptance and contributed to the establishment of a standard currency across the realm.
  • As a result, in 1264, Louis was sent to mediate a dispute between Henry III of England and his lords in France.
  • The fact that he identified his love for justice with the Crown drew the attention of his people who did not reside inside the royal domain.

His charitable work was as well-known as his sense of justice, as evidenced by the fact that he constructed abbeys, convents, hospitals, and almshouses for the needy throughout Europe.

It was thanks to Louis’s foreign policy of peace with his neighbors that he was able to go on two crusades.

Other kings were unable to participate because they were divided by internal or external issues.

His goal was to inflict such damage on Egypt that it would be forced to hand over control of Jerusalem to him.

The gallant king was among the first to leave his ship and create a beachhead in the midst of the battle.

He was deprived of supplies traveling up the Nile, and his army was decimated by death and illness.

Louis and his soldiers were seized and kept hostage for ransom along the road.

In 1254, he made his way back to France.

The initial plan of attacking Syria or Egypt was changed to Tunisia by Louis’s brother Charles of Anjou, King of Sicily, who had business interests in Tunisia and wanted to invade the country.

Charles of Anjou concluded a profitable peace with the French and returned to France with the remains of Louis, who was greatly mourned throughout Europe when he fell ill and died there in August of that year. In 1297, Pope Boniface VIII declared him to be a saint.

Further Reading on Louis IX

In The Life of St. Louis, written by Jean, Sire de Joinville, who accompanied the King on his first crusade, is the greatest and most renowned account of the life of Louis XIV (trans. 1955). St. Louis: Louis IX, the Most Christian King of France, written by Margaret Wade Labarge, is considered to be one of the greatest modern biographies in English (1968). The Cambridge Medieval History contains a brief description of Louis’s life (8 vols., 1911-1936). The Capetian Kings of France: Monarchy and Nation, 987-1328, by Robert Fawtier, provides an in-depth look at Louis IX and the other kings of the Capetian dynasty in France (trans.

The most comprehensive description of his two crusades may be found in Kenneth M.

2 (Kenneth M.


Additional Biography Sources

Jean Richard’s Saint Louis: Crusader King of France was published by Cambridge University Press in Cambridge and New York in 1992.

St. Louis IX – Saints & Angels

Louis IX, the son of Louis VIII and Blanche of Castille, was born at Poissy, France, in 1214. In the regency of his mother, he ascended to the kingdom when he was just twelve years old. On his twenty-first birthday, he became the undisputed ruler of the kingdom. He was well-known for defending the French clergy against secular politicians and for aggressively implementing anti-blasphemy legislation in the country. In international issues, Louis has traditionally maintained a neutral stance. In the end, however, he was compelled to go to war with England because of a conflict between the Count of Le Marche and the Count of Poitiers, in which Henry III supported the Count of Le Marche.

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Following the battle, he provided recompense to the innocent individuals whose property had been damaged or destroyed.

The Sixth and Seventh Crusades were headed by Louis XIV, and both were successful.

Louis died of dysentery in 1270, just as the Seventh Crusade was getting underway.


Please consider making a donation to New Advent in order to receive the complete contents of this website as an immediate download. A single purchase of $19.99 provides access to the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa Theologica, Bible, and other resources. King of France, son of Louis VIII and Blanche of Castile, was born on April 25, 1215, at Poissy, and died on August 25, 1270, in the vicinity of Tunis. He was eleven years old when the death of Louis VIII elevated him to the throne, and he was nineteen when he married Marguerite of Provence, with whom he would have eleven children.

Blanche of Castile was regent from 1226 to 1234.

Frangipani, who had been credited to Louis VIII by Honorius III as early as 1225, was instrumental in converting the sympathies of Pope Gregory IX, who had previously been inclined to listen to Henry III, to the French cause.

When Raymond VII, Count of Languedoc, presented his surrender at Notre-Dame de Paris, it was the delegate who was in charge of bringing the Albigensian War to a close and preparing the southern regions of France for unification under the terms of the Treaty ofParis to come into effect (April 1229).

  1. Louis’s minority population.
  2. She passed away in 1253.
  3. Immediately following Saint Louis’s victory against this alliance at Taillebourg in 1242, he signed the Peace of Bordeaux, which added a portion of Saintonge to the French dominion.
  4. When he was struck down by a terrible illness in 1244, he made the decision to take up his cross when he heard that the Turcomans had vanquished the Christians and the Moslems and had invaded Jerusalem.
  5. Louis, see C RUSADES.) Between the two crusades, he entered into discussions with Henry III, with the hope of averting further hostilities between France and the United Kingdom.
  6. Louis agreed with the King of England after five years of negotiations, has been the subject of much debate.
  7. Henry III, on the other side, relinquished his rights to Normandy, Anjou, Touraine, Maine, and Poitou, and vowed to pay homage to the Duchy of Guyenne in exchange for the renunciation of his claims.

Louis made far too many territory concessions to Henry III; and many historians believe that if St.

Nevertheless, St.

When Henry III and the English barons disagreed in 1263, St.

He declared himself in favor of Henry III against the barons in the Dit d’Amiens (24 January 1264) and annulled the Provisions of Oxford, which the barons had attempted to limit the authority of the king through a series of decrees.

Louis, by the Treaty of Corbeil, imposed upon the King ofAragonthe abandonment of his claims to all the fiefs in Languedoc excepting Montpellier, and the surrender of hisrightsto Provence (11 May, 1258).

By all indications, St.

The relationship between St.

All historians, however, believe that St.

While St.

An confrontation near Villaneuve ended in the death of the “Hungarian Master,” who was suspected of being in cahoots with the Muslims.

But did St.

A lot of historians have previously asserted that he did.

Louis and prohibited irregular collations of ecclesiastical benefices, prohibited simony, and interdicted the payments that the papal Court received from the French clergy.

On 1246, a large number of barons from the north and west united against the clergy, accusing them of amassing too much wealth and encroaching on their rights; how the king acted in the matter is described in detail in the book, The Reformation of the Church by Louis IX.

Louis on May 2, 1247, the Pope received a response from Marshal Ferr Shortly after, these grievances were restated and documented in a lengthy note, the wording of which has been preserved by historian Mathieu Paris in his collection of documents.

Louis signed the document, but in any case, it was merely a request for the suppression of abuses, with no pretensions to establishing principles of public right, as was claimed by the Pragmatic Sanction, and with no pretensions to establishing principles of public right, as was claimed by the Pragmatic Sanction.

  1. Louis did not listen to his clergy’s complaints about the emissaries of Urban IV and Clement IV; in fact, he even allowed Clement IV to generalize a custom in 1265 according to which the benefices whose titularies died while in Rome should be disposed of by the pope.
  2. Louis sought and obtained from successive popes, in light of the Crusade, the authority to levy extremely high taxes from the priestly classes.
  3. Louis’s ideas, that motivates his overall attitude in the fight between the empire and the pope.
  4. Louis’ stance was immediately determined and restrained, in contrast to the Emperor Frederick II and succeeding popes, who pleaded and struggled for France’s allegiance.
  5. Frederick was treated as a sovereign in his communications with Innocent IV, even after Frederick had been excommunicated and proclaimed dispossessed of his kingdoms by Innocent IV at the Council of Lyons on July 17, 1245.

It was at this meeting that the papal dispensation for the marriage of Charles Anjou, brother of Louis IX, to Beatrix, heiress of Provençe was granted, and it was also at this meeting that Louis IX and Blanche of Castile pledged their support to Innocent IV, who had taken refuge in Lyons in December, 1244, to escape the threats of the emperor.

  • Every act of antagonism from either power was regarded as a hindrance to the completion of the crusade in St.
  • Throughout the dispute over investitures, the king maintained cordial relations with both, refusing to allow the emperor to bother the pope and never inciting the pope to act against the emperor.
  • Louis theKingdom of Sicily, a fief of theApostolic See, for one of his sons in 1262, St.
  • Louis permitted the bravest knights of France to join the expedition, which ultimately destroyed the power of the The monarch, without a doubt, thought that the conquest of Sicily by Charles of Anjou would be beneficial to the crusade.
  • Louis lived an excellent life, always keeping in mind his mother’s words: “I would rather see you dead at my feet than guilty of a mortalsin,” which he remembered continuously.
  • The French monarch was a major supporter of the rule of law.
  • During his reign, the “court of the king” (curia regis) was transformed into a regular court of justice, complete with competent experts and judicial commissions that met on a regular schedule.

To portray him as a great legislator, however, would be to misrepresent the facts.

Louis” was not a code drafted by the king, but rather a collection of customs written down before 1273 by a jurist who included the customs of Orléans, Anjou, and Maine in addition to a few ordinances of St.


It was during his reign that the Sainte Chappelle, a landmark architectural work, was completed, and it was under his patronage that Robert of Sorbonne founded the “Collège de la Sorbonne,” which later became the home of the Theological Faculty of Paris.

He would explain that the impoverished are the conduits through which the tranquility and blessings of the realm come to us.

He established a number of hospitals and houses, including the House of the Felles-Dieu for reformed prostitutes (1254), the Quinze-Vingt for 300 blind men (1254), and hospitals in Pontoise, Vernon, and Compiège.

Louis is shown to have been a man of sound common sense, with indefatigable energy, who was graciously kind and full of playful humour, and who was always on the lookout for the temptation to be imperious.


The canonization of St.

Only fragmentary reports published by Delaborde (“Mémoires de la société de l’histoire de Paris et de l’Ile de France,” XXIII, 1896) and a series of extracts compiled by Guillaume de St.

Pathus, Queen Marguerite’s confessor, under the title of “Vie Monseigneur Saint Loys” survive from the inquiries into canonization that took place from 1273 to 1297; the rest is lost to history (Paris, 1899).

About this page

Citation in the APA style (1910). St. Louis the XIXth. It may be found in the Catholic Encyclopedia. The Robert Appleton Company is based in New York. citation. Georges Goyau is a French author. “St. Louis IX,” the inscription reads. The Catholic Encyclopedia, 9th edition. The Robert Appleton Company published this book in New York in 1910. Transcription. Originally published in New Advent, this piece was transcribed by Paul T. Crowley. Mrs. Margaret McHugh was laid to rest today. Approbation from the Catholic Church for Miss Jeanette Farrell of the Third Order of St.

The first day of October, 1910.

Farley, Archdiocese of New York.

Kevin Knight is the editor-in-chief of New Advent.

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