How Did Saint Valentine Died

Saint Valentine

‘St. Valentine’ is the name of one or two mythical Christian martyrs whose lives appear to have been based on real events (died 3rd century Rome; feast day February 14). Despite the fact that the Roman Catholic Church still recognizes St. Valentine as a saint of the church, he was removed from the General Roman Calendar in 1969 due to a lack of solid information concerning him. He is the patron saint of lovers, epileptics, and beekeepers, among many other things. Saint Valentine is said to have been a Roman physician who died as a martyr during the persecution of Christians by EmperorClaudius II Gothicus about the year 270, according to some traditions.

Other accounts refer to him as thebishopofTerni, Italy, who was martyred, probably also inRome, and whose remains were afterwards transferred to Terni, according to the accounts.

A letter sent to his jailer’s daughter, whom he had befriended and healed of her blindness, was signed “from your Valentine” by St.

In another version of the story, he broke the emperor’s instructions and secretly married couples in order to save the husbands from fighting in the war.

greeting cardValentine’s Day greeting card from the United States, about 1910.

Who was St. Valentine? Did he die for love? Where are his bones? (Video)

St. Valentine’s Day is a religious holiday celebrated in the Roman Catholic Church on February 14th to commemorate the patron saint of loves. (Greg Garrison can be reached at [email protected]) According to Christian legend, St. Valentine served as a priest in the city of Rome during the reign of Emperor Claudius II. Claudio was having trouble recruiting enough recruits for his army, which he blamed to the fact that men were unwilling to leave their wives and kids. “He intended to broaden his dominion,” said the Rev.

  • Valentine in its cathedral.
  • As a result, he did not want them to tie the knot.” As a result, Claudius prohibited weddings and engagements.
  • Valentine believed it was critical that sexuality be maintained within the confines of the sacrament of marriage as part of the new Christian religion that was being established.” Valentine ignored the ruling and proceeded to perform weddings despite the prohibition.
  • According to Christian legend, he was put to death on February 14, around 269 A.D.
  • Valentine died as a martyr in order to maintain the significance of love and marriage.
  • A gift from Pope Gregory to a Carmelite friar in Dublin in 1836 resulted in the shipment of the bones of St.
  • The church is a year-round destination for lovers who come to pray.
  • Rather, they seek the blessing of St.

Valentine in the hopes that his blessing would ensure that they remain together – commitment, perseverance, constancy, and, above all, belief in the sacrament of matrimony.” Please keep in mind that if you purchase something after clicking on one of our affiliate links, we may receive a fee.

St. Valentine: Executed for Love

In 270 C.E., Valentine was clubbed to death and then beheaded on February 14, as part of a Christian persecution. In a manner, it may be claimed that he died for love, and it is possible that this is why his feast day, which was instituted by Pope Gelasius in 496 C.E., has come to be connected with romance.” Who knows what Love’s involvement is in all of this. What we can say is that if you are opposed to the death sentence, please join up here right now, or even better, make a donation here, or via PayPal, here!

  1. It’s really interesting!
  2. Every year, on the eve of February, love notes or “billets” would be delivered to the homes of partner men and women in preparation for feasting and sexual games.
  3. In an effort to keep the erotic celebrations under control, the Christian church persuaded people to replace the names of saints for the names of gods.
  4. In what should have come as no surprise, this more conservative form of Lupercalia was met with widespread hostility and ultimately died out quickly.
  5. They decided to subtly modify the blatantly sexual element of Lupercalia by turning it into a “festival for romance!” As was the case in previous battles, the Church chose a single saint to go up against the pagan goddess Juno – St.
  6. Furthermore, because Valentinus was killed on February 14, the Church was able to postpone the yearly celebration of Lupercalia, which falls on February 14.
  7. It’s possible that the Church “enhanced” St.

Because it occurred so long ago, there are no records of what transpired.

The Roman Emperor Valentinus, according to mythology, disobeyed an imperial order that barred all weddings and betrothals.

While imprisoned, the future Saint was able to heal a little girl of her blindness (the jailer’s daughter).

He managed to slip a goodbye note to the daughter just before his execution on the eve of his execution.

Valentine’s actions at Rome in C.E.

Claudius believed that married men made bad warriors because they would not want to abandon their families while fighting in the field.

In private, Valentine, the bishop of Interamna, asked young couples to come to him for the rite of matrimony, where he united them in the covenant of marriage.

Having been inspired by the young priest’s dignity and conviction, the emperor sought to convert him to the worship of the Roman gods in order to prevent him from being executed.

Historiography also tells that during his confinement in prison, Valentine fell in love with Asterius, the blind daughter of the jailer who had imprisoned him.

His goodbye telegram to her was signed “From Your Valentine,” a phrase that would linger on long after its creator had passed away.

His death may be seen as a sacrifice for love, and it is possible that his feast day, which was instituted by Pope Gelasius in 496 C.E., has come to be identified with the subject of love.

Here’s another one of those intriguing run-downs.

Valentine as a death penalty victim, as published on February 14 by Abe Bonowitz, former director of Death Penalty Action (from 1997 to 2005) at the United States-based Citizens United for Alternatives to the Death Penalty.

Thank you to Abe for granting us permission to reprint it here.) And while you’re here, be sure to check out the t-shirts! More designs may be found at

The ‘real’ St. Valentine was no patron of love

Valentine’s Day is celebrated on February 14th, when sweethearts of all ages will exchange greeting cards, flowers, sweets, and other extravagant gifts in the honor of St. Valentine. However, as a scholar of Christian history, I can assure you that at the heart of our modern celebration is a wonderful fantasy that deserves to be celebrated. St. Valentine was not a lover or a saint of love in the traditional sense. It is really believed that Valentine’s Day started as a liturgical celebration commemorating a third-century Christian martyr, or maybe two, who were beheaded.

Early origins of St. Valentine

It has been discovered that multiple Saint Valentines died on February 14th, according to ancient texts. Two of them were executed during the reign of Roman Emperor Claudius Gothicus, from 269 to 270 A.D., during a time when persecution of Christians was widespread throughout the Roman world. What evidence do we have to support this? Because a monastic order of Belgian monks spent three centuries gathering evidence for the lives of saints from manuscript archives all around the known world, resulting in the publication of the Saints’ Lives.

Using every scrap of information they could find on every saint listed on the liturgical calendar, they reproduced the texts in the order in which the saint’s feast day fell on the calendar.

The Valentine martyrs

It is the stories of a handful of “Valentini” that are included in the volume that includes February 14, including the first three of whom died in the third century. An epileptic receives a benediction from St. Valentine. Images courtesy of Wellcome Images, CC BY Valentinus, along with 24 other warriors, is claimed to have died in Africa while he was a child. Unfortunately, not even the Bollandists were able to uncover any further information on him. As the monks were well aware, often the only thing the saints left behind was their name and the date of their death.

The tale of Valentinus, which was repeated in the “Acta” and was accompanied with Bollandist criticism of the narrative’s historical relevance, tells of a Roman priest called Valentinus who was captured during the reign of Emperor Gothicus and placed in the care of an aristocrat named Asterius.

  1. Father Valentinus went on and on about Christ bringing pagans out of the shadow of death and into the light of truth and redemption, and he did not stop talking.
  2. When the girl’s eyes were closed, Valentinus placed his hands over hers and chanted: “Lord Jesus Christ, en-lighten your handmaid,” because “you are God, the True Light.” It’s as simple as that.
  3. Asterius was baptized together with his entire family.
  4. Valentinus, on the other hand, was the only one who was decapitated.

A religious widow, on the other hand, managed to escape with his body and had it interred at the place of his execution on the Via Flaminia, an old roadway that ran from Rome to present-day Rimini. Later, a chapel was constructed over the bones of the saint.

St. Valentine was not a romantic

Valentinus was a bishop in the Italian city of Terni, in the province of Umbria, during the third century. St. Valentine is on his knees. David Teniers III is the son of David Teniers II. According to an equally shady narrative, Terni’s bishop found himself in a similar scenario to the other Valentinus when he debated a possible convert and then healed his kid. It is also quite similar to the remainder of the story: he, too, was executed on the orders of Emperor Gothicus, and his body was buried along the Via Flaminia.

  • Regardless matter whether they were African, Roman, or Umbrian, none of the Valentines appears to have been very amorous.
  • Valentine as executing Christian marriage ceremonies or as transferring messages between Christian lovers imprisoned by Gothicus, among other things.
  • However, as the Bollandists pointed out, none of these medieval legends had any historical basis in third-century history.
  • Valentine performs the baptism of St.
  • Jacopo Bassano is a composer from Italy (Jacopo da Ponte) However, historical accuracy did not have much of an impact on the beliefs of medieval Christians.
  • To be true, several separate churches and monasteries across medieval Europe claimed to hold fragments of St.
  • The church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome, for example, still has a whole skull on display.
  • Peter and Paul in Prague, Saint Mary’s Assumption in Chelmno, Poland, as well as churches in Malta, Birmingham, Glasgow, and the Greek island of Lesbos have claimed to own slivers and bits of one or more of St.
  • It was believed that by possessing martyrs’ relics, believers might ensure that the saints’ unseen presence continued among congregations of pious Christians.
  • However, as far as we know, the saint’s bones did nothing extraordinary for those who were in love.
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Unlikely pagan origins

Books, essays, and blog posts have all been written by researchers deconstructing Valentine and his day. Some believe that the present event is a Christian reinterpretation of the more ancient Roman festival of Lupercalia, which takes place in mid-February. When Lupercalia first began as a rural male cult ceremony involving the sacrifice of goats and dogs, it was considered a rite of passage; nevertheless, it eventually transformed into an urban carnival. While the celebrations were going on, half-naked young men rushed through the streets of Rome, streaking people with thongs made from the skins of freshly slaughtered goats.

Pope Gelasius, on the other hand, is said to have chastised the boisterous event in 496 A.D. But there is no indication that the Pope intended to replace Lupercalia with the more tranquil religion of the martyred Saint Valentine or any other Christian festival on design, as has been suggested.

Chaucer and the love birds

The connection between St. Valentinus and love most likely emerged more than a thousand years after the martyrs’ deaths, when Geoffrey Chaucer, author of “The Canterbury Tales,” dedicated the February feast of St. Valentinus to the mating of birds. “For this occurred on the day of Seynt Volantynys,” he wrote in his “Parlement of Foules.” When every bryd comes to chese his craft,” says the narrator. During Chaucer’s time period, it appears that English birds coupled off around February to create eggs.

Example: In February 1415, the French Duke of Orléans, who had spent several years as a prisoner at the Tower of London, wrote to his wife and expressed his displeasure with love (by which he meant lovesick.) He also referred to her as his “very kind Valentine.” The concept of February mating was well received by English audiences.

It was made simpler by industrialization, which generated mass-produced graphic cards decorated with smarmy poetry.

Valentine’s Day sweets are available.

Merchants pack their shelves with Valentine’s Day sweets, jewelry, and other Cupid-related goods, all of which beg the question, “Be My Valentine.” This desire does not need the killing of the majority of lovers.

Invisible Valentines

It appears that the formerly venerated saint who inspired the festival of love has become as elusive as love itself. In spite of this, as St. Augustine, the famous fifth-century theologian and philosopher, stated in his dissertation on “Faith in Invisible Things,” “someone does not have to be standing in front of our eyes in order for us to be in love with them.” St. Valentine and his renown as the patron saint of love, like love itself, are not things of historical fact, but rather matters of faith.

10 Facts About Saint Valentine

Valentine, a Roman priest who lived in the year 270, was stoned to death and then decapitated on February 14, 270. Saint Valentine’s Day was established on February 14th, 496, by Pope Gelasius in commemoration of his sacrifice. For hundreds of years, St. Valentine has been connected with romance, love, and devotion among men and women. Despite this, nothing is known about his existence – it is not even clear whether he was a single individual or a pair of individuals. Here are some interesting facts about the man who created Valentine’s Day.

1. He was a 3rd century Roman clergyman

An unknown Roman priest named Valentine was stoned to death and decapitated on February 14, around 270 years ago. Saint Valentine’s Day was established on February 14th, 496, by Pope Gelasius as a memorial to his sacrifice. St. Valentine has been connected with romance, love, and devotion for hundreds of years.

There is, however, little information available about his existence – it is not even certain whether he was a single individual or if he was two. Discover 10 fascinating facts about the guy responsible for Valentine’s Day.

2. He had the power of healing

According to one common narrative, St. Valentine was a previous bishop of Terni, which is located in central Italy. The two men discussed their various religious beliefs while each were placed under house arrest by Judge Asterius. St. Valentine was visited by Asterius, who brought his adopted blind daughter to him and requested him to assist her in seeing again. Valentine, who was praying to God, placed his hands on the kid’s eyes, and the youngster was able to see again. The judge was immediately humiliated and converted to Christianity, becoming baptized, and releasing all of his Christian captives, including Valentine, in the process.

Tristan Hughes delves into the history of the revolt in 60/61 AD, which was headed by Boudica, the enigmatic warrior queen who has remained a mystery.

3. “From Your Valentine” originates from a letter of his

Years after his release, Valentine was caught for evangelism once more and imprisoned before being handed over to Claudius II. Apparently, the emperor took a fancy to him, at least until Valentine attempted to persuade him to convert to Christianity. Valentine refused and was sentenced to death by Claudius, who demanded that he either forsake his religion or face the consequences of his actions. A message to Asterius’ daughter was written on the day of his execution, and it was addressed to the kid whom he had healed of blindness and befriended.

4. His skull is on display in Rome

Rome’s Santa Maria in Cosmedin Church, where a relic of St. Valentine can be seen (Photo courtesy of Dnalor 01 and Creative Commons). According to the official history of the Diocese of Terni, Valentine’s body was quickly buried in a cemetery close to where he was killed before his disciples were able to recover his body and bring him back to his hometown of Terni. The discovery of skeleton bones and other relics related with St. Valentine came about as a result of the excavation of a catacomb near Rome in the early nineteenth century.

Its head, which has been embellished with flowers, may be seen on display in the Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosemedin in Rome, and other pieces of his bones can be seen in the United Kingdom (Scotland), France, Ireland, and the Czech Republic.

5. His blood was gifted by Pope Gregory XVI

In 1836, the Carmelite priest John Spratt received a gift from Pope Gregory XVI (1765-1846) that contained a “small jar stained” with the blood of St. Valentine. The gift was from Pope Gregory XVI (1765-1846). Thereafter, the gift was transported to the Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church in Dublin, where it is still on display today. The church continues to be a popular destination for pilgrims, especially on St. Valentine’s Day, when individuals seeking love go to the chapel in droves.

6. He is the patron saint of epilepsy

St.

Valentine’s sacramental responsibilities do not end with interceding for loving couples and marriages. As well as beekeepers and travelers, he is also the patron saint of epilepsy, the plague, fainting, and the occult.

7. He may have been two different people

Pope Gelasius I questioned St. Valentine’s identification as early as 496, referring to him and his actions as “known only to God.” He also referred to him and his actions as “known only to God.” The ‘Catholic Encyclopaedia’ and other hagiographical texts refer to three distinct Saint Valentines who occur in association with the 14th of February in different places. Valentine is described as a temple priest who was murdered in Rome for assisting Christian couples in their marriage according to one 15th century source.

While the two legends are similar, there was enough dispute about his identity that the Catholic Church decided to suspend liturgical worship of him in 1969.

8. There are actually many St. Valentines

In Late Antiquity, the name “Valentinus” – derived from the Latin wordvalens, which means “strong, honorable, and powerful” – became popular. The Roman Catholic Church commemorates around 11 more saints who have the name Valentine, or a variant thereof, in addition to St. Valentine. The most recent Valentine to be beautified was St. Valentine Berrio-Ochoa of Ellorio, Spain, who served as bishop in Vietnam until he was executed in 1861. He was the most recent Valentine to be beautified. There was also a Pope Valentine, who reigned for two months in 827 and was the first pope to do so.

Valentine of Rome, in order to distinguish him from the other St.

The Lupercalian Festival in Rome, created by the Adam Eisheimer Circle (photo courtesy of Christie’s).

9. His association with love began in the Middle Ages

Since the Middle Ages, St. Valentine’s Day has been connected with the tradition of courtly love and courtly courtship. According to popular belief, birds began mating in the middle of February. Every year during this time period, 14 February is commemorated as a day that brought lovers together, with the most lyrical reference being “the birds and the bees.” According to historians Alban Butler and Francis Douce from the 18th century, Valentine’s Day was most likely invented to supplant the pagan festival Lupercalia, which was celebrated on February 14th.

Simon Elliott, Barbara Birley, Adrian Goldsworthy, Catherine Nixey, Miles Russell, and Lindsay Powell are among the Roman historians and archaeologists who will be included.

10. Valentine’s Day may have been an invention by Chaucer

Prior to Chaucer’s ‘Parlement of Foules’, which was published in 1375, there is no concrete proof of the amorous celebrations that took place on 14 February. Using his poem, Chaucer linked the celebration of St. Valentine’s Day, when birds – and humans – gathered together to find a mate, to a tradition of courtly love that had existed for hundreds of years.

The following is what he wrote:For this was sent on the day of Seynt Valentyne / When every vile cometh ther to pick his mate By the 1400s, nobility who had been influenced by Chaucer were penning poetry known as “valentines” to express their feelings for their love interests.

History of St. Valentine

What was the life of Saint Valentine like, and how did he come to be the inspiration for Valentine’s Day? Three separate Saint Valentines are named in the early martyrologies, all of whom share the date of February 14th as their feast day. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of historical evidence. St. Valentine was born in Rome and trained as a priest and physician. During the persecution of Emperor Claudius II, the Goth, he, together with St. Marius and his family, comforted the martyrs in their suffering.

  • Valentine was caught, condemned to death for his beliefs, tortured with clubs, and eventually decapitated on February 14, AD 270.
  • Several centuries later, Pope Julius I (333-356) constructed a basilica on the site, which still houses St.
  • Evidence of the tomb of St.
  • He was canonized in the thirteenth century and his remains were moved to the Church of Saint Praxedes, which is located near the Basilica of St.
  • Another notable addition is the construction of a small church near the Flaminian Gate of Rome, which is now known as the Porta del Popolo but was known as “the Gate of St.
  • 1143), who is second only to St.
  • The Bishop of Interamna was the second St.
  • According to Prefect Placidus’s instructions, he was detained, scourged, and beheaded as well, and he was subjected to persecution once again under the reign of Emperor Claudius II.
  • Valentine was martyred in Africa around the fourth century.
  • All all, seven individuals, each of whom was known as St.
  • When it comes to the widespread rituals of demonstrating love and devotion on St.
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When it came to choosing his spouse on Seynt Valentyne’s day, Chaucer wrote in his “Parliament of Foules” (in Old English): “For this was on Seynt Valentyne’s day, When every foul comethther to pick his mate.” The day was therefore designated as “lovers’ day” and encouraged the exchange of letters, presents, and other tokens of devotion.

Valentine’s day and every bird choosethhimself a mate, and if it like you to come on Thursday night, and makeprovision that you may abide until then, I trust to God that ye shall speak to my husband and I shall pray that we may bring the matter to a conclusion.” Another literary example of St.

I recommend myself to you, right reverend and worshipful, as well as my right well beloved Valentine, with a heartfelt wish to hear about your well-being, which I implore Almighty God to keep safe till His pleasure and your heart’s desire.” While discussing the romantic undertones of Valentine’s Day, no mention is made of St.

  • It appears that the exchange of “valentines” is the consequence of secular tradition, not the remembrance of St.
  • The love of our Lord, which is vividly expressed in the picture of His most Sacred Heart, is a love that is self-less, unconditional, and self-sacrificing.
  • Clearly, St.
  • On this Valentine’s Day, each individual should renew his or her love for the Lord, following in the footsteps of this great saint, for only in doing so can he or she truly love those who have been committed to his or her care, as well as any other neighbor.
  • Remember what Jesus said: “Never forget who you are.” “Love one another in the same way that I have loved you, is my mandate.

There is no greater love than this: to give one’s life for the sake of one’s companions ” (Jn 15:12-13). This mandate was carried out by St. Valentine, and we should strive to do the same.

Acknowledgement

a Reverend William Saunders “The Life and Times of Saint Valentine.” The Arlington Catholic Herald is a newspaper published in Arlington, Virginia. Unless otherwise stated, this piece is reproduced with permission from the Arlington Catholic Herald.

The Author

Pastor of Our Lady of Hope church in Potomac Falls, Virginia, Father William Saunders is a native of the United Kingdom. Currently, he serves as dean of Christendom College’s Notre Dame Graduate School. The preceding item is an excerpt from a “Straight Answers” column he wrote for the Arlington Catholic Herald in Arlington, Virginia. Straight Answers, a book based on 100 of Father Saunders’ columns, and Straight Answers II are among the books written by Father Saunders. Arlington Catholic Herald (Arlington, Virginia, 2003).

He Lived and Died for Love the Real Story behind Valentine’s Day

Most likely, on Valentine’s Day, you will either give or get a Valentine from a friend or loved one. More than a billion dollars is likely to be distributed just within the United States. Who is it that receives Valentine’s Day cards? According to Hallmark Cards, the following groups of individuals are the most likely to get them: teachers, children, moms, wives, and sweethearts. According to the Hartz pet food manufacturer, just 3% of pet owners would even offer a Valentine’s Day gift to their dogs this year.

  1. What creates a sense of coziness is the tale that surrounds the occasion itself.
  2. Imperial control over the Roman Empire came to an end in the third century under Emperor Claudius II Gothicus.
  3. As a matter of fact, he became involved in so many battles throughout the third century that he was having difficulty enlisting enough men to fight in them.
  4. Because of the actions of a dictator, the aspirations of many couples for marriage were crushed.
  5. Taking a Stand for Love Valentine, a modest Christian priest, was the one who came forth and spoke out in defense of love.
  6. Emperor Claudius learned of the secret ceremonies in 269 AD, and he was furious.
  7. During his imprisonment, Valentine fell in love with a blind girl who happened to be the jailer’s daughter, and the two were engaged.

According to legend, his words enabled the blind woman to sight once again.

St.

They may have slain the guy, but they were unable to extinguish his spirit.

Following his canonization, the Catholic Church established a feast day to commemorate his life and accomplishments.

It may come as a surprise to learn that Valentine’s Day is based on the notion of love in marriage, but this is true.

While sending a gift and a card, hosting a candlelight dinner, and exchanging special words of love on Valentine’s Day are all significant, the genuine spirit of the holiday must linger throughout the rest of the year as well.

Set out a date night every week or two on your calendars–just to spend time together and speak about nothing in particular.

When was the last time you and your friends laughed as you told a hilarious tale to each other?

Live life with a smile on your face!

Find a sport or activity that you and your partner will both love, such as fishing, bowling, tennis, hiking, or bicycling.

Send your spouse a message of encouragement in the mail once in a while, just to express your affection for him or her.

(There are no pals permitted.) While Valentine’s Day is an excellent time to rekindle the flames of a healthy relationship, the best way to keep the flames burning brightly is for every day to be a Hallmark moment in your relationship.

First and foremost, put your family first. Permission has been granted to use. All intellectual property rights are retained. Please see the website for further details.

Who was Saint Valentine and why was he executed? love letters explained

Around 145 million cards are sent each year from lovers and spouses, with 25 million of them being sent in the United Kingdom.

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However, the history behind this date is really extremely gruesome, since it involves Saint Valentine in the year 269 AD. Written letters to the daughter of his captor’s daughter, inscribed “from your valentine,” were sent by Saint Valentine (Picture: Shutterstock) Here’s what we know about Saint Valentine, as well as why we commemorate his life on February 14th each year. Who was Saint Valentine, and what was his significance? Valentine was a priest or bishop in Rome around the third century after Christ, and he was known as the “Saint Valentine.” He is said to have been imprisoned by Roman emperor Claudius II as a result of his deception and refusal to comply with the emperor’s instructions to cease conducting Christian weddings.

  1. The Roman emperor Claudius had legislated against Christian doctrine because he did not want people to worship anybody else except himself.
  2. His friendship with Claudius became stronger, but when he attempted to convert the emperor to Christianity, he was sentenced to death.
  3. Claudius’ daughter is not believed to have had an intimate relationship with Saint Valentine, according to tradition.
  4. Pope Gelasius designated February 14th as Saint Valentine’s Day in 496 AD to commemorate the Christian martyr who died on this day.
  5. Saint Valentine was venerated as a patron saint of love and passion during the upper middle ages (1000-1250 AD).
  6. This features an artwork from a French 14th-century book depicting Valentine supervising the construction of his church in Terni, Italy.
  7. He is still revered as a saint by the Catholic Church, and his feast day is celebrated on the anniversary of his death, on February 14, which is his death anniversary.
  8. Lover’s Day is celebrated on February 14th, and Valentine is the patron saint of epilepsy and beekeepers.
  9. As a result of the legend that he signed his farewell letter with the words “from your Valentine,” the custom of sending and receiving anonymous Valentine cards, letters, and poetry from lovers began.
  10. “For this was despatched on Seynt Valentyne’s day / When every foul cometh ther to pick his mate,” he said.
  11. Valentine’s Day will be celebrated by roughly 75% of individuals in the United Kingdom, with millenials spending the most – approximately £32 per person.

A quarter of couples who are not living together will break lockdown to visit their spouse this year, according to Finder.co.uk, while others will arrange Zoom evenings and look forward to being together later in the year.

St. Valentine: How a beheaded martyr became the poster child for romantic love

February 9, 2020 at 16:26 (CST) in Chicago, Illinois A abundance of pink and red greeting cards, heart-shaped boxes of Russell Stover chocolates, and décor featuring nearly-naked chubby cherubs shooting hearts with bows and arrows can be seen in most stores in the weeks leading up to St. Valentine’s Day. As a Christian martyr, the actual Saint Valentine was bludgeoned to death and decapitated for his belief in the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Another difference is that it is a long cry from an early Roman fertility festival, which was also celebrated on February 14, in which men rushed through the streets slapping ladies with the flesh of recently-sacrificed animals.

  • According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, at least three separate Saint Valentines were mentioned in early martyrologies on the 14th of February, all of whom were named Valentine.
  • Valentine, who was an early Christian who was persecuted along with his companions, has also been mentioned, but it appears that nothing further is known about this probable saint.
  • Valentine commemorated today was two separate persons.
  • Valentine was a priest in Rome, while another claims that he was a bishop at the city of Interamna (Interlaken) (modern-day Terni).
  • In addition, it’s probable that they were the same individual.
  • by Claudius the Goth, the Roman emperor at the time.
  • Valentine, whether he was a priest or a bishop, was martyred on February 14, which is today recognized as Valentine’s Day in the United States.
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Following the rise of local devotion to him, Pope Julius I had a basilica dedicated to the saint constructed around two miles from Rome, over the site of Valentine’s burial place.

During the time of the broad persecution of Christians that began in the Roman empire, according to Lupton, St.

In more or less that time period, particularly in the mid-third century, there was a crisis in the Roman world known as the Third Century Crisis, in which the Roman world was in grave danger, according to Lupton, speaking to CNA.

Barbarian invasions were taking place at the time.

As a result, the first wave of widespread persecution of Christians was triggered.

Valentine’s life, according to Lupton, including the exchange of cards and the celebration of romantic love.

Other sources claim that sharing Valentine’s Day cards is a nod to St.

“Another version of the story claims that Claudius the Goth had indeed forbidden marriage amongst soldiers.

Thus, there was a tale that Valentine had secretly married troops in order to save his life “Lupton made the statement.

Valentine’s Day may have come to be observed as a day of love, according to Lupton, is because the avian mating season was believed to begin around the middle of February, which coincided with the start of the holiday.

Valentine’s Day as we know it today was created to serve as a substitute for a cruder Roman celebration celebrated at the time, known as Lupercalia, according to historian John Lupton.

In the fifth century, Pope Gelasius, who lived around the time of Saint Valentine’s Day, replaced Lupercalia with the festival of Saint Valentine.

Valentine at all.

Lupton explained that the motif was derived from the Roman god Cupid, who was also known as the god of love.

Valentine lived more than 1500 years before the invention of chocolate in its modern form.

Valentine, according to Lupton, even if they are not in danger of physical martyrdom. “You might say that in certain respects, even if few Christians are called to martyrdom, there is an element of self-sacrifice and self-renunciation in practically every act of love,” he added.

Perspective

On Wednesday, sweethearts of all ages will exchange Valentine’s Day greeting cards, flowers, sweets, and other expensive presents in the name of Saint Valentine, according to the tradition. However, as a scholar of Christian history, I can assure you that at the heart of our modern celebration is a wonderful fantasy that deserves to be celebrated. Valentine was not a lover or a patron of love in the traditional sense. It is really believed that Valentine’s Day started as a liturgical celebration commemorating a third-century Christian martyr, or maybe two, who were beheaded.

  • According to ancient accounts, there were numerous Valentines who died on the 14th of February.
  • What evidence do we have to support this?
  • They were referred to asBollandists after the British colonial power.
  • In the years that followed, successive generations of monks continued the task, which was completed in 1940 with the publication of the last book.
  • It is the stories of a handful of “Valentini” that are included in the volume that includes February 14, including the first three of whom died in the third century.
  • Unfortunately, not even the Bollandists were able to uncover any further information on him.
  • We don’t know anything about the other two Valentines, save for their names.

According to the legend, Asterius made the error of allowing the preacher to speak to him.

If Valentinus could heal Asterius’ foster-daughter of blindness, Asterius would convert, according to the agreement they reached with the Christian leader.

According to the medieval mythology, the kid has the ability to see.

Unfortunately, when Emperor Gothicus learned of their fate, he ordered that they all be put to death in a single day.

A religious widow, on the other hand, managed to escape with his body and had it interred at the place of his execution on the Via Flaminia, an old roadway that ran from Rome to present-day Rimini.

Valentinus was a bishop in the Italian city of Terni, in the province of Umbria, during the third century.

It is also quite similar to the remainder of the story: he was executed on the orders of Emperor Gothicus and his body was buried along the Via Flaminia, as was his predecessor.

Regardless matter whether they were African, Roman, or Umbrian, none of the Valentines appears to have been very amorous.

Other accounts, however, said that he had a love relationship with the blind girl who he was said to have cured.

However, historical accuracy did not have much of an impact on the beliefs of medieval Christians.

To be true, several different churches and monasteries across medieval Europe claimed to have fragments of Saint Valentinus’s skull in their possession or possession of their relics.

In addition to the Bollandists’ claims, other churches throughout Europe, including the San Anton Church in Madrid, the Whitefriar Street Church in Dublin, the Church of Sts.

Mary’s Assumption in Chelmno, Poland and churches in Malta, Birmingham, Glasgow, and the Greek island of Lesbos, have claimed to possess slivers and bits of Saint Valentinus’ body.

As an example, one bishop in 11th-century Brittany allegedly used what was purportedly Valentine’s head to control fires, avert epidemics, and treat all kind of ailments, including demonic possession.

Books, essays, and blog posts have all been written by researchers deconstructing Valentine and his day.

When Lupercalia first began as a rural male cult ceremony involving the sacrifice of goats and dogs, it was considered a rite of passage; nevertheless, it eventually transformed into an urban carnival.

Pregnant ladies were under the impression that it would result in healthy infants.

496.

The connection between love and the martyrs was most likely established more than a thousand years after their deaths, when Geoffrey Chaucer, author of “The Canterbury Tales,” dedicated the February feast of Saint Valentinus to the mating of birds, according to legend.

During Chaucer’s time period, it appears that English birds coupled off around February to create eggs.

Example: In February 1415, the French Duke of Orléans, who had spent several years as a prisoner at the Tower of London, wrote to his wife and expressed his displeasure with love (by which he meant lovesick.) He also referred to her as his “very kind Valentine.” The concept of February mating was well received by English audiences.

It was made simpler by industrialization, which generated mass-produced graphic cards decorated with smarmy poetry.

The annual Day of Love is celebrated today by stores all throughout the United Kingdom and the United States, which adorn their windows with hearts and banners advertising the occasion.

It appears that the formerly venerated saint who inspired the festival of love has become as elusive as love itself.

And, like love itself, Saint Valentine’s status as the patron saint of love is not based on historical evidence, but rather on religious belief.

St. Valentine – Saints & Angels

Saint Valentine, also known as Saint Valentine of Rome, is a third-century Roman saint who is widely commemorated on February 14 and is connected with “courtly love.” Saint Valentine is also recognized as the patron saint of lovers. Although little is known about St. Valentine’s life, and whether or not the stories about him are about two different saints with the same name has not been definitively determined, it is widely accepted that he was martyred and then buried on the Via Flaminia, north of Rome, near the site of the current Vatican City State.

Valentine, the Roman Catholic Church decided to remove him from the General Roman Calendar in 1969.

The traditions that have been attributed to the enigmatic saint are just as contradictory as the real identity of the guy himself.

Valentine is that, as the previous Bishop of Terni, Narnia, and Amelia, he spent a period of his life under the supervision of Judge Asterius, who placed him under house imprisonment.

Valentine and his religious beliefs were instantly put to the test by the court.

Valentine was entrusted with the blind daughter of the judge, and he was instructed to restore her sight.

Valentine was able to restore the child’s vision by placing his palms over her eyes.

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Asterius and his family, as well as the entire 44-member household, were baptized after destroying all of the idols in and around their home, fasting for three days, and repenting.

St.

He was dispatched to Rome on the orders of Emperor Claudius Gothicus (Claudius II).

Valentine, the Nuremberg Chronicle.

Valentine was imprisoned for marrying Christian couples and assisting Christians who were being persecuted by the Roman emperor Claudius.

The saint and the emperor began to develop a personal friendship, and Valentine even sought to persuade Claudius to convert to Christianity.

On February 14, 269, St.

Other accounts of St.

Other portrayals of St.

Another version of the history of St.

On the day of his execution, he left a message for the girl, which said, “Your Valentine,” in the margins.

It is possible that the romantic element of Valentine’s Day originated during the Middle Ages, when it was thought that birds matched couples around the middle of the month of February.

Despite the fact that no one can agree on the precise origin of the event, it is widely regarded as a day of love, devotion, and passion among people.

Valentine, proving that he existed.

St.

In the Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Rome, there is a skull of St.

The Valentine relics were discovered in the catacombs of Saint Hippolytus on the Via Tiburtina in 1836 and were later determined to be those of Saint Valentine.

The gift from Pope Gregory XVI to Fr.

Valentine and was given to him by the Pope.

Peter and Paul at Vysehrad in Prague, the parish church of St.

Valentine as their patron saint. He is also the patron saint of epilepsy and fainting as well as good marriages, love, lovers, the plague, travelers and young people. A image of him with birds and roses may be found in many places, and his feast day is commemorated on February 14.

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