Who Is Saint James

James the Great – Wikipedia

SaintJames the Great
Saint James the GreatbyGuido Reni
Apostle
Born Bethsaida,Galilee,Roman Empire
Died AD 44Jerusalem,Judea, Roman Empire
Canonized Pre-Congregation
Feast 25 July (Western Christianity)30 April (Eastern Christianity) 30 December (Hispanic Church)
Attributes Red Martyr,Scallop,Pilgrim’s hat
Patronage PlacesSpain,Guatemala,Seattle,Nicaragua,Guayaquil,Betis Church, Guagua,Pampanga,Badian,Buhay Na Tubig, Imus,Paete, Laguna,Sogod,Cebu,Philippinesand some places ofMexico.ProfessionsVeterinarians,equestrians,furriers,tanners,pharmacists,oyster fishers,woodcarvers.

The Apostle James the Great, also known asJames the Son of Zebedee or as Saint James the Greater (Aramaic: Yaqq; Arabic: ; Hebrew: Yaqq; Latin: Iacobus Maximus; Greek: o) was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus and the first to be martyred, according to the New Testament. He was born in Bethlehem, Israel, and died in AD 44. Saint James is the patron saint ofSpain, and according to tradition, his relics are housed at the city of Santiago de Compostela in the Galician province of Galicia.

In the New Testament

Zerbee and Salome’s son, James is referred to as “the Greater” to separate him from the ApostleJames “the Less,” with greater implying that he is older or taller rather than that he is more significant. John the Apostle’s brother, James the Great, was born in the same year as John the Apostle. James is identified as one of the first disciples to follow Jesus into the city of Jerusalem. According to the Synoptic Gospels, James and John were with their father by the seaside when Jesus summoned them to come with him to follow him.

  1. According to one legend, Jesus granted James and John (or, in another, their mother) seats on his right and left in the kingdom of heaven.
  2. The other apostles were dissatisfied with their behavior.
  3. The Acts of the Apostlesrecords that “Herod the king” (generally associated with Herod Agrippa I) ordered James to be killed by sword, which is consistent with the tradition.
  4. When compared to the narrative of the Liberation of Saint Peter, F.
  5. Bruce comments that the fact that “James should die but Peter should escape” is a “mystery of divine providence.”

Veneration

Saint James is the patron saint of Spain in the Catholic faith, and according to legend, his bones are interred at the city of Santiago de Compostela in the Galician province of Galicia. This nameSantiagois the result of a local development of the LatinGenitive. In Latin, Sancti Iacobo means “(church or sanctuary) of Saint James” (which has evolved into a personal name in Spanish and even in Portuguese – Tiago -, with its derivativesDiego / Diogo) and in English, it means “Saint James’s Church or Sanctuary.” Traditional pilgrimages to the tomb of the saint, known as the ” Way of St.

  • The Pilgrims of St.
  • It is estimated that 327,378 pilgrims officially registered in 2018 as having completed the last 100 kilometer (62 mile) walk or the final 200 kilometres (120 mile) bicycle ride from Santiago to qualify for aCompostela award.
  • Jubilee years follow a pattern of 6-5-6-11 (unless when the last year of a century is not a leap year, in which case there might be a gap of 7 or 12 years between jubilee years).
  • The number had increased to 272,412 at the end of the Holy Year 2010.
  • On the liturgical calendars of the Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran, and some Protestant churches, the feast day of St.
  • In the Orthodox Christian liturgical calendar, he is celebrated on April 30, which is his birthday (for those churches which follow the traditionalJulian Calendar, 30 April currently falls on 13 May of the modernGregorian Calendar).

Galicia’s national day is also commemorated on July 25th, in honor of St James, who is the country’s patron saint. The Apostle James is commemorated in the Church of England with a Festival on the 25th of July.

Jerusalem

The location of the martyrdom is within the Armenian Apostolic Cathedral of St. James, which is located in the Armenian Quarter of Jerusalem. King Agrippa ordered his beheading (Acts 12:1–2). The traditional location of his martyrdom is the Chapel of St. James the Great, which is to the left of the sanctuary and is placed to the left of the sanctuary. Afterward, his body was buried beneath the altar, which was marked by a piece of red marble and encircled by six votive lights.

Spain

Apostle James, son of Zebedee, is credited with spreading Christianity throughout Spain, according to Catholic legend. When he was 44 years old, he was beheaded in Jerusalem, and his ashes were later transported to Galicia in a stone boat, to the site where today’s Santiago de Compostela Cathedral sits. The Historia Compostelana, written in the 12th century and commissioned bybishopDiego Gelmrez, presents a synopsis of the legend of St. James as it was believed in Compostela at the time of writing.

James preached the gospel both in Spain and in the Holy Land; and second, that after his martyrdom at the hands of Herod Agrippa, St.

According to legend, the transfer of his relics from Jerusalem to Galicia in the northwest of Iberia was accomplished through a series of miraculous events: after being decapitated in Jerusalem with a sword by Herod Agrippa himself, his body was taken up by angels and sailed in an unattended boat toIria Flavia in Iberia, where a massive rock closed around his relics, which were later removed to Compostela.

  1. According to traditional local belief, the Virgin Mary appeared to James on the bank of the Ebro River near Caesaraugusta on the 2nd of January, AD 40, when he was preaching the Gospel in Spain at the time.
  2. As a result of the vision, St.
  3. It is believed that the finding of the relics of the saint occurred during the reign of King Alfonso II (791–842) and Bishop Theodemir of Iria, according to local legend in Compostela.
  4. Known as the Way of St.
  5. Eventually, James was elevated to the position of patron saint of Spain.

Controversy

In the year AD 44, James was martyred. According to early Christian legend, he had not yet left Jerusalem at the time of this event. One line of argument in support of this assertion is found in theEpistle to the Romans, which was written after AD 44 and in which Paul expresses his desire to avoid “building on someone else’s foundation” by visiting Spain, suggesting that he was unaware of any previous evangelization efforts in Hispania, suggesting that he was unaware of any previous evangelization efforts in Hispania.

  • St.
  • A competing version places the apostle’s relics at the church ofSt.
  • Saint James’ burial in Compostela was not universally recognized, and some modern historians, like Louis Duchesne and T.
  • Kendrick, have come to oppose the tradition in the wake of this.

In addition to the legend’s very recent emergence, the Catholic Encyclopedia (1908) identified various “difficulties” or grounds for skepticism about it, including the following: Even though it was common knowledge in the year 700 that James established anapostolic seein Iberia, there is no specific mention of this tradition in the genuine writings of early writers or in the early councils; the first specific mention of this tradition is found in the ninth century, in Notker, a monk of St.

Gall (Martyrologia, 25 July), Walafrid Strabo (Poema de XII Apostoli), and others.

The Bollandists, on the other hand, defended it. (They provide more references in their Acta Sanctorum, July VI and VII.) As previously stated, Pope Leo XIII, in his 1884 bullOmnipotens Deus, expressed his trust in the validity of the relics at Santiago de Compostela.

Medieval “Santiago Matamoros” legend

An even later myth claims that he appeared mysteriously to fight for the Christian army at the famed Battle of Clavijo, and that he was christened Santiago Matamoros as a result of his appearance (Saint James theMoor -slayer). “Santiago and shut up, Spain!” says the narrator. Battle cries such as “St. James and strike for Spain” were used by medieval Spanish (Christian) troops in their battles. “The great knight of the russet cross was given by God to Spain as patron and defender,” says Miguel de Cervantes in Don Quixote.

The possibility that a cult of James was established to supplant the Galician cult of Priscillian (who was executed in 385), who was widely venerated across northern Iberia as a martyr (by the hands of the local bishops rather than as a heretic), should not be dismissed should not be dismissed out of hand.

The Catholic Encyclopedia of 1908, on the other hand, is extremely circumspect regarding the cult’s roots (see above at”Controversy”).

Emblem

The scallopshell (sometimes known as the “cockle shell”) was James’ insignia, and pilgrims to his shrine were often seen sporting it on their caps or clothing. Scallops are referred to in French as coquille St. Jacques, which literally translates as “cockle (or mollusc) of Jacob.” The German term for scallop isJakobsmuschel, which literally translates as “Jacob’s mussel (or clam)”; the Dutch word for scallop isJacobsschelp, which literally translates as “Jacob’s shell.” The phrase Ibskal has the same meaning in Danish as it does in Dutch; Ib is a Danish form of the name Jakob, and skal is a Danish word that means shell.

Military Order of Santiago

It was in the 12th century that the militaryOrder of Santiago was established in Spain, named for Saint Tiago or Saint James, in order to battle the Moors. Later, like with other orders of chivalry, membership in the Order of the Garter became a badge of honor.

Latter-day Saints

Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery were present when the Apostles James, Peter, and John appeared to them as heavenly messengers in 1829 and conferred upon them both, and thus restored, the Aaronic and Melchizedek priesthoods, as well as the authority of apostolic succession to them, as well as exclusively on earth to their organization, according to the teachings of the Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).

In Islam

They are not identified by their names or numbers in the Quran, nor are they given any lengthy descriptions of their life in the book of Revelation. Muslimexegesis, on the other hand, more or less agrees with the New Testamentlist and claims that the disciples includedPeter, Philip, Thomas, Bartholomew, Matthew, Andrew, James, Jude, John, and Simon the Zealot in addition to others.

See also

  • It is also known as the Secret Book of James. Other names for it include the Apocryphon of James (also spelled Camino de Santiago), Cathedral of St. James (disambiguation), Hand of St James the Apostle, Jacob, and the Camino de Santiago (disambiguation). St. James the Sword, a military order founded by Saint James the Sword
  • Our Lady of the Pillar, a Marian/angelic apparition that James is said to have had
  • A saint named Peter of Rates
  • Saint James, son of Zebedee, patron saint of archives
  • A saint named Peter of Rates St. James’ Church (disambiguation)
  • Santiago Matamoros (lit. “Saint James the Moor-slayer”)
  • Santiago Matamoros (lit. “Saint James the Moor-slayer”).

References

  1. Camerlynck 1910
  2. Nixon 1963, p. 1354
  3. Bruce 1964, p. 251
  4. Starkie 1957
  5. “Estadisticas antiguas” (Old Statistics). The Cathedral of Saint James (in Spanish). Retrieved on the 26th of July, 2021. Statistics from the past
  6. “Peregrinos in the Last Few Years” Statistics from the last few years (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 1 January 2010
  7. “La Peregrinación a Santiago en 2010″(PDF) is a document on the pilgrimage to Santiago in 2010. (in Spanish). “The Calendar” was published on 29 November 2015 and has been archived in PDF format. The Church of England is a denomination in the United Kingdom. “Photo of the altar in the Chapel of St. James the Great,” which was retrieved on March 27, 2021. The original version of this article was published on September 27, 2011. Clement of Alexandria,Stromateis, VI
  8. Apollonius,Ecclesiastical HistoryV.xviii)
  9. Kendrick 1960
  10. Cervantes 1863, p. 441
  11. Doctrine and Covenants27:12
  12. AbChadwick 1976
  13. Fletcher 1984
  14. AbC According to NoegelWheeler 2003, p. 86, Muslim interpretation lists the disciples of Jesus as Peter, Andrew, Matthew, Thomas, Philip, John, James, Bartholomew, and Simon, with the exception of Judas Iscariot.
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Sources

  • Commentary on the Book of Acts, written by F. F. Bruce in 1964. Wm. B. Eerdmans
  • Camerlynck, Achille (Grand Rapids, Michigan) (1910). “St. James the Greater” is an abbreviation. According to Charles Herbermann (ed.). The Catholic Encyclopedia, 8th edition, New York: Robert Appleton Company
  • Chadwick, Henry (1976), Priscillian of Avila, Oxford University Press
  • Cervantes, Miguel de Cervantes, Priscillian of Avila, Oxford University Press
  • (1863). Don Quixote de la Mancha: A Revised Translation Based on the Works of Motteux, Jarvis, and Smollett. New York: Harper & Row. D. Appleton & Company
  • Fletcher, Richard A. New York: D. Appleton & Company (1984), The Catapult of Saint James: The Life and Times of Diego Gelmrez of Santiago de Compostela is a book on the life and times of Diego Gelmrez of Santiago de Compostela. Clarendon Press, ISBN 978-0-19-822581-2
  • Kendrick, Thomas Downing
  • Kendrick, Thomas Downing (1960). St. James is venerated throughout Spain. Methuen
  • Nixon, R. E.
  • Nixon, R. E. (1963). “Boanerges”. According to J. D. Douglas (ed.). The New International Bible Dictionary. Inter-Varsity Press
  • Noegel, Scott B
  • Wheeler, Brandon M. London: Inter-Varsity Press (2003). In Islam and Judaism, there is a historical dictionary of prophets. Scarecrow Press, Lanham, Maryland, ISBN 978-0810843059
  • Starkie, Walter (1957). The Road to Santiago de Compostela. The Pilgrims of St. James are a group of people who go to the Holy Land to seek religious guidance. OCLC28087235
  • E. P. Dutton, New York
  • OCLC28087235

Further reading

  • “St. James the Great, Apostle,” Butler’s Lives of the Saints
  • “St. James the Great, Apostle”
  • A biography of St. James the Great, his miracles, and his martyrdom
  • A biography of St. James the Great, an apostle and martyr of the Christian Church
  • The Way of St. James is a pilgrimage route that begins in Spain and ends in England. Follow St. James’s footsteps on the trip to Santiago de Compostela with the help of this pilgrimage guide. Apostle James the Theologian’s BrotherOrthodoxiconandsynaxarion
  • History
  • St. James the Greater, Apostleat theChristian Iconographyweb site
  • Apostle James the Theologian’s BrotherOrthodoxiconandsynaxarion St. James the Greater, as shown in Caxton’s translation of the Golden Legend
  • The patron saint of Spain, whose feast day is celebrated at Santiago de Compostela every July

Saint James

St. James, also known as James the Greater, James the Son of Zebedee, or James the Greater, (born in Galilee, Palestine—died in Jerusalem, 44CE; feast day July 25), one of theTwelve Apostles, distinguished as being inJesus’ innermost circle and the only apostle whose martyrdom is recorded in theNew Testament, was one of theTwelve Apostles, distinguished as being inJesus’ innermost circle and the only apostle whose martyrdom is recorded (Acts 12:2).

  1. Saint James the Greater and his younger brother, St.
  2. James and John were the first four disciples whom Jesus summoned (Mark 1:16–19), and their query (“Tell us, when will this be, and what will be the sign that all these things are going to be accomplished?”) is the catalyst for Jesus’ eschatological (referring to the end-time) talk in Mark 13.
  3. (Mark 14:33 and Matthew 26:37).
  4. On the orders of King Herod Agrippa I of Judaea, James was killed; according to Spanish legend, his remains was transported toSantiago de Compostela, where his shrine attracts Christian tourists from all over the globe.

James, which has a detail from the 12th-century. Sonia Halliday is a well-known actress. Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica Melissa Petruzzello was the author of the most recent revision and update to this article.

Saint James

Sant Jakob (also known as James, The Lord’s Brother), (died 62 in Jerusalem; Western feast day May 3), was a Christian apostle according to St. Paul, however he was not one of the Twelve Apostles who founded the Christian church. He was the leader of the Jerusalem Christians, and together with Saints Peter and John the Evangelist, he is regarded as one of “the pillars of the church” by the Catholic Church. Because he has frequently been confused for St. James, son of Alphaeus, there has been some confusion over his identification.

  • There have been suggestions that James and Jesus were brothers (after Tertullian and Clement of Alexandria), stepbrothers (following Origen, among others), or cousins (following Tertullian and Clement of Alexandria) (after St.
  • During Jesus’ public career, it appears that James was not a disciple of the Messiah.
  • Three years after Paul’s conversion, James was an important leader in the Jerusalem church (Galatians 1:18–19).
  • James, son of Zebedee, and after Peter fled from Jerusalem (Acts 12:1–17), when James became even more prominent.
  • Later legend recounts that James was referred to as “the Just,” and that he was praised for his observance of Jewish law.
  • Various tales about James’s piety and zealousness for the Law had grown up around him; as a result, following traditions place an emphasis on James’s piety and popularity among Jews and Jewish Christians.
  • Hegesippus).
  • Today’s scholarship does not accept the notion that he wrote TheLetter of James, a New Testament treatise of moral teaching, as the author.

Saint James

What is the identity of St. James, our patron saint? Despite the fact that his name is well known, many of us are just vaguely familiar with him as one of the apostles. There appears to be nothing to arouse devotion in him: he spoke little that is recorded in the Gospels, and he left no written records of his own. (Another disciple by the name of James is credited with writing the “Letter of James” in the New Testament.) But it has been through the ages that this saint has sparked an intense devotion that has brought millions from all over the world, including from all corners of the world to his vast shrine in Spain, where several miracles have been credited to his mighty intercession.

  1. It was around this time that James and his brother, John, were aboard their fishing boat, fixing their fishing nets (Matthew 4: 18 – 2 2).
  2. The Gospels make it plain that James and John were, together with Peter, the disciples whom Jesus had the most confidence in.
  3. Jame’s presence with Jesus during the Transfiguration, in the Garden of Gethsemane, and in the home of Jairus when Jesus resurrected Jairus’ daughter to life are all recorded in Scripture.
  4. James was also the first apostle to give his life in the service of Christ.
  5. 44 (Acts 12:2), according to the Bible.
  6. His feast day is celebrated on July 25th.
  7. James’ life.

The mystery, on the other hand, is how James got to be buried at that location.

In addition, according to legend, two of these (Theodore and Athanasius) followed him back to Jerusalem, where he was killed at the hands of King Herod.

They prayed to God to guide them, and the boat drifted to northern Spain, where James was laid to rest.

The relics of St.

During the Middle Ages, Compostela rose to prominence as one of the most important pilgrimage destinations on the planet.

A visit from St.

Charlemagne will vanquish the Moors throughout Spain, according to the apostle’s prediction.

Whether it was true or not, the story of St.

As word of the apostle’s miracle-working prowess spread, an increasing number of pilgrims began making the pilgrimage to his tomb in order to seek his protection and intercession.

When the pilgrims of the Middle Ages arrived at Santiago de Compostela, they were able to receive their much-anticipated souvenirs: The scallop shell was transformed into the equivalent of a pilgrim’s passport, allowing travelers to be identified as such.

The Shell and Our Place of Worship There are several ways in which the belief in the miracle of how St.

James church building in Granada, Spain. Parishioners will be reminded of St. James, apostle and friend of Jesus, throughout the church, from the altar to the baptismal font to the holy water fonts and cornerstone.

History of the Apostle Saint James the Greater

The pilgrimage route known as the Camino de Santiago is named after St. James, the patron saint of Spain. So, what is it about Saint James the Greater, apostle of Jesus, that makes him so essential to the Camino and to Christian faith in general? The following are some quick facts about St. James the Apostle:

  • Spain and pilgrims are both patronized by Saint James, who is also known as the Patron Saint of Spain. His Memorial Day or Feast Day is celebrated on the 25th of July
  • He was identified by Jesus as one of the Sons of Thunder
  • He was killed by beheading in AD 44
  • And he is commemorated on the 25th of July.

Listen to the audio below or continue reading.

What is a Patron Saint?

To begin, let’s review the fundamentals: a patron saint is someone who is revered as a defender of a particular group of people or nationality. There is a patron saint for almost every cause, profession, or area of special interest imaginable. To provide just two examples, St. Francis of Assisi is the patron saint of animals, while St. Anthony is the patron saint of misplaced belongings. Patron saints are not just associated with Roman Catholicism; they are also associated with Eastern Orthodoxy, Anglicanism, and various branches of Islam, among other religions.

History of Saint James

St James the Greater was one of Jesus Christ’s followers, and since he was the son of Mary, the Virgin Mary’s sister, and the brother of St. Jude Thaddeus, he was considered to be the cousin of Jesus himself. He was also the brother of St. Jude Thaddeus, who was also a disciple of Jesus Christ. He shared a fishing boat with his brother, John, his father, Zebedee, and his partner, Simon, and they made a living off the sea. John and James were disciples of John the Baptist, who eventually became a follower of Jesus.

When Jesus was crucified by the Romans, he remained as one of his followers and accompanied Jesus everywhere.

Death and Relics of Saint James

His beheading occurred in 44AD by King Herod Agrippa I of Judea, when he returned to Judea after his exile. In Acts 12 of the New Testament, the Bible describes how “King Herod stretched his hands to hurt certain members of the church. ” The sword was used to slay James, the brother of John.3 Seeing how thrilled the Jews were with this, he proceeded to capture Peter as well,” says the Bible (Act 12 Modern English Version). It is believed that the remains of St James the Greater were then transported by his followers to the Iberian Peninsula (currently known as Galicia in Spain), where they are said to be buried in Santiago de Compostela, which is why St James the Greater is now known as the patron saint of that country.

After landing on the northwest shore of the peninsula, they traveled up the River Ulla to the town of Iria Flavia, where they spent the night (modern-day Padron).

When she was pursuing after James’ followers carrying his body across a bridge, the bridge collapsed, killing her and her army.

His disciples prayed over where to bury the sacred bones since they were unsure where they should lay them.

They ultimately decided to let the ox proceed till it found a suitable resting spot. After stopping for a drink at a creek, the ox eventually came to rest under an oak tree at the summit of a mountain. The Cathedral of Santiago, which is still standing today, is located here.

The Legend of St James the Greater

St James, often known as St Iago (after the Spanish spelling of his name), is the patron saint of Spain’s military forces. His task to guard the Christian Church from intruders took place after his death, rather than during it. According to history, at the renowned Battle of Clavijo, he emerged out of nowhere riding a milk-white charger, waving a white standard in the air, and led the Christians to victory. His name, “Sant lago!” was used as the battle cry of the day, and this apparition was in response to the troops’ invocation of his name.

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Why is Saint James a Saint?

Martyrs and confessors are the two types of saints recognized by the Catholic Church. A Christian martyr is defined as someone who has been executed because of his or her Christian religion or views. Confessors are those who died as a result of natural causes. James the Greater died in AD 44 after being beheaded by King Herod, earning him the title of martyr. St James is also usually regarded as the first apostle to be martyred, a fact that is universally acknowledged.

Why is he the patron of pilgrims and Spain?

St James the Greater is usually considered as the patron saint of pilgrims because, after establishing the Christian faith on the Iberian Peninsula, modern Galicia, he went to Judaea on a pilgrimage and was beheaded, he is also known as the patron saint of travelers. Because it may be found on the coasts of Galicia, the scallop shell has since become a well-known emblem of all pilgrims on the Camino de Santiago. After retuning to their home countries, pilgrims wore the scallop shell on their hats to demonstrate that they had followed through with their religious goals.

The Christians think that St James was instrumental in their victory over the Moors in Spain, which is still another reason he is their patron saint.

How is St James the Greater represented in Christian Art?

It is beneficial to be able to recognize prominent saints in works of art such as paintings, stained glass windows, illuminated manuscripts, architecture, and other types of Christian artwork. The lives and deaths of saints, as well as an area of life with which the person is most intimately linked, are shown in the creative renderings. St James the Greater is shown in Christian art as a traveler with a staff, gourd, and scallop shell in his possession. St James is also frequently represented as riding into combat on a white horse.

The Feast Day of St James

The Feast Day of St Jamesthe Greater is observed on July 25th across Spain, but particularly at Santiago de Compostela. Every year, a spectacular fireworks show marks the conclusion of a two-week festival. When the Feast of St James falls on a Sunday, the next year is designated as a Camino Holy Year, also known as a Year of Compostela or a Jacobean Year, among other names. If you go to the Cathedral in Santiago during these years, you will be able to acquire a plenary indulgence. During the Holy Years, the Camino routes can become quite crowded, making early preparation for pilgrims absolutely vital!

James’ Day?

Most saints have feast days that are related with certain days of the year, which are specifically allocated for them.

Feast days originated in the early Christian practice of annually commemorating martyrs on the anniversaries of their deaths while also commemorating their ascension into paradise, which was celebrated concurrently.

Visit Santiago and the relics of Saint James

Visit Santiago to discover more about Saint James and his life. Many memorials to him may be seen in this city, particularly at the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela – also known as the Cathedral of Saint James of the Field of Stars! There is no better way to arrive in this city than on foot or by bicycle along the Camino de Santiago, which will allow you to properly experience it. You may walk any of the Camino routes for as little as a few days or as long as a month or more. To begin arranging your trip to the relics of Saint James, get in touch with the Camino professionals.

Make 2022 YOUR Camino Year!

Please get in touch with us. The original version of this article was published on December 27th, 2019.

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The Life and Times of St. James the Greater St. James Episcopal Church is named after St. James the Greater, the brother of St. John and son of Zebedee and Salome, also known as St. James the Greater; St. James, the son of Alphaeus and long-time disciple of Jesus, also known as St. James the Lesser; and St. James the Just, the brother of Jesus and first Bishop of Jerusalem, also known as St. James the Lesser; and St. James the Lesser, the son of Alphae We often lose sight of the fact that the saints were actual historical persons from their period.

  1. He was one of the first disciples called by Jesus while fishing with their father Zebedee (Matthew 4:21-22, Mark 1:19-20).
  2. Despite the fact that his brother John was “the beloved,” and that it was to him that Jesus committed the care of his mother Mary, James was prominently featured in all four gospels.
  3. This expression may have been a reference to their fiery dedication to Jesus, but it was more likely a reference to the occasion when they intended to send down fire on a Samaritan town that refused to accept Jesus, and the Master had to scold them sharply for doing so (Luke 9:51-56).
  4. James, on the other hand, was one of the three disciples (the other two were Peter and John) who were invited to see the Transfiguration of Jesus (Luke 9:28-36).
  5. As a result, our namesake Saint James was the first martyr, preceding only St.
  6. There are other tales about St.
  7. One legend holds that the disciples placed the bones of St.

On the Feast Day, July 25, the pilgrims have completed their long journey and have arrived at the cathedral for a joyful celebration Mass in honor of the patron saint of Spain, Saint James.

James, including the severed head, miraculously traveled by themselves in a tiny boat and arrived at Galacia, where they were eventually brought to the city of Compostela.

James, who became known as the Fisher of Men.

James is depicted in the St.

The banner depicts the fishing heritage of St.

It was created by Mo Wakefield and dedicated by Father Peter Whelan in September 2009 to represent the traditional three scallop shells of St.

James Shelbyville.

2.) A third tradition is associated with St.

“According to an even later story, he emerged magically to fight for the Christian army during the battle of Clavijo, and was afterwards given the name Matamoros” (Moor-slayer).

James and strike for Spain” (St.

Apparently, this was a narrative that Don Quixote admired and wished to have told.

He later went to Judea, where he was martyred by Herod in A.D.

During a vision, the Virgin Mary appeared to James on the shores of the Ebro River near Caesaraugusta, according to tradition.

Originally developed in the Catholic Church around the 12th century, this tale is associated with the Catholic Church’s account of St. James the Greater.

St. James the Greater – Victoria and Albert Museum

The stained glass panel depicting St. James the Greater was created in 1618. The Guthrie bequest is represented by museum number C.235-1934. St James the Greater is one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and he is also known as the Greatest Apostle. He is referred to as ‘the Greater’ in order to distinguish himself from another Apostle, ‘James the Less.’ When Herod Agrippa ordered his execution, he became the first Apostle to be killed. This occurred in the year AD 44. The saints of the Christian church are frequently distinguished by a device known as their attribute, which serves to distinguish them from one another.

  • He is commonly shown as a pilgrim, and he is frequently seen wearing a cap with a cockleshell affixed to it, among other things.
  • There has grown a tale in northern Spain that he had journeyed to the coast of Galicia in order to convert the local populace.
  • During the approach to the coast, a frightened horse tossed its rider to the ground, and the man perished as a result of his injuries.
  • When St James’ body was discovered in the early 9th century, the bishop of the area said that God had revealed the location of the body to him.
  • By the 11th century, Santiago de Compostela had established itself as a significant pilgrimage site, and it continues to draw thousands of visitors each year.

Saint James

The Life of Saint James This James is John the Evangelist’s brother, according to the Bible. While working with their father in a fishing boat on the Sea of Galilee, Jesus summoned the two children to him. Jesus had previously summoned another set of brothers from a similar trade: Peter and Andrew, who had been waiting for him. As he proceeded a little distance, he came upon James, the son of Zebedee, and his brother John. They were also aboard a boat, fixing their nets at the time. After that, he phoned them.

  • Jesus’ Transfiguration, the resurrection to life of Jairus’ daughter, and his anguish in Gethsemani were all witnessed by James, who was one of the three chosen to be present.
  • Apparently, their mother came to them, or perhaps it was the brothers themselves, to request that they be given the seats of honor in the kingdom, according to Matthew.
  • As a result, Jesus assured them that they would indeed drink the cup and partake in his baptism of suffering and death, but that the privilege of sitting at his right or left hand was not theirs to give—it “is for those for whom it has been prepared by my Father” (Matthew 20:23b).
  • Then Jesus gave them all a lesson in humble service: the purpose of authority is to serve those in authority.
  • This is the stance taken by Jesus Christ himself.
  • An another instance occurred in which James and John demonstrated that the moniker Jesus gave them—”sons of thunder”—was a suitable one.
  • As soon as the apostles James and John noticed this, they questioned the Lord, ‘Do you want us to bring down fire from heaven to consume them?” After a while, Jesus turned and scolded them.” (See Luke 9:54-55.) According to tradition, James was the first of the apostles to be martyred.
  • The Jews were pleased with his execution of James the brother of John by sword, and when he realized that this pleased them, he went on to capture Peter as well” (Acts 12:1-3a).
  • Reflection A excellent reminder of what holiness is all about is provided by the way the Gospels treat the apostles in their respective books.
  • Instead, the focus is squarely on the Kingdom, specifically on God’s gifting people with the authority to preach the Good News.

In terms of their personal lives, there is a much to say about Jesus purging them of narrowness, pettiness, and fickleness, among other things. Saint James the Greater is the patron saint of the following countries: Chile Laborers Nicaragua Rheumat ismSpain

Who Was Saint James? The Beginner’s Guide

Saint James, also known as the Apostle James or James the Greater, was one of Jesus Christ’s twelve followers and is commemorated on the feast of St. James the Greater. James was a member of Jesus’ inner circle, along with his brother John and the Apostle Peter, and he was there for key events that the other disciples were not (such as the Transfiguration). Aside from Judas, James was the first apostle to be martyred, and his death is the only one of his disciples whose demise is documented in the Bible (Acts 12:2).

(According to tradition, he was Jesus’ brother.) For someone who is such a significant biblical person, there is remarkably little information available about James.

Despite the scarcity of information regarding James’ life, his burial location is one of the most popular Christian pilgrimage destinations in the world, second only to Rome and Israel.

Here are some short facts on the situation:

Why is he called James the Greater?

The Apostle James is sometimes referred to as James the Greater in order to separate himself from James, the brother of Jesus, who is commonly referred to as James the Just or James the Lesser in order to distinguish himself from the Apostle James. Jesus’ brother James is widely thought to be the author of the Book of James, and he, along with his brothers Peter and John, became renowned as a pillar of the early Christian church. A bishop of Jerusalem is mentioned in certain early Christian sources, and James the Just is one of such bishops.

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Who was the Apostle James?

It is the gospels that provide us with virtually all of our information on the Apostle James. James is one of the first disciples whom Jesus summons, according to the Synoptic Gospels. He first appears in Mark 1:19, then in Matthew 4:21, and last in Luke 5:10.

Fisherman

At the time of our first meeting with James, the authors of Matthew, Mark, and Luke all inform us that he’s a fisherman. When James is summoned, the specifics vary somewhat from report to account, but the essentials remain the same: he’s washing or preparing fishing nets, he’s with John, and he promptly abandons everything to follow Jesus. It is mentioned by Luke that James and John are collaborating with Simon (better known as Peter). ” For he and all his associates were astounded by the amount of fish they had caught, as were James and John, the sons of Zebedee, Simon’s business partners.

—Matthew 1:19–20 Since a fisherman who couldn’t afford to hire men would have been severely handicapped if he lost two sons, it’s possible that Mark is giving the detail about the hired men to let us know that James and John did not abandon their father and leave him unable to make a livelihood.

Alternatively, Mark may have intended the audience to be aware that, despite the fact that James and John were fisherman, they were at least moderately well off.

Brother of John the Apostle

The fact that James and John are brothers is also revealed in those few sections, as you have presumably surmised. James and John are not specifically said to be brothers in Luke’s gospel, but they are stated to be Zebedee’s sons in the same way. therefore Luke is implying that they are half brothers at the least. Several more passages make reference to the friendship that exists between James and John. These two brothers had a prominent place among Jesus’ followers because of their close association.

Son of Thunder

There are only four places in the Bible where all of Jesus’ followers are mentioned together: Mark 3:13–19, Matthew 10:2–4, Luke 6:12–16, and Acts 1:13–14. Mark 3:13–19 is the only place in the Bible where all of Jesus’ disciples are listed together. An aside concerning James and John is included in Mark 3:17, along with a particular moniker Jesus bestowed to them. As a tribute to them, he gave them the name Boanerges, which translates as “sons of thunder” in Hebrew. The Bible does not provide an explanation for what this moniker indicates or why Jesus gave it to them, and this is the only instance in which the term appears in the text of the Bible.

While traveling through a Samaritan town on their way to Jerusalem, Jesus and his followers are refused hospitality by the locals since they are on their way to Jerusalem.

After seeing this, the disciples James and John inquired of the Lord, ‘Do you want us to call fire down from heaven to kill them?’ —Luke 9:54 (New International Version) According to popular belief, this is the primary text that demonstrates James and John possessed fiery tempers, which may have been the origins of their moniker.

He was thereafter visited by James and John, who were sons of Zebedee.

‘Can you tell me what you want me to do for you?’ he inquired.

You can drink from the cup I drink from and be baptized with the baptism I am baptized with, but you cannot drink from my cup.

‘You will drink the cup that I drink, and you will be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with, but I will not grant you the right or the left to seat at my right or left side of the table.’ This land belongs to people who have worked hard to make it a home for them.” —Mark 10:35–40 (NASB) However, while we might deduce that James and John may have had explosive personalities, nothing of these paragraphs clearly links the moniker to either of the two characters (which again, only appears in Mark 3:17).

So the most we can do is hypothesize about where the moniker “sons of thunder” came from and what it may mean in this context.

Jesus’ inner circle

Peter, James, and John were the three closest disciples of Jesus, and they were also his closest friends. Because there are three episodes in the gospel when Jesus only allows these three people to accompany him, and they are the only ones who see some of the most critical events of Jesus’ career, we know this to be true. Jesus raises a girl from the dead (Mark 5:37–43). After miraculously healing a lady who had been bleeding for years, Jesus flees from the throngs of people who had gathered around him to pay a visit to a synagogue leader called Jairus, whose daughter had recently died.

The Transfiguration (Matthew 17:1–13) is a significant event in the life of Jesus.

A voice from the cloud informs the disciples, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am happy.” After speaking with Moses and Elijah, a voice from the cloud tells the disciples, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am pleased.” “Pay attention to him!” John the Baptist has returned, and Jesus urges them not to tell anybody about it.

The Garden of Gethsemane (Matthew 26:36–46) is a place of prayer for Christians.

He urges the company to remain and maintain watch, and then he goes to the front of the room to pray with Peter, James, and John.

Martyr

Despite the fact that James was not the first martyr (that honor went to a person named Stephen), he was surely not the first of the Twelve to die (a guy named Judas Iscariot was). However, he was the first of Jesus’ apostles to be killed as a result of his devotion to him. Scholars largely agree that Herod killed the Apostle James in Jerusalem in 44 AD, according to historical evidence. It was at this time that King Herod arrested certain members of the church with the intent of persecuting them, according to Acts 12.” It was he who ordered the execution of John’s brother James with the sword.

  • When he executed James, the Jews gave their approval (Acts 12:3), and Herod responded by imprisoning Peter.
  • “It appears that the guard who took him into court was so affected when he saw him testify that he admitted that he, too, was a Christian,” writes Eusebius of Caesarea, the founder of church history, concerning James’ execution in the fourth century.
  • James paused for a bit before saying, ‘I wish you peace,’ and kissing him on the cheek.
  • And, while there are several tales about prominent Christians, this one doesn’t appear to be too far-fetched to be true either.

Christian persecution dates back centuries, and James’ death was far from the first instance of such persecution. The fact remains, however, that it was the first time that one of the apostles “drank the cup Jesus drank” (Mark 10:39), and died as a result of his trust in him.

Missionary to Spain?

Apocryphal document called The Gospel of the Twelve, written in the first century, claimed that when the Holy Spirit descended on the apostles at Pentecost (Acts 2), they were individually enabled to speak the language of the people to whom they were sent (like the Tower of Babel, but in reverse). James spoke Latin, which was largely spoken in the western portion of the Roman Empire at the time of his birth. Nevertheless, it wasn’t until hundreds of years later that someone proposed that James travel to Spain.

This argument was repeated in poetry, hymns, biographies, and commentaries written during the seventh and eighth centuries.

The only way for this to be conceivable was for James to leave Jerusalem to evangelize Spain, return to Jerusalem in 44 AD to be killed, and then have his bones taken back to Spain so that they might be buried there as well.

However, the majority of contemporary academics have discovered no evidence to substantiate James’ ministry in Spain, or his claimed burial there.

The apostle Paul writes in Romans 15:20, “It has always been my ambition to preach the gospel where Christ was not known, so that I would not be building on someone else’s foundation,” and he goes on to say that he intends to travel to Spain next (Romans 15:23–24), which is where he plans to preach the gospel.

He died at a young age in the Christian movement, and he died in the holy city of Jerusalem.

Nonetheless, despite its mythological roots, this pilgrimage, known as the Camino de Santiago, has remained popular until today, thanks to the efforts of volunteers.

What is the Camino de Santiago?

The Camino de Santiago (also known as the Way of Saint James) is a vast network of paths that lead to the shrine of Saint James in the city of Santiago de Compostela in northern Spain. It was one of the most significant Christian pilgrimages during the Middle Ages, ranking third only behind Rome and Jerusalem, and it has remained active ever since the fabled discovery of Saint James’ bones in the early ninth century, according to tradition. Every year, over 300,000 people participate in the pilgrimage.

Fun fact: For a brief period of time, the Camino de Santiago could be used as a kind of punishment for offenses.

Every year, an area of Belgium releases and pardons a prisoner who agrees to walk the Camino de Santiago while carrying a hefty rucksack and being supervised by a guard. This has been going on for centuries.

Legends surrounding Saint James

Apart from the traditions surrounding his missionary expedition to Spain and his posthumous return voyage, there are additional unusual accounts of James the Greater, two of which occur several centuries after his death. James the Greater is credited with establishing the first Christian mission in Spain.

Fought in the Battle of Clavijo

The Conflict of Clavijo is a mythological battle that took place around 800 years after James’ death and is still debated today. Although the earliest descriptions of the fight were written down hundreds of years after it was believed to have taken place, it was nonetheless largely considered as historical at the time of its publication. According to tradition, a Spanish Christian army was defeated by Muslim invaders despite being considerably outnumbered. In the end, what does any of this have to do with James?

St.

Restored the priesthood to Joseph Smith

During the nineteenth century, according to Mormon mythology, John the Baptist came to Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery and bestowed upon them the Aaronic priesthood. Smith meticulously chronicled the entire thing. Then, Smith claimed that he heard “the voice of Peter, James, and John in the wilderness between Harmony, Susquehanna county and Colesville, Broome county, on the Susquehanna river, declaring themselves as possessing keys to the kingdom, and to the dispensation of the fulness of times” in the wilderness between Harmony and Colesville, Broome county, on the Susquehanna river.

Apostle, martyr, legend

Throughout the history of the church, Saint James has played a significant role. But, other from a few tidbits of information strewn over a few sections, we don’t know much about him. He was the closest person to Jesus, other than Peter and John, yet he died in Jerusalem not long after Jesus’ death. While James the Greater may not have lived to be a pillar of the church like his brother John (or James the Lesser), and he is unlikely to have traveled to Spain, James did contribute to the growth and spread of Christianity in the years following Jesus’ death, and he was clearly significant enough to garner attention from the Roman authorities.

In spite of the fact that we may not be familiar with him as well as some of the other disciples, we do know this: Jesus saw something remarkable in him, and perhaps we should as well.

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