When Was Saint Peter Born

St. Peter

St. Peter (who died in the year 65 A.D.) is widely regarded as the leader of Jesus’ 12 Apostles and the first bishop of Rome, according to legend. During a preaching by St. John the Baptist, the two came together and became fast friends. Peter recognized Jesus as the Messiah from the minute he first met him. In the same way, from the time Jesus saw Peter, he knew he would be the rock on which the Church would be built. After the Resurrection, Jesus paid his first visit to St. Peter in the city of Rome.

Thus, Peter became the first in an uninterrupted lineage of leaders in the Catholic Church, known today as popes, who have presided over the church ever since.

Much may be learnt about St.

Early Life

Peter’s given name was Simon, and he was given the name Peter by Jesus when he was born. Peter had reached the age of majority at the time of Jesus’ public ministry. This would place his birth towards the end of the first century B.C., according to the evidence. We know little little about his early life, other than the fact that he was born in the hamlet of Bethsaida in Galilee and that his father was a fisherman. Upon meeting and joining Jesus, he was already married (Mark 1:30), had no formal education (Acts 4:13), and worked the fishing nets with his father and brother Andrew at the lakeside town of Capernaum, where he lived with his father and brother Andrew.

His Times

As far as can be determined, Peter was a member of the Palestinian common people, who were generally considered by the educated Jewish classes to be members of Am harez, the people of the land, rather than of the elite. When applied to persons who were unaware of the nuances and deeper ideals of Judaism as well as the Jewish way of life, this word was used in a pejorative manner. Furthermore, Peter was a Galilean, and as such, he shared the attitude of independence and resistance to Jerusalem that had long been associated with that northern region.

More importantly, in the northern portions of Palestine, which were farther away from the immediate influence of Jerusalem, more revolutionary views were more easily accepted.

It was a time of tension and foreboding in Palestine when Peter reached adulthood in his early twenties in the first century A.D., as a result of the Roman conqueror’s widespread presence and a religious conviction that Israel’s problems would be solved by the arrival of the Jewish Messiah in the near future.

Even after Jesus’ resurrection, Peter and the other disciples continued to question him about when and how he would restore the kingdom of Israel.

Certainly, at least in the beginning, Peter’s connection to Jesus was founded in part on his conviction that Jesus would truly restore the kingdom of Israel and that Peter and the other Apostles would be leaders in the new age.

Association with Jesus

Peter and Andrew were among the first disciples to be picked by Jesus to be among his closest associates and disciples. After that, Peter accompanied Jesus everywhere he went. Peter was given the additional name of Cephas by Jesus, which is an Aramaic appellation that means “rock.” As a result, it was translated into Greek asPetros (from the Greek petra “rock”), which was then translated into Latin Petrus and English Peter. The accounts in the Gospels disagree as to when Jesus bestowed this title on him.

  • He is the first named in all of the lists of these followers that have been provided, and he was present with a select group of people on special occasions, such as when Jesus raised the daughter of Jairus from the dead, when Jesus had a special communication with Moses and Elias on Mt.
  • He is also the first named in all of the lists of these followers that have been provided, and he was present with In the aftermath of Jesus’ resurrection from the grave, Peter was the first of his fellow Apostles to see him.
  • Furthermore, Jesus stated in Matthew 16:17-19 that he would construct his new organization under Peter’s leadership, and committed his followers and believers into his care and protection (John 21:15-19).
  • Throughout the Acts of the Apostles and in the few allusions to Peter that we can discover in Paul’s letters, Peter is accorded the same personality as the rest of the apostles.
  • Approximately 14 years later, it appears that Peter was in charge of the Christian evangelism of the Jews, as opposed to Paul, who was in charge of the evangelizing of the Gentiles, and James, who was the bishop of Jerusalem.
  • He was considered as a leader by the Jewish Sanhedrin, and he was responsible for making the first public plea to the people of Jerusalem concerning Jesus.
  • The apostle Peter got instruction from God and made a favorable choice that was approved by all of the other disciples of Jesus who were there when the Christians faced their first big decision—whether or not to admit non-Jews to their group—around the age of 49.
  • Paul, on the other hand, rebuked Peter for a certain lack of sincerity and even demonstrated his independence from Peter.

In the end, he was captured by Herod and miraculously liberated by an angel of the Lord. He then “abschieded himself and proceeded to another location” (Acts 12:17). After 49, we have no direct record in the Acts regarding Peter, and we have to depend on external witness.

Roman Sojourn

According to what we can gather and infer, Peter held a prominent position in Rome at the time of Nero’s reign, and he was martyred there during that time (37-68). The first piece of evidence comes in the form of a letter sent by Clement in Rome about the year 96. A letter written by Ignatius of Antioch (who died in 110) and a statement made by Gaius, a Roman clergyman, both imply Peter’s presence and power in the city of Rome (ca. 200). Gaius refers of the Vatican Shrine and the “founding fathers” of this church in his writings.

  • There has been no convincing and clear proof of Peter’s presence in Rome, or of his burial under the Vatican, as a result of the Vatican’s archaeological investigations.
  • Corresponding evidence shows that the location served as the last resting place of a venerated individual, and Roman Catholic tradition names that figure as Saint Peter the Apostle.
  • This is a different topic that is dependent on the following growth of the Church and the evolution of its teachings.
  • Peter is credited with writing a number of apocryphal writings that are almost likely from the second century.
  • Apparently, based on Peter’s first of two letters attributed to him, his viewpoint as a Jew and Semite was never impacted by Greek or other non-Jewish ideas.
  • Some of Peter’s views are no longer acceptable in the context of mainstream Christian belief today.

Peter’s Death

In the Gospel of John, we discover that Jesus made a passing reference to the death of St. Peter. As he said, “As you get older, you will stretch out your hands, and someone else will outfit you and transport you to places you do not want to go” (John 21:18). Unfortunately, there is no mention of Peter’s death anywhere in the Bible, which is unfortunate. His death via crucifixion, according to historians of the period, occurred during the reign of Emperor Nero in 64 A.D. When confronted with his predicament, Peter requested that he be crucified upside down.

Following the death of St.

Linus rose to the position of the first Roman Pope of the Catholic Church.

Linus has been uninterrupted since 64 A.D., when the saint was canonized.

For the final of them, it is said that St. Peter accompanied Jesus on a boat that walked on water. Besides meeting all of these requirements, St. Peter is also the patron saint of popes, the city of Rome, fisherman, and lock pickers, among many other professions.

Further Reading on St. Peter

In addition to William T. Walsh’s St. Peter, the Apostle (1948), and Oscar Cullmann’s Peter: Disciple, Apostle, Martyr: A Historical and Theological Study (1993), there are several more biographies of Peter available (trans. 1953). As well as these books, see Jocelyn Toynbee and John Ward-Perkins, The Shrine of St. Peter and the Vatican Excavations(1956), and Engelbert Kirschbaum, The Tombs of Saints Peter and Paul(1956) (trans. 1959).

Additional Biography Sources

Barrett, Ethel, Peter: the narrative of a deserter who rose to become a powerful leader, published by Regal Books in Ventura, California, in 1982. Peter, apostle of opposites, by James T. Dyet, published by Accent Books in Denver, Colorado, in 1982. Saint Peter: a biography, New York: Scribner’s, 1995. Grant, Michael. Saint Peter: a biography. Kit Kittelstad’s latest updates

Saint Peter the Apostle

Frequently Asked Questions

Who was St. Peter?

Simon, formerly known as St. Peter the Apostle, was a disciple of Jesus Christ who died in Rome in the year 64CE. He is revered in the early Christian church as the leader of the 12disciples and is considered by the Roman Catholic Church as the first in an uninterrupted series of popes. At the beginning of Jesus’ career, Peter, a Jewish fisherman, was called to be a follower of Jesus. During his time with Jesus, he was given the name Cephas (from Aramaic Kepa; hence Peter, from Petros, a Greek translation of Kepa).

The man and his position among the disciples

The New Testament contains the only reliable sources of knowledge on Peter’s life, which include the four Gospels, Acts, the letters of Paul, and the two letters that bear the name of Peter, among other things. He was most likely known by his Hebrew given name, Simeon, or by the Greek variant of that given name, Simon, when he was younger. The former is mentioned just twice in the New Testament, but the latter is mentioned 49 times. The Gospel of John 21:15 states that he was addressed as “Simon, son of John” at serious occasions.

  1. Despite the fact that Paul has a strong preference (8 times out of 10) for the Greek transliteration Kphas (Latinized as Cephas) of the Aramaic name or title Kepa, which means “Rock,” the Greek translation Petros appears about 150 times throughout the Gospels and Acts of the Apostles.
  2. His family originally came from Bethsaida in Galilee (John 1:44), but during the time of Jesus’ ministry, Peter lived in Capernaum, at the northwest end of the Sea of Galilee, where he and his brotherSt.
  3. JamesandSt.
  4. Many things about Peter may be gleaned from the New Testament, either openly from the words made by and about Peter, or indirectly through his actions and reactions, which are revealed in a number of situations in which Peter plays a key role.
  5. For example, he first ate with the Gentiles but afterwards refused to do so (Letter to the Galatians, 2:11–14).
  6. Occasionally, he is represented as reckless and hasty (Luke 22:33, for example), or as impatient and capable of tremendous rage (Luke 22:34, for example) (John 18:10).
  7. The New Testament claims that Peter was uneducated in the sense of having had no training in the Mosaic Law (Acts 4:13), and it is dubious that he was conversant in the Greek language.
  8. Even though all of the Gospels agree that Peter was invited to follow Jesus at the beginning of his career, the details of when and where the event occurred are described differently in each Gospel.
  9. In Matthew (4:18–22) and Mark (Gospel According to Mark1:16–20), the call of the four men is mentioned.
  10. It is stated in the Gospel of John (1:28) that the call took place inJudaea, and that Andrew—who had previously been a follower ofSt.
  11. The Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) are most likely right in saying that the summons to Peter was extended in Galilee when Jesus first began his activity in that region, as recorded in the New Testament.

According to John, this passage is perhaps more theologically motivated than historically motivated; the author of John wishes to emphasize that Peter recognized Jesus’ messiahship from the beginning and that Jesus had recognized Simon as the “rock” from their very first meeting, as he has done elsewhere.

  1. For example, in one instance, Matthew and Luke indicate that Peter was the one who questioned Jesus about a parable, while Mark refers these statements to the entire group of disciples who were there (Matthew 15:15; Luke 8:45; and Mark 7:17).
  2. When the disciples are addressed in the Bible, Peter is almost always the first to be mentioned (Matthew 10:2–4, Mark 3:16–19, Luke 6:14–16, Acts 1:13; see only Galatians 2:9 for examples).
  3. Those who were not direct disciples of Jesus respected Peter’s authority as well, as was the case when the collectors of the temple tax contacted him for information about the tax (Matthew 17:24).
  4. Taking the position of both an individual and as a spokesman of the Twelve Apostles, he made a plea for personal preference in the kingdom of Heaven as a recompense for his faithful service on the earth (Matthew 19:27, 28).
  5. Even though the three disciples closest to Jesus (known as the “pillars”—Peter, James, and John) are mentioned in a single occurrence, it is typically Peter who is the only one who is specifically mentioned in that episode.
  6. As recorded in Matthew 8:14, it was Peter’s home in Capernaum where Jesus went to cure his mother-in-law, and it was Peter’s boat that Jesus used when he gave instructions to the throng (Matthew 8:15).
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In the proclamation of Christ as the Son of God (Matthew 16:15–18; Mark 8:29–30; Luke 9:20), it was Peter who exhibited remarkable insight and demonstrated his depth of faith, and it was Peter who rebuked, and in turn was rebuked by, Jesus when the Master predicted that he would suffer and die (Matthew 16:15–18; Mark 8:29; Luke 9:20).

  • The apostle Peter, in his denial of his Lord (Matthew 26:69–75; Mark 14:66–72; Luke 22:54–61), demonstrated the temporary frailty of even the strongest.
  • Last but not least, Peter, who had survived his denial, is given the honor of becoming the first of the Apostles to meet Jesus following the Resurrection (Luke 24:34).
  • John the Apostle, the “Beloved Disciple,” who challenges Peter’s position.
  • The Gospel is a collection of stories about Jesus Christ.
  • Because Peter is stressed in John, and he is given the responsibility of “tend my sheep” and “feed my lambs” (John 21:15, 16), at the same time that the function of all the disciples is deemphasized, this demonstrates the importance of Peter in the early church.

It is possible that one of the reasons of stressing Peter in chapter 21 is an attempt to return the disciple who denied his Lord to the place he held in the Synoptic Gospels before his death.

Saint Peter Facts for Kids

Quick facts for kidsSaint Peter
Saint Peter as PopebyRubens
Ordination byJesus
Personal details
Birth name Shimon or Simeon (Simon)
Born 1 BCBethsaida, Gaulanitis,Syria
Died AD 67 age 68Rome,Italy,Roman Empire
Parents Jonah or John
Occupation Fisherman

Peter (Greek: o, meaning “rock”), sometimes known as Simon (Kephas) Peter is one of the twelve apostles that served under Jesus Christ. In the New Testament, he is a character who is frequently mentioned. The Bible contains the majority of the information we have about Peter. We don’t know exactly when Peter was born. However, his death is believed to have occurred about the year 64 C.E. In Rome, he was put on a cross and died as a result of his actions. Crucifixion is the term used to describe this form of death.

  • The majority of historical texts merely mention that he was crucified.
  • Roman Catholics believe that the Pope is the heir apparent to Peter.
  • The Eastern and Oriental Orthodox churches also recognize the Bishop of Rome as the successor of Saint Peter, and the Ecumenical Patriarch sends a delegation toRome each year to join in the commemoration of his feast day, which is celebrated on August 1.
  • Ignatius of Antioch (To the Romans, Prologue), Rome was positioned first in the taxis (order), and thus the bishop of Rome was the protos (first) among the patriarchs, and the bishop of Rome occupied the first position in the taxis (order).
  • This is an issue that was already interpreted in diverse ways in the first millennium, and it is a matter on which they are at odds.” Peter’s involvement in Rome is still debated today as to whether or not the narratives of his life are historically accurate.
  • According to Mark’s narrative, Peter was married at the time.


For at least 34 years, according to Christian tradition, Saint Peter presided over an early apostolic society as its first head. It was not common practice at the time to refer to the leader of the Roman Catholic Church as “Pope” or “Papa.” There was just one Christian Church in existence at the time. Several centuries later, the Roman Catholic Church would proclaim Peter to be their first Pope. Tradition also places his burial site inVatican City, near the site where St. Peter’s Basilica was subsequently erected.

Other pages

The twelve apostles of Jesus were comprised of the individuals listed below:

  • After Jesus’ death and resurrection, Andrew, Bartholomew, James of Zebedee, John, Jude Thaddeus, Matthew, Philip, Thomas, Judas Iscariot, and Paul were ordained as apostles.

Images for kids

  • Jan Styka’s painting, St. Peter Preaching the Gospel in the Catacombs
  • Giovanni Lanfranco’s painting, The Liberation of St. Peter from Jail, depicts an angel releasing St. Peter from prison. The Apostles Peter and Paul, a detail from a Correggio fresco on the cupola
  • Domine quid vadis? (Domine quo vadis?) by Annibale Carracci (1602)
  • Caravaggio’s The Crucifixion of Saint Peter (1601) is a masterpiece. On the roof of the house, Saint Peter had a vision
  • And Pierre-Étienne Monnot created the statue of St. Peter at the Archbasilica of St. John Lateran. Dirck van Baburen’s painting Saint Peter
  • The icon of Saint Peter, c. 1500
  • Saint Peter with the angel, by Antonio de Bellis
  • The icon of Saint Peter, c. 1500
  • Vasco Fernandes’ painting Saint Peter
  • Francesco del Cossa created a painting of St Peter. Thekeyas a representation of St. Peter
  • The miraculous capture of a fish
  • Eero Järnefelt’s painting of Saint Peter sinking in the water
  • The Chora Church in Istanbul contains a medieval mosaic depicting Saint Peter
  • Icon of Saints Peter and Paul
  • St. Peter, holding a key and a book, as shown in a medieval Welsh manuscript, around 1390–1400
  • St. Paul, holding a key and a book, as represented in a medieval Welsh manuscript, circa 1390–1400
  • In this painting by Bernardo Strozzi (1635), an angel removes Peter’s chains
  • In this painting by Rafael (1515), the Miraculous Draught of Fishes, by Raphael
  • And in this painting by Alessandro Turchi, Saint Agatha (from the 13th century), found within St. Peter’s Basilica, Rome. In this painting by Rafael (1515), an angel removes Peter’s chains. Prisoners were attended to by Saint Peter and an Angel.

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Who is Saint Peter? Everything You Need to Know

a few quick facts Also known as:Simon Peter, Simeon, Simon, Cephas, Peter the Apostle, and Simon Peter the Apostle Country of origin: Roman Empire Bethsaida is where I was born. Saints are well-known as:Saints Male from the ancient Roman era Family:father:Jonahmother:Joan Andrew the Apostle’s brothers and sisters Vatican Hill, in the heart of Vatican City, is the site of death. Lists of recommendations: Lists of recommendations: Saint Peter, also known as ‘Simon Peter,’ was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus and the first Bishop of Rome.

  • Even though the ancient Christian churches believe him to have been the founder of both the Roman Church and the Church of Antioch, there are variations of view regarding the primacy of his contemporary successors.
  • Thousands of people were converted to Christianity by his teachings, and he performed several miracles during his lifetime.
  • As a result, their friendship was strained.
  • Although two general epistles are assigned to Peter in the New Testament, current scholars do not usually recognize the Peterine authorship of these letters.
  • The spurious character of several works produced on his life, including ‘Acts of Peter,’ “Gospel of Peter,” “Preaching of Peter,” “Preaching of Peter,” “Apocalypse of Peter,” and “Judgement of Peter,” prevented them from being included in the Bible’s canon.
  • Choosing his given name was in accordance with Jewish tradition, which is to name all male children after a great patriarch from the Old Testament.
  • As a trade, he was a fisherman, and he resided in the hamlet of Bethsaida, close to the Sea of Galilee.

According to a BBC documentary, living under Roman control during those times was likely to have been tough due to the expensive taxes levied by the government.

The gospels include the majority of the information we have about Saint Peter.

Despite the fact that Peter’s wife’s name is not stated in the instance, it appears that he was married.

“Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men,” Christ is alleged to have said to them.

They soon became his disciples as a result of this.

You Might Also LikePosition Among the DisciplesAccording to the ‘Book of Acts,’ Saint Peter is represented as the first and most renowned of the Twelve Apostles.

To give an example, the Gospel of Luke records that Peter questioned Jesus about one of his parables.

It is reported in the gospels that Peter, together with ‘James the Elder’ and ‘John’, formed a specific group out of the Twelve Apostles, which is not referenced elsewhere.

Peter is portrayed as the central figure in the early Christian society in the ‘Acts of Apostles.’ After Jesus’ resurrection from the grave, he appeared to Peter as the first person to whom he appeared.

According to tradition, Jesus promised him a specific role in the church and regarded him to be “the rock” upon which the church would be built.

The gospels of Mark and John, on the other hand, make no mention of Peter’s participation in any miraculous action of that nature.

According to the four gospels, Jesus promised that Peter would deny his knowledge of him and disavow him before “the rooster crows” the next morning during the Last Supper, which took place the next night.

For the first time, when a female servant of the high priest came across him and accused him of being with Jesus, he refused to acknowledge him.

After going to the doorway and away from the region of the firelight, he received the second refusal from the other party.

Again, John declares, “the rooster crooned.” The second denial is recorded in the Gospel of John when Peter is still sitting near the fire, and there is an assertion that he was seen in the garden of Gethsemane as Jesus was being arrested, according to the Gospel of John.

According to the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, “the rooster crowed” once more.

Luke, on the other hand, disagrees with the third denial, stating that it was only another individual who accused him, rather than a large group of people.

However, after the third time that he questioned Jesus’ claims, he was reminded of the prediction that Jesus had made, which led him to repent and believe in Jesus once again.

The ‘Repentance of Peter’ is the name given to this occurrence.

According to John’s gospel, Peter was the first person to enter the empty tomb of Jesus, despite the fact that the women and his loving followers were the first to see him alive and well.

Peter went to the tomb to check on their story, but all he found were burial cloths.

Read on for more information.

This church, which is located on the shores of the Sea of Galilee, is widely regarded as the location where Jesus Christ first appeared to his followers, establishing Peter as the ultimate authority over the Christian church and establishing Peter’s supreme authority over the Christian church.

  • Because he had witnessed Christ’s resurrection, he rose to prominence among the early believers of Christianity and was instrumental in the formation of the Jerusalem Ekklesia.
  • In contrast, conservative James the Just and his adherents gradually lost power, whilst liberalism was gradually gained by Peter.
  • Paul claims that Peter was given the responsibility of being the apostle to the Jews, just as Paul was given the responsibility of being the apostle to the Gentiles.
  • Peter is claimed to have died on the cross at the age of 64, during the reign of Emperor Nero, according to tradition.
  • He was crucified three months after a fire engulfed the city of Rome, which Nero believed was the result of Christian negligence.
  • Emperor Constantine I made the decision to pay his respects to the martyred saint by erecting a massive basilica in his honor in Constantinople.
  • The feast days of Saint Peter and Saint Paul are celebrated on June 29th and 30th, respectively.
  • The scene in Acts 12:1–17, in which Peter is “released by an angel” and transported to “another place,” according to scholars Warren M.

Smaltz and Donald Fay Robinson, is a romanticized version of his death, according to Smaltz and Robinson. Some theological scholars suggest that Jesus may have died in a Jerusalem jail in 44AD, rather than in Rome, as previously thought.

Pope St. Peter

Peter, the apostle of Jesus Christ, is widely recognized as the world’s first pope and as the founder of the Catholic Church. Saint Peter, Simon, and Simon Peter are some of the other names that have been used to characterize him. In this page, you will discover about Pope Peter’s sainthood as well as some fascinating facts concerning the reign of Pope Peter.

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Early Life

Peter is one of just a handful of popes who are referenced in the Bible. He was known by the names Simon and Simeon when he appeared in the New Testament. In both the Acts of the Apostles and the New Testament, he is described in detail about his life and times. Peter was previously a fisherman who witnessed Jesus cure the mother of his wife, which changed his life. He had a brother named Andrew, with whom he spent a lot of time fishing both before and after he became an apostle. Peter began to follow Jesus shortly afterward and was present at the Last Supper.


The Catholic Church holds that Peter was present at Jesus’ crucifixion and that he denied Him three times during that event. Records also show that he was the first person to see Jesus’ resurrection, according to tradition. Despite the fact that he was only one of the apostles, Peter rose to become the first leader of the Christian Church and the first pope. Some regard Peter to be the Bishop of Rome, while others consider James to be the Bishop of Jerusalem, due to their close collaboration.

Church Founder

Besides being known for his role as Bishop of Rome, Peter is also known as the “Father of the Church.” Paul and the other apostles enlisted his assistance in spreading the message and teachings of Jesus Christ, and he urged them to follow Him. Following the establishment of the first church in Antioch, Peter traveled across the Roman Empire, establishing other churches and gaining new adherents.


Historical scholars continue to debate the death of Pope Saint Peter to this day. Some scholars believe that Peter died in jail somewhere around the year 44, based on a passage in the Bible. His death, according to other historians, occurred much later and that he was crucified in the same manner that Jesus was. His death by crucifixion occurred barely a few months after the city of Rome was devastated by fire, according to the official position of the Catholic Church. One of the earliest popes to name Peter as a martyr was Pope Clement IX in the year 325.

The Emperor Constantine would eventually construct a church known as Saint Peter’s Basilica at the site where the Church interred the pope, which is now known as the Vatican.

Workers discovered bones buried beneath the church in the 1950s, which many historians now believe to be the remnants of his ultimate resting place.

Quick Facts About Pope Peter

In Bethsaida, which was part of Syria and the Roman Empire at the time, Saint Peter was martyred. He was born around the year 1 AD. Peter died between the ages of 64 and 69. The manner in which Peter died has split historians. While some believe he died while imprisoned for his devotion to Jesus, others believe he was crucified.* His pontificate is officially recognized by the Church as having begun in 30 AD and ending in 64 AD.

His first papacy came to an end in 33 AD, while his second ended about 68 AD. Pope St. Linus served as Peter’s successor for a period of time.

Interesting Facts About Pope Peter

*According to the Book of Matthew, Peter is one of the apostles who see Jesus walking on water. He makes an attempt to follow in his footsteps, but only manages a few feet before drowning. As a saint, Peter is commemorated on the same day as Paul the Apostle. In the Catholic Church, the Oriental Orthodox Church, the Lutheran Church, the Anglican Church, and the Eastern Orthodox Church, their feast day is celebrated on June 29. On January 18, he is also honored with the Confession of Saint Peter, and on February 22, he is honored with the Chair of Saint Peter.

  1. Both of these letters are included in the New Testament of the Bible.
  2. * Later artists would employ this famous look in their portraits of Peter, which was initially created in the 4th century by an unknown artist who gave him a distinctive appearance.
  3. In the classic painting Saint Peter Sinking on the Water, Peter is shown clinging on to Jesus as he descends into the water underneath Him.
  4. A total of 11 institutions, including St.
  5. Peter’s School, have been named in his honor.

Apostle Peter Biography: Timeline, Life, and Death

The life of the Apostle Peter is one of the most inspiring examples of a transformed life in the Bible. Consider looking over this chronology and biography of Peter’s life.

Peter’s Life Before Christ

During Jesus’ earthly mission, the Apostle Peter is often considered to have been the most vocal of the twelve apostles. He surely established himself as one of the most outspoken defenders of the faith. His origins were, without a doubt, lowly in nature. He was born around the year 1 B.C. and died somewhere around the year 67 A.D. Simon was the name given to Peter at the time of his birth. Peter’s name was altered by Jesus, who was the one who did it. Peter is derived from the Greek word for “rock,” which is Petra.

  1. The brothers had traveled from the town of Bethsaida to join us (John 1:43, 12:21).
  2. He was also a follower of John the Baptist, according to tradition.
  3. In fact, he felt embarrassed by his depravity while he stood in the presence of Christ (Luke 5:6-8).
  4. Peter renounced his fishing livelihood in order to join Jesus.
  5. The fisherman of the first century were guys who knew their own minds.
  6. Possibly as a result of this, James and his brother John were dubbed “the Sons of Thunder” (Mark 3:17).
  7. They must have been somewhat courageous as well, for some of the storms that pounded the Sea of Galilee in a short period of time were violent and terrible.
  8. Despite the fact that Peter had a habit of sticking his foot in his mouth, one thing you could say about him was that when Jesus instructed them (Peter and Andrew) to “follow me,” they just went away and abandoned all they owned without a second thought (Luke 5:9-1).

In today’s world, how many people would be prepared to abandon their own businesses in order to follow Someone who had just requested them to do so?

Peter’s Life with Christ

As previously stated, Peter was one of the first disciples to be summoned by Jesus, and he was typically their spokesperson — whether for good or for ill. One of the things that he is credited with is the unique insight that he had on the identity of the Messiah, Jesus. Peter was the first to refer to Jesus as the Son of the Living God – the Messiah – in the New Testament (Mark 8:29, Luke 9:20, Matt. 16:16-17). When Jesus summoned him, Peter recognized that He was a representative of God, yet he felt unworthy to be in Jesus’ company (Luke 5:6-8).

  1. Peter was fearless, yet he was frequently in the wrong.
  2. 16:21-22).
  3. As a result of his presence at the many miracles performed by Jesus, Peter was also there when the Shekhinah Glory was shown, together with John and James, during the Transfiguration.
  4. 17:1-9).

Peter the Disciple to the Apostle Peter

A disciple is defined as a “follower of,” and that is exactly what the majority of Christians are today. An apostle is defined as “one who has been sent forth” in the sense of having been sent forth by God to proclaim the gospel of Jesus Christ. The scriptural definition of an apostle, as well as the only ones who are referred to as apostles in the New Testament, required them to have either been with Jesus throughout His earthly ministry (as the disciples) or to have witnessed the resurrected Christ (as the apostles) (as did Paul who was taught three years in the desert by Jesus Christ Himself).

24), he issues the Great Commission, which is a commission or charge to them (Matt.

According to Acts 1:8, this is the very last thing that Jesus tells them, and it is at this time that the disciples (followers of Christ) are elevated to the position of apostles (those sent forth).

In the aftermath of Christ’s ascension to His right hand of the Father and taking up His seat there (signifying that His earthly mission was completed – save for via the apostles), He dispatched them to preach the message of the Kingdom of God to all peoples on the face of the planet.

He was considered to be one of the most fearless apostles of all time. He cheerfully endured persecution, incarceration, and beatings, and he even took pleasure in the fact that he had earned the right to incur humiliation for the cause of the Lord (Acts 5:41).

The Gospel of Mark or of Peter?

According to church tradition and early church historians, the Gospel of Mark is in fact the Gospel of Peter. This is incredibly trustworthy evidence. For most of his latter life, Peter is claimed to have dictated his discipleship with Jesus to John Mark, who was a close friend and companion to him throughout his life. The details of what appears to be an eyewitness account from Peter’s point of view may be seen in great detail if you read the Gospel of Mark. John Mark was never a follower of Jesus, and he was certainly never an apostle of Jesus.

The fact that Mark was not there during Jesus’ ministry, as well as the exceedingly personal details that are detailed in Mark, provide as evidence for this claim.

When you read the Gospel of Mark, think about Peter and see if you can’t see more clearly the awareness that this had to be Peter’s eyewitness account — an account that only Peter could relate – when you consider the context of the story.

Peter’s Glorious Ending

Almost all of the apostles had been killed in the days preceding up to Peter’s execution, and this was the final straw. Peter’s crucifixion was predicted by Jesus when He stated, “When you are old and wrinkled and wrinkled and wrinkled and wrinkled and wrinkled and wrinkled and wrinkled” (John 21:18-19), but did Jesus genuinely prophesy Peter’s death by crucifixion? According to the church historians Tertullian, Origen, and Eusebius, Peter’s wrists were spread out in front of him, he was dressed in prison attire, he was carried to a place where no one desired to go (a crucifixion), and he was nailed to a cross.

From being an arrogant, confident, thunderous guy, he transformed into a humble, willing, and obedient servant of the Lord, even to the point of death.

After 65 years on this planet, his final three decades were devoted to sharing the gospel of Jesus Christ to all who would hear him preach.

David became king at the age of thirty, which is considered to be the zenith of one’s mental and physical capabilities.

In the process, the poor fisherman transformed into a tremendous fisher of men – and one who altered and moulded the world forever, and who is still proclaiming the Gospel of Jesus Christ today via his gospel (written by Mark), the book of Acts, and the epistles of 1 and 2 Peter.

Who is your favorite Bible character? Let us know in the comments!

– Britt Nicole’s song “Walk on Water” is available as a resource. Photograph courtesy of V. Gilbert and Arlisle F. Beers Tagged as:Apostle Peter, Apostle Peter Death, Apostle Peter Life, Peter Biography, Peter Timeline, Apostle Peter

Saint Peter

Peter, also known as Saint Peter (1-67 AD), was one of Jesus Christ’s Twelve Apostles and the first Pope, reigning from 30 AD to 67 AD. He was born as Simon Peter (precedingPope Linus). When Jesus informed Peter that he would build his church on Peter’s rock (the Latin word for rock is “Petrus”), he designated Peter as his successor. After being beheaded in 64 AD under the reign of Nero, Peter preferred to be crucified upside-down rather than die in the same manner as Jesus, and he was the first Christian martyr to do so.


The crucifixion of Peter Peter was a fisherman from Bethsaida, which is located on the eastern shore of Lake Tiberias (in the Golan Heights of Syria), and he was introduced to Jesus Christ while he was teaching his new religion to the people of Judaea, according to the Bible. He was one of the Twelve Apostles, and he was one of the most important disciples of Jesus, and he was instrumental in the development of Christianity. He did, however, deny knowing anything about Jesus three times the day before his crucifixion, as Jesus had prophesied, yet he was the first person to visit Jesus’ tomb after his death.

His efforts were essential in spreading the new religion, despite the Roman emperors’ disapproval of individuals who adhered to the teachings of Jesus.

He was killed by crucifixion with Paul the Apostle in 67 AD.

Peter is one of the most well-known saints, in part because he was the first Pope, but also because of his devotion to Jesus and his grief over his execution.


Peter as a child

St. Peter – Saints & Angels

Pius IX, also known as Simon Peter of Cephas, is often regarded as the founding father of the Catholic Church. Contrary to popular belief, Peter was born into a lowly family and rose to become one of Jesus’ Twelve Apostles. Simon son of Jonah was ordained by Jesus in the “Rock of My Church,” which is recorded in Matthew 16:17-18 and reads, “Jesus said, ‘Simon son of Jonah, you are a blessed man! Because it was not a human agency that revealed this to you, but rather my heavenly Father who revealed it to you.

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And the gates of the underworld will never be able to overcome it.” His father, Jonah, was from Bethsaida, a town near Lake Tiberias, and he was Peter’s father.

The Bible tells the story of how the brothers came to meet Jesus in Luke chapter 5, which states: “Now it happened that he was standing one day by the Lake of Gennesaret, with the crowd pressing around him listening to the word of God, when he caught sight of two boats at the water’s edge, and he went over to them and asked what they were doing there.” The fishermen had gotten out of their boats and were rinsing their nets in the river.

He went into one of the boats, which happened to be Simon’s, and requested him to take it out a bit further from the beach. Then he took a seat and began teaching the multitudes from the boat.

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Help Now As soon as he had done speaking, he told Simon to “go out into deep water and pay out your nets in hopes of catching anything.” When Simon heard this, he answered, ‘Master, we worked hard all night and didn’t catch anything, but if you say so, I will pay for the nets.’ And after they were finished, they had caught such a large quantity of fish that their nets were beginning to rip, so they signaled to their comrades in the other boat to come and assist them, and when they arrived, they had filled both boats to the point of sinking them.

When Simon Peter realized what had happened, he dropped to his knees before Jesus, pleading, ‘Leave me, Lord; I am a wicked man.’ Because he and all of his comrades were absolutely taken aback by the capture they had made; so, too, were James and John, sons of Zebedee, who were Simon’s partners in the venture.

  1. Peter is infamous for having “little faith,” despite the fact that he was one of the first disciples to be called to join Jesus and subsequently became the group’s spokesperson.
  2. When Jesus’ disciples advised him to tell everyone to go to the villages for meals at the end of the day, he performed a miracle and made five loaves of bread and two fish feed the group of five hundred people, his disciples were amazed and believed him.
  3. After saying goodbye to the hordes of people, he went to the hills and prayed alone for a while.
  4. His disciples were terrified when they saw Jesus walking on the water, but Jesus shouted to them and said, “Courage!
  5. “Do not be alarmed.” “Lord,” Peter said in response.
  6. “Lord, rescue me!” He screamed as soon as he observed the wind blowing in his direction.
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This is only one of a slew of stories that include Peter and Jesus.

According to John 18:10-12, “Simon Peter, who was armed with a sword, drew it and attacked the high priest’s servant, severing his right ear from its socket.” Malchus was the name of the servant.

‘Am I not to drink the cup that the Father has given me?’ Jesus inquired.

The Savior had foreseen this denial during the Last Supper, and it was reported in Mark 14:18-31: In the midst of their meal, Jesus revealed to them that “one of you is about to betray me, one of you who is dining with me,” he stated.

Then he told them that it was one of the Twelve, one of the Twelve who was dipping his fork into the same dish as him.

“It would have been better for that man if he had never been born.” And as they were eating, he took the bread and, after saying the blessing, he broke it and handed it to the group of people.

When he had finished giving thanks, he offered the cup to them and they all drank from it.

Jesus told them, “You will all slip away because the text states, “I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be dispersed,” but that after his resurrection “I will go before you into Galilee.” ‘Even if everything falls apart, I will not,’ Peter said.

“And they were all the same,” he said.

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It is written that he denied these things in Mark 14:66-72: When Peter was down in the courtyard below, one of the high priest’s servant-girls came up to him and introduced herself.

He, on the other hand, disputed it.

When the servant-girl noticed him, she immediately began informing the onlookers, ‘This man is one of them.

After a little while, the onlookers themselves said to Peter, ‘You are most definitely one of them!

“However, he began yelling and screaming, saying, ‘I am not familiar with the individual you speak about.'” At that moment, the cockroach crowed for the second time, and Peter remembered what Jesus had told him: ‘Before the cockroach crows twice, you will have disowned me three times.’ And the cockroach crowed for the third time.

Following Christ’s crucifixion and resurrection, it was Peter who was the first to enter the tomb after it had been found empty.

In the first place, the tradition I passed on to you was one that I had myself received: Christ died for our sins, according to the Scriptures, and was buried; and on the third day, according to the Scriptures, he was raised to life; and that he appeared to Cephas, and later to the Twelve; and then he appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers at the same time, the vast majority of whom are still with us, though some have fallen asleep; and that he appeared to Following his resurrection, Christ appeared in front of his followers on a number of occasions.

  1. It is recorded in John 21:12-23 that Peter is given three chances to confess his love for Jesus, and each time he affirms his commitment to Jesus’ cause.
  2. ‘Who are you?’ asked none of the disciples, who were too afraid to inquire.
  3. “Jesus then walked up, took the bread and distributed it to everyone, as well as the fish.” This was the third time that Jesus appeared to the disciples following his resurrection from the dead, and it was the most significant.
  4. When he approached Jesus, he was told, “Feed my sheep.” For the second time, he addressed him directly, asking, “Simon son of John, do you love me?” ‘Yes, Lord, you know how much I love you,’ he said.
  5. Finally, after the second and third times, he addressed him directly, saying, “Simon son of John, do you love me?” As a result of being hurt, Peter questioned him a third time, ‘Do you love me?’ and replied, ‘Lord, you know everything; you know I love you.’ Peter was certain.

When you were younger, you placed your own belt on and walked anywhere you wanted; but when you get older, you will stretch out your hands and someone else, with a belt around their waist, and drag you somewhere you would rather not go.'” In these statements, Jesus alluded to the type of death that Peter would undergo in order to bring glory to God.

He turned to see the disciple whom Jesus cherished following them, the same disciple who had leant back close to his breast at the meal and had asked him, ‘Lord, who is it that would betray you?’ As soon as he saw him, Peter asked Jesus, ‘What about him, Lord?’ If I want him to stay behind until I return, what difference does it make to you?’ Jesus responded.

Nonetheless, Jesus had not declared to Peter, ‘He will not die,’ but rather, ‘If I want him to stay behind until I arrive,'” Jesus continued.

After Jesus gave Peter three chances to follow Him, Peter was able to put his three prior denials into perspective with the three proofs of love that Jesus gave him.

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  • Demonstrate to the rest of the world that you value access to Catholic education.
  • Help Now In the immediate aftermath of Christ’s ascension, Peter was unquestionably the undisputed leader of the Apostles, as the book of Acts plainly demonstrates.
  • Peter had an important role in the spread of the Gospel among the Gentiles.
  • There are so many stories about Peter that it is practically hard to cover all of his accomplishments in one article.
  • He had already began persecuting individual members of the church and had James, the brother of John, executed as a result of this policy.

As reported in Acts 12:4-11: “Because he had arrested him during the days of Unleavened Bread, he threw him in jail, assigning four sections of four soldiers each to watch him, with the intention of putting him on trial in public after the Passover.” “During the entire time Peter was under surveillance, the congregation continued to pray unceasingly to God for him.” During the night before Herod planned to bring him before the court, Peter slept between two soldiers who were chained together with two chains, while guards kept watch at the prison’s main entrance.

As abruptly as it happened, an angel of the Lord appeared and the cell was bathed in illumination.

His words were ‘Get up!’ and ‘hurry!’, and the shackles slipped from his grasp.'” ‘Put on your belt and sandals,’ the angel instructed.

They went through the first guard post, then the second, until they arrived at the iron gate that led into the city center.

It was only at that point that Peter realized who he was.

In his first Epistle, Jesus made a passing mention to the Eternal City by remarking that he is writing from Babylon.

Origen, Eusebius of Caesarea, St.

Ignatius, and St.

It is said that Peter was crucified upside down on the Vatican Hill because he deemed himself unworthy of dying in the same manner as the Lord, according to centuries of tradition.

Despite the steep slope of Vatican Hill, Emperor Constantine I erected a massive basilica over the location of Peter’s tomb in the early fourth century.

The Pope, according to a letter, sent a cross with filings from Peter’s chains to the queen of Oswy, Anglo-Saxon King of Northumbria in 665, along with unnamed relics of Peter and other gifts.

Peter’s Basilica in 1950, and many people believed they belonged to the apostle Peter himself.

Peter’s tomb, which had his old name of Simon, as well as the tombs of the other apostles, Mary, and Jesus, among other things.

Peter’s Basilica was re-examined and found to include the remains of a male person, which was recognized as such.

On November 24, 2013, during a Mass conducted in St.

While Peter’s main feast day is June 29, he is also commemorated on the 22nd of February and the 18th of November. As an older man, he is shown in liturgical art, clutching a key and a book in his hands. His emblems include an inverted crucifix, a boat, and a cockroach, among others.

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