Who Was Saint Andrews

St. Andrew

Home PhilosophyReligion Personages associated with religion Scholars SaintsPopes St. Andrew, also known as Saint Andrew the Apostle, was one of Jesus’ Twelve Apostles and the brother of St. Peter. He died at Patras, Achaia, in the 60s or 70s CE, and his feast day is November 30. He is the patron saint of Scotland as well as the Russian Federation. After being summoned away from their fishing byJesus, who promised them that he would make them “fishers of men,” the Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) describe how Peter and Andrew—whose Greek name means “manly”—were called away from their fishing byJesus and told to join him.

In the Gospel of John According to the Gospel of John, Andrew is the first named apostle, and he was a follower of St.

Quiz on the Encyclopedia Britannica Quiz on the History of Christianity Who is the patron saint of Scotland, and how did he come to be?

With this short quiz, you can see how much you know about the lengthy and varied history of Christianity.

  • The Acts of Andrew, the Acts of Andrew and Matthias, and the Acts of Peter and Andrew are all apocryphal works that are centered on him.
  • An X-shaped cross is used to represent him in iconographic representation (like that depicted on the Scottish flag).
  • Andrew, one of the Twelve Apostles, who is also known as the Apostle Andrew.
  • Shawn McCullars is a writer who lives in the United States.
  • Jeromerecords that the remains of Andrew were transported from Patras (modernPátrai) to Constantinople (modernIstanbul) in 357 at the order of the Roman emperor Constantius II, who reigned at the time.
  • Peter in the Vatican City) in the 15th century.
  • An Adventdevotion known as theSt.

Andrew Novena, or the St. Andrew Christmas Novena, is observed by many Catholics from his feast day on November 30 to Christmas, during which a specific prayer is read 15 times a day until Christmas. Melissa Petruzzello was the author of the most recent revision and update to this article.

Who Was St Andrew?

For though that St Andrew has served as Scotland’s patron saint for many years, it wasn’t until the 18th century that his feast day became widely celebrated throughout the country. What may surprise you even more is that the practice of celebrating on November 30th was not really established in Scotland, but rather by a group of Scottish ex-pats living in the United States who wanted to reconnect with their Scottish heritage. In 1729, a group of affluent Scottish immigrants in Charleston, South Carolina, created the ‘St Andrew’s Society of Charleston,’ which was the beginning of it all.

  • They became well-known throughout the region as a result of their efforts supporting orphans and widows in the region.
  • In New York, the St Andrew’s Society is the oldest charitable organization of any sort that has ever been established.
  • These seeds have grown into St Andrew’s societies that have spread around the world as Scots have traveled and lived in far-flung corners of the planet.
  • Every year, on the 30th of November, people from all over Scotland get together to honour St Andrew and have a wonderful time in celebration of the Winter Festival.
  • Parties may last far into the wet and windy winter night.

Saint Andrew

The Life of Saint Andrew Andrew was Saint Peter’s brother, and he was summoned to the same throne as his brother. “As he was going down the shore of the Water of Galilee, he came across two brothers, Simon, who is now known as Peter, and his brother Andrew, who were casting a net into the sea; they were fisherman.” When they approached him, he replied, “Come after me, and I will make you fishermen.” They immediately abandoned their nets and followed him.” (See Matthew 4:18-20.) As a disciple of John the Baptist, according to John the Evangelist, Andrew is presented to us.

  • “Behold, the Lamb of God,” John exclaimed as Jesus passed by one day.
  • Then, as Jesus turned around, he noticed that they were following him and asked them, ‘What are you searching for?’ They approached him and asked, ‘Rabbi (which translates as Teacher), where are you staying?’ he replied.
  • Andrew was the one who brought attention to the lad who had the barley loaves and the fishes before the multiplication of the loaves began.
  • Andrew is said to have preached the Gospel across what is now modern Greece and Turkey before being crucified in Patras on an X-shaped cross, according to tradition.
  • He was a member of the apostles.
  • In a personal summons from Jesus, he was given the responsibility of proclaiming good news, healing with Jesus’ power, and sharing his life and death.

In addition to the call to be concerned about the Kingdom, it is a gift that includes an outgoing attitude that desires nothing more than to share the treasures of Christ with as many people as possible. Fishermen, among other things, are patronized by Saint Andrew. Greece Russia Scotland

Click here for more about Saint Andrew!

The union flag of Great Britain, often known as the Union Jack, is composed of three crossed crosses that are layered on each other. One of these crosses is the flag of Saint Andrew, who is the Patron Saint of Scotland, despite the fact that he was not born in Scotland himself. Andrew’s hometown was Copernicum, and he worked as a fisherman, just like his brother Simon Peter. Andrew was a member of Jesus’ inner circle of apostles, which included Peter, James, and John, as well as the other apostles.

  • John the Baptist before becoming a follower of Christ.
  • Although it is not known for definite where he proclaimed the Gospel or where he is buried, the city of Patras in the Greek island of Achia claims to be the location where he was martyred and crucified.
  • This connection is asserted by two different interpretations of the events.
  • This town is now known as St Andrews, and the church became a focal point for evangelization, with pilgrims traveling from all across the United Kingdom to pray at the church.
  • No matter whether mythology is closest to the truth, we are unlikely to ever discover the truth behind it.
  • In Italy and France, as well as in Anglo-Saxon England, where Hexham and Rochester were the first of 637 medieval dedications, churches were dedicated to him from the beginning of time.
  • Andrew has also been recognized throughout history for the manner in which he died in A.D.
  • Apparently he felt unworthy of being crucified on the same cross as Christ, and as a result he was executed on a saltire, or X-shaped cross (also known as the St Andrew’s cross), which became his emblem.
  • The St Andrew’s cross (on the left) and the Union Jack (on the right).

People from all over the globe now go to St Andrews, a small town in Scotland that is worldwide recognized as the traditional home of golf, to partake in a different kind of pilgrimage.

St. Andrew the Apostle – Saints & Angels

In addition to being recognized as Andrew the Apostle, St. Andrew was the older brother of St. Peter and a member of the Christian Apostles. Andrew was born in the hamlet of Bethsaida on the shores of the Sea of Galilee, according to the New Testament, sometime around the first century AD. Andrew enjoyed fishing, just like his younger brother Simon Peter, who was also a fisherman. Andrew’s given name means “strong,” and he was well-known for having excellent interpersonal skills. According to the Gospel of Matthew, Jesus was strolling down the coast of the Sea of Galilee when he came across Andrew and Simon Peter, who were fishing.

  1. It portrays Jesus utilizing a boat, which is thought to be primarily Simon’s, to preach to the crowds and catch a big number of fish on a night that had previously been completely dry.
  2. The Gospel of John, on the other hand, recounts a different tale, indicating that Andrew was a disciple of John the Baptist.
  3. Andrew is only mentioned a few times in the Gospels, but it is thought that he was one of Jesus’ closest disciples, if not the closest.
  4. When Philip wanted to talk with Jesus about Greeks who were looking for him, he first spoke with Andrew.
  5. According to Christian legend, Andrew went on to preach the Gospel along the coasts of the Black Sea and throughout what is now Greece and Turkey, among other places.
  6. As recorded in the Acts of Andrew, he was chained to a crucifixion rather being nailed to it, which was a mistake.
  7. This is now referred to as “St.

Many think Andrew asked to be crucified in this manner because he considered himself “unworthy of being executed on the same style of crucifixion as Jesus,” according to historical accounts.

Part think that St.

Many of Andrew’s remains were brought to Constantinople by decree of Roman emperor Constantius II about 357, just a few years after Regulus’ dream.

He made landfall on the Scottish coast, on the Coat of Fife.

Andrew’s relics that had ended up in Vatican City be returned to their original location in Patras.


In addition to being portrayed in much of his iconography, the saltire cross is featured on the Scottish national flag.

St. Andrew is the patron saint of fishermen, as well as singers and musicians. On top of that, he is also the patron saint of a number of nations and places throughout the world. His feast day is observed on November 30 in Scotland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine, and Patras, to name a few.

St Andrew’s Day: 11 things you might not know about Scotland’s patron saint

The people of Scotland commemorate St Andrew’s Day, which is celebrated on November 30th, in honor of their patron saint. Despite the fact that Andrew, one of Christ’s apostles, never got any closer than the southernmost reaches of Europe, he has served as a guardian of the Scots and has bestowed many of the nation’s most famous emblems upon them. So, how did a Galilean fisherman from the first century AD come to be known as Scotland’s patron saint? Here are the facts, as well as some folklore.

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Was he connected to the country of Scotland in any way?

What we know about Andrew’s life and how he came to be a patron saint of Scotland is revealed by Rab Houston, professor emeritus of history at the University of St Andrews.

Andrew was one of the apostles

There is very little information available regarding the life of St Andrew. He was a fisherman from Galilee, and his name, which means’manly’ in Greek, distinguished him as one of the original 12 apostles of Jesus Christ, along with his brother Peter, who was also a fisherman. They would become “fishers of men,” according to Christ’s words. 2

The saltire (diagonal cross) on the Scottish flag comes from Andrew’s execution

Andrew was murdered by the Romans in the Greek city of Patras somewhere around the year AD 60. According to legend, he wanted to be crucified on an X-shaped cross, often known as a saltire, since he did not believe he was worthy of being punished on the same shaped cross as Jesus. During the medieval time, this became known as the Saint Andrew’s Cross, and it became a national emblem of Scotland. From Andrew’s execution came the saltire (diagonal cross) that appears on the Scottish flag. (Photo courtesy of RF Getty Images) )

More patron saints history:

  • St George’s Day: 11 interesting facts about England’s patron saint that you might not have known
  • 16 facts about St David’s Day traditions that you (probably) didn’t know
  • A quick overview of the history of St. Patrick’s Day

There were other contenders for Scotland’s patron saint

During the Dark Ages, it appeared as though another would be the most qualified candidate for the position Andrew finally achieved. Despite the fact that saints such as Duthac and Ninian were well-known in their respective regions (the far north and deep south, respectively), it was Columba who appeared to be the most plausible candidate to become the patron saint of the newly formed nation of Alba. However, when Irish Gaels made advances into the country from the west, the political and religious center of gravity shifted east (and eventually south).


While St Andrew never came to Scotland, it is said that his remains did

According to legend, St Regulus (also known as Rule), a fourth-century monk at Patras, was instructed by an angel to conceal some of Andrew’s skeletal remains. He kidnapped them from their resting place in Constantinople, which also happened to be the patron city of Andrew, and attempted to transport them to the ends of the globe, finally ending up stranded on the shore of Fife, near the Pictish royal capital of Cennrgmonaid, which is now a museum (later renamed St Andrews).

There was already a church there, built by the Céli Dé, or Culdees (hermitical Celtic monks) who had previously lived there to hold a sarcophagus or box-shrine, which may have contained the relics.5

The town that became St Andrews became the centre of Scottish religious life

In a public relations victory, clergy and laity alike worked together to promote the community’s growth as a pilgrimage site, resulting in increased tourism. The designation of the archbishop located at St Andrews as the bishop of the Scots in the 11th century is a clear indication of the importance of both the community and its patron saint. The Augustinian canons then began construction on a huge new cathedral, which was completed about 1160. 6

St Andrew’s status as patron saint of Scotland was established by 1320

St Andrew’s cult evolved from a localized, minority religion to become the spiritual father of the entire nation of Scotland. This was officially acknowledged in 1286, when he appears on the seal of the Guardians of Scotland – the regents appointed after the death of King Alexander III – framed by his diagonal cross and surrounded by the words:Andreas dux esto Scotis compatriotis (‘Andrew be leader of the Scots, your fellow countrymen’). Andrew was the first monarch of Scotland to be crowned.

His association with the Scottish cause throughout the late 13th and early 14th-century Wars of Independence only served to solidify his position, transforming him into a great national icon.

Listen: In this episode of theHistoryExtrapodcast, Iain MacInnes replies to listener questions and popular search inquiries regarding the Anglo-Scottish military battles of the 13th and 14th centuries, which include the following topics: 7

Other countries have St Andrew as their patron saint

Andrew’s global popularity can be attributed to his obvious morality, since he is also the patron saint of Greece, Romania, and Russia, among other countries (among others). Today, there are dozens of St Andrew’s societies in various sections of the Scottish diaspora, including Australia, Canada, and the United States, as well as Abu Dhabi, Argentina, India, and Singapore, among other places. While Andrew is largely known as the patron saint of fishermen, his worship has also been employed for divination purposes in the past.

An Orthodox church in the Russian style dedicated to Saint Andrew, located in the village of Episkopio, Cyprus.

Interest in Andrew revived and evolved in the Renaissance

While pilgrimages to St Andrews declined in the later Middle Ages, King James III of Scotland may have considered establishing a chivalric order of St Andrew in the 15th century – on the model of Philip the Good, duke of Burgundy’s Order of the Golden Fleece, which was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and St Andrew in 1430 – to commemorate the patron saint of Scotland. A century later, court poet and herald Sir David Lindsay developed a new royal armorial, which included Andrew, the blue saltire, a revised lion rampant, and a thistle, among other symbols.

Renaissance Andrew was regarded as a royal saint in every sense of the word. However, over time, saints such as him became generalized models of virtue, heroic people who elicited public awe rather than personal devotion from the public. They were elevated to the status of saints. 9

Even the Reformation did not destroy St Andrew’s status

Whilst pilgrimages to St Andrews declined in the later Middle Ages, King James III of Scotland may have contemplated the formation of a St Andrews-inspired knights’ order in the 15th century – modeled after Philip the Good, duke of Burgundy’s Order of the Golden Fleece, which was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and St Andrew and established in 1430. The blue saltire, a revised lion rampant, and a thistle were all included into a new royal armorial drawn by court poet and herald Sir David Lindsay a century later.

Andrew was venerated as a royal saint throughout the Renaissance.

They were hailed as saints by the general public and clergy alike.

St Andrew’s Day took off not in Scotland, but the New World

People of Scottish heritage frequently developed a greater sense of Scottish culture than others who had come before them, maybe in order to protect their ancestral identity. As a result, the first known celebration of St Andrew’s Day on November 30th after the Reformation took place at Charleston, South Carolina, in 1729. It had been organized by a philanthropic society that bears the apostle’s name, and it carried on the original point of the feast day in the Catholic Church, which was for communities to surpass themselves in penitence and charity in order to make them worthy of the saint’s protection, which had been for communities to surpass themselves in penitence and charity in order to make them worthy of the saint’s protection.

The first reported celebration of St Andrew’s Day on the 30th of November after the Reformation took place at Charleston, South Carolina, in 1729.

Some would argue that tradition has now been lost, which is a good thing.11

St Andrews Day has relatively recently been a public holiday in Scotland

In order to protect their ancestral identity, those of Scottish heritage frequently embraced a greater sense of Scottish culture than those they had left behind. Because of this, the earliest known celebration of St Andrew’s Day in the post-Reformation era took place on November 30th, 1729, in Charleston, South Carolina. There were a number of organizations involved, including a philanthropic society that bears the apostle’s name. The event was organized by a philanthropic society that bears the apostle’s name and carried on the original purpose of the feast day in the Catholic Church, which was for communities to surpass themselves in penitence and charity so that they could be considered worthy of the saint’s protection.

Over the course of the 18th and 19th centuries, it appears that a supper involving a roasted sheep’s head was a mainstay of St Andrew’s society events, alongside music and dance. It is now, some would argue, a blessing in disguise that this custom has been forgotten.

Saint Andrew the Apostle

Also referred to as

  • 30 November
  • 9 May (relics translation)
  • 13 December (Ukraine)
  • 30 November

Profile The first of the apostles. Fisherman’s trade is a type of trade. SimonPeter’s younger brother. Following in the footsteps of John the Baptist. After the Crucifixion, Andrew spent the rest of his life evangelizing others and pointing them to Jesus. Missionary work in Asia Minor and Greece, as well as potentially in modern-day Russia and Poland. He is reported to have preached for two days from an ansaltire(x-shaped)cross, which he built himself. The feastday of Saint Andrew has been associated with certain strange beliefs relating to marriage and marriage proposals.

  • According to an old German tradition, unmarried women who aspire to marry should beg for Saint Andrew’s assistance on the eve of his feast day, then sleep nude that night in the hope of seeing their future spouses in their dreams. Yet another suggests that on Saint Andrew’s Eve, young ladies should take note of the position of the barkingdog since their future spouses will be coming from that area. When young people float cups in a tub on the day following Andrew’s feast, it is said that if a boy’s and a girl’s cup drift together and are intercepted by a cup engraved “priest,” it denotes that they are about to be married.

There are a variety of possible arguments for why Andrew was appointed as the Patron of Scotland.

  • In 345, Emperor Constantine the Great chose to have Andrew’s bones transported from Patras, Greece, to Constantinople, where they were interred. Saint Regulus of Scotland was commanded by an angel to transport several of these relics to a location in the far northwestern part of the country. He was eventually directed to halt on the Fife coast of Scotland, where he established the village of Saint Andrew. In the 7th century, SaintWilfrid of York, returning from a pilgrimage to Rome, Italy, carried some of the saint’s relics with him to England. In order to raise the reputation of the newdiocese, theScotsking, Angus MacFergus, had them established at Saint Andrew’s. When thePictishKingAngus confronted a strong invading force, he prayed for guidance. Across the blue sky above him, a white cloud in the shape of a saltire cross floated across it. A decisive victory was achieved, and Andrew was designated as the patron saint of his nation by King Angus. With the victory at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314, theDeclaration of Arbroath formally designated Saint Andrew as the patron saint of the Scottish people. Scottish independence was declared in 1385, and the Saltire became the country’s national flag.
  • The Crucifixion as an x-shaped cross at Patras, Greece
  • The relics were destroyed by Protestants in 1559.
  • Anglers, boatmen, butchers, farm workers, fish dealers, fish mongers, fishermen, happy marriages, maidens, mariners, miners, old maids, pregnant women, rope makers, sail makers, sailors, single lay women, singers, spinsters, textile workers, unmarried women, water carriers, women who wish to become mothers
  • If you have convulsions, fever, gout, neck pain, sore throats, whooping cough
  • The Karaorevi dynasty, the Knights of the Golden Fleece, Saint Andrew’s Order, the Order of the Thistle, the Spanish armed forces, the University of Patras, the Worshipful Company of Glaziers and Painters of Glass, and the Worshipful Company of Playing Card Makers
  • And the Karaorevi dynasty • • • • • • • • • • •
  • Italian resort town of Amalfi-Cava de ‘Tirreni
  • Turkish capital of Istanbul
  • Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • Little Rock, Arkansas
  • And Victoria, British Columbia
  • Bithynia, Asia Minor
  • Lower Austria, province of
  • In the Kingdom of Belgium
  • Balen, Brabant, Bruges, Flanders, Hainault, and Saint-André are among the provinces represented.
  • Berchtesgaden, Braunschweig, Celle, Cloppenburg, Halberstadt, Hanover, Holstein, Lampertheim, Lippe, Lüneburg, Minden, Moers, Prussia, Schleswig, Schwarzburg, Wolfenbüttel, and Wolfenbüttel
  • The cities of Alfero, Amalfi, Andrano, Antey-Saint-Andre, Brescia, Cartosio, Conflenti, Grognardo, Marciano della Chiana, Mantua, Orani, Pesaro, Premolo, Ravenna, Samolaco, Sant’Andrea in Percussina, Sicily, and Spedino are all located in the province of Naples.
  • Luqa, Malta
  • Hattem, the Netherlands
  • Manila, the Philippines
  • Saint Andrews, Scotland
  • Encinasola, Huelva, Spain
  • San Andreas, California
  • Luqa, Malta
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  • Preacher clutching a fish
  • Man chained to a cross
  • Man preaching from a cross
  • Old guy with long white hair and beard, carrying the Gospel in his right hand and leaning against a transverse cross
  • Preacher holding a fishing net
  • A saltire(x-shaped)cross
  • Some versions suggest it was originally that way, others say it was a Latin cross that had fallen over and his attackers just propped it up on one of the cross-arms.

Information Supplementary to the above

  • A Garner of Saints, by Allen Banks Hinds, M.A.
  • Book of Saints, by the Monks of Ramsgate
  • A Garner of Saints, by Allen Banks Hinds, M.A.
  • A Garner of Saints, by Allen Banks Hinds, M.A. Saints of Scotland are listed on a calendar. Encyclopedia of the Catholic Church
  • Instructions for Goffine’s Devoutness
  • Jacobus de Voragine’s Golden Legend is a work of fiction. FatherAlban Butler’s Lives of the Saints
  • FatherFrancis Xavier Weninger’s Lives of the Saints
  • FatherAlban Butler’s Lives of the Saints
  • FatherFrancis Xavier Weninger’s Lives of the Saints Father Médaille’s Meditations on the Gospels for Every Day of the Year
  • Father Médaille’s Meditations on the Gospels for Every Day of the Year
  • A new Catholic dictionary is being published. Thomas L Tullock’s poem about the Patron Saint of Scotland
  • Lives of the Saints shown in pictures
  • Pope Benedict XVI will hold a General Audience on March 26. The Martyrology of the Romans, 1914 edition
  • The Christian Church’s Saints and Festivals are listed below. Saints and Saintly Dominicans, by Blessed Hyacinthe-Marie Cormier, O.P.
  • Saints and Their Symbols, by E A Greene
  • Saints and Their Symbols, by E A Greene Among the works included are Saints in Art, by Margaret Tabor
  • Saints of the Canon, by Monsignor John T. McMahon
  • Saints of the Day, by Katherine Rabenstein
  • And Saints of the Day, by Monsignor John T. McMahon. Brief Biographies of the Saints, written by Eleanor Cecilia Donnelly
  • The Life of Saint Andrew
  • Father Prosper Guerengar’s The Liturgical Year
  • And other works
  • Our Sunday Visitor’s Encyclopedia of Saints
  • Sacred and Legendary Art, by Anna Jameson
  • Our Sunday Visitor’s Encyclopedia of Saints
  • Peter Williams’ Britannia Biographies is a collection of biographies of British monarchs. Andrew Cupcakes, Catholic Fire, Catholic Ireland, Catholic News Agency, Catholic Online, Christian Iconography, and more are examples of Catholic cuisine. Prayers on a daily basis
  • Locate a Grave
  • Franciscan Media
  • Independent Catholic News
  • Franciscan Publications
  • Olga’s Gallery is located in the heart of the city. Patron Saints and Their Feast Days, compiled by the AustralianCatholic Truth Society
  • Religious Information Service of Ukraine
  • Patron Saints and Their Feast Days, compiled by the Religious Information Service of Ukraine
  • Patron Saints and Their Feast Days, compiled by Picayune, Mississippi
  • Saint Charles Borromeo Church
  • Picayune, Mississippi
  • All About Saints
  • Saints in Rome
  • Saints Resource
  • Saints Stories for All Ages
  • Saints for Sinners
  • Saints Stories for All Ages Candy for the soul
  • “The Independent” is the name of a newspaper published in the United Kingdom. The Mirror reports that the Google Doodle honors St. Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland. The Scotsman, The Telegraph, and other publications During this week’s discussion: Who was the patron saint of Scotland? The Strange Tale of Scotland’s Patron Saint is the topic of the week. ThoughtCo, uCatholic, Vultus Christi, and Wikipedia are all excellent resources.
  • Wikimedia Commons has images of Father Lawrence Lew, the Medieval Listserv, Santi e Beati, and other saints and beati.
  • Directions for Floral Decoration of Churches, by William Barrett
  • Floral Decoration of Churches, by William Barrett
  • Martirologio Romano, 2005 edition
  • Cathopedia (Cathopedia) Santi e Beati
  • Santo del Giorno
  • Santi e Beati

Readings Andrew, after spending time with Jesus and gaining great knowledge from him, did not keep this treasure to himself, but instead shared it with his brother Peter as soon as he could. Pay close attention to what Andrew said to him: “We have discovered the Messiah, which is to say, the Christ.” Take note of how his words reflect how much he has learnt in such a short period of time. They demonstrate the authority of the instructor who has persuaded them of this fact. Those statements reflect a soul that is waiting with bated breath for the arrival of the Messiah, looking forward to his appearance from heaven, celebrating when he does come, and hastening to tell others about such a momentous occasion.

This quotation is taken from Saint John Chrysostom’s homily on the Gospel of John.

  • “Saint Andrew the Apostle” is a Christian saint. CatholicSaints.Info, accessed on December 22, 2021. 8th of January, 2022
  • Web.

Andrew the Apostle

The feast day is on November 30th. Pre-Congregational period was canonized. Andrew worked as a commercial fisherman. However, he was looking for something more meaningful than what he could find on the ocean’s surface. Andrew, like many other devout Jews of his day, was hoping that God would send the Savior that he had promised them. The preaching of John the Baptist was the source of Andrew’s first introduction to Jesus. “I’m being pursued by someone far more powerful than I am,” John warned the crowd.

  • His baptism will be with the Holy Spirit, just as I have been with water.
  • Andrew and his companion were walking down the street one day when they heard John the Baptist declare, “Behold, the Lamb of God” (John 1:36), as a stranger passed by.
  • Upon hearing Jesus’ invitation to accompany him, the two men quickly started following him.
  • He hurried out to find his brother Simon and brought him to Jesus to be healed.
  • Nothing made Andrew happier than introducing people to Jesus and seeing them come to trust in him.
  • Following Pentecost, the Holy Spirit aided Andrew in his efforts to continue bringing people to Christ.
  • The apostle Andrew was a real missionary for Christ, teaching in both Greece and Russia throughout his lifetime.
  • According to Scottish folklore, the kingdom was once threatened by a much larger army many centuries ago.
  • As he prayed, a cross in the shape of a “X” emerged in the sky.
  • Andrew’s protective presence.
  • Today, if you look attentively at a photograph of the Scottish flag, you will notice the X-shaped cross that commemorates St.

Andrew the Apostle, who lived in the fifth century. His feast day is celebrated as Scotland’s national holiday. Making the Connection to Be My Disciples ®Grade 3, chapter 2 Grade 2, chapter 7 of Connecting to Blest Are We ®School and Parish

Biography of Saint Andrew

El Greco’s painting of the Apostle St Andrew (1610-14) James Kiefer contributed to this article. Almost all of the New Testament’s references to Andrew consist of him being included on a list of the Twelve Apostles or being grouped together with his brother Simon Peter. In the Gospel of John, on the other hand, he appears three times as a distinct individual. When a group of Greeks (or possibly just Greek-speaking Jews) express an interest in conversing with Jesus, they contact Philip, who informs Andrew, and the two of them inform Jesus (Jn 12:20-22).

A young man named Andrew approaches Jesus before he feeds the Five Thousand.

Jn 6:8f) And Andrew and another disciple are the first two disciples whom John describes as attached themselves to Jesus (Jn 1:35-42), according to the gospel of John (whom John does not name, but who is commonly supposed to be John himself – John never mentions himself by name, a widespread literary convention).

In this way, whenever he is named as an individual, it is because he plays a role in leading others to a personal encounter with the Lord Jesus Christ.

In the same way that Andrew was the first of the Apostles, his feast day is considered to represent the beginning of the Church Year in the Western world.

Some of Andrew’s relics were taken to Scotland by a missionary called Rule some centuries after his death, to a town then known as Fife, but now known as St.

As a result, Andrew is known as the “Patron Saint of Scotland.” Jusepe de Ribera’s St Andrew is a masterpiece (1630-32) Byzantine Emperor Constantine created the city of Byzantium, now known as the city of Constantinople, as his new capital of the Roman Empire, so displacing Rome, and the bishop of Byzantium rose to great prominence.

  • The community in Rome now claims as founders the two most famous apostles, Peter and Paul, who were both martyred in the First Crusade.
  • Of course, Jerusalem had all of the apostles.
  • For centuries, the other patriarchates despised Byzantium for being an inexperienced newcomer, a church that had gained political status by being located in the imperial capital but had no apostles in its history.
  • There was a lot of discussion about how Andrew had been the first of all the apostles to follow Jesus (John 1:40-41) and how he had led his brother to Jesus.
  • As missionaries from Byzantium began to spread Christianity across Russia, Andrew was elevated to the position of patron saint not only of Byzantium but also of Russia.
  • Andrew (also known as Saint Andrew the Apostle).
  • George, who was a soldier, is traditionally shown as a knight with a shield with a red cross on a white backdrop, as seen in the image above.
  • Several sources claim that Andrew was crucified on a Cross Saltire, which is a ‘X’-shaped cross.
  • As a result, this is the official national flag of Scotland.
  • Later, the crosses of George and Andrew were joined to form the Union Jack, often known as the flag of Great Britain, and the cross of Patrick was added to complete the current Union Jack design.

Wales does not appear to be in this list (sorry!). To be honest, I have no idea whether or not there is a design known as the “cross of David.”

St Andrew: Biography on Undiscovered Scotland

St Andrews, as seen from the top of St Rule’s Tower, is a beautiful place. On November 30, both eastern and western Christian churches commemorate St Andrew, who is the patron saint of Scotland (as well as Russia and Romania). His feast day is observed by both eastern and western Christian churches. This is also Scotland’s national day, however there is still controversy in Scotland about whether St Andrew’s Day should be declared a public holiday, which it is now not. In addition to being a brother of St Peter, St Andrew was also one of the twelve apostles.

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He was born in the city of Athens, Greece (“firstcalled”).

He is also supposed to have been crucified at Patras, Greece, on an X-shaped cross, which has come to be known as St Andrew’s cross and which serves as the foundation for the Scottish national flag, theSaltire, in the fifth century.

According to mythology, St Rule (also known as St Regulus) transported St Andrew’s relics by sea from Patras to Scotland in 347, where he was shipwrecked off the village that is today known as St Andrews in Fife.

The participation of St Rule, according to this account, was most likely invoked (or manufactured) to give the impression to early Christians that the relics of St Andrew had arrived in St Andrews much earlier than they actually did (always assuming, of course, that the bonesbrought by Bishop Acca to the town were really relics of St Andrew).

The inclusion of a page on St Andrew on this website, despite the fact that he lived hundreds of miles away from Scotland during his lifetime, demonstrates the outcome of this dispute.

She contributed significantly to the promotion of the Roman Catholic church in Scotland at the cost of the Celtic Church, and St Andrew was extremely beloved in her own Hungary.

History, on the other hand, has always been changeable. That is, without a doubt, why the Declaration of Arbroath1320 asserted that Scotland had been converted to Christianity by St Andrew, so purportedly demonstrating that God would have desired Scotland to maintain its independence from England.

St Andrew’s Day 2021: Who is Saint Andrew? Why Scotland celebrates St Andrew – and what happened to his bones?

Who is Saint Andrew, and what does he have to do with St Andrew’s Day? What is the significance of St Andrew’s Day in Scotland, and what happened to his bones? (Photo courtesy of Shutterstock/Getty Images. ) (Image courtesy of Canva Pro) The coming of St Andrew’s Day, which commemorates Scotland’s patron saint – Saint Andrew the Apostle – is just a few days away. Read on for more information. Scottish people commemorate St Andrew’s Day, which is celebrated annually on November 30th, in honor of a patron saint who has been immortalized at the heart of Scottish heritage and culture – with Saint Andrew’s presence visible in everything from the Scottish Saltire flag to the campus of St Andrew’s University.

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However, because of the apostle’s beginnings in Galilee and his sponsorship of countries all over the world, there is still a great deal of misunderstanding about Saint Andrew’s connections to Scotland. St Andrew’s Cathedral in the Scottish city of St Andrews. The image is courtesy of Getty Images through Canva Pro. Here’s all you need to know about Saint Andrew and why we honor him on St Andrew’s Day in Scotland, including a timeline of events.

Who is Saint Andrew?

Saint Andrew, also known as Andrew the Apostle, is thought to have been born in Galilee, Israel, somewhere between 5 AD and 10 AD, when the region was still under the control of the Roman Empire. According to the New Testament of the Bible, Andrew and his brother Simon Peter (Saint Peter) were fishermen before receiving a summons from Jesus to serve as two of his twelve apostles or followers. Earlier in the Gospel of John, Andrew is described as having been called to be a disciple of John the Baptist before becoming a follower of Jesus Christ.

Andrew’s crucifixion on an X-shaped diagonal cross is where the Saltire cross, also known as Saint Andrew’s Cross, got its start — with his death at the hands of the Romans taking place in Greece on the purported date of 30 November, 60 AD, according to tradition.

Why do we celebrate St Andrew’s Day in Scotland?

St Andrew’s Day is observed on the 30th of November every year in Scotland for a variety of reasons, none of which have been definitively established. It is said that Saint Andrew’s ties to Scotland were solidified by the treacherous journey of St Rule (bishop of Patras, Greece) to the Scottish east coast with the relics of Saint Andrew’s bones, which he then deposited in the county of Fife, as recounted in the tale of The Voyage of St Rule. Pictish King Angus of Scotland dedicated a monastery at St Andrews to the Saint, who appeared to him in a dream and subsequently guided him to victory in a battle against the Saxons.

There are several versions of this narrative, with some claiming that King Angus received a word from Saint Andrew informing him that he would be greeted by a Cross in the sky on the morning of the fight, so assisting him in his victory against the Saxons.

It doesn’t matter either way the narrative ends, with King Angus being greeted with a Saltire Cross on the morning of the fight, which inspires confidence in the Picts army, which goes on to defeat the Saxons in battle.

Pope John XXI was asked to intervene on behalf of Scotland, in order to secure recognition of its independence and the right to be protected from English claims of Scottish ownership.

Saint Andrew was chosen to serve as Scotland’s patron saint, as he is the brother of St Peter, who was responsible for laying the foundations for the Church.

What happened to Saint Andrew’s bones?

In light of the widespread belief that Saint Andrew himself did not ever set foot at Scotland – at least not while alive – it seems likely that his bones were buried in Patras following his death, and that they stayed there until 357 AD. The tale of the Voyage of St Rule states that St Rule departed Greece with the bones of Saint Andrew when Emperor Constantine of Constantinople demanded their transportation to Constantinople and took them to safety in Kilrymont, where they are now preserved.

The bones of Saint Andrew are supposed to have been carried to Scotland from this location by Bishop Acca, who fled to Scotland in 732 AD in order to seek shelter with King Angus and the Picts.

St Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland, Russia, Poland, and Greece, and countries all over the globe honor him and his legend through St Andrews Societies.

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When contrails intersect today, the Saltire, which is said to be the world’s oldest national flag, can dominate the sky, emblazoning St Andrew and Scotland in the minds of those who look up. Since the early days of Christianity, Saint Andrew has been revered as a patron saint of the Scots. On the eve of the war against the invading Angles, it is stated that engus II, King of the Picts from 820 to 834, had a vision of the apparition. The clouds created the shape of St Andrew’s cross in the morning, and engus was victorious in his battle against the enemies.

The Picts chose the cross as their national symbol and designated Andrew as their patron saint, which is still in use today.

Andrew, of course, was the first person to be summoned by Christ to follow him on his mission.

Image courtesy of Chronicle/Alamy He built Byzantium, which subsequently became Constantinople, and in 62 AD, the Roman ruler of Patras, Greece, had him executed for preaching the gospel to the local population.

It is estimated that 20,000 of his supporters were present to witness his murder.

They were purchased by St Acca of Hexham, who is a devoted relic collector.

Another version of the event claims that St Regulus, also known as St Rule, escaped Patras in 345 AD with the relics of St Andrew when they were threatened with removal to Constantinople.

Because the feudal system was built on position and precedence, the medieval rulers of Scotland encouraged the use of the St Regulus variant of the system as well.

It was not until the late 1100s that the Saltire began to be used on seals.

The seal was inscribed with the words ‘Andrea Scotis dux esto compatriotis’, which means ‘Andrea Scotis dux is a compatriot’ (Andrew, be leader of the compatriot Scots).

In the Middle Ages, St Andrews became a popular pilgrimage destination because its church, which was eventually rebuilt by a magnificent cathedral, had one of the saint’s teeth, as well as a kneecap, arm, and finger bones.

In 1559, adherents of John Knox demolished the interior of the cathedral and removed its relics, causing it to become a symbol of the Protestant Reformation.

When the Catholic hierarchy was reinstated in Scotland in 1878, the Bishop of Amalfi donated a piece of St Andrew’s shoulder to the Roman Catholic St Mary’s Cathedral in Edinburgh, which is now known as St Mary’s Cathedral.

Founded by King James VII in 1687, the Order of the Thistle bears Andrew’s name as its patron saint.

Historically, it has been flown during the funerals of the Scottish monarchy, and it has taken precedence over the Union flag on all Scottish public buildings since 2002.

The St Andrews Society of Charleston, South Carolina, was established in 1729, whereas the St Andrews Society of New York was established in 1756 and is the state’s oldest charity organization.

In addition, all of them host unique festivities to commemorate the saint’s day.

Image courtesy of WENN Rights Ltd/Alamy Although St Andrew’s Day has been celebrated in Scotland for many years, it was not until 2006 that the Scottish Parliament declared the 30th of November to be an official bank holiday throughout the country.

The Historic Environment Scotland website (historicenvironment.scot) offers free admission to more than 40 locations, and you may register online.

A torchlight parade through Glasgow’s West End features pipe bands, samba bands, drummers, and even fire-eaters as part of the festivities.

On top of that, it is the one day a year when the public gets access to St Andrews’s Museum, housed in a former golf clubhouse in the town that bears his name, which includes a variety of activities celebrating the saint’s life and legacy.

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