When Was Saint Nicholas Born

Saint Nicholas

From c.301 to c.400, the civilization flourished. Myra Frequently Asked Questions

Who is Saint Nicholas?

Known variously as Nicholas of Myra and Nikolas of Bari, (flourished 4th century in Myra, Lycia, Asia Minor; Western feast day December 6; Eastern feast day December 19), St. Nicholas is one of the most popular minor saints commemorated in both the Eastern and Western churches, and is traditionally associated with the festival of Christmas. On the 6th of December, known as St. Nicholas Day, children in many nations receive gifts. He is considered to be one of the patron saints of children and sailors.

Historically, he was born at the ancient Lycian seaside city of Patara and journeyed to Palestine and Egypt as a child, according to legend.

  1. He was imprisoned and most likely tortured during the persecution of Christians by the Roman emperor Diocletian, but he was liberated under the administration ofConstantine the Great after a long period of imprisonment.
  2. After his death, his remains were interred in his church at Myra, where his shrine had become widely renowned by the sixth century.
  3. This move dramatically raised the saint’s fame across Europe, and Bari quickly became one of the most busy pilgrimage destinations on the continent.
  4. The dating of one such relic fragment, a bit of hip bone from a church in the United States, was validated in 2017 by scholars, who determined that it belonged to the 4th century.
  5. Nicholas, bishop of Myra, and the gift-giving Santa Claus of the holiday season.
  6. Nicholas, bishop of Myra, and his life and times.
  7. is a publishing company that publishes encyclopedias.

Nicholas’s reputation for generosity and charity gave birth to traditions of miracles that he performed for the impoverished and destitute, which he shared with his followers.

During the Middle Ages, Nicholas was revered across Europe, and his devotion was widespread.

The emperor Justinian I of Rome erected a church to him in Constantinople (now Istanbul) as early as the 6th century, one of thousands of churches dedicated to him throughout Europe.

Nicholas, c.

Photographs courtesy of PHOTOS.com/Getty Images Plus After the Reformation, devotion to Nicholas faded away in all Protestant nations of Europe, with the exception of Holland, where his legend endures under the name Sinterklaas (St.


As a result of the country’s English-speaking majority adopting the moniker Santa Claus, Sinterklaas’s legendary narrative of a kind elderly man was combined with old Nordic folktales of a magician who punished misbehaving children and rewarded good children with gifts.

He has been the patron saint of the gift-giving celebration of Christmas ever since.

In the United Kingdom, Santa Claus is referred to as Father Christmas instead of Santa Claus. Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica Melissa Petruzzello was the author of the most recent revision and update to this article.

Saint Nicholas

It is believed that Saint Nicholas was a Christian bishop who cared for the impoverished and ill, and he served as inspiration for the iconic figure of Santa Claus.

Who Was Saint Nicholas?

Saint Nicholas was a Christian bishop who devoted his life to assisting the poor. Following his death, the tale of his gift-giving spread even farther. Saint Nicholas was converted into the renowned persona known as Santa Claus, who is responsible for delivering Christmas gifts to children all over the world.

Early Life

Saint Nicholas was born about the year 280 in Patara, Lycia, which is now a part of the modern-day Turkish Republic. The young man lost both of his parents when he was a small boy. He apparently utilized his fortune to assist the destitute and sick. He was a pious Christian who ultimately rose to the position of bishop of Myra, which is today known as Demre.


Saint Nicholas of Myra is the subject of several stories and folklore. One narrative talks of him assisting three impoverished sisters. Their father did not have enough money to pay their dowries and contemplated selling them into slavery in order to supplement his income. A total of three times, Saint Nicholas made a surprise visit to their home at night and left a bag of money at the door. The money was used by the guy to arrange for one of his daughters to marry. The guy saw Saint Nicholas on his third visit and expressed his gratitude to him for his generosity.

Death and Legacy

Saint Nicholas is supposed to have died on December 6, 343 according to a number of different accounts. His miracles and charitable work for the poor expanded throughout the world as word of his miracles and charitable work for the destitute spread. He gained notoriety as a defender of children and seafarers, and he was also linked with the distribution of gifts. At least until the Reformation in the 1500s, he was a popular saint throughout Europe. The Reformation was a theological movement that resulted in the foundation of Protestantism, which rejected the practice of honoring religious figures such as saints.

  • The Dutch continued to commemorate the feast of Saint Nicholas, which took place on December 6.
  • They would find the presents that Saint Nicholas had left for them when they woke up the next morning.
  • While in America, Saint Nicholas underwent several transformations: Sinterklaas became Santa Claus, and instead of presenting presents on December 6, he became an integral part of the Christmas season.
  • Santa Claus, as seen in an 1881 painting by cartoonist Thomas Nast, contributed to the tradition of Saint Nicholas by donning a red outfit with white fur trim.
  • In 2017, a team from the University of Oxford radiocarbon tested a piece of a pelvic bone that was thought to have belonged to Saint Nicholas.
  • The results of the test indicated that the bone fragment, which belonged to an American priest, belonged to the saint’s time period.

When the bone was identified, archaeologists wanted to compare it to other bones that had been attributed to Saint Nicholas, including those that had been held in a crypt at Bari, Italy, since the 11th century.

Fact Check

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The story of St. Nicholas and the birth of Christmas

While working on an outside wall of my house recently, I turned on the radio only to listen to folks phone in and speak with the show’s host. One caller expressed his dissatisfaction with the fact that during the Christmas season, people pay more attention to Santa Claus than they do to the birth of Jesus. Using this as evidence, he said that “we” had allowed secularism — and perhaps even paganism — to infiltrate the Christmas custom. The presenter merely listened politely, thanked the caller, and then moved on to the next caller on the line.

  1. Santa Claus is based on a historical figure, and the character has been around for a long time.
  2. He was born on March 15, 270, at the city of Pataya, in the region of Lycia, which is now part of modern Turkey.
  3. Nicholas was the only child of affluent Greek parents who perished in an epidemic when he was a youngster.
  4. Having inherited considerable fortune from his parents, Nicholas was raised by his uncle, the Bishop of Patara (also called Nicholas), who prepared him for the priesthood.
  5. Because of his outspoken opinions, he was persecuted by the Romans and imprisoned during Diocletian’s reign of terror in the fifth century.
  6. The period was often referred to as the “Great Persecution.” In 303, four emperors promulgated a series of dictatorial decrees that effectively abolished whatever legal rights that Christians could have had under Roman law.
  7. This persecution was intense, and it was most pronounced in the British colonies, where the Empire had the least amount of influence over the population.

Nicholas was imprisoned for around five years because he refused to worship the Roman gods.

The persecutions came to an end in 313 with the ascension of Constantine to the throne.

When it comes to “Christianizing” the Roman Empire, Constantine is most remembered for renaming all of the Mythraic and so-called “pagan” celebrations so that they could all now be considered as Christian holidays out of necessity.

His invitation to the First Assembly of Nicaea in 325, the renowned council where much of contemporary Catholic theology was established, was extended to him a few years later, and he accepted.

He is the 151st person to attend the meeting, according to the agenda.

This belief was held by Arius of Alexandria, who believed that the Son of God did not always exist, but that he was made by the Father.

According to legend, Nicholas became so enraged at Arius that he began fighting with him, hitting him in the face!

Is it possible that Proto-Santa Claus punched a fellow member of the cloth?

When he returned to his own nation, Nicholas earned a reputation as a charitable bishop.

In my opinion, Nicholas was a person who fully exemplified the teachings of early Christianity, and hence someone in whom the church should take the greatest amount of pride.

He appeared to be modest and didn’t want to be seen giving money to others, so he went about his business in secret.

According to legend, this is the origin of the practice of advising youngsters to go to bed or that Santa would not visit.

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Nicholas stuffed some gold inside the stockings that the girls had hung by the fire to dry while they were away.

Additionally, he was well-known for the presents that he provided to newlywed couples during the already well-established Christmas season.

Nicholas was a complicated individual who was a part of the new Catholic tradition that celebrated the birth of Jesus on the already-observed winter solstice, which was a part of the new Catholic tradition.

Nicholas died on December 6, 343 and his death is commemorated as “St.

He was laid to rest in the Cathedral of Myra upon his death.

By the year 450, churches in Greece and Asia Minor were being dedicated to Saint Nicholas as a mark of respect.

By the 1200s, the 6th of December had come to be known as Bishop Nicholas Day in France.


Nicholas by the Dutch, and this is the most likely way in which the term “Santa Claus” came to be associated with St.

As a result of this transformation, St.

Even the Superman narrative, come to think of it, was adapted from Odin’s tale.


Nicholas-Santa Claus for the world to see.

Today, the figure you see in the mall is a modern condensation of truth and myth, embodying the generosity of one Catholic bishop, elements of the mythology of Odin, and the good will of all others who give presents in his place – even parents.

Visit his website, SchoolofSelf-Reliance.com, for more information on his books and workshops. You may also write to him at PO Box 41834, Eagle Rock, California, 90041.

Santa Claus

Santa Claus, also known as Saint Nicholas or Kris Kringle, has a rich and illustrious history that is immersed in Christmas customs. Although he is best known today as the cheerful guy in red who distributes gifts to good girls and boys on Christmas Eve, Saint Nicholas’s history dates back to the 3rd century, when he roamed the earth and was designated as the patron saint of children by Pope Nicholas I. More information is available on the history of Santa Claus, from his earliest origins to the shopping mall Santas of today.

The Legend of St. Nicholas: The Real Santa Claus

It is possible to trace the origins of Santa Claus back hundreds of years to a monk by the name ofSt. Nicholas. A.D. 280 at Patara, near Myra, which is now part of Turkey. It is thought that Nicholas was born there somewhere about this period. St. Nicholas, who was widely loved for his devotion and charity, became the focus of several stories. Some claim that he spent his whole inheritance on charitable endeavors, including visiting needy and ailing people on his travels around the country. St.

  • Nicholas’s popularity grew throughout time, and he came to be renowned as a defender of children and mariners around the world.
  • Making major purchases or getting married on this day was traditionally regarded to be a positive omen.
  • Nicholas had risen to the top of the religious hierarchy in Europe.
  • Nicholas’ reputation remained favorable, particularly in the Netherlands, even after the Protestant Reformation.
  • Nicholas and What Was His Mission?

Sinter Klaas Comes to New York

Towards the close of the 18th century, St. Nicholas made his first forays into popular culture in the United States of America. An article in a New York newspaper indicated that groups of Dutch families had congregated to commemorate the anniversary of his death in December 1773 and again in December 1774. In Dutch, Nick was known by the moniker Sinter Klaas, which is a shortened version of the name Sint Nikolaas. The term Santa Claus sprang from this nickname (Dutch for Saint Nicholas). In 1804, during the annual meeting of the New York Historical Society, John Pintard, a member of the society, handed woodcuts of St.

  1. Stockings packed with gifts and fruit draped above a fireplace decorate the backdrop of the etching, which is now widely recognized as belonging to Santa Claus.
  2. Nicholas as the patron saint of the city of New York.
  3. Since the holiday’s resurgence in the early nineteenth century, gift-giving has played a prominent role in the celebration, with the majority of gifts being directed toward children.
  4. Stores began advertising Christmas shopping around 1820, and by the 1850s, newspapers were producing special sections for holiday commercials.
  5. It was only a matter of time before retailers began luring youngsters and their parents into their stores with the promise of a glimpse of a “real” Santa Claus.
  6. They began by dressing up jobless guys in Santa Claus outfits and dispatching them onto the streets of New York to seek money from passing motorists.
  7. Watch this video to see what shopping was like in the 1950s.
  8. During the film’s production, a young Natalie Wood played a small child who believes Kris Kringle (played by Edmund Gwenn, who was nominated for an Academy Award for his performance) when he claims to be the actual Santa Claus.

Since its inception in 1924, the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade has featured almost every Macy’s Santa, and fans of all ages continue to queue up to meet him in New York City and at Macy’s stores across the country, where they can pose for photos on Santa’s lap and tell him what they want for Christmas.

PUBLICATIONS: Vintage Photographs from The Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade SEE MORE:

‘Twas the Night Before Christmas

A Christmas poem for his three daughters, written in 1822 by Episcopal priest Clement Clarke Moore, entitled “An Account of a Visit from St. Nicholas,” which has become known as “‘Twas the Night Before Christmas,” was written by Clement Clarke Moore in 1822 for his three daughters. In part because of the frivolous nature of the subject matter of Moore’s poem, which he was first hesitant to publish, our current picture of Santa Claus as a “right jolly old elf” with a portly body and the miraculous ability to ascend a chimney with a simple nod of his head came into being.

With “An Account of a Visit from St.

In 1881, political cartoonist Thomas Nast drew inspiration from Moore’s poem to develop the first depiction of Santa Claus that is comparable to our present image.

Nast is the one who provided Santa with his brilliant red coat trimmed with white fur, the North Pole workshop, the elves, and his wife, Mrs.

Santa Claus Around the World

Santa Claus, as he was known in eighteenth-century America, was not the only gift-giver who drew inspiration from St. Nicholas to come at Christmastime. Identical figurines and Christmas customs can be seen in other parts of the world. Christkind, also known as Kris Kringle, was believed to provide gifts to well-behaved youngsters in Switzerland and Germany. Christkind, which literally translates as “Christ kid,” is an angel-like figure that frequently travels with St. Nicholas on his Christmas trips.

Father Christmas is said to visit each home on Christmas Eve to fill the stockings of the children with festive sweets, according to English legends.

Throughout Italy, there is a legend about a woman known as La Befana.

MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: Meet Krampus, the Christmas Devil who punishes children who have been misbehaving.

Christmas Traditions in the United States

In the United States, Santa Claus is frequently shown as flying from his home to his home on Christmas Eve, delivering presents to the youngsters in his care. He is accompanied by his magical sleigh and reindeer, who include Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Donner, Blitzen, and Rudolph, who is the most well-known of them all. Santa enters each home through the chimney, which is why empty Christmas stockings—once empty socks, but now often dedicated stockings made specifically for the occasion—are “hung by the Chimney with care, in hopes that St.

  1. Santa enters each home through the chimney, which is why empty Christmas stockings—once empty socks, but now often dedicated stockings made specifically for the occasion—are “hung by the Chimney with Stockings can be stuffed with candy canes, other sweets, or miniature toys for the holidays.
  2. Claus, as youngsters write letters to Santa Claus and watch Santa’s movement around the world as he travels around the world.
  3. Santa Claus maintains a “naughty list” and a “good list” to select who should get gifts on Christmas morning, and parents frequently refer to these lists as a means of ensuring that their children are acting in the best interests of the family.
  4. Santa Claus is on his way to town.

He can see you even when you are sleeping. He knows when you’re awake and when you’re asleep. He can tell if you’ve been terrible or good, so do your best to be good for goodness sake! MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: It Was During World War II That Santa Claus Was Deployed

The Ninth Reindeer, Rudolph

It took more than a century for Rudolph, the “most renowned reindeer of them all,” to be born, more than 100 years after his eight flying colleagues. Robert L. May, a copywriter for the Montgomery Ward department store, was the brains behind the invention of the red-nosed marvel. In 1939, May created a story-poem about Christmas to help get customers into his business during the holiday season. May presented the narrative of Rudolph, a young reindeer who was harassed by the other deer because of his enormous, bright red nose, in a rhyme pattern similar to Moore’s “‘Twas the Night Before Christmas,” in which he was teased by the other deer because of his large, shining red nose.

Rudolph’s message, which said that if given the opportunity, a liability may be transformed into an asset, was well received.

After being reprinted in 1946, the book went on to sell more than three and a half million copies worldwide.

Gene Autry recorded the song, which went on to sell more than two million copies.

The History of How St. Nicholas Became Santa Claus

It doesn’t take a genius to figure out where Santa Claus comes from: the North Pole. His historical excursion, on the other hand, is both lengthier and more amazing than his yearly, one-night round of the world. A mythology of Santa Claus developed across northern Europe, and he ultimately took on his current appearance on the coasts of the New World, where he was born in the Mediterranean during the Roman Empire. Who is this progenitor of Santa Claus, and how has he changed over history? For further information, see “Christmas in July—Inside a Santa Summer Camp.”

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Jolly Old St. Nicholas?

Every year on December 6, the faithful gather in towns all over the world to commemorate St. Nicholas Day, with the major celebrations taking place in Europe. While there are many different depictions of St. Nicholas, none of them look anything like the red-cheeked, white-bearded elderly guy who may be found everywhere today. Modern forensic face reconstruction techniques were used to produce one of the most striking depictions of the genuine St. Nick, who lived in the third and fourth centuries and lived in the third and fourth centuries.

  1. Nicholas’s remains continues to this day, but it has long been believed that the bones of the Greek bishop were stolen by Italian sailors during the 11th century and transported to the crypt of the Basilica di San Nicola on the Italian coast’s southeast coast.
  2. ” Could the Remains of Santa Claus Be in This Turkish Church?” (For speculations on other probable resting sites for St.
  3. Wilkinson gave Santa’s original namesake a human face, one with a terribly damaged nose, which may have occurred during the persecution of Christians under the Roman Emperor Diocletian, according to historical accounts.
  4. Two-dimensional data was used to reconstruct the size and shape of the facial muscles that originally covered Nicholas’s skull, and three-dimensional data from two-dimensional data was used to reconstruct the shape of Nicholas’s skull itself.

When working from photographs, Wilkinson admits that “we are bound to have lost some of the level of detail you would get from working from life,” but he believes that “this is the closest we are ever going to get to him.” The project’s feature film, The Real Face of Santa, which aired on BBC Two, was a documentary about the project.

From bishop to gift giver

How did this St. Nicholas become the bringer of Christmas presents from the North Pole, where he now resides? The first saint was a Greek who lived in the late third century, approximately 280 A.D., and was martyred. He was elevated to the position of bishop of Myra, a tiny Roman town in modern Turkey. However, during the Great Persecution in 303, when Bibles were burned and priests were forced to recant their Christian beliefs or face execution, Nicholas gained a reputation as a fiery, wiry and uncompromising supporter of church teaching.

  • Nicholas’s renown lasted for a long time after his death (which occurred on December 6 in the mid-fourth century, about 343) because he was linked with several miracles, and veneration for him continues to this day, regardless of whether or not it is associated with Christmas.
  • Nicholas rose to prominence among the saints as a result of his role as patron saint of a large number of organizations.
  • During the most well-known version of the story, three young girls are spared from a life of prostitution when young Bishop Nicholas sends three bags of gold to their indebted father, which may be used to pay for their dowries.
  • Nicholas walked into an inn whose keeper had recently murdered three lads and pickled their mutilated remains in cellar barrels.
  • Not only did the bishop detect the crime, but he also brought the victims back to life.
  • Nicholas was the undisputed bringer of presents and the toast of celebrations centered on his feast day, December 6, and he was never challenged.
  • He also made certain that the children stayed on the right side of the law by encouraging them to pray and demonstrate good behavior.
  • “That was an issue,” Bowler said.
  • Bowler stated that, in many situations, the responsibility rested on the shoulders of infant Jesus, and the date was changed from December 6 to Christmas.

Consequently, the Christ child was frequently accompanied by a frightening companion to assist him with the carrying of gifts and intimidating of children, which did not seem suitable coming from the infant Jesus.” Some of these frightening Germanic creatures were modeled on Nicholas once more, this time as a dangerous sidekick rather than as a saint, like Ru-klaus (Rough Nicholas), Aschenklas (Ashy Nicholas), and Pelznickel (Pelznickel) were (Furry Nicholas).

This group of personalities either expected youngsters to behave well or subjected them to punishments such as whippings or kidnappings.

Despite their apparent dissimilarity to the cheerful guy in red, these vibrant figures would eventually play an important role in the formation of Santa himself. (This is related to: “What Is the Meaning of Krampus? The Horrific Christmas Devil is explained in detail “) ) ) ) ) ) ) )

Coming to America

In the Netherlands, children and families just refused to give up the tradition of St. Nicholas bringing gifts. They transported the tale of Sinterklaas with them to the New World colonies, where the legends of the hairy and terrifying Germanic gift bringers persisted as well. However, Christmas in early America was very different from the present celebration. In New England, the event was avoided, and in other parts of the country, it had taken on the appearance of the pagan Saturnalia that had formerly held the same spot on the calendar.

  1. And there was no specific, mystical gift-giver who appeared.” Then, during the first decades of the nineteenth century, everything changed owing to a group of poets and authors who worked hard to make Christmas a family celebration—by renewing and rebuilding the figure of St.
  2. Nickerbocker’s History of New York, written by Washington Irving in 1809, depicted a pipe-smoking Nicholas floating above the roofs in a flying wagon, giving presents to good girls and boys and switching presents with bad ones.
  3. With this apparition, “Santa Claus” has made his public debut, according to Bowler.
  4. Nicholas’ supernatural gift-giving, which has been stripped of all religious qualities.
  5. Originally written for his six children, Clement Clarke Moore’s “A Visit From St.
  6. Moore had no intention of contributing to the burgeoning Santa Claus myth.
  7. “It went viral,” Bowler said of the video.
  8. The photograph, which Bowler described as “absolutely the likeness of George Washington riding on a broomstick,” was taken by him.
  9. Santa’s cheery, chubby, grandfatherly look was mostly conceived by Thomas Nast, the renowned political cartoonist of an era in which there were many of them.

According to Bowler, “He’s done an excellent job of taming these characters from the late medieval period that were like something out of a Grimm’s Fairy Tale.”

The Santa problem

When it came to giving up St. Nicholas as a gift-giver in the Netherlands, children and families were adamant. In the New World colonies, they brought Sinterklaas with them, and the traditions of the hairy and terrifying Germanic gift bringers persisted to this day. In contrast to today’s Christmas, Christmas in early America was a quite different occasion. Throughout New England, the celebration was derided, and elsewhere it had evolved into something like to Saturnalia, the pagan festival that had formerly held the same spot on the calendar.

  1. “Even in England, it had devolved into this state of affairs.
  2. Nicholas—by restoring the tradition of giving.
  3. When an anonymous illustrated poem entitled “The Children’s Friend” was published in 1821, it went a long way toward establishing the contemporary Santa Claus and linking him with the holiday season.
  4. Nicholas’ supernatural gift-giving, which has been stripped of any religious qualities.
  5. It was for his six children that Clement Clarke Moore penned “A Visit From St.
  6. He had no idea of contributing to the burgeoning Santa Claus craze at the time.
  7. As Bowler put it, “It went viral.” Although the poem is well known, it still leaves plenty to the imagination, and Santa appeared in a number of varied outfits, sizes ranging from small to huge, and disguises throughout the nineteenth century.
  8. “It wasn’t until the late nineteenth century,” he said, that the picture of Santa became established as an adult clothed in red with white fur trim, traveling forth from the North Pole on a reindeer-drawn sleigh, and keeping an eye on children’s behavior.
  9. However, Nast “left him half-sized and in what I believe to be very terrible long johns,” Bowler continued.

“What he’s done is very much tame these Grimm’s Fairy Tales-type figures from the late medieval period,” Bowler remarked of the author’s accomplishment.

Who is St. Nicholas?

The actual narrative of Santa Claus begins with Nicholas, who was born in the third century in the hamlet of Patara in Asia Minor, and lived until his death in the fourth century. The location was Greek at the time, and it is currently located on the southern coast of Turkey. Nicholas’s rich parents, who had taught him to be a devoted Christian, perished in an epidemic when he was still a child, leaving him to raise alone. Nicholas followed Jesus’ command to “sell what you have and give the money to the poor,” and he utilized his whole inheritance to help the poor, the ill, and those who were in need of assistance.

  • Bishop Nicholas was well-known across the country for his kindness to people in need, his fondness for children, and his care for sailors and ships, among other things.
  • The jails were so overcrowded with bishops, priests, and deacons that there was no place for the true criminals—murderers, thieves, and robbers—to be held.
  • He died on December 6, AD 343 in Myra, and was buried in his cathedral church, where a rare relic known as manna developed in his tomb, which is now preserved at the museum.
  • The anniversary of his death has been commemorated as St.
  • The life and activities of St.
  • These narratives assist us in comprehending his exceptional nature and the reasons why he is so cherished and regarded as a defender and helper of those who are in need.
  • In ancient days, a young woman’s parent had to provide something of value to potential spouses in the form of a dowry.

A lady was unlikely to marry if she did not have a dowry.

On three separate times, a mysteriously appearing bag of gold came at their home, supplying them with the dowries they need.

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This resulted in the tradition of youngsters hanging stockings or laying shoes outside their doors in anticipation of gifts from Saint Nicholas.

As a result, three gold balls, which are frequently shown as oranges, are one of the emblems associated with St.

As a result, St.

One of the first traditions that depicts St.

On the eve of the holy saint’s feast day, the people of Myra were busy commemorating the saint when a gang of Arab pirates from Crete sailed into the area, causing chaos.

As they were about to leave town, they kidnapped a little boy named Basilios and sold him as a slave.

The next year, Basilios served the monarch by giving him wine in an ornate golden cup, which the king appreciated.

As the next St.

She was convinced, though, to have a small observance at home, complete with silent prayers for Basilios’s well-being and safety.

In front of the scared kid, St.

Imagine the delight and amazement on his parents’ faces as Basilios miraculously reappeared in front of them, still carrying the king’s golden cup.

Nicholas safeguarding children, which has since become his principal duty in the Western world.

A vengeful innkeeper stole and killed them, then concealed their bodies in a huge pickling tub for safekeeping.

In the middle of the night, he had a dream about the crime and woke up, calling the innkeeper.

French children’s literature tells the story of three tiny children who wandered away from their play until they became lost, seduced, and caught by a wicked butcher.

Nicholas arrives and implores God to bring them back to life and reunite them with their family.

Nicholas is known as the patron saint of children and their defender.

When he was younger, Nicholas went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in order to seek the divine guidance.

When the ship was returning by sea, a powerful storm threatened to sink it.

It took the sailors by surprise when the wind and seas suddenly calmed, saving them all from certain drowning.

Nicholas is known as the patron saint of sailors and voyagers.

He performed several acts of kindness and generosity in secret, with no expectation of receiving anything in return.

As a result, he is revered in the East as a wonder worker, and in the West as the patron of a wide range of people, including children and sailors as well as bankers and pawnbrokers as well as scholars and orphans, laborers, travelers, merchants, judges and paupers as well as marriageable maidens and students as well as sailors and victims of judicial errors as well as captives, perfumers, and even thieves and murderers!

  1. He is well-known as a friend and protector to those who are in difficulty or in need (see list).
  2. Nicholas as their patron, traveled the world spreading legends of his favor and protection.
  3. Nicholas chapels were constructed at a number of seaports.
  4. As a result of his baptism, Grand Prince Vladimir I carried the tales of Saint Nicholas and the devotion to Saint Nicholas to his motherland, where Nicholas quickly rose to the position of most cherished saint.
  5. Nicholas’ grave in Myra became a renowned pilgrimage destination as a result of his death.
  6. The Italian towns of Venice and Bari competed for the relics of St.
  7. Sailing from Bari, a seaport on the southeast coast of Italy, in the spring of 1087, seamen were successful in removing the bones and transporting them to the city of Bari.

Nicholas’ crypt, an impressive church was built, and many faithful pilgrims made the journey to pay their respects to the saint, who had rescued countless people, including children, prisoners, sailors, famine victims and many others, through his compassion, generosity, and the countless miracles attributed to his intercession.

  1. Throughout the years, Catholics and Orthodox have continued to respect and honor St.
  2. St.
  3. The legends of St.
  4. Boys costumed as bishops collected donations for the destitute in Germany and Poland—and occasionally for themselves, too!
  5. Nicholas came in the Netherlands and Belgium on a steamer from Spain, where he rode a white horse on his gift-giving rounds.
  6. Saint Nicholas is commemorated on the 5th of December, on the eve of the day before, by exchanging sweets (which are tossed through the door), chocolate initial letters, little presents, and riddles.
  7. Nicholas’ horse, expecting that the saint will exchange the items for little gifts.
  8. Who is St.
  9. an analysis of the language on this page produced a word cloud To see a bigger version of this photograph, please click here.

Wordle.net was used to make this image. Henri Gheon’s Saint Nicholas, published by Sheed & Ward in 1936, with illustrations by Elisabeth Ivanovsky. Copyright courtesy of Elisabeth Ivanovsky, with gracious permission to use for the exclusive benefit of St. Nicholas Center. return to the beginning

Who was Saint Nicholas? Everything You Need to Know

Lists of recommendations: Lists of recommendations: Saint Nicholas, sometimes known as ‘Nicholas of Myra’ or ‘Nicholas of Bari,’ was a fourth-century saint who served as the Greek Bishop of Myra (modern-day Demre, Turkey) during the Christmas season. He was raised in a religious environment and was ordained as a Bishop at an early age. The impoverished and the needy were taken care of by him, and he is also known as “Nicholas the Wonder-worker” because of a number of miracles that have been associated with him during his mythical life.

  • Nicholas is the patron saint of unmarried girls and young children, sailors, jail inmates, university students, merchants, and a number of countries and cities, including Russia, Greece, and the Russian capital of Moscow.
  • Nicholas Day,’ and children in many nations get presents on this day in honor of one of the most popular minor Saints of all time.
  • St.
  • (present-day Turkey).
  • His uncle, the Bishop of Patara, was the one who raised him.
  • With his inheritance in hand, he was resolved to utilize it to aid the poor and the needy.
  • He is credited with assisting many people and was well-known for his practice of secret gift-giving.
  • DeathLegacy The date of St.

Previously, it was considered that he was buried at Myra, but current archeological findings say that he was most likely buried on the Turkish island of Gemile in a chapel erected in the 4th century, and that his bones were later transported to Myra, which was safer than the Arab-infested Gemile.

  1. His tomb in Myra became a popular pilgrimage destination.
  2. Nicholas as a result of invasions and fears of attacks from the outside world.
  3. Several fragments of the relics are thought to have spread to various locations across the world.
  4. His miracles were a popular subject for painters of the time period, and they may be seen etched on the stained glass windows of several churches across the world.
  5. Following the Protestant Reformation in the 1500s, there was a fall in religious fervor and dedication.
  6. His name was ‘Sinterklaas’ in the Dutch language, and it was the Dutch emigrants who brought the tradition of this gift-giving St.

Nicholas to the New World in the year 1700. After several alterations, he was transformed into Santa Claus, a kind, jovial figure who gives gifts to children throughout the Christmas season.


Saint Nicholas Day, celebrated on December 6th, commemorates the third-century saint who was credited as being the inspiration for the modern-day Santa Claus. St. Nicholas is well-known for selling all of his goods and distributing the proceeds to the poor and needy. St. Nicholas was raised as a devoted Christian, and he spent his whole life to aiding the ill and the afflicted. Legendary legends about St. Nicholas were then used as part of the basis for the creation of the modern-day Santa Claus figure.

  1. One story talks about a father who is destitute and has three kids.
  2. Traditional practices included leaving shoes by the fires at night to dry so that they would not get wet.
  3. Nicholas presented a dowry for each of the three young ladies on three distinct occasions.
  4. While St.
  5. Traditions include placing presents in shoes (or stockings) or exchanging little gifts with friends and family members.
  6. The wicked ones, on the other hand, get a twig or a bit of coal.
  7. Nicholas include the following:
  • He is the patron saint of a plethora of organizations and causes. Sailors, tourists, clerics, schoolchildren, and criminals, to mention a few, are among the groups that have been affected. Born in the hamlet of Patar, which is located on the southeastern coast of modern-day Turkey, he was the son of a farmer. Water considered to have healing properties formed in his grave when he was buried in a tomb at Myra. It is referred to as the Manna of Saint Nicholas, and the 6th of December is also known as the Feast of Saint Nicholas, which is extensively honored across Europe.


Incorporate some Saint Nicholas Day customs into your holiday celebrations this holiday season. Slip a present or surprise inside someone’s shoe and they’ll be surprised. It is not necessary to have anything fancy.

  • You may leave an unique note or a little piece of chocolate in an attractively wrapped package. Give the tree a currency or an ornament in exchange for your presence. In the shoes of someone you care about, slip a stress ball or a fresh pair of socks in there. Another fun present to tuck inside a pair of shoes is a playful air freshener or a little bath bomb
  • These are both small and easy to conceal.

Tell the story of St. Nicholas to your children. Make use of the hashtag #StNicholasDay when posting on social media.


The feast of St. Nicholas is observed on December 6, the anniversary of his death, all throughout the world. St. Nicholas Frequently Asked Questions Q. When and where was Saint Nicholas born? A. The Christian bishop was born on March 15, 270 AD, in the Turkish city of Patara. Q. Is St. Nicholas the same person as Santa Clause? A. No, the concept of Santa Claus was inspired by St. Nicholas. Similarly, the Dutch word Sinterklaas is associated with the history of Santa Clause. There are about 1,500 national days in the United States.

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