What County Is Saint Louis In

City Government Structure

Because the City of St. Louis is not a member of any county government, the judicial and revenue collection activities that would normally be undertaken by a county government are included in the responsibilities of the City of St. Louis administration. It is important to note that each of the eight “county offices” is an unique elected position with a separate staff. Each is chosen to a four-year term in the legislature.

  • The Circuit Attorney represents the interests of the public in the prosecution of criminal offenses.
  • The Circuit Clerk is responsible for keeping track of the decisions, rules, orders, and other procedures of the Circuit Court En Banc. In addition, the Circuit Clerk is in charge of handling and accounting for the cash earned by Circuit Court fees. Once an elected position, it is currently filled by appointment by Circuit Judges.
  • In addition to real estate taxes and personal property taxes, the Collector of Revenue is responsible for collecting payroll and earnings taxes and water bills.
  • The License Collector is responsible for issuing the majority of licenses and receipts for license taxes. Sixty distinct types of licenses are issued by the License Collector.
  • The Public Administrator is responsible for administering estates for those who have died without leaving a will or heirs, as well as serving as guardian for some handicapped individuals.
  • It is the responsibility of the Recorder of Deeds to record and act as a repository for legal papers that influence the title to real estate
  • It is also responsible for the issuance of marriage licenses, birth certificates, and death certificates.
  • Security for the Circuit Court, transportation of convicts between the Circuit Court and detention facilities, service of court papers and eviction notices, and the issuance of jury summonses and weapons licences are all responsibilities of the Sheriff. The Treasurer is in charge of the city’s finance systems as well as the operation of parking services.

State Statutory Agencies

In addition, a few new agencies have been established, all of which are governed by state statute rather than by the mayor’s office.

  • The Board of Election Commissioners, appointed by the Governor of Missouri, is responsible for the administration of elections, voter registration, and petition processing in the City of St. Louis.
  • This autonomous municipal corporation manages 5,011 public housing units located in 43 projects spread around the city of St. Louis, which it owns and leases to other organizations on an as-needed basis. A seven-member board of commissioners oversees the housing authority, which is funded by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Five commissioners are chosen by the Mayor with the agreement of the Board of Aldermen, and two commissioners are elected by tenants.
  • Tower Grove Park is owned by the City of St. Louis, but it is handled separately from the other 105 parks that are maintained by the Parks Division of the city. In the case of Tower Grove Park, a special Board of Commissioners established by the Missouri Supreme Court is in charge.

Independent Special Districts

  • The St. Louis Public Schools (SLPS) are responsible for providing public education services to children from preschool through grade twelve within the city limits of St. Louis. SLPS, on the other hand, is a separate legal body from any local government in Missouri, just like any other school district in the state.
  • The Board of Education for Special Administration The St. Louis Public Schools District is now governed by a three-member Special Administrative Board, which is comprised of representatives from the community (SAB). The Governor appoints one member, the Mayor of St. Louis appoints another, and the President of the St. Louis Board of Aldermen appoints the last member. In addition to its property tax levy and federal, state, and desegregation sales tax funding
  • SLPS is largely supported by the property tax levy.
  • The St. Louis Public Library (SLPL) is a public library system that maintains 16 branches around the city of St. Louis. Even though it is not a part of the local government, its nine-memberBoard of Directors is selected by the Mayor to serve staggered three-year terms on the organization’s behalf. In order to support the SLPL, a special real estate tax levy is implemented.
  • In the city of St. Louis, the St. Louis Public Library (SLPL) manages 16 libraries spread around the city. There are no city employees on its staff, but it is governed by a nine-memberBoard of Directors who are nominated by the Mayor to serve staggered three-year terms. In order to support the SLPL, a special real estate tax levy is established.
  • The St. Louis Office for Developmental Disability Resources is a public organization tasked with allocating city tax monies to provide services to people with developmental disabilities in St. Louis. The office is supported by a special property tax allocation, which appears on tax bills under the heading “Sheltered Workshop.”

Regional Special Districts

A regional agency founded in 1972 by the City of St. Louis and St. Louis County, the Zoo-Museum District (ZMD) provides money for the following activities: Although the Zoo, Art Museum, and Science Center (formerly the McDonnell Planetarium) were once operated by the City of St. Louis, they are now independent entities that are funded by property taxes levied by the Zoning Management District. All of these institutions, with the exception of the Missouri Botanical Garden, are free to all visitors as a result of these property tax levies.

Louis and St.

Other Entities

In the City of St. Louis and St. Louis County, the Regional Arts Commission (RAC) provides money for arts and cultural activities through a hotel/motel tax collected on visitors to the area. The fifteen Commissioners are appointed by the Mayor and County Executive in a combined appointment process and serve four-year terms. It is the St. Louis ConventionVisitor’s Commission (also known as Explore St. Louis) that serves as the engine that propels the city’s $5 billion convention and tourist business.

  • Louis, as well as the operator of the America’s Center Convention Complex.
  • CVC’s 11-member Board of Commissioners is led by a chairman who is selected by the Governor of Missouri, and it also includes five members who are appointed by the Mayor of the City of St.
  • Louis.
  • Louis, is overseen by the St.
  • Louis County Junior College District (JCD).
  • Louis Community College system has over 30,000 students and is comprised of three campuses and four extension centers.
  • Each year, district voters elect six members from St.

Louis County to serve on the Junior College DistrictBoard of Trustees, which represents the four sub-districts of the Junior College District.

It is the responsibility of the Bi-State Development Agency, which is now known as Metro but is still legally known as Bi-State, to manage and run the bus and light rail (MetroLink) systems in St.

Unlike many other cities, the public bus system in St.

Call-A-Ride paratransit service, which caters mostly to the disabled, as well as the Gateway Arch Tram System, Gateway Arch Parking Garage, Gateway Arch Riverboats, and Downtown-Parks Airport in Cahokia, IL, are all under the control of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro).

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Louis County Executive, and the governors of St.

Tradition dictates that the Mayor picks two of the Missouri commissioners and that the third position is rotated with the county executive.

Louis Sewer District (MSD) to administer the surface drainage and sewage treatment systems in the City of St.

Louis County east of Missouri Highway 109, as well as in the surrounding area.

Louis and the Lemay Plant, which is located on South Broadway at the River des Peres just south of the City boundaries, both plants perform primary and secondary treatment.

The Mayor appoints three members, and the St.

For the greater St.

On the board of directors of East-West Gateway are the region’s most powerful elected politicians, who make decisions on regional priorities for major transportation projects.

The East-West Gateway board is comprised of the mayor and the president of the board of aldermen, as well as one resident of the City of St Louis who has been selected by the mayor.

St. Louis

St. Louis is a city in east-central Missouri, United States, that is adjacent to but separate from St. Louis county. It is located on the west bank of the Mississippi River (which is crossed at numerous spots), just across the river from East St. Louis, Illinois, and just south of the confluence of the Missouri and Mississippi rivers. Since it gained administrative independence in 1876, the city’s borders have remained mostly unaltered since since. It is, on the other hand, the state’s most populated and largest metropolitan region.

  1. Charles, and University City are examples of suburban communities in Missouri, whereas Alton, Belleville, East St.
  2. The town was founded in 1809, while the city was founded in 1822.
  3. (2010) population: 319,294; St.
  4. Louis Metro Area population: 2,820,253.
  5. Louis, Missouri, is a landmark.


The area was formerly occupied by mound builders of the Mississippian culture, who left their mark on the landscape. Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet, two French explorers who traveled up the Mississippi River in 1673, passed by here on their journey. In 1764, Pierre Laclède Liguestof New Orleans established a fur-trading post on the location, which was then considered to be part of Spanish territory at the time of his establishment. It was designed by Auguste Chouteau and named after Louis IX of France, who was canonized in 1804.

  • Louis was eventually returned to France in 1800 and, following the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, it became a part of the United States of America.
  • Louis in 1804 on a grand exploration voyage to the Pacific Northwest, which ended in 1806.
  • More Information on This Subject may be found here.
  • Louis, one of Missouri’s greatest cities, has long been the point of contact between the western territories and the rest of the country.
  • Louis started to expand swiftly and quickly established itself as a major river port.
  • It was the site of the Missouriconstitutionalconvention (1820), but it no longer served as the state capital when Missouri gained statehood in 1836.
  • It was a major junction for the United States’ westward development, serving as an outfitting stop for exploring teams, fur-trading expeditions, and pioneers moving across the state to Independence and the beginning of the Santa Fe, California, and Oregon Trails, among other destinations.

Railroads first appeared in the United States in the 1850s, and by the 1870s, they had largely supplanted steamboats as the primary mode of transportation.

Louis was maintained under martial rule while serving as a Union military installation.

Louis’ fur trade remained prominent until the mid-1800s, but throughout the second part of the nineteenth century, the city grew as an industrial center for brewing and manufacturing (including clothes, shoes, and iron).

Located just west of the city in Forest Park, theLouisiana Purchase Exposition (also known as the St.

This event, held in conjunction with the 1904Olympic Games in the city, brought the city to the notice of the world community.

Louis merchants enabled Charles A.

Louis in 1927.

Louis rose steadily.

A increasing number of African Americans were among the arrivals throughout that time period, according to census data.

By 2000, it had fallen to around two-fifths of its 1950 level, which was nearly equivalent to the level reached in 1880.

A similar decline occurred in the number of African Americans in St. Louis, although at a considerably slower rate, and by 2000, blacks accounted for more than half of the city’s population.

The contemporary city

St. Louis continues to be a significant transportation and distribution hub. A key component of the Inland Waterway System, the city is the country’s second-largest inland port and the country’s second-largest inland port. It is the northernmost point on the Mississippi River where the ice does not form throughout the year; important cargoes include grain, coal, petroleum products, and chemicals, among other things. Additionally, St. Louis is one of the country’s busiest rail hubs, and it is served by an international airport and an extensive network of interstate roads.

  1. Major contributors to the economy are services such as health care, finance and banking, telecommunications, airline operations, and education, to name a few.
  2. High-tech businesses are also essential, and an air force base in Illinois is close by for those who need to fly.
  3. The Pius XII Memorial Library, which has microfilm of Vatican Library holdings, is housed at St.
  4. Washington University (established in 1853) was founded by William Greenleaf Eliot, grandfather of poet T.S.
  5. Louis College of Pharmacy (formed in 1864) is the oldest pharmacy school in the US.
  6. Louis (1963).
  7. Charles (1827), Harris-Stowe State College (1857), Maryville University of St.

Louis Community College (establishment in 1860).

The Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra, founded in 1880, is one of the country’s oldest orchestras; the city also includes an opera company and a number of theater groups, among them.

Louis’s historic significance as the “Gateway to the West,” is the focal point.

There is also a Museum of Westward Expansion on the grounds, as well as the Old Cathedral (Basilica of St.

The fountain, designed by Swedish sculptor Carl Milles to represent the confluence of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers, may be seen at Aloe Plaza.

In addition to an art museum (which is situated in a World’s Fair building), a history museum, and a science center, Forest Park is also home to the St.

A traditional Japanese garden may be seen at the Missouri Botanical Garden.

Edmund A.

Edmund A.

A number of conservation sites, such as Rockwoods Reservation and AugustA.

The Cahokia MoundsState Historic Site, located across the river from Collinsville, Illinois, is an ancient Native American town dating back thousands of years.

A number of gambling casinos may be found along the banks of the rivers in the area. World Data Editors have made the most current revisions and updates to this article.

Counties in Missouri

Adapted from Ballotpedia

Counties by state
Municipal government
Top countiesTop 100 cities by population

Ballotpedia provides complete coverage of elections in the 100 most populous cities in the United States, as well as the 100 most populous counties that overlap those cities. This includes all city, county, judicial, school district, and special district positions that will be on the ballot in those cities, as well as all other offices on the ballot in those cities. The following materials are available on this page:

  • The county governments of Missouri that are covered by Ballotpedia
  • Missouri’s county boundaries are depicted on this map. In this article, we will look at the municipal elections in Missouri. A description of the initiative procedure in Missouri
  • And
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State and county governments in Missouri that are covered by Ballotpedia; Missouri’s county boundaries are depicted on this map. In this article, you will learn about the municipal elections in Missouri. Missouri’s initiative procedure is described in detail.

  • Clay County government, Jackson County government, and Platte County government are all examples of local governments.

Full list of counties

This state’s local governments, according to a 2017 research conducted by the United States Census Bureau, are comprised of 114 counties, 1,227 cities and towns, and villages, and 1,897 special districts. Default settings in the following table limit the number of counties displayed to 25 at a time. The drop-down menu above the top left-hand corner of the table can be used to adjust the number of counties that are displayed in the table. You can also look for a specific county by typing its name into the search bar located above the upper-right corner of the table.

Map of counties

Counties highlighted in blue on the map below are included in the county coverage scope of Ballotpedia:


For further information on the elections held in each municipality, please see the links provided below. This is not an exhaustive list of the municipalities that had elections each year in this state; click here to read more about Ballotpedia’s coverage of local government elections in this state.


See also: Municipal elections in the United States in 2021 and School board elections in the United States in 2021

  • Missouri school board elections in Jefferson City and St. Louis
  • Jefferson City and St. Louis, Missouri


See also: Municipal elections in the United States in 2020 and School board elections in the United States in 2020.

  • Clay County, Missouri
  • Jackson County, Missouri
  • Platte County, Missouri
  • St. Louis, Missouri
  • And Missouri school board elections are all taking place this year.

Elections in the past

Initiative process availability

Elections from the past


Elections that have occurred in the past


Missouri Constitution Article VI Section 20 stipulates that charter cities enable initiative for charter changes and may also establish an initiative procedure for ordinances, and charter cities are required to do so. Kansas City, St. Louis, Springfield, Independence, Columbia, Lee’s Summit, St. Joseph, and St. Charles are among the eight most populous communities in the US, and their charters all allow for initiative. The number of signatures required and the filing deadlines differ depending on the charter.

Third class cities

Third class cities with a commission or a council-manager form of government have an initiative process for ordinances that is governed by state statutes, specifically Missouri Revised Statutes Section 78.200 for commissions and Section 78.573 for council-managers, according to the Missouri Revised Statutes. The most significant distinction between the two legislation is the proportion of signatures that must be obtained. Earlier this year, a Missouri court questioned whether Section 78.573 mandates that an enabling local law be made available to residents, but the court could not make a definitive conclusion on the matter.

According to state legislation, municipalities with a Mayor-Council form of government or a Mayor-Administrator-Council type of government do not have the ability to take initiative.

Fourth class cities

According to state regulations, towns and villages classified as fourth class do not have the right to take initiative.

See also

Missouri Municipal government Other local coverage
  • In Missouri, the 2022 elections will be held
  • Public policies will be discussed, as well as influencers will be discussed.
  • Current mayors, current council officials, top counties, top 100 largest cities, current mayors, current council officials
  • Municipal elections in the year 2022
  • Elections for school boards will take place in 2022. Elections for local ballot measures will take place in 2022. Elections for municipal judicial offices in 2022

External links

  • Search for this issue on Google News
  • Visit the Missouri municipal code library
  • And the Missouri state government website.


  1. “2017 Census of Governments – Organization,” accessed May 14, 2021
  2. “Municipal League of metro St. Louis,” “St. Louis County Charter,” accessed July 15, 2021
  3. “Jackson County,” “Our Charter,” and “County Charter and Ordinances,” accessed August 23, 2013
  4. “Rexroat v. City of Poplar Bluff, Case No. 1: 11CV002,” accessed August 23, 2013
  5. “Rexroat v. City of
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Where is St. Louis, Missouri?

St. Louis is located in the eastern part of the Missouri. It is is the 15th-largest city based on population in the country, and the largest metro area in the state of Missouri. About Map: Map showing Location Map of St. Louis in the U.S. State of Missouri.St. Louis is the 2nd largest city in eastern-central portion of Missouri, United States.It lies on the west bank of the Mississippi River opposite East St. Louis, Illinois. It comprising a total area of 65.99 sq mi (170.92 km2), with an estimated population of 319,294 in 2019, 11th largest city in the Midwest, 2nd largest city in Missouri and 65th largest city in the United States.

Country United States
State Missouri
Coordinates: 38°37′38″N 90°11′52″W
Combined statistical area (CSA) St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington, MO-IL
Metro St. Louis, MO-IL
Founded February 14, 1764
Incorporated 1822
Named for Louis IX of France
Government Type Mayor-council
Area 65.99 sq mi (170.92 km2)
Elevation 466 ft (142 m)
Highest elevation 614 ft (187 m)
Population (2019) 300,576
Pop. Density 4,868.02/sq mi (1,879.56/km2)
Demonym(s) St. Louisan
Time zone UTC−6 (CST), In summer UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes 63101 – 63199
Area code 314
FIPS code 29-65000
Interstates I-44, I-45, I-64, I-70, I-270
Light rail MetroLink
Primary airport St. Louis Lambert International Airport
Waterways Mississippi River and Missouri River
Port (River transportation) Port of St. Louis
Climate Subtropical climate
School (75 schools) St. Louis Public Schools (SLPS)
University University of Missouri-St. Louis, Washington University in St. Louisand Saint Louis University, Washington University School of Medicine
Website stlouis-mo.gov

The 1876 St. Louis City / County split and its effect on research

One of the most effective strategies to prepare for successful research in a geographical location is to become familiar with the history of the place in question. This is especially true in St. Louis, Missouri, where the events of local history have made historical research considerably more difficult due to the events of the city’s past. Before undertaking any study in St. Louis, we recommend researchers to consider the information provided below concerning the City/County Split and how it affects research in the city.

The Split

The city of St. Louis, as well as all other places within the county limits, including municipalities such as Kirkwood and Florissant, were included in the bounds of St. Louis County prior to its creation in 1877. During that time period, the county seat was located in the city of St. Louis. After voting on the question of whether the City of St. Louis should separate from the county and become an independent city, the citizens of St. Louis County (which included both city and county) voted to separate from the county and become an independent city, resulting in what is known as the “Great Divorce.” The vote took conducted on August 22, 1876, and the preliminary results suggested that the subject of separation had been defeated by a margin of little more than 100 votes.

Due to the lengthy recount process (which lasted four months), it was not until late 1876 that it was established that the vote for secession had passed.

The Dividing Point

The city of St. Louis, as well as all other places within the county limits, including municipalities such as Kirkwood and Florissant, were included in the bounds of St. Louis County prior to its formation in 1877. City of St. Louis served as County Seat throughout that time period. After voting on the topic of whether the City of St. Louis should separate from the county and become an independent city, the inhabitants of St. Louis County (which encompassed both city and county) chose to separate and become an independent city, which is known as the “Great Divorce.” In a vote held on August 22, 1876, it was determined that the subject of secession had been defeated by slightly more than 100 votes.

The recount took four months, and it wasn’t until late 1876 that it was decided that the vote for separation had been successful in the state of Washington.

Where Are the Original Records Housed Today?

  • The records created prior to the split (up until 1876) were kept by the City of St. Louis and are now housed in various governmental offices for the City of St. Louis in downtown St. Louis, including the St. Louis Public Library. City records created after the split (1877 to the present) are maintained and housed by the City of St. Louis’s governmental offices, which are located in downtown St. Louis. A large number of those records are available on microfilm as well. County records that were created after the split are maintained and housed by county governmental offices for the County of St. Louis, which is a division of the state of Missouri. Clayton, Missouri, was chosen as the new county seat in late 1877, and it is still the location of the majority of the county’s governmental offices to this day. There are microfilm copies of many of those records available.

Why Can’t I Find My Ancestor’s Record?

If your study is focused on the era after 1876, you will need to look at the records of BOTH the city and the county. Traveling back and forth between cities and counties was a common part of people’s lives, and the records of events in their life were kept at the location where the event occurred, rather than in their home city or county.

This holds true for a wide variety of recordings, but it is especially true for

  • The records for both the city and county must be checked if your study is focusing on the era after 1876. Traveling back and forth between cities and counties was a common part of people’s lives, and the records of occurrences in their life were kept based on where the event occurred, rather than on where they resided. This holds true for a wide variety of documents, but it is especially true for medical records.

If you come across the name “St. Louis” in a family document that was created after 1876, attempt to determine if it refers to the County of St. Louis or the City of St. Louis. It is possible that something like a marriage took place in rural St. Louis County prior to the separation, but the presiding clergyman did not enter his records until two and a half years after the occurrence. By 1879, the new Clayton courthouse had been completed, and the county’s record-keeping system had been formed, so he proceeded to that location to document the marriage that had taken place in the county that year.

Louis, along with all the other pre-1876 marriage records.

For further reading

Barclay, Thomas S., “The Movement for Municipal Home Rule in St. Louis,” in The Movement for Municipal Home Rule in St. Louis, ed. The University of Missouri Studies Series was published by the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri, in 1943. Q 352.0778B244MB Q 352.0778B244MB St. Louis Home Rule Charter of 1876: Its Framing and Adoption, by Thomas S. Arclay, University of Missouri Press, St. Louis, Missouri, 1998. University of Missouri Studies Series, Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1962.

  • William N.
  • Jr., ed.
  • R 977.8G5591/15Oct 1958-Jul 1959.
  • Dickson, Terry, and Dickson Clayton: A Brief Overview.
  • R 977.865T329C R 977.865T329C

Two St. Louis Library Systems

The fact that there are two library systems in St. Louis, as a result of the 1876 split, is an illustration of how the divide had an impact on scholars in general. St. Louis County Library System is a public library system that covers the whole county of St. Louis and has its headquarters at 1640 South Lindbergh Blvd. With its flagship location at 13th and Olive in downtown St. Louis, the St. Louis Public Library system provides services to the whole city of St. Louis. Both library systems contain outstanding genealogy and local history collections, which is beneficial to scholars in both fields.

U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: St. Louis County, Missouri

Notes on the Value As a result of possible discrepancies in technique between different data sources, estimates are not comparable to those obtained at other geographic levels. As a result, some of the estimates reported here are based on sample data, and as a result, there may be sampling errors that make certain apparent differences across geographies statistically indistinguishable from one another. You may find out more about sampling error by clicking on the Quick Info icon to the left of each row in TABLE view.

The vintage year (for example, V2021) refers to the year in which the series came to an end (2020 thru 2021). Estimates from different vintage years are not comparable to one another. Notes on the Ground

  • As a result, Hispanics can be of any race and are included in all applicable race categories. As a result, Hispanics can be of any race and are included in all applicable race categories. As a result, Hispanics can be of any race and are included in all applicable race categories.

Value Flags are a type of flag that indicates a value.

  • It is either impossible to compute an estimate because there are no or too few sample observations available, or it is impossible to compute a ratio of medians because one or both of the median estimates lie inside the lower or upper interval of an open ended distribution. F less than 25 companies
  • D Suppressed in order to prevent the release of secret information
  • It is not possible to provide data for this geographic area due to a lack of sufficient sample instances
  • FN In lieu of data, a footnote has been added to this item. X This is not relevant
  • It has been suppressed because it does not fulfill publication criteria. NA Unfortunately, this service is not available. Z A value that is more than zero but less than half the unit of measure displayed is considered positive.

Among the resources used to compile QuickFacts data are: population estimates from the American Community Survey; census of population and housing data from the Census of Population and Housing; current population data from the Current Population Survey; small area health insurance estimates; small area income and poverty estimates; state and county housing unit estimates; county business patterns; nonemployer statistics; economic census; survey of business owners; and building permits.

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