Who Is Saint Bernard

Saint Bernard of Clairvaux

  • Learn about the life of Saint Bernard of Clairvaux by reading his writings. An overview of the life of St. Bernard of Clairvaux. Contunico is a trademark of ZDF Enterprises GmbH, Mainz. See all of the videos related to this topic. Discover the history of Clairvaux Abbey, as well as the origins of the Cistercian Order. Overview of Clairvaux Abbey in France, including a study of the Cistercian religious order. Contunico is a trademark of ZDF Enterprises GmbH, Mainz. See all of the videos related to this topic.

The Cistercian monk and mystic St. Bernard of Clairvaux (born 1090, probably in Fontaine-les-Dijon, near Dijon, Burgundy—died August 20, 1153, Clairvaux, Champagne; canonized January 18, 1174; feast day August 20), founder and abbot of the abbey of Clairvaux and one of the most influential churchmen of his time, was born in 1090 in Burgundy and died in Champagne.

Early life and career

Bernard was raised in a household of five brothers and one sister, all of whom were descended from Burgundian landowning nobles. The familial environment instilled in him a strong regard for mercy and justice, as well as a devoted devotion for those around him. Faith and morality were treated seriously, but not with a priggish air about them. His parents were both great role models of morality in their own right. It is stated that Bernard’s mother, Aleth, had a moral effect on him that was only second to that exercised by St.

  • Augustine of Hippo in the 5th century, according to legend.
  • Quiz on the Encyclopedia Britannica Religions and traditions from throughout the world Do you feel you know everything there is to know about faith in different parts of the world?
  • When St.
  • Stephen Harding, Bernard made the decision to join this struggling small new community that had been established by St.
  • He became a member of the Cîteaux community in 1112, and he continued to pursue his spiritual and theological studies there until 1115.
  • He suffered from poor health for the most of his life, which manifested itself in the form of anemia, migraines, gastritis, hypertension, and a diminished sense of taste.

Founder and abbot ofClairvaux

His appointment to head a small group of monks to construct a monastery at Clairvaux, on the boundary between Burgundy and Champagne, was made by King Harding in 1115. For more than a decade, the Clairvaux community, which included four brothers, an uncle, two cousins, an architect, and two experienced monks under the direction of Bernard, suffered from acute famine and misery. Meanwhile, as Bernard’s health deteriorated, his spirituality grew more intense and profound. Under the pressure of his ecclesiastical authorities and friends, particularly thebishop and scholarWilliam of Champeaux, he retreated to a cottage near the monastery and placed himself under the supervision of a quack physician.

  • They are distinguished by the employment of parallels, etymologies, alliteration, and biblical symbols, as well as by the recurrence of allusions to the Church Fathers, and they are filled with resonance and lyrical brilliance.
  • While he did not believe in Mary’s Immaculate Conception, Bernard would go on to become one of the most prominent supporters of a moderate worship of the Virgin in the Middle Ages.
  • Bernard struggled and eventually learned to live with the inevitable conflict created by his desire to serve others in charity through obedience and his desire to cultivate his inner life by remaining in his monastic enclosure.
  • His more than 300 letters and sermons document his struggle to reconcile a mystical life of immersion in God with compassion for the poor and a concern for the faithful performance of tasks as a custodian of the life of the church, all while maintaining a strong sense of humor.
  • A sort of higher knowledge that is the complement and fulfilment of faith, and that comes to a close in prayer and contemplation, might be claimed by him as his claim.
  • Stones and trees will teach you things that you will never be able to learn from masters.

These ideas were articulated in his sermons “The Steps of Humility” and “The Love of God.”

Saint Bernard of Clairvaux

The Life and Times of Saint Bernard of Clairvaux The greatest man of the century! She is the woman of the century! Today, similar words are given to so many people—”golfer of the century,” “composer of the century,” “right tackle of the century”—that the phrase has lost its meaning. Bernard of Clairvaux, on the other hand, was without a doubt and without argument Western Europe’s “man of the twelfth century.” Anyone who holds any of these titles would stand out among ordinary people: adviser to popes, preacher of the Second Crusade, protector of the faith, healer of schisms, reformer of a monastic Order, Scripture scholar, theologian, and orator.

  • Bernard left his home in the year 1111, when he was 20 years old, to become a member of the monastic community of Citeaux.
  • By the end of four years, the ailing community had regained enough vigor to build a new home in the neighboring valley of Wormwoods, with Bernard serving as abbot.
  • He learned to be more patient and understanding after experiencing a little health setback.
  • His abilities as an arbitrator and counselor gained widespread recognition.
  • In Rome, he appears to have trodden on some very delicate toes on a number of times.
  • However, in response to a letter of caution from Rome, he stated that the good fathers in Rome already had enough on their plates to keep the Church together.
  • Bernard was the one who interfered in a full-blown split and brought it to a conclusion in favor of the Roman pontiff and against the antipope not long after.
  • His rhetoric was so powerful that a large army was quickly raised, and the success of the crusade appeared to be certain.
  • Bernard thought he had some responsibility for the degenerative consequences of the Crusade in some manner.
  • Reflection Bernard’s involvement in the Church was far more active than we could have imagined conceivable at the time.
  • But he was well aware that they would have been in vain had he not spent countless hours in prayer and contemplation, which had provided him with strength and divine guidance.

His life was distinguished by a great devotion to the Blessed Mother, which he shared with others. His sermons and works on Mary remain the gold standard in the field of Marian theology.

St. Bernard of Clairvaux

St. Bernard of Clairvaux was a Cistercian monk who lived from 1090 to 1153 in France. He was the founder and abbot of the monastery of Clairvaux, which he founded. Pope Innocent III, a theologian and Doctor of the Church, exercised dominance over Europe through his oratory and advice to Popes and other monarchs. In Burgundy, Bernard was the son of an aristocratic family. A tall, attractive, slim youngster, he was blessed with tremendous charm, eloquence, sensitivity, and a thirst for learning.

  1. His 23rd year, he convinced his two uncles, his five brothers, and some thirty other young nobility to join him at Clteaux Cistercian abbey, which had been constructed in 1098 in a marshy location near Dijon and had been abandoned for centuries.
  2. Bernard’s austere practices had a negative impact on his health, and he was frequently ill.
  3. Bernard and Clairvaux were well-known across Europe as a result of their personalities, sanctity, compelling eloquence, and the exquisite Latin language of their works, among other things.
  4. He slammed the monks of Cluny for giving up hard labor and for their lavish ceremonial garb and cuisine, which he expressed in a colorful manner.
  5. Bernard quickly found himself embroiled in the most significant events of the Church, including the Council of Trent.
  6. Innocent II, a man of integrity and responsibility, was chosen pope by a small group of cardinals in 1130, despite opposition from the other cardinals.
  7. Bernard’s persuasive power was instrumental in swaying the judgment in favor of the superior man, Innocent II.

Later, Bernard became intimately involved in the opposition of Peter Abelard, a talented and arrogant teacher in Paris, which lasted for two years.

In 1140, before the Council of Sens, Bernard accepted Abelard’s challenge to a discussion on the subject.

When asked if he would abjure them, Abelard responded, “I’m not going to respond to the Cistercian.

Following the Pope’s condemnation of the theses, Abelard accepted the verdict and made peace with Rome as well as with Bernard of Clairvaux.

At 1146, Bernard issued his first call for a crusade, which took place in Vezelay, France.

He spread the word about the cause and even got Emperor Conrad III to join him.

It has been suggested that Bernard’s name is related with the “two swords hypothesis,” according to which both the spiritual and temporal swords belonged to both the pope and the Church, with the worldly sword being deployed by the prince at the Church’s request.

In each case, he, however, advised it to the appropriate time period.

Bernard was a prolific writer, having written treatises on asceticism, polemical writings, Bible commentaries, and countless sermons during his lifetime.

His biblical interpretations and sermons are the most notable examples of his uniqueness. Bernard’s emphasis was always on love, and his brilliance rested in his ability to communicate his musical knowledge to others through his teaching style.

Further Reading on St. Bernard of Clairvaux

The book St. Bernard of Clairvaux Seen through His Selected Letters, translated with an introduction by Bruno Scott James and published in 1953, paints a vivid portrait of the saint in his many states of mind. Saint Bernard of Clairvaux is the subject of two excellent monographs: Watkin Williams’ Saint Bernard of Clairvaux (1935) and Bruno Scott James’ St. Bernard of Clairvaux: An Essay in Biography (1993). (1957). Geoffrey Webb and Adrian Walker compiled and transcribed accounts of St. Bernard written by his contemporaries, including William of St.

Bernard of Clairvaux: His Life and Times (1960).

Additional Biography Sources

Bernard of Clairvaux, Saint,Bernard of Clairvaux: a saint’s life in words and images,Bernard of Clairvaux: a saint’s life in words and images, Our Sunday Visitor Publishing Division, Huntington, Indiana, 1994. Adriaan Hendrik Bredero’s Bernard of Clairvaux: between cult and history was published by W.B. Eerdmans in Grand Rapids, Michigan in 1996. George Gordon Coulton’s Two Saints: St. Bernard and St. Francis was published by R. West in Philadelphia in 1977. Cristiani, Laeon, St. Bernard of Clairvaux, 1090-1153, Boston: St.

Cristiani, Laeon, St.

Paul Editions, 1977.

St. Bernard of Clairvaux – Saints & Angels

the Abbot and Doctor of the Church, Saint Bernard St. Bernard was born at the castle of Fontaines, near Dijon, in the French province of Burgundy, to wealthy parents. Under the supervision of his religious parents, he was sent at a young age to a college at Chatillon, where he distinguished himself for his extraordinary devotion and spirit of memory. It was here at this location that he began his studies in theology and Holy Scripture. Because he was afraid of the traps and temptations of the world after his mother’s death, he decided to join the Cistercian Order, which had just been created and was known for its austerity, and for which he was destined to become the most prominent adornment.

  • Citeaux was the setting for St.
  • Stephen, in 1113, which included thirty young noblemen from the region.
  • Seeing the considerable progress he had made in the spiritual life, his superior ordered him and twelve monks to create a new monastery, which became known as the famed Abbey of Clairvaux a short while later.
  • Bernard was chosen Abbot, and he started the active life that has distinguished him as the most prominent character in the history of the 12th century.
  • A number of Bishoprics were offered to him, but he turned them all down.
  • Bernard’s fame went far and wide, and even the Popeswere influenced by his counsel.
  • In obedience to the Sovereign Pontiff, he journeyed across France and Germany, where he sparked the greatest excitement for the holy war among the general populace.
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On August 20, 1153, he passed away.

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Our Patron – Saint Bernard of Clairvaux 1090-1153 – St. Bernard of Clairvaux, Scottsdale, AZ

Abbot and Doctor of the Church, St. Bernard. Bernard was born at the castle of Fontaines, near Dijon, in the French province of Burgundy to noble parents. He is known as St. Bernard. The young man was raised in the care of his religious parents and was educated in a college in Chatillon, France. While there, he stood out for his exceptional devotion and memory-stimulating attitude. Meanwhile, he began his studies in theology and Holy Scripture at the same location. Because he was afraid of the traps and temptations of the world after his mother’s death, he decided to join the Cistercian Order, which had just been created and was known for its austerity, and for which he was destined to become its most prominent adornment.

  1. Citeaux was the setting for St.
  2. Stephen, in 1113, which included thirty young noblemen from the city.
  3. His superior, seeing the significant progress he had made in the spiritual life, dispatched him and twelve other monks to create a new monastery, which became known as the celebratedAbbeyof Clairvaux shortly thereafter.
  4. Other monasteries were created by him, and he also wrote countless writings and traveled much in the name of Christ.
  5. Although his renown traveled far and wide, even the Popes sought his counsel from time to time.
  6. In obedience to the Sovereign Pontiff, he journeyed through France and Germany, where he sparked the greatest excitement for the holy war among the general public.
  7. The miracle-working abilities of St.

In 1153, he passed away on August 20.

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Doctor of the Church

Bernard died on the 20th of August, 1153, in Clairvaux.

On the 18th of January, 1174, Pope Alexander III declared him to be a saint. In 1830, Pope Pius VII named him a Doctor of the Church, the first Pope to do so. M. Basil Pennington wrote this piece. The acronym OCSO comes from the Modern Catholic Encyclopedia.

Memorial of Saint Bernard of Clairvaux

The 20th of August is Memorial Day. White is the liturgical color, and the patron is white. Founder of the Cistercian Order, patron saint of beekeepers and candlemakers He was a reformer par excellence, and he was instrumental in saving the Benedictine Order and reviving monasticism. This day’s saint was comparable to a medieval rock star who never ceased travelling around Europe. The crème of society was among his circle of acquaintances, since he traveled with an entourage and drew large audiences to every event he appeared at.

  1. He was almost as prolific a writer as Saint Augustine, although he wrote mostly in letters rather than huge volumes, which was more his style.
  2. He was knowledgeable, full of emotion, erudite, strong, and introspective in his delivery.
  3. Pope Pius XII referred to him as “the last of the Fathers” of the Church, and he was right.
  4. His despair was exacerbated by the loss of his mother, and he began to think more seriously about what God intended him to do.
  5. A new monastery was established in the town of Cîteaux with the hopes of adhering to the Benedictine Rule with exactitude and severity.
  6. He entered this new, experimental monastery.
  7. At the entrance, he was greeted by a long procession of thirty of his siblings, relatives, and friends, all of whom were noble.

They were the ones who followed.

When he inquired, they responded affirmatively, using the word “yes.” This innate ability to command and lead was a foreshadowing of what was to follow.

Bernard was appointed Abbot of Clairvaux, which means “Clear Valley,” because of the influx of monks that resulted as a result of Bernard’s energizing presence at Cîteaux.

During his tenure as the first Abbot of Clairvaux, Bernard imprinted the Cistercian movement with its particular character: sobriety in art and architecture, solemnity in liturgy, austerity in living, tenacity in labor, rigorous adherence of the Rule, and quiet permeating everything.

By the time of Bernard’s death, there were 343 Cistercian monasteries spread over the length and width of European territory.

His abilities were such that he was sought out by princes, monarchs, and popes for advice on every conceivable topic.

As if he were a minister of state, he was forced to employ secretaries to keep track of the enormous amount of correspondence that poured out of his mouth at all times.

He was greeted by throngs of people who came to receive his blessing or to feel his hands pressing against their skulls.

The real miracle, according to one observer, was not his recovery, but rather the fact that Bernard survived.

Known for his Marian devotion, eloquence, and contemplative spirit in the Divine Comedy, Bernard takes the place of Beatrice as Dante completes the final stages of his mythical journey toward God.

The Virgin is the Queen of this mystical white rose, and “faithful Bernard” looks at her with awe and admiration as he holds her in his arms.

Let us consider you, Saint Bernard, to be the model of a well-educated and devoted monk, with your devotion to Mary, endless travels, strict lifestyle, and keen eye for beauty.

For additional reading, see Sanctoral Franciscan Media Wikipedia Books from My Catholic Life! on Amazon or Sanctoral Franciscan Media. Alternatively, you can read online for free by clicking here.

Bernard of Clairvaux

The feast day is on August 20th. 1170 is the canonized version of the number. In order to get work done, you don’t always win a popularity contest by persuading others to do their fair amount of effort. Particularly if you believe you are correct and that everyone else (who does not agree with you) is incorrect. That very well sums up Bernard of Clairvaux’s character. He may not have had the greatest number of friends in the world, but he was a very effective leader. Bernard was raised by rich parents who adored him and supplied him with a comfortable environment.

  1. When Bernard reached adulthood, he began training to be a soldier, but he soon realized that he could better serve God by not murdering others.
  2. Bernard conducted an experiment with these members of his family and acquaintances.
  3. His ability to bring people together was visible both then and subsequently.
  4. His siblings and widowed father were among the numerous men who came to join the monastery, and it became necessary to construct more monasteries, some of which were in other countries, to accommodate the growing number of participants.
  5. Bernard had a well-deserved reputation for being both extremely clever and extremely holy.
  6. Even popes and monarchs sought his advice at one point or another.
  7. In 1174, he was recognized a saint, and in 1830, he was named a Doctor of the Church.
  8. St.

Bernard of Clairvaux

Sign up for Christianity Today and you’ll gain instant access to back issues of Christian History! “You’d like me to explain why and how God should be loved, and I understand. My response is that God himself is the reason why he should be cherished.” It’s difficult to put into words how Bernard of Clairvaux should be described. The “honey-tongued doctor” is a nickname given to him for his eloquent writings on the love of God that have earned him this title on the one hand. He, on the other hand, mobilized soldiers to assassinate Muslim leaders.


1054 East-West Split
1066 Conquest of England by William, Duke of Normandy
1077 Emperor submits to pope over investiture
1090 Bernard of Clairvaux born
1153 Bernard of Clairvaux dies
1173 Waldensian movement begins

However, one thing is certain: 400 years after his death, he was still regularly mentioned by both Catholics and Protestants, both of whom claimed to have his endorsement. Between Gregory the Great and the 1500s, John Calvin believed him to be the most important witness to truth.

And now, his writings continue to lead spiritual lives not just of the order he founded, the Cistercians, but also of men and women from all walks of life, including those who are not Cistercians.

Austere leader

A family of lower nobility raised Bernard on the outskirts of Dijon in Burgundy, where he was born. His parents were both role models of integrity, but it was his mother who had the most effect on him as a child (some speculate only second to what Monica had done for Augustine of Hippo). Her death, which occurred in 1107, marked the beginning of Bernard’s “long journey toward total conversion.” Bernard sought the advice of the abbot of Citeaux, Stephen Harding, and opted to join his struggling, small, fledgling community known as the Cistercians, which was in its early stages of development.

  1. As a result of Bernard’s admiration for the order, he convinced not only his brothers, but also around 25 additional individuals to join him at Citeaux in 1112.
  2. It took him just three years after entering the order to be appointed as abbot of the third Cistercian abbey, which was located at Clairvaux.
  3. “The cooks prepare everything with such skill and cunning that the four or five dishes previously devoured are no barrier to what is to follow, and the hunger is not limited by satiety,” he wrote, mocking the eating habits of other monks.
  4. In response to the dangers of spiritual arrogance, Jesus stated, “There are persons who dress in tunics and have nothing to do with furs, but who lack humility despite the fact that they are dressed in tunics.
  5. By 1118, Clairvaux had been able to establish its first daughter house, which was the first of around 70 Cistercian monasteries built by Bernard (which, in turn, created another 100 monasteries during Bernard’s lifetime).
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World monk

Bernard’s authority and responsibilities rose in tandem with the growth of the order. His desire to live in isolation (he had previously been a hermit) was overshadowed by his being thrown into society for the most of the remaining years of his life. Bernard enjoyed cordial ties with other reforming orders of his day, such as the Carthusians and the Premonstratensians, with whom he shared a same goal. He also penned the Rule of the Knights Templar, a new order of knights who took monastic vows and promised to protect the Holy Land militarily.

  1. Upon reading Peter Abelard’s “It is through questioning that we come to seek and by inquiring that we achieve truth,” and the suggestion that Christ died not to pay a punishment but only to express God’s love, Bernard was appalled and outraged.
  2. ‘I was created a sinner by deriving my existence from Adam; I am made just by being cleansed in Christ’s blood and not by his ‘words and example,” he said of the Parisian, who he labeled a “son of perdition” who “disdains and scoffed” at the death of Christ.
  3. Bernard’s informal political influence grew even stronger once Pope Eugenius III, a former student of Bernard’s, was elected to the Roman Catholic Church.
  4. Eugenius was also admonished by him at the same time “In other words, you have been entrusted with the care of the planet rather than being handed possession of it.

During his travels around Europe, Bernard called on men to join him in the “cause of Christ.” The following is a quote from one of his sermons: “I implore and encourage you not to place your personal interests ahead of the interests of Christ.” However, as a result of squabbling and weak leadership, the crusade was a catastrophe, culminating in a humiliating retreat, and Bernard’s image suffered for the next four years.

Nonetheless, he was revered to the point of being canonized only a little more than two decades after his death.

Mystic pen

More than his reformist zeal and crusade preaching, Bernard is renowned today for his mystical writings, which are considered to be his crowning achievement. One of his most well-known works is On Loving God, in which he explains his aim right at the start: “You’d want me to explain why and how God should be loved, and I understand. My response is that God himself is the reason why he should be cherished.” His second big literary legacy isSermons on the Song of Songs, a collection of 86 sermons on the spiritual life that, in reality, barely indirectly touch on the text of the Song of Songs.

Finally, there are people that desire to know in order to benefit themselves, and this is a wise course of action to take.

Saint Bernard of Clairvaux

Bernard applied for admission to the Cistercian order following the death of his mother in 1547. Three years later, he was assigned to build a new abbey at an isolated clearing in a glen known as the Val d’Absinthe, some 15 km southeast of Bar-sur-Aube. According to legend, Bernard built the monastery on 25 June 1115, christening it Claire Vallée, which grew into Clairvaux. At this location, Bernard would teach a faith that was immediate and in which the Virgin Mary served as an intercessor. Bernard participated at the Council of Troyes in the year 1128, when he helped to sketch down the contours of the Rule of the Knights Templar, who would go on to become the model of Christian nobility for centuries to come.

  • During the Second Council of the Lateran in 1139, Bernard served as a delegate to the election of Innocent III as Pope.
  • Bernard, who had earlier assisted in the abolition of the split within the Church, was now called upon to battle heresy.
  • Bernard was appointed by Pope Urban II to preach the Second Crusade.
  • Bernard felt it was his responsibility to offer an apology to the Pope, and he included it in the second section of his “Book of Consideration” as an appendix.
  • Bernard died on August 20, 1153, at the age of 63, after having spent 40 years in the monastery.
  • “Doctor of the Church,” as Pope Pius VIII dubbed him, was conferred upon him.
  • Bernard’s theology and Mariology continue to be of considerable importance, notably within the Cistercian and Trappist orders, where they are highly revered.
  • They numbered 343 at the time of his death.

It is possible that his views on the Virgin Mary influenced other saints; for example, in the classic text on Mariology known as The Glories of Mary, Saint Alphonsus Liguori based his analysis of Mary as the “Gate to Heaven” on Saint Bernard’s statement: “No one can enter Heaven unless he or she goes through Mary, as if it were through a door.” In Dante Alighieri’s “Divine Comedy,” he is described as Dante’s final guide as he goes into the Empyrean.

Dante’s decision appears to be based on Bernard’s contemplative spirituality, his love to Mary, and his reputation for eloquence.

Saint Bernard’s feast day is celebrated on August 20 in the Roman Catholic Church, and he is also known for his many letters, treatises, and sermons.

He is the patron saint of the Cistercians, Burgundy, beekeepers and candlemakers, as well as Gibraltar and the Knights Templar. He was born in Clairvaux, France, and died in Speyer, Germany, on December 12, 1215.

Saint Bernard Dog Breed Information, Pictures, Characteristics & Facts

It was in Switzerland that the Saint Bernard and numerous other dog breeds had their start, among them the Bernese Mountain Dog, the Entlebuch Cattle Dog, the Appenzell Cattle Dog and the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog. They were most likely developed as a result of a mix between dogs native to the Alps and Mastiff-type canines that were brought with the Roman army during the reign of the emperor Augustus. During the first millennium CE, dogs in Switzerland and the Alps were collectively known as “Talhund” (Valley Dog) or “Bauernhund” (Alpine Dog) (Farm Dog).

  • It is only accessible during these months.
  • In 962 AD, Archdeacon Bernard de Menthon came at this pass, which would later be named after him, and established a hospice to provide assistance to travelers who were exhausted by the difficulty of traversing this perilous route.
  • However, a painting portraying well-built shorthaired dogs that closely resembled Saint Bernards as they are now was drawn in 1695, and it is uncertain when the dogs were originally employed by the Hospice.
  • The hospice monks most likely used the dogs to patrol the grounds at the beginning of their tenure.
  • The monastery’s seclusion is said to have aided in the development of the dogs into a breed that was able to resist harsh winters and possessed the physical qualities required for search and rescue activities.
  • In 1830, the monks sought to enhance the coats of their dogs by crossing them with the thick-coated Newfoundland dog.
  • That was a blunder on my part.

Following that, the monks either gave away or sold any longhaired puppies that they had produced in their flock.

The hospice dogs did not have an official name until the 1800s, despite the fact that they were widely recognized.

He died in 1810.

It was the English who coined the term “Sacred Dogs,” and they imported a large number of them into the country in an effort to revitalize their own Mastiff breed.

As early as 1833, a man named Daniel Wilson proposed that the breed be referred to as the Saint Bernard Dog, and it was subsequently adopted as the breed’s official name in 1880 when the Swiss Kennel Club officially recognized the breed.

As a result of crossbreeding, the Saint Bernards in other nations have become leaner and taller as a result of their genetic makeup.

In 1883, a Saint Bernard by the name of Plinlimmon gained widespread recognition in the United States.

His owner took him on a tour of the country, displaying him in movie theaters.

According to the American Kennel Club, Saints are ranked 39th out of 155 breeds and types that have been recorded.

It is possible to visit the St. Bernard Hospice in Switzerland and still see Saint Bernards. They no longer actively search out travelers in need, but rather serve as living reminders of the hospice movement’s rich heritage.

Saint Bernard of Montjoux – Newman Connection

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  • Centuries:11th Century
  • Patrons:Skiers, Skateboarders, Mountain Climbers, Backpackers, and the Alps
  • Feast Day:May 28th
  • Patron Saints:Skiers, Skateboarders, Mountain Climbers, and the Alps

St. Bernard of Montjoux, also known as St. Bernard of Menthon, was the founder of the venerable Hospice, which provided services to travelers for almost a thousand years until his death. In addition, he was the foundation of the Congregation of the Canons Regular, which has served the Church for the entirety of its existence. It is also the Hospice that is credited with giving origin to the famed breed of dogs known as the St. Bernard, which was named after the Hospice. Bernard was born in 1020, most likely at the Chateau of Menthon, which was a part of the Kingdom of Arles at the time of his birth.

  • After completing his schooling, he made the decision to commit his life to the service of the Church, rejecting an honorable marriage proposal from his father.
  • He was grabbed by Angels and gently lowered to the ground 40 feet below, where he died.
  • Bernard made tremendous progress in his faith under Peter’s leadership, and he was consecrated a priest as a result of his efforts.
  • Bernard was horrified by the fact that the ancient pagan customs were still practiced among the inhabitants of the Alps, and he dedicated his life to converting them.
  • He was said to have performed several miracles.
  • Across the Pennine Alps, there has been a trail from the beginning of recorded history.
  • The typical road across this pass is blanketed in constant snow that is seven to eight feet deep, with drifts of snow piling to heights of more than forty feet at times.

Among Bernard’s responsibilities in his role as Archdeacon were the care of the needy and the transportation of travelers.

His name has now been given to this website.

Bernard Pass, a mountain saddle in the Graian Alps at an elevation of 7, 076 feet above sea level, within a few years of the first.

In honor of St.


Lawrence, where he had been since his conversion.

Bernard Passes, which were named in honor of the founder of these humanitarian institutions, St.

Every season of the year, but notably during strong snow storms, the Canons might be found accompanied by their well-trained dogs, St.

In pursuit of victims who had succumbed to the harshness of the weather or who required aid, they would travel out into the wilderness.

They were reliant on donations and collects to ensure their survival.

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As of 2012, the Congregation has approximately 35 professed members.

Bernard dogs are still kept as pets on the premises, and helicopters are employed in rescue missions.

Bernard until 1681, despite the fact that he had been worshipped since the 12thcentury.

Bernard as the patron saint of the Alps.

Bernard of Montjoux, also known as St.

In addition, he was the foundation of the Congregation of the Canons Regular, which has served the Church for the entirety of its existence.

Bernard, which was named after the Hospice.

He constructed two Hospices to provide food, clothes, and a warm refuge for anyone passing over two of the Alps’ highest passes.

Bernard Pass and the Little St.

Bernard Pass. To hunt for and rescue tired travelers, he and his Order relied on St. Bernard dogs, which they employed to transport them back to the Hospices. Since the 11th century, these dogs have been employed as “rescue” dogs, and they are still in use today, having been named in his honor.

The Spiritual Leadership of St. Bernard of Clairvaux

On August 20, we commemorate the life and death of Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, Doctor of the Church and Abbot of the Monastery. His devotion to contemplation and the supremacy of Scripture, which made him one of the most important religious thinkers of his day, serves as an inspiration to those who follow his path today. The image of St. Bernard may be found at the Mother of Perpetual Help Chapel (far right)

Early Life

When Bernard of Clairvaux was born in 1090, he was the scion of an aristocratic family in Dijon, France. With 31 companions, including four brothers and an uncle, he left home at the age of 22 to join the Cistercian abbey in the mountains of northern Italy. Because the monastery had not recruited new members in many years, they were pleased to have them join them when they arrived. In the years that followed, his father and other brother also decided to follow in their footsteps, and his sister also decided to follow in his footsteps.

It took just five years for the monastery at Clairvaux to grow from its original 30 members to 130.

Over the course of Bernard’s life, the monks at Clairvaux established a total of 68 Cistercian monasteries, all under his direction.

“A Medieval Celebrity”

Bernard traveled around Europe in 1130 to plead for Pope Innocent II, whose election had been contested at the time. Following the election of Innocent II as Pope, a number of high-ranking officials both inside and outside the Church sought advice from Cardinal Bernard. A decade later, he began preaching to students in Paris, plunging himself into the great theological and intellectual conflicts of the day, garnering influence and recognition throughout Western Europe as a result. His outstanding oratory and writing abilities, as well as his extensive understanding of the Bible, no doubt contributed to his notoriety and acclaim.

The pulpit of the Great Upper Church has a portrait of St.

St. Bernard’s Prolific Career

Additionally, Bernard’s private existence was imbued with a deep spirituality, which was the topic of many of his writings. He was also an active public presence. Bernard’s writing is influenced by a range of moods; at times it is rigorous and powerful, at others it is empathetic and encouraging, and at times it is both.

More than three hundred sermons, a slew of letters, and a variety of Scripture-related observations were written by him over his long and productive career. It is no surprise that Dr. Tom Cowan, a historian, has referred to this man of God as “one of the most important men of his century.”

The Legacy of St. Bernard

One of St. Bernard’s most significant contributions was his unrivaled clarity in grasping the fundamental truths of the faith. Moreover, as Pope Benedict XVI has stated: “The riches and merits of his theology do not lie in his having pioneered new paths, but rather in his ability to propose the truths of the faith in a style so clear and incisive that it fascinated those who listened and prepared their souls for recollection and prayer.” Every one of his books has the echoes of a deep internal experience, which he was able to communicate to others via a remarkable ability to persuade others to do the same.

Love, in his opinion, is the most powerful force in the spiritual life.

It is only by being firmly linked to the divine love that we may be saved, even if we have been gravely wounded by original sin and burdened by personal sins.

Where to Find St. Bernard in the Basilica

Along with two other saints who are noted for their Marian preaching, St. Bernard is shown in the Basilica in theMother of Perpetual Help Chapel, as well as in the pulpit of the Great Upper Church, in the Basilica. We should keep in mind, as we reflect on his example of faith, his devotion to Mary’s role in leading the faithful: Look to the star of the sea, and invoke the name of Mary. When you are in peril, in trouble, or in uncertainty, think of Mary and call on her. May her name never be far from your lips, and may her heart never be far from your heart.

In her presence, there is no danger of falling.

In her guidance, there will be no exhaustion.


Butler’s Lives of Saints, edited by Bernard Bangley, and Cowan’s The Way of Saints are excellent resources.

Saint Bernard Dog Breed Information

Consider the following factors when deciding whether to purchase your dog from a breeder or from a shelter or rescue organization. Breeders:

Choosing a Saint Bernard Breeder

Finding a reputable breeder is an excellent method of locating the ideal dog. A competent breeder will match you with the appropriate puppy and will, without a doubt, have completed all of the essential health certificates in order to filter out health concerns to the greatest extent feasible. She is more concerned with placing puppies in appropriate homes than she is with generating a lot of money. Your inquiries regarding temperament, health clearances, and how the dogs are to live with will be warmly welcomed by a good breeder, who will then come back to you with questions of their own about what you’re looking for in a dog and what type of life you can provide him.

  • You can find a good breeder on the Saint Bernard Club of America’s website.
  • Choose a breeder that is willing to serve as a resource for you throughout the life of your dog.
  • If your puppy’s parents have hip and elbow dysplasia, heart illness, or eye issues, all breeders should be able to provide written proof from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animal (OFA) and the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) confirming this.
  • In an ideal world, they will have get OFA thyroid health certification as well.
  • Despite the fact that the majority of Saints have decent temperaments, due of their large size, a breeder who has American Temperament Test Society (TT) certification on her dogs should be chosen over one who does not have certification.
  • Keep in mind that purchasing a puppy from an online store that promises to transport your dog right away can be a dangerous endeavor since it leaves you with little recourse if the puppy you receive is not exactly what you expected.
  • You will save money in the long term as a result.
  • Some warning signs include having pups accessible all of the time, having many litters on the grounds, being able to choose any dog, and the option to pay with a credit card via the internet.
  • Whether you intend to purchase your new best friend from a breeder, a pet store, or any other source, keep in mind the ancient saying “let the buyer beware” when making your decision.

There is no foolproof way to ensure that you will never purchase a sick puppy, but doing your research on the breed (so you know what to expect), inspecting the facility (to identify unhealthy conditions or sick animals), and asking the right questions can reduce the likelihood of ending up in a disastrous situation.

  1. Prices for Saint Bernard puppies vary based on where the breeder is located, whether the pup is male or female, what titles his parents have earned, and if the puppy is best suited for the show arena or a pet home.
  2. In order to provide puppies with a healthy and confident start in life, they should be temperament tested, vetted, dewormed, and socialized early on.
  3. When it comes to puppies, they are a lot of fun, but they demand a lot of time and effort before they can mature into the dog of your dreams.
  4. Adults are preferable since they are more predictable in terms of behavior and health, and they may be obtained from breeders or animal shelters.

If you are interested in obtaining an older dog from a breeder, inquire as to whether they have any retired show dogs available for purchase or if they know of any adult dogs in need of a new home. If you wish to adopt a dog, you should read the information provided below on how to go about it.

Adopting a Dog From a Saint Bernard Rescue or Shelter

In the event that you decide to adopt a dog from an animal shelter or breed rescue organization, you have a plethora of excellent options. Here’s what you need to know to get started. 1. Make use of online resources such as Petfinder.com. a website like andAdopt-a-Pet.com can have you looking for a Saint Bernard in your neighborhood in no time at all. You have the option of being very specific in your requests (for example, the status of your housetraining) or very general (for example, the status of your housetraining) (all the Saint Bernard available on Petfinder across the country).

In addition, some local newspapers have “pets looking for homes” sections that you can look through as well.

Share your search for a specific breed on your Facebook page so that your entire community can serve as your eyes and ears.

Consult with Local Professionals Begin by discussing your desire for a Saint Bernard with as many pet professionals as you can find in your area.

When someone is faced with the difficult decision of giving up a dog, she will frequently turn to her own trusted network for recommendations.

Speak with a Breed Rescue organization.

It is for this reason that breed clubs have rescue organizations dedicated to the care of abandoned dogs.

You can also look for other Saint Bernard rescues in your area by searching online.

Additionally, they frequently provide fostering opportunities, so you could potentially bring a Saint Bernard into your home for a trial period to see how you like it.

The Most Important Questions to Ask After reading this article, you should be aware of the topics to discuss with a breeder; however, there are also some questions you should ask staff or volunteers at a shelter or rescue group before adopting a puppy.

How is he around other animals?

What can you tell me about his personality?

Is he accustomed to living in his own home?

Are there any health issues that have been identified?

Petfinder offers anAdopters Bill of Rightsthat helps you understand what you can consider normal and appropriate when you get a dog from a shelter.

Puppy or adult, a breeder purchase or a rescue, take your Saint Bernard to your veterinarian soon after adoption. Your veterinarian will be able to spot problems and will work with you to set up a preventive regimen that will help you avoid many health issues.

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