How Long Do Saint Bernards Live


Saint Bernard Lifespan: How Long Do Saint Bernards Live?

The Saint Bernard, also known as the St. Bernard, is a large-sized dog breed that was developed for the purpose of protecting the Hospice in the Great St Bernard Pass as well as assisting in the recovery of injured or missing passengers. They are a large working breed that originated in the Western Alps of Switzerland and Italy and has grown to tremendous proportions. Bernard of Menthon, an Italian monk, was the inspiration for the name St. Bernard. It is well-known for its vast size and for stories of alpine rescues that have taken place there.

However, the issue is, on average, how long do they live?

Bernards, the frequent health conditions to which they are prone, and how we may help them live longer lives.

How Long Do St. BernardsUsually Live?

Saint Bernards have an average life expectancy of 8 to 10 years, depending on the breed. Because of their enormous size, they have a significantly shorter lifetime than many other dog breeds. Their large size causes them to age more quickly and to be more susceptible to certain health conditions such as hip dysplasia and arthritis, both of which shorten their life expectancy. Due to the fact that the St. Bernard is a big breed, its average lifespan is significantly less than the average lifespan of dogs in general (around 10 to 13 years).

  1. One of the primary reasons for the shorter lifetime of bigger or gigantic breeds is the vast size of their bodies.
  2. Another reason is that they are more likely than smaller breeds to acquire age-related health issues like as heart disease at a younger age.
  3. Similar to how a big man or woman puts themselves at danger by shortening their life as a result of attaining exceptional weight, this is true.
  4. Furthermore, bigger breeds mature more quickly, which means they grow at a faster rate.
  5. Bernards have an average lifetime of 8 to 10 years, there have been instances where they have survived for more than ten years.

Common Health Problems of St. Bernards

We are all aware that every breed, especially the St. Bernard, is prone to certain health problems. Large breeds of dogs, such as St. Bernards, are at risk for a number of health problems that can shorten their life expectancy significantly. It is critical for their dog parents to be able to identify and recognize the signs and symptoms of the typical health problems that their dogs are prone to as soon as they appear.

Early detection of many disorders does, in fact, enhance the likelihood of treatment success. The following are some of the probable health hazards or concerns that might shorten the lifespan of a St. Bernard:

  • We are all aware that every breed, including the St. Bernard, is predisposed to certain health problems. Several health problems in giant breeds such as St. Bernards can shorten their life expectancy, and they are at risk for a number of ailments. Being able to notice and recognize the signs and symptoms of the main health problems that dogs are prone to is extremely essential for their dog owners. In most cases, early detection of these disorders leads to better treatment outcomes. The following are some of the potential health hazards or concerns that might shorten the lifespan of a St. Bernard dog:


Acataractis is an opacity in the lens of a dog’s eye that causes him to have difficulty seeing clearly or perceiving things correctly in certain situations. If the cataract is minor, it will have little effect on the dog’s eyesight, but if it becomes too large, it can cause the dog to become blind. The most noticeable sign of cataracts is a foggy look to the eyes, which gives the impression of a layer in front of the eyes. It is more common in older dogs, which indicates that the likelihood of having this condition grows with age in dogs.

Canine Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM)

Canine Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a cardiac ailment in which the muscles of the heart become exceedingly thin and feeble, preventing them from contracting appropriately. As a result, the heart has to work harder than it did previously in order to pump blood throughout the body, causing it to become larger. In addition to showing indicators of heart failure, such as weight loss, depression, and loss of appetite, dogs with this condition also have trouble breathing, a mild cough, and an expanded belly.


It is a neurological condition that produces spontaneous, repeated seizures in both males and females of all breeds, and it affects both genders equally. There are two forms of epilepsy: primary epilepsy and secondary epilepsy. Primary epilepsy is the most common type of epilepsy. The condition known as primary epilepsy is regarded to be a hereditary or genetic ailment in which a dog has seizures on a regular basis. Uncontrolled, recurrent, and rapid electrical disturbances take place in the brain during a seizure, which leads in many sorts of brain disorders.


Another eye condition is entropion, which means “turning inward.” Eyelid rolling inward is a disorder that occurs when the eyelids roll inward owing to the rubbing of hair on the cornea. It can result in irritation, discomfort, corneal ulcers, perforation, and the development of pigments in the eyes. It is regarded to be a hereditary condition that may be passed down from one generation to the next and is fairly frequent in the St. Bernard breed of dogs.

Elbow Dysplasia

Elbow dysplasia is a joint ailment characterized by a number of developmental anomalies in the elbow joint’s development. In this illness, the elbow joint, particularly the cartilages and the tissues around the joint, grow improperly, causing pain and swelling. The term “Primary Lesion” refers to these abnormalities of the joints. elbow dysplasia is thought to be caused by a combination of factors including heredity, trauma, diet, and a defect in cartilage formation.

Elbow dysplasia is a hereditary illness that may be passed down through families, however it is considerably more frequent in big to gigantic breed dogs, such as the St. Bernard, than in smaller breeds.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a condition that affects dogs of virtually all breeds and is believed to be the most frequent ailment in dogs. Ankylosis distalis is a disorder in which the socket and balls of the hind legs do not fit together properly. Hip dysplasia can develop in your dog as early as five months of age, or it can develop at any period in your dog’s life. When you have hip dysplasia, the most common symptom you may experience is soreness in your back leg. Hip dysplasia, like elbow dysplasia, is a condition that affects big breed dogs and is heritable, just like elbow dysplasia.

Bernard has a greater risk of developing this condition.

It can be provided to your St.

Factors Affecting the Lifespan of a St. Bernard

The issue now is, what are the elements that influence the longevity of your St. Bernard? A variety of factors, including hereditary and environmental influences, can influence how long your St. Bernard will remain with you and how happy he is. As dog lovers, we always hope that our beloved friend will be able to spend as much time with us as possible. But, before we do that, it’s important to understand what factors are truly determining their lifetime. Below are some of the most important characteristics that might influence the life expectancy of a St.

  • Breed and genetic characteristics
  • Family medical history
  • Height and weight
  • Way of life

Breed and Genetic Factors

It is critical to understand that the lifespan of your dog is heavily influenced by the breed and genetic history of the animal. Certain dog breeds have significantly longer lives than others, owing to a variety of hereditary reasons. Large size breeds, on average, live longer lives than smaller size breeds, owing to the fact that large size dogs grow faster and are more susceptible to health problems. For example, the lifetime of a St. Bernard is much lower than that of a tiny breed like the Chihuahua.

Mixed or crossbred dogs are also thought to have longer lives than purebred dogs, according to some research.


It is not simply the size of the breed that is most important. But there is also a difference in size within a breed. According to the American Kennel Club (AKC), a dog’s life expectancy decreases by a month for every 4.4-pound increase in body mass that the dog has. This implies that if your dog is overweight or obese, it may have a much shorter life expectancy.

Family Medical History

The health history of a dog’s family is extremely important in influencing the length of their general lifespan. Genetic defects from the parents are easily passed on to their offspring through their offspring. That is to say, an ill dog suffering from a variety of ailments may give birth to pups that have a high likelihood of contracting the same diseases as their parents do.

Because of this, dogs with severe genetic abnormalities such as degenerative myelopathy and heart disease are not permitted to reproduce.


Your dog’s way of life speaks a lot about him. Your St. Bernard’s life expectancy is influenced by his or her way of life, as well as the environment in which they live. It encompasses the individual’s nutrition, physical activity, and training, as well as the environment in which they live. These subfactors have an impact on their overall pleasure. If you provide proper care for your dog, it will live happier, healthier, and for a longer period of time than the average lifetime.

Ways to Improve the Lifespan of St. Bernard

The fact that one human year is comparable to seven canine years is well-known to us. If a man lives for one year, then the dog has lived for the equivalent of seven years, according to this formula. As dog lovers, we can always do something to make our canine companions’ lives a little bit easier and longer. Here are some tried and true methods that have been shown to assist people enhance their quality of life and lengthen their lives:

  • Feed them a nutritious and well-balanced food. Exercise on a regular basis
  • Veterinary appointments and vaccines on a regular basis
  • Provide a living environment that is safe and healthy

Feed Them a Healthy and Balanced Diet

If you want to keep your St. Bernard healthy, you must provide him with a high-quality meal that has the appropriate number of nutrients to meet his nutritional requirements. The nutritional requirements of an individual are determined by their body weight, gender, degree of exercise, and overall health. As a result, we recommend that you speak with a veterinary nutritionist to establish a meal plan that is tailored to your St. Bernard’s needs in order to achieve a healthy lifestyle for your St Bernard.

Regular Exercise

Exercise, especially when done in a healthy and proactive manner, can also assist to extend the longevity of your St. Bernard. Regular exercise makes him happy and active, which in turn provides them with an inner feeling of drive and a sense of love for their lives. Exercises can also help to strengthen the muscles in your dog’s body. It is preferable for a dog to have strong muscles in the early stages of its life in order to be able to cope with the aging process. The elements that influence a dog’s lifetime have already been explored, and it has been shown that an overweight dog has a lower life expectancy than one that is of a healthy weight.

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Regular Veterinary Visits and Vaccinations

Early detection of the illness can significantly increase the longevity of your dog. It is only feasible if you provide excellent care for your pup’s health and take him to the veterinarian on a regular basis. Additionally, you should become familiar with their most prevalent health issues so that you can spot the signs and symptoms. Once a year, it is suggested that you visit your veterinarian. It will make a substantial contribution to the general health of your dog, ultimately extending its total longevity.

It is necessary to visit the veterinarian on a regular basis for immunizations because some of these diseases have no known remedy at this time. This is likely to cost you between $75 and $100.

Provide a Safe and Healthy Environment

The quality of your St. Bernard’s existence is determined by the safety, cleanliness, and health of his or her living environment. You should maintain a hygienic atmosphere in your home or apartment, and any potentially harmful substances such as detergents and glass cleaners should be removed from the area where you live. These potentially life-threatening threads can put your dog’s life in danger. You must also ensure that your backyard is free of anything that might harm or put your dog in risk if you live in a landed house, as well as being clean.

Final Thoughts

Originally from Germany, the St. Bernard is a huge breed that was expressly produced by the Hospice for the purpose of rescue. St. Bernards are renowned for their enormous size and dominance, however because of their large size, their lifetime is significantly shorter than that of many other breeds. As previously said, the typical longevity of a St. Bernard is around 8 to 10 years, which is significantly less than the lifespan of small size breeds. If you’re looking for a large, yet loving, companion, the St.

Top 5 Longest-Living Dog Breeds (Plus: 5 Dogs Who Don’t Live Very Long)

Smaller dog breeds are more likely to live the longest lives than larger dog types. Photo:Peter077 Have you ever wondered which dog breeds have the shortest and longest lifespans? Another query is as follows: Isn’t it fun to go back to your elementary school reading lists, when you learnt the ins and outs of life from books likeOld Yeller andWhere the Red Fern Grows? Dogs and humans are the ideal match, and they frequently form unbreakable ties, just like they do in those stories. So when considering about bringing a new dog home, it makes perfect sense to take into consideration the breed’s life duration.

It is the purpose of this article to tell you which dog breeds have the shortest and longest lifespans, respectively.

How Dogs Age

In order to understand how dogs age and why some live longer lives than others, let us first discuss how dogs age and why some live longer lives than others. You’ve heard the expression “dog years,” haven’t you? In its most basic form, the rule states that every one human year is equivalent to seven dog years. In a more intricate form, but let’s keep things simple for the time being here, A dog who is 14 years old in “human year” would be 98 years old in “dog year.” This is because dogs have a life span of 100 years.

Some dogs, like people, live for far longer periods of time than others.

Of course, that is a rare occurrence that falls outside of the usual.

Larger dogs tend to be on the lower end of the spectrum, while smaller dogs tend to be on the upper end of the spectrum. Although you cannot affect your dog’s life expectancy, you may make decisions that will assist to safeguard his or her health as they get older. Photo:mtajmr

Why Does a Dog’s Size Matter?

A study team investigated the reasons why giant dogs tend to have shorter lives than smaller canines. In their results, which were published in American Naturalist, they concluded that “Large dogs age at a faster rate.” In other words, while they may appear to be of a young age, their physical appearance belies their age. Psychology Today went down the findings even further by comparing two dog species — the Chihuahua (which weighs around 6 pounds) and the English Mastiff (which weighs approximately 12 pounds) (about 200 pounds).

The huge Mastiff breed, on the other hand, must develop into a 200-pound dog, which implies that these canines must mature much more quickly in order to become fully grown adults.

While you have no influence over a dog’s size and rate of growth, there are things you can do to improve your dog’s quality of life, regardless of their size.

While you won’t be able to cure or prevent everything, you can reduce your chances of dying prematurely by doing the following:

  • Feeding your dog a nutritious food can keep him from becoming obese or gaining unhealthy weight
  • Regular veterinarian examinations, immunizations, and preventative medications are essential. Being aware of breed-related disorders and the symptoms associated with them
  • Making appointments with your veterinarian on a regular basis

In reality, ensuring that your dog lives a long and healthy life is quite similar to ensuring that you live a long and healthy life as well. After you’ve learned about the aging process in dogs, do you know which breed has the greatest life expectancy? Talk about which dog breeds have the highest life expectancy.

5 Longest-Living Dog Breeds



Chihuahuas are little dogs who weigh just 6 pounds on average for an adult, and according to the findings of the study described above, one of the reasons they live for such a long time is that their aging process is gradual. Chihuahuas may live between 14 and 20 years if they are in good condition. Chihuahuas, as a breed, are known for being loving, easy to groom, and friendly with children. They do, however, require training beginning at a young age in order to ensure that they are appropriately socialized.


2.Yorkshire Terrier

Yorkies are another breed of dog that has a relatively high life expectancy. As healthy adults, these energetic puppies can live up to 16 years in the wild. Yorkies, like several other tiny dog breeds, are capable of putting up a strong fight when the situation calls for them. Don’t get yourself into any trouble with “their people,” or you’ll find out what we’re talking about. However, just like with Chihuahuas, by training and socializing your Yorkie from the beginning, you should be able to enjoy your day-to-day life with him for many years to come.


It should come as no surprise that the majority of the world’s longest-living dog breeds are tiny, and the Pomeranian is no exception. These canines, like the Yorkshire Terrier, may live to be up to 16 years old if they are in good condition. The agility course, in which many Pomeranians participate, is one of their favorite types of exercise for them.

In general, this breed has a reputation for being intelligent and simple to teach. Their grooming requirements are a little higher than average due to their long and fluffy hair, but they are still a low-maintenance dog in terms of regular care. Photo:mschiffm

4.Toy Poodle

Poodles are popular among those who want a dog that is both attractive and intelligent. Toy poodles, which reach a maximum weight of around 10 pounds at their heaviest, are little and easy to care for. Even better, they are an excellent choice for families with allergy issues because they do not shed much. The average lifespan of a healthy Toy Poodle is more than 15 years, making them one of the most long-lived dog breeds on the planet. Photo:Nick115


Beagles are an extremely easy breed to grow and care for on all levels. Apart from being mellow and easygoing, they may live for up to 15 years in an one place. Beagles, in contrast to the other breeds described above, are medium-sized dogs that typically weigh approximately 25 pounds. Although this breed might be a little obstinate at times, these dogs are intelligent and ready to please. When properly educated and socialized from an early age, Beagles are excellent among strangers, children, and other pets.

In addition, because their bodies are so lengthy, obesity might result in back and other health problems for them.

5 Shortest-Living Dog Breeds


1.Dogue de Bordeaux

According to the American Kennel Club, the Dogue de Bordeaux (commonly known as the French Mastiff) has one of the shortest life expectancies of all of the breeds. Healthy people have an average lifespan of 5–8 years. It should come as no surprise that the Dogue de Bordeaux is one of the biggest breeds. Mature males weigh around 110 pounds on the low end, with adult females weighing approximately 100 pounds in the beginning. Despite their big size, though, these dogs perform well in flats and limited places since they prefer to lay around for the most of the time.


2.Great Dane

Great Danes are another large dog (they may weigh up to 175 pounds) with a limited life span (they can live up to 15 years). They have a lifespan of 7–10 years on average. Canines of the Great Dane breed are devoted to their family and are gentle with children, other dogs, and strangers. When they’re with you, they’re the epitome of a loving companion, which makes it difficult to contemplate their short life expectancy. Photo:fujicanon

3.Bernese Mountain Dog

Bernese Mountain Dogs have a life expectancy of 7–10 years and may reach up to 115 pounds in the wild. You won’t find a greater partner for those who like the great outdoors. Despite their size, these dogs are tough to the core. Expect to come across them when trekking the trails or swimming in alpine streams. Photo:bella67

4.Saint Bernard

In their original purpose, Saint Bernards were developed to track down and help pilgrims who were trekking across perilous and icy mountain trails between Switzerland and Italy. Because of how well-behaved they are around children, Saint Bernards are now frequently used as “nanny dogs.” Their devoted and caring temperament makes them excellent companions for families.

There are 8–10 years on average for them to live, and they may weigh up to 180 pounds at maturity. Photo:pixabay

5.Irish Wolfhound

Originally, Irish Wolfhounds were used to hunt elk and wolves. It’s understandable given their enormous size (males are nearly 3 feet tall at the shoulder and weigh around 120 pounds). Irish Wolfhounds, on the other hand, make wonderful family dogs these days. They are well-behaved with children, strangers, and other dogs, just like the Saint Bernard. The typical life expectancy of this breed is just 8–10 years, despite the fact that they lead a healthy lifestyle. This is due to their big size.

Comparing Life Span and Size

Originally, Irish Wolfhounds were used to hunt elk and wolves in the mountains of Ireland. It’s understandable given their immense size (males are nearly 3 feet tall at the shoulder and weigh around 120 pounds). But nowadays, Irish Wolfhounds make wonderful companions for children and adults alike! They’re well-behaved around children, strangers, and other dogs, much like the Saint Bernards are. The typical life expectancy of this breed is just 8–10 years, even when they lead a good lifestyle.

1.Alaskan Malamute

The Alaskan Malamute may weigh up to 100 pounds at its full grown size. They live an average of 10–14 years, which is far longer than the other big breeds on this list. While this is still not as long as the projected 20-year life expectancy of Yorkies or Chihuahuas, it is significantly longer than the life expectancy of the majority of big breed dogs in general. Photo:patstatic

2.Doberman Pinscher

Dogs such as Dobermans are smaller than Alaskan Malamutes (weighing in at approximately 80 pounds at their maximum), making them a more practical choice if you don’t want to take on the responsibility of a 100- to 200-pound breed. Their life expectancy is comparable to that of the majority of dogs, regardless of size – they may live up to 13 years if they are in good condition. Photo:AnnieCS

3.Standard Poodle

Dobermans are smaller than Alaskan Malamutes (at their maximum, they weigh approximately 80 pounds), making them a more practical dog to own if you aren’t comfortable with a breed weighing between 100 and 200 pounds. Their life expectancy is comparable to that of the majority of dogs, regardless of size – they may live up to 13 years if they are in good condition as grownups. Photo:AnnieCS

How to Extend Your Dog’s Life Expectancy

Dobermans are smaller than Alaskan Malamutes (at their maximum, they weigh approximately 80 pounds), making them a more practical dog to own if you aren’t comfortable with a 100- to 200-pound breed. Their life expectancy is comparable to that of most dogs of any size – they can live up to 13 years as healthy adults. Photo:AnnieCS


What is the nutritional value of your dog’s food? If you are unable to provide a firm response to that question, it may be time to reconsider your position. The best method to ensure that your dog is getting exactly what they require is to consult with your veterinarian or a pet dietician. Find out by doing the following:

  • What kind of calories they require
  • What kind of food is the most beneficial to them
  • How often they should eat
  • How long they should eat.
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Please keep in mind that treats and table scraps can completely derail an otherwise healthy diet.

Make sure that any treats are included in your dog’s daily nutrition plan, and that only dog-friendly human foods are included in that plan. Take a look at this adorably affectionate Great Dane:

Keep Them Active

Exercise requirements vary from dog to dog, just as they do with nutrition. Inquire with your veterinarian about the sort of exercise your dog need and how much of it. You might believe that taking your dog for a regular walk is beneficial to them, but depending on their individual requirements, you could be mistaken. The only way to find out is to consult with a specialist. Exercise, on the other hand, is only the beginning. Maintaining your dog’s mental activity is also vital for his overall health and lifespan.

Keep up the workout till you’re old and gray, simply for pleasure.

By making certain that you are providing your dog with the greatest care available, you will give them the best chance of living a longer life.


  • “How Long Do Dogs Live?” writes Anna Burke in “How Long Do Dogs Live?” The American Kennel Club published a statement on July 14, 2016. Cornelia, PhD, and colleagues “The Size-Life Span Trade-Off Decomposed: Why Large Dogs Die Young” is the title of the article. Involved in American Naturalist 181, no. 4 (April 2013): 583.
  • Stanley Coren, Ph.D., DSC, FRSC The question is, “Why do large dogs have shorter lives than little dogs?” Psychology Today, published on January 19, 2017.

Saint Bernard Dog Breed Information, Pictures, Characteristics & Facts

It was in Switzerland that the Saint Bernard and numerous other dog breeds had their start, among them the Bernese Mountain Dog, the Entlebuch Cattle Dog, the Appenzell Cattle Dog and the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog. They were most likely developed as a result of a mix between dogs native to the Alps and Mastiff-type canines that were brought with the Roman army during the reign of the emperor Augustus. During the first millennium CE, dogs in Switzerland and the Alps were collectively known as “Talhund” (Valley Dog) or “Bauernhund” (Alpine Dog) (Farm Dog).

  • It is only accessible during these months.
  • In 962 AD, Archdeacon Bernard de Menthon came at this pass, which would later be named after him, and established a hospice to provide assistance to travelers who were exhausted by the difficulty of traversing this perilous route.
  • However, a painting portraying well-built shorthaired dogs that closely resembled Saint Bernards as they are now was drawn in 1695, and it is uncertain when the dogs were originally employed by the Hospice.
  • The hospice monks most likely used the dogs to patrol the grounds at the beginning of their tenure.
  • The monastery’s seclusion is said to have aided in the development of the dogs into a breed that was able to resist harsh winters and possessed the physical qualities required for search and rescue activities.
  • In 1830, the monks sought to enhance the coats of their dogs by crossing them with the thick-coated Newfoundland dog.
  • That was a blunder on my part.

Following that, the monks either gave away or sold any longhaired puppies that they had produced in their flock.

The hospice dogs did not have an official name until the 1800s, despite the fact that they were widely recognized.

He died in 1810.

It was the English who coined the term “Sacred Dogs,” and they imported a large number of them into the country in an effort to revitalize their own Mastiff breed.

As early as 1833, a man named Daniel Wilson proposed that the breed be referred to as the Saint Bernard Dog, and it was subsequently adopted as the breed’s official name in 1880 when the Swiss Kennel Club officially recognized the breed.

As a result of crossbreeding, the Saint Bernards in other nations have become leaner and taller as a result of their genetic makeup.

In 1883, a Saint Bernard by the name of Plinlimmon gained widespread recognition in the United States.

His owner took him on a tour of the country, displaying him in movie theaters.

According to the American Kennel Club, Saints are ranked 39th out of 155 breeds and types that have been recorded.

It is possible to visit the St. Bernard Hospice in Switzerland and still see Saint Bernards. They no longer actively search out travelers in need, but rather serve as living reminders of the hospice movement’s rich heritage.

The Saint Bernard Dog Breed: What You Should Know

A Saint Bernard dog should be easily recognizable by most people if they come across one in person or even watch one on television, therefore there shouldn’t be too many individuals who are unfamiliar with the breed. The Saint Bernard is a well-known breed of dog, both in real life and on television and film. From iconic photographs of these gigantic dogs trudging through kilometers of snow with a little barrel wrapped around their necks to great films such as Beethoven, these canines have captured the imagination of the world.


This native breed of Switzerland is thought to be a cross between an Alps-bred dog and a Mastiff, according to legend. For a long period of time, the dog that would subsequently be recognized as the Saint Bernard was lumped together with a group of other canine breeds who were collectively referred to as “Baur hounds” until sometime about 950 AD. This pass was established when Archdeacon Bernard de Manthon traveled through it in order to provide assistance to fatigued passengers he encountered.

  1. There has been a great deal of discussion about what these enormous dogs were utilized for in this location.
  2. Although there is a popular myth that the dwelling monks would take the dogs with them when they went out in search of weary travelers, this is not supported by any evidence.
  3. The Saint Bernards of this period were responsible for at least 2,500 rescues of lost or fatigued travelers, according to historical records.
  4. It wasn’t until the late 1880s that the breed began to be accepted into kennel associations all around the world, which was a significant milestone.


Despite their age, Saint Bernard dogs have the same kind and inviting characteristics that they had decades ago. They are also wonderful when it comes to children. When it comes to youngsters, the Saint Bernard has a calm and tolerant nature. They will have a good time running about and playing, but they will not be a danger to a child’s safety. In the event that you and your family decide to adopt a Saint Bernard puppy, be sure to socialize them as soon as possible. A diversity of persons, places, and even noises should be introduced to your Saint Bernard puppy to maximize his or her development.


A diet of high-quality commercial dog food will typically suffice for a Saint Bernard’s nutritional needs. This refers to dog food that is developed for huge breeds of dogs, in particular. Many dogs are prone to become overweight quite quickly. This is why it’s crucial to control the amount of food that your Saint Bernard consumes while also keeping an eye on their weight and overall physique and condition. To be considered healthy, the St. Bernard’s weight should normally remain between 140 and 180 pounds.

It is often the case that making homemade dog food for a dog with allergies is exactly what the dog requires.

However, it’s crucial to discuss this with your Saint Bernard’s veterinarian before making any changes to their food. In this way, their veterinarian may be involved in the process, making recommendations and monitoring their development on their new diet.

Health Problems

Hip dysplasia is a frequent health condition in dogs of many different breeds, including the Saint Bernard, and is caused by a genetic mutation. While visiting the Saint Bernard rescue, you may inquire with the staff about the possibility of any previous difficulties with hip or elbow dysplasia in the Saint Bernard that you wish to adopt from the facility. There are a variety of different health issues that Saint Bernards have been known to suffer from in the past. Epilepsy, Dilated Cardiomyopathy, Cataracts, and allergies are only a few examples.

A breeder should be able to provide you with information on the health history of both the parents and the puppy.

It is possible to treat epilepsy with medicine and adequate general care, allowing your Saint Bernard to enjoy a long and healthy life with you.

It is treatable with a healthy diet, medicine, and rest, although the outcome is not always favorable when dealing with this ailment.


There isn’t much that can be said about the Saint Bernard dog breed that isn’t positive. Saint Bernard is a name that says it all – they are saints. Throughout history, this breed has assisted monks in the Alps in rescuing and caring for lost and exhausted travelers, carrying out the work of the saints in the process. They have a calm and loving disposition, which makes them a fantastic family dog who will love and defend their family for the rest of their days on earth.

Do st bernards shed?

St. Bernards are unquestionably a breed that sheds and sheds a lot, leaving fur all over the place. For the most part, this is true during the spring and summer months. You will want to keep on top of brushing and grooming your St Bernard dog in order to reduce the quantity of fur that you will have to vacuum up around your house and apartment.

How big do Saint Bernards get?

St Bernards normally grow to be between 28 and 30 inches tall and weigh between 140 and 180 pounds, depending on the breed. The majority of the time, their personalities are calm and non-aggressive, yet their stature may still be scary.

How long do Saint Bernards live?

A healthy, well-cared-for St Bernard will live an average of 8 to 10 years if he is kept in good condition. On rare occasions, there have been reports of St Bernards having a long and happy life of 13 years, according to historical sources. This is not to imply that your St Bernard won’t be able to live up to these expectations.

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St. Bernard Lifespan

St. Bernards are peaceful yet strong canines who are considered to be one of the most popular of the large breeds. The longevity of the St. Bernard, on the other hand, is significantly lower than that of other breeds. They have a peaceful disposition and brown coats with white markings on them, which can be short or long depending on their size. The ability of a St. Bernard to blend in with the family is maybe their most endearing characteristic. St. Bernards, on the other hand, are excellent with children and make excellent nanny dogs since they are calm and vigilant by nature.

Adult men are expected to stand at 27.5 inches at the shoulder, while girls are expected to be a little bit shorter. Because they live for a shorter period of time than other breeds, their owners prefer to treasure every moment they have spent with them.

St. Bernard Life Expectancy

Saint Bernards live an average of 8 to 10 years, depending on the breed. This breed has a lifetime that is significantly lower than that of many other breeds. Dogs of bigger stature, on the other hand, are more likely to have shorter lives than their smaller counterparts. Their enormous size is the cause of their accelerated aging, which is far faster than that of other dog breeds. In addition, they grow more susceptible to life-threatening illnesses such as cancer as they age. The typical lifespan of a dog is roughly 10 to 13 years, however the longevity of a Saint Bernard is only about 10 to 13 years.

However, if specific precautions are put in place for bigger breeds, the quality of their lives can be improved and their lifespans can be extended.

Bernards live longer lives by providing them with good nourishment, setting aside specific periods for them to exercise, and providing them with regular socialization opportunities.

How Can I Extend The Life Of My Saint Bernard

You should pay great attention to your St. Bernard’s nutritional intake because he has a shorter life expectancy than many other breeds. Because his life is in your hands, you must give your St. Bernard high-nutrient food because he cannot survive without it. If you give your dog commercially manufactured or home-made dog food, it should be of good quality and of consistent consistency. Raw meals that are high in protein and low in fat are generally beneficial to large breed dogs. This is due to the fact that when large breed dogs are overweight, they are more likely to acquire a variety of ailments early in life.

  1. They must also be strong in protein and provide all of the essential nutrients that your St.
  2. Before making any decisions, be certain that your veterinarian authorizes the foods in question.
  3. Please bear in mind that your dog will go through many stages in his life, and you will need to provide him food that is appropriate for each of those times.
  4. Prior to everything else, you should follow a tight regimen when it comes to what you feed your dog and how often you feed him, since obesity should be avoided at all costs.
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Despite the fact that St. Bernards are enormous breeds, they do not require tremendous quantities of activity in order to remain in good health. St. Bernards should engage in moderate physical activity, which would be around one hour each day for them. Taking them for a short stroll might be adequate, or you could involve them in play activities that they would like. Taking him on treks and camping excursions is OK, but keep in mind that St. Bernards are predisposed to hip dysplasia and other joint issues as they age.

  1. Bernards to participate in activities that involve young children or humans in general.
  2. When it comes to training, keep in mind that St.
  3. An excellent trainer is an investment that should not be overlooked.
  4. Bernards are bright dogs that are easy to teach.
  5. The investment in training your dog, whether you hire a professional or do it yourself, so that your dog learns about the type of conduct you want is one of the finest investments that you can make.

This is due to the fact that dogs who have been taught tend to be happier since they are able to make their owners happy.

Visit The Vet Regularly

Because many times a St. Bernard will not become ill as a result of the aging process, but rather as a result of one of the many ailments that accompany old age, regular veterinarian appointments are essential. You will benefit from seeing your veterinarian because he or she can detect issues and treat them immediately rather than waiting until they become uncontrollable. This demonstrates the significance of the veterinarian. A veterinarian may also provide advice on diet and the overall care of your St.

Your buddies will be able to detect if there are any severe concerns that require your attention based on the indications and symptoms that are present.

Bernard owner in order to extend the life of your dog.

Bernard in order to prevent him against potentially fatal infections such as adenovirus, canine distemper, and canine hepatitis.


A healthy diet, regular exercise, and regular appointments to the veterinarian can only get you so far. Part of extending the life span of your St. Bernard’s begins with genetics and breeding practices. Knowing your dog’s family tree and genetic background might assist you in making decisions that will help him live longer. If a dog’s parents can live a little longer than average, his progeny will most likely do the same. Another thing that might be beneficial is to know the height and weight of the parents.

As a result, if you discover that your dog’s parents were somewhat smaller than usual, it is possible that your dog may live a little longer than average.

In addition, research has revealed that mixed dogs have a longer life expectancy than purebred dogs.

Bernard has been bred with a breed of a lesser size, he may live a little longer as well.

Overweight Saint Bernards Live Shorter Lives

According to a study done by experts at the University of Gottingen in Germany, giant breed dogs who gain an excessive amount of weight are more likely to have shorter life spans than other breeds. This is analogous to the condition of overweight adults in humans. They are at higher risk for a variety of lifestyle disorders, such as heart disease and diabetes, than the general population. When your dog is overweight by a little 4.4 lb, it is anticipated that his life would be cut short by a startling one month, according to the experts.

The life expectancy of a St.

Bernard may be increased by modifying his lifestyle and simply providing him with the greatest food available. At addition, you should take into consideration the stage in which your dog is now at; for example, you would feed a senior dog in a different manner than you would a puppy.

Do Mixed St. Bernards Live Longer Than Purebred Ones?

When it comes to life expectancy, mixed breeds have a tiny edge over purebreds since they live much longer lives than purebreds. This claim is supported by a large number of research. In general, we know that smaller breed dogs live the longest lives, but mixed breed dogs have far longer lives than large breed dogs. However, this is only true in the case of St. Bernards when they are crossed with lesser breeds. If two huge breed dogs were to mate and produce children, the longevity of the progeny would not be increased in any manner.

Additionally, the mix and ancestry of the animals may assist to lessen the probability of several illnesses that affect larger breeds in this area.

St. Bernard Age Groups Explained

Who doesn’t adore a well-behaved puppy? However, while St. Bernards produce gorgeous pups and are little bugs when they are young, they do not remain that way for long since they develop into the huge breed that everyone is familiar with. The talents that they will require throughout their lives will be developed during this period when they are sensitive and fragile.


While going through this period, you may expect your St. Bernard to go through heat cycles as he becomes more familiar with his surroundings. At this point, he will have completed the majority of his growth (between 70 and 80 percent). If you have not previously done so, you should begin training immediately. Because an untrained dog of this size may bring you a great deal of grief and inconvenience.


When your St. Bernard reaches maturity, he or she will have reached maximum development, but many of them may acquire weight, particularly if their meals are uneven. This should be avoided at all costs by being mindful of their weight and age. Adulthood does not imply that they have lost their ability to be playful, however they do tend to outgrow this trait with time.


The mental and physical health of your St. Bernard may begin to deteriorate at this point. It is also the period of year when they are most likely to contract deadly infections. You will need to modify his diet to match the fact that he is becoming older and less active.

Does NeuteringSpaying Affect St. Bernard Lifespan

Dogs that are not spayed or neutered are more likely to get infections that can be deadly. In order to compensate for this, they often have shorter life spans, thus spaying and neutering your dog may indirectly help to extend its life. His breed, the St. Bernard, is prone to developing specific sorts of malignancies that harm their reproductive organs if they are not spayed or neutered. Additionally, when your St. Bernard is spayed or neutered, he will be less likely to stray and damage himself.

It is important to remember that spaying or neutering your St. Bernard too early might be detrimental to his health. Consult with your veterinarian, who will be able to tell you when the most appropriate time is to do this treatment on your animal.

Saint Bernard Common Health Issues That Can Affect Their Lifespan

As a big breed, St. Bernards are susceptible to a variety of ailments and have a shorter lifetime than other dogs of similar size. Since a dog owner, being aware of these diseases can help you to extend the life of your dog, as early diagnosis and even prevention can make treatment more effective and less time consuming. The following are examples of probable health problems:


As a giant breed, St. Bernards are susceptible to a variety of diseases and have a shorter lifespan than other dogs of their size. In addition, being aware of these diseases, as a dog owner, can help you to extend the life of your dog because early diagnosis and even prevention can make treatments more manageable. Listed below are some of the potential health risks:

Canine Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM)

This is a cardiac ailment that affects the heart muscles, causing them to become weak and thin, causing them to have difficulty contracting as they should ordinarily. Depression, weight loss, loss of appetite, swollen hands, and an expanded abdomen are some of the indications and symptoms that your dog is suffering from this ailment.


Because your St. Bernard is at risk for developing epilepsy, he may experience unexpected seizures. The illness is classified as either primary or secondary since it affects both men and women. There are two basic varieties of this disorder: primary and secondary.


This is an eye condition characterized by the inward rolling of the eyelids as a result of hair rubbing against the cornea. Your St. Bernard will experience irritation, perforation, and discomfort as a result of this.

Elbow Dysplasia and Hip Dysplasia

Joint disorders in dogs are defined as those that affect the joints of the dog. They are considered to be genetic, and anti-inflammatories can be used to alleviate their symptoms. They are more common in bigger dogs, although they can also occur in other breeds as well.

St. Bernard Lifespan FAQs

St. Bernards typically live between 8 and 10 years, but with adequate care, some of them may survive for up to 15 years. The world’s oldest St. Bernard, according to legend, lived in the United Kingdom for 13 years and was buried there.

Does A St. Bernard Live Longer Than A Newfoundland Dog?

St. Bernards and Newfoundlands are both huge dogs with a lifetime of 8 to 10 years, which is similar to that of St. Bernards. They are also affected by ailments that are comparable to theirs, such as heart disease and hip dysplasia.

Final Words

Another strategy to extend the life of your St. Bernard is to provide him with a clean and safe environment to live in. This basic practice is sometimes ignored, but it is extremely vital to your St. Bernard’s health and well-being. A large number of dogs get into mischief and come into touch with potentially hazardous materials. As a dog owner, it is your responsibility to guarantee that this does not occur. Ensure that the environment in which your St. Bernard is housed is clean and healthy as well.

Make certain that he gets enough of exercise and has plenty of area to run about and play. You should check on him on a daily basis to ensure that the water you provide him is clean and fresh. The heat is particularly unpleasant for St. Bernards. They have a tendency to thrive in colder climates.

Saint Bernard Dog Breed – Facts and Traits

Saint Bernards are extremely huge, strong, and muscular dogs with a lot of muscle. The height and weight of a male Saint Bernard can vary between 28 and 30 inches, and he can weigh between 140 and 180 pounds on average (63 to 81 kilograms). When it comes to women’s height and weight, they might be anywhere from 26 to 28 inches, or between 120 and 140 pounds (54 to 63 kilograms). Dogs with long or short hair can be used in this experiment. Red and white, brown and white, and brindle and white are some of the coat colors available.

The ears are positioned high on the skull and are floppy in appearance.

The forehead has a few wrinkles on it.

Because the dogs are so enormous, they take significantly longer to reach full maturity than many other breeds.


Saint Bernards are gentle, affectionate dogs. They are likely to overcome a stranger’s first trepidation of approaching such a huge dog because of their inherent friendliness. Saint Bernards, on the other hand, are as ready to protect members of their own family when they fear are in danger. Saints can be especially beneficial to families with well-behaved children because of their friendliness, gentleness, and tolerance for them. Saints are known for being especially sympathetic and patient with children, and they take care not to damage them.

Living With:

The Saint Bernard is a highly gregarious creature. Nothing makes him happier than being a part of the household activities. This dog, on the other hand, is likely to pout if he believes that he is being left out of the festivities. Because the adult Saint is so enormous, proper training is essential, and the earlier it is started, the better. On rare occasions, the breed has been known to be recalcitrant. However, if a Saint realizes what is required of him, his natural desire to please others will usually outweigh any stubbornness on the part of the Saint.

Regular brushing will aid in reducing the amount of shedding.

A dog’s hips and elbows may become more strained as a result of carrying an excessive amount of weight.

Saint Bernards, like other very large breeds, have very short lifetimes, as do other large breeds in general. The average life expectancy is between 8 and 10 years.


Saint Bernards are large, strong canines with profound origins in myth and mythology. They are also known as “giant dogs.” Although the dog is usually assumed to have originated at a monastery-hospice in the Swiss Alps in the 11th century, the dog’s first documented appearance at the monastery, or anyplace else, came almost 600 years later, according to historical records. Experts think that the earliest monastery dogs were bred to serve as watchdogs for the monasteries. Their life-saving powers, on the other hand, were discovered rather quickly.

Saints of today are remembered not just for their historical feats, but also for their love and dedication to their human companions, particularly children.

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